PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1161348 16.02.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001161348
Titel MARKIERUNGSFOLIE UND VERBUNDMARKIERUNGSFOLIE
Anmelder Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, St. Paul, Minn., US
Erfinder MORI, Yutaka, Hachioji-city, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60022990
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 22.02.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 009135765
WO-Anmeldetag 22.02.2000
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/US00/04567
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000054980
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 21.09.2000
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 12.12.2001
EP date of grant 05.10.2005
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 16.02.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse B41M 3/12(2006.01)A, F, I, ,  ,  ,   
IPC-Nebenklasse B44C 1/17(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      B44C 1/10(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      

Beschreibung[en]
Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a marking film. More specifically, the invention relates to an improved marking film which can be transferred and adhered onto articles having rugged surfaces and steeply curved three-dimensional surfaces, favorably and with ease, without developing poor appearance caused by the entrapment of air bubbles at the ends of the film when an over-clear coating is applied onto the marking film. The invention also relates to a composite marking film comprising a combination of the marking film and the application film, exhibiting excellent effects of the marking film and enhancing the workability. The invention, therefore, can be advantageously used for adhering the marking film having a predetermined shape or ornament appeal (hereinafter referred to as "marking component") onto articles such as automobiles, motorcycles, etc. and onto any other articles.

Background

In order to assist the operation for transferring and adhering a marking film onto an article having curved surfaces and rugged portions, there have heretofore been used various types of transfer-assisting members called application films or application tapes. JP-A-6-51702 discloses an application tape which can be transferred onto a desired article by peeling an ornamental adhesive sheet of a predetermined shape off a peel member, the base member of the tape having a 2% modulus value of 3 to 4 kg/15 mm of width and an elongation percentage at breakage of not smaller than 50% when the tension speed is 0.2 m/min.

JP-A-7-138540 discloses an application film for a marking sheet having an adhesive layer formed on one surface of a base member of a thermoplastic resin and is used for applying a marking sheet, wherein the base member is more flexible than the marking sheet and has rich rubbery elasticity. Desirably, the base material of the application film is a soft vinyl chloride resin. Besides, the film desirably has a 10% modulus of 1.5 to 2.5 g/25 mm of width, a maximum elongation of 150 to 300% and a thickness of 50 to 100 µm. The adhesive layer has a thickness of 10 to 20 µm.

In recent years, however, it has been desired to stick the marking film onto ever steeply curved portions in the field of armoring such as, fuel tanks of motorcycles, fenders, etc. However, such requirements cannot be sufficiently met by the application films disclosed in the above-mentioned references. That is, on the portions of complex shapes such as fuel tanks, fenders, etc., the sticking operation must be carefully carried out so that wrinkles will not develop and air bubbles will not be entrapped, particularly, as the areas of such portions increase, resulting in a treat decrease in the sticking operation efficiency. In order to improve the efficiency of sticking operation, it can be contrived to decrease the thickness of the marking film to cope with various curved shapes or, in other words, to enhance the "ability for tracing curved surfaces". However, such a thin film is likely to be damaged during the work and, besides, loses the so-called "stiffness", deteriorating the workability, causing the positioning to become complex and often permitting the films to be adhered to each other during the work. Moreover, despite the operation is carefully done, wrinkles develop and air bubbles are inevitably entrapped. Besides, due to a complex shape of a portion where the film is to be stuck, the marking film after stuck is often damaged despite it was carefully stuck.

WO-A-96/11116 discloses a marking film having an adhesive coated on the surface of a film substrate, wherein the thickness of the film is 100 µm and the modulus of elasticity is 2 x 108 dyn/cm2 (see table 3, experiment 3.2 of that reference).

From NL-A-8 000 910 it is known to use an additional film (application film) for transferring a marker member onto a surface to which the marker member has to be applied.

Moreover, in order to further improve the ornamental appeal or to protect the marking film applied to the article from being rubbed or peeled, an over-clear coating is often applied onto the marking film. Here, a problem stems from a step formed at the end of the film. When the marking film is thick, air bubbles are entrapped in the stepped portions to deteriorate appearance. Or, it often becomes necessary to stick the marking film all over again.

Summay of the Invention

The present invention provides an improved marking film that is free from one or more of the above-mentioned problems inherent in the prior art. The present marking film can be transferred and adhered onto articles having rugged surfaces and steeply curved three-dimensional surfaces favorably and with ease. The present marking film does not cause the appearance to be deteriorated that stems from the entrapping of air bubbles at the ends of the film.

According to one aspect of the present invention, there is provided a marking film having a marking component to be transferred onto an article via an adhesive layer, wherein a total thickness of the marking film is in the range of from about 50µm to about 300 µm, and the modulus of elasticity thereof is in the range of from about 19.6 N/mm2 (2 kgf/mm2) to about 245 N/mm2 (25 kgf/mm2) as measured under a condition where the marking film is elongated at a tension speed of 300 mm/min. into an elongation percentage in the range of from 0 to about 10%.

According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a composite marking film comprising a marking film having a marking component to be transferred onto an article via an adhesive layer, and an application film used as a transfer-assisting member when the marking film is to be transferred onto the article, wherein the modulus of elasticity of the composite marking film is in the range of from about 19.6 N/mm2 (2 kgf/mm2) to about 274.4 N/mm2 (28 kgf/mm2) as measured under a condition where the composite marking film is elongated at a tension speed of 300 mm/min. into an elongation percentage in the range of from 0 to about 10%.

The present inventors have conducted study in an attempt to solve the problems of the conventional application films or of the marking films used in combination therewith, as described above in the Background section, have discovered the fact that the problems can be solved upon improving the marking film rather than the application film and, particularly, upon improving the properties of the marking film, and have thus completed the marking film of the present invention.

As a result of the study conducted thus far, the study group of the present inventors has accomplished an application film as disclosed in, for example, JP-A-10-287849. This application film is used as an intermediate transfer member when the marking member is to be adhered onto the article, and comprises a base member and an adhesive layer formed on one surface of the base member and can be adhered to the marking member, the base member having a 10% modulus strength of from 2.94 to 45.68 N (0.3 to 1.6 kgf) 25 mm, a 10% modulus stress of from 0.98 to 7.84 N/mm2 (0.1 to 0.8 kgf/mm2), a 100% modulus stress of from 6.86 to 24.5 N/mm2 (0.7 to 2.5 kgf/mm2), and a rate of change in the modulus stress of not smaller than 0.3 when measured at a tension speed of 200 mm/min. in compliance with the standards stipulated under Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS)-K7127. Owing to particular properties of the base member that is used, the application film exhibits flexibility, rubbery elasticity and stiffness which are well balanced, and can be advantageously used as an intermediate transfer member at the time when the marking member is to be adhered, particularly, onto steeply curved three-dimensional surfaces of the articles. In using the application film, the inventors have forwarded the study concerning which marking member or, in other words, which marking film would be effective when the article has steeply curved three-dimensional surfaces, and have discovered that the marking member having suitable degrees of flexibility and rubbery elasticity is desirable. According to the present invention, the thickness and the modulus of elasticity at an elongation percentage of from 0 to 10% of the marking film are limited to lie within particular ranges, making it possible to improve the ability for tracing the three-dimensional curved surfaces. Even when the marking film is accompanied by the application film, the modulus of elasticity of the whole film at an elongation percentage of from 0 to 10% is limited to lie within a particular range to obtain the same effect. In addition, according to the present invention, the degree of ability for tracing the curved surfaces can be easily estimated from a formula of a primary function as will be described later in detail. Upon imposing limitation on the thickness of the marking film, furthermore, the over-clear coating can be applied without causing any trouble after the marking film has been stuck. According to the application film disclosed in the above-mentioned JP-A-7-138540, it is essential to use a hard marking sheet having flexibility and rubbery elasticity inferior to those of the application film, which is contrary to those of the present invention.

Besides, the present inventors have discovered that the application film used in combination therewith plays an important role of maximizing the excellent action and effect exhibited by the marking film, and have completed the composite marking film of the present invention to obtain excellent effect stemming from the combination of the two films.

Brief Description of the Drawings

The invention will be described in greater detail referring to the drawings in which:

  • Fig. 1 is a sectional view illustrating a preferred marking film and a preferred composite marking film according to the present invention.
  • Fig. 2 is a sectional view illustrating an example where the marking film of the invention is stuck to an article having a curved surface and an over-clear coating is further applied thereon.
  • Fig. 3 is a graph plotting the relationships between the area ratios and the moduli of elasticity of the composite marking films.
  • Fig. 4 is a graph plotting the relationships among the combinations of the composite marking films, the area ratios and the moduli of elasticity.
  • Fig. 5 is a graph plotting the relationships between the combinations of the composite marking films and the moduli of elasticity.

Detailed Description

Figure 1 is a sectional view illustrating a preferred marking film according to the present invention and a preferred composite marking film including the marking film. For easy comprehension, this view illustrates the films on an enlarged scale.

A marking film 3 comprises a base member 1 and an adhesive layer 2 formed on one surface of the base member 1 and can be adhered to an article (not shown). Though not illustrated, it is desired that the surface of the adhesive layer 2 is provided with a peeling paper (release liner) to protect the layer until it is applied to the article, as is widely done in this field of art.

In the practice of the present invention, the marking film 3 has a total thickness (sum of the thicknesses of the base member 1 and the adhesive layer 2, or inclusive of the thickness of any additional layer) of from 50 to 300 µm. The marking film 3 has a modulus of elasticity in a range of from 19.6 to 245 N/mm2 (2 to 25 kgf/mm2) as measured under a condition where the marking film is elongated at a tension speed of 300 mm/min. into an elongation percentage of from 0 to 10%.

A composite marking film 10 is constituted by the marking film 3 and an application film 13 in combination. As shown, the application film 13 is constituted by a base member 11 and an adhesive layer 12 formed on one surface of the base member 11 and can be adhered onto the base member 1 of the marking film 3. In a step prior to forming the composite marking film 10 in combination with the marking film 3, it is desired that the application film 13 is provided with a peeling paper (release liner) applied onto the surface of the adhesive layer 12, as is generally done in this field of art. This is to avoid undesired adhesion with each other or with any other material when the application film 13 is to be preserved in the form of a roll or in any other form, or is to be stuck to the marking film 3.

The composite marking film 10 of the present invention has a modulus of elasticity in a range of from 19.6 to 274.4 N/mm2 (2 to 28 kgf/mm2) as measured under a condition where the composite marking film is elongated at a tension speed of 300 mm/min. into an elongation percentage of from 0 to 10%. It is desired that the composite marking film 10 has a thickness (total thickness of the marking film 3 and the application film 13, inclusive of the thickness of any additional layer) of from 110 to 350 µm.

The operation for adhering the above-mentioned marking film or the composite marking film onto an article is carried out according to a procedure that will be described below.

First, an application film comprising a base member and an adhesive layer is prepared. Next, a marking film comprising an ornamental film (base member) having an adhesive layer and a peeling paper applied to the side of the adhesive layer is prepared. The application film is stuck to the marking film surface without the adhesive layer in order to form a composite marking film of the present invention comprising the marking film and the application film as a unitary structure.

Next, the composite marking film is positioned on a predetermined portion of an article in a manner that the application film is on the upper side and is adhered via the adhesive layer of the ornamental film. According to the present invention, the composite marking film can be intimately adhered onto the surface of the article without developing wrinkles or entrapping air bubbles. After the composite marking film has been adhered, the application film is peeled off from the ornamental film of the marking film adhered onto the article. As a result, the ornamental film (marking film) 3 is obtained being intimately adhered onto the curved surface of the article 9 as shown in Fig. 2 which further illustrates an over-clear coating 4 that is subsequently applied. In this case, the occurrence of inconvenience such as entrapping of air bubbles has been prevented at an end of the ornamental film 3 indicated by an arrow A.

In the practice of the present invention, no particular limitation is imposed on the base members used for the marking film and the application film, provided the base members have flexibility required by the present invention. Suitable examples of the base member include soft vinyl chloride resin, urethane resin, polyolefin resin and polyester resin and, preferably, soft vinyl chloride resin and urethane resin, though the base member is not necessarily limited thereto only. The base members may be constituted by a single kind of the resin, or a laminated layer structure may be constituted by using two or more kinds of resins in combination.

The thicknesses of the base members can be widely changed depending upon the desired effect but must satisfy the above-mentioned requirements of thicknesses. As for the marking film, when no over-clear coating has been applied, the thickness of the base material is from 50 to 300 µm and, more desirably, from 50 to 250 µm inclusive of the thickness of the adhesive layer applied to the base member. When the thickness of the base member becomes smaller than 50 µm, the marking film loses stiffness, and the film as a whole becomes too soft when the peeling paper is peeled off from the marking film prior to being used. If desired, the thickness of the base member of the marking film may exceed the upper limit of the above-mentioned range.

Furthermore, the properties of the base member used for the marking film play an important role. That is, the base member used for the marking film must have a modulus of elasticity of from 19.6 to 245 N/mm2 (2 to 25 kgf/mm2) and, more preferably, from 19.6 to 49 N/mm2 (2 to 5 kgf/mm2) as measured under particular elongation conditions, i.e., as measured under a condition where the marking film is elongated at a tension speed of 300 mm/min. into an elongation percentage of from 0 to 10%. When the modulus of elasticity of the base member becomes not smaller than 245 N/mm2 (25 kgf/mm2), the flexibility becomes insufficient and the ability for adopting the three-dimensional curved surfaces is deteriorated. When the modulus of elasticity of the base member is smaller than 19.6 N/mm2 (2 kgf/mm2), on the other hand, the rubbery elasticity becomes insufficient, and wrinkles develop on the outer periphery of the marking film. It is desired that the base member has a maximum elongation of at least 200% so that the application film used in combination therewith can be elongated to a sufficient degree.

Similarly, an important role is played by the thickness and properties of the marking film accompanied by the application film, i.e., of the composite marking film. That is, it is desired that the composite marking film has a thickness of from 110 to 350 µm and, more preferably, from 180 to 300 µm. When the thickness of the composite marking film becomes smaller than 110 µm, there occurs inconvenience such as lack of stiffness of the composite marking film. When the thickness of the composite marking film becomes larger than 350 µm, on the other hand, the stress increases too much in the film, and the ability for adopting the curved surfaces and the operability are deteriorated.

It is essential that the composite marking film has a modulus of elasticity of from 19.6 to 274.4 N/mm2 (2 to 28 kgf/mm2) and, more preferably, from 39.2 to 137.2 N/mm2 (4 to 14 kgf/mm2) as measured under the same elongation conditions as those for the above-mentioned marking film. When the modulus of elasticity of the base member becomes larger than 274.4 N/mm2 (28 kgf/mm2), the flexibility is lost and ability for adopting the three-dimensional curved surfaces is deteriorated. When the modulus of elasticity of the base member becomes smaller than 19.6 N/mm2 (2 kgf/mm2), on the other hand, the rubbery elasticity becomes insufficient and wrinkles easily develop when the composite marking film is adhered to the article. It is desired that the application film used for the composite marking film has a maximum elongation of at least 200% so that the marking film can be elongated to a sufficient degree depending upon a variety kinds of articles.

Concerning the evaluation of ability for adopting the curved surfaces, furthermore, the present inventors have discovered, through experiment, that it can be easily judged which combination of the marking film and the application film, i.e., which composite marking film would offer satisfactory ability for tracing the curved surfaces without really sticking the film.

A number of marking films and application films are prepared and are arbitrarily combined together to prepare marking films accompanied by an application film, i.e., to prepare composite marking films. The area of a reference composite marking film is denoted by "1", and ratios of areas of the sample composite marking films thereto (referred to as "area ratios") f(x) and moduli of elasticity (x) of the composite marking films are found for each of the composite marking films. Then, relationships between the moduli of elasticity and the area ratios are plotted on a graph for each of the composite marking films, and it is learned that there exists a relationship represented by a primary regression curve between them as expressed by the following formula (1), f(x) = -0.076x + 4.13

Here, favorable ability for adopting the curved surfaces is obtained when f(x) is 2 or larger and, more preferably, when f(x) is 3 or larger.

When the thickness of the application film is denoted by t1, modulus of elasticity thereof by m1, thickness of the marking film by t2 and the modulus of elasticity thereof by m2, the modulus of elasticity (x) of the composite marking film can be expressed by the following formula (2), x = m1 x t1/(t1 + t2) + m2 x t2/(t1 + t2)

Thus, the composite marking film of which combination would offer excellent ability for adopting the curved surfaces can be judged easily, precisely and highly reliably provided the thicknesses and moduli of elasticity of the marking film and the application film have been known without the need of conducting the evaluation testing by really sticking the marking films. The fact that it becomes possible to evaluate the degree of ability for adopting the three-dimensional curved surfaces is an innovative discovery.

There is no particular limitation on the adhesive layer applied onto one surface or, as required, onto both surfaces of the base members of the marking film and the application film. Therefore, any adhesive agent can be used as is generally done in this field of art to form the adhesive layer maintaining any desired thickness relying upon an application method that is customarily used. Suitable examples of the adhesive agent may include an acrylic adhesive agent comprising, mainly, a butyl acrylate that has heretofore been used, a rubber-type adhesive agent comprising, mainly a styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) and the like, an urethane-type adhesive agent, a silicone-type adhesive agent, a vinyl acetate-type adhesive agent, and the like agents. The thickness of the adhesive layer formed by applying these adhesive agents can be widely changed but is, usually, in a range of from 10 to 40 µm and, more preferably, from 15 to 30 µm.

The adhesive strengths of the adhesive layers, i.e., the adhesive strength of the application film relative to the marking film and the adhesive strength of the marking film relative to the article, can be suitably selected by taking into consideration a variety of factors such as base materials, materials of the marking film and the application film, and environment in which the sticking operation is carried out. The adhesive strength of the application film relative to the marking film is generally over a range of from 0.008 to 7.84 N (10 to 800 gf) 25 mm as measured in compliance with the standards stipulated under JIS-20237. In the final step of operation, the application film must be peeled off from the marking film. Therefore, the adhesive strength must not be greater than the adhesive strength of the marking film relative to the article. Preferably, furthermore, the adhesive strength of the marking film relative to the article is in a range of from 4.9 to 39.2 N (0.5 to 4.0 kgf) 25 mm as measured in compliance with the standards stipulated under JIS-Z0237.

As briefly described earlier, it is desired that the adhesive layers of the application film and the marking film are protected by peeling papers until these films are used. There is no particular limitation on the peeling papers used here, and it is allowed to use any peeling paper that has generally been used in this field of art. Suitable examples of the peeling paper include woven or nonwoven fabric, paper, or plastic sheet that has been treated so as to be parted. Furthermore, suitable examples of the parting agent include a silicone-type parting agent and the like agent.

In general, the marking film is applied with a coloring layer containing an ink to produce ornamental appeal or with a transparent resin layer (so-called clear layer) in order to impart luster or to improve adhesiveness of the over-clear coating. In this case, too, any kind of ink or transparent resin can be used provided it has properties lying within ranges contemplated by the present invention. Suitable examples of the ink include those of the urethane type, acrylic type and vinyl chloride type. Suitable examples of the transparent resin include those of the urethane type, acrylic type and fluorine type. There is no particular limitation on the thicknesses of the coloring layer and the clear layer. Generally, however, the thicknesses of these layers lie in a range of from 5 to 40 µm and, more preferably, in a range of from 5 to 20 µm.

The marking film can be used in such applications as being stuck to a fuel tank of a motorcycle having a three-dimensional curved surface. After the marking film is stuck, in this case, the surface of the fuel tank inclusive of the marking film may often be covered with the over-clear coating. The over-clear coating works to protect the marking film from being peeled off or rubbed and to further improve the ornamental appeal. Here, when the marking film is too thick, air bubbles are entrapped at the ends of the film impairing the appearance. When the over-clear coating is applied, therefore, it is desired that the thickness of the marking film is not larger than 120 µm and, more preferably, not larger than 100 µm.

Examples

The invention will now be described by way of working examples. Here, however, it should be noted that the invention is in no way limited to these examples only.

Example 1

Two kinds of application films AP1 and AP2 were prepared according to the procedure described below.

Application Film 1 (AP1):

Application tape "Tape #331 (production lot No. 33080326)" having a base member of a vinyl chloride resin film that is commercially available from Sumitomo 3M Co.

The base member of this film is the one prepared by adding 33 parts by weight of dioctyl phthalate (as a plasticizer) and 2 parts by weight of an epoxylated soybean oil (as a stabilizer) to 100 parts by weight of a vinyl chloride resin, and subjecting the mixture into the calender molding so as to acquire a thickness of 68 µm. The adhesive layer is formed by uniformly applying an acrylic adhesive agent comprising mainly a butyl acrylate onto one surface of the base member maintaining a thickness of 7 µm.

Application Film 2 (AP2):

Commercially available under the trade name "SCT1010J" from Sumitomo 3M Co.; Prepared by adding 33 Parts by weight of dioctyl phthalate (as a plasticizer), 15 parts by weight of a polyester-type plasticizer and 2 parts by weight of an epoxylated soybean oil (as a stabilizer) to 100 parts by weight of a vinyl chloride resin. The obtained mixture was calender-molded to prepare a vinyl chloride resin film having a thickness of 100 µm. Then, an acrylic adhesive agent comprising mainly a butyl acrylate was uniformly applied maintaining a thickness of 15 µm onto one surface of the obtained vinyl chloride resin film.

Example 2

Five kinds of marking films MK1, MK2, MK3, MK4 and MK5 were prepared according to the procedure described below.

Marking Film 1 (MK1):

"Scotchcal™ 3650" film commercially available from Sumitomo 3M Co. This marking film uses a relatively hard soft vinyl chloride resin as a base member and has a thickness of 50 µm. The adhesive layer is formed by uniformly applying an acrylic adhesive comprising mainly a 2-methylbutyl acrylate maintaining a thickness of 30 µm onto one surface of the base member.

Marking Film 2 (MK2):

"Scotchcal™ CS-206 F02" film commercially available from Sumitomo 3M Co. This marking film uses a slightly flexible soft vinyl chloride resin as a base member and has a thickness of 106 µm. The adhesive layer is formed by uniformly applying an acrylic adhesive comprising mainly a 2-methylbutyl acrylate maintaining a thickness of 35 µm onto one surface of the base member.

Marking Film 3 (MK3):

"Scotchcal™ OT-305W" film commercially available from Sumitomo 3M Co. This marking film uses a flexible soft urethane resin as a base member and has a thickness of 30 µm. The adhesive layer is formed by uniformly applying an acrylic adhesive comprising mainly a butyl acrylate maintaining a thickness of 20 µm onto one surface of the base member.

Marking Film 4 (MK4):

"Scotchcal™ PU-295T" film commercially available from Sumitomo 3M Co. This marking film uses a soft and rubbery elastic urethane resin as a base member and has a thickness of 140 µm. The adhesive layer is formed by uniformly applying an acrylic adhesive comprising mainly a butyl acrylate maintaining a thickness of 40 µm onto one surface of the base member.

Marking Film 5 (MK5):

Commercially available under the trade name "GMW8000J" from Sumitomo 3M Co.; Prepared by adding 0.9 Equivalents of an isophoron diisocyanate and 0.2 equivalents of a hexamethylene diisocyanate to a polycarbonate-type polyol (OHV = 14.7) to prepare a coating solution. The thus obtained coating solution was formed into a thin film by bar coating and were heated and cured. There was obtained a rubbery elastic urethane resin film having a thickness of 70 µm. Then, an acrylic adhesive comprising mainly a butyl acrylate was uniformly applied maintaining a thickness of 30 µm onto one surface of the obtained urethane resin film.

Example 3

In order to evaluate the properties of the marking film and the composite marking film of the present invention, experiments were conducted according to a procedure described below. The moduli of elasticity of the films were measured under a condition where the films were elongated at a tension speed of 300 mm/min into an elongation percentage of 0 to 10%.

Experiment 1

The application films prepared in Example 1 were stuck to the marking films prepared in Example 2 and were intimately adhered thereto to a sufficient degree., The films were combined together in a manner as shown in Table 1. The obtained composite marking films were cut into circles having diameters of from 50 to 150 mm maintaining a difference of 10 mm relative to one another. Peeling papers of the marking films were peeled off from the circular films, and the marking films were stuck to spheres (made of an acrylic resin) having a diameter of 150 mm by using a squeeze. It became difficult to stick the circular films onto the spheres as the diameter of the circular films increased. Table 1 shows critical points (maximum diameters of the circular films that can be stuck) at where the operation efficiency for sticking the circular films of the composite marking films decreases and wrinkles start developing together with the area ratios of when the area of a reference composite marking film (combination of AP1 and MKl) is set to be "1". Table 1 further shows moduli of elasticity measured from the composite marking films. application film marking film max. diameter (mm) area ratio elasticity N/mm2 kgf/mm2 AP1 MK1 60 1 450.8 46 AP1 MK2 70 1.36 246 25.1 AP1 MK3 80 1.78 348.9 35.6 AP1 MK4 110 3.36 115.6 11.8 AP1 MK5 100 2.78 175.4 17.9 AP2 MK1 80 1.78 275.4 28.1 AP2 MK2 100 2.78 167.6 17.1 AP2 MK3 90 2.25 200.9 20.5 AP2 MK4 120 4 56.8 5.8 AP2 MK5 120 4 49.9 5.1

As will be obvious from the results of Table 1, use of the marking film and the composite marking film of the present invention makes it possible to improve the operation for sticking the marking film and to prevent the occurrence of defects such as wrinkles compared with when the conventional marking films are used.

From the results of Table 1, furthermore, a graph shown in Fig. 3 is obtained by plotting relationships between the area ratios and the moduli of elasticity. From these results, the relationships between the area ratios and the moduli of elasticity can be expressed by a primary function as given by the following formula (1), f(x) = -0.076x + 4.13    where f(x) is a ratio of the area of a reference composite marking film that is regarded to be "1" to the area of a sample composite marking film, and x is a modulus of elasticity of a composite marking film. This formula makes it possible to judge the composite marking film of which combination will offer excellent ability for tracing the curved surfaces easily, highly precisely and highly reliably provided the thicknesses and the moduli of elasticity of the marking film and the application film have been known without conducting the evaluation testing by really sticking the marking film.

Based upon the results of Table 1, furthermore, the inventors have rearranged the relationships between the moduli of elasticity and the area ratios of the marking films concerning different composite marking films (combinations of marking films and application films), and have obtained the results as shown in Table 2 and a graph as plotted in Fig. 4. In Fig. 4, graphs I represent area ratios of when AP1 is used, graphs II represent area ratios of when AP2 is used, and a graph III represents the modulus of elasticity. marking film area ratio (using AP1) area ratio (using AP2) elasticity N/mm2 kgf/mm2 MK1 1 1 608.2 62.06 MK3 1.78 1.26 493.7 50.38 MK2 1.36 1.56 242.1 24.71 MK5 2.78 2.25 33.0 3.37 MK4 3.36 2.25 24.2 2.47

From these results, it will be understood that the area of the marking film of the present invention that can be stuck increases with a decrease in the modulus of elasticity of the marking film irrespective of the kind of the application film.

Experiment 2

The procedure of the above Experiment 1 was repeated. In this experiment, however, the moduli of elasticity of the application films and the marking films as well as the moduli of elasticity of the composite marking films were measured as shown in Table 3. Furthermore, the moduli of elasticity (x) of the composite marking films were calculated in compliance with the following formula (2), x = m1 x t1/(t1 + t2) + m2 x t2/(t1 + t2)

In the above formula, t1 is the thickness of the application film, m1 is the modulus of elasticity thereof, t2 is the thickness of the marking film and m2 is the modulus of elasticity thereof. The measured results and the calculated results are shown in Table 3 and in Fig. 5. In Fig. 5, F denotes measured moduli of elasticity and C denotes calculated moduli of elasticity. application film elasticity of application film marking film elasticity of marking film elasticity (found) elasticity (calculated) N/mm2 kgf/mm2 N/mm2 kgf/mm2 AP1 30.89 MK1 62.06 450.8 46 460.6 47 AP1 30.89 MK2 24.71 246 25.1 263.6 26.9 AP1 30.89 MK3 50.38 348.9 35.6 379.3 38.7 AP1 30.89 MK4 2.47 115.6 11.8 123.5 12.6 AP1 30.89 MK5 3.37 175.4 17.9 149 15.2 AP2 7.07 MK1 62.06 275.4 28.1 296 30.2 AP2 7.07 MK2 24.71 167.6 17.1 166.6 17 AP2 7.07 MK3 50.38 200.9 20.5 201.9 20.6 AP2 7.07 MK4 2.47 56.8 5.8 51.9 5.3 AP2 7.07 MK5 3.37 49.9 5.1 41.2 4.2

From these results, it can be understood that in the case of the composite marking films of the present invention, the ability for tracing the curved surfaces can be estimated provided the moduli of elasticity and thicknesses of the application films and the marking films have been known without the need of really combining the two films together to prepare composite marking films and without really sticking the composite marking films.

Experiment 3

Experiment was conducted according to the following procedure in order to evaluate the adaptability of the over-clear coating to the marking film of when the over-clear coating is applied onto the marking film.

As an article (base member to which the marking film is to be stuck), there was provided a plate coated with melamine white of Paltech Co. The marking films MK1 to MK5 (measuring 50 mm x 50 mm) prepared in Example 2 above were stuck onto the articles together with the application film AP1 prepared in Example 1 above with pressure. A squeeze was used to assist the sticking operation.

After the sticking operation has been completed, the application film AP 1 was peeled off the marking films which were then left to stand at room temperature for 48 hours. Then, the over-clear coating material (a blend of "Beamcoat No. 1500 Clear HM" and a high-urethane curing agent "HL-M" manufactured by Nippon Yushi Co. at a ratio of 5:1) was sprayed onto the whole article inclusive of the surface of the marking film so as to form a film having a dry thickness of 60 µm followed by drying. After the over-clear coating has been applied, the appearance of the marking films was observed by eyes, and the results were obtained as shown in Table 4. marking film film thickness (µm) appearance MK3 50 no problem MK1 80 no problem MK5 100 no problem MK2 140 bubbles in film edge MK4 180 bubbles in film edge

From the results of Table 4, it will be understood that air bubbles are entrapped to deteriorate the appearance of the over-clear coating when the thickness of the marking film becomes great.

As described above, the marking film of the present invention can be easily stuck even onto rugged portions or steeply curved three-dimensional surfaces such as fuel tanks, fenders, etc. without accompanied by defects such as occurrence of wrinkles or entrapping of air bubbles, maintaining very favorable operation efficiency. Even when the over-clear coating is applied after the marking film has been stuck, there does not occur such inconvenience as entrapping of air bubbles at the ends of the film. Moreover, the composite marking film of the present invention which is stiff can be stuck favorably facilitating the positioning operation and avoiding such an inconvenience that the films adhere together during the operation. Furthermore, the composite marking film of the present invention avoids the probability of being damaged after it has been stuck.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) zum Übertragen einer Markierungskomponente auf einen Gegenstand, aufweisend:
    • einen Applizierfilm (13), der ein erstes Basiselement (11) und eine erste Haftklebeschicht (12) auf einer äußeren Fläche des ersten Basiselements (11) aufweist, und
    • eine Markierungsfolie (3) mit einer ersten außenliegenden Fläche, die entfernbar an die erste Klebeschicht (12) des Applizierfilms (13) geklebt ist, wobei die Markierungsfolie (3) ein zweites Basiselement (1) und eine zweite Haftklebeschicht (2) auf einer äußeren Fläche des zweiten Basiselements (1) aufweist, wobei die zweite Haftklebeschicht (2) eine zweite außenliegende Fläche der Markierungsfolie (3) bildet,
    • wobei der Elastizitätsmodul der Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) im Bereich von 19,6 N/mm2 (2 kgf/mm2) bis 274,4 N/mm2 (28 kgf/mm2) liegt, gemessen unter der Bedingung, dass die Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) mit einer Zuggeschwindigkeit von 300 mm/min. auf eine prozentuale Dehnung im Bereich von 0 bis 10 % gedehnt wird, und
    • wobei die Haftfestigkeit der zweiten Haftklebeschicht (2) größer als die Haftfestigkeit der ersten Haftklebeschicht (12) ist.
  2. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) eine Gesamtdicke im Bereich von 110 µm bis 350 µm hat.
  3. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Haftfestigkeit der zweiten Haftklebeschicht (2) 4,9 bis 39,2 N (0,5 bis 4,0 kgf)/25 mm beträgt und die Haftfestigkeit der ersten Haftklebeschicht (12) 0,008 bis 7,84 N (10 bis 800 gf)/25 mm beträgt.
  4. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3 in Kombination mit einem Gegenstand (9), wobei die Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) mittels der zweiten Haftklebeschicht (2) an dem Gegenstand (9)haftet.
  5. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Markierungsfolie (3) an einem unebenen Abschnitt oder einer stark gekrümmten dreidimensionalen Fläche des Gegenstands (9)haftet.
  6. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei der Gegenstand (9) den Kraftstofftank eines Motorrads oder einen Kotflügel aufweist.
  7. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die ersten und zweiten Basiselemente (11, 1) jeweils unabhängig Vinylchloridharz, Urethanharz, Polyolefinharz, Polyesterharz oder eine Kombination davon aufweisen; und die ersten und zweiten Klebeschichten (12, 2) jeweils unabhängig ein Butylacrylat, ein 2-Methylbutylacrylat, einen Styrol-Butadien-Kautschuk, einen Urethankleber, einen Silikonkleber oder einen Vinylacetatkleber aufweisen.
  8. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei das erste Basiselement (11) Vinylchloridharz aufweist; das zweite Basiselement (1) Vinylchloridharz oder Urethanharz aufweist; die erste Klebeschicht (12) ein Butylacrylat aufweist; und die zweite Klebeschicht (2) ein Butylacrylat oder ein 2-Methylbutylacrylat aufweist.
  9. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei das zweite Basiselement (1) eine maximale Dehnung von mindestens 200 % hat.
  10. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, wobei die Markierungsfolie (3) eine Gesamtdicke im Bereich von 50 µm bis 300 µm hat.
  11. Verbundmarkierungsfolie (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, die ferner einen Ablöseliner auf der zweiten Haftklebeschicht (2) aufweist.
  12. Markierungsfolie (3) mit einer mittels einer Klebeschicht auf einen Gegenstand zu transferierenden Markierungskomponente, wobei die Markierungsfolie (3) ein Basiselement (1) und eine Haftklebeschicht (2) auf einer äußeren Fläche des Basiselements (1) aufweist, wobei die Haftklebeschicht (2) eine gleichförmige Klebeschichtdicke im Bereich von 10 bis 40 µm hat, die Markierungsfolie (3) eine Gesamtdicke im Bereich von 50 µm bis 300 µm und einen Elastizitätsmodul im Bereich von 19,6 N/mm2 (2 kgf/mm2) bis 245 N/mm2 (25 kgf/mm2) hat, gemessen unter der Bedingung, dass die Markierungsfolie (3) mit einer Zuggeschwindigkeit von 300 mm/min. auf eine prozentuale Dehnung im Bereich von 0 bis 10 % gedehnt wird.
  13. Markierungsfolie nach Anspruch 12, wobei das Basiselement (1) Vinylchloridharz, Urethanharz, Polyolefinharz, Polyesterharz oder eine Kombination davon aufweist; und die Klebeschicht (2) ein Butylacrylat, ein 2-Methylbutylacrylat, einen Styrol-Butadien-Kautschuk, einen Urethankleber, einen Silikonkleber oder einen Vinylacetatkleber aufweist.
  14. Gegenstand (9), an dem eine Markierungsfolie (3) nach Anspruch 13 befestigt ist, wobei die Markierungsfolie (3) mittels der Haftklebeschicht (2) an den Gegenstand (9) geklebt ist.
  15. Gegenstand (9) nach Anspruch 14, wobei die Markierungsfolie (3) an einen unebenen Abschnitt oder eine stark gekrümmte dreidimensionale Fläche des Gegenstands (9) geklebt ist.
  16. Gegenstand (9) nach Anspruch 14 oder 15, wobei der Gegenstand (9) den Kraftstofftank eines Motorrads oder einen Kotflügel aufweist.
  17. Gegenstand (9) nach Anspruch 14 oder 15, der ferner eine Färbungsschicht oder transparente Harzschicht gegenüber der Haftklebeschicht (2) aufweist.
  18. Gegenstand (9) nach einem der Ansprüche 14 bis 17, der ferner eine klare Deckbeschichtungsschicht (4) gegenüber der Haftklebeschicht (2) aufweist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A composite marking film (10) for transferring a marking component to an article, comprising:
    • an application film (13) comprising a first base member (11) and a first pressure sensitive adhesive layer (12) on an outer surface of the first base member (11), and
    • a marking film (3) having a first outermost surface removably adhered to the first adhesive layer (12) of the application film (13), wherein the marking film (3) comprises a second base member (1) and a second pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2) on an outer surface of the second base member (1), wherein the second pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2) forms a second outermost surface of the marking film (3),
    • wherein the modulus of elasticity of the composite marking film (10) is in the range of from 19.6 N/mm2 (2 kgf/mm2) to 274.4 N/mm2 (28 kgf/mm2) as measured under a condition where the composite marking film (10) is elongated at a tension speed of 300 mm/min. into an elongation percentage in the range of from 0 to 10%, and
    • wherein the adhesive strength of the second pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2) is greater than the adhesive strength of the first pressure sensitive adhesive layer (12).
  2. The composite marking film (10) according to claim 1, wherein the composite marking film (10) has an overall thickness in the range of from 110 µm to 350 µm.
  3. The composite marking film (10) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the adhesive strength of the second pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2) is from 4.9 to 39.2 N (0.5 to 4.0 kgf)/25 mm, and the adhesive strength of the first pressure sensitive adhesive layer (12) is from 0.008 to 7.84 N (10 to 800 gf)/25 mm.
  4. The composite marking film (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, in combination with an article (9), wherein said composite marking film (10) is adhered to said article (9) via said second pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2).
  5. The composite marking film (10) according to claim 4, wherein said marking film (3) is adhered onto a rugged portion or steeply curved three-dimensional surface of said article (9).
  6. The composite marking film (10) according to claim 4 or 5, wherein said article (9) comprises a motorcycle fuel tank or a fender.
  7. The composite marking film (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein said first arid second base members (11,1) each independently comprise vinyl chloride resin, urethane resin, polyolefin resin, polyester resin, or a combination thereof; and said first and second adhesive layers (12,2) each independently comprise a butyl acrylate, a 2-methylbutyl acrylate, a styrene-butadiene rubber, a urethane adhesive agent, a silicone adhesive agent, or a vinyl acetate adhesive agent.
  8. The composite marking film (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein said first base member (11) comprises vinyl chloride resin; said second base member (1) comprises vinyl chloride resin or urethane resin; said first adhesive layer (12) comprises a butyl acrylate; and said second adhesive layer (2) comprises a butyl acrylate or a 2-methylbutyl acrylate.
  9. The composite marking film (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein said second base member (1) has a maximum elongation of at least 200%.
  10. The composite marking film (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein said marking film (3) has a total thickness in the range of from 50 µm to 300 µm.
  11. The composite marking film (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 10, further comprising a release liner on the second pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2).
  12. A marking film (3) having a marking component to be transferred onto an article via an adhesive layer, wherein the marking film (3) comprises a base member (1) and a pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2) on an outer surface of the base member (1), wherein the pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2) has a uniform adhesive layer thickness ranging from 10 to 40 µm, said marking film (3) having a total thickness in the range of from 50 µm to 300 µm, and a modulus of elasticity in the range of from 19.6 N/mm2 (2 kgf/mm2) to 245 N/mm2 (25 kgf/mm2) as measured under a condition where the marking film (3) is elongated at a tension speed of 300 mm/min. into an elongation percentage in the range of from 0 to 10%.
  13. The marking film according to claim 12, wherein said base member (1) comprises vinyl chloride resin, urethane resin, polyolefin resin, polyester resin, or a combination thereof; and said adhesive layer (2) comprises a butyl acrylate, a 2-methylbutyl acrylate, a styrene-butadiene rubber, a urethane adhesive agent, a silicone adhesive agent, or a vinyl acetate adhesive agent.
  14. An article (9) having attached hereto a marking film (3) according to claim 13, wherein said marking film (3) is adhered to said article (9) via said pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2).
  15. The article (9) according to claim 14, wherein said marking film (3) is adhered onto a rugged portion or steeply curved three-dimensional surface of said article (9).
  16. The article (9) according to claim 14 or 15, wherein said article (9) comprises a motorcycle fuel tank or a fender.
  17. The article (9) according to claim 14 or 15, further comprising a coloring layer or transparent resin layer opposite the pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2).
  18. The article (9) according to any one of claims 14 to 17, further comprising an over-clear coating layer (4) opposite the pressure sensitive adhesive layer (2).
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Film de marquage composite (10) pour le transfert d'un composant de marquage à un article, comprenant :
    • un film d'application (13) comprenant un premier élément de base (11) et une première couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (12) sur une surface externe du premier élément de base (11), et
    • un film de marquage (3) comportant une première surface externe collée de façon amovible sur la première couche d'adhésif (12) du film d'application (13), dans lequel le film de marquage (3) comprend un deuxième élément de base (1) et une deuxième couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2) sur une surface externe du deuxième élément de base (1), dans lequel la deuxième couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2) forme une deuxième surface externe du film de marquage (3),
    • dans lequel le module d'élasticité du film de marquage composite (10) est entre 19,6 N/mm2 (2 kgf/mm2) et 274,4 N/mm2 (28 kgf/mm2), mesuré dans une condition où le film de marquage composite (10) est allongé à une vitesse de tension de 300 mm/min, jusqu'à un pourcentage d'allongement entre 0 et 10 %, et
    • dans lequel la force d'adhésion de la deuxième couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2) est supérieure à la force d'adhésion de la première couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (12).
  2. Film de marquage composite (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le film de marquage composite (10) a une épaisseur totale comprise entre 110 µm et 350 µm.
  3. Film de marquage composite (10) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la force d'adhésion de la deuxième couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2) est entre 4,9 et 39,2 N (entre 0,5 et 4,0 kgf)/25 mm, et la force d'adhésion de la première couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (12) est entre 0,008 et 7,84 N (entre 10 et 800 gf)/25 mm.
  4. Film de marquage composite (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, en combinaison avec un article (9), dans lequel ledit film de marquage composite (10) est collé sur ledit article (9) via ladite deuxième couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2).
  5. Film de marquage composite (10) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit film de marquage (3) est collé sur une partie inégale ou sur une surface tridimensionnelle très courbée dudit article (9).
  6. Film de marquage composite (10) selon la revendication 4 ou 5, dans lequel ledit article (9) comprend un réservoir de carburant d'une motocyclette ou une aile d'un véhicule.
  7. Film de marquage composite (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel lesdits premier et deuxième éléments de base (11, 1) comprennent chacun indépendamment une résine de chlorure de vinyle, une résine d'uréthane, une résine polyoléfinique, une résine de polyester, ou une combinaison de celles-ci, et lesdites première et deuxième couches d'adhésif (12, 2) comprennent chacune indépendamment un acrylate de butyle, un acrylate de 2-méthylbutyle, un caoutchouc styrène-butadiène, un agent adhésif à base d'uréthane, un agent adhésif à base de silicone, ou un agent adhésif à base d'acétate de vinyle.
  8. Film de marquage composite (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel ledit premier élément de base (11) comprend une résine de chlorure de vinyle ; ledit deuxième élément de base (1) comprend une résine de chlorure de vinyle ou une résine d'uréthane ; ladite première couche d'adhésif (12) comprend un acrylate de butyle ; et ladite deuxième couche d'adhésif (2) comprend un acrylate de butyle ou un acrylate de 2-méthylbutyle.
  9. Film de marquage composite (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel ledit deuxième élément de base (1) a un allongement maximum d'au moins 200 %.
  10. Film de marquage composite (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, dans lequel ledit film de marquage (3) a une épaisseur totale comprise entre 50 µm et 300 µm.
  11. Film de marquage composite (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, comprenant en outre une doublure anti-adhésive sur la deuxième couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2).
  12. Film de marquage (3) comportant un composant de marquage à transférer sur un article via une couche d'adhésif, dans lequel le film de marquage (3) comprend un élément de base (1) et une couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2) sur une surface externe de l'élément de base (1), dans lequel la couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2) a une épaisseur de couche d'adhésif uniforme entre 10 et 40 µm, ledit film de marquage (3) ayant une épaisseur totale comprise entre 50 µm et 300 µm, et un module d'élasticité entre 19,6 N/mm2 (2 kgf/mm2) et 245 N/mm2 (25 kgf/mm2), mesuré dans une condition où le film de marquage (3) est allongé à une vitesse de tension de 300 mm/min, jusqu'à un pourcentage d'allongement compris entre 0 et 10 %.
  13. Film de marquage selon la revendication 12, dans lequel ledit élément de base (1) comprend une résine de chlorure de vinyle, une résine d'uréthane, une résine polyoléfinique, une résine de polyester, ou une combinaison de celles-ci ; et ladite couche d'adhésif (2) comprend un acrylate de butyle, un acrylate de 2-méthylbutyle, un caoutchouc styrène-butadiène, un agent adhésif à base d'uréthane, un agent adhésif à base de silicone ou un agent adhésif à base d'acétate de vinyle.
  14. Article (9) auquel est fixé un film de marquage (3) selon la revendication 13, dans lequel ledit film de marquage (3) est collé sur ledit article (9) via ladite couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2).
  15. Article (9) selon la revendication 14, dans lequel ledit film de marquage (3) est collé sur une partie inégale ou sur une surface tridimensionnelle très courbée dudit article (9).
  16. Article (9) selon la revendication 14 ou 15, dans lequel ledit article (9) comprend un réservoir de carburant d'une motocyclette ou une aile d'un véhicule.
  17. Article (9) selon la revendication 14 ou 15, comprenant en outre une couche de coloration ou une couche de résine transparente située de façon opposée à la couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2).
  18. Article (9) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 14 à 17, comprenant en outre une couche de revêtement transparente (4) située de façon opposée à la couche d'adhésif sensible à la pression (2).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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