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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1276210 03.08.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001276210
Titel Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung eines Statorkerns einer rotierenden elektrischen Maschine für Kraftfahrzeuge
Anmelder Denso Corp., Kariya, Aichi, JP
Erfinder Nakamura, Intellectual Property Dept., Shigenobu, Kariya-city, Aichi-pref. 448-8661, JP
Vertreter Kuhnen & Wacker Patent- und Rechtsanwaltsbüro, 85354 Freising
DE-Aktenzeichen 60120953
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 05.04.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 020190906
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 15.01.2003
EP date of grant 21.06.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 03.08.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse H02K 15/02(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a stator core of a vehicle rotary electric machine according to claim 1. Moreover, the present invention also relates to a device for manufacturing a stator core of a vehicle rotary electric machine according to claim 4. The vehicle rotary electric machine can be comprised, for example, of an AC generator to be mounted in a passenger car, a truck, etc.

In order to supply an inexpensive vehicle rotary machine, a magnetic stator core is usually comprised of a spirally wound magnetic strip. Such a stator core can provide a high yield percentage of magnetic material and can be manufactured at a high manufacturing speed.

In order to meet a recent demand for a high power generator, conductors are to be disposed in the slots of the stator core at as a high space factor as possible.

As shown in JP-A11-299136, a pair long and thin magnetic sheets is stamped out to form a pair of magnetic strips that has a plurality of teeth and a core back in order to increase the yield percentage of the magnetic strips, the teeth of one of the pair of magnetic strips are respectively formed from portions inside slots of the other magnetic strip. Thereafter, each the magnetic strip is spirally wound into a cylindrical stack with the slots of one layer being aligned with those of another layer until the cylindrical stack has a prescribed thickness. Then, the stack is welded or riveted. Because two or more magnetic strips are formed at one time, the manpower and cost for manufacturing the stator cores can be reduced.

In order to moderate stress of a magnetic strip when it is spirally wound, JP-A-48-24204 discloses teeth whose tooth width becomes narrower toward the core back. In other words, slot width is widened at the middle thereof. This reduces strain of the strip when it is spirally wound and makes the size and shape of a cylindrical stator core accurate.

Because the magnetic reluctance of the air gap between the rotor and the stator is the largest in the magnetic circuit of a generator, the tooth edge formed at the inner periphery of the stator has a wider cross-section of a magnetic path than the rest of the tooth. In other words, each tooth has a pair of circumferential projections to increase the width of the tooth.

As the space factor of the conductors increases, the slot area is narrowed to thereby widen the cross-section of the tooth if the teeth of one of the pair of magnetic strips are respectively formed from portions inside slots of the other magnetic strip as disclosed in JP-A-299136, it is not possible to provide such a circumferentially wide tooth.

If the tooth width is narrowed at the middle thereof as shown in JP-A-48-24204, a widened tooth edge of one of a pair of magnetic strips can be formed from the portion inside a widened slot of the other magnetic strip. However, if the tooth is narrowed at the middle, the magnetic reluctance of the teeth increases, and the magnetic flux flowing through the stator core decreases significantly. This lowers the output power.

A stator core of a vehicle AC generator that has an outside diameter between 90 mm and 140 mm is usually comprised of a laminated steel strip of a thickness between 0.5 mm and 1.0 mm. It is necessary to have a margin (or clearance) if teeth and slots are formed from a steel strip of the above thickness.

However, if the thickness is reduced to a thickness less than 0.2 mm, the edge of the sheet may be drawn because of the low rigidity thereof. As a result, the projections of the tooth edge cannot have proper length, and a sufficient cross-section of the magnetic flux from the rotor cannot be provided.

It is an object of the present invention, to provide a method and a device for manufacturing a stator core of a vehicle rotary electric machine with which the stator core can be manufactured at a high yield percentage and a high speed.

According to the inventive method this object is solved by the features of claim 1. Improved embodiments of the inventive method result from subclaims 2 and 3.

The inventive device for solving the above object results from claim 4.

Other objects, features and characteristics of the present invention as well as the functions of related parts of the present invention will became clear from a study of the following detailed description, the appended claims and the drawings. In the drawings:

  • Fig. 1 is a fragmentary enlarged view of an axial end of a stator core of a vehicle AC generator;
  • Fig. 2 is an explanatory diagram showing a step of manufacturing a pair of magnetic strips from a long and thin magnetic sheet;
  • Fig. 3 is an explanatory diagram showing a step of manufacturing magnetic strips according to a first embodiment of the invention;
  • Fig. 4 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of a stator core according to a second embodiment of the invention;
  • Fig. 5 is an explanatory diagram showing a step of manufacturing magnetic strips according to a third embodiment of the invention; and
  • Fig. 6 is an explanatory diagram showing a step of manufacturing magnetic strips according to a variation of the third embodiment of the invention.

The invention can be applied to a vehicle rotary electric machine such as a generator or a motor. For example, it is mounted in an engine and driven by the engine as an AC generator. It is also mounted in an engine as a motor.

A stator core of a vehicle AC generator is described with reference to Figs. 1 - 5 .

A cylindrical stator core 1 is comprised of a spirally wound and laminated magnetic strip 10 that is as thick as 0.35 mm. The magnetic strip 10 has a plurality of teeth 2 and a core back 3 from which the plurality of teeth 2 extends. When wound and laminated, tooth edges 20 of teeth 2 are disposed radially inside.

A pair of circumferential notches 21 is formed at opposite sides of a base portion of each tooth 2 adjacent to the core back 3. A width B of the base between the notches 21 is set larger than a minimum width A between a pair of circumferential projections 201 formed at the tooth edge 20. Each slot 6 has a pair of walls 23 and 24 facing each other in the circumferential direction. The pair of walls 23 and 24 becomes parallel after the magnetic strip 10 is wound up.

The pair of projections 201 is almost the same in shape as a slot bottom 210 that includes the pair of notches 21 . When a pair of magnetic strips 10 is formed from a long and thin magnetic sheet 100 such as a hoop of a steel sheet, the tooth edges 20 of one magnetic. strip 10 and the slot bottom 210 of the other magnetic strip 10 is sheared and separated without any clearance or margin except for clearances or marginal portions 200 at opposite sides of each tooth 2, as shown in Fig. 2. This increases the yield percentage of the magnetic strip. Because the thickness of the magnetic strip 10 is 0.35 mm, the projections 201 do not deform and keep the magnetic reluctance at a low level.

Thus, the magnetic cross-section of the teeth 2 is the smallest at the base of the projections 201, i.e. at the tooth edge 20 from which the projections 201 extend. In other words, the cross-section of middle portion of the teeth 2 between the base of the projections 201 and the core back 3 is not smaller than the magnetic cross-section at the base of the projections 201. The radial width of each notch 21 is narrowed when the magnetic strip 10 is spirally wound. Accordingly, the magnetic reluctance around the notches 21 is reduced when the stator core 1 is completed.

In addition, a plurality of magnetic strips 10 can be formed from a single long and thin magnetic sheet 100, and the notches 21 make the winding step of the magnetic strip 10 easier.

As a method of manufacturing the stator core according to a first embodiment of the invention, a long magnetic sheet can be loaded between a pair of parallel rollers having a punch and a die to stamp out the magnetic strip 10 continuously, as shown in Fig. 3. Because the magnetic strip 10 can be formed continuously, the production time and cost can be reduced.

The thickness of the magnetic sheets can be changed from 0.35 mm to a thickness between 0.2 mm and 0.5 mm.

A stator core according to a second embodiment of the invention is described with reference to Fig. 4. A unit of the conductor coils 5 can be divided into two groups, and each output power is added to each other. The number of the slots per each unit length of the magnetic sheet becomes twice as many as the number of the slots of the magnetic sheet according to the first embodiment. On the other hand the width of the slots becomes a half the width of the slot of the magnetic sheet according to the first embodiment. Thus, the number of the notches increases so that the magnetic strip can be wound into a more accurate cylindrical shape at a low cost.

As a method of manufacturing the stator core according to a third embodiment of the invention, the clearance 200a for stamping out can be formed at a side of each tooth 2, as shown in Fig. 5. Because the width of the clearance can be increased, the magnetic strips can be stamped out more easily. The pair of magnetic strips can be formed by the pair of parallel rollers, as shown in Fig. 3.

As a variation, a clearance 200b can be increased until the notches at the base of the teeth 2 are removed. This makes the manufacturing steps easier and the manufacturing cost lower.

In the foregoing description of the present invention, the invention has been disclosed with reference to specific embodiments thereof. It will, however, be evident that various modifications and changes may be made to the specific embodiments of the present invention without departing from the scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims. Accordingly, the description of the present invention is to be regarded in an illustrative, rather than a restrictive, sense.


Anspruch[de]
Verfahren zum Herstellen eines Statorkems (1) einer elektrischen Drehmaschine für ein Fahrzeug, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es folgendes umfaßt: einen Schritt des Einfügens eines langen Magnetblechs (100) zwischen ein Paar Walzen, wobei das Magnetblech (100) dicker als 0,2 mm und dünner als 0,5 mm ist; und einen Schritt des kontinuierlichen Ausstanzens eines Magnetstreifens (10) mit einer Vielzahl von Zähnen (2) und einem Kernrückenabschnitt (3) aus dem Blech (100) mittels des Walzenpaars. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Dicke des Magnetblechs (100) 0,35 mm beträgt. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Magnetstreifen (10) in zylindrischer Form gewickelt ist. Vorrichtung zum Herstellen eines Statorkerns (1) einer elektrischen Drehmaschine für ein Fahrzeug, gekennzeichnet durch ein Paar paralleler Walzen mit einer Patrize und einer Matrize, um einen Magnetstreifen (10) aus einem langen und dünnen Blech (100) auszustanzen, wobei das Blech dicker als 0,2 mm und dünner als 0,5 mm ist, wobei der Magnetstreifen (10) eine Vielzahl von Zähnen (2) und einen Kernrückenabschnitt (3) aufweist.
Anspruch[en]
A method of manufacturing a stator core (1) of a vehicle rotary electric machine characterized by comprising: a step of inserting a long magnetic sheet (100) between a pair of rollers, said magnetic sheet (100) being thicker than 0,2 mm and thinner than 0,5 mm; and a step of continuously stamping out a magnetic strip (10) having a plurality of teeth (2) and a core back portion (3) from said sheet (100) by said pair of rollers. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the thickness of said magnetic sheet (100) is 0,35 mm. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that said magnetic strip (10) is wound into a cylindrical shape. A device for manufacturing a stator core (1) of a vehicle rotary electric machine, characterized by a pair of parallel rollers having a punch and a die to stamp out a magnetic strip (10) from a long and thin sheet (100)which sheet is thicker than 0,2 mm and thinner than 0,5 mm, said magnetic strip (10) having a plurality of teeth (2) and a core back portion (3).
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé de fabrication d'un noyau de stator (1) d'une machine électrique rotative pour véhicule caractérisé par le fait de comprendre : une étape d'insertion d'une longue feuille magnétique (100) entre une paire de rouleaux, ladite feuille magnétique (100) étant plus épaisse que 0,2 mm et moins épaisse que 0,5 mm ; et une étape consistant à estamper de manière continue une bande magnétique (10) ayant une pluralité de dents (2) et une partie de dos de noyau (3) à partir de ladite feuille (100) par ladite paire de rouleaux. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'épaisseur de ladite feuille magnétique (100) est de 0,35 mm. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ladite bande magnétique (10) est enroulée sous une forme cylindrique. Dispositif pour fabriquer un noyau de stator (1) d'une machine électrique rotative pour véhicule, caractérisé par une paire de rouleaux parallèles ayant une machine à estamper et une matrice pour estamper une bande magnétique (10) à partir d'une longue et peu épaisse feuille (100), laquelle feuille est plus épaisse que 0,2 mm et moins épaisse que 0,5 mm, ladite bande magnétique (10) ayant une pluralité de dents (2) et une partie de dos de noyau (3).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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