PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP0676860 19.04.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0000676860
Titel Frequenzmodulationsschaltung
Anmelder Sony Corp., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Ishikawa, Nobuyuki, Tokyo, JP
Vertreter Mitscherlich & Partner, Patent- und Rechtsanwälte, 80331 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 69535414
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, NL
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 06.04.1995
EP-Aktenzeichen 954007621
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 11.10.1995
EP date of grant 07.03.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 19.04.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse H03D 3/20(2006.01)A, F, I, 20070206, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse H03C 3/40(2006.01)A, L, I, 20070206, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a frequency modulation circuit, and is applicable to, for example, the frequency modulation of a sound signal in an RF (radio frequency) modulator used for VTR (video tape recorder), CATV (community antenna television), and the like.

DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATED ART

Hitherto, in a VTR, for example, a video signal and the sound signal reproduced from a magnetic tape are converted in an RF conversion circuit into a high-frequency signal (RF signal), and supplied to the antenna terminal of a television. The VTR reproduces the video and sound signals that have been converted to this high-frequency signal, using the television.

The RF conversion circuit obtains an FM (frequency modulation) sound signal in which a sound carrier signal is frequency-modulated with a reproduced sound signal, to balanced-modulate an RF signal with this FM sound signal, and simultaneously obtains an AM (amplitude modulation) video signal in which RF signal is amplitude-modulated with a reproduced video signal to mix the AM video signal with a balanced modulation output. Then, RF conversion circuit sends out the mixed signal, through a band pass filter having a predetermined frequency, as an RF conversion signal.

One of the RF conversion circuits of the aforementioned kind, as an FM circuit for obtaining the FM sound signal, has been disclosed in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 60-248008 (Japanese Patent Publication No. 4-79163). The circuit constitution of the FM circuit for realizing this is shown in Figure 1. The FM circuit 1 outputs the sound carrier signal S1 oscillated from the LC resonance circuit 3 of a main oscillation circuit 2 as a signal S4 via a transistor Q5 and a coupling capacitor C2, and obtains multiplication output by multiplying the signal S4 (and thus, in effect, the sound carrier signal S1) with an audio signal SA input from a sound signal input circuit 5 at a multiplication circuit 4. Then, the FM circuit 1 shifts the phase of the sound multiplication output via a phase shifting circuit 6, and then synthesizes it with the sound carrier signal S1, thereby obtaining the frequency modulation output. Then, FM circuit 1 outputs frequency-modulated signal from an output amplifier circuit 7.

The main oscillation circuit 2 connects a collector of a differential transistor Q7 out of a differential transistor pair Q6, Q7 via an amplification transistor Q11 and an IC terminal T3, to the LC resonance circuit 3 composed of a coil L1 and a capacitor C1. The LC resonance circuit 3 is connected to an IC terminal T2 extending from a power source line P1, and therefore sends out the sound carrier signal S1 from the LC resonance circuit 3, connected in parallel with a load resistor R6, to the side of the transistor Q11. The sound carrier signal S1 is fed, through the feedback transistor Q5 and further through a coupling capacitor C2, back to the base of the other transistor Q6 by positive feedback, so that the transistors Q6 and Q7 oscillate at the oscillation frequency of the LC resonance circuit 3.

On the other hand, in the sound signal input circuit 5, the audio signal SA is input from an external terminal T4 to bases of transistors Q29 and Q30 of a differential transistor pair, and is output from the collectors as sound signals S2 and S3 to the multiplication circuit 4. In the multiplication circuit 4, the sound carrier signal S4 sent from the transistors Q6 and Q7 of the main oscillation circuit 2 is amplitude-modulated by the sound signals S2 and S3, thereby an AM sound signal S5 is obtained. The AM modulation signal S5 is shifted &pgr;/2 radians by a capacitor C3, and then vector-synthesized in the emitter of the amplifier transistor Q11 with the sound carrier signal S1, so that a frequency modulation signal can be obtained.

The frequency of the sound carrier signal S1 oscillated from the LC resonance circuit 3 of the FM circuit 1 is fixed by the inductance of the coil L1, and the electrostatic capacity and the circuit impedance of the capacitor C1. For example, under the NTSC (national television system committee) television signal standard, it is set to oscillate at a modulation frequency of 4.5 [MHz].

Incidentally, in addition to the NTSC standard, various other TV signal standards such as PAL (phase alternation by line) and the like are adopted in various regions of the world, so that the sound carrier signal used in the FM circuit is set to a different frequency for each of the TV standards. In Japan and U.S., for example, the NTSC standard is adopted and therefore a modulation frequency of 4.5 [MHz] is set. On the other hand, in European countries including U.K. and Eastern Europe, 5.5 [MHz], 6.0 [MHz] or 6.5 [MHz] are employed as a modulation frequency, respectively. Therefore, in the FM circuits in which the resonance frequency of the LC resonance circuit is fixed, such as the FM circuit 1 described above, there has been no interchangeability between regions in which the frequencies of the sound carrier signals are different.

Then, in order to correspond to each of the modulation frequencies of these different TV standards, there has been proposed a FM circuit as shown in Figure 2 in which a varactor diode D 1 capable of varying an electrostatic capacity by voltage is combined with a coil L2 of an LC resonance circuit 8, and which makes a resonance frequency variable thereby performing modulation conversion.

However, there is a fundamental problem that the C-V (electrostatic capacity - voltage) characteristic of the varactor diode is non-linear. Also, there is another problem. If the amplitude of an input signal becomes large, self-bias effect occurs which adds oscillation signal voltage to the varactor diode, and therefore the linearity of the frequency modulation is deteriorated. Further, there is another problem that, in the cases where the bias to be supplied to the LC resonance circuit is set to 5 [V] or more to vary the electrostatic capacity of the varactor diode, an additional power supply is needed under the condition that the circuits such as IC is operated by 5 [V], and therefore the circuit constitution becomes complicated.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In view of the foregoing, an object of this invention is to provide a frequency modulation circuit which varies the resonance frequency of an LC resonance circuit and corresponds to the frequency of different TV standards with a simple constitution.

Another object of the invention is to provide a frequency modulation circuit which constitutes a resonance circuit without a coil realized using passive elements so as to be suitable for implementation as an IC.

Further, another object of the invention is to provide a frequency modulation circuit which combines the passive elements of a switching resonance circuit depending on resistance, capacity, and the like to obtain stable oscillation output.

The foregoing objects and other objects of the invention have been achieved by the provision of a frequency modulation circuit comprising : a main oscillation circuit for generating a first signal having an oscillation frequency of a resonant circuit including an LC resonance circuit, said main oscillation circuit comprising a differential circuit connected to the LC resonance circuit; a multiplication circuit of differential circuit constitution for multiplying the first signal by a second signal, thereby forming a third signal in which the first signal is amplitude-modulated by the second signal; a phase shifting circuit for shifting a phase of the third signal by supplying the third signal to the main oscillation circuit through phase-shifting means; and means in the main oscillation circuit for frequency-modulating said first signal with the phase-shifted third signal; characterised in that said resonant circuit comprises a plurality of passive element series circuits connected to the LC resonance circuit in parallel, wherein each of said plurality of passive element series circuits comprises a capacitor and a resistor; and a plurality of switching means for switching and controlling the plurality of passive element series circuits and the LC resonance circuit by connecting or separating them.

The plurality of passive element series circuits for varying the time constant of the LC circuit is connected or separated to or from the LC resonance circuit by the switching means, so that the oscillation frequency of the LC resonance circuit can be switched to a predetermined frequency.

The nature, principle and utility of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which like parts are designated by like reference numerals or characters.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the accompanying drawings :

  • Figure 1 is a circuit diagram showing the overall constitution of an FM circuit of the related art;
  • Figure 2 is a circuit diagram showing an LC resonance circuit of the related art using a varactor diode;
  • Figure 3 is a circuit diagram showing the overall constitution of a first embodiment of the FM circuit of the present invention;
  • Figure 4 is a table showing the relation between the connection state of each of the switches connected to the CR (capacitor-resistor) pairs shown in Figure 3 and the resonance frequency of the FM circuit;
  • Figures 5A to 5D are circuit diagrams showing the constitution of the LC resonance circuit of the present invention;
  • Figure 6 is a graph explaining the modulation frequency and oscillation output in the FM circuit;
  • Figure 7 is a circuit diagram showing a second embodiment of an LC resonance circuit of the present invention;
  • Figure 8 is a table showing the relation between the connection state of each of the switches connected to the CR pairs of the second embodiment and the resonance frequency; and
  • Figures 9A, 9B, 10A and 10B are circuit diagrams explaining the LC resonance circuit of the second embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings:

The first embodiment of the present invention is shown in Figure 3. 10 generally indicates an FM circuit, in which a sound carrier signal S11 is produced at an LC resonance circuit 12 of a main oscillation circuit 11. A multiplication output of a multiplication circuit 13 is phase shifted &pgr;/2 and added to the sound carrier signal S11. A two-phase audio signal SA is input from a sound signal input circuit 14 to differential input portions Q61, Q62, Q63, and Q64 of the multiplication circuit 13, and the sound carrier signal S11 is amplitude-modulated with this audio signal SA. The amplitude-modulated sound carrier signal S15 is phase shifted via a phase shifting circuit 15, and then is vector-synthesized with the sound carrier signal S11. In this way, the FM signal is obtained.

The main oscillation circuit 11 connects a collector of a differential transistor Q72 out of two differential transistors Q72 and Q73 via an amplifier transistor Q71 and an IC terminal T13 to the LC resonance circuit 12 composed of a coil L3 and a capacitor C9. The IC terminal T13 is connected via a resistor R67 to a constant voltage power source line P10 and the collector of the amplifier transistor Q71. Also, the IC terminal T13 is connected with three CR pairs, (C10, R80), (C11, R81), and (C12, R82), each composed of a capacitor for varying CR time constant of the LC circuit 12 and a resistor in parallel, respectively. Each of these three CR pairs is composed of a series circuit of a capacitor and a resistor. The other ends of the resistors R80, R81, and R82 are connected to the collectors of transistors Q81, Q82, and Q83, respectively. The transistors Q81, Q82, and Q83 have grounded emitters, and receive at their bases control signals from a microcomputer (not shown) via change-over switches SW1, SW2, and SW3.

The sound carrier signal S11 produced by oscillations from the LC resonance circuit 12 is input to the collector of the amplifier transistor Q71 and the base of a feedback transistor Q76. This sound carrier signal S11 is fed through the feedback transistor Q76 and a coupling capacitor C13 back to the base of the other transistor Q73 of the differential transistors Q72 and Q73 by a positive feedback, so that the transistors Q72 and Q73 oscillate at the resonance frequency of the LC resonance circuit 12.

The multiplication circuit 13 has differential transistors Q65 and Q66, and receives a feedback signal S12 obtained through the coupling capacitor C13 at the base of the transistor Q66. The transistors Q65 and Q66 are connected to pairs of transistors Q61 and Q62, and Q63 and Q64. The audio signal SA is input to the sound signal input circuit 14 from an IC terminal T14 via a capacitor C15 and a transistor Q60, and is supplied from differential transistors Q53 and Q54 to the multiplication circuit 13.

More particularly, a first phase sound signal S13 is input from the transistor Q53 out of two differential transistors Q53 and Q54 to the bases of the transistors Q62 and Q63 of the multiplication circuit 13, and simultaneously a second phase sound signal S14 is input from the other transistor Q54 to the bases of the transistors Q61 and Q64 of the multiplication circuit 13. As a result, the collectors of the transistors Q62 and Q64 obtain the AM sound signal S15 in which the feedback signal S12 transmitted from the transistors Q72 and Q73 of the main oscillation circuit 11 is amplitude-modulated by the sound balance signals S13 and S14. Then, the AM sound signal S15 is supplied through an emitter follower transistor Q69 of the phase shifting circuit 15 to a capacitor C14. In the capacitor C14, the AM sound signal S15 is shifted &pgr;/2, and then is synthesized with the sound carrier signal S11 in the emitter of the amplifier transistor Q71 to generate an FM signal. The FM signal is output via the feedback transistor Q76 from an IC terminal T11.

The switches SW1, SW2, and SW3 controlled by a microcomputer (not shown) are connected with each of the bases of the transistors Q81, Q82, and Q83 which are connected to the other ends of the CR pairs connected to the LC resonance circuit 12 of the main oscillation circuit 11, respectively. By switching the switches SW1, SW2, and SW3, control signals to be supplied to the bases of the transistors Q81, Q82, and Q83 are controlled. As a result, the transistors are controlled to turn on and off, so that the CR pairs connected to the transistors are grounded or switched to connect to the open terminals.

In order to obtain each frequency of 6.5 [MHz], 6.0 [MHz], 5.5 [MHz], and 4.5 [MHz] of the sound carrier signal, the electrostatic capacity and resistance values of each of the series connection CR pairs connected to the LC resonance circuit 12 are obtained as follows. As shown in Figure 4, when the switches SW1, SW2, and SW3 are all off, the LC resonance circuit 12 becomes as shown Figure 5A. And when the resonance frequency f1 at this time is set to 6.5 [MHz], the angular frequency &ohgr; of the resonance circuit 12 is obtained, using the resonance frequency f1, by the following equation: &ohgr; = 2 &pgr; f 1 Further, with the angular frequency &ohgr;, the electrostatic capacity C01 = 33 [pF] of the capacitor C9 set to obtain a stable oscillation with respect to the coil L3 having an inductance L03 = 18 [µH] which is connected in parallel to the LC resonance circuit 12, and a value "Q" representative of a sharpness of resonance set to a predetermined value 9, the resistance value r0 of the resistor R67 connected to the resonance circuit 12 is obtained by the following equation : r 0 = Q &ohgr; C 01 And the obtained value is r0 = 6.68 [k&OHgr;].

Next, when only the switch SW1 is turned on with respect to the LC resonance circuit 12 to which CR pairs have not been connected, the LC resonance circuit 12 becomes as shown in Figure 5B. In the case where the resonance frequency f2 at this time is set to 6.0 [MHz], the CR pair of parallel circuit is converted to the CR pair of series circuit by Y-Z conversion by using the electrostatic capacity C02' of the capacitor and the resistance value r1' of the resistor both of which construct the CR pair of parallel circuit. Therefore, it is possible to set the electrostatic capacity C02 and the resistance value r1 of the CR pair (C10, R80) of a series circuit which are connected to the resonance circuit when turning on the switch SW1.

That is, the angular frequency &ohgr; is obtained, using the resonance frequency f2, by the following equation : &ohgr; = 2 &pgr; f 2

Further, the electrostatic capacity C10' of the overall resonance circuit is obtained by substituting the electrostatic capacity C02' = 6.0 [pF] of the capacitor newly connected in parallel to the resonance circuit and the electrostatic capacity C01 = 33 [pF] of the capacitor which already exists in the resonance circuit into the following equation: C 10 ʹ = C 01 + C 02 ʹ

At this time, if the Q value of the oscillation frequency is set to a constant value "9", the resistance value r1' newly added to the LC resonance circuit 12 is obtained, using this electrostatic capacity C10' and the angular frequency &ohgr;, by the following equation: r 1 ʹ = Q &ohgr; C 10 ʹ

Further, the total resistance R1 when the resistance value r1' and the resistance value r0 of the resistor already connected in the resonance circuit are connected in parallel, is calculated by the following equation: R 1 = r 0 r 1 ʹ r 0 + r 1 ʹ

Further, using the resistance value R1, the electrostatic capacity C10' of the capacitor, and the angular frequency &ohgr;, the following equations can be effected : C 10 ʹ = C 10 r 1 &ohgr; C 10 2 + 1 R 1 = r 1 2 &ohgr; 2 C 10 2 + 1 r 1 2 &ohgr; 2 C 10 2 Then, Y-Z conversion is performed by using the results of equations (7) and (8). Further, it is possible to set the electrostatic capacity C02 of the capacitor C10 and resistance value r1 of the resistor R80 of the CR pair (C10, R80) of a series circuit to be connected to the resonance circuit, respectively, using the following equation (in combination with equations (7) and (8)) : C 10 = C 01 + C 02

In the case where the switches SW1 and SW2 are turned on, the LC resonance circuit 12 becomes as shown in Figure 5C. When the resonance frequency f3 at this time is set to 5.5 [MHz], the CR pair to be connected to the resonance circuit by turning the switch SW2 on is converted into the CR pair (C11, R81) of a series circuit by Y-Z conversion with the use of the electrostatic capacity C03' and resistance value r2' of the CR pair of a parallel circuit. Therefore, the electrostatic capacity C03 and resistance value r2 of the CR pair (C11, R81) of a series circuit are set.

First, the angular frequency &ohgr; is obtained using a resonance frequency f3, by the following equation : &ohgr; = 2 &pgr; f 3

Further, the electrostatic capacity C20' of the overall resonance circuit is obtained by substituting the electrostatic capacity C03' = 7.5 [pF] of the capacitor newly connected in parallel to the resonance circuit and the electrostatic capacity C10 = 39 [pF] of the LC resonance circuit 12 as the switch SW1 is turned on into the following equation: C 20 ʹ = C 10 + C 03 ʹ

Next, the resistance value r2' of the LC resonance circuit for setting the Q value of the resonance circuit to a constant value "9" is obtained using the electrostatic capacity C20' and the angular frequency &ohgr;, by the following equation : r 2 ʹ = Q &ohgr; C 20 ʹ

Further, the total resistance R2, when the resistance value r2' and the resistance values r0 and r1 of the resistors R67 and R80 already connected in the resonance circuit are connected in parallel, is obtained by the following equation : R 2 = r 0 r 1 r 2 ʹ r 1 r 2 ʹ + r 1 r 0 + r 0 r 2 ʹ

Further, using the resistance value R2, the electrostatic capacity C03' of the capacitor, and the angular frequency &ohgr;, the following equations can be effected : C 20 ʹ = C 20 r 2 &ohgr; C 20 2 + 1 R 2 = r 2 2 &ohgr; 2 C 20 2 + 1 r 2 2 &ohgr; 2 C 20 2 By using the results of equations (14) and (15), Y-Z conversion is performed. Further, it is possible to set the electrostatic capacity C03 of the capacitor C11 and resistance value r2 of the resistor R81 of the CR pair (C11, R81) of a series circuit that are connected to the resonance circuit by turning the switch SW2 on, using the following equation in combination with equations (14) and (15)) : C 20 = C 10 + C 03

Further, when the switches SW1, SW2, and SW3 are turned on at the same time, the LC resonance circuit 12 becomes as shown in Figure 5D. When the resonance frequency f4 at this time is set to 4.5 [MHz], the CR pair to be connected to the resonance circuit by turning the switch SW3 on is converted into the CR pair (C12, R82) of a series circuit by Y-Z conversion with the use of the electrostatic capacity C04' and resistance value r3' of a CR pair of a parallel circuit. Therefore, the electrostatic capacity C04 and resistance value r3 of the CR pair (C12, R82) of the series circuit are set.

First, the angular frequency &ohgr; is obtained using the resonance frequency f4, by the following equation: &ohgr; = 2 &pgr; f 4 Further, the electrostatic capacity C30' of the overall resonance circuit is obtained by substituting the electrostatic capacity C04' = 22.5 [pF] of the capacitor newly connected in parallel to the resonance circuit and the electrostatic capacity C20 = 46.5 [pF] of the LC resonance circuit 12 as the switches SW1 and SW2 are turned on into the following equation : C 30 ʹ = C 20 + C 04 ʹ Next, the resistance value r3' of the LC resonance circuit for setting the Q value of the resonance circuit to a constant value "9" is obtained, using this electrostatic capacity C30' and the angular frequency &ohgr;, by the following equation : r 3 ʹ = Q &ohgr; C 30 ʹ Further, the total resistance R3 when the resistance value r3' and the resistance values r0, r1 and r2 of the resistors already connected in the resonance circuit are connected in parallel is obtained by the following equation : R 2 = r 0 r 1 r 2 r 3 ʹ r 0 r 2 r 3 ʹ + r 1 r 2 r 3 ʹ + r 0 r 1 r 2 + r 0 r 1 r 3 ʹ Further, using this resistance value R3, the electrostatic capacity C04' of the capacitor, and the angular frequency &ohgr;, the following equations are effected : C 30 ʹ = C 30 r 3 &ohgr; C 30 2 + 1 R 3 = r 3 2 &ohgr; 2 C 30 2 + 1 r 3 2 &ohgr; 2 C 30 2 By using the results of equations (21) and (22), Y-Z conversion is performed. Further, there can be set the electrostatic capacity C04 of the capacitor C12 and resistance value r3 of the resistor R82 of the CR pair (C12, R82) of a series circuit that are connected to the resonance circuit, using the following equation (in combination with equations (21) and (22)) : C 30 = C 20 + C 04

In the constitution described above, the sound carrier signal S11 produced by oscillation from the main oscillation circuit 11 is amplitude-modulated in the multiplication circuit 13 by the sound signals S13 and S14 input from the sound signal input circuit 14. That is, the AM sound signal S15 obtained via the capacitor C14 of the phase shifting circuit 15 varies in amplitude according to the sound signal, and has the same frequency and a phase difference of &pgr;/2 with respect to the feedback signal of the transistor Q73. Therefore, an FM signal, in which the positive feedback signal S11 and the AM sound signal S15 are vector-synthesized, is obtained on the collector side of the amplification transistor Q71.

Here, the CR pairs (C10, R80), (C11, R81), and (C12, R82) to be connected to the LC resonance circuit 12 are selected by switching the switches SW1, SW2, and SW3 of the main oscillation circuit 11. Thereby, the time constant of the LC resonance circuit 12 is switched, and the resonance frequency of the LC resonance circuit 12 is varied to one of these values: f1 = 6.5 [MHz], f2 = 6.0 [MHz], f3 = 5.5 [MHz], or f4 = 4.5 [MHz]. As a result, in TV standards having different frequencies of the sound carrier signal, the frequency modulation of the sound signal can be performed by selecting the frequency of the sound carrier signal to be used in the frequency modulation according to the respectively different frequencies required for the different TV standards.

In accordance with the constitution described above, a plurality of CR pairs that can be connected to or disconnected from a phase shifter type of oscillation apparatus is switched to connect or separate by the switches SW1, SW2, and SW3, so that the frequency of the sound carrier signal used for the frequency modulation can easily be switched to a desired frequency. In this case, the problem of distortion in the oscillation frequency signal occurring by a self-bias, as in the case of using a varactor diode, is avoided. Further, when varying the resonance frequency of the LC resonance circuit, the Q value may be set to a constant value (such as "9"), varying the electrostatic capacity of the CR pair, so that, as shown in Figure 6, the oscillation outputs which are frequency-modulated by the frequencies 4.5 [MHz], 5.5 [MHz], 6.0 [MHz], and 6.5 [MHz] of the sound carrier signal of each TV standard can be made substantially the same level. As a result, a stable frequency modulation is performed. In addition, an external bias power source is unnecessary, so that external components can be reduced in number.

Further, since the CR pair composed of the capacitor and the resistor which are to be connected to the LC resonance circuit 12 is made a series connection of a capacitor and a resistor, the resistance value can be reduced. Therefore, occupied areas of resistors in the circuit can be reduced and the CR pair can be constructed in an IC more easily.

Furthermore, in the embodiment described above, when varying the CR time constant of the LC resonance circuit 12 to correspond to each frequency of sound carrier signal, the CR pairs are sequentially connected to lower the resonance frequency, so that a plurality of capacitors of each CR pair are combined, and the electrostatic capacity of the resonance circuit is increased by the total electrostatic capacity of the connected capacitors of the CR pairs. However, the present invention is not limited to this, but, as shown in Figure 7, the electrostatic capacity of the resonance circuit can be set with only the capacitor of each CR pair. This is described below as the second embodiment of the present invention.

More particularly, in an LC resonance circuit 20 of the second embodiment shown in Figure 7, switch transistors Q81, Q82, and Q83 (shown in Figure 3, not shown in Figure 7) are respectively connected to the other ends of CR pairs of (C20, R90), (C21, R91), and (C22, R92). The electrostatic capacity and resistance value of each of the CR pairs is set as follows; the capacitor C20 is set to 6.02 [pF], the resistor R90 to 267 [&OHgr;], the capacitor C21 to 13.5 [pF], the resistor R91 to 132 [&OHgr;], the capacitor C22 to 36.16 [pF], and the resistor R92 to 64.9[&OHgr;].

Now, the operation of the second embodiment of the present invention will be described, as follows.

The resonance frequency of the LC resonance circuit 20 described above can be changed by controlling the switch transistors Q81, Q82, and Q83 shown in Figure 3 which are connected to the CR pairs, by a control signal from a microcomputer, and then turning on or off the switch transistors corresponding to the respective resonance frequencies. More particularly, as shown in Figure 8, all the switches SW1, SW2, and SW3 turn off when the frequency of the sound carrier signal is 6.5 [MHz], so that the electrostatic capacity and resistance of the LC resonance circuit 20 become 33 [pF] and 6.68 [k&OHgr;] (Figure 9A). As a result, the Q value can be set to "9" with respect to the resonance frequency of 6.5 [MHz].

Also, when the resonance frequency is 6.0 [MHz], the electrostatic capacity C20 and resistor R90 of the CR pair connected to the LC resonance circuit 20 become 36.16 [pF] and 64.9 [&OHgr;] (Figure 9B) by turning only the switch SW1 on, so that the Q value can be set to "9" with respect to the resonance frequency of 6.0 [MHz]. Further, when the resonance frequency is 5.5 [MHz], the electrostatic capacity C21 and resistor R91 of the CR pair connected to the LC resonance circuit 20 become 13.5 [pF] and 132 [&OHgr;] (Figure 10A) by turning only the switch SW2 on, so that the Q value can be set to "9" with respect to the resonance frequency of 5.5 [MHz].

Further, when the resonance frequency is 4.5 [MHz], the electrostatic capacity C22 and resistor R92 of the CR pair connected to the LC resonance circuit 20 become 6.02 [pF] and 267 [&OHgr;] (Figure 10B) by turning only the switch SW3 on, so that the Q value can be set to "9" with respect to the resonance frequency of 4.5 [MHz]. Thus, even if the CR pair for varying the CR time constant is separately connected corresponding to each resonance frequency, the electrostatic capacity of the LC resonance circuit 20 can be varied. Therefore, by setting the Q value of each frequency at the time of oscillating to "9", a stable oscillation output can be obtained.

In the present invention described above, a plurality of passive element series circuits and switching means for varying the time constant of the LC resonance circuit are provided, and the passive element series circuits connected to or separated from the LC resonance circuit is switched by the switching means, so that an frequency modulation circuit can be realized which can easily vary the resonance frequency of the LC resonance circuit.

Furthermore, the passive element series circuit is composed of the capacitor and the resistor, and the transistor is used for the switching element for switching this series circuit, so that the frequency modulation circuit can be implemented in an IC. As a result, it is possible to cut the cost.

While there have been described above certain preferred embodiments of the invention, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the invention. It is aimed, therefore, to cover in the appended claims all such changes and modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention. For example, while a variable FM circuit has been described above capable of producing carrier signal frequencies of 4.5, 5.5, 6.0 and 6.5 MHz, it is to be understood that additional and/or alternative carrier signal frequencies may be accommodated. Such additional or alternative carrier signal frequencies could correspond, for example, to sound carrier signal frequencies set by new TV standards.


Anspruch[de]
Frequenzmodulationsschaltung mit variabler Frequenz, aufweisend: eine Haupt-Oszillationsschaltung (11) zum Erzeugen eines ersten Signals, das eine Oszillationstrequenz einer resonanten Schaltung hat, die eine LC-Resonanzschaltung (12) aufweist, wobei die Haupt-Oszillationsschaltung aufweist eine Differenzschaltung, die mit der LC-Resonanzschaltung verbunden ist; eine Multiplikationsschaltung (13), die den Aufbau einer Differenzschaltung hat zum Bilden eines dritten Signals, das durch die Multiplikation eines zweiten Signals mit dem ersten Signal erzeugt wird, wodurch das erste Signal mit dem zweiten Signal amplitudenmoduliert wird; eine Schaltung (15) zum Verschieben einer Phase des dritten Signals durch die Bereitstellung des dritten Signals zur Haupt-Oszillationsschaltung durch ein Phasenverschiebungsmittel: und ein Mittel (Q71) in der Haupt-Oszillationsschaltung (11) zum Frequenzmodulieren des ersten Signals mit dem phasen-verschobenen dritten Signal; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die resonante Schaltung aufweist: eine Vielzahl von Passiv-Elemente-Reihenschaltungen (C10. R80; C11, R81; C12, R82), die zu der LC-Resonanzschaltung (12) parallelgeschaltet sind, wobei jede der Vielzahl von Passiv-Elemente-Reihensehaltungen einen Kondensator und einen Widerstand aufweist; und eine Vielzahl von Schaltmitteln (Q81-Q83) zum Schalten und Steuern durch Verbinden oder Trennen der Vielzahl von Passiv-Elemente-Reihenschaltungen und der LC-Resonanzschaltung. frequenzmodulationsschaltung mit variabler Frequenz nach Anspruch 1 und aufweisend Steuermittel zum Schalten der Kombination der Vielzahl von Passiv-Elemente-Reihenschaltungen, die mit der LC-Resonanzschaltung verbunden sind. Frequenzmodulationsschaltung mit variabler Frequenz nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei

der Q-Wert (Qualitätsfaktor) einer Resonanzschaltung der Haupt-Osziliationsschaltung (11) zu einem gewünschten Wert durch das Verbinden oder Trennen der Vielzahl von Passiv-Elemente-Reihenschaltungen mit oder von der LC-Resonanzschaltung (12) gesetzt ist.
Frequenzmodulationsschaltung mit variabler Frequenz nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei

die Resonanzfrequenz der LC-Resonanzschaltung (12), welche durch das Verbinden oder Trennen der Vielzahl von Passiv-Elemente-Serienschaltungen mittels der Schaltmittel umgeschaltet wird, 4,5 [MHz], 5,5 [MHz], 6,0 [MHz] und 6,6 [MHz] ist.
Frequenzmodulationsschaltung mit variabler Frequenz nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei

die Vielzahl der Schaltmittel mit der Vielzahl von Passiv-Elemente Reihenschaltungen reihengeschaltet sind.
Frequenzmodulationsschaltung mit variabler Frequenz nach Anspruch 5, wobei das passive Element ein Widerstand und ein Kondensator ist, und das Schaltmittel ein bipolarer Transistor (Q81-Q83) ist.
Anspruch[en]
A variable frequency modulation circuit, comprising: a main oscillation circuit (11) for generating a first signal having an oscillation frequency of a resonant circuit including an LC resonance circuit (12), said main oscillation circuit comprising a differential circuit connected to said LC resonance circuit; a multiplication circuit (13) having the constitution of differential circuit for forming a third signal generated by multiplying a second signal to said first signal, thereby amplitude-modulating said first signal with said second signal; a circuit (15) for shifting a phase of said third signal by supplying said third signal to said main oscillation circuit through phase-shifting means; and means (Q71) in the main oscillation circuit (11) for frequency-modulating said first signal with the phase-shifted third signal; characterised in that said resonant circuit comprises: a plurality of passive element series circuits (C10, R80; C11, R81; C12, R82) connected to said LC resonance circuit (12) in parallel, wherein each of said plurality of passive element series circuits comprises a capacitor and a resistor; and a plurality of switching means (Q81 - Q83) for switching and controlling by connecting or separating said plurality of passive element series circuits and said LC resonance circuit. A variable frequency modulation circuit according to claim 1 and comprising control means for switching the combination of said plurality of passive element series circuits connected to said LC resonance oscillation circuit. The variable frequency modulation circuit according to claim 1 or 2, wherein

the Q (quality factor) value of a resonance circuit of said main oscillation circuit (11) is set to a desired value by connecting or separating said plurality of passive element series circuits to or from said LC resonance circuit (12).
The variable frequency modulation circuit according to claim 1 or 2, wherein

the resonance frequency of said LC resonance circuit (12), which is switched by connecting or separating said plurality of passive element series circuits with the use of said switching means, is 4.5 [MHz], 5.5 [MHz], 6.0 [MHz], and 6.5 [MHz].
The variable frequency modulation circuit according to claim 1 or 2, wherein

said plurality of switching means are connected to said plurality of passive element series circuits in series.
The variable frequency modulation circuit according to claim 5, wherein

said passive element is a resistor and a capacitor, and switching means is a bipolar transistor (Q81 - Q83).
Anspruch[fr]
Circuit de modulation de fréquence variable, comportant : un circuit d'oscillation principal (11) pour générer un premier signal possédant une fréquence d'oscillation d'un circuit résonant comprenant un circuit de résonance LC (12), ledit circuit d'oscillation principal comportant un circuit différentiel relié audit circuit de résonance LC ; un circuit de multiplication (13) possédant la structure d'un circuit différentiel pour former un troisième signal généré en multipliant un second signal audit premier signal, modulant ainsi en amplitude ledit premier signal avec ledit second signal ; un circuit (15) pour décaler une phase dudit troisième circuit en délivrant ledit troisième signal audit circuit d'oscillation principal par l'intermédiaire de moyens de déphasage ; et des moyens (Q71) dans ledit circuit d'oscillation principal (11) pour moduler en fréquence ledit premier circuit avec le troisième signal déphasé ; caractérisé en ce que ledit circuit résonant comprend : une pluralité de circuits série d'éléments passifs (C10, R80 ; C11, R81 ; C12, R82) reliés audit circuit de résonance LC (12) en parallèle, dans lequel chacun de ladite pluralité de circuits série d'éléments passifs comprend un condensateur et une résistance ; et une pluralité d'éléments de commutation (Q81-Q83) pour commuter et commander en reliant ou en séparant ladite pluralité de circuit série d'éléments passifs et ledit circuit de résonance LC. Circuit de modulation de fréquence variable selon la revendication 1 et comportant des moyens de commande pour commuter la combinaison de ladite pluralité de circuits série d'éléments passifs reliés audit circuit d'oscillation de résonance LC. Circuit de modulation de fréquence variable selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel

la valeur Q (facteur qualité) d'un circuit de résonance dudit circuit d'oscillation principal (11) est fixée à une valeur désirée en reliant ou en séparant ladite pluralité de circuits série d'éléments passifs à ou dudit circuit de résonance LC (12).
Circuit de modulation de fréquence variable selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel

la fréquence de résonance dudit circuit de résonance LC (12), qui est commuté en reliant ou en séparant ladite pluralité de circuits série d'éléments passifs en utilisant lesdits éléments de commutation, est 4,5[MHz], 5,5[MHz], 6,0[MHz] et 6,5[MHz].
Circuit de modulation de fréquence variable selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel

ladite pluralité de moyens de commutation sont reliés à ladite pluralité de circuits série d'éléments passifs en série.
Circuit de modulation de fréquence variable selon la revendication 5, dans lequel ledit élément passif est une résistance et un condensateur, et le moyens de commutation est un transistor bipolaire (Q81-Q83).






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