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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1081403 29.03.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001081403
Titel Gekapselte, trockenlaufende Scheibenbremse
Anmelder Meritor Heavy Vehicle Systems, LLC, Troy, Mich., US
Erfinder Johnson, Michael E., Rochester, Michigan 48306, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60033347
Vertragsstaaten DE, IT, NL, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 16.08.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 001172766
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 07.03.2001
EP date of grant 14.02.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 29.03.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse F16D 55/10(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates a dry disc brake wherein the interface between the friction pads and the rotating member is sealed from the environment.

Disc brakes are utilized in a variety of braking applications. In particular, disc brakes are utilized in heavy vehicle braking. One known type of disc brake is a "dry" disc brake. In a second type known as a "wet" disc brake, the brake discs are secured in a sealed chamber carrying a fluid. In a dry disc brake, hydraulic pistons are actuated to engage friction pads with a rotating surface. The engagement of the friction pads and the rotating surface slows rotation of the rotating surface.

A dry disc brake 20 as known in the prior art is shown in Figure 1. A fixed housing 22 carries a pair of opposed pistons 24. Pistons 24 are supplied with fluid through fluid communication lines 26. The fluid communication lines receive a hydraulic fluid to move the pistons 24 and pads 30 towards a rotating disc 28. A pad 30 is actuated on each side of the disc 28. When the system attempts to brake rotation of the rotating member 28, hydraulic fluid is supplied to the pistons 24 which are forced inwardly, forcing the pads 30 against the rotating member 28. This slows rotation of the rotating member 28. In the embodiment shown in Figure 1, an open area 32 is defined inwardly of the rotating member 28 and the pad 30.

This open area allows debris to reach the interface between the pads 30 and the rotating member 28. This can affect the braking characteristics of the system. Further, the open area 32 might present sparking issues in certain applications. Finally, the braking force occurs over a limited area on the two sides of the rotating member 28. The heat created by the braking is entirely on the one small rotating member 28 in this prior art system.

US-A-4,335,808 shows a dry disc brake comprising a stationary outer housing having two ring-shaped plates between which a rotating member carrying a pair of opposed pistons rotate. The rotating member includes communication lines for supplying an actuating fluid to the pistons. A pair of disc plates positioned outwardly of the pistons and on opposed sides of the pistons are moved into contact with the ring-shaped plates of the outer housing. An open area is defined inwardly of the outer housing and allows debris to reach the interface between the ring-shaped plates and the disc plates.

DE-A-31 37 494 shows a non-rotating central housing carrying an axially displaceable cylinder in which a movable piston is arranged. The central housing includes communication lines for supplying an actuating fluid to the piston. A pair of disc plates positioned outwardly of the housing and the piston is provided. A rotating member rotating with the shaft has first and second rotating plate-shaped portions positioned on each side of the housing. The portions are part of two pot-shaped housing halves which are fixed to each other. The piston and the cylinder are actuatable to bring the disc plates into contact with the plate-shaped portions of the rotating member to slow rotation of the rotating member. The plate-shaped portions are positioned on the sides of the cylinder and of the piston.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention consist of a dry disc brake with the features of claim 1.

In this invention, the fixed components of a dry disc brake are positioned internally of the rotating components. The rotating components surround the pistons and pads, and seal the interface between the pads and the rotating member from debris, etc. Further, the interface is provided on two discs of the rotating member such that the surface area which carries the braking load is on two separate housing components. Thus, there is twice as much housing surface area for carrying heat away from the braking operation when compared to the prior art. These and other features of the present invention can be best understood from the following specification and drawings, the following of which is a brief description.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Figure 1 shows a prior art dry disc brake.
  • Figure 2 shows the inventive dry disc brake.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

A dry disc brake 34 is illustrated in Figure 2. A fixed housing 36 is provided with a pair of opposed pistons 38. A hydraulic fluid supply 40 supplies fluid to the chambers between the pistons 38. It should be understood, that pistons 38 are not rings, but rather are circular and spaced circumferentially about a central axis X of the housing 36.

Pads 42 are positioned on each side of the pistons 38. Friction plates 44 are positioned on a rotating member 46 and associated with each of the pads 42. As with the prior art, when it is desired to slow or stop rotation of the rotating member 46, pistons 38 are forced by hydraulic fluid to engage the pads 42 with the friction plates 44. Plates 44 are wear plates, and are optional. However, with this invention, the friction plates are not on opposed faces of a single plate, but instead are on two different housing portions. Thus, the heat from the braking operation is split over two housing components, and is more easily removed by convection.

As shown, the rotating member 46 includes a first rotating plate or wall member 47 associated with one friction plate 44, an outer housing or a cylindrical outer wall 48 extends between and connected to a second rotating plate or wall member 50. External fins 51 and 52 are formed on each of the wall members 48 and 50 and assist in carrying heat away from the walls 47 and 50 when braking occurs.

A seal 54 has an inner seal portion 56 in contact with a shoulder 57 on the housing 36. The seal 54 rotates with the rotating member 46, and insures that debris, etc. will not leak into the area of the discs.

A connector 58 secures the seal 54 to the portion 50.

An axle 60 supports the housing 36. A shaft 61 rotates with the plate 46, and may be associated with a wheel.

The present invention thus discloses a dry disc brake wherein the components which perform the braking operation are enclosed and protected from debris. Further, the present invention discloses a system wherein the braking heat is placed on two separate housing members, and thus causes less concern than with the prior art single braking disc.

A worker of ordinary skill in this art would recognize that certain modifications come within the scope of this invention. For that reason the following claims should be studied to determine the true scope and content of this invention.


Anspruch[de]
Trockenlaufende Scheibenbremse mit: einem nicht drehenden mittleren Gehäuse (36), das zwei gegenüberliegende Kolben (38) trägt, wobei das mittlere Gehäuse (36) Verbindungsleitungen für die Versorgung der beiden gegenüberliegenden Kolben (38) mit Betätigungsfluid aufweist; zwei Scheibenplatten, die außerhalb der beiden gegenüberliegenden Kolben (38) und an entgegengesetzten Seiten der Kolben (38) angeordnet sind; einem Drehelement (46), das sich mit einer Welle (61) dreht, wobei das Drehelement (46) eine erste und eine zweite Drehplatte (47, 50) aufweist, die auf der einen und auf der anderen Seite des mittleren Gehäuses (36) angeordnet sind, und wobei die beiden gegenüberliegenden Kolben (38) betätigt werden können, um die beiden Scheibenplatten selektiv mit der ersten und der zweiten Drehplatte (47, 50) in Berührung zu bringen und die Drehung des Drehelements (46) zu verlangsamen, wobei das Drehelement (46) die erste Drehplatte (47) aufweist, die an einer Seite der beiden gegenüberliegenden Kolben (38) angeordnet ist; einem Außengehäuse (48), das sich über eine Länge der beiden gegenüberliegenden Kolben (38) und bezüglich einer Drehachse (X) des Drehelements (46) radial außerhalb der beiden gegenüberliegenden Kolben (38) erstreckt, wobei das Außengehäuse (48) an der ersten Drehplatte (47) angebracht ist und die zweite Drehplatte (50) an einer zur ersten Drehplatte (47) entgegengesetzten Seite der beiden gegenüberliegenden Kolben (38) am Außengehäuse (48) befestigt ist, um eine Kontaktfläche zwischen den beiden gegenüberliegenden Kolben (38) und zwischen den beiden Scheibenplatten und der ersten und der zweiten Drehplatte (47, 50) abzudichten; einer Dichtung (54), die sich mit der zweiten Drehplatte (50) dreht und einen Abschnitt des mittleren Gehäuses (36) abdichtend berührt, um einen Zwischenraum zwischen den beiden gegenüberliegenden Kolben (38) und der ersten und der zweiten Drehplatte (47, 50) gegenüber der Umgebung abzudichten. Bremse nach Anspruch 1, bei der beide Drehplatten (47, 50) Außenrippen (51, 52) zur Unterstützung der Wärmeableitung von einer Kontaktfläche zwischen den Scheibenplatten und den Drehplatten (47, 50) aufweisen. Trockenlaufende Scheibenbremse nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei der die Dichtung (54) einen inneren Dichtungsabschnitt (56) aufweist, der eine Innenumfangsfläche eines Absatzes (57) am Gehäuse (36) berührt, wobei der Absatz (57) am Gehäuse (36) eine Drehachse (X) der Drehwelle (61) umgibt. Trockenlaufende Scheibenbremse nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der das mittlere Gehäuse (36) an einer Achswelle (62) angebracht ist, wobei die Achswelle (62) im Allgemeinen koaxial zur Drehwelle (61) verläuft. Trockenlaufende Scheibenbremse nach Anspruch 4, bei der zwischen einander gegenüberliegenden Enden der Drehwelle (61) und der Achswelle (62) ein Zwischenraum vorhanden ist. Trockenlaufende Scheibenbremse nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der eine erste Drehplatte (47) der Drehplatten an der Drehwelle (61) befestigt ist, wobei die Dichtung (54) an einer zweiten Drehplatte (50) der Drehplatten befestigt ist.
Anspruch[en]
A dry disc brake comprising: a non-rotating, central housing (36) carrying a pair of opposed pistons (38), said central housing (36) including communication lines for supplying an actuating fluid to said pair of opposed pistons (38); a pair of disc plates positioned outwardly of said pair of opposed pistons (38) and on opposed sides of said pistons (38); a rotating member (46) rotating with a shaft (61), said rotating member (46) having first and second rotating plates (47, 50) positioned on each side of said central housing (36), and said pair of opposed pistons (38) being actuatable to selectively bring said pair of disc plates into contact with said first and second rotating plates (47, 50) to slow rotation of said rotating member (46), said rotating member (46) including said first rotating plate (47) positioned on one side of said pair of opposed pistons (38); an outer housing (48) extending along a length of said pair of opposed pistons (38) radially outwardly of said pair of opposed pistons (38) relative to a rotational axis (X) of said rotating member (46), and said outer housing (48) being fixed to said first rotating plate (47); and said second rotating plate (50) being secured to said outer housing (48) on an opposed side of said pair of opposed pistons (38) from said first rotating plate (47) to seal an interface between said pair of opposed pistons (38) and said pair of disc plates and said first and second rotating plates (47, 50); a seal (54) rotating with said second rotating plate (50), and being in sealing contact with a portion of said central housing (36), to seal a space between said pair of opposed pistons (38) and said first and second rotating plates (47, 50) from the environment. A brake as according to claim 1, wherein both of said rotating plates (47, 50) have external fins (51, 52) for assisting in taking heat away from an interface of said disc plates and said rotating plates (47, 50). A dry disc brake as recited in claim 1 or 2, wherein said seal (54) has an inner seal portion (56) in contact with an inner-peripheral surface of a shoulder (57) on said housing (36), said shoulder (57) on said housing (36) surrounding a rotational axis (X) of said rotating shaft (61). A dry disc brake as recited in any of the preceding claims, wherein said central housing (36) is mounted on an axle shaft (62), said axle shaft (62) is generally coaxial with said rotating shaft (61). A dry disc brake as recited in claim 4, wherein there is a space between opposed ends of said rotating shaft (61) and said axle shaft (62). A dry disc brake as recited in any of the preceding claims, wherein a first of said rotating plates (47) is fixed to said rotating shaft (61), and said seal (54) being fixed to a second of said rotating plates (50).
Anspruch[fr]
Frein à disque sec, comprenant: un boîtier central (36) non rotatif portant deux pistons (38) en regard, le boîtier central (36) comprenant des conduits de raccordement pour l'alimentation des deux pistons (38) en regard en fluide d'actionnement; deux plaques de disque agencées à l'extérieur des deux pistons (38) en regard et sur des côtés opposés des pistons (38); un élément rotatif (46) tournant avec un arbre (61), l'élément rotatif (46) comprenant une première et une deuxième plaque rotative (47, 50) agencées de part et d'autre du boîtier central (36), les deux pistons (38) en regard pouvant être actionnés afin de mettre les deux plaques de disque sélectivement en contact avec la première et la deuxième plaque rotative (47, 50) et ralentir la rotation de l'élément rotatif (46), l'élément rotatif (46) comprenant la première plaque rotative (47) qui est agencée sur un côté des deux pistons (38) en regard; un boîtier externe (48) s'étendant sur une longueur des deux pistons (38) en regard radialement à l'extérieur des deux pistons (38) en regard par rapport à un axe de rotation (X) de l'élément rotatif (46), le boîtier externe (48) étant monté sur la première plaque rotative (47) et la deuxième plaque rotative (50) étant fixée sur le boîtier externe (48) sur un côté des deux pistons (38) en regard qui est opposé à la première plaque rotative (47) afin de rendre étanche une face de contact entre les deux pistons (38) en regard et entre les deux plaques de disque et la première et la deuxième plaque rotative (47, 50); un joint d'étanchéité (54) tournant avec la deuxième plaque rotative (50) et se trouvant en contact d'étanchement avec un tronçon du boîtier central (36) afin de rendre étanche un espace entre les deux pistons en regard (38) et la première et la deuxième plaque rotative (47, 50) par rapport à l'environnement. Frein selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les deux plaques rotatives (47, 50) comprennent des nervures externes (51, 52) pour assister à l'évacuation de la chaleur d'une face de contact entre les plaques de disque et les plaques rotatives (47, 50). Frein à disque sec selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le joint d'étanchéité (54) présente un tronçon interne d'étanchéité (56) en contact avec une surface de périphérie intérieure d'un épaulement (57) sur le boîtier (36), l'épaulement (57) sur le boîtier (36) entourant un axe de rotation (X) de l'arbre rotatif (61). Frein à disque sec selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le boîtier central (36) est monté sur un arbre d'essieu (62), l'arbre d'essieu (62) étant généralement coaxial à l'arbre rotatif (61). Frein à disque sec selon la revendication 4, dans lequel un espace est présent entre des extrémités opposées de l'arbre rotatif (61) et l'arbre d'essieu (62). Frein à disque sec selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel une première plaque rotative (47) des plaques rotatives est fixée sur l'arbre rotatif (61), le joint d'étanchéité (54) étant fixé sur une deuxième plaque rotative (50) des plaques rotatives.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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