PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1509400 26.01.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001509400
Titel VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUM DRUCKEN AUF GEGENSTÄNDEN
Anmelder Akzo Nobel Coatings International B.V., Arnheim/Arnhem, NL
Erfinder LAFAILLE, Maria, Marc, B-2950 Kappellen, BE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60302889
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 24.04.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 037170610
WO-Anmeldetag 24.04.2003
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/BE03/00072
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0003101748
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 11.12.2003
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.03.2005
EP date of grant 21.12.2005
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 26.01.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse B41M 5/025(2006.01)A, F, I, ,  ,  ,   
IPC-Nebenklasse B41M 5/03(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      B41F 17/00(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      B44C 1/17(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      

Beschreibung[en]

This invention relates to a method and device for printing objects.

In first instance, it is intended for printing three-dimensional surfaces, for example, the surface of irregularly formed objects, however, in general it can be applied for printing a variety of surfaces, thus, for example, flat surfaces, too.

A practical application intended by the invention is to provide a decorative coating on the housing of portable telephone devices, in particular on the front side of cellular phones.

A technique for printing such objects is known from the Belgian patent No. 1.012.584. According to this known technique, printing ink is provided on a supple carrier, and subsequently this printing ink is transferred onto the object by bringing the object and the carrier into mutual contact, whereby the carrier is forced to follow the form of the surface of the object to be printed.

When several layers must be printed one above the other, said technique may be repeatedly applied for each of these layers. However, applying successive layers in this manner has various disadvantages.

A first disadvantage consists in that repeatedly printing one and the same object is a complicated and time-consuming technique.

A second disadvantage consists in that a possible interaction between two successive layers of printing medium, in case such interaction is desired, is almost excluded, as, when the layers are provided on the object one after the other, a drying already will take place in between.

A third disadvantage consists in that it is very difficult to provide the different prints in mutual respect right on top of each other, which is particularly important when working with patterns which must be coordinated in respect to each other. Due to the fact that the supple carriers may act somewhat differently with each printing cycle, it can be prevented that an undesired shifting between the patterns of the successive printings does occur.

The present invention aims at a method for printing objects which allows that a multi-layered print can be provided on these objects in an efficient manner, said method allowing that one or more of the aforementioned disadvantages can be excluded.

To this aim, the invention, in the first place, relates to a method for printing objects, as defined in claim 1.

As the aforementioned layers of printing medium are provided on the carrier one above the other, the advantage is created that the object can be provided with a multi-layered print by means of a single printing cycle, which results in a considerable saving of time.

As the layers of printing medium can be provided on the carrier relatively short after one another, it is easy to provide for an interaction of the printing media.

In consideration of the fact that the layers of printing medium are simultaneously provided on the object, a possible mutual shifting of printing patterns as a result of deformations occurring during the transfer of said layers to the object is completely excluded.

According to the invention, in between the application of two or more layers of printing medium, and possibly after applying the last layer of printing medium, one or more of said layers are subjected to a curing treatment, more particularly a drying process. Depending on the purpose, this may be a complete curing or drying, as well as a partial curing or drying.

By a complete curing, more particularly, drying, it can be effected that the different layers of printing medium do not influence each other.

By a partial curing, more particularly, drying, different effects can be intended. A first aim consists in that the layer of printing medium which is cured, dried, respectively, is rendered less sensitive to dust particles. Dust particles actually will adhere less, the drier the respective layer of printing medium is. Thereby, the risk is reduced that, when realizing the method, dust particles end up in the print.

By a partial curing, the different layers, by chosing a suitable degree of curing, can be optimally conditioned in function of the treatments which have to be performed further therewith, for example, in function of the adherence which has to be realized with the subsequent layer of printing medium, and/or in function of the adherence to be realized with the object.

Said curing may be a drying, obtained by evaporation of volatile components, as well as so-called curing as a result of chemical reaction. Preferably, for the curing use will be made of an exposure to ultraviolet radiation or of heating, this latter, for example, by means of an infrared radiation.

In the case that at least two successive layers of printing medium are subjected to a curing treatment, the curing, according to a preferred form of embodiment, shall take place in a selective manner, and such that, when curing the second layer, little or no further curing of the first layer takes place. This has as an advantage that both layers can be partially cured, independently from each other.

Such curing in a selective manner preferably is performed by using layers of printing medium which cure by radiation, for example, by means of ultraviolet light, however, at different wavelengths of the radiation, and/or by using layers of printing medium which necessitate a different kind of treatment for their curing, for example, one one hand, a treatment by means of a radiation with ultraviolet light and, on the other hand, a treatment by means of infrared light.

According to a particular aspect of the invention, the carrier, previous to the application of the layers of printing medium, is cleaned, which can be realized in a practical manner by bringing the carrier into contact with an element which is provided with a self-adhesive layer, and subsequently removing said element from the carrier, such that contaminations possibly present on the carrier will remain at the self-adhesive layer.

For realizing the printing, a variety of printing media can be applied. In practical applications, however, two or more layers of printing medium, chosen from the following series, will be used: a top layer in the form of a transparent varnish, a primer or basic layer, and an ink.

Hereby, for the top layer preferably a varnish is used which can be cured by means of radiation with ultraviolet light or such. For the primer, preferably a printing medium is used having the features that it has a good adherence to synthetic material and that it absorbs printing ink. For the ink, preferably a water-based kind of ink is used.

It is noted that the application of at least two layers of printing medium, whereby the one printing medium is chosen such that it becomes at least partially absorbed in the other printing medium, forms a particularly advantageous fact for realizing certain prints. This technique anyway allows to realize the absorbing printing medium such that it shows optimum characteristics for providing for an adherence to the underlying material, whereas the absorbed printing medium then can be chosen such that optimal illustrations and/or colours are realized.

Providing the different layers of printing medium on the carrier can be performed in any suitable manner. An advantage of the invention consists in that different manners can be combined, in other words, that successive layers can be provided on the carrier by means of different techniques. Preferably, however, use shall be made of one or more of the following techniques: by means of screen-print, by a printer, by tampon printing.

Preferably, the method is realized by means of a flat carrier in the form of a membrane. The application of a flat carrier has as an advantage that it can easily be positioned and consequently each layer of printing medium can be applied on the right place. Such flat carrier also offers the advantage that, as long as it is kept in flat condition, always retains the same shape, such that the possible mutual coordination of different patterns exclusively depends on positioning the carrier, and such that other influences are excluded.

In the most preferred form of embodiment, use shall be made of carriers which are moved, by means of a closed circuit, along different processing stations and an actual printing device, wherein the respective layers of printing medium successively are provided on the carriers, these layers possibly are subjected to drying and finally, in said printing device, are simultaneously transferred onto the object to be printed. Thereby, a production in series can be provided in an efficient manner.

Of course, the invention also relates to devices for realizing the aforementioned method. These devices are characterized in that they at least consist of, on one hand, two or more processing stations, for successively providing two or more layers of printing medium on a supple carrier, and, on the other hand, an actual printing device, where said layers are transferred onto the object to be printed, by bringing said carrier, together with the layers of printing medium present thereon, and the object in mutual contact. For the processing stations, amongst others, processing stations can be used where printing medium is applied on the carrier by means of screen-print, printing or tampon printing; processing stations where an at least partial curing or drying of already applied layers of printing medium takes place; and processing stations where a cleaning of the carrier is performed.

According to a preferred form of embodiment, the device comprises several carriers, which successively are brought into the different processing stations and the actual printing device. By using several carriers, the advantage is created that different treatments simultaneously can be carried out on the respective carriers and that the actual printing treatments can be performed shortly one after the other, without each time having to wait until one carrier has been run through a full cycle.

Still more particularly, it is preferred that said carriers are taken up in one and the same transport device, such that, after each treatment, they are simultaneously moved to a successive processing station, the printing device, respectively. In a practical form of embodiment, to this aim use will be made of a rotatable table on which the different carriers are provided and whereby the aforementioned processing stations and the actual printing device are installed along the periphery of this table.

According to a preferred form of embodiment, the device is provided with exchangeable carriers, more particularly carriers which are attached in holders, preferably in the form of a membrane attached to a frame, whereby these holders, together with the carriers attached thereto, are mounted in the device in a replaceable manner.

Moreover, the invention also relates to a printing device for printing objects, of the type whereby printing medium is transferred onto an object by bringing a carrier, provided in a holder and being provided with printing medium, into contact with the object, such that the printing medium is transferred from the carrier onto the object, with as a characteristic that the printing device comprises means which grip, more particularly, clamp, the carrier within the circumference determined by the location where the carrier is connected to the holder. Amongst others, this has the advantage that the attachment of the carrier at the holder, during the realization of the actual printing process, whereby, as known, tensile loads are created in the carrier, remains unloaded.

Further, the invention also relates to a printing device according to claim 13, 14 or 15 for printing objects, of the type whereby printing medium is transferred onto an object by bringing a carrier, which is provided with printing medium, into contact with an object, such that the printing medium is transferred from the carrier onto the object, characterized in that the printing device comprises a chamber-shaped part which is open at one side, whereby the open side thereof can be sealed by a carrier presented in the printing device, such that the chamber-shaped part forms a chamber in which a pressure can be created having the purpose of assisting in pressing the carrier around the object.

The use of such chamber-shaped part which is brought into contact with a carrier presented thereto, has as an advantage that carriers of any kind can be presented to the printing device, and that such carrier can be provided with printing medium beforehand, at another location, in other words, that the printing medium must not be applied on the carrier in the actual printing device.

The aforementioned printing devices, in other words, the printing devices which, as aforementioned, comprise means for clamping a carrier, as well as the printing devices which, as aforementioned, comprise an open chamber-shaped part in which a pressure can be created, are particularly suited for being applied in a device which, as aforementioned, also comprises different processing stations and whereby carriers successively can be presented to these processing stations and the printing device. However, according to the invention, these printing devices also can be applied separately, thus, without having to form a part of a circuit consisting of processing stations and a printing device.

With the intention of better showing the characteristics of the invention, hereafter, as an example without any limitative character, a preferred form of embodiment of the invention is described, with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

  • Figure 1 schematically represents an application in which the method according to the invention is applied;
  • figures 2 to 9 schematically, at a larger scale, represent views of the parts indicated by arrows F2 to F9 in figure 1;
  • figure 10 schematically represents a practical form of embodiment of the device according to the invention;
  • figures 11 and 12, for two different conditions, and for a practical form of embodiment, represent a cross-section according to line IX-IX in figure 10.

As represented, the device 1 from figure 1 substantially consists of, on one hand, means 2, more particularly processing stations 3 to 9, for successively providing two or more layers of printing medium, in this case, three layers, 10-11-12, respectively, on a supple carrier 13, and, on the other hand, an actual printing device 14 where said layers 10-11-12 are transferred to an object 15 to be printed by bringing the carrier 13, together with the layers 10-11-12 present thereon, and the object 15 into mutual contact.

As is better shown in figures 2 to 9, the carrier 13 is realized as a flat membrane which, in the represented example, is attached in a holder 16. To this aim, preferably a silicone mat is used, for example, with a thickness of 1 to 3 mm, and preferably 2 mm.

In the processing station 3, the carrier 13 is cleaned. As represented schematically in figure 2, this is preferably performed by bringing the carrier 13 into temporary contact with an element 17 which, at its underside, is provided with a self-adhesive layer, such that, when the element 17 is removed again, all dust particles present on the carrier 13 are taken up by the self-adhesive layer.

In the represented example, the element 17 consists of a film or such which, with a self-adhesive layer present at the underside thereof, is pressed on the carrier 13 for a short time by moving a pressing element 18, more particularly a pressing roller, thereover. After having cleaned the carrier 13 in this manner, said carrier is moved to the next processing station 4. The self-adhesive film can consist of a band which can be moved between two rollers 19-20, whereby, for example, after each cleaning cycle, this band is moved on over a length L, such that, with a subsequent cleaning cycle, a clean self-adhesive layer is available.

As represented in figure 3, in the processing station 4 the first layer of printing medium 10 is applied on the carrier 13. In the represented example, this is a top layer of transparent varnish, more particularly varnish of the type which can be cured by means of an exposure to ultraviolet light. The application of this top layer on the carrier 13 can be realized in any manner, for example, by providing it on the carrier 13 by means of screen-print, by spraying it on the carrier 13, by providing it on the carrier 13 by means of a roll, etc.

In the processing station 5, a partial curing of the layer of printing medium 10 is taking place. Hereby, the carrier 13, with the layer 10 present thereon, as represented in figure 4, is brought under one or more sources 21 of ultraviolet radiation. Amongst others, this partial curing has the purpose to provide for minimizing the risk that dust particles possibly floating around might get stuck in the layer of printing medium 10. Also, the layer 10, by the partial curing, is conditioned such that it shows optimum characteristics for receiving the subsequent layers thereon.

In the processing station 6, the second layer of printing medium 11, as represented in figure 5, is provided on the first layer of printing medium 10. In the represented example, the layer 11 consists of a primer or basic layer which is chosen such that it has the features of adhering well to the material, for example, synthetic material, of which the object consists, as well as it is suited to absorb the printing ink applied in a next stage.

The application of the layer 11 can also be performed in any manner whatsoever. Preferably, however, to this aim also one of the aforementioned techniques will be applied.

As represented in figure 6, in the processing station 7 also a partial curing takes place by radiation by means of, for example, ultraviolet radiation sources 22. In order to prevent that the top layer, in other words, the layer 10, hereby cures further, a selective curing is applied. Hereby, it is intended that in the processing station 7, a treatment of such kind is performed that solely the layer 11 is subjected to a curing, whereas no or almost no further curing of said layer 10 takes place. Practically, this is, for example, realized by choosing printing media for the layers 10 and 11 which cure at different radiation frequencies in the ultraviolet range. By then applying ultraviolet light or such of a well-defined frequency, a selective processing can be performed.

In the processing station 8, the third layer 12 is applied, which, in the represented example, consists of a printed pattern. In a particularly practical form of embodiment, the application thereof, as represented in figure 7, shall take place by means of a printing head 23 of a printer, said printing head moving over the carrier 13 and printing, for example, an image in one or more colours on the layer 11.

For realizing the layer 12, use can be made of water-based printing inks. The printing medium of which the layer 12 is formed, in other words, the printing ink, hereby at least partially penetrates into the underlying layer 11.

Subsequently, in the processing station 9 a further curing, more particularly drying, takes place, in this case, by heating, for example, as represented in figure 8, by radiating with infrared light originating from infrared lamps 24, with as a result that the water from the water-based ink evaporates from the layer 12, as a consequence of which the pigments of the layer 12 become fixed in the layer 11.

Finally, the carrier 13 is brought into the actual printing device 14, and the object 15 and the carrier 13, as represented in figure 9, are brought into mutual contact, such that the print formed by the layers 10-11-12 is transferred as a whole onto the object 15. In other words, when the object 15 is removed from the carrier 13, the layers of printing medium 10-11-12 remain on the object 15.

It is noted that in figures 1 to 9, the carrier 13 as well as the layers 10-11-12 are represented exaggeratedly thick and that in reality, they are considerably thinner.

After the object 15, which, for example, consists of a front panel of a portable phone device, is printed, it is clear that the layer 10 shall be situated at the outer side. Hereby, this layer 10 forms a hard transparent top layer. Through this layer 10, the layer 11 is visible, as well as the layer 12 absorbed in this layer 11, which layer 12, for example, represents a pattern, inscription or the like.

Although the use of the layers of printing medium 10-11-12 described specifically in the aforegoing, according to the invention offers important advantages, it is clear that the invention is not restricted to the specific use of these layers. The invention, however, in general relates to the fact that two or more layers of printing medium are applied on a carrier and subsequently are simultaneously transferred onto the object.

As schematically represented in figure 1, the device 1 comprises several carriers 13, which successively are brought into the different processing stations 3 to 9 and the printing device 14, such that, each time the carriers 13 are placed into a subsequent processing station, also a carrier 13 is brought into the printing device 14 and a printing cycle can be performed.

As schematically represented in figure 10 in a top plan view, the carriers 13 to this aim preferably are provided in a rotatable table 25, whereby said processing stations 3 to 9, as well as the printing device 14, are installed along the periphery of this table 25. When the carriers 13, immediately after performing the printing, can be reused, they can remain present in the device 1, such that they automatically end up in the processing station 3. When the carriers 13, however, are not immediately reusable, for example, as a result of the presence of a surplus of printing medium thereupon, these carriers, for example, can be removed in stations 26, whereas new and/or cleaned carriers 13 are provided in the table 25 in the station 27. It is also possible to provide a cleaning device at the location of station 26 and/or 27 in order to remove surplus printing medium.

Although the carriers 13 can be fixed in the table 25 in different ways, preferably, as schematically represented in figure 11, use is made of carriers 13 attached to a holder 16, whereby the holders 16, together with the carriers 13 attached thereto, are mounted in openings 28 in the table 25, more particularly are retained at their edges in seats 29 by clamping means 30.

In a schematic manner, figures 11 and 12 represent how the printing device 14 preferably is composed.

This printing device 14 is provided with means 31 for moving the objects 15 to be printed and the carrier 13 in mutual respect and to bring them into mutual contact; means 32 for gripping, more particularly, clamping, the carrier 13 within the circumference which is determined by the location where the carrier 13 is connected to the holder 16; and a chamber-shaped part 34 which is open at one side 33, whereby the open side 33 thereof can be sealed by the carrier 13, such that, by means of a compressed air connection 35, a pressure can be created in the chamber.

The means 31 consist of a holder 36 at which the objects 15 are fixed, and a drive 37 for moving this holder, such that the objects 15 are pressed against the carrier 13.

The means 32 are formed by, on one hand, the upper edge 38 of the part 34 and, on the other hand, a pressing part 39 situated at the other side of the carrier 13, as well as by drives 40 and 41 which allow to move the part 34 and the pressing part 39 towards each other, such that the carrier 13 is clamped in between them.

In the part 34, countermoulds 42 can be installed.

The printing device 14 functions as described in the following. In rest position, the printing device 14 is in a condition as represented in figure 11. When the carrier 13 with the layers of printing medium 10-11-12 present thereupon is situated between the part 34 and the pressing part 39, these are moved towards each other, with as a consequence that the carrier 13, as represented in figure 12, is clamped. Subsequently, the objects 15 are pressed against the carrier 13, such by moving these objects 15 downward until the carrier 13 is in contact with the countermoulds 42. Preferably, then a pressure is created in the chamber-shaped part 34 to provide for that the carrier 13 folds around the objects. In this manner, the layers 10-11-12 are simultaneously transferred onto the objects 15.

Finally, the parts of the printing device 14 are brought back into the condition of figure 11, after which a subsequent carrier 13, provided with layers of printing medium 10-11-12, can be presented in the printing device 14. Of course, the printed objects 15 are removed from the holder 36 and new objects 15 to be printed are provided therein, which either can be realized automatically or not.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verfahren zum Bedrucken von Gegenständen, wobei diese Gegenstände (15) mit einem Mehrschichtendruck versehen werden, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass für diesen Zweck einerseits zwei oder mehrere Druckmedium-Schichten (10-11-12), die wenigstens teilweise übereinander liegen, auf einem elastischen Träger (13) bereitgestellt werden, und andererseits, nachdem wenigstens eine dieser Schichten (10-11-12) wenigstens einer partiellen Härtungsbehandlung unterzogen wurde, diese Schichten (10-11-12) gleichzeitig auf den zu bedruckenden Gegenstand (15) übertragen werden, indem man diesen Träger (13) zusammen den Druckmedium-Schichten (10-11-12), die auf ihm vorliegen, und den Gegenstand (15) in gegenseitigen Kontakt bringt und indem man den Gegenstand (15) vom Träger (13) entfernt, nachdem die Übertragung dieser Schichten (10-11-12) vervollständigt ist.
  2. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass beim Auftragen von zwei oder mehreren Druckmedium-Schichten (10-11-12) und möglicherweise nach dem Auftragen der letzten Schicht des Druckmediums (12) eine oder mehrere dieser Schichten (10-11-12) einer Härtungsbehandlung unterzogen werden, vorzugsweise durch Einwirkung von Ultraviolettstrahlung oder durch Erwärmen.
  3. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass eine partielle Härtung bereitgestellt wird.
  4. Verfahren gemäß den Ansprüchen 2 oder 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass wenigstens zwei Schichten (10-11) einer Härtungsbehandlung unterzogen werden und die Härtung auf selektive Weise erfolgt, so dass, wenn die zweite Schicht (11) gehärtet wird, eine geringe oder keine weitere Härtung der ersten Schicht (10) stattfindet.
  5. Verfahren gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Träger (13) vor dem Auftragen der Druckmedium-Schichten (10-11-12) gereinigt wird.
  6. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Träger (13) gereinigt wird, indem man ihn mit einem Element (17) in Kontakt bringt, das mit einer Selbstklebeschicht versehen ist, und anschließend dieses Element (17) vom Träger (13) entfernt, so dass Verunreinigungen, die möglicherweise auf dem Träger (13) vorliegen, an der Selbstklebeschicht zurückbleiben.
  7. Verfahren gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Gegenstand (15) mit zwei oder mehreren Druckmedium-Schichten (10-11-12) bedruckt wird, die aus der folgenden Reihe ausgewählt sind: einer oberen Schicht in Form eines transparenten Klarlackes, einer Primer- oder Grundschicht und einer Tinte.
  8. Verfahren gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass wenigstens zwei Druckmedium-Schichten (11-12) verwendet werden, wobei das eine Druckmedium (12) derartig ausgewählt ist, dass es wenigstens teilweise in dem anderen Druckmedium (11) absorbiert wird, und wobei dieses letztere Druckmedium (11) - mit anderen Worten: das absorbierende Druckmedium (11) - derartig ausgewählt ist, dass es eine gute Haftung an das darunter liegende Material bereitstellt, mit dem es in Kontakt steht oder in Kontakt treten wird.
  9. Verfahren gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein flacher Träger (13) in Form einer Membran verwendet wird.
  10. Verfahren gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass Träger (13) verwendet werden, die mittels eines geschlossenen Kreislaufs entlang unterschiedlicher Verarbeitungsstationen (3-4-5-6-7-8-9) und einer eigentlichen Druckvorrichtung (14) bewegt werden, wobei die entsprechenden Druckmedium-Schichten (10-11-12) nacheinander auf den Trägern (13) bereitgestellt werden, diese Schichten (10-11-12) möglicherweise einem Trocknungsverfahren unterzogen werden und diese Schichten (10-11-12) schließlich in der Druckvorrichtung (14) gleichzeitig auf den zu bedruckenden Gegenstand (15) übertragen werden.
  11. Verfahren gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass während der Übertragung der Schichten (10-11-12) auf den Gegenstand (15) der Träger (13) mit Mitteln in Kontakt gebracht wird, die eine Stütze für den Träger (13) um den zu bedruckenden Gegenstand (15) herum bilden und insbesondere für ein Einspannen des Trägers (13) sorgen.
  12. Verfahren gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass während der Übertragung der Schichten (10-11-12) auf den Gegenstand (15) der Träger (13) mit einem kammerartigen Teil (34) in Kontakt gebracht wird, das an einer Seite (33) offen ist, so dass die offene Seite (33) durch den Träger (13) verschlossen wird und eine Kammer gebildet wird, in der ein Druck zu dem Zweck erzeugt werden kann, um das Pressen des Trägers (13) um den Gegenstand (15) herum zu unterstützen.
  13. Vorrichtung zum Bedrucken von Gegenständen, insbesondere gemäß dem Verfahren gemäß irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es Folgendes umfasst: einerseits zwei oder mehrere Verarbeitungsstationen (3-4-5-6-7-8-9), um nacheinander zwei oder mehrere Druckmedium-Schichten (10-11-12) auf einem elastischen Träger (13) bereitzustellen, andererseits eine eigentliche Druckvorrichtung (14), in der diese Schichten (10-11-12) auf den bedruckenden Gegenstand (15) übertragen werden, indem man den Träger (13) zusammen mit den Druckmedium-Schichten (10-11-12), die auf ihm vorliegen, und den Gegenstand (15) in gegenseitigen Kontakt bringt.
  14. Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie einen sich bewegenden, insbesondere einen drehbaren Tisch (25) umfasst, an dem mehrere Träger (13) auf derartige Weise bereitgestellt sind oder bereitgestellt werden können, dass durch systematisches Drehen dieses Tisches (25) die Träger (13) - wie oben erwähnt - zu den entsprechenden Verarbeitungsstationen (3-4-5-6-7-8-9) und der eigentlichen Druckvorrichtung (14) gelangen.
  15. Druckvorrichtung zum Bedrucken von Gegenständen des Typs, in welchem das Druckmedium (10-11-12) auf den Gegenstand (15) übertragen wird, indem man einen Träger (13), der in einer Haltevorrichtung (16) angeordnet ist und mit dem Druckmedium (10-11-12) versehen ist, mit dem Gegenstand (15) in Kontakt bringt, so dass das Druckmedium (10-11-12) vom Träger (13) auf den Gegenstand (15) übertragen wird, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Druckvorrichtung (14) Mittel (32) umfasst, die den Träger (13) innerhalb des Umfangs einspannen, insbesondere festklemmen, der durch die Stelle bestimmt ist, an der der Träger (13) mit der Haltevorrichtung (16) verbunden ist.
  16. Druckvorrichtung gemäß den Ansprüchen 13, 14 oder 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Druckvorrichtung (14) ein kammerartiges Teil (34) umfasst, das an einer Seite (33) offen ist, wobei die offene Seite (33) desselben durch einen Träger (13) verschlossen werden kann, der in der Druckvorrichtung (14) bereitgestellt wird oder vorliegt, so dass das kammerartige Teil (34) eine geschlossene Kammer bildet, in der ein Druck zu dem Zweck erzeugt werden kann, um das Pressen des Trägers (13) um den Gegenstand (15) herum zu unterstützen.
Anspruch[en]
  1. Method for printing objects, whereby these objects (15) are provided with a multi-layered print, characterized in that to this aim, on one hand, two or more layers of printing medium (10-11-12), which at least partially are situated one above the other, are provided on a supple carrier (13) and, on the other hand, after that at least one of said layers (10-11-12) has been subjected to an at least partial curing treatment, these layers (10-11-12) are simultaneously transferred onto the object (15) to be printed by bringing said carrier (13), together with the layers of printing medium (10-11-12) present thereon, and the object (15) into mutual contact, and by removing the object (15) from the carrier (13) after the transfer of said layers (10-11-12) is completed.
  2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that in the application of two or more layers of printing medium (10-11-12), and possibly after the application of the last layer of printing medium (12), one or more of said layers (10-11-12) are subjected to a curing treatment, preferably by means of an exposure to ultraviolet radiation or by means of heating.
  3. Method according to claim 2, characterized in that a partial curing is provided.
  4. Method according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that at least two layers (10-11) are subjected to a curing treatment and that the curing takes place in a selective manner, such that, when curing the second layer (11), little or no further curing of the first layer (10) will take place.
  5. Method according to any of the preceding claims,characterized in that the carrier (13), preceding the application of the layers of printing medium (10-11-12), is cleaned.
  6. Method according to claim 5, characterized in that the carrier (13) is cleaned by bringing it into contact with an element (17) which is provided with a self-adhesive layer, and subsequently removing this element (17) from the carrier (13), such that contaminations possibly present on the carrier (13) remain at the self-adhesive layer.
  7. Method according to any of the preceding claims,characterized in that the object (15) is printed with two or more layers of printing medium (10-11-12), chosen from the following series: a top layer in the form of a transparent varnish, a primer or basic layer, and an ink.
  8. Method according to any of the preceding claims,characterized in that use is made of at least two layers of printing medium (11-12), whereby the one printing medium (12) is chosen such that it is at least partially absorbed in the other printing medium (11), and whereby this latter printing medium (11), in other words, the absorbing printing medium (11), is chosen such that it provides for a good adherence to the underlying material with which it is or will be in contact.
  9. Method according to any of the preceding claims,characterized in that use is made of a flat carrier (13) in the form of a membrane.
  10. Method according to any of the preceding claims,characterized in that use is made of carriers (13) which, by means of a closed circuit, are moved along different processing stations (3-4-5-6-7-8-9) and an actual printing device (14), in which the respective layers of printing medium (10-11-12) successively are provided on the carriers (13), these layers (10-11-12) possibly are subjected to a drying process, and these layers (10-11-12) finally, in said printing device (14), simultaneously are transferred onto the object (15) to be printed.
  11. Method according to any of the preceding claims,characterized in that, during the transfer of said layers (10-11-12) onto the object (15), the carrier (13) is brought into contact with means forming a support for the carrier (13) around the object (15) to be printed and, more particularly, provide for a clamping of the carrier (13).
  12. Method according to any of the preceding claims,characterized in that during the transfer of said layers (10-11-12) onto the object (15), the carrier (13) is brought into contact with a chamber-shaped part (34) which is open at one side (33), such that the open side (33) is sealed by the carrier (13) and a chamber is formed in which a pressure can be created with the purpose of assisting in pressing the carrier (13) around the object (15).
  13. Device for printing objects, more particularly according to the method of any of the preceding claims,characterized in that it comprises, on one hand, two or more processing stations (3-4-5-6-7-8-9), for successively providing two or more layers of printing medium (10-11-12) on a supple carrier (13), and, on the other hand, an actual printing device (14), where said layers (10-11-12) are transferred onto the object (15) to be printed, by bringing said carrier (13), together with the layers of printing medium (10-11-2) present thereon, and the object (15) into mutual contact.
  14. Device according to claim 13, characterized in that it comprises a moving, more particularly rotatable, table (25), in which several carriers (13) are or can be provided, such that, by systematically rotating this table (25), the carriers (13), as aforementioned, end up in the respective processing stations (3-4-5-6-7-8-9) and the actual printing device (14).
  15. Printing device for printing objects, of the type whereby printing medium (10-11-12) is transferred onto an object (15) by bringing a carrier (13), provided in a holder (16) and being provided with printing medium (10-11-12), into contact with the object (15), such that the printing medium (10-11-12) is transferred from the carrier (13) onto the object (15), characterized in that the printing device (14) comprises means (32) which grip, more particularly, clamp, the carrier (13) within the circumference determined by the location where the carrier (13) is connected to the holder (16).
  16. Printing device according to claim 13, 14 or 15characterized in that the printing device (14) comprises a chamber-shaped part (34) which is open at one side (33), whereby the open side (33) thereof can be sealed by a carrier (13) presented or present in the printing device (14), such that the chamber-shaped part (34) forms a closed chamber in which a pressure can be created with the purpose of assisting in pressing the carrier (13) around the object (15).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Procédé destiné à imprimer des objets, moyennant quoi ces objets (15) sont mis à disposition avec une impression multicouche, caractérisé en ce que, à cette fin, d'un côté, deux ou plusieurs couches d'un support d'impression (10-11-12) qui sont au moins partiellement situées l'une au-dessus de l'autre, sont placées sur un support (13) souple et, d'un autre côté, après qu'au moins une desdites couches (10-11-12) a été soumise à au moins un traitement partiel de cuisson, ces couches (10-11-12) sont transférées simultanément sur l'objet (15) devant être imprimé en amenant ledit support (13), conjointement avec les couches de support d'impression (10-11-12) présentes sur ce dernier, et l'objet (15) en contact mutuel, et en retirant l'objet (15) du support (13) après que le transfert desdites couches (10-11-12) est achevé.
  2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'application des deux couches ou plus de support d'impression (10-11-12), et éventuellement après, l'application de la dernière couche de support d'impression (12), une ou plusieurs parmi lesdites couches (10-11-12) sont soumises à un traitement de cuisson, de préférence au moyen d'une exposition à un rayonnement ultraviolet ou au moyen d'un chauffage.
  3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce qu'une cuisson partielle est prévue.
  4. Procédé selon la revendication 2 ou 3,caractérisé en ce qu'au moins deux couches (10-11) sont soumises à un traitement de cuisson et que la cuisson se déroule de manière sélective, de telle manière que, lors de la cuisson de la deuxième couche (11), une cuisson minime ou aucune cuisson de la première couche (10) ne se déroulera.
  5. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que le support (13), avant l'application des couches de support d'impression (10-11-12), est nettoyé.
  6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que le support (13) est nettoyé en l'amenant en contact avec un élément (17) qui est prévu avec une couche auto-adhésive, et en retirant ultérieurement cet élément (17) du support (13), de telle manière que des impuretés éventuellement présentes sur le chariot (13) restent sur la couche auto-adhésive.
  7. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que l'objet (15) est imprimé avec deux couches ou plus d'un support d'impression (10-11-12), choisi parmi la série suivante : une couche supérieure sous la forme d'un verni transparent, une couche primaire ou de base, et une encre.
  8. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'on utilise au moins deux couches de support d'impression (11-12), moyennant quoi l'un des supports d'impression (12) est choisi de telle manière qu'il est au moins partiellement absorbé dans l'autre support d'impression (11), et moyennant quoi ce dernier support d'impression (11), en d'autres termes, le support d'impression (11) absorbant, est choisi de telle manière qu'il fournit une adhérence adéquate au matériau sous-jacent avec lequel il est ou sera en contact.
  9. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'on utilise un support (13) plat sous la forme d'une membrane.
  10. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'on utilise des supports (13) qui, au moyen d'un circuit fermé, sont déplacés le long de différents postes (3-4-5-6-7-8-9) de traitement et un véritable dispositif d'impression (14), dans lequel les couches respectives de support d'impression (10-11-12) sont successivement fournies sur les supports (13), ces couches (10-11-12) sont éventuellement soumises à un traitement de séchage, et ces couches (10-11-12) sont finalement transférées simultanément, dans ledit dispositif d'impression (14), sur l'objet (15) devant être imprimé.
  11. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'au cours du transfert desdites couches (11-11-12) sur l'objet (15), le support (13) est amené en contact avec un moyen formant support pour le support (13) autour de l'objet (15) devant être imprimé et, plus précisément, qui fournit un blocage du support (13).
  12. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'au cours du transfert desdites couches (10-11-12) sur l'objet (15), le support (13) est amené en contact avec une partie (34) en forme de chambre qui est ouverte d'un côté (33), de telle manière que le côté ouvert (33) est fermé hermétiquement par le support (13) et une chambre est formée dans laquelle une pression peut être créée dans le but d'aider à appuyer le support (13) autour de l'objet (15).
  13. Dispositif destiné à imprimer des objets, plus précisément conformément au procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend d'un côté deux ou plusieurs postes de traitement (3-4-5-6-7-8-9), pour fournir successivement deux ou plusieurs couches de support d'impression (10-11-12) sur un support (13) souple, et, d'un autre côté, un véritable dispositif d'impression (14), où lesdites couches (10-11-12) sont transférées sur l'objet (15) devant être imprimé, en amenant ledit support (13), conjointement avec les couches de support d'impression (10-11-12) présentes sur ce dernier, et l'objet (15) en contact mutuel.
  14. Dispositif selon la revendication 13,caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend une table (25) mobile, plus précisément rotative, dans laquelle plusieurs supports (13) sont ou peuvent être mis à disposition, de telle manière qu'en mettant cette table (25) en rotation de manière systématique, les supports (13) tels que mentionnés ci-dessus, parviennent aux postes de traitement (3-4-5-6-7-8-9) respectifs et au véritable dispositif d'impression (14).
  15. Dispositif d'impression pour imprimer des objets, du type par lequel un support d'impression (10-11-12) est transféré sur un objet (15) en amenant un support (13), mis à disposition dans un dispositif de maintien (16) et étant prévu avec un support d'impression (10-11-12), en contact avec l'objet (15), de telle manière que le support d'impression (10-11-12) est transféré depuis le support (13) sur l'objet (15), caractérisé en ce que le dispositif d'impression (14) comprend un moyen (32) qui saisit, plus précisément, bloque le support (13) à l'intérieur de la circonférence déterminée par l'emplacement où le support (13) est raccordé au dispositif de maintien (16).
  16. Dispositif d'impression selon la revendication 13, 14 ou 15 caractérisé en ce que le dispositif d'impression (14) comprend une partie (34) en forme de chambre qui est ouverte d'un côté (33), moyennant quoi le côté (33) ouvert de cette dernière peut être fermé hermétiquement par un support (13) présenté ou présent dans le dispositif d'impression (14), de telle manière que la partie (34) en forme de chambre forme une chambre fermée dans laquelle une pression peut être créée dans le but d'aider à appuyer le support (13) autour de l'objet (15).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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