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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1719644 21.12.2006
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001719644
Titel Antirollstab und System zu seiner Betätigung
Anmelder Fiat Auto S.p.A., Turin/Torino, IT
Erfinder Rostagno, Idi Luigi, 10135 Torino, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 05.05.2006
EP-Aktenzeichen 060093382
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 08.11.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 21.12.2006
IPC-Hauptklasse B60G 17/016(2006.01)A, F, I, 20061010, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to an active anti-roll bar for the rear suspension of a motor vehicle and to its actuation system. The invention applies in particular to a rear axle of the type with interconnected wheels.

The dynamic behaviour of the vehicle is determined by the roll stiffness of the suspensions of the two axles and by their ratio. As is known to persons skilled in the branch, if the stabilizing roll stiffness of the rear axle is increased by using a more rigid anti-roll bar, the vehicle is rendered more oversteering and hence with characteristics of dynamic behaviour that resemble more those of a sports car.

Since the anti-roll bar acts in conditions of asymmetrical shimmying on bends, it does not affect the stiffness of the suspension when travelling in a straight line and hence enables an acceptable travelling comfort to be maintained.

The possibility of adjusting in a continuous or discrete way the stiffness of the rear anti-roll bar in the suspension of a motor vehicle enables variation of setting of the attitude of the vehicle between a style of driving that is more or less sporting.

In state-of-the-art solutions, the possibility of modifying the torsional rigidity of the anti-roll bar is entrusted to linear or rotational actuators, which counteract the movement of the bar itself induced by rolling of the car by applying forces at its ends (in the case of linear actuators), or by countering the rotation of their central part divided into two portions (in the case of rotational actuators). These devices have a high cost and are heavy in so far as the actuators, at the moment of adjustment of the stiffness of the bar, must counteract the thrust of the bar itself.

Other simpler systems envisage, instead, the possibility to vary the torsional rigidity of the bar, modifying its path (by variation or replacement of the median stretch), or to change the position of the twisting section, causing translation of the bar on its constraints.

Whereas for the solutions described above the variation in stiffness of the anti-roll bar could be obtained even with the vehicle moving, in these latter simpler solutions the adjustment is made exclusively with the vehicle stationary.

The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the aforesaid drawbacks by providing a system for adjustment of the stiffness of the torsion bar that will be of low cost and weight and will enable its actuation even when the vehicle is moving.

The aforesaid purpose is achieved by the present invention, the subject of which is an active torsion bar for motor vehicles and a system for its actuation that present the characteristics specified in Claim 1 and Claim 3, respectively.

Further characteristics and advantages will emerge clearly from the ensuing description, with reference to the annexed plate of drawings, which are provided purely by way of non-limiting example and in which:

  • Figure 1 is a top plan view of a rear suspension of a motor vehicle provided with the bar according to the invention and its actuating system;
  • Figure 2 is a more detailed, enlarged view of one side of the suspension of Figure 1;
  • Figure 3 is a schematic front view of the bar according to the invention and of part of its actuation system; and
  • Figure 4 is a schematic side view of part of the torsion bar of the invention and of its adjustment system.

With general reference to the figures, designated by 1 is the rear suspension of a motor vehicle of the type with interconnected wheels, constituted by two longitudinal arms 3 connected to one another by a transverse twisting axle 5, obtained using a metal tube open at its ends. Inserted within the axle 5 is a torsion bar 7, constituted by a metal plate having a rectangular cross section. The two ends of the torsion bar 7 are fixed to two cylindrical parts, referred to herein as rotors 9, which are designed to turn within the axle 5 via the interposition of bearings 11, preferably smooth or of the roller type, between the rotors and the internal surface of the axle 5. The rotors each present, facing the ends of the axle 5, an internal gear 13, the internal teeth of which mesh with a reduction gear 15 supported in rotation by the respective rotor. The reduction gear 15 meshes with a driving gear 17 fitted on the output shaft 19 of a rotational actuator 21 for each side of the axle 5 and hence for each end of the torsion bar 7, which, in the application described, is an electric motor.

The electric actuator can be driven by an electronic control unit, integrated with other control systems of the vehicle, using for example, as input signal, the attitude angle of the vehicle or else the angular velocity of the wheels of the two axles.

In the solution proposed by the invention, the variation of roll stiffness of the suspension is provided by varying the angular position of the leaf shaped torsion bar 7. The different torsional rigidity that the rectangular section makes possible according to the angular position with respect to its longitudinal axis enables a continuous variation of roll stiffness from a minimum to a maximum, performing a rotation through 90°of the section of the bar itself.

Of course, numerous variant embodiments of the actuator device are possible, without thereby departing from the sphere of protection of the annexed claims. Thus, for example, it will be possible to install hydraulic actuators instead of electric actuators to provide rotational movement of the bar, of course by means of a suitable device for transmitting motion, thus enabling an additional mechanical thrust to be exerted to achieve a higher torsional rigidity of the bar.

In addition, it will be possible to position the bar outside the twisting axle in the case where the latter is not made using a tube.


Anspruch[en]
A torsion bar for the rear axle (1) of a motor vehicle of the type which presents two longitudinal arms (3) connected by a transverse twisting axle (5), said axle being made of a metal tube open at its ends, said torsion bar being characterized in that it presents a rectangular cross section. The torsion bar (7) according to Claim 1, characterized in that it is set within the twisting axle. A control system for the torsion bar according to Claim 1, characterized in that set at each end of the bar (7) is a rotational actuator (21) designed to cause rotation of said bar (7) about its longitudinal axis through an angle of at least 90°. The control system for the torsion bar according to Claim 1, characterized in that the rotational actuators (21) act on the bar by means of a reduction gear chain (13, 15, 17). The control system for the torsion bar according to Claim 1, characterized in that the bar (7) is fixed at its ends to two rotors (9), which turn on bearings (11) arranged within the axle. The control system for the torsion bar according to Claim 1, characterized in that the actuators (21) are controlled by an electronic control unit. The control system for the torsion bar according to Claim 1, characterized in that the actuators (21) are hydraulic actuators.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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