PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1114955 12.04.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001114955
Titel Zweiwegeventil
Anmelder SMC Corp., Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Tokuda, Tetsuro, Tsukuba-gun, Ibaraki, JP;
Sakurai, Toyonobu, Tsukuba-gun, Ibaraki, JP;
Suzuki, Hiroaki, Tsukuba-gun, Ibaraki, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60126851
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 05.01.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 013000716
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 11.07.2001
EP date of grant 28.02.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 12.04.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse F16K 1/48(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a two-port valve for allowing and preventing passage of fluid such as air, oil, water, and steam.

There is a known pilot-type two-port valve in which a pilot valve is switched to supply or discharge pressure fluid to and from a pressure operating chamber on one face side of a pressure-receiving body, such as a piston or a diaphragm, to move the pressure-receiving body and a valve member connected to the pressure-receiving body through a valve stem. Movement of the valve stem opens and closes a valve seat, thereby connecting and separating an input port and an output port for the pressure fluid to and from each other.

An example of this known pilot-type two-port valve 100 is shown in FIG. 4. The valve 100 includes a main valve 101 having an input chamber 103 into which pressure fluid is introduced from an input port, an output port 104, a valve seat 105 in a flow path connecting the ports, and a valve member 106 for opening and closing the valve seat 105 and a pilot valve 102. In the main valve 101, the valve seat 105 is opened and closed by moving the valve member 106 up and down through a valve stem 107. A pressure-receiving body (a diaphragm in this example) 108 is secured to the valve stem 107 and the valve stem 107 is constantly pushed in a valve-closing direction by a return spring 109. The pressure-receiving body 108 is moved up and down by supplying and discharging the pressure fluid to and from the pressure operating chamber 110 by the pilot valve 102.

In the above known pilot-type two-port valve 100, a first stepped portion 114 and a second stepped portion 115 formed of shoulder portions and small-diameter portions extending in an axial direction are formed at a lower portion of the valve stem 107, an external thread is formed at an outer periphery of the small-diameter portion of the second stepped portion 115, the valve member 106 and a receiving plate 116 are respectively fitted over the small-diameter portions of the first stepped portion 114 and the second stepped portion 115, the valve member 106 is pushed against the shoulder portion of the first stepped portion 114 through the receiving plate 116 to mount the valve member 106 to the valve stem 107 by screwing a nut 117 over the small-diameter portion of the second stepped portion 115.

However, in this type of pilot-type two-port valve 100, because the valve member 106 is pushed against the valve stem 107 through the receiving plate 116 by screwing the nut 117 in mounting the valve member 106 to the valve stem 107, there are the following problems (1) to (4).

  1. (1) Because the valve member is fixed to the valve stem through the nut, it is difficult to obtain a satisfactory degree of parallelization of the valve member and the valve seat and airtightness is poor.
  2. (2) Because it is necessary to screw the nut while fixing the valve stem, assembly is not easy and replacement of the valve member is not easy either.
  3. (3) Because it is necessary to take measures against loosening of the nut, assembly accuracy and reliability are poor.
  4. (4) It is necessary to subject the valve stem to thread cutting and rotation preventing processing which increases cost.

A two-port valve that is not the pilot type essentially has similar problems.

U.S. 3265351 discloses a valve with a valve member carried on a reduced diameter end of a valve stem. The valve member on a stem shaped portion thereof carries a separate sealing ring which is held in place by a plate and ring.

A two-port valve of the invention comprises a valve body including an input port and an output port for pressure fluid, a valve seat in a flow path connecting the ports, a valve member for opening and closing the valve seat, and a shaft for causing the valve member to carry out opening and closing operations, wherein the shaft has at a tip end region thereof a shoulder portion and a reduced diameter portion extending towards the tip end from the shoulder portion and wherein the valve member has a hole into which the reduced diameter portion of the shaft is inserted, characterised in that the shaft has a groove formed in the reduced diameter portion near the tip end and into which a snap ring is mounted; in that the hole of the valve member is a through hole and valve member has an annular stepped portion formed by increasing the diameter of an end portion of the through hole on the far side of the through hole considered in the direction of insertion of the tip end of the shaft, the stepped portion housing a seal for providing sealing between the valve member and the shaft, and in that the valve member and an annular plate are successively fitted over the reduced diameter portion of the shaft and the plate is fixed to the shaft by the snap ring and thereby brought into pressure contact with the seal housed in the stepped portion whereby the valve member is pushed against the shoulder portion by the plate via the seal.

It is preferable that the shoulder portion via the seal by the plate and that the shoulder portion of the shaft is tapered and a portion of the valve member pushed against the shoulder portion has a taper that is substantially similar to a taper of the shoulder portion.

The two-port valve may be a pilot-type two-port valve, the valve member being connected to a piston through the shaft, and a pressure operating chamber to and from which pilot fluid pressure is supplied and discharged being formed on one side face of the piston.

In mounting of the valve member and the shaft to each other in the two-port valve, the valve member is fitted over the small-diameter portion of the shaft, the seal is mounted to the stepped portion of the valve member, and the plate fitted over the small-diameter portion to resiliently push the valve member against the shoulder portion of the shaft. In this state, the diameter of the snap ring is increased, the snap ring is fitted over the small-diameter portion, and the diameter of the snap ring is reduced at the location of the groove formed in the small-diameter portion to mount the snap ring into the groove.

Therefore, the valve member is locked by the snap ring in a state in which the plate presses the seal against the resilience of the seal and pushes the valve member against the shoulder portion of the shaft.

By carrying out the operations in a reverse order, the valve member can be detached from the shaft.

As described above, because the valve member is not fixed to the shaft but is locked resiliently by the snap ring through the plate, a deviation in the degree of parallelization of the valve member can be corrected automatically, and it is unnecessary to subject the shaft to thread cutting and rotation preventing processing of a nut.

The plate is locked by the snap ring, which provides measures against loosening. Because sealing is provided between the shaft and the valve member by the seal mounted to the stepped portion of the valve member, sealing is reliable.

At least the preferred embodiments provide a two-part valve in which a deviation in the degree of parallelization of a valve member and a valve seat can be corrected automatically, which has excellent airtightness, which allows easy assembly and replacement of the valve member, which has excellent assembly accuracy and reliability, and which enables cost to be reduced.

The invention will now be described by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings:

  • FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view of a salient portion of an embodiment of a valve of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is an exploded view of a valve member of the valve of FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve member after assembly.
  • FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view of a salient portion of a known pilot-type two-port valve.

FIG. 1 is a vertical sectional view of an embodiment of a pilot-type two-port valve. The valve is shown on the left side of the center line in an open state and on the right side in a closed state.

The pilot-type two-port valve 1 includes a main valve (two-port valve) 2 and a pilot valve 3 mounted to the main valve 2. The main valve 2 has a valve body 4, a cover 5 airtightly mounted to the valve body 4, a piston 18 for sliding in the cover 5, and a valve member 25 mounted to a shaft 15 of the piston 18. The valve body 4 has an input port 6 and an output port 7 for pressure fluid, a valve seat 8 provided in a flow path connecting the ports, a mounting portion 9 to which the valve seat 8 is mounted, and an opening 10 provided to open into the cover 5 in a position facing the mounting portion 9, and the valve member 25 for opening and closing the valve seat 8 is mounted in a flow path of the valve body. The cover 5 has a space portion 17 for housing the piston 18 and the shaft 15 and a pilot port 11 and a breathing port 12 are provided to a vicinity of an upper portion of the cover 5.

A lower portion of the space portion 17 formed in the cover 5 opens into the opening 10 of the valve body 4 and a spacer 16 having a through hole through which the shaft 15 passes is housed airtightly in a mouth portion 14 on the open side.

The piston 18 secured airtightly to the shaft 15 is housed in the space portion 17 above the spacer 16. An outer peripheral wall of the space portion 17 functions as a cylindrical face on which the piston 18 slides airtightly. A spring chamber 17a is formed above the piston 18 and a pressure operating chamber 17b is formed between the piston 18 and an upper face of the spacer 16.

A circular ceiling portion 60 having a depression 19 at a center of the ceiling portion 60 is formed above the space portion 17. The ceiling portion 60 limits an upward movement position of the piston 18 and a partition 22 in a shape of a hollow cylinder is formed to project from an upper portion of the depression 19. A space portion 21 in the partition 22 is a space portion into which an extending portion 15b of the shaft 15 is fitted and inserted and a bearing 24 for guiding the shaft 15 and a seal 23 for sealing a periphery of the shaft 15 are provided to the partition 22 at an outer periphery of the space portion 21.

An annular space portion 19a is formed between the partition 22 and an outer peripheral wall of the depression 19 and a return spring 20 for acting on and constantly biasing the piston 18 downward is housed in the depression 19 including the annular space portion 19a.

The spacer 16 is in a cylindrical shape having small-diameter portions 16a and 16b in vicinities of upper and lower end portions of the cylinder, a large-diameter portion 16c between the small-diameter portions 16a and 16b, and a through hole in a central portion of the cylinder. The lower small-diameter portion 16b is inserted into the opening 10 of the valve body. A lower end face of the large-diameter portion 16c is supported by a body wall at a periphery of the opening 10 and sealed by a seal 31 mounted in an annular groove on the body wall provided to surround the opening 10. An upper end face of the large-diameter portion 16c is positioned by a snap ring 26 mounted in an annular groove portion in an upper portion of the mouth portion 14. An annular groove in which a seal 27 is to be mounted is formed in an outer peripheral face of an upper portion of the large-diameter portion 16c. On the other hand, a bearing 50 for guiding the shaft 15 is mounted in a vicinity of an upper end of a peripheral wall of the through hole of the spacer 16 through which the shaft 15 passes. Annular grooves in which seals 28, 29, and 30 are to be mounted are respectively formed between a lower end of the peripheral wall of the through hole and the bearing 50 and the annular seals 28, 29, and 30 are respectively mounted in the respective annular grooves.

The seal 27 is a seal for separating the pressure operating chamber 17b and outside air from each other. The seal 28 is a seal (scraper) for scraping off filth and the like deposited on the shaft. The seal 29 is a seal for preventing entry of fluid from the valve body side. The seal 30 is a seal for sealing pressure in the pressure operating chamber 17b.

The shaft 15 has a smaller diameter on an upper side of a portion where the piston 18 is mounted than at a portion where the shaft 15 passes through the spacer 16. An upper portion of the shaft 15 is housed in the space portion 21 and a lower portion of the shaft 15 passing through the spacer 16 and extending into the valve body 4 has a reduced diameter and is airtightly mounted with the valve member 25 for opening and closing the valve seat 8 through a seal 34.

Piston packing 33 is mounted to a periphery of the piston 18, the spring chamber 17a above the piston 18 communicates with the breathing port 12, and the pressure operating chamber 17b communicates with the space portion 21 through a through hole 15a formed in the shaft 15. If the pilot valve 3 is mounted onto the cover 5, the space portion 21 communicates with the pilot port 11 or the breathing port 12 through the pilot valve 3 as shown in FIG. 1.

If the space portion 21 is separated from the breathing port 12 and communicates with the pilot port 11 simultaneously by switching of the pilot valve 3, pressure fluid from the pilot port 11 is supplied to the pressure operating chamber 17b through the through hole 15a. Therefore, the piston 18 is pushed up by the pressure fluid against spring force of the return spring 20. As a result, the valve member 25 moves upward through the shaft 15 to which the piston 18 is secured. Thus, the valve seat 8 opens and the pressure fluid in the input port 6 flows into the output port 7.

On the other hand, if the space portion 21 is separated from the pilot port 11 and communicates with the breathing port 12 by switching of the pilot valve 3, the pressure fluid in the pressure operating chamber 17b flows out from the breathing port 12 through the through hole 15a and the space portion 21. Therefore, the piston 18 is pushed down by the spring force of the return spring 20. As a result, the valve member 25 moves downward through the shaft 15 to which the piston 18 is secured. Thus, the valve seat 8 closes and the pressure fluid in the input port does not flow into the output port.

Although the space portion 21 is connected to the pilot port 11 or the breathing port 12 by providing the pilot valve 3 onto the cover 5 in the embodiment, the pilot-type two-port valve is not necessarily limited to this.

For example, it is also possible to introduce pilot fluid pressure into the pilot port 11 from outside through a three-port valve (not shown). In this case, the pilot port 11 merely has to be connected to the space portion 21 and the pilot valve 3 shown in FIG. 1 may be omitted. Because the pressure fluid in the space portion 21 is supplied and discharged by switching the three-port valve in this case, it is unnecessary to connect the space portion 21 to the breathing port 12.

FIGS. 2 and 3 show details of a connecting structure of the shaft 15 and the valve member 25. FIG. 2 is an exploded view of the valve member and FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve member after assembly.

The shaft 15 has in a vicinity of a tip end portion thereof a tapered (saucer-shaped) shoulder portion 51 with a diameter gradually reducing toward the tip end and with a large taper angle and a small-diameter portion 52 extending from a position of the shoulder portion toward the axial tip end. A taper 53 is formed at a tip end portion of the small-diameter portion 52 and a groove portion 55 which is adjacent to the taper 53 and into which a snap ring 54 is mounted is formed above the taper 53.

The valve member 25 is in a disc shape and has a through hole 61 into which the small-diameter portion 52 of the shaft 15 is inserted at a center portion of the valve member 25. A diameter of one end portion of the through hole 61 on the tip end side of the shaft 15 is partially increased to form an annular stepped portion 62 and the other end of the through hole 61 is formed with a tapered portion 63 whose diameter is increased to have a taper substantially similar to that of the shoulder portion 51.

A seal 65 for providing sealing between the small-diameter portion 52 of the shaft 15 and the valve member 25 is mounted to the stepped portion 62. The valve member 25 is locked through a plate 66 having a through hole into which the small-diameter portion 52 of the shaft 15 is inserted while being pushed against the shoulder portion 51 by the snap ring 54 mounted into the groove portion 55. An annular seal 65 formed of a resilient member has a size in an axial direction of the shaft larger than a depth of the stepped portion 62 when the seal 65 is mounted to the stepped portion 62 as shown in FIG. 3. Therefore, when the plate 66 is mounted by the snap ring 54 mounted into the groove portion 55, the valve member 25 is resiliently pushed against the shoulder portion 51 through the seal 65 by the plate 66. The snap ring 54 is formed by curving a resilient metal wire into a C shape.

Assembly of the valve member 25 is carried out as follows.

In mounting the valve member 25 to the shaft 15, the valve member 25 is fitted over the small-diameter portion 52 formed in a vicinity of an end portion of the shaft 15 and the seal 65 is mounted to the annular stepped portion 62. Then, the plate 66 is fitted over the small-diameter portion 52 and the tapered portion 63 of the valve member 25 is pushed against the tapered shoulder portion 51 of the shaft 15 by pushing the seal 65 and the valve member 25 by the plate 66. In this state, a diameter of the snap ring 54 is increased and the snap ring 54 is fitted over the shaft 15. By reducing the diameter of the snap ring 54 in a position of the groove portion 55 provided to the small-diameter portion 52, the snap ring 54 is mounted into the groove portion 55.

Therefore, the valve member 25 is locked to the shaft 15 through the plate 66 by the snap ring 54 mounted into the groove portion 55 of the shaft 15 in a state in which the plate 66 pushes the tapered portion 63 of the valve member 25 against the tapered shoulder portion 51 of the shaft 15 while pushing the seal 65 against resiliency of the sealant 65.

Thus, the valve member 25 is mounted to the shaft 15. By carrying out the operations in a reverse order, the valve member 25 can be detached from the shaft 15.

Because the valve member 25 is not fixed to the shaft 15 through a nut or the like but is locked by the snap ring 54 through the plate 66 in this pilot-type two-port valve, the valve member 25 can be seated along the valve seat 8, a deviation of a degree of parallelization of the valve member 25 can be corrected automatically, and it is unnecessary to subject the shaft to thread cutting and a rotation preventing device such as a nut.

The plate 66 is locked by the snap ring 54, which provides measures against loosening. Therefore, it is unnecessary to subject the shaft to thread cutting and a rotation preventing device such as a nut, assembly and replacement of the valve member are easy, proper and reliable assembly is enhanced, and cost reduced.

Because sealing is provided between the shaft 15 and the valve member 25 by the sealant 65 mounted to the stepped portion 62 of the valve member 25, sealing is reliable.

As described above, according to the invention, it is possible to provide a two-port valve in which a deviation of the degree of parallelization of the valve member and the valve seat can be corrected automatically, which has an excellent sealing property, assembly and replacement of the valve member are easy, which has excellent assembly correctness and reliability, and the cost of which can be reduced.


Anspruch[de]
Zweiwegeventil (1) beinhaltend ein Ventilgehäuse (4) umfassend einen Eingangsport (6) und einen Ausgangsport (7) für Druckfluid, einen Ventilsitz (8) in einem Durchflussweg, der die Ports verbindet, ein Ventilelement (25) zum Öffnen und Schließen des Ventilsitzes (8) und einen Schaft (15), der das Ventilelement (25) veranlasst zu öffnen und zu schließen, wobei der Schaft (15) an einem Endabschnitt ein breiteres Teilstück (51) und ein Teilstück (52) mit reduziertem Durchmesser aufweist, das sich ausgehend vom breiteren Teilstück bis zum Ende erstreckt, und wobei das Ventilelement (25) eine Bohrung (61) hat, in die das Teilstück (52) mit reduziertem Durchmesser von dem Schaft (15) eingesetzt ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Schaft (15) eine Nut (55) aufweist, die in das Teilstück (52) mit reduziertem Durchmesser in der Nähe des Endes eingeformt ist und in der ein Schnappring (54) sitzt; dass die Bohrung des Ventilelementes (25) eine durchgehende Bohrung (61) ist und Ventilelement (25) ein ringförmig abgestuftes Teilstück (62) aufweist, eingeformt durch Vergrößerung des Durchmessers eines Endabschnittes der durchgehenden Bohrung (61) auf der Seite der durchgehenden Bohrung, die der Einsetzrichtung des Schaftendes abgewandt ist, dass das abgestufte Teilstück (62) eine Dichtung (65) aufnimmt, die der Abdichtung zwischen dem Ventilelement (25) und dem Schaft (15) dient, und dass das Ventilelement (25) und eine ringförmige Platte (66) nacheinander auf dem Teilstück (52) mit reduziertem Durchmesser des Schaftes (15) angebracht sind und die Platte (66) an dem Schaft durch den Schnappring (54) fixiert ist und dadurch an die Dichtung (65) angepresst wird, die im abgestuften Teilstück untergebracht ist, wodurch das Ventilelement (25) durch die Platte (66) über die Dichtung (65) gegen das breitere Teilstück (51) gedrückt wird. Zweiwegeventil nach Anspruch 1, wobei das breitere Teilstück (51) des Schaftes (15) angeschrägt ist und das Teilstück (63) des Ventilelementes (25), das gegen das breitere Teilstück (51) gedrückt wird, eine korrespondierende Anschrägung aufweist. Zweiwegeventil nach den Ansprüchen 1 oder 2, wobei das Zweiwegeventil ein Zweiwege-Servoventil ist, das Ventilelement (25) über dem Schaft (15) mit einem Kolben (18) verbunden ist, und eine Druckbetriebskammer (17), die Steuerfluiddruck aufnimmt und abgibt, an eine Seitenfläche des Kolbens (18) angeformt ist.
Anspruch[en]
A two-port valve (1) comprising a valve body (4) including an input port (6) and an output port (7) for pressure fluid, a valve seat (8) in a flow path connecting the ports, a valve member (25) for opening and closing the valve seat (8), and a shaft (15) for causing the valve member (25) to carry out opening and closing operations, wherein the shaft (15) has at a tip end region thereof a shoulder portion (51) and a reduced diameter portion (52) extending towards the tip end from the shoulder portion and wherein the valve member (25) has a hole (61) into which the reduced diameter portion (52) of the shaft (15) is inserted, characterised in that the shaft (15) has a groove (55) formed in the reduced diameter portion (52) near the tip end and into which a snap ring (54) is mounted; in that the hole of the valve member (25) is a through hole (61) and valve member (25) has an annular stepped portion (62) formed by increasing the diameter of an end portion of the through hole (61) on the far side of the through hole considered in the direction of insertion of the tip end of the shaft, the stepped portion (62) housing a seal (65) for providing sealing between the valve member (25) and the shaft (15), and in that the valve member (25) and an annular plate (66) are successively fitted over the reduced diameter portion (52) of the shaft (15) and the plate (66) is fixed to the shaft by the snap ring (54) and thereby brought into pressure contact with the seal (65) housed in the stepped portion whereby the valve member (25) is pushed against the shoulder portion (51) by the plate (66) via the seal (65). A two-port valve as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the shoulder portion (51) of the shaft (15) is tapered and the portion (63) of the valve member (25) which is pushed against the shoulder portion 51) has a corresponding taper. A two-port valve as claimed in either Claim 1 or Claim 2, wherein the two-port valve is a pilot-type two-port valve, the valve member (25) is connected to a piston (18) via the shaft (15), and a pressure operating chamber (17) to and from which pilot fluid pressure is supplied and discharged is formed on one side face of the piston (18).
Anspruch[fr]
Soupape à deux voies (1) comportant un corps de soupape (4) comprenant un orifice d'entrée (6) et un orifice de sortie (7) pour du fluide sous pression, un siège de soupape (8) dans une trajectoire d'écoulement reliant les orifices, un organe de soupape (25) destiné à ouvrir et à fermer le siège de soupape (8), et une tige (15) destinée à amener l'organe de soupape (25) à effectuer les opérations d'ouverture et de fermeture, dans laquelle la tige (15) possède au niveau d'une région de l'extrémité du bout de celle-ci une portion de type épaulement (51) et une portion au diamètre réduit (52) se prolongeant vers l'extrémité du bout en provenance de la portion de type épaulement et dans laquelle l'organe de soupape (25) possède un trou (61) dans lequel la portion au diamètre réduit (52) de la tige (15) est insérée, caractérisée en ce que la tige (15) possède une rainure (55) réalisée dans la portion au diamètre réduit (52) à proximité de l'extrémité du bout et dans laquelle un segment d'arrêt (54) est monté ; en ce que le trou de l'organe de soupape (25) est un trou traversant (61) et l'organe de soupape (25) possède une portion étagée annulaire (62) réalisée par l'augmentation du diamètre d'une portion d'extrémité du trou traversant (61) sur le côté opposé du trou traversant considéré dans la direction d'insertion de l'extrémité du bout de la tige, la portion étagée (62) logeant un joint (65) pour la mise en oeuvre d'une étanchéité entre l'organe de soupape (25) et la tige (15), et en ce que l'organe de soupape (25) et une plaque annulaire (66) sont successivement placés sur la portion au diamètre réduit (52) de la tige (15) et la plaque (66) est fixée sur la tige par le biais du segment d'arrêt (54) et de ce fait mise en contact sous pression avec le joint (65) logé dans la portion étagée ce par quoi l'organe de soupape (25) est poussé contre la portion de type épaulement (51) par la plaque (66) par le biais du joint (65). Soupape à deux voies selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la portion de type épaulement (51) de la tige (15) est conique et la portion (63) de l'organe de soupape (25) qui est poussé contre la portion de type épaulement (51) a une conicité correspondante. Soupape à deux voies selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans laquelle la soupape à deux voies est une soupape à deux voies du type pilote, l'organe de soupape (25) est connecté sur un piston (18) par le biais de la tige (15), et une chambre de commande de pression (17) vers laquelle et en provenance de laquelle la pression du fluide pilote est fournie et déchargée est réalisée sur une face latérale du piston (18).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
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E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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