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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1656825 22.06.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001656825
Titel Rasenmäher
Anmelder C.S.F. S.R.L., Grumolo delle Abbadesse, IT
Erfinder Zanini, Stefano, 36040 Grumolo Delle Abbadesse (Vicenza), IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 09.11.2005
EP-Aktenzeichen 050244706
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.05.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 22.06.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse A01D 43/063(2006.01)A, F, I, 20060411, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a lawn mower.

As is known, there are many kinds of lawn mower for tending gardens, parks and more generally for maintaining green areas.

The most widespread and efficient models commercially available are constituted essentially by a mowing plate, in which one or more rotating blades mow the grass that exceeds a certain height with respect to the ground and subsequently collect it in adapted collectors.

In order to avoid damaging the lawn and achieve a better qualitative result, the grass produced as a residue of mowing is in fact generally conveyed into baskets or containers which are connected to the mowing plate.

In smaller lawn mowers, which are used in homes and are generally provided with a single blade, the mowed grass is conveyed both by means of the air stream produced by the rotation of the blade and by means of the mechanical action performed by the blade.

This solution is well-suited for tools for tending small gardens and collecting small amounts of mowed grass, but does not offer a sufficient performance in lawn mowers suitable for more extensive use.

If the rotating blades are at least two, in order to reduce execution times and increase the effectiveness of the lawn mower, or if it is necessary to work in unfavorable conditions in terms of humidity and grass height, the mechanical action on its own, combined with the air stream generated by the rotating blades, is no longer sufficient to aspirate and collect effectively the mowing residues.

For this purpose, the largest lawn mowers are generally provided with a powerful turbine which, through an intake channel, aspirates the air, conveying it into the collection basket.

This kind of solution has in any case several drawbacks, the first of which is the scarcely convenient utilization of the volume available in the collector, in which many voids always remain among the various grass residues that are present.

Further limitations of efficiency arise if the conditions in terms of humidity and height of the grass become truly critical.

In these cases, the grass very often forms lumps consequently reducing the useful diameter of the intake channel and clogging the entire system.

A further drawback is linked to the high rotation rate of the turbine which, by moving considerable amounts of air, lifts a lot of dust and generates great amounts of noise.

The aim of the invention is to solve the problems described above by providing a lawn mower which allows to utilize in an optimum manner the space available in the collector and also allows to work effectively even in case of tall or wet grass.

A particular object of the invention is to provide a lawn mower which is particularly versatile and can be used in different types of tractor and movement unit.

A further object of the invention is to provide a lawn mower which is sturdy and safe and can be manufactured at competitive costs.

This aim and these and other objects, which will become better apparent hereinafter, are achieved by a lawn mower comprising a mowing plate provided with a cutting means and at least one container for storing the mowed grass, the mowing plate being connected to the container by means of at least one conveyance duct, characterized in that it comprises a motion and compression means, adapted to convey and compress the mowed grass inside the container.

Further characteristics and advantages will become better apparent from the description of two preferred but not exclusive embodiments of a lawn mower according to the invention, illustrated by way of non-limiting example in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

  • Figure 1 is a perspective view of a lawn mower according to the invention;
  • Figure 2 is a partially sectional plan view of a lawn mower according to the invention;
  • Figure 3 is a side view of a lawn mower according to the invention;
  • Figure 4 is a partially sectional side view of the lawn mower of Figure 1;
  • Figure 5 is a partially sectional side view of a further embodiment of a lawn mower according to the invention;
  • Figure 6 is a view, similar to Figure 1, of the embodiment of the lawn mower of Figure 5.

With reference to the cited figures, the lawn mower according to the invention, generally designated by the reference numeral 101, comprises a mowing plate 2 which accommodates a cutting means constituted, in the specific case, by three rotating blades 3a, 3b and 3c, that lie on the same imaginary plane and are arranged so that their rotation axes are positioned respectively at the corners of an imaginary triangle.

The blade 3b is thus extended toward the front part 30 of the mowing plate 2, while the two blades 3a and 3c are in a retracted position and lie proximate to the rear part 40 of the mowing plate 2.

In order to accumulate the mowed grass, above the mowing plate 2 there is a container 4, the bottom of which is at least partially formed by the mowing plate itself and is connected thereto by means of a conveyance duct 5 which is formed substantially at the blade 3b but proximate to the rear part 40 of the mowing plate 2.

According to the invention, there is a motion and compression means 6 adapted to convey the mowed grass into the container 4 and to compress it thereat so as to utilize the available volume in an optimum manner.

In the specific case, the motion and compression means 6 is constituted by a rotating screw feeder 7 which is inserted partially in the conveyance duct 5 and in which the rotation axis is substantially perpendicular to the imaginary plane defined by the rotating blades 3a, 3b and 3c.

The rotating screw feeder 7 is turned by an actuation means which is constituted by a hydraulic motor 8 coupled to the pivot 9 of the rotating screw feeder 7, by means of an elastic coupling, not shown in the figures.

In order to allow the discharge of the mowed grass accumulated in the container 4, an automatically-opening door 10 is activated when a control 11 is operated. Multiple venting openings, not shown in the accompanying figures, are provided on the walls for the outflow of the air introduced in the container 4 after the cutting operations.

The lawn mower can be applied to tractors or telescopic motion units by means of quick-coupling devices 12, connected to a deformable supporting chassis 13 which is articulated to the mowing plate 2 so that the monolithic body constituted by the mowing plate 2 and by the container 4 can oscillate with respect to the pivoting axis 50, remaining in any case in stable equilibrium.

The correct and constant height from the ground of the cutting means is ensured by the presence of four supporting rollers, of which only the rollers 14a and 14b are clearly visible in the accompanying figures, their rotation axis being movable toward or away from the imaginary plane formed by the rotating blades blades 3a, 3b and 3c.

Figures 5 and 6 illustrate a lawn mower, according to a further aspect of the invention, generally designated by the reference numeral 201, wherein for the outflow of the air introduced in the container 4 during the cutting operations, there is a recycling duct 215 formed proximate to the rear part 40 of the mowing plate 2, and substantially at the blade 3a, so as to return the air into the mowing plate 2, producing a continuous recirculation between the container 4 and the mowing plate.

In the embodiment shown in Figures 5 and 6, the parts that correspond to the parts that have already been described with reference to the embodiment shown in Figures 1 to 4, have been designated by the same reference numerals.

The operation of the lawn mower according to the invention is as follows.

The lawn mower, coupled to a tractor or to the arm of a motion unit, is rested on the ground so that the four supporting rollers can ensure a certain uniformity in the cutting height, which is set by the operator after appropriately adjusting the distance of the rotation axes from the imaginary plane formed by the rotating blades 3 a, 3b, 3c.

Because of the arrangement of the blades and of their rotation in the same direction, a circulating stream of air is generated inside the mowing plate 2 and starts from the blade 3a, reaches the blade 3b, and finally the blade 3c, as shown in Figure 2.

This air stream, together with the mechanical propelling action of the blades, conveys the mowed grass proximate to the conveyance duct 5, where the rotating screw feeder 7, driven by the hydraulic motor 8, mechanically lifts the mowed grass and distributes and compresses it within the container 4.

In the first of the two embodiments, the air introduced in the container 4 is vented successively through venting openings, while in the embodiment shown in Figures 5 and 6 the air returns through the recirculation duct 215 to the mowing plate 2, substantially at the blade 3a, which starts the circulating flow, stream, thus creating a continuous recirculation.

The grass accumulated and pressed within the container 4 can be conveniently evacuated by lifting the lawn mower and varying the inclination of the imaginary plane formed by the rotating blades 3a, 3b and 3c with respect to the ground, thus causing the opening of the automatically-opening door 10 and the consequent fall of the various cutting residues.

In practice it has been found that the lawn mower according to the invention fully achieves the intended aim, being capable of working effectively even in case of tall or wet grass and ensures the possibility to utilize in the best possible way the space available within the collector.

The lawn mower thus conceived is susceptible of numerous modifications and variations, within the scope of the claims.

All the details may be replaced with other technically equivalent elements.

In practice, the materials used, so long as they are compatible with the specific use, as well as the contingent shapes and dimensions, may be any according to the requirements and the state of the art.


Anspruch[en]
A lawn mower comprising a mowing plate provided with a cutting means and at least one container for accumulating the mowed grass, said mowing plate being connected to said container by means of at least one conveyance duct, characterized in that it comprises a motion and compression means adapted to convey and compress said mowed grass inside said container. The lawn mower according to claim 1, characterized in that said motion and compression means comprises at least one rotating screw feeder at least partially arranged within said conveyance duct, said rotating screw feeder been turned by an actuation means. The lawn mower according to claim 1, characterized in that said cutting means comprises three rotating blades, that are coplanar and have respective rotation axes that are arranged substantially at the corners of an imaginary triangle. The lawn mower according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that the rotation axis of said rotating screw feeder is substantially perpendicular to an imaginary plane formed by said cutting means. The lawn mower according to claim 2, characterized in that said actuation means comprises at least one hydraulic motor coupled to said screw feeder. The lawn mower according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that said motion and compression means comprises at least one elastic joint interposed between said rotating screw feeder and said actuation means. The lawn mower according to claim 1, characterized in that said container comprises at least one automatically-opening door in order to allow the discharge of said mowed grass. The lawn mower according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a deformable supporting chassis articulated to said mowing plate. The lawn mower according to claim 8, characterized in that said deformable supporting chassis comprises quick-coupling devices. The lawn mower according to claim 1, characterized in that said container comprises at least one venting opening for the outflow of the air. The lawn mower according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises at least one recirculation duct adapted to generate a stream of air which is directed from said container toward said mowing plate. The lawn mower according to claim 1, characterized in that said mowing plate comprises multiple supporting rollers in order to vary the height of said cutting means with respect to the ground.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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