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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1733816 01.02.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001733816
Titel Walze, Walzring und Verfahren zur Herstellung einer solchen Walze
Anmelder Sandvik Intellectual Property AB, Sandviken, SE
Erfinder Gleizer, Jorge, 124 72 Bandhagen, SE;
Prusic, Milinko, 132 45 Saltsjö-Boo, SE;
Karlsson, Jan-Erik, 135 43 Tyresö, SE
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 30.05.2006
EP-Aktenzeichen 064450364
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 20.12.2006
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 01.02.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse B21B 27/03(2006.01)A, F, I, 20061121, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
Technical Field of the Invention

In a first aspect, this invention relates to a roll of the type that comprises, on one hand, a drive shaft or roll shaft having two axially spaced-apart stop rings, one of which is fixed and the other one is a lock nut, and on the other hand, a number of roll rings placed between the fixed stop ring and the lock nut, which roll rings individually are composed of an outer ring of a hard metal, and a concentric inner ring of a more ductile metal, which is permanently bonded to the outer ring metallurgically, and has a part that projects a distance axially from an end of the outer ring.

Rolls of the type generally mentioned above - which by those skilled in the art are referred to as combi rolls - are in practice used for hot or cold rolling of long narrow products of metal, such as wires, bars, pipes, etc. For this purpose, the roll rings - which in this case are denominated composite roll rings - are formed with a number of circumferential grooves, which form the product in the desired sequence. The number of grooves may vary from only one to a plurality. The capacity of the roll is determined by how many roll rings that can be mounted within the given roll width, such as this is determined by the distance between the fixed stop ring and the lock nut.

Prior Art

An important factor for a lasting good function of such rolls is that the roll rings are rotationally secured in a reliable way, since extremely large torques have to be transferred from the drive shaft to the roll rings without slipping of the rings in relation to each other and in relation to the shaft. In the technique in question, many different proposals have been made (see, for instance, US 4280147 , US 5248289 , US 5558610 , US 5735788 and US 6685611 ) for solutions of the problem of rotationally securing such roll rings that are manufactured from comparatively brittle cemented carbide, and which therefore have good properties as to compressive strength and resistance to wear, but an inferior tensile strength. However, common to previously known rolls is that the elements (e.g. wedges, springs, hydraulic devices) having the purpose of securing the roll rings rotationally all occupy a certain part the roll width, i.e., the available axial space between the fixed stop ring and the lock nut of the shaft.

Objects and Features of the Invention

The present invention aims at obviating the above-mentioned shortcomings of previously known rolls and at providing a roll having an improved capacity. Therefore, in a first aspect, a primary object of the invention is to provide a roll, the composite roll rings of which can be rotationally secured in relation to the roll shaft by way of elements that do not occupy any significant part of the available roll width. Another object is to provide a roll that is easy to manufacture, at the same time as the roll should be possible to redress in a practical way. Yet an object of the invention is to provide a roll, the roll rings of which are rigidly secured in relation to the drive shaft in a way that is at least as strong and reliable as in previously known rolls.

According to the invention, at least the primary object is attained by the features defined in the characterizing clause of claim 1. Preferred embodiments of the roll according to the invention are further defined in the dependent claims 2-6.

In a second aspect, the invention also relates to a roll ring as such. The vital features of this roll ring are defined in the independent claim 7. Preferred embodiments of the roll ring according to the invention are further defined in the dependent claims 8 and 9.

In a third aspect, the invention also relates to a method for the manufacture of rolls according to the invention. What characterizes this method is found in the independent claim 10.

Brief Description of the Appended Drawings

In the drawings:

Fig. 1
is a partly cut side view of a roll according to the invention,
Fig. 2
is an enlarged longitudinal section through only one individual roll ring included in the roll, and
Fig. 3
is a partly cut end view of the roll ring according to Fig. 2.

Detailed Description of a Preferred Embodiment of the Invention

The roll shown partially in Fig. 1 includes a central, drivable shaft or roll shaft 1 having a rotationally symmetrical basic shape. Between two axially spaced-apart stop rings 2, 3, a number of (in this case three) individual roll rings 4 are arranged in the form of composite roll rings. Also the composite roll rings 4 have a rotationally symmetrical basic shape, and are formed with an inner diameter that just slightly exceeds the outer diameter of the cylindrical envelope surface of the shaft 1 extending between the stop rings 2, 3. Thus, the roll rings 4 can be mounted on the shaft with a fine fit.

The stop ring 2 is fixed to the shaft 1, while the stop ring 3 is a lock nut. In the example, the fixed stop ring 2 is a separate component, which is connected to the shaft in such a way that it cannot move axially. The fixed stop ring 2 may, however, also be a ring-shaped shoulder integrated with the rest of the shaft, which shoulder is formed in connection with the machining of the shaft. The second stop ring 2 is a lock nut, i.e. the ring has an internal thread (not shown) that is in engagement with an external thread on the shaft. Furthermore, the lock nut may be secured by way of a locking screw 5 or the like.

Figs. 2 and 3 illustrate more in detail the structure of the individual roll ring 4. Said roll ring has a basic shape that is symmetrical in respect of a central axis C around which the roll ring is rotatable, and coincides with the rotation axis C of the shaft 1 (see Fig. 1). In the roll ring 4, an outer ring 6 of a hard metal is included, as well as a concentric, inner ring 7 of a more ductile metal, which is permanently bonded to the outer ring metallurgically. In practice, the outer ring may be manufactured of such powder components (e.g. tungsten carbide including cobalt as a binder) that are used for the manufacture of conventional cemented-carbide inserts by pressing and sintering. In the inner ring 7, nodular or cast iron may be used. In the envelope surface 8 of the hard outer ring 6, a number of circumferential grooves 9 are formed in which the hot metal is rolled.

As is clearly seen in Fig. 2, the more ductile inner ring 7 is somewhat wider than the outer ring 6 and projects somewhat from the two opposite end surfaces 10, 11 thereof. In the example, the projecting parts are designated 12, 13 and are in the form of flanges, which differ in thickness. More precisely, the flange 12 is considerably thicker than the flange 13. The thick flange 12 is delimited by, on one hand, a planar, ring-shaped end surface 14, which extends perpendicularly to the rotation axis C, and on the other hand an external cylinder surface 15 and an internal cylinder surface 16, which is a part of the entire inner surface of the inner ring. In an analogous way, the thinner flange 13 is delimited by a planar, ring-shaped end surface 17 and an external cylinder surface 18. Thus, each individual flange 12, 13 has an outer diameter that, on one hand, is larger than the inner diameter of the outer ring 6, and on the other hand is smaller than the outer diameter of the outer ring, the end surfaces 10, 11 of the outer ring being partly embedded in the flanges, and metallurgically bonded to these in the same way as in the cylindrical interface between the inside of the outer ring and the outside of the inner ring.

As far as the shown roll and roll rings have been described hitherto, the same are in all essentials previously known.

New and characteristic of the roll according to the invention is that the individual roll ring 4 is rigidly connected to the shaft 1 by way of one or more locking pins 19, which are inserted in through holes 20 in one of the flanges, viz. flange 12, of the inner ring 7 and engage holes or seats 21, which mouth in the envelope surface of the shaft 1 and extend a distance into the shaft body. As is seen in Fig. 3, in this case, the individual roll ring includes six such through holes 20, which are equidistantly spaced-apart along the periphery of the ring. Most preferably - though not necessarily - the holes and the appurtenant locking pins are radially oriented, so far that the centre axis A of the holes (see Fig. 2) extends perpendicularly to the rotation axis C. In this connection, the angles &agr; between adjacent holes are equally large. More precisely, the angle &agr; in the embodiment example amounts to 60°.

Although the cross-section shape of the holes and the locking pins is not critical to the realization of the invention, it is in practice preferred to make the same having a rotationally symmetrical, preferably cylindrical shape. A cylindrical bore 22 is formed suitably centrally inside the pin body, the diameter of which bore is considerably smaller than the external diameter of the locking pin. In this bore, a tool can be inserted, e.g., a screw, by way of which the locking pin can be pulled out of the holes 20, 21 when the roll rings shall be dismounted from the shaft.

The fit between the locking pin 19 and the holes 20, 21 should be fine. More precisely, the inner diameter of the holes should be at most 0,03 mm larger than the outer diameter of the locking pin. As is seen in Fig. 1, only a smaller part of the total length of the locking pin 19 is housed in the hole or the seat 21 in the shaft, while the greater part of the same is housed in the hole 20 in the flange 12. In practice, at most 1/3 of the length of the locking pin should be housed in the shaft hole 21.

The manufacture or the assembly of the described roll takes place in the following way.

In one step, the shaft 1 is machined and equipped with a fixed stop ring 2 and a lock nut 3. In another step, the composite roll rings 4 are manufactured, e.g., in the general way disclosed in US 5248289 . However, in contrast to the roll rings disclosed in this patent document, the roll ring according to the present invention is formed with the radial holes 20 that extend through the flange 12. Most suitably, this is carried out by drilling, although without the holes being given their final diameter. In other words, the holes are drilled with a certain, remaining machining allowance. In the next step, the roll rings 4 are mounted on the shaft 1, and then the lock nut 3 is tightened, the roll rings 4 being pressed in close contact against each other and against the fixed stop ring 2. When this has been effected, each hole 20 in the flanges 12 is drilled at the same time as a hole or seat 21 in the proper shaft is drilled. In other words, one and the same drill (having substantially the same diameter as the locking pin) is inserted so deep that it penetrates into the shaft. In conclusion, the locking pins 19 are applied in the appurtenant holes and are secured in the same in a suitable way in order not to be thrown out when the roll rotates. The retention of the locking pins may be provided by, for instance, a glue layer in the contact surfaces between the pins and the holes. In this state, the roll rings are rigidly connected to the shaft without the help of any axially projecting coupling elements (such as lock keys) in the interface between adjacent roll rings. Thus, the planar end surfaces of the roll rings abut closely against each other, the rotational securing being guaranteed by elements, viz. the locking pins, which are housed in the space between the two end surfaces of the roll ring.

A substantial advantage of the roll according to the invention is that the number of roll rings and grooves associated therewith can be optimized for any given roll width. In the type of roll shown in Fig. 1, it was previously possible to mount only two roll rings each having three grooves, i.e., the roll included six grooves. In accordance with the inventive locking of the roll rings, now three roll rings each having three grooves can be mounted. In other words, the number of active roll grooves has increased by 50 %.

Feasible Modifications of the Invention

The invention is not limited to the embodiment described above and shown in the drawings. Thus, the projecting part of the inner ring of the roll ring may have the same outer diameter as the rest of inner ring, i.e., the projecting part does not embed the end surface of the outer ring even partially. In addition, the inner ring may be formed without any projecting part at the opposite end thereof. In other words, one end of the inner ring 7 may terminate in the same plane as the end surface of the outer ring.


Anspruch[en]
Roll, comprising, on one hand, a drivable shaft (1) that has two axially spaced-apart stop rings (2, 3), one (2) of which is fixed and the other one is a lock nut (3), and on the other hand a number of roll rings (4) placed between the fixed stop ring and the lock nut, which roll rings individually are composed of an outer ring (6) of a hard metal, and a concentric, inner ring (7) of a more ductile metal, which is permanently bonded to the outer ring metallurgically, and has a part (12) that projects a distance axially from an end (10) of the outer ring (6), characterized in that the individual roll ring (4) is rigidly connected to the shaft (1) by way of one or more locking pins (19), which are inserted in through holes (20) in the projecting part (12) of the inner ring, and engage holes (21) in the shaft (1). Roll according to claim 1, the shaft (1) as well as the individual roll ring (4) having a basic shape that is rotationally symmetrical in respect of an axis (C) around which the roll is rotatable, characterized in that the individual locking pin (19) is radially oriented so far that it has a centre axis (A) that is perpendicular to the geometrical shaft (C). Roll according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the individual roll ring (4) is secured to the shaft (1) by way of a plurality of locking pins (19), which are equidistantly and equiangularly spaced-apart. Roll according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that not only the individual locking pin (19), but also the holes (21, 20) in the shaft (1) and in the projecting part (12) of the inner ring (7) of the roll ring have a rotationally symmetrical shape. Roll according to claim 4, characterized in that the rotationally symmetrical shape is cylindrical, and that the inner diameter of the holes (20, 21) is at most 0,03 mm larger than the outer diameter of the locking pin (19). Roll according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that adjacent roll rings (4) along the shaft are pressed in close contact against each other via contact surfaces in the form of planar, ring-shaped end surfaces (13, 14), which are unbroken so far that they lack projections and/or countersinks. Roll ring, comprising an outer ring (6) of a hard metal, and a concentric inner ring (7) of a more ductile metal, which is permanently bonded to the outer ring metallurgically, at least one part (12) of the inner ring (7) projecting a distance axially from an end (10) of the outer ring (6), characterized in that, in the projecting part (12) of the inner ring, one or more holes (20) are formed that extend continuously between the outside (15) and inside (16) of the part. Roll ring according to claim 7, characterized in that, in the projecting part (12) of the inner ring (7), a plurality of holes (20) are formed, which are equidistantly and equiangularly spaced-apart. Roll ring according to claim 7 or 8, characterized in that the projecting part or flange (12) of the inner ring (7) is delimited by a planar, ring-shaped end surface (14), which is unbroken so far that it lacks projections and/or countersinks. A method in the production of rolls of the type that comprises a shaft (1) that has two axially separated stop rings (2, 3), one (2) of which is fixed, and the other one is a lock nut (3), as well as a number of roll rings (4) placed between the fixed stop ring and the lock nut, which roll rings individually is composed of an outer ring (6) of a hard metal, and a concentric, inner ring (7) of a more ductile metal, which is permanently bonded to the outer ring metallurgically, and has a part (12) that projects a distance axially from an end (10) of the outer ring (6), characterized by the steps of forming the individual roll ring (4) with one or more through holes (20) in the projecting part (12) of the inner ring (7), applying the roll ring to the shaft (1) together with one or more other roll rings, tightening the lock nut (3) in order to press the roll rings against each other, drilling holes (21) in the shaft (1) in the extension of the holes (20) in the inner rings of the roll rings, and mounting locking pins (19) in the holes (20, 21).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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