PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1551235 15.02.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001551235
Titel ERHALTUNG VON VERFAHRENSEMPFINDLICHEN ZUTATEN IN EINEM ENERGIE-NAHRUNGSMITTEL DURCH PRODUKTKOMPARTIMENTIERUNG
Anmelder Mars Inc., McLean, Va., US
Erfinder RAPP, L., Edward, Blairstown, NJ 07825, US;
LEE, Ralph, Hampton, NJ 08827, US;
TROY, Jamie, Columbia, NJ 07832, US;
DIDO, Jeannette, Hoboken, NJ 07030, US;
MANN, Douglas, Belvidere, NJ 07823, US;
COLLINS, Thomas, Nazareth, PA 18064, US;
RABINOVITCH, Kevin, Redondo Beach, CA 90277, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60310969
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 15.10.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 037707684
WO-Anmeldetag 15.10.2003
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/US03/32695
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2004034816
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 29.04.2004
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 13.07.2005
EP date of grant 03.01.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 15.02.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse A23L 1/164(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse A21C 1/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention

The present invention is directed to a method of preparing an energy food product having at least one process sensitive ingredient. The base energy food components are processed at a temperature and shear sufficient to form a homogeneous base energy food matrix. Subsequently, at least one process sensitive component is mixed with the homogeneous base energy food matrix at a temperature and shear that does not deleteriously effect the process sensitive component.

Related Background Art

Food products that identify themselves as energy food products are gaining in popularity among all consumers. The thought of eating a nutritious food product that is shelf stable and packaged in a portable form is appealing to most people, especially individuals who feel they need a functional benefit from the nutrients offered by such products. Other products, such as for example, granola bars and fruit snacks have gained in popularity by offering consumers natural food ingredients that are perceived to be nutritious.

US-A-4055669 discloses a high protein fat-occluded food composition useful as a binder, and a food or breakfast bar product prepared therefrom. The binder composition comprises edible solid particles including a protein source coated with an edible fat. The presence of the fat as a coating on the edible particles masks flavors arising from the protein. The binder composition contains at least about 15% by weight protein, between about 33% and about 85% by weight fat and up to about 52% by weight carbohydrate. The food bar product comprises cereal particles bound together with the binder composition of the invention.

[0003a] US-A-5079012 relates to the production of a shelf stable unleavened cookie composition which can be leavened to exhibit a cookie crumb-like structure after baking in a convection, radio frequency, or microwave oven. The cookie composition is prepared by using a cooker extruder to mix ingredients and to heat the ingredients to preferably at least about 200°F (93°C) to promote browning and flavor development. The cookie composition produced using the cooker extruder is shaped into cookie preforms, and leavened by heating in an oven such as a microwave, convection oven, or a combination thereof. Water or a source of water may be admixed with the cookie mixture in an amount sufficient to form a dough-like consistency. The water may be admixed in the extruder after the heating stage to prevent fat separation or alternatively after the cookie composition has cooled and before use by the consumer. The cookie composition may contain a heat or shear sensitive additive. The additive is admixed with the heat treated cookie composition under conditions such that the additive is not deactivated.

[0003b] However, the energy food products that are currently marketed are typically bars formed from a homogeneous mass of a mixture. These products do not appeal to many consumers, who prefer a more food like format. Moreover, the homogeneity of the bar/extruded mass provides for a product that has a singular taste. A more appealing alternative is needed to provide consumers with the nutritional or functional benefits they seek in a format that consumers find desirable with sensory variation and variety.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A process for preparing an energy food product comprising the steps of (a) processing at least one base energy food component at a temperature and shear sufficient to form a homogeneous base energy food matrix; and (b) subsequently mixing at least one process sensitive component with said homogeneous base energy food matrix at a temperature that is less than 80°C and shear from mixing performed in a mixer having an agitator with an agitator tip speed relative to a wall of the mixer of 0.25 to 7.5 metres/minute and an agitator tip to mixer wall gap greater than about 1.0mm so the mixing does not deleteriously effect said process sensitive component, wherein said energy food product has 2 to 55g of carbohydrate 1 to 5g of fortification component, 5 to 40g of protein, 2 to 8g of fat and 170 to 300 calories, based on a 55g serving size

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The energy food product of the present invention is processed in a manner such that process sensitive components are not deleteriously effected.

For the purposes of the present invention, energy food products are food products that are shelf stable, in a portable form, and based on a 55 g serving size provides 2 to 55 g of carbohydrates, 1 to 5 g of fortification components (e.g., vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, herbs, etc.), 5 to 40 g of protein, 2 to 8 g of fat, 170 to 300 calories, and has a moisture content of at least about 3% by weight.

The present invention provides a process for preparing an energy food product, which contains at least one process sensitive component. Applicants have discovered that by controlling the temperature and shear energy imparted on a process sensitive component, harmful and deleterious effects on the process sensitive component can be reduced or minimized.

A homogeneous base energy food matrix is formed by processing one or more base energy food components. Typically, shearing forces, which tear and break apart pieces are applied to the base energy food components to form a homogeneous mass.

The processing step is performed at a temperature and shear sufficient to form the homogeneous base energy food matrix. Typically, the processing step is performed at a temperature from 50 °C to 180 °C. Preferably, from 60 °C to 120 °C, and more preferably, from 60 °C to 100 °C.

Shear forces originating from mixing, extruding, pumping, cutting, particle size reduction operations, and the like, may be used to form the homogeneous base energy food matrix. The shear forces are preferably generated during a mixing operation. The mixer should have an agitator, where the agitator is capable of generating an agitator tip speed (relative to a wall of the mixer) of 10 to 50 meters/minute. In a preferred embodiment, the agitator tip speed is 20 to 40 meters/minute. Consideration should also be given to the gap formed between the agitator tip to the mixer wall. The gap should be from 0.025 to 0.5 mm. Preferably from 0.125 to 0.25 mm.

Additional shear forces may be encountered by transporting the in process product through process piping, valves, strainers, filters, and the like.

The process sensitive components, include, but are not limited to, a fortification component, a friable component, a flavor component, a shear sensitive inclusion component, and the like. Vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, essential oils, herbals, and polyphenols are non-limiting examples of the fortification component. Friable and shear sensitive components include, but are not limited to, soy crisps, rice crisps, cookies, nut meats, baked inclusions, fried inclusions, roasted inclusions, extruded food inclusions, encapsulated components, and the like. Flavor components are, for example, vanilla, butter, cinnamon, nutmeg, spices, whole grains, grain flakes, natural and artificial flavors, and the like.

The product design will ultimately dictate the amount of the process sensitive components that will be included in the energy food product of the present invention. As a guideline, 1 wt.% to 70 wt.%, preferably 3 wt.% to 60 wt.%, and most preferably 5 wt.% to 50 wt.%, of the process sensitive components will be present in the energy food product, based on the total weight of the energy food product.

To incorporate the process sensitive component into the homogeneous base energy food matrix requires mixing. The mixing device should be selected such that the shearing action imparted on the process sensitive component is sufficient to mix the process sensitive component into the homogeneous base matrix without affecting the process sensitive component in a deleterious way. Suitable mixers include, but are not limited to, mixers with an agitator, mixers without an agitator, static mixers, paddle blenders, ribbon blenders, and the like. When mixing is performed in a mixer with an agitator, shear forces are minimized by operating the agitator at a low speed, such that the tip speed of the agitator is 0.25 to 7.5 meters/minute (relative to a wall of the mixer). Preferably, the agitator tip speed is 2 to 6 meters/minute. Shear forces are also influenced by the gap between the tip of the agitator and the mixer wall. The gap is set to be greater than 1.0 mm, preferably, greater than about 2.5 mm, and more preferably, between 2.5 to 75 mm.

In one particular embodiment, mixing is performed in a continuous fashion.

The temperature of the mixing step can also have an effect on the process sensitive component. In order to substantially reduce deleterious effects, mixing should be performed at a temperature that is less than 80 °C. Preferably, the temperature is less than 65 °C, and more preferably, less than 50 °C. In one embodiment, the mixing step is performed at a temperature of from 30 °C to 50 °C.

The base energy food components are comprised of a binder and a food component. The food components in the energy food components may be, for example, protein, starch, cocoa powder, grains, cereals, rice, nuts, nut meat flour, sugars, fruit inclusions, chocolate pieces, vegetable inclusions, and the like.

Protein is a nutritional supplement that is frequently included as a food component. It functions as a nutrient that helps with the growth and repair of body tissues. For adults, many dietary guidelines recommend that a person consume approximately 0.6g of protein per kilogram of body weight per day. Higher levels are recommended for individuals that are more physically active. In addition, protein can be used as a source of energy. One gram of protein provides about 4 kcal of energy. Suitable protein sources include, but are not limited to, soy protein, milk protein, egg protein, peanut flour, nut meats, and combinations thereof.

Starch is another food component that is frequently included. It is classified as a carbohydrate, which serves as a source of energy for the body and is also used as a bulking component. The starch may be, for example, corn starch, oat, rice, corn, wheat, barley, sorghum, and the like.

Other bulking components include, but are not limited to, salt, sugar, nut meat flour, protein, cocoa powder, flavor components, and the like.

The food component is present in an amount of from 25 wt.% to 95 wt.% based on the total weight of the energy food product. Preferably, the food component is from 35 wt.% to 75 wt.% of the total weight of the energy food product.

The other essential component in the base energy food component is a binder. The binder aids in increasing the tackiness and/or stickiness of the food component, so that the food component will adhere to other similar or dissimilar components, when necessary. Suitable binders include, but are not limited to, sugar syrup, corn syrup, fat, a hydrocolloid solution, water, and combinations thereof.

The hydrocolloid solution may be made of carageneen, guar, xanthum, pectin, casein, cellulose, protein, and the like.

The binder makes up from 5 wt.% to 75 wt.% of the energy food product based on the total weight of the energy food product. Preferably, the binder is from 25 wt.% to 65 wt.% of the total weight of the energy food product.

Optionally, additional components may be included in order to provide an organoleptically acceptable final energy food product for consumption. For example, natural and artificial flavors, sweeteners, fruits, salt, flavor enhancers, color additives, emulsifiers, stabilizers, fats, preservatives, and the like, may be included in the energy food product.

The energy food product of the present invention has from 20 wt.% to 100 wt.% of the base energy food components based on the total weight of the energy food product. In a preferred embodiment, there is 20 wt.% to 75 wt.% of the base energy food components and in a more preferred embodiment, there is 25 wt.% to 60 wt.% of the base energy food components.

Optionally, the energy food product may include ingredients such as, for example, fruit gels, fruit pastes, caramel, icings, colorings, flavors, and the like. These ingredients may be present in the energy food product in an amount from 0 wt.% to 30 wt.%.

EXAMPLE 1

<u>Table 1-Pre Blend Mixture</u> Ingredient Corn Syrup Blend Consisting of one or more ingredients selected from the list of: High Fructose, Corn Syrup, Honey and 63 DE corn syrup Protein Blend Consisting of one or more ingredients selected from the list of: Vegetable or Animal Protein, Whey Protein Isolate, Calcium Caseinate, Soy Protein Isolate and peanut flour or their derivatives Salt Flavorings Artificial and/or Natural flavors such as vanillin, cinnamon and cocoa powder
<u>Table 2-Fortification Slurry</u> Ingredient Percent by Weight Glycerin 17.7 Fortification Blend 32.4 Corn Syrup 49.9 100.0
<u>Table 3</u> Component Percent by Weight Pre Blend Mixture 69.3 Fortification Slurry 20.7 Soy Crisps 10.0 100.0

The ingredients as set forth in Table 1 were processed in a Teledyne Readco Continuous processor to produce a Pre Blend Mixture. All ingredients were metered simultaneously to the infeed throat of the processor. The processor was equipped with feed screws at the inlet followed by forward helical mixing elements for the remaining length. The speed of the mixing elements was about 60 RPM with a resulting tip speed of about 10 meters/min. The tip to wall clearance was about 0.25 mm.

The corn syrup blend was heated and maintained at 65 °C prior to metering into the processor. The processor was equipped with a jacket maintained at 60 °C. The residence time in the processor was approximately 1 minute. The shear imparted in the processor was sufficient to produce a homogeneous mixture. That mixture had a final temperature upon exiting the processor of 60 °C. The Pre Blend Mixture was delivered directly to a Scott paddle blender. The ingredients as set forth in Table 2, the Fortification Slurry, and soy crisps were metered to the paddle blender with the Pre Blend Mixture in the ratio as set forth in Table 3. The Pre Blend Mixture, the soy crisps and Fortification Slurry were blended together in the paddle blender continuously. The paddle blender had an agitator speed of about 5 RPM, a tip speed of about 2 meters/min and an agitator tip to wall clearance of about 10 mm. The blended product exiting the blender had a temperature of about 55 °C. The soy crisps were intact with minimal degradation and the fortification blend was not subjected to temperatures above 60 °C. Temperatures above 60 °C cause degradation of the Fortification Blend. The resulting product was subsequently processed into a slab 4 mm high. The slab was then cut into finished pieces about 100 mm long by 38 mm wide.

EXAMPLE 2

The product as produced in Example 1 with the following modification. The Pre Blend Mixture Processor is operated with the jacket temperature at 100 °C to develop flavors from Maillard Browning. The Pre-Blend Mixture is allowed to cool actively, as in a cooling tunnel, or passively, on an ambient conveyor, to a temperature below 60 °C prior to being added to the paddle blender. The Fortification Blend is not subject to temperatures above 60 °C. Temperatures above 60 °C cause degradation of the Fortification Blend. The soy crisps are intact with minimal degradation as in Example 1.

EXAMPLE 3

The product as produced in Example 1 with the following modification. The final blending is accomplished in a batch mixer, rather than a continuous mixer. The Paddle blender speed and wall gap is similar to that described in Example1. The final product is discharged from the paddle blender as a batch for subsequent processing. The blended product exiting the batch blender has a temperature of about 55 °C. The soy crisps are intact with minimal degradation and the fortification blend is not subject to temperatures about 60 °C. Temperatures above 60 °C cause degradation of the Fortification Blend.

EXAMPLE 4

The Pre Blend Mixture as set forth in Table 1 is prepared in a batch mixer with a variable speed agitator. The Pre Blend Mixture is processed with an agitator tip speed of 40 meters/min. The jacket of the mixer is maintained at 60 °C during mixing. At the conclusion of mixing, the agitator is slowed to a tip speed of 2 meters/min and the jacket is cooled to 40 °C. When the batch is sufficiently cooled, the Fortification Slurry, as set forth in Table 2, and the soy crisps are added to the mixer in the ratio as set forth in Table 3. The mixer is operated only as long as necessary to produce a good blend of the soy crisps and provide incorporation on the Fortification Slurry. The soy crisp integrity is maintained and the mass temperature does not exceed 60 °C. Temperatures above 60 °C cause degradation to the Fortification Blend.

[0028] While the invention has been described above with reference to specific embodiments thereof, it is apparent that many changes, modifications, and variations can be made without departing from the inventive concept disclosed herein. Accordingly, it is intended to embrace all such changes, modifications, and variations that fall within the spirit and broad scope of the appended claims. All patent applications, patents, and other publications cited herein are incorporated by reference in their entirety.


Anspruch[de]
Verfahren zum Herstellen eines Energienahrungsmittelproduktes, umfassend die Schritte: (a) Verarbeiten mindestens einer Energienahrungsmittelgrundkomponente bei einer Temperatur und einer Scherung, die ausreichend sind, um eine homogene Energienahrungsmittelgrundmatrix zu bilden, und (b) nachfolgendes Vermischen mindestens einer verarbeitungsempfindlichen Komponente mit der homogenen Energienahrungsmittelgrundmatrix bei einer Temperatur, die weniger als 80°C beträgt, und einer Scherung vom Mischen, durchgeführt in einer Mischvorrichtung mit einem Rührer mit einer Geschwindigkeit der Rührerspitze, bezogen auf eine Wand der Mischvorrichtung, von 0,25 bis 7,5 m/min und einem Abstand von der Rührerspitze zu der Mischvorrichtungswand von größer als 1,0 mm, so daß das Mischen die verarbeitungsempfindliche Komponente nicht schädlich beeinflußt, wobei das Energienahrungsmittelprodukt 2 bis 55 g Kohlenhydrate, 1 bis 5 g Verstärkungskomponente, 5 bis 40 g Protein, 2 bis 8 g Fett und 170 bis 300 Kalorien, bezogen auf 55 g Portionsgröße, aufweist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Vielzahl an Energienahrungsmittelgrundkomponenten aus einem Bindemittel und einer Nahrungsmittelkomponente aufgebaut ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Bindemittel aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Zuckersirup, Glucosesirup, Fett, einer Gummilösung, Wasser und Gemischen davon, ausgewählt ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Nahrungsmittelkomponente aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Protein, Stärke, Kakaopulver und Gemischen davon, ausgewählt ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Protein aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Sojaprotein, Milchprotein, Eiprotein, Erdnußmehl, Nußkernen und Gemischen davon, ausgewählt ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Stärke aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Maisstärke, Hafer, Reis, Mais, Weizen, Gerste, Sorghum(hirse) und Gemischen davon, ausgewählt ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Temperatur in dem Verarbeitungsschritt von 50°C bis 180°C beträgt. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Scherung in dem Verarbeitungsschritt vom Mischen stammt, durchgeführt in einer Mischvorrichtung mit einem Rührer mit einer Geschwindigkeit der Rührerspitze, bezogen auf eine Wand der Mischvorrichtung, von 10 bis 50 m/min und einem Abstand von der Rührerspitze zu der Mischvorrichtungswand von 0,025 bis 0,5 mm. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Geschwindigkeit der Rührerspitze von 20 bis 40 m/min beträgt, und ein Abstand von der Rührerspitze zu der Mischvorrichtungswand von 0,125 bis 0,25 mm beträgt. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, wobei die Geschwindigkeit der Rührerspitze 2 bis 6 m/min beträgt, und ein Abstand von der Rührerspitze zu der Mischvorrichtungswand größer als 2,5 mm ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Abstand von der Rührerspitze zu der Mischvorrichtungswand von 2,5 bis 75 mm beträgt. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Verarbeitungsschritt ein Einheitsarbeitsschritt, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Misch-, Extrudier-, Pump-, Schneide-, Teilchengrößenreduktions-Arbeitsschritten und Kombinationen davon, ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Temperatur in dem Mischschritt von 30°C bis 50°C beträgt. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die verarbeitungsempfindliche Komponente aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus einer Verstärkungskomponente, einer krümeligen Komponente, einer Geschmackskomponente, einer scherungsempfindlichen Einschlußkomponente und Gemischen davon, ausgewählt ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, wobei die Verstärkungskomponente aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Vitaminen, Mineralien, Antioxidanzien, ätherischen Ölen, Kräutern, Polyphenolen und Gemischen davon, ausgewählt ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, wobei die scherungsempfindliche Komponente aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Sojachips, Reischips, Cookies, Nußkernen, gebackenen Einschlüssen, gebratenen Einschlüssen, gerösteten Einschlüssen, Vollkörnern, Kornflocken, extrudierten Nahrungsmitteleinschlüssen, eingeschlossenen Komponenten und Gemischen davon, ausgewählt ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, wobei die Geschmackskomponente aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Vanille, Butter, Zimt, Muskatnuß, Gewürzen, natürlichen und künstlichen Geschmacksstoffen und Gemischen davon, ausgewählt ist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Mischschritt in kontinuierlicher Weise durchgeführt wird.
Anspruch[en]
A process for preparing an energy food product comprising the steps of: (a) processing at least one base energy food component at a temperature and shear sufficient to form a homogeneous base energy food matrix; and (b) subsequently mixing at least one process sensitive component with said homogeneous base energy food matrix at a temperature that is less than 80° C and shear from mixing performed in a mixer having an agitator with an agitator tip speed relative to a wall of the mixer of 0.25 to 7-5 meters /minute and an agitator tip to mixer wall gap greater than 1.0mm so the mixing does not deleteriously effect said process sensitive component, wherein said energy food product has 2 to 55g of carbohydrates, 1 to 5g of fortification component 5 to 40g of protein 2 - 8g of fat and 170 to 300 calories, based on a 55g serving size. The process according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of base energy food components is comprised of a binder and a food component. The process according to claim 2, wherein said binder is selected from the group consisting of sugar syrup, corn syrup, fat, a gum solution, water, and mixtures thereof. The process according to claim 2, wherein said food component is selected from the group consisting of protein, starch, cocoa powder, and mixtures thereof. The process according to claim 4, wherein said protein is selected from the group consisting of soy protein, milk protein, egg protein, peanut flour, nut meats, and mixtures thereof. The process according to claim 4, wherein said starch is selected from the group consisting of corn starch, oat, rice, corn, wheat, barley, sorghum, and mixtures thereof. The process according to claim 1, wherein said temperature in said processing step is from 50 °C to 180 °C. The process according to claim 1, wherein said shear in said processing step is from mixing performed in a mixer having an agitator with an agitator tip speed relative to a wall of the mixer of 10 to 50 meters/minute and an agitator tip to mixer wall gap of from 0.025 to 0.5 mm. The process according to claim 8, wherein said agitator tip speed is 20 to 40 meters/minute and an agitator tip to mixer wall gap of from 0.125 to 0.25 mm. The process according to any one of claim 1 - 9, wherein said agitator tip speed 2 to 6 meters/minute and an agitator tip to mixer wall gap greater than 2.5 mm. The process according to claim 10, wherein said agitator tip to mixer wall gap is from 2.5 to 75 mm. The process according to claim 1, wherein said processing step is a unit operation selected from the group consisting of mixing, extruding, pumping, cutting, particle size reduction operations, and combinations thereof. The process according to claim 1, wherein said temperature in said mixing step is from 30 °C to 50 °C. The process according to claim 1, wherein said process sensitive component is selected from the group consisting of a fortification component, a friable component, a flavor component, a shear sensitive inclusion component, and mixtures thereof. The process according to claim 14, wherein said fortification component is selected from the group consisting of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, essential oils, herbals, polyphenols, and mixtures thereof. The process according to claim 14, wherein said shear sensitive component is selected from the group consisting of soy crisps, rice crisps, cookies, nut meats, baked inclusions, fried inclusions, roasted inclusions, whole grains, grain flakes, extruded food inclusions, encapsulated components, and mixtures thereof. The process according to claim 14, wherein said flavor component is selected from the group consisting of vanilla, butter, cinnamon, nutmeg, spices, natural and artificial flavors, and mixtures thereof. The process according to claim 1, wherein said mixing step is performed in a continuous fashion.
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé d'obtention d'un produit alimentaire énergétique comprenant les étapes de : (a) traiter au moins un composant alimentaire énergétique de base à une température et un cisaillement suffisants pour former une matrice de produit alimentaire énergétique de base homogène ; et (b) mélanger subséquemment au moins un composant sensible au procédé avec ladite matrice de produit alimentaire énergétique de base homogène, à une température qui est inférieure à 80° C et un cisaillement à partir du mélange réalisé dans un mélangeur ayant un agitateur avec une vitesse de l'extrémité de l'agitateur par rapport à une paroi du mélangeur de 0,25 à 7,5 m/minute et un espace de paroi de l'extrémité de l'agitateur au mélangeur supérieur à 1,0 mm de sorte que le malaxage n'affecte pas de manière nuisible ledit composant sensible au procédé, dans lequel ledit produit alimentaire énergétique a 2 à 55 g d'hydrates de carbone, 1 à 5 g de composant fortifiant, 5 à 40 g de protéine, 2 à 8 g de graisse et 170 à 300 calories, calculé sur un échantillon de 55 g. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite pluralité de composants alimentaires énergétiques de base comprend un liant et un composant alimentaire. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit liant est choisi dans le groupe comprenant le sirop de sucre, le sirop de céréales, une graisse, une solution de gomme, de l'eau et leurs mélanges. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit composant alimentaire est choisi dans le groupe comprenant les protéines, l'amidon, la poudre de coco et leurs mélanges. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ladite protéine est choisie dans le groupe comprenant les protéines de soja, les protéines de lait, les protéines d'oeuf, la farine d'arachide, les aliments de noix et leurs mélanges. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit amidon est choisi dans le groupe comprenant l'amidon de céréales, d'avoine, de riz, de maïs, de blé, d'orge, de sorgho et leurs mélanges. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite température dans ladite étape de traitement est de 50° C à 180° C. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit cisaillement dans ladite étape de traitement est réalisé dans un mélangeur ayant un agitateur avec une vitesse de l'extrémité de l'agitateur par rapport à une paroi du mélangeur de 10 à 50 m/minute et une extrémité de l'agitateur à l'espace de paroi du mélangeur de 0,025 à 0,5 mm. Procédé selon la revendication 8, dans lequel ladite vitesse de l'extrémité de l'agitateur est de 20 à 40 m/minute et un espace de l'extrémité de l'agitateur à la paroi du mélangeur est de 0,125 à 0,25 mm. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, dans lequel ladite vitesse de l'extrémité de l'agitateur est de 2 à 6 m/minute et l'espace de l'extrémité de l'agitateur à la paroi du mélangeur est supérieur à 2,5 mm. Procédé selon la revendication 10, dans lequel l'espace de l'extrémité de l'agitateur à la paroi du mélangeur est de 2,5 à 75 mm. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite étape de traitement est une opération unitaire choisie dans le groupe comprenant un mélange, une extrusion, un pompage, une découpe, des opérations de réduction de dimension de particule et leurs combinaisons. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite température dans ladite étape de mélange est de 30° C à 50° C. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit composant sensible au procédé est choisi dans le groupe comprenant un composant fortifiant, un composant friable, un composant d'arôme, un composant d'inclusion sensible au cisaillement et leurs mélanges. Procédé selon la revendication 14, dans lequel ledit composant fortifiant est choisi dans le groupe comprenant les vitamines, les minéraux, les antioxydants, les huiles essentielles, les infusions, les polyphénols et leurs mélanges. Procédé selon la revendication 14, dans lequel ledit composant sensible au cisaillement est choisi dans le groupe comprenant les croustilles de soja, les croustilles de riz, les gâteaux, les aliments de noix, les inclusions cuites, les inclusions frites, les inclusions rôties, les grains entiers, les flocons de grains, les inclusions d'aliments extrudés, les composants encapsulés et leurs mélanges. Procédé selon la revendication 14, dans lequel ledit composant d'arôme est choisi dans le groupe comprenant la vanille, le beurre, la cannelle, la noix de muscade, les épices, les arômes naturels et artificiels et leurs mélanges. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite étape de mélange est réalisée d'une façon continue.






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