PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1186437 23.11.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001186437
Titel Wärmeempfindliches Aufzeichnungsmaterial
Anmelder Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd., Minami-Ashigara, Kanagawa, JP
Erfinder Mitsuo, Hirofumi, Fujinomiya-shi, Shizuoka-ken, JP;
Iwasaki, Masayuki, Fujinomiya-shi, Shizuoka-ken, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60123722
Vertragsstaaten DE, ES, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 20.08.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 013070586
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 13.03.2002
EP date of grant 11.10.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 23.11.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse B41M 5/30(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a heat-sensitive recording material, particularly to a heat-sensitive recording material having high coloring density, little fogging at non-image portions and excellent image preservability.

Description of the Related Art

Generally, heat-sensitive recording materials have been widely used for the reason that the heat-sensitive recording materials are relatively inexpensive, and because recording equipment therefor is compact and maintenance-free. Under such circumstances, recently, sales of heat-sensitive paper have become competitive, there has been a demand for heat-sensitive recording materials having functions greater than those of the past. Moreover, coloring density, image preservability, and the like of heat-sensitive recording materials are being extensively researched.

As electron-accepting compounds for colorless electron-donating dyes used for such heat-sensitive recording materials, conventionally, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane (so-called "bisphenol A") has been widely used. However, a compound satisfying demands made with respect to sensitivity, fogging and image preservability has not been obtained yet.

Further, there has been an escalation in recent years in the use of ink jet printers. Accompanying this escalation has been a trend to overlap ink jet recording sheet and heat-sensitive recording material after an image has been recorded thereon.

However, when an ink jet recording sheet and a heat-sensitive recording material, with images recorded thereon, are placed so as to overlap each other, respective recording surfaces thereof contact each other. In conventional heat-sensitive recording materials, there is the problem that density of image portions becomes low and fogging of non-image portions grows worse. As a result, there have been cases in which the purpose of the heat-sensitive recording material as a recording material is compromised.

EP-A-0675002 discloses a heat-sensitive recording material with a heat-sensitive color forming layer, which includes a colorless electron-donating dye, and an electron-accepting compound, such as 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone. A sensitizer may be included, for example, a combination of 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide.

An object of the present invention is to provide a heat-sensitive recording material having high coloring density, little fogging at non-image portions, and excellent preservability of image portions.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A first aspect of the present invention is a heat-sensitive recording material comprising:

  • a heat-sensitive recording material comprising:
    • a substrate; and
    • a heat-sensitive coloring layer formed on the substrate, the heat-sensitive coloring layer including
      • (a) a colorless electron-donating dye,
      • (b) an electron-accepting compound including at least 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone, and
      • (c) a sensitizer comprising 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide;
    wherein the mass ratio between 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide is in a range of 30/70 to 70/30.

A second aspect of the present invention is a method of forming a heat-sensitive recording material comprising the steps of:

  • (a) dispersing a colorless electron-donating dye, an electron-accepting compound, comprising at least 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone, and a sensitizer comprising 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide in a water-soluble binder to form a coating material;
  • (b) drying a film of the coating material on a substrate to form a heat-sensitive coloring layer; and
  • (c) smoothing the heat-sensitive coloring layer;
wherein the mass ratio between 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide is in a range of 30/70 to 70/30.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

A heat-sensitive recording material of the present invention comprises a substrate, and a heat-sensitive coloring layer disposed on the substrate and containing a colorless electron-donating dye and an electron-accepting compound. The heat-sensitive coloring layer contains, as the electron-accepting compound, at least 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone, and also contains a sensitizer comprised of 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide in a mass ratio (2-benzyloxynaphthalene/aliphatic monoamide) ranging from 30/70 to 70/30.

The heat-sensitive recording material of the present invention will be hereinafter described.

1. Substrate

Conventionally known substrates can be used as the substrate in the present invention. Specifically, paper substrates of fine-quality paper, coat paper with resin or pigment applied thereto, resin-laminated paper, fine-quality paper having an undercoat layer, synthetic paper, plastic film, and the like can be used.

A smooth substrate in which smoothness prescribed by JIS-8119 is in a range of 300 to 500 seconds is preferable as the substrate from the standpoint of dot reproducibility.

The substrate used in the present invention may also include an undercoat layer. When an undercoat layer is provided on the substrate, an undercoat layer containing a pigment as a main component is preferably used. Conventional organic and inorganic pigments can be used. Particularly, a pigment in which oil absorbency prescribed by JIS-K5101 is 40 ml/100 g (cc/100g) or more is preferably used. Specific examples of the pigment include calcium carbonate, barium sulphate, aluminum hydroxide, kaolin, calcined kaolin, amorphous silica, urea-formaline resin powder, and the like. Among these pigments, calcined kaolin having an oil absorbency of 70 to 80 ml/100 g is particularly preferable.

Further, an amount of the pigment to be applied to the substrate is 2 g/m2 or greater, preferably 4 g/m2 or greater, and most preferably 7 to 12 g/m2.

Examples of binders used for the above-described undercoat layer include water-soluble polymers and water-soluble binders. These binders may be used singly or may be used in a combination of two or more. Examples of the water-soluble polymer include starch, polyvinyl alcohol, polyacrylamide, carboxymethyl alcohol, methylcellulose, or casein.

The water-soluble binder is generally a synthetic rubber latex or a synthetic resin emulsion. Examples of the water-soluble binder include styrene-butadiene rubber latex, acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber latex, methyl acrylate-butadiene rubber latex, vinyl acetate emulsion, and the like.

An amount of the binder used is 3 to 100 % by weight, preferably 5 to 50 % by weight, and most preferably 8 to 15 % by weight of the total weight of the pigment added to the undercoat layer. Further, waxes, discoloration inhibitors, surfactants, and the like may be added to the undercoat layer.

Generally known coating methods can be used to apply the undercoat layer. Specifically, coating methods using air knife coaters, roll coaters, blade coaters, gravure coaters, curtain coaters, and the like can be used. Among these methods, a coating method using blade coaters is preferably used. Further, if necessary, smoothing such as calendering may also be carried out.

2. Heat-sensitive coloring layer

A heat-sensitive coloring layer formed on the substrate contains at least (1) a colorless electron-donating dye, (2) an electron-accepting compound, and (3) a sensitizer, and more preferably, also contains (4) an image stabilizer. Further, the heat-sensitive coloring layer is preferably formed directly on the substrate.

(1) Colorless electron-donating dye

Examples of the colorless electron-donating dye include compounds described below. However, the present invention is not limited to the same. Namely, examples of the colorless electron-donating dye that colors to black, include 3-di(n-butylamino)-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran, 2-anilino-3-methyl-6-N-ethyl-N-sec-butylaminofluoran, 3-di(n-pentylamino)-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran, 3-(N-isoamyl-N-ethylamino)-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran, 3-(N-n-hexyl-N-ethylamino)-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran, 3-[N-(3-ethoxypropyl)-N-ethylamino)-6-mehyl-7-anilinofluoran, 3-di(n-butylamino)-7-(2-chloroanilino)fluoran, 3-diethylamino-7-(2-chloroanilino)fluoran, 3-diethylamino-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran, and 3-(N-cyclohexyl-N-methylamino)-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran.

Among these compounds, 3-di(n-butylamino)-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran and 2-anilino-3-methyl-6-N-ethyl-N-sec-butylaminofluoran are preferable from the standpoint of low fogging at non-image portions.

An amount of the colorless electron-donating dye applied is preferably 0.1 to 1.0 g/m2, more preferably 0.2 to 0.8 g/m2, and most preferably 0.2 to 0.5 g/m2 from the viewpoint of high coloring density and low fogging at non-image portions.

(2) Electron-accepting compound

The heat-sensitive recording material of the present invention is characterized in that it contains 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone as an electron-accepting compound.

An amount of the electron-accepting compound added is preferably 10 to 400 % by weight, more preferably 50 to 300 % by weight, and most preferably 100 to 250 % by weight based on the total weight of the colorless electron-donating dye.

As the electron-accepting compound of the present invention, other generally known electron-accepting compounds may be used together with 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone so long as the effects of the present invention are not impaired.

Generally known electron-accepting compounds can be suitably selected and used. Particularly, phenol compounds, or derivatives of salicylic acid and metal salts thereof are preferable from the standpoint of suppressing fogging at non-image portions.

Examples of the phenol compound include 2,2'-bis(4-hydroxyphenol)propane (bisphenol A), 4-t-butylphenol, 4-phenylphenol, 4-hydroxydiphenoxide, 1,1'-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)cyclohexane, 1,1'-bis(3-chloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)cyclohexane, 1,1'-bis(3-chloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-ethylbutane, 4,4'-sec-isooctylidenediphenol, 4,4'-sec-butylilenediphenol, 4-tert-octylphenol, 4-p-methylphenylphenol, 4,4'-methylcyclohexylidenephenol, 4,4'-isopentylidenephenol, 4-hydroxy-4-isopropyloxydiphenylsufone, p-hydroxy benzyl benzoate, and the like.

Further, examples of the derivatives of salicylic acid include 4-pentadecylsalicylic acid, 3-5-di(&agr;-methyl benzyl)salicylic acid, 3,5-di(tert-octyl)salicylic acid, 5-octadecylsalicylic acid, 5- &agr; -(p- &agr;-methylbenzylphenyl)ethylsalicylic acid, 3- &agr;-methylbenzyl-5-tert-octylsalicylic acid, 5-tetradecylsalicylic acid, 4-hexyloxysalicylic acid, 4-cyclohexyloxysalicylic acid, 4-decyloxysalicylic acid, 4-dodecyloxysalicylic acid, 4-pentadecyloxysalicylic acid, 4-octadecyloxysalicylic acid, and zinc, aluminum, calcium, copper, and lead salts thereof.

When generally known electron-accepting compounds are used together with 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone in the present invention, an amount of 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone contained is preferably 50 % by weight or more, more preferably 70 % by weight or more, and particularly preferably 90 % by weight or more based on the total weight of the electron-accepting compound.

When a coating liquid for a heat-sensitive coloring layer is prepared in the present invention, it is preferable that the weight average particle diameter of particles of the electron-accepting compound is 1.0 µm or less, more preferably 0.3 to 0.9 µm, and most preferably 0.5 to 0.7 µm. If the weight average particle diameter exceeds 1.0 µm, heat sensitivity may decrease. The weight average particle diameter can be easily measured by an apparatus for measuring distribution of particle diameters by laser diffraction (for example, LA 500 manufactured by Horiba Ltd.).

(3) Sensitizer

The heat-sensitive recording material of the present invention is characterized in that it contains a sensitizer comprising 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide. The mass ratio between 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide is in the range from 30/70 to 70/30, and particularly preferably in the range from 40/60 to 60/40.

If the mass ratio between 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide is less than 30/70, sensitivity becomes low. Further, if the mass ratio is greater than 70/30, sensitivity becomes low as well.

The aliphatic monoamide comprises stearic acid amide and palmitic acid amide. An aliphatic monoamide comprising 65 to 95% by weight of stearic acid amide and 5 to 35% by weight of palmitic acid amide is preferably used. When the sensitizer comprising the above-described compounds is contained in the heat-sensitive coloring layer, sensitivity can be further improved.

The amount of the above-described sensitizer contained is preferably in a range of 75 to 200 parts by weight, and more preferably in a range of 100 to 150 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone, which is the electron-accepting compound. When the amount of the sensitizer contained is in a range of 75 to 200 parts by weight, the effect of improvement in sensitivity is great and image preservability is excellent.

In addition to 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide, which are the sensitizer of the present invention, other generally known sensitizers may also be used together therewith so long as the effects of the present invention are not impaired.

Specific examples of the generally known sensitizers include stearyl urea, p-benzylbiphenyl, di(2-methylphenoxy)ethane, di(2-methoxyphenoxy)ethane, &bgr;-naphthol-(p-methylbenzyl)ether, &agr;-naphtylbenzyl ether, 1,4-butanediol-p-methylphenyl ether, 1,4-butanediol-p-isopropylphenyl ether, 1,4-butanediol-p-tert-octylphenyl ether, 1-phenoxy-2-(4-etylphenoxy)ethane, 1-phenoxy-2-(chlorophenoxy)ethane, 1,4-butanediolphenyl ether, diethylene glycol bis(4-methoxyphenyl) ether, m-tarphenyl, oxalic methylbenzyl ether, 1,2-diphenoxymethylbenzene, 1,2-bis(3-methylphenoxy)ethane, 1,4-bis(phenoxymethyl)benzene, and the like.

(4) Image stabilizer

Further, in the heat-sensitive coloring layer, 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphenyl)butane is preferably used as an image stabilizer. When the image stabilizer is contained in the heat-sensitive coloring layer, fogging at non-image portions is reduced due to interaction between 4,4'-dihydoxydiphenylsulfone, which is the electron-accepting compound, and 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide, which are the sensitizer, whereby preservability of image portions can be further improved.

An amount of the image stabilizer used is preferably 10 to 100 parts by weight, more preferably 30 to 60 parts by weight, and most preferably 40 to 55 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the electron-donating colorless dye from the standpoint of efficiently exhibiting the desired effect of image preservability.

In addition to 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphenyl)butane which is the image stabilizer of the present invention, other generally known image stabilizers may also be used together therewith so long as the effects of the present invention are not impaired.

As the above-described generally known image stabilizer, phenol compounds, and in particular, hindered phenol compounds, are effective. Examples thereof include 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-tert-butylphenyl)butane, 1,1,3-tris(2-ethyl-4-hydroxy-5-cyclohexylphenyl)butane, 1,1,3-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) butane, 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphenyl)propane, 2,2'-methylene-bis(6-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol), 2,2'-methylene-bis(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol), 4,4'-butylidene-bis(6-tert-butyl-3-methylphenol), 4,4'-thio-bis-(3-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol), and the like.

In the present invention, the colorless electron-donating dye, electron-accepting compound, sensitizer, and the like are dispersed in a water-soluble binder. The water-soluble binder used herein is preferably a compound in which 5 parts by weight or more thereof is dissolved in water of 25 °C.

Specific examples of the above-described water-soluble binder include polyvinyl alcohol, methyl cellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, starches (including modified starch), gelatin, gum arabic, casein, saponified compound of styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer, and the like.

These binders are used not only for the purpose of dispersion, but also for the purpose of improving the strength of a coated film of the heat-sensitive coloring layer. For the purpose of improving the strength of a coated film of the heat-sensitive coloring layer, synthetic polymer latex based binders such as styrene-butadiene copolymer, vinyl acetate copolymer, acrylonitrile-butadiene copolymer, methyl acrylate-butadiene copolymer, and polyvinylidene chloride can be used together with the water-soluble binders.

The above-described colorless electron-donating dye, electron-accepting compound, sensitizer, and the like are dispersed simultaneously or separately by a stirring/pulverizing machine such as a ball mill, an attriter, or a sand mill, whereby a coating liquid is prepared. The coating liquid may further contain, as occasion demands, various pigments, metallic soaps, waxes, surfactants, antistatic agents, ultraviolet ray absorbents, defoaming agents, fluorescent dyes, or the like.

Examples of pigments that may be used include calcium carbonate, barium sulfate, lithopone, agalmatolite, kaolin, calcined kaolin, amorphous silica, aluminum hydroxide, and the like. Examples of the metallic soap include higher fatty acid metallic salts such as zinc stearate, calcium stearate, aluminum stearate, and the like.

Examples of the waxes include paraffin wax, micro crystalline wax, carnauba wax, methylol stearamide, polyethylene wax, polystyrene wax, fatty acid amide based wax, and the like. These waxes may be used singly or in a combination of two or more. Examples of the surfactants include sulfosuccinate-based alkali metal salts, fluorine-containing surfactants, and the like.

These materials are mixed together, and thereafter applied to the substrate. There are no particular limitation on the instrument used to apply the materials to the substrate, nor are there particular limitations on the method by which the materials are coated on the substrate. For example, air knife coaters, roll coaters, blade coaters, or curtain coaters may be used. Subsequently, the coated film is dried and subjected to smoothing processing using a calender. Particularly, a curtain coater is preferably used in the present invention.

An amount of the heat-sensitive coloring layer to be coated is not limited, but is preferably 2 to 7 g/m2 in a normal dry weight.

A protective layer may be provided on the heat-sensitive coloring layer as needed. The protective layer may contain organic or inorganic fine powders, binders, surfactants, heat-fusible materials, or the like. As the fine powder, for example, inorganic fine powder such as calcium carbonate, silica, zinc oxide, titanium oxide, aluminum hydroxide, zinc hydroxide, barium sulfate, clay, talc, or surface-treated calcium or silica, or organic fine powder such as urea-formalin resin, styrene-methacrylic acid copolymer, or polystyrene can be used.

As the binder contained in the protective layer, polyvinyl alcohol, carboxy-modified polyvinyl alcohol, vinyl acetate-acrylamide copolymer, silicon-modified polyvinyl alcohol, starch, modified starch, methyl cellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, hydroxymethylcellulose, gelatins, gum arabic, casein, styrene-maleic acid copolymer hydrolysate, derivatives of polyacrylamide, polyvinyl pyrolidone, and latices such as styrene-butadiene rubber latex, acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber latex, methyl acrylate-butadiene rubber latex, or vinyl acetate emulsion can be used.

Further, a waterproof agent may also be added with the binder components in the protective layer being cross-linked for the purpose of further improving preservation stability of the heat-sensitive recording material. Examples of the waterproof agent include water-soluble initial condensates such as N-methylol urea, N-methylol melamine, or urea-formalin, dialdehyde compounds such as glyoxal or glutaraldehyde, inorganic cross-linking agents such as boric acid, borax, or colloidal silica, polyamide epichlorohydrin, and the like.

EXAMPLES

The present invention will be hereinafter described specifically with reference to Examples below. The present invention is not limited to the Examples. In the Examples, "parts" and "%" represent "parts by weight" and "% by weight" respectively.

Example 1 Formation of heat-sensitive recording material Preparation of coating liquid for heat-sensitive coloring layer: 1. Preparation of dispersion liquid A

The following components were dispersed and mixed by a ball mill to obtain a dispersion liquid A having an average particle diameter of 0.6 µm. Composition of dispersion liquid A 3-dibutylamino-6-methyl-7-anilinofluorane (colorless electron-donating dye) 10 parts 2.5 % aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA-105; manufatured by Kuraray Co., Ltd.) 50 parts

2. Preparation of dispersion liquid B

The following components were dispersed and mixed by a ball mill to obtain a dispersion liquid B having an average particle diameter of 0.6 µm. Composition of dispersion liquid B 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone (electron-accepting compound) 20 parts 2.5% aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA-105; manufactured by Kuraray Co., Ltd.) 100 parts

(3) Preparation of dispersion liquid C

The following components were dispersed and mixed by a ball mill to obtain a dispersion liquid C having an average particle diameter of 0.6 µm. Composition of dispersion liquid C 2-benzyloxynaphthalene (component of sensitizer) 20 parts 2.5% aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA-105; manufactured by Kuraray Co., Ltd.) 100 parts

(4) Preparation of dispersion liquid D

The following components were dispersed and mixed by a ball mill to obtain a dispersion liquid D having an average particle diameter of 0.8 µm. Composition of dispersion liquid D 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphenyl)butane (image stabilizer) 5 parts 2.5 % aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA-105; manufactured by Kuraray Co., Ltd.) 25 parts

(5) Preparation of pigment dispersion liquid E

The following components were dispersed and mixed by a sand mill to obtain a pigment dispersion liquid E having an average particle diameter of 2.0 µm. Composition of pigment dispersion liquid E soft calcium carbonate 40 parts sodium polyacrylate 1 parts distilled water 60 parts

A coating liquid for a heat-sensitive coloring layer was obtained by mixing compounds having the following composition. Composition of coating liquid for heat-sensitive coloring layer dispersion liquid A 60 parts dispersion liquid B 120 parts dispersion liquid C 120 parts dispersion liquid D 30 parts pigment dispersion liquid E 101 parts Fatty acid monoamide emulsion dispersion liquid (component of sensitizer; concentration of solid components: 20%) (composition of 70 % by weight of stearic amide and 30 % by weight of palmitic amide) 50 parts 30 % dispersion liquid of zinc stearate 15 parts Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (25%) 4 parts

Formation of heat-sensitive recording material:

An undercoat layer containing a pigment and a binder as main components was applied, in an amount forming a dried layer of 8 g/m2, by a blade coater on a base paper having a basic weight of 50 g/m2 over five seconds by steckigt sizing to thereby prepare an undercoat base paper. Subsequently, the coating liquid for a heat-sensitive recording material was applied onto the undercoat layer by a curtain coater in an amount forming a dried layer of 4 g/m2 and thereafter dried. The surface of the formed heat-sensitive coloring layer was subjected to calendering to obtain the heat-sensitive recording material of Example 1.

Example 2

A heat-sensitive recording material of Example 2 was obtained in the same way as in Example 1 except that the dispersion liquid C was changed from 120 parts to 90 parts and the fatty acid monoamide emulsified dispersion liquid was changed from 50 parts to 75 parts.

Example 3

A heat-sensitive recording material of Example 3 was obtained in the same way as in Example 1 except that the dispersion liquid C was changed from 120 parts to 60 parts and the fatty acid monoamide emulsified dispersion liquid was changed from 50 parts to 100 parts.

Example 4

A heat-sensitive recording material of Example 4 was obtained in the same way as in Example 2 except that the fatty acid monoamide emulsified dispersion liquid was changed to an emulsified dispersion liquid in which 75 parts of a composition comprising 94 % by weight of stearic acid amide and 6 % by weight of paltimic acid amide was used.

Example 5

A heat-sensitive recording material of Example 5 was obtained in the same way as in Example 1 except that the dispersion liquid C was changed from 120 parts to 60 parts.

Example 6

A heat-sensitive recording material of Example 6 was obtained in the same way as in Example 1 except that the fatty acid monoamide emulsified dispersion liquid was changed from 50 parts to 100 parts.

Example 7

A heat-sensitive recording material of Example 7 was obtained in the same way as in Example 1 except that the dispersion liquid D was changed from 30 parts to 12 parts.

Example 8

A heat-sensitive recording material of Example 8 was obtained in the same way as in Example 2 except that the fatty acid monoamide emulsified dispersion liquid was changed to a composition comprising 50 % by weight of stearic acid amide and 50 % by weight of paltimic acid amide.

Example 9

A heat-sensitive recording material of Example 9 was obtained in the same way as in Example 1 except that the dispersion liquid C was changed from 120 parts to 30 parts and the fatty acid monoamide emulsified dispersion liquid was changed from 50 parts to 25 parts.

Example 10

A heat-sensitive recording material of Example 10 was obtained in the same way as in Example 1 except that the dispersion liquid C was changed from 120 parts to 150 parts and the fatty acid monoamide emulsified dispersion liquid was changed from 50 parts to 125 parts.

Comparative Example 1

A heat-sensitive recording material of Comparative Example 1 was obtained in the same way as in Example 1 except that the dispersion liquid C was changed from 120 parts to 30 parts and the fatty acid monoamide emulsified dispersion liquid was changed from 50 parts to 125 parts.

Comparative Example 2

A heat-sensitive recording material of Comparative Example 2 was obtained in the same way as in Example 1 except that the dispersion liquid C was changed from 120 parts to 150 parts and the fatty acid monoamide emulsified dispersion liquid was changed from 50 parts to 25 parts.

Comparative Example 3

A heat-sensitive recording material of Comparative Example 3 was obtained in the same way as in Example 1 except that 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone of the dispersion liquid B was changed to 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethane.

Evaluation (1) Sensitivity

Printing on each of the heat-sensitive recording materials obtained in Examples 1 to 10 and Comparative Examples 1 to 3 was carried out by using a heat-sensitive printing apparatus having a thermal head (KJT-216-8MPD 1) manufactured by Kyocera Corp. and a pressure roll of 100 kg/cm2 located directly before the head. The printing was carried out while using the pressure roll under a head voltage of 24 V, a pulse cycle of 10 ms, and a pulse width of 2.1 ms, and the density of printing was measured by using a Macbeth reflection densitometer (RD-918). The results are shown in Table 1.

(2) Fogging at non-image portions

The heat-sensitive recording materials obtained in Examples 1 to 10 and Comparative Examples 1 to 3 were each left in an environment for 24 hours at 60°C and at a relative humidity of 20 %. Thereafter, non-image portions of each material were measured by a Macbeth reflection densitometer (RD-918). The results are shown in Table 1. As a numerical value becomes smaller, a more excellent effect is obtained.

(3) Image preservability

An image was recorded on each of the heat-sensitive recording materials obtained in Examples 1 to 10 and Comparative Examples 1 to 3 by using the same apparatus and under the same conditions as those used and specified in the above-described measurement of sensitivity. The heat-sensitive recording material were left in an environment for 24 hours at 60 °C and at a relative humidity of 20 %. Subsequently, the density of the obtained image was measured by using a Macbeth reflection densitometer (RD-918). Residual rate for the density of the unprocessed (left) image recorded by using the same apparatus and under the same conditions as those used and specified in the above-described measurement of the sensitivity, was calculated from the following expression. The results are also shown in Table 1. As the numerical value becomes higher, image preservability improves. image preservability  ( % ) = ( density of image after standing / density of unprocessed image ) × 100

(4) Resistance to ink jet sheet

An ink jet sheet printed by using an ink jet printer (MJ930C; manufactured by Seiko Epson Corporation) in a super fine mode and a heat-sensitive recording material with an image being recorded by using the same apparatus and same conditions as those used and specified in the above-described measurement of sensitivity were made to overlap each other with respective recording surfaces contacting each other, and left for 48 hours at 25 °C and at a relative humidity of 50 %. Thereafter, the ink jet sheet was separated from the heat-sensitive recording material, and the density of the image on the heat-sensitive recording material was measured by using a Macbeth reflection densitometer (RD-918) and a residual rate for the density of an unprocessed (non-contact) image recorded by using the same apparatus and same conditions as those used and specified in the above-described measurement of sensitivity was calculated from the following equation. The results are also shown in Table 1. As the numerical value becomes higher, the resistance of ink jet sheet improves. resistance of ink jet sheet ( % ) = ( density of an image fading out due to heat-sensitive recording material and ink jet sheet contacting / density of an unprocessed image ) × 100 TABLE 1 Sensitivity Fogging at non- image portions image preservability resistance of ink jet sheet Example 1 1.28 0.08 85% 85% Example 2 1.31 0.08 83% 85% Example 3 1.27 0.09 78% 82% Example 4 1.29 0.08 82% 82% Example 5 1.29 0.07 83% 80% Example 6 1.31 0.08 75% 78% Example 7 1.31 0.08 73% 78% Example 8 1.32 0.10 70% 70% Example 9 1.25 0.08 67% 80% Example 10 1.28 0.10 68% 73% Comparative Example 1 1.22 0.12 45% 70% Comparative Example 2 1.21 0.12 58% 75% Comparative Example 3 1.33 0.10 48% 35%

It can be seen from Table 1 that the heat-sensitive recording materials obtained in the Examples of the present invention each have a high sensitivity and a low fog level of a non-image portion and also have excellent preservation stability of a color formation image and resistance of ink jet sheet.

As described above, the heat-sensitive recording material of the present invention has high coloring density, low fogging at non-image portions, and excellent preservability of image portions as compared with conventional heat-sensitive recording materials.


Anspruch[de]
Wärmeempfindliches Aufzeichnungsmaterial, umfassend ein Substrat und eine wärmeempfindliche Farbschicht, die auf dem Substrat gebildet ist, wobei die wärmeempfindliche Farbschicht umfasst: (a) einen farblosen Elektronen gebenden Farbstoff (b) eine Elektronen akzeptierende Verbindung, umfassend zumindest 4,4'-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfon und (c) einen Sensibilisator, umfassend 2-Benzyloxynaphtalin und aliphatisches Monoamid, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Massenverhältnis zwischen 2-Benzyloxynaphtalin und dem aliphatischen Monoamid in einem Bereich von 30/70 bis 70/30 ist. Wärmeempfindliches Aufzeichnungsmaterial nach Anspruch 1, worin das aliphatische Monoamid 65 bis 95 Gew% Stearinsäureamid und 5 bis 35 Gew% Palmitinsäureamid umfasst. Wärmeempfindliches Aufzeichnungsmaterial nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, worin die Menge des Sensibilisators, der in der wärmeempfindlichen Farbschicht enthalten ist, in einem Bereich von 75 bis 200 Gewichtsteilen, bezogen auf 100 Gewichtsteile 4,4'-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfon ist. Wärmeempfindliches Aufzeichnungsmaterial nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, worin die wärmeempfindliche Farbschicht weiter 1,1,3-Tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphenyl)butan als Bildstabilisator enthält. Wärmeempfindliches Aufzeichnungsmaterial nach Anspruch 4, worin die Menge des Bildstabilisators in einem Bereich von 10 bis 100 Gewichtsteilen, bezogen auf 100 Gewichtsteile des farblosen, Elektronen gebenden Farbstoffes ist. Wärmeempfindliches Aufzeichnungsmaterial nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5, worin das Substrat eine Glätte von 300 bis 500 Sekunden hat. Wärmeempfindliches Aufzeichnungsmaterial nach einem der Ansprüche 1-6, worin das Substrat eine Unterschicht mit einem Pigment als Hauptkomponente umfasst. Verfahren zur Bildung eines wärmeempfindlichen Aufzeichnungsmaterials, umfassend folgende Schritte: (a) Dispergieren eines farblosen, Elektronen gebenden Farbstoffes, einer Elektronen aufnehmenden Verbindung, umfassend zumindest 4,4'-Dihydroxydiphenylsulfon, und einen Sensibilisator, umfassend 2-Benzyloxynaphthalin und aliphatisches Monoamid, in einem wasserlöslichen Bindemittel, zur Bildung eines Beschichtungsmaterials; (b) Trocknen eines Filmes aus dem Beschichtungsmaterial auf einem Substrat zur Bildung einer wärmeempfindlichen Farbschicht; und (c) Glätten der wärmeempfindlichen Farbschicht; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Massenverhältnis zwischen 2-Benzyloxynaphtalin und dem aliphatischen Monoamid in einem Bereich von 30/70 bis 70/30 ist.
Anspruch[en]
A heat-sensitive recording material comprising: a substrate; and a heat-sensitive coloring layer formed on the substrate, the heat-sensitive coloring layer including (a) a colorless electron-donating dye, (b) an electron-accepting compound including at least 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone, and (c) a sensitizer comprising 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide; characterised in that the mass ratio between 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide is in a range of 30/70 to 70/30. The heat-sensitive recording material of claim 1, wherein the aliphatic monoamide comprises 65 to 95 % by weight stearic acid amide and 5 to 35 % by weight palmitic acid amide. The heat-sensitive recording material of claim 1, or 2, wherein the amount of the sensitizer included in the heat-sensitive coloring layer is in a range of 75 to 200 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone. The heat-sensitive recording material of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the heat-sensitive coloring layer further includes 1,1,3-tris(2-methyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphenyl)butane as an image stabilizer. The heat-sensitive recording material of claim 4, wherein the amount of the image stabilizer is in a range of 10 to 100 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the colorless electron- donating dye. The heat-sensitive recording material of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the substrate comprises a smoothness of 300 to 500 seconds. The heat-sensitive recording material of any one of claims 1to 6, wherein the substrate includes an undercoat layer comprising a pigment as a main component. A method of forming a heat-sensitive recording material, comprising the steps of: (a) dispersing a colorless electron-donating dye, an electron-accepting compound, comprising at least 4,4'-dihydroxydiphenylsulfone, and a sensitizer comprising 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide in a water-soluble binder to form a coating material; (b) drying a film of the coating material on a substrate to form a heat-sensitive coloring layer; and (c) smoothing the heat-sensitive coloring layer; characterised in that the mass ratio between 2-benzyloxynaphthalene and aliphatic monoamide is in a range of 30/70 to 70/30.
Anspruch[fr]
Support d'impression thermosensible comprenant : un substrat ; et une couche de coloration thermosensible formée sur le substrat, la couche de coloration thermosensible comprenant (a) un colorant donneur d'électrons incolore, (b) un composé accepteur d'électrons comprenant au moins de la 4,4'-dihydroxydiphénylsulfone et (c) un sensibilisateur comprenant du 2-benzyloxynaphtalène et un monoamide aliphatique ; caractérisé en ce que le rapport massique entre le 2-benzyloxynaphtalène et le monoamide aliphatique est dans un intervalle de 30/70 à 70/30. Support d'impression thermosensible de la revendication 1, dans lequel le monoamide aliphatique comprend 65 à 95 % en poids d'amide de l'acide stéarique et 5 à 35 % en poids d'amide de l'acide palmitique. Support d'impression thermosensible de la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la quantité du sensibilisateur inclus dans la couche de coloration thermosensible est dans un intervalle de 75 à 200 parties en poids sur la base de 100 parties en poids de 4,4'-dihydroxydiphénylsulfone. Support d'impression thermosensible de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la couche de coloration thermosensible comprend en plus du 1,1,3-tris(2-méthyl-4-hydroxy-5-tert-butylphényl)butane en tant que stabilisant d'image. Support d'impression thermosensible de la revendication 4, dans lequel la quantité du stabilisant d'image est dans un intervalle de 10 à 100 parties en poids sur la base de 100 parties en poids du colorant donneur d'électrons incolore. Support d'impression thermosensible de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le substrat possède un lissé de 300 à 500 secondes. Support d'impression thermosensible de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel le substrat comprend une sous-couche comprenant un pigment comme composant principal. Procédé de formation d'une support d'impression thermosensible, comprenant les étapes consistant à : (a) disperser un colorant donneur d'électrons incolore, un composé accepteur d'électrons, comprenant au moins de la 4,4'-dihydroxydiphénylsulfone et un sensibilisateur comprenant du 2-benzyloxynaphtalène et un monoamide aliphatique dans un liant soluble dans l'eau pour former une matière de revêtement ; (b) sécher un film de la matière de revêtement sur un substrat pour former une couche de coloration thermosensible ; et (c) lisser la couche de coloration thermosensible ; caractérisé en ce que le rapport massique entre le 2-benzyloxynaphtalène et le monoamide aliphatique est dans un intervalle de 30/70 à 70/30.






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G Physik
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