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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1323875 21.12.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001323875
Titel Geräuschgedämpfte Vorrichtung zum Einlassen von Wasser in einen Behälter, insbesondere zum Füllen eines Spülkastens
Anmelder Oliveira & Irmao S.A., Aveiro, PT
Erfinder Figueiredo, Noe, 3800-716 Aveiro, PT;
Gameiro Lopes, Antonio Manuel, 3040 Assafarge Coimbra, PT;
Ferreira Da Costa, Victor Antonio, 3800-25 Aveiro, PT;
Moura De Oliveira, Antonio Manuel, 3800-25 Aveiro, PT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60215907
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 20.12.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 020286183
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.07.2003
EP date of grant 08.11.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 21.12.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse E03D 9/14(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse E03D 1/32(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a silent-operating device for feeding water into a tank, in particular for filling a lavatory flush tank.

As is known, filling a lavatory flush tank after each flushing operation generates sound vibration which is preferably eliminated or at least reduced.

Various types of flush tank feed devices designed to reduce noise are known.

For example, European Patent Application EP-A-424274 provides for reducing noise by circulating the water in a chamber filled with solid spheroidal bodies. US-A-1976442 discloses a silencer comprising a series of perforated plates housed in a chamber, the holes of consecutive plates being offset with respect to one another. Though fairly effective, these solutions still leave room for further improvement in terms of noise reduction, besides posing manufacturing problems (mainly owing to the necessity of producing and inserting the solid bodies into the chamber).

It is an object of the present invention to provide a water feed device which, as compared with known solutions, is fully effective in reducing noise, and at the same time is cheap and easy to produce.

According to the present invention, there is provided a silent-operating device for feeding water into a tank, in particular for filling a lavatory flush tank, as claimed by claim 1.

In addition to being cheap and easy to produce, tests have shown the device according to the present invention to be also fully effective in terms of noise reduction.

A number of non-limiting embodiments of the present invention will be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

  • Figure 1 shows a longitudinal section of a feed device in accordance with the invention;
  • Figure 2 shows an exploded view in perspective of a number of component parts of the Figure 1 device;
  • Figure 3 shows a plan view of two of the component parts in Figure 2;
  • Figure 4 shows a plan view of an optional component part of the Figure 1 device;
  • Figure 5 shows an exploded view in perspective of an alternative embodiment of the Figure 2 component parts.

Number 1 in Figure 1 indicates as a whole a silent-operating feed device for a flush tank (not shown). Device 1 comprises a body 2 housing a valve assembly 3 interposed between an inlet channel 4 and an outlet channel 5. Inlet channel 4 is connected to a fitting 6 for connection to the water mains, and outlet channel 5 is connected to an outflow pipe 7 having an axis substantially perpendicular to inlet channel 4 and, in use, substantially vertical.

In the non-limiting example shown in Figure 1, valve assembly 3 is a known diaphragm valve assembly, and therefore not described or illustrated in detail. Briefly, valve assembly 3 comprises a disk-shaped diaphragm 8 separating inlet channel 4 from outlet channel 5 and closing a counterpressure chamber 9; counterpressure chamber 9 has a relief hole 10, and communicates with inlet channel 4 via a small-section nozzle 11 through diaphragm 8; a shutter 12, controlled by a lever 13 connected to a float 15 by an adjustable rod 14, selectively opens and closes relief hole 10; and diaphragm 8 is elastically deformable to allow water to flow from inlet channel 4 to outlet channel 5 when relief hole 10 is open.

Outflow pipe 7 has an end 16 for connection to body 2 (and having, for example, a threaded coupling and sealing rings); and a free end 17 opposite end 16 and possibly connected to a tubular extension 18.

Outflow pipe 7 is provided internally with a chamber 20 for passage of the flow of water from outlet channel 5. Chamber 20, which for example is cylindrical, comprises an inlet 21 and an outlet 22 located respectively at ends 16 and 17 of outflow pipe 7, and defining a water flow direction indicated schematically in Figure 1 by arrow 23 and coincident, in the example shown, with a longitudinal axis L of chamber 20.

Chamber 20 houses a number of perforated flow deflecting members 25 comprising respective numbers of through holes 26, and which are positioned transversely inside chamber 20, and are arranged successively and spaced apart substantially in the water flow direction 23 inside chamber 20, i.e. along axis L.

With reference also to Figures 2 and 3, each member 25 comprises a flat perforated plate 27 positioned substantially perpendicular to axis L and in the form of a circular disk with a diameter substantially equal to the inside diameter of chamber 20. Holes 26 are substantially parallel to axis L, and the holes 26 of consecutive members 25 (e.g. members 25a, 25b in Figures 2 and 3) are offset to define, inside chamber 20, a labyrinth water flow path comprising a large number of winding coil-like or zigzag water flow paths.

The shape, size, and arrangement of holes 26 may obviously be varied in numerous ways, while still defining a labyrinth water flow path. More specifically, a winding coil-like or zigzag path may also be obtained using members 25, each with only one hole 26, providing the holes 26 of consecutive members 25 are offset. What is shown and described herein is therefore to be considered purely as a non-limiting example.

In the embodiment shown purely by way of a non-limiting example, each member 25 has a number of holes 26 spaced in the form of a triangle and symmetric with respect to a geometric centre 28 of member 25. Consecutive members 25a, 25b have the same arrangement of respective holes 26, but are turned 180° with respect to each other. To insert and retain members 25 in the desired pattern inside chamber 20, aligning means are provided to set each member 25 in a predetermined position with respect to the other members 25 and to flow direction 23, and circumferential connecting members are provided for connecting members 25 circumferentially to chamber 20.

In the example shown, each member 25 has a groove 31 formed in a predetermined position on a peripheral edge 32 of respective plate 27; a longitudinal guide 33 parallel to axis L is provided inside chamber 20 to engage grooves 31; and members 25 are separated by substantially ring-shaped spacers 35 stacked alternately with members 25 and having respective grooves 36 cooperating with guide 33.

In the Figure 1 embodiment, members 25 are equally spaced along axis L, and plates 27 are all the same thickness. It is understood, however, that both the spacing of members 25 and the thickness of plates 27 may vary in flow direction 23.

Preferably, though not necessarily, holes 26 of each member 25 are all of the same diameter. The holes 26 of consecutive members 25, however, may differ in diameter, and preferably get smaller in diameter in flow direction 23 inside chamber 20. Holes 26 of each member 25 may also be arranged randomly, as opposed to regularly as described above, providing the randomly arranged holes 26 of consecutive members 25 are offset.

Figure 4 shows an optional member 25c, which may, for example, be used as the first member in the succession of members 25, and which has through holes 26 larger in diameter than holes 26 of succeeding members 25, spaced in the form of a hexagon, and centrally symmetric about axis L.

In the Figure 5 variation, members 25 again comprise respective substantially flat, circular, perforated plates 27, and each member 25 has again a groove (not shown in Fig. 5 for the sake of simplicity) engaging guide 33; spacers 35 are carried integrally in one piece with plates 27, and are defined by respective projecting peripheral collars 37 of members 25. Collars 37 project axially on both sides of respective plates 27, but may obviously also project from one side only. Each collar 37 has two diametrically opposite axial projections 38a, 38b of different cross sections (e.g. a substantially rectangular-section projection 38a, and a substantially circular-section projection 38b); and two seats 39, each of the same shape as a corresponding projection 38a, 38b. Projections 38a, 38b of each member 25 are inserted inside seats 39 on the succeeding member to align members 25 with respect to one another and connect each member 25 circumferentially to the succeeding member.

In actual use, when valve assembly 3, controlled by float 15, is opened, as known, to fill the tank, water flows into chamber 20 through inlet 21, and down through chamber 20 substantially in flow direction 23. Before flowing out through outlet 22, the water flows down chamber 20 through holes 26, and therefore along the labyrinth path (i.e. a number of winding coil-like or zigzag paths) defined by members 25, thus significantly reducing the noise level when filling the tank, as confirmed by tests.

Clearly, changes may be made to the device as described and illustrated herein without, however, departing from the scope of the present invention.

In particular, the water inside chamber 20 may be circulated upwards, as opposed to downwards as described above. Also, chamber 20 may be located upstream, as opposed to downstream, from valve assembly 3, as illustrated for example in EP-A-424274, so that chamber 20 and members 25 also dampen the vibration induced by the transient state when closing valve assembly 3, thus further reducing the overall noise level. To improve flow through chamber 20 and the noise-reducing performance of members 25, changes may be made to the spacing of members 25, the arrangement, shape and/or size of holes 26, and the thickness of plates 27.


Anspruch[de]
Geräuschgedämpfte Vorrichtung (1) zum Einlassen bzw. Zuführen von Wasser in einen Behälter, insbesondere zum Füllen eines Spülkastens, umfassend eine Kammer (20) für den Durchtritt eines Wasserstroms bzw. flusses; wobei die Kammer (20) einen Strom ablenkende Glieder (25) aufnimmt und einen Einlaß (21) und einen Auslaß (22) umfaßt, welche eine Strömungsrichtung (23) definieren; wobei die Glieder (25) perforierte Glieder sind, welche aufeinanderfolgend angeordnet und im wesentlichen in der Strömungsrichtung (23) beabstandet sind und wobei jedes der Glieder (25) wenigstens ein Durchtrittsloch (26) aufweist; wobei die Löcher (26) von aufeinanderfolgenden Gliedern in bezug aufeinander versetzt sind, um im Inneren der Kammer (20) einen gewundenen spulenartigen oder Zickzack-Pfad bzw. -Weg für den Strom zu definieren; wobei die Vorrichtung dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, daß sie in Umfangsrichtung verlaufende verbindende bzw. Umfangsverbindungsmittel (31, 33) zum jeweiligen Verbinden der Glieder (25) in Umfangsrichtung mit der Kammer (20) umfaßt, um eine Winkelrotation der Glieder (25) relativ zu der Kammer (20) zu verhindern. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Umfangsverbindungsmittel (31, 33) eine Führung (33) umfassen, welche sich in Längsrichtung im Inneren der Kammer (20) erstreckt und mit den Gliedern (25) zusammenwirkt. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jedes der Glieder (25) eine Rille bzw. Nut (31) aufweist, welche in einer vorbestimmten Position an einem Umfangsrand bzw. einer Umfangskante (32) des Glieds ausgebildet ist und die Führung (33) ergreift. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Glieder (25) entsprechende Anzahlen von Durchtrittslöchern (26) aufweisen; wobei die Löcher von aufeinanderfolgenden Gliedern relativ zueinander versetzt sind, um im Inneren der Kammer einen Labyrinthweg für den Strom zu definieren. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Löcher (26) von aufeinanderfolgenden Gliedern (25) kleiner im Durchmesser in der Strömungsrichtung (23) im Inneren der Kammer (20) werden. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jedes Glied (25) eine Anzahl von Löchern (26) aufweist, welche in der Form eines Dreiecks beabstandet und symmetrisch relativ zu einem geometrischen Zentrum (28) des Glieds (25) sind; wobei die Löcher von aufeinanderfolgenden Gliedern relativ zueinander versetzt sind, um im Inneren der Kammer einen Labyrinthweg für den Strom zu definieren. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Glieder (25) in Querrichtung im Inneren der Kammer (20) positioniert sind und aufeinanderfolgend angeordnet und im wesentlichen entlang der Längsachse (L) der Kammer voneinander beabstandet sind. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Glieder (25) durch Abstandhalter (35) getrennt sind. Vorrichtung nach dem vorangehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Abstandhalter (35) im wesentlichen ringförmig und abwechselnd mit den Gliedern (25) gestapelt sind. Vorrichtung nach dem vorangehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß jedes der Glieder (25) wenigstens einen axialen Vorsprung (38a, 38b) aufweist, welcher einen entsprechenden Sitz (39) ergreift, welcher in dem nachfolgenden Glied ausgebildet ist. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Glieder (25) jeweilige, im wesentlichen flach perforierte Platten (27) und entsprechende vorragende Umfangskragen bzw. -ränder (37) umfassen; wobei jeder der Kragen (37) axial an dem Kragen eines nachfolgenden Glieds ruht bzw. aufliegt, um die Platten (27) zu trennen. Vorrichtung nach dem vorangehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Platten (27) im wesentlichen normal bzw. senkrecht zu einer Längsachse (L) der Kammer (20) positioniert sind und entsprechende Anzahlen von Durchtrittslöchern (26) im wesentlichen parallel zu der Achse (L) aufweisen.
Anspruch[en]
A silent-operating device (1) for feeding water into a tank, in particular for filling a lavatory flush tank, comprising a chamber (20) for the passage of a flow of water; said chamber (20) housing flow deflecting members (25), and comprising an inlet (21) and an outlet (22) defining a flow direction (23); said members (25) being perforated members arranged successively and spaced apart substantially in said flow direction (23) and each of said members (25) having at least one through hole (26); the holes (26) of consecutive members being offset with respect to one another to define, inside the chamber (20), a winding coil-like or zigzag path for said flow; the device being characterized by comprising circumferential connecting means (31, 33) for connecting each of said members (25) circumferentially to said chamber (20) so as to prevent angular rotation of the members (25) with respect to the chamber (20). A device as claimed in Claim 1, characterized in that said circumferential connecting means (31, 33) comprise a guide (33) extending longitudinally inside said chamber (20) and cooperating with said members (25). A device as claimed in Claim 2, characterized in that each of said members (25) has a groove (31) formed in a predetermined position on a peripheral edge (32) of the member and engaging said guide (33). A device as claimed in one of the foregoing Claims, characterized in that said members (25) have respective numbers of through holes (26); the holes of consecutive members being offset with respect to one another to define, inside the chamber, a labyrinth path for said flow. A device as claimed in Claim 4, characterized in that the holes (26) of consecutive members (25) get smaller in diameter in the flow direction (23) inside the chamber (20). A device as claimed in one of the foregoing Claims, characterized in that each member (25) has a number of holes (26) spaced in the form of a triangle and symmetric with respect to a geometric centre (28) of the member (25); the holes of consecutive members being offset with respect to one another to define, inside the chamber, a labyrinth path for said flow. A device as claimed in one of the foregoing Claims, characterized in that said members (25) are positioned transversely inside the chamber (20), and are arranged successively and spaced apart substantially along the longitudinal axis (L) of the chamber. A device as claimed in one of the foregoing Claims, characterized in that said members (25) are separated by spacers (35). A device as claimed in the foregoing Claim, characterized in that said spacers (35) are substantially ring-shaped and stacked alternately with said members (25). A device as claimed in the foregoing Claim, characterized in that each of said members (25) has at least one axial projection (38a, 38b) which engages a corresponding seat (39) formed in the consecutive member. A device as claimed in one of the foregoing Claims, characterized in that said members (25) comprise respective substantially flat, perforated plates (27), and respective projecting peripheral collars (37); each of said collars (37) resting axially on the collar of a consecutive member to separate said plates (27). A device as claimed in the foregoing Claim, characterized in that said plates (27) are positioned substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis (L) of the chamber (20), and have respective numbers of through holes (26) substantially parallel to said axis (L).
Anspruch[fr]
Dispositif silencieux (1) pour introduire de l'eau dans un réservoir, en particulier pour remplir un réservoir de chasse d'eau de toilettes, comprenant une chambre (20) pour le passage d'un écoulement d'eau ; ladite chambre (20) renfermant des éléments de déviation de l'écoulement (25), et comprenant une entrée (21) et une sortie (22) qui définissent une direction d'écoulement (23) ; lesdits éléments (25) étant des éléments perforés disposés successivement et espacés les uns des autres pratiquement dans ladite direction d'écoulement (23) et chacun desdits éléments (25) présentant au moins un trou traversant (26) ; les trous (26) des éléments consécutifs étant décalés les uns par rapports aux autres pour définir un trajet en forme de spire d'enroulement ou en zigzag pour ledit écoulement à l'intérieur de la chambre (20) ; le dispositif étant caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend des moyens de liaison circonférentiels (31, 33) servant à relier circonférentiellement chacun desdits éléments (25) à ladite chambre (20) de manière à empêcher une rotation angulaire des éléments (25) par rapport à la chambre (20). Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que lesdits moyens de liaison circonférentiels (31, 33) comprennent un guide (33) s'étendant longitudinalement à l'intérieur de ladite chambre (20) et coopérant avec lesdits éléments (25). Dispositif selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que chacun desdits éléments (25) possède une rainure (31) formée sur un bord périphérique (32) de l'élément dans une position prédéterminée et qui coopère avec ledit guide (33). Dispositif selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que lesdits éléments (25) ont des nombres respectifs de trous traversants (26) ; les trous des éléments consécutifs étant décalés les uns par rapport aux autres pour définir un trajet en labyrinthe pour ledit écoulement à l'intérieur de la chambre. Dispositif selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que les trous (26) des éléments (25) consécutifs diminuent de diamètre dans la direction d'écoulement (23) à l'intérieur de la chambre (20). Dispositif selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que chaque élément (25) présente un certain nombre de trous (26) espacés selon la forme d'un triangle et symétriques par rapport à un centre géométrique (28) de l'élément (25), les trous des éléments consécutifs étant décalés les uns par rapport aux autres pour définir un trajet en labyrinthe pour ledit écoulement à l'intérieur de la chambre. Dispositif selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que lesdits éléments (25) sont positionnés transversalement à l'intérieur de ladite chambre (20) et sont arrangés successivement et espacés les uns des autres pratiquement le long de l'axe longitudinal (L) de la chambre. Dispositif selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que lesdits éléments (25) sont séparés par des entretoises (35). Dispositif selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que lesdites entretoises (35) sont pratiquement en forme d'anneau et empilées en alternance avec lesdits éléments (25). Dispositif selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que chacun desdits éléments (25) possède au moins une saillie axiale (38a, 38b) qui coopère avec un logement correspondant (39) formé dans l'élément consécutif. Dispositif selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que lesdits éléments (25) comprennent des plaques perforées respectives (27) pratiquement plates, et des collets périphériques saillants respectifs (37) ; chacun desdits collets (37) reposant axialement sur le collet d'un élément consécutif pour espacer lesdites plaques (27). Dispositif selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que lesdites plaques (27) sont positionnées pratiquement perpendiculairement à un axe longitudinal (L) de la chambre (20) et ont des nombres respectifs de trous traversants (26) sensiblement parallèles audit axe (L).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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