PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0971077 23.02.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000971077
Titel SCHUTZDECKEL FÜR EINE BAUMASCHINE
Anmelder Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho, Kobe, Hyogo, JP
Erfinder MIYACHI, Isao, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima-ken 731-0138, JP;
SAKITANI, Sintaro, Hiroshima-shi, Hiroshima-ken 731-0138, JP
Vertreter TBK-Patent, 80336 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 69831863
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 25.12.1998
EP-Aktenzeichen 989615869
WO-Anmeldetag 25.12.1998
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/JP98/05942
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0099034064
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 08.07.1999
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 12.01.2000
EP date of grant 12.10.2005
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.02.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse E02F 9/00(2006.01)A, F, I, ,  ,  ,   
IPC-Nebenklasse E02F 9/08(2006.01)A, L, I, ,  ,  ,      

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF ART

The present invention relates to a guard cover for a construction machine and more particularly a guard cover for protecting devices to be subjected to inspection or servicing which devices are gathered on a revolving frame as a base of a rotatable superstructure in a construction machine such as a hydraulic excavator, the guard cover being constructed so as to be opened at the time of inspection, repair and maintenance.

BACKGROUND ART

In a construction machine such as a hydraulic excavator, various devices and pipes are disposed on a revolving frame of a rotatable superstructure, such as hydraulic actuators for actuating a front attachment and a lower carriage, a hydraulic pump for supplying a hydraulic oil to each of the actuators, and an engine unit for actuating the hydraulic pump. These devices and associated pipes are protected by a bonnet.

A guard cover capable of being opened vertically through a hinge is mounted at a front part of the revolving frame which is positioned sideways of a boom support portion of the front attachment and on the side opposite to a cabin.

Inside the guard cover are disposed such devices as control valve for controlling the flow rate and direction of hydraulic oil to be fed to each hydraulic actuator, operation pattern change-over valve for changing over from one correlation to another between the operating direction of an operating lever and a hydraulic actuator operated thereby, filter, hydraulic oil tank, fuel tank, and battery.

These devices are usually gathered in one place for ease of work at the time of start-up of the machine or for convenience to servicing, including repair and maintenance. For example, inspection works such as inspection of the amount of oil in the fuel tank, inspection of the amount of hydraulic oil, and inspection of the battery, as well as the operation of the operation pattern change-over valve, are performed mainly by the operator of the hydraulic excavator.

On the other hand, servicing works such as checking oil leakage of the control valve, hydraulic oil tank and hose, and additional clamping of a pipe portion mounted to the control valve, are performed mainly by a serviceman sent from a manufacturing company of the hydraulic excavator. Thus, the works carried out with the guard cover open are classified into the inspection works performed by the operator of the hydraulic excavator and the servicing works performed by a serviceman.

However, according to the structure of a conventional guard cover, the operator or serviceman is required to perform inspection or servicing of various devices while looking into the interior from an opening which is formed by opening the guard cover upward. This gives rise to the problem that the working efficiency is low.

In the case of a guard cover as a constituent of an outer shell of a rotatable superstructure, which guard cover is formed integrally in an inverted U shape in section from an upper surface toward both side faces of the outer shell, the whole of the guard cover, which is bulky, must be opened even when inspection alone is to be conducted. Besides, in such a bulky guard cover, a support frame for supporting the guard cover must be extended from the revolving frame of the rotatable superstructure and it has so far been an obstacle to the inspection or servicing work.

US-A-5 634 525 discloses a rear hinged pivotable hood for enclosing a tractor engine in which access, between a closed in which the engine is inaccessibly covered and an opened position in which the engine is accesible, is provided. The engine hood includes a primary hood member that is pivotably moveable about the hinge axis and a fixed portion that includes a pair of laterally spaced daily access doors pivotally mounted for outward movement to allow access to preselected, frequently accessed, service components of the engine.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention has been accomplished in view of the above-mentioned problems encountered in the conventional hydraulic excavator guard cover and it is an object of the invention to provide a guard cover for a construction machine which can be opened separately at a required portion thereof according to an inspecting or servicing work and which therefore can greatly improve the inspecting or servicing work efficiency.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

According to the present invention there is provided a guard cover for a construction machine to be used for protecting devices which are gathered in a certain portion of the construction machine and which protect devices to be subjected to inspection or servicing wherein the guard cover comprises a first guard cover which covers said devices from both front and upper surface sides of the devices and which is constructed so as to be capable of being opened and closed vertically through a hinge secured to a rear end portion of the first guard cover; and a second guard cover which covers the devices from a side of the devices and which is constructed so as to be capable of being opened and closed in the transverse direction through a hinge secured to a rear end portion of the second guard cover, and

Wherein the second guard cover is constructed so as to become contiguous to the first guard cover when closed and support a lower end portion of the first guard cover.

In the present invention it is preferable that the first and second guard covers be divided at the boundary between an inspection range for the devices to be inspected and a servicing range for the devices for servicing.

Preferably, the guard covers can be opened one after the other for inspection or for servicing, so for the devices to be inspected by the operator, the inspecting operation can be done within the opened area of the first guard cover, and for the devices for servicing such as repair to be done by a serviceman, the servicing operation can be done within the opened area of the second guard cover. Thus, the objects to be inspected by the operator and those for servicing by the serviceman are clearly distinguished from each other, giving rise to an advantage that the efficiency of the inspecting and servicing works is greatly improved. Besides, with both first and second covers opened, the inspecting and servicing works become easier because there is no such reinforcing frame as will be an obstacle.

It is preferable that a buffer member be attached to the upper edge of the side plate portion of the second guard cover which supports the lower edge of the side plate portion of the first guard cover. In the case that the buffer member is attached, the first guard cover when closed can be cushioned by the second guard cover, thus preventing the first guard cover from being deformed by a closing shock.

It is preferable that the first guard cover be formed of a resin and the second guard cover be formed by a steel plate. The use of a resin for the first guard cover is advantageous in that the resulting reduction in weight of the guard cover facilitates the cover opening and closing motions at the time of inspection for example. The first guard cover may be of a hollow double-shell structure obtained by a rotational molding of a resin. If such a hollow structure formed by a rotational molding is utilized, not only a voluminous guard cover of a complicated shape can be fabricated easily, but also it is possible to attain the reduction of weight.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • FIG.1 illustrates the construction of the guard cover according to the present invention as applied to a rotatable superstructure of a hydraulic excavator, in which (a) is a plan view, (b) is a front view, and (c) is a right side view;
  • FIG.2 is a perspective view showing the structure of a first guard cover;
  • FIG.3 is an explanatory view showing the structure of a second guard cover; and
  • FIG.4 is an enlarged sectional view showing a support structure for the first guard cover.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

The present invention will be described in detail hereinunder by way of a preferred embodiment thereof illustrated in FIGS.1 to 4.

In FIGS.1(a) to 1(c), the reference numeral 1 denotes a rotatable superstructure of a hydraulic excavator. On a rear portion of a revolving frame 2, which serves as a base of the rotatable superstructure, are installed an engine 3 as a hydraulic pump drive source, a radiator 4 for preventing overheat of the engine 3, a counterweight 5, and a hydraulic pipe (not shown).

On a left-hand front portion of the revolving frame 2 is provided a cab 6 for getting therein of the operator of the hydraulic excavator, while on a right-hand front portion of the revolving frame are gathered devices which are to be inspected periodically or at the time of start-up of the hydraulic excavator, as well as devices to be subjected to servicing, including repair and maintenance. The devices for inspection or servicing include a hydraulic oil tank 7 to be checked for the amount of oil, a fuel tank 8 to be checked also for the amount of oil, a battery 9 to be checked for the state of the battery, a control valve 10 to be checked for oil leakage, an operation pattern change-over valve 11 which makes sure how the operating direction of an operating lever and the hydraulic actuator operated thereby are correlated with each other, and a pipe connection of a hydraulic device.

The numeral 12 denotes a first guard cover, which constitutes a part of the outer shell of the rotatable superstructure. The first guard cover 12 is curved from the front face of the said outer shell and is contiguous to the upper surface of the outer shell to constitute both right-hand front plate portion and upper plate portion of the outer shell. The section of the first guard cover 12 is in an inverted U shape. The first guard cover 12 can be opened and closed in the vertical direction (in the boom rising and falling direction like arrow A in the figure) through a hinge 12a secured to a rear end portion of the first guard cover. The first guard cover 12 is formed of a resin.

On the other hand, a second guard cover 13 is formed in the shape of a door by pressing a steel plate so as to form the outer shell side plate on the right-hand front portion of the rotatable superstructure 1 and it can be opened and closed in the right and left direction (in the width direction of the rotatable superstructure like arrow B in the figure) through a pair of hinges 13a attached to a rear end portion of the second guard cover.

In the guard cover composed of the first and second guard covers 12, 13, when the first guard cover 12 is closed after closing the second guard cover 13, a lower edge portion 12b of the first guard cover comes into abutment against an upper edge portion 13a of the second guard cover, whereby both guard covers 12 and 13 are connected together so as to be flush with each other.

The construction of the first guard cover 12 and that of the second guard cover 13 will be described below in more detail.

As shown in FIG.2, the first guard cover 12 has a double-shell hollow structure obtained by a rotational molding of a polyethylene resin. A total plate thickness, t, of the first guard cover 12 is 80 mm and the thickness of an outer shell (inner shell) 12c is 4 mm. By utilizing the rotational molding it is possible to easily fabricate a voluminous first guard cover 12 of a complicated shape and also possible to reduce the weight of the guard cover.

Next, as shown in FIGS.3(a) and (b), the second guard cover 13 has the upper edge portion 13a formed so as to be opposed to the lower edge portion 12b (see FIG.2) of the first guard cover 12. On the upper edge portion 13a is fitted a long weather strip 14 made of rubber, as shown in FIG.4.

A cylindrical portion 14a is integral with an outer peripheral portion of the weather strip 14 and it serves as a buffer member when the first guard cover 12 is closed. Thus, the upper edge portion 13a of the second guard cover 13 can softly bear the lower edge portion 12b of the first guard cover 12 when closed and, after closing, can support the first guard cover. A lower edge portion 12d (see FIG.2) of the first guard cover 12 is supported by a fixed outer shell side plate (not shown) mounted vertically from the revolving frame 2, which cover is also provided at its upper edge portion with a weather strip of the same structure as in FIG.4 and having the cylindrical portion 14a.

Thus, the lower edge portions 12b and 12d of the first guard cover are supported by the second guard cover 13 and the fixed outer shell side plate, respectively, so the operator can get on the first guard cover 12 and check the front attachment for example.

In FIG.3, 13b', 13b' represent mounting positions of the hinges 13b secured to the rear end portion of the second guard cover 13. The first and second guard covers 12, 13 are each provided with a lock mechanism adapted to lock the revolving frame 2 and the first guard cover unlockably. As the lock mechanism there may be utilized a known lock mechanism wherein a hook attached to the front lower end of, for example, the first guard cover is brought into engagement with an engaging hole formed in the revolving frame.

Next, the operations of the first and second guard covers having the above constructions will be described below with reference to FIG.1.

When the first guard cover 12 is unlocked and is opened in the direction of arrow A for start-up inspection or periodical inspection, an upper portion of the hydraulic oil tank 7 and that of the fuel tank 8, as well as the battery 9 and the operation pattern change-over valve 11, are exposed. Therefore, the operator of the hydraulic excavator can complete the inspection work by inspecting the devices thus exposed upon opening of the first guard cover 12 and by operating the operation pattern change-over valve 11.

On the other hand, when the second guard cover 13 is unlocked and is opened in the direction of arrow B, the control valve 10, operation pattern change-over valve 11, a side portion of the hydraulic oil tank 7 and a hose connected to a hydraulic device are exposed. Therefore, a serviceman can check oil leakage of the control valve 10, hydraulic oil tank 7 and hose and effect additional clamping of a pipe portion mounted to the control valve 10.

Further, when both first and second covers 12, 13 are opened, all of the devices protected by both covers are exposed. Besides, with both guard covers opened, it is possible to effect inspection and servicing of the devices in a simple manner from both front and side because the support frame which has been used to support the guard cover of the conventional structure is not present.

Although the first guard cover used in the above embodiment is of a hollow double-shell structure obtained by a rotational molding, no limitation is made thereto. For example, the first guard cover may be constituted by an FRP cover or may be constituted by pressing a steel plate.

Further, although the guard cover of the above embodiment was applied to a hydraulic excavator, the present invention is not limited thereto. For example, the invention is also applicable to such a construction machine as a crane.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

As set forth hereinabove, the guard cover for a construction machine according to the present invention is useful as a guard cover in the rotatable superstructure of a hydraulic excavator or of a crane. Particularly, the guard cover is suitable for the protection of devices to be subjected to inspection or servicing.


Anspruch[de]
  1. Schutzdeckel für eine Baumaschine, der für das Schützen von Vorrichtungen verwendet werden soll, die in einem gewissen Abschnitt der Baumaschine angesammelt sind, und der Vorrichtungen schützt, die einer Inspektion oder einem Service unterzogen werden sollen, wobei der Schutzdeckel folgende Bauteile hat:
    • einen ersten Schutzdeckel (12), der die Vorrichtungen von sowohl der vorderen als auch der oberen Flächenseite der Vorrichtungen abdeckt, und der so konstruiert ist, dass er vertikal durch ein Scharnier (12a) geöffnet und geschlossen werden kann, das an einem hinteren Endabschnitt des ersten Schutzdeckels befestigt ist; und
    • einen zweiten Schutzdeckel (13), der die Vorrichtungen von einer Seite der Vorrichtungen abdeckt und der so konstruiert ist, dass er in der Querrichtung durch ein Scharnier (13a) geöffnet und geschlossen werden kann, das an einem hinteren Endabschnitt des zweiten Schutzdeckels befestigt ist,
       dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

       der zweite Schutzdeckel so konstruiert ist, dass er an den ersten Schutzdeckel angrenzt, wenn er geschlossen ist, und einen unteren Endabschnitt des ersten Schutzdeckels (12) abstützt.
  2. Schutzdeckel für eine Baumaschine gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei der erste und zweite Schutzdeckel so konstruiert sind, dass sie entlang einer Grenze zwischen einem Inspektionsbereich für die Vorrichtungen, die einer Inspektion unterzogen werden sollen, und einem Servicebereich für die Vorrichtungen unterteilt sind, die einem Service unterzogen werden sollen.
  3. Schutzdeckel für eine Baumaschine gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei ein Pufferelement (14a) für das Absorbieren einer Aufprallkraft, die sich entwickelt, wenn der erste Schutzdeckel (12) geschlossen wird, an einem oberen Kantenabschnitt des zweiten Schutzdeckels (13) vorgesehen ist, der den ersten Schutzdeckel stützt.
  4. Schutzdeckel für eine Baumaschine gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der erste Schutzdeckel durch Verwendung eines Harzes ausgebildet ist und der zweite Schutzdeckel durch eine Stahlplatte ausgebildet ist.
  5. Schutzdeckel für eine Baumaschine gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei der erste Schutzdeckel eine hohle Doppelwandstruktur hat, die durch Rotationsformen ausgebildet ist.
  6. Baumaschine mit einem Schutzdeckel wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5 beansprucht ist.
Anspruch[en]
  1. A guard cover for a construction machine to be used for protecting devices which are gathered in a certain portion of the construction machine and which protect devices to be subjected to inspection or servicing, characterised in that said guard cover comprising:
    • a first guard cover (12) which covers said devices from both front and upper surface sides of the devices and which is constructed so as to be capable of being opened and closed vertically through a hinge (12a) secured to a rear end portion of the first guard cover; and
    • a second guard cover (13) which covers said devices from a side of the devices and which is constructed so as to be capable of being opened and closed in the transverse direction through a hinge (13a) secured to a rear end portion of the second guard cover characterised in that said second guard cover is constructed so as to become contiguous to said first guard cover when closed and support a lower end portion of the first guard cover (12).
  2. A guard cover for a construction machine according to claim 1, wherein said first and second guard covers are constructed so as to be divided along a boundary between an inspection range for the devices to be subjected to inspection and a servicing range for the drives to be subjected to servicing.
  3. A guard cover for a construction machine according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein a buffer member (14a) for absorbing an impact force developed when closing said first guard cover (12) is provided at an upper edge portion of said second guard cover (13) which supports the first guard cover.
  4. A guard cover for a construction machine according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said first guard cover is formed using a resin and said second guard cover is formed by a steel plate.
  5. A guard cover for a construction machine according to claim 4, wherein said first guard cover has a hollow double-shell structure formed by a rotational molding.
  6. A construction machine comprising a guard cover as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5.
Anspruch[fr]
  1. Capot de protection pour machine de construction destiné à être utilisé pour protéger des dispositifs qui sont regroupés dans une certaine partie de la machine de construction et qui protègent des dispositifs à soumettre au contrôle ou à l'entretien, ledit capot de protection comprenant :
    • un premier capot de protection (12) qui recouvre lesdits dispositifs à partir des côtés de surface avant et supérieure des dispositifs et qui est construit afin de pouvoir être ouvert et fermé verticalement par l'intermédiaire d'une charnière (12a) fixée à une partie d'extrémité arrière du premier capot de protection ; et
    • un second capot de protection (13) qui recouvre lesdits dispositifs à partir d'un côté des dispositifs et qui est construit afin de pouvoir être ouvert et fermé dans la direction transversale par l'intermédiaire d'une charnière (13a) fixée sur une partie d'extrémité arrière du second capot de protection, caractérisé en ce que ledit second capot de protection est construit afin d'être contigu audit premier capot de protection lorsqu'il est fermé et de supporter une partie d'extrémité inférieure du premier capot de protection (12).
  2. Capot de protection pour machine de construction selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdits premier et second capots de protection sont construits afin d'être divisés le long d'une limite située entre une plage de contrôle pour les dispositifs à soumettre au contrôle et une plage d'entretien pour les mécanismes d'entraînement à soumettre à l'entretien.
  3. Capot de protection pour machine de construction selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel on prévoit un élément tampon (14a) pour absorber une force d'impact développée lors de la fermeture dudit premier capot de protection (12) au niveau d'une partie de bord supérieur dudit second capot de protection (13) qui supporte le premier capot de protection.
  4. Capot de protection pour machine de construction selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit premier capot de protection est formé en utilisant une résine et ledit second capot de protection est formé avec une tôle d'acier.
  5. Capot de protection pour machine de construction selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit premier capot de protection a une structure creuse à deux coques, formée par un moulage rotationnel.
  6. Machine de construction comprenant un capot de protection selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5.






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A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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