PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1565392 15.02.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001565392
Titel FLUIDISIERVORRICHTUNG
Anmelder Axsia Serck Baker Ltd., Gloucester, GB
Erfinder LANGE, Ernest, Neville, Hucclecote Gloucester GL3 3QH, GB;
CHILDS, John, Geoffrey, Truro Cornwall TR4 8SN, GB
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60310994
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 24.06.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 037909926
WO-Anmeldetag 24.06.2003
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/GB03/02693
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2004020318
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 11.03.2004
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 24.08.2005
EP date of grant 03.01.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 15.02.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse B65G 53/30(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to fluidising apparatus.

Fluidisers are known for hydraulic conveyance of loose materials. A typical application of fluidisers is the removal of sand from a vessel. Sand at the base of the vessel tends to be packed substantially solid and is therefore difficult to move. A fluidising apparatus disclosed in US 4,978,251 works by discharging a liquid under pressure into a sand containing vessel. The pressurised liquid emerges in a downward annular flow which creates a vortex within an adjacent region of the vessel (known as the "radius of influence"). The liquid mixes with the sand and fluidises it to form a slurry. The slurry can then enter a discharge pipe for conveyance to a remote location.

Unfortunately, there are several problems associated with such conventional fluidisers. First, such fluidisers are fitted inside the vessel. This makes maintenance access difficult and can interfere with other internal components inside the vessel. Furthermore, the pipes supplying the pressurised liquid and the pipe discharging the slurry are arranged so that they are concentric along a significant portion of their lengths. Therefore, if one of the pipes is damaged or becomes blocked then a significant amount of work and disruption is involved in fixing the problem. The swirling water emerging from the discharge pipe is also at risk of returning into the device. Another disadvantage is that the "radius of influence" of conventional fluidisers is relatively limited in directions radial to the water supply pipe. Conventional fluidisers require two pipes to penetrate the vessel and mate up to it, and these can be difficult to fit.

US 5,637,278 discloses a fluidiser of a similar design to that of US 4,978,251, but protruding upwards into the base of a vessel. When such apparatus is being used in a vessel in which gravity separation of oil and water is taking place, the vortex it creates causes a disturbance that extends a considerable distance into the vessel. This can disturb the gravity separation and the water and the oil may become mixed together again. The vortex can also draw oil into the apparatus so that oil is discharged in the slurry. If this happens then the oil will usually have to be separated from the slurry to avoid pollution and monetary loss.

US 3,178,233 shows a fluidising arrangement for a chamber including an inlet pipe which is concentric with and surrounding an outlet duct. A bonnet can be connected so that the inlet jets are located beneath the lower surface of the deflector. GB 1348042 shows an apparatus having a rotatable cylindrical inlet duct with a single nozzle at its upper end. Detection rods are used to determine the level of material in the tank and feedback from the detectors are used to control the speed of rotation.

According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided fluidising apparatus including:

  • a supply duct for supplying liquid under pressure to a lower portion of a vessel containing a fluidisable material, the supply duct extending into the vessel and including at the outlet end thereof one or more jets for directing the flow of liquid into the vessel substantially transversely to the major axis of the supply duct, and
  • an outlet duct for removing the fluidised material from the vessel, wherein the inlet end of the outlet duct is protected from ingress of non-fluidised material by a flange member located between the jets and the inlet end of outlet duct, the flange member adapted to divert the flow of fluidised material past the underside of the flange member before entering the inlet end of the outlet duct.

The outlet duct may surround the outlet end of the supply duct and may be substantially co-axial therewith.

The flange member may be fitted around a portion of the supply duct located inside the vessel.

The flange member may also assist in directing the fluidised material towards the outlet duct. The diameter of the flange member may be at least equal to an adjacent portion of the diameter of the outlet duct. The flange member may include a groove on its surface facing the outlet duct. The outlet duct may project at least partially into the groove. The distance between the outlet duct and the flange member may be adjustable.

The supply duct and/or outlet duct may be substantially cylindrical. The diameter of the outlet duct may vary along its length. Typically, the upper portion of the outlet duct will be narrower than a lower portion. The fluidiser apparatus may be partially housed within a housing extending down from the base of the vessel. A space may exist between the inner surface of the housing and the outer surface of the outlet duct.

The apparatus may further include a body portion surrounding the supply duct and substantially blocking the outlet duct apart from an aperture through which the fluidised material can pass. The aperture may be located between the outer surface of the supply duct and the inner surface of the outlet duct.

In one embodiment an aperture or bore acting as a bypass between the supply duct and the outlet duct may be present. A valve may be fitted to the bypass aperture or bore.

The supply duct and/or the outlet duct may include an L-shaped portion so that a substantially horizontal pipe(s) may lead to/from the fluidising apparatus for connection with the duct(s).

The supply duct may direct the flow of liquid into the vessel in a plurality of directions substantially radially to the major axis of the supply duct. The outlet end of the supply duct may be fitted with a plurality of nozzles. The nozzles may be arranged at a plurality of vertical tiers. The nozzles may produce a flat spray or fan spray. Alternatively, the outlet end of the supply duct may include a cap having a plurality of radially arranged slots.

The supply duct may remote from the outlet duct. The supply duct may be parallel along part of its length with part of the outlet duct. A portion of the supply duct may extend into the vessel through the base of the vessel. The portion extending into the vessel may have a length shorter than the diameter of the vessel. The apparatus may further include a hydrocyclone, typically adjacent the outlet duct.

According to a second aspect of the invention there is provided a vessel fitted with a fluidiser apparatus substantially as described above.

The vessel may be an open or closed pot. The supply duct may be connected directly to the outlet duct via a valve. The valve can allow the concentration of slurry in the outlet duct to be adjusted.

The outlet duct may pass through a cyclone, preferably a pressure reducing cyclone having a single outlet. The flow rate at the outlet duct may be sensed and the flow rate in the supply duct is controlled accordingly.

According to yet another aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of treating fluidisable material in a vessel, the method including steps of:

  • supplying liquid under pressure to a vessel, the liquid being emitted into a lower portion of the vessel as one or more jets substantially transverse to the major axis of the supply duct, and
  • removing the fluidised material from the vessel wherein the inlet end of the outlet duct is protected from ingress of non-fluidised material by a flange member located between the jets and the inlet end of the outlet duct, the flange member adapted to divert the flow of fluidised material past the underside of the flange member before entering the inlet end of the outlet duct.

Whilst the invention has been described above, it extends to any inventive combination of the features set out above or in the following description.

The invention may be performed in various ways, and, by way of example only, embodiments thereof will now be described, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which:-

  • Figure 1 illustrates schematically an open vessel fitted with a fluidiser;
  • Figure 2 details a first embodiment of the fluidiser, and
  • Figures 3 to 9 detail alternative embodiments of the fluidiser

Referring to Figure 1, an inlet pipe 1 leads to a valve 2 which is controlled by a flow controller (FC) 4. The controller 4 is connected to a flow sensor (FT) 6 which is linked to a flow element (FE) 9 fitted on the pipe 1 at a point downstream of the valve 2. The pipe 1 supplies pressurised water to a fluidiser apparatus 10 fitted to the base of a vessel 11. The fluidiser produces a slurry which is discharged through a discharge pipe 12. A pipe 14 branches off the discharge pipe 12 near the fluidiser 10 and leads back to a connection with the inlet pipe 1 at a point near where the pipe 1 enters the fluidiser 10. A valve 16 on the branch pipe 14 is used to control the amount of water (if any) that can pass directly from the inlet pipe 1 into the discharge pipe 12, thereby allowing the slurry concentration in the pipe 12 to be adjusted.

The discharge pipe 12 passes through a cyclone 18. The cyclone 18 is preferably a pressure reducing cyclone similar to the one described in GB 2296106A, which has an inlet but only one outlet. However, it will be understood that a conventional cyclone with two outlets could be used. A pipe 19 branches off the outlet pipe 12 before it enters the cyclone 18. The branch pipe 19 passes through a Pressure Differential Transmitter (PDT) 20 and then links back into the discharge pipe 12 at a point downstream of the cyclone 18. The PDT 20 is connected to a flow converter 24 which is used to regulate the flow controller 4. It will be appreciated that the branch pipe 19, PDT 20 and converter 24 are optional.

The vessel 11 shown in the example of Figure 1 is an "open pot" where the inflow of liquid through the pipe 1 is not forced to match the outflow of slurry in the discharge pipe 12. An open pot is a vessel that contains gas as well as liquid and therefore allows a net accumulation or discharge of liquid from the vessel by the expansion of compression of the gas, or a vessel with at least one other port which could accommodate a difference in the rates of inflow and outflow. Open vessels are considered "open pot" as they meet both of these criteria. It will be appreciated that the inlet flow control components 2, 4, 6, 8 may not be required where the vessel 11 is a closed pot, as measuring of the slurry flow rate is not required. A closed pot is a vessel wherein the inflow of liquid in the pipe 1 is forced to match the outflow of slurry in the discharge pipe 12. Closed pots do not contain gas in addition to the liquid and do not have any additional ports to accommodate a difference in flow rates. Flow control components as shown in Figure 1 might be used, but it is more likely that a flow control loop on the inlet water may be used. In the case where the water entering the water inlet pipe 1 and the vessel 11 and the slurry entering the discharge pipe 12 are all at essentially constant pressure, a fixed orifice may be adequate for inlet water flow control.

Turning to Figure 2, a first embodiment of the fluidiser 10 according to the invention is detailed. The water inlet pipe 1 enters through the side of the curved surface of a substantially cylindrical base block 202. The inlet pipe leads into a horizontal portion of an L-shaped duct 203 formed by cross drillings in the base block. The opening in the vertical portion of the L-shaped duct 203 is connected to a substantially vertical pipe 204 that extends upwards out of the base block 202 and into a lower part of the vessel 11 through a substantially central aperture at the base of the vessel. The vertical pipe 204 is housed within a cylindrical housing 206 that extends from the aperture at the base of the vessel 11 down to the upper surface of the base block 202. A non-asbestos fibre gasket 207 is fitted between the base block 202 and the housing 206.

A check valve may be included in the inlet duct of the apparatus. The valve can be located in the pipe 1; however, it is preferably fitted in the vertical pipe 204 as having it in the apparatus is usually more cost-effective than fitting it into external piping. The valve can help prevent momentary reversals of pressure pushing sand into the jets of the apparatus.

Fitted inside the housing 206 and extending into the base of the vessel 11 is a slurry collection component 208. The collection component 208 is substantially cylindrical and surrounds the vertical supply pipe 204 and is substantially co-axial therewith. An upper portion (about one fifth of its length) of the collection component 208 has a smaller diameter than its remaining lower portion. The side wall of the component 208 tapers to form a substantially frusto-conical shape between the upper narrower portion and the lower wider portion. It is the narrower portion of the collection component 208 that projects into the vessel 11. The length of the vertical pipe 204 is greater than that of the collection component 208 and therefore the pipe 204 projects further into the vessel 11. A space 209 exists between the inner surface of the housing 206 and the outer surface of the collection component 208.

Fitted around a portion of the vertical pipe 204 that extends above the top of the collection component 208 is a flange member 214. The lower surface of the flange member 214 includes an annular groove 215. At least part of the flange member (typically the portion forming the groove 215) can be formed of a hard-wearing material. At least part of the vertical pipe 208 (typically its upper portion) can also be formed of a hard-wearing material, such as Tungsten Carbide. In an alternative embodiment, the annular groove with the domed top profile shown in Figure 2 is replaced by a ring-shaped groove having a flat top profile. This is intended to allow the gap between the inside of the collection component 208 and the outer surface of the vertical pipe 204 to be increased.

The position of the flange member 214 on the vertical pipe 204 can be adjusted (as shown by the vertical arrows) before or during installation so that the distance between the flange member 214 and the collection component 208 can be varied. Preferably, the minimum distance between the two surfaces is such that the upper end of the collection component 208 projects about half way into the groove 215 (as shown in Figure 2). The maximum distance may be such that the upper end of the collection component 208 is located slightly below the bottom surface of the flange member 214.

Fitted onto the upper end of the vertical pipe 204 is a nozzle spray head 210. The nozzle spray 210 includes nine Lurmark fan spray nozzles 212 (part no CM10) arranged radially about it at three vertical tiers.

The length of the portion of the apparatus that projects into the vessel 11 is typically around 150 mm. The internal diameter of the vessel that may be used in conjunction with the apparatus may vary between 400 mm and 2500 mm, typically 900 mm to 2500 mm. Thus, the portion of the apparatus that projects into the vessel is normally of a length shorter than the diameter of the vessel. The examples show the apparatus being used in conjunction with a vessel that is vertically oriented; however, it will be understood that the apparatus can also be connected to a vessel that is oriented horizontally. In this case the diameter of the vessel is likely to vary between 1800 mm and 5000 mm, with a length typically between 4 to 8 times its diameter. Although example dimensions have been given above, it will be appreciated that the apparatus can be used with vessels of other sizes.

The base portion 202 includes a second L-shaped duct 216. The opening at the vertical portion of the duct 216 is located between the outer surface of the vertical pipe 204 and the inner surface of the collection component 208. One end of the discharge pipe 12 is connected to the opening at the horizontal portion of the L-shaped duct 216.

In use, the pressurised liquid enters via the inlet pipe 1 and passes through the L-shaped piece 203 and up into the vertical pipe 204. The water is ejected as a plurality of separate jets in directions substantially radial to the major axis of the pipe 204 into the vessel 11. The ejected water mixes with the sand in the surrounding portion of the vessel, loosening it and creating a slurry. The slurry is moved by pressure in the vessel and, to a lesser extent, by gravity downwards towards the base of the vessel. Sand will have normally settled in the space 209 and most of this will not be fluidised. Pressure forces the slurry to slide along the outer upper surface of the collection component 208, pushing it towards the lower surface of the flange member 214. The slurry is guided by the grooved surface 215 into the collection component 208, where it enters the L-shaped duct 216 and passes into the discharge pipe 12. The flange member 214 also helps prevent fluidised material from entering the space 209 between the collection component 208 and the vertical pipe 204 when the material is not being drawn out of the vessel.

Turning to Figure 3, there is shown an alternative embodiment of the fluidiser 10. Components substantially identical to those of the embodiment of Figure 2 are given identical reference numbers. In the embodiment of Figure 3, the upper end of the vertical pipe 204 is housed within a domed cap 310 instead of being fitted with the nozzle head spray 210. The base of the dome 310 rests on the upper surface of the flange member 214 and a bolt 311 projects through the top of the dome into a stop 312 fitted in the upper end of the vertical pipe 204. The stop 312 includes a plurality of radial holes that allow water to pass from the interior of the vertical pipe 204 to the interior of the cap 310. Spray slots 314 are provided radially around the circumference of the cap 310.

The embodiment of Figure 4 is substantially identical to that of Figure 2 except that the collection component 208 is replaced by collection component 402. The collection component 402 is also substantially cylindrical but its upper portion (about two-thirds of its length) has a relatively small diameter and tapers outwards to a lower remaining portion of a greater diameter. Therefore, the space 209 between the outer walls of the component 402 and the inner walls of the housing 206 is greater in volume than in the embodiment of Figure 2.

The embodiment of Figure 5 is a combination of the embodiments of Figures 3 and 4, i.e. the slotted domed cap 310 is used along with the collection component 402. An optional bore 501 is also shown in Figure 5. The bore 501 is a hole drilled between the inlet L-shaped duct 203 and the outlet L-shaped duct 216. The bore 501 acts as an internal bypass which can eliminate the need for the valve 16 of Figure 1 and its associated pipework 14. If an adjustable internal bypass is required then a valve 502 can be fitted to the bore 501. It will be appreciated that the bypass bore and/or valve could be used in any of the embodiments shown.

The embodiments of Figures 3 and 5 have jets located closer to the bottom of the vessel than the embodiments of Figures 2 and 4 and so can produce a dense slurry at a lower sand level in the vessel. The domed caps 310 of the embodiments of Figures 3 and 5 do not project as far into the bottom of the vessel as the nozzle head spray 210 and so can be used when the withdrawal space beneath the vessel is limited. The embodiments of Figures 3 and 5 are also less susceptible to sand ingress into the components forming the jets than the embodiments of Figures 2 and 4 and they can also be dismantled for cleaning more easily.

The "low waisted" collection component 402 can reduce the volume of sand that settles in the space between the vertical pipe 204 and the component 402 if the flow of slurry is stopped before complete discharge. The collection components 402 are also easier to remove from the vessel nozzle than the component 208 because settled sand is less inclined to bridge the gap between the housing 206 and the component 402 and jam the component 402.

The embodiment of Figure 6 is similar to that of Figure 3 but differs in two main ways. First, the collection component 208 is replaced by a collection component 602 which is a regular cylinder. Second, the flange member 214 is replaced by a flange member 604 which is substantially frustro-conical in shape and depends from the lower surface of the domed cap 310 instead of being fitted around the vertical pipe 204. The flange 604 directs the jets of water in more generally downwards directions than the other nozzles/slots. A gap 606 exists between the lower end of the flange 602 and the upper end of the collection component 602,

The embodiment of Figure 7 is substantially similar to that of Figure 6 except that the nozzle spray head 210 is fitted onto the end of the vertical pipe 204 instead of the stop 312. Some of the nozzles of the spray head 210 are located above the upper surface of the cap 312, whilst other nozzles are located within the domed cap 310. The water ejected through the nozzles within the cap 310 produces jets directed in generally downwards directions. The jets produced by the embodiments of Figures 6 and 7 are intended to fluidise any sand settled within the collection component 602.

It will be appreciated that that different configurations of supply and collection components can be employed. For example, the collection component could be a separate tube remote from the supply pipe and it does not need to be co-axial or parallel with it. In the alternative embodiment shown in Figure 8, a supply pipe 804 is positioned within the collection component 208, but the supply pipe 804 is angled so that it is offset near its lower end towards one side of the collection component 208. This allows a larger opening 801 to be present in the top of the base block 202 so that a wider discharge pipe can be used if required.

A hydrocyclone may be fitted within the apparatus rather than being external to it (such as the external hydrocyclone 18 of Figure 1). This can be easier to install and therefore cheaper than having an external hydrocyclone. In the embodiment shown in Figure 9 the base block 902 of the fluidiser includes a bore 904 that acts as a conduit between the space 209 and the inlet of a hydrocyclone 906. The hydrocyclone 906 is located within a cylindrical sleeve 908 that is fitted using a CAF gasket 910 to the bottom of the base unit 902. The base of the sleeve 908 is covered by a disc 912. A wear plate 914 is fitted by means of an o-seal 916 between the lower surface of the base 902 and the top of the hydrocyclone 906. A wear liner 918 is fitted to the lower surface of the hydrocyclone. The liner 918 includes a bore through which slurry that has passed through the hydrocyclone can enter a space 920 in the bottom of the sleeve 908. The slurry can then flow through an outlet 12 located at the side of the space 920.

The embodiments described above can produce a "radius of influence" (i.e. affects an adjacent region of the vessel) of up to about 750mm, and so the fluidising operation can be more effective. Tests have shown that this can clear sand from a diameter of about 1500mm around the housing through which the nozzle of the apparatus projects.


Anspruch[de]
Fluidisierungsvorrichtung mit einer Zufuhrleitung (1, 204) zur Zuführung von Flüssigkeit unter Druck zu einem unteren Teil eines Gefäßes (11), das ein fluidisierbares Material enthält, wobei sich die Zufuhrleitung in das Gefäß hinein erstreckt und an ihrem Austrittsende eine oder mehrere Düsen (212) aufweist, die den Flüssigkeitsstrom im wesentlichen quer zur Hauptachse der Zufuhrleitung in das Gefäß hinein richten,

und mit einer Auslaßleitung (12, 208) zur Entfernung des fluidisierten Materials aus dem Gefäß,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Eintrittsende der Auslaßleitung (12, 208) gegen den Eintritt nicht fluidisierten Materials durch einen Flanschkörper (212) geschützt ist, der zwischen den Düsen und dem Eintrittsende der Auslaßleitung angeordnet ist und in der Lage ist, den Strom fluidisierten Materials an der Unterseite des Flanschkörpers vorbeizulenken, bevor er in das Eintrittsende der Auslaßleitung eintritt.
Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Auslaßleitung (12, 208) das Austrittsende der Zufuhrleitung (1, 204) umgibt und im wesentlichen koaxial dazu liegt. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Flanschkörper (214) rund um einen Teil (204) der Zufuhrleitung sitzt, der sich in das Gefäß (11) hinein erstreckt. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Flanschkörper (214) bei der Lenkung des fluidisierten Materials in Richtung auf die Auslaßleitung (12, 208) unterstützend wirkt. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Durchmesser des Flanschkörpers (214) im wesentlichen gleich dem Durchmesser eines benachbarten Teils der Auslaßleitung (208) ist. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Flanschkörper (214) auf seiner Oberfläche, die der Auslaßleitung (208) zugewendet ist, eine Nut (215) aufweist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Auslaßleitung (208) wenigstens teilweise in die Nut (215) hineinragt. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Abstand zwischen der Auslaßleitung (208) und dem Flanschkörper (214) einstellbar ist. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Zufuhrleitung (1) und/oder die Auslaßleitung (12) im wesentlichen zylindrisch ist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Durchmesser der Auslaßleitung (208) entlang ihrer Länge variiert. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß ein oberer Teil der Auslaßleitung (208) enger ist als ein unterer Teil. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Fluidisiervorrichtung teilweise in einem Gehäuse (206) untergebracht ist, das sich unterhalb des Bodens des Gefäßes (11) erstreckt. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 12, gekennzeichnet durch einen Raum (209), der zwischen der inneren Oberfläche des Gehäuses (206) und der äußeren Oberfläche der Auslaßleitung (208) liegt. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 9 bis 13, gekennzeichnet durch einen Körperteil (202), der die Zufuhrleitung (204) umgibt und die Auslaßleitung (208) neben einer Öffnung im wesentlichen blockiert, durch die fluidisiertes Material strömen kann. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet durch eine Öffnung oder Bohrung (501), die zwischen der Zufuhrleitung (204) und der Auslaßleitung (208) wie ein Bypass wirkt. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Bypass-Öffnung oder -Bohrung (501) mit einem Ventil (502) versehen ist. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Zufuhrleitung einen L-förmigen Teil (203) aufweist und mit einem im wesentlichen waagerechten Rohr (1) verbunden ist, das zu der Fluidisiervorrichtung führt. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Auslaßleitung einen L-förmigen Teil (216) aufweist, der zu einem im wesentlichen waagerechten Rohr (12) führt, welches sich von der Fluidisiervorrichtung weg erstreckt. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Zufuhrleitung (204) den Flüssigkeitsstrom in das Gefäß (11) in mehrere Richtungen lenkt, die im wesentlichen radial zur Hauptachse der Zufuhrleitung liegen. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 19, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Austrittsende der Zufuhrleitung mit mehreren Düsen (212) bestückt ist, die radial um die Leitung herum angeordnet sind. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 20, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Düsen in mehreren senkrechten Verbindungsstreben angeordnet sind. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 20 oder 21, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Düsen einen Gebläsesprühnebel erzeugen. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 19, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Austrittsende der Zufuhrleitung eine Kappe (310) aufweist, die mit mehreren radial angeordneten Schlitzen (314) versehen ist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Zufuhrleitung (1) von der Auslaßleitung (12) entfernt liegt. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Zufuhrleitung (1) entlang einem Teil ihrer Länge parallel zu einem Teil der Auslaßleitung (208) verläuft. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß ein Teil (204) der Zufuhrleitung sich durch den Boden des Gefäßes in das Gefäß (11) hinein erstreckt. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 26, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Teil (204), der sich in das Gefäß (11) hinein erstreckt, eine Länge aufweist, die kürzer ist als der Durchmesser des Gefäßes. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet durch einen Hydrozyklon, der neben der Auslaßleitung angeordnet ist. Gefäß (11) mit einer Fluidisiervorrichtung (10) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche. Gefäß nach Anspruch 29, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Gefäß (11) ein offener Topf ist. Gefäß nach Anspruch 29, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Gefäß (11) ein geschlossener Topf ist. Gefäß nach einem der Ansprüche 29 bis 31, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Zufuhrleitung (1) über ein Ventil (16) direkt mit der Auslaßleitung (12) verbunden ist. Gefäß nach einem der Ansprüche 31 bis 32, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Auslaßleitung (12) durch einen druckreduzierenden Zyklon (18) verläuft. Gefäß nach einem der Ansprüche 29 bis 33, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Strömungsgeschwindigkeit bei der Auslaßleitung (12) ermittelt und die Strömungsgeschwindigkeit der Flüssigkeit in der Zufuhrleitung (1) entsprechend gesteuert wird. Verfahren zur Behandlung von fluidisierbarem Material in einem Gefäß (11) mit den folgenden Schritten: Zufuhr von Flüssigkeit unter Druck zu einem Gefäß, wobei die Flüssigkeit in einem unteren Teil des Gefäßes in Form eines oder mehrerer Strahlen im wesentlichen quer zur Hauptachse der Zufuhrleitung (1, 204) abgegeben wird, und Entfernung des fluidierten Materials aus dem Gefäß (11), dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das Eintrittsende der Auslaßleitung (12, 208) gegen Eintritt von nichtfluidisiertem Material durch einen Flanschkörper (214) geschützt wird, der zwischen den Strahlen und dem Eintrittsende der Auslaßleitung angeordnet ist und in der Lage ist, den Strom fluidisierten Materials an der Unterseite des Flanschkörpers (214) vorbeizulenken, bevor er in das Eintrittsende der Auslaßleitung eintritt.
Anspruch[en]
Fluidising apparatus including: a supply duct (1,204) for supplying liquid under pressure to a lower portion of a vessel (11) containing a fluidisable material, the supply duct extending into the vessel and including at the outlet end thereof one or more jets (212) for directing the flow of liquid into the vessel substantially transversely to the major axis of the supply duct, and an outlet duct (12,208) for removing the fluidised material from the vessel, characterised in that the inlet end of the outlet duct (12,208) is protected from ingress of non-fluidised material by a flange member (214) located between the jets and the inlet end of outlet duct, the flange member adapted to divert the flow of fluidised material past the underside of the flange member before entering the inlet end of the outlet duct. Apparatus according to Claim 1, wherein the outlet duct (12,208) surrounds the outlet end of the supply duct (1,204) and is substantially co-axial therewith. Apparatus according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein the flange member (214) is fitted around a portion (204) of the supply duct that extends into the vessel (11). Apparatus according to any of the preceding Claims, wherein the flange member (214) also assists in directing the fluidised material towards the outlet duct (12,208). Apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, wherein the diameter of the flange member (214) is at least equal to the diameter of an adjacent portion of the outlet duct (208). Apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, wherein the flange member (214) includes a groove (215) on its surface that faces the outlet duct (208). Apparatus according to Claim 6, wherein the outlet duct (208) projects at least partially into the groove (215). Apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, wherein the distance between the outlet duct (208) and the flange member (214) is adjustable. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, wherein the supply duct (1) and/or the outlet duct (12) is substantially cylindrical. Apparatus according to Claim 9, wherein the diameter of the outlet duct (208) varies along its length. Apparatus according to Claim 10, wherein an upper portion of the outlet duct (208) is narrower than a lower portion. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, wherein the fluidiser apparatus is partially housed within a housing (206) extending down from the base of the vessel (11). Apparatus according to Claim 12, wherein a space (209) exists between the inner surface of the housing (206) and the outer surface of the outlet duct (208). Apparatus according to any one of Claims 9 to 13, further including a body portion (202) surrounding the supply duct (204) and substantially blocking the outlet duct (208) apart from an aperture through which the fluidised material can pass. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, further including an aperture or bore (501) acting as a bypass between the supply duct (204) and the outlet duct (208). Apparatus according to Claim 15, wherein a valve (502) is fitted to the bypass aperture or bore (501). Apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, wherein the supply duct includes an L-shaped portion (203) and is connected to a substantially horizontal pipe (1) leading to the fluidising apparatus. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, wherein the outlet duct includes an L-shaped portion (216) leading to a substantially horizontal pipe (12) leading away from the fluidising apparatus. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, wherein the supply duct (204) directs the flow of liquid into the vessel (11) in a plurality of directions substantially radially to the major axis of the supply duct. Apparatus according to Claim 19, therein the outlet end of the supply duct is fitted with a plurality of nozzles (212) arranged radially therearound. Apparatus according to Claim 20, wherein the nozzles are arranged in a plurality of vertical tiers. Apparatus according to Claim 20 or 21, wherein the nozzles produce a fan spray. Apparatus according to Claim 19, wherein the outlet end of the supply duct includes a cap (310) having a plurality of radially arranged slots (314). Apparatus according to Claim 1, wherein the supply duct (1) is remote from the outlet duct (12). Apparatus according to Claim 1, wherein the supply duct (1) is parallel along part of its length with part of the outlet duct (208). Apparatus according ,to any one of the preceding Claims, wherein a portion (204) of the supply duct extends into the vessel (11) through the base of the vessel. Apparatus according to Claim 26, wherein the portion (204) extending into the vessel (11) has a length shorter than the diameter of the vessel. Apparatus according to any one of the preceding Claims, further including a hydrocyclone adjacent the outlet duct. A vessel (11) fitted with fluidiser apparatus (10) according to any one of the preceding Claims. A vessel according to Claim 29, wherein the vessel (11) is an open pot. A vessel according to Claim 29, wherein the vessel (11) is a closed pot. A vessel according to any one of Claims 29 to 31, wherein the supply duct (1) is connected directly to the outlet duct (12) via a valve (16). A vessel according to any one of Claims 31 to 32, wherein the outlet duct (12) passes through a pressure-reducing cyclone (18). A vessel according to any one of Claims 29 to 33, wherein the flow rate at the outlet duct (12) is sensed and the flow rate of the liquid in the supply duct (1) is controlled accordingly. A method of treating fluidisable material in a vessel (11), the method including steps of: supplying liquid under pressure to a vessel, the liquid being emitted into a lower portion of the vessel as one or more jets substantially transverse to the major axis of the supply duct (1,204), and removing the fluidised material from the vessel (11), the method characterised in that the inlet end of the outlet duct (12,208) is protected from ingress of non-fluidised material by a flange member (214) located between the jets and the inlet end of the outlet duct, the flange member adapted to divert the flow of fluidised material past the underside of the flange member (214) before entering the inlet end of the outlet duct.
Anspruch[fr]
- Appareil de fluidisation comprenant : - un conduit d'alimentation (1,204) destiné à alimenter en liquide sous pression une partie inférieure d'un récipient (11) contenant une matière pouvant être fluidisée, le conduit d'alimentation s'étendant dans le récipient et comprenant à l'extrémité de sortie de celui-ci un ou plusieurs ajutages (212) pour diriger l'écoulement de liquide dans le récipient sensiblement transversalement à l'axe principal du conduit d'alimentation ; et - un conduit de sortie (12,208) destiné à retirer la matière fluidisée à partir du récipient, caractérisé par le fait que l'extrémité d'entrée du conduit de sortie (12,208) est protégée vis-à-vis de l'entrée de matière non fluidisée par un élément de bride (214) situé entre les ajutages et l'extrémité d'entrée du conduit de sortie, l'élément de bride étant adapté pour détourner l'écoulement de matière fluidisée pour le faire passer devant la surface inférieure de l'élément de bride avant d'entrer dans l'extrémité d'entrée du conduit de sortie. - Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le conduit de sortie (12,208) entoure l'extrémité de sortie du conduit d'alimentation (1,204) et est sensiblement coaxial avec elle. - Appareil selon l'une des revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel l'élément de bride (214) est adapté autour d'une partie (204) du conduit d'alimentation qui s'étend dans le récipient (11). - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'élément de bride (214) aide également à diriger la matière fluidisée vers le conduit de sortie (12,208). - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le diamètre de l'élément de bride (214) est au moins égal au diamètre d'une partie adjacente du conduit de sortie (208). - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'élément de bride (214) comprend une rainure (215) sur sa surface qui est tournée vers le conduit de sortie (208). - Appareil selon la revendication 6, dans lequel le conduit de sortie (208) se projette au moins partiellement dans la rainure (215). - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la distance entre le conduit de sortie (208) et l'élément de bride (214) est ajustable. - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le conduit d'alimentation (1) et/ou le conduit de sortie (12) sont sensiblement cylindriques. - Appareil selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le diamètre du conduit de sortie (208) varie le long de sa longueur. - Appareil selon la revendication 10, dans lequel une partie supérieure du conduit de sortie (208) est plus étroite qu'une partie inférieure. - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'appareil de fluidisation est partiellement logé à l'intérieur d'un logement (206) s'étendant vers le bas à partir de la base du récipient (11). - Appareil selon la revendication 12, dans lequel un espace (209) existe entre la surface interne du logement (206) et la surface externe du conduit de sortie (208). - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 13, comprenant en outre une partie de corps (202) entourant le conduit d'alimentation (204) et bloquant sensiblement le conduit de sortie (208) en dehors d'une ouverture à travers laquelle la matière fluidisée peut passer. - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre une ouverture ou un alésage (501) agissant comme dérivation entre le conduit d'alimentation (204) et le conduit de sortie (208). - Appareil selon la revendication 15, dans lequel une soupape (502) est adaptée à l'ouverture ou l'alésage de dérivation (501). - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le conduit d'alimentation comprend une partie (203) en forme de L et est connecté à une conduite sensiblement horizontale (1) conduisant à l'appareil de fluidisation. - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le conduit de sortie comprend une partie (216) en forme de L conduisant à une conduite sensiblement horizontale (12) partant de l'appareil de fluidisation. - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le conduit d'alimentation (204) dirige l'écoulement du liquide dans le récipient (11) dans plusieurs directions sensiblement radialement par rapport à l'axe principal du conduit d'alimentation. - Appareil selon la revendication 19, dans lequel l'extrémité de sortie du conduit d'alimentation est dotée d'une pluralité de buses (212) disposées radialement autour de celle-ci. - Appareil selon la revendication 20, dans lequel les buses sont disposées dans une pluralité d'étages verticaux. - Appareil selon l'une des revendications 20 ou 21, dans lequel les buses produisent une pulvérisation en éventail. - Appareil selon la revendication 19, dans lequel l'extrémité de sortie du conduit d'alimentation comprend un capuchon (310) ayant une pluralité de fentes (314) disposées radialement. - Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le conduit d'alimentation (1) est éloigné du conduit de sortie (12). - Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le conduit d'alimentation (1) est parallèle le long d'une partie de sa longueur à une partie du conduit de sortie (208). - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel une partie (204) du conduit d'alimentation s'étend dans le récipient (11) à travers la base du récipient. - Appareil selon la revendication 26, dans lequel la partie (204) s'étendant dans le récipient (11) a une longueur plus courte que le diamètre du récipient. - Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un hydrocyclone adjacent au conduit de sortie. - Récipient (11) équipé de l'appareil de fluidisation (10) tel que défini à l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes. - Récipient selon la revendication 29, dans lequel le récipient (11) est un pot ouvert. - Récipient selon la revendication 2.9, dans lequel le récipient (11) est un pot fermé. - Récipient selon l'une quelconque des revendications 29 à 31, dans lequel le conduit d'alimentation (1) est connecté directement au conduit de sortie (12) par l'intermédiaire d'une soupape (16). - Récipient selon l'une quelconque des revendications 31 et 32, dans lequel le conduit de sortie (12) passe à travers un cyclone (18) de réduction de pression. - Récipient selon l'une quelconque des revendications 29 à 33, dans lequel le débit au conduit de sortie (12) est détecté et le débit du liquide dans le conduit d'alimentation (1) est commandé en conséquence. - Procédé de traitement d'une matière pouvant être fluidisée dans un récipient (11), le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à : - alimenter un récipient en liquide sous pression, le liquide étant émis dans une partie inférieure du récipient sous la forme d'un ou de plusieurs jets sensiblement transversaux à l'axe principal du conduit d'alimentation (1,204), et - retirer la matière fluidisée à partir du récipient (11), le procédé étant caractérisé par le fait que l'extrémité d'entrée du conduit de sortie (12,208) est protégée vis-à-vis de l'entrée de matière non fluidisée par un élément de bride (214) situé entre les jets et l'extrémité d'entrée du conduit de sortie, l'élément de bride étant adapté pour détourner l'écoulement de matière fluidisée pour le faire passer devant la surface inférieure de l'élément de bride (214) avant d'entrer dans l'extrémité d'entrée du conduit de sortie.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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