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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1470313 19.04.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001470313
Titel SCHWINGKLAPPE FÜR DAS HEREIN- UND HERAUSLASSEN VON KLEINEN HAUSTIEREN MIT ANZEIGE FÜR DIE LETZTE DURCHGANGSRICHTUNG
Anmelder Ferplast S.p.A., Castelgomberto, IT
Erfinder VACCARI, Carlo, 36070 Castelgomberto, IT;
PELLEGRINI, Alfred, 371044 Montebelluna, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60218745
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 12.12.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 028050086
WO-Anmeldetag 12.12.2002
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/IT02/00786
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2003052230
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 26.06.2003
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 27.10.2004
EP date of grant 07.03.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 19.04.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse E06B 7/32(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
TECHNICAL FIELD

This invention concerns a pet door provided of a swing flap for pets with a presence indicator and a last transit direction indicator.

More in particular, this invention refers to a pet door with a swing flap for the differentiated entry and exit of pets.

This invention can be applied in the industry for the production of articles for pets.

BACKGROUND ART

The use of pet doors having swing flaps fitted to doors to allow the independent exit and entry of pets without having to continually open and close the door, also to prevent any damage to the door as a result of scratching and knocks made by the animals, is a known fact.

An opening is generally made in the door, close to the ground, bordered by a support frame equipped at the top with pins designed to act as hinges for the flap to swing open as a result of the pressure exercised by the animal and close by means of gravity.

It is currently possible to use flaps connected to servomechanisms, for example a linear actuator, which can be controlled by special electronic units that can receive a signal from a transmitter on the collar of the animal wishing to pass through the flap, thus preventing undesired entries and exits.

Current background art (see for example GB-A-2223049) also includes solutions that foresee the use of electromagnetic devices consisting of a reed switch and a diode on a circuit, which is closed by the entry or exit of the pet wearing a collar fitted with a magnet. In this case too, closure of the circuit enables the movement of a linear actuator designed to open and close the flap.

There are also electronic type solutions using a transponder which dialogues with a special electronic unit which is designed to control the opening and closing of the flap by means of actuators of various types .

One disadvantage is represented by the fact that the presence of the pet inside the house is not indicated in any way, a difficult situation especially if the pet is small and thus sometimes difficult to find.

Another disadvantage is represented by the fact that flaps controlled by electronic or electromagnetic devices are relatively expensive and are also not very reliable. These devices may in fact not be enabled as a result of abrupt movements of the animal or other accidental reasons, not least the loss of a collar fitted with a transmitter or a magnet.

Document US-A-5117890 discloses a flap which is made of a flexible material, in particular by a rectangular piece of screen, i.e a curtain. As figure 2 clearly shows, the screen flap is longer than the

aperture's height, and a rectangular thin weight is attached to the bottom edge of the flap. According to the description, the weight provides an indication whether the pet is inside or outside the house.

This indicator is used in connection with a flexible flap, i.e. a flap that is deformed by the pet when entering or exiting the door, and is not used in connection with a pet door, where the flap is made of rigid material.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

This invention aims to provide a pet door having a swing flap with a presence indicator that can eliminate or significantly reduce the drawbacks described above.

This invention also proposes to provide a swing flap which is easy to manufacture and can be produced at a low cost, thus being economically advantageous.

Another aim of this invention is to provide a pet door having a swing flap, which is universally applicable to any door or wall.

This is achieved by means of a pet door with a swing flap for pets with a presence indicator and having the features described in the main claim.

The dependent claims described advantageous embodiments of the invention.

The pet door having a swing flap with presence indicator according to this invention comprises a frame, which can be fixed to an opening made in a door or in a wall, equipped at the top with hinged means of constraint for a flap, which presents an indicator strip, hinged to the free end of the flap, protruding when in action from the external or the internal part of the said door or wall.

According to this invention the swing flap is equipped with shock absorber means to control the angular opening during the transit of a pet.

The shock absorber means can consist of elastic loading means that can be applied to the hinges connecting the flap to the frame.

These shock absorber means can offer differentiated resistance in relation to the position of the flap in order to prevent abrupt acceleration of the flap.

The pet door having a swing flap is equipped with a function selector which ensures a number of possibilities and in particular the opening of the flap can be permitted:

  • for entry into the house only,
  • for exit from the house only,
  • for both entry and exit,
  • for neither entry nor exit.

The edges of the flap and the corresponding inner edges of the frame are fitted with elastic seals. According to the background art, these seals can be magnetic to ensure an airtight closure.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Other features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description of an embodiment of the invention, provided purely as a non-restricting example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

  • figure 1 represents a front view of a pet door provided of a swing flap according to the invention;
  • figure 2 is a cross-section of the flap shown in figure 1;
  • figure 3 shows an enlarged prospective view of a shock absorber means;
  • figure 4 shows an enlarged partial side view of an indicator strip.

DESCRIPTION OF A FORM OF EMBODIMENT

In the figures, the reference number 10 indicates in general a pet door, in the case in question a pet door 10 with a presence indicator and an indicator 11 of the last transit direction of a pet.

With reference first of all to figures 1 and 2, the pet door 10 comprises a frame 12 positioned and fixed inside a respective opening 13 made in a door or wall 14 of a house, which separates an internal space from an external space.

The frame 12 can consist of an internal half shell 17 and an external half shell 18, cooperating reciprocally and with at least one of these fixed to the door or wall, presenting the respective passageways.

The passageway of the internal half shell 17 is smaller than the passageway of the external half shell, being equipped with a base plinth, which partially obstructs the opening 13.

The upper portion of the passageway of the internal half shell 17 presents hinged means of constraint for a flap 22 designed to close the passageway.

As can be seen in figure 1, the hinged means of constraint can consist of housings designed, in action, to accommodate respective pins 24 integral with the upper part of the flap 22.

In this way, the flap 22 is free to swing from a closed position of the passageway to an open position to allow pets to pass through.

The pet door 10 is equipped with shock absorber means to control the swing of the flap 22; these means can consist of elastic loading means positioned in correspondence with the housings of the pins 24.

With reference to figure 3, the elastic loading means can consist of leaf springs 25 integral with a further blade 26 fixed, for example restrained, to the frame 12 just above each respective housing.

As can be seen in figure 3, each pin 24 presents a portion 20 with an elliptical cross-section and its longer axis aligned with the extension of the flap 22.

In this way, the angular excursion of the flap 22, with respect to the vertical closed position of the passageway 19, is proportionally contrasted by the elastic return action of the springs 25 acting as shock absorbers.

The outer edges of the flap 22 and the edges of the passageway are equipped with grooves designed to house seals 29, 30.

These seals 29, 30 ensure airtight closing of the pet door 10 when the flap 22 is in the vertical position.

Additionally, according to the background art, the seals 29, 30 can be made from a mixture containing magnetic powder in order to make them cooperate during the closing phase of the swing flap 22.

The free end of the flap 22, in action proximal to the base plinth, presents a pin 31 designed to support an indicator strip 11.

With reference to figure 4, it can be seen that the indicator strip 11 comprises a tab whose sides present alphanumeric indications, in particular one side can show the word "IN" and the other side the word "OUT" to indicate whether the pet is present in the house or not.

The tab can have a bevelled free end and is integral with a collar 34 which has a longitudinal slot. The collar 34 is designed to accommodate the pin 31 to allow the indicator strip 11 to swing freely with respect to the flap 22.

The internal half shell 17 is equipped with a knob 36 which is hinged to it and is easily accessible to a user from inside the house. The knob 36, which can be housed inside a respective cavity in the base plinth 21, is fitted, according to the background art, with a pair of elements that control the closing and opening of the flap 22.

By turning the knob 36 it is possible to obtain positions of the control elements that allow the swinging of the flap 22 to be controlled selectively.

The knob 36 is therefore designed to act as a selector which ensures a number of possibilities of use of the pet door 10 and in particular the opening of the flap 22 can be permitted:

  • for entry into the house only,
  • for exit from the house only,
  • for both entry and exit,
  • for neither entry nor exit.

The base plinth can present a projection 40, facing the passageway of the external half shell 18, designed to block the indicator strip 11 in a position which is visible from the outer space after the outward transit of the pet.

This indicator strip 11 is on the other hand clearly visible from the inner space 15 once the pet has returned inside the house.

Any abrupt swinging of the flap 22, with consequent uncontrolled excursions of the indicator strip 11, are prevented by the shock absorber action of the springs 25 with respect to the elliptical pins 20. In this way, the indicator strip 11, showing alphanumerical indications on its sides also in different colours, is always projecting in the same direction as the transit of the pet through the pet door 10, giving a precise indication as to the presence of the pet inside or outside the house, according to the last transit through the flap.

The invention is described above with reference to a preferred form of embodiment. It is nevertheless clear that the invention is susceptible to numerous variations within the framework of technical equivalents.

By way of example, forms of embodiment (not shown in the figures) are possible in which the shock absorber means are the viscose type or in case with a friction action.


Anspruch[de]
Haustiertür (10) für den Eingang und Ausgang kleiner Haustiere, welche einen Rahmen (12) umfasst, welcher an einer in einer Tür oder einer Wand hergestellten Öffnung (13) befestigt werden kann, wobei der Rahmen (12) am oberen Ende mit einem Schwenkzwangsmittel und einer Schwingklappe (22), welche durch das Schwenkmittel schwenkbar am Rahmen (12) angebracht ist, ausgestattet ist, wobei die Klappe des Weiteren eine ein Schild aufweisende Leiste (11) umfasst, welche die Richtung des letzten Durchgangs des Tiers durch Vorspringen in die Richtung anzeigt, und wobei die Anzeigeleiste (11) schwenkbar an der Unterkante der Klappe (22) angebracht ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Klappe mit einem Stoßdämpfermittel ausgestattet ist, welches an den die Schwingklappe (22) mit dem Rahmen (12) verbindenden Scharnieren angebracht ist, um ihre Winkelöffnung während des Durchgangs des Haustiers zu kontrollieren. Haustiertür (10) nach Anspruch, 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Stoßdämpfermittel aus einem elastischen Lastmittel besteht, welches an den die Klappe (22) mit dem Rahmen (12) verbindenden Scharnieren angebracht ist. Haustiertür (10) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Klappe (22) mit Stiften (24) versehen ist, welche mit dem Schwenkzwangsmittel des Rahmens (12) zusammenwirken, wobei zumindest ein Abschnitt (20) dieser Stifte (24) einen elliptischen Querschnitt aufweist. Haustiertür (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 2 und 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das elastische Lastmittel aus Blattfedern (25) besteht, welche mit einer an dem Rahmen (12) befestigten weiteren Zunge (26) eingebaut sind. Haustiertür (10) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jede gegenüberliegende Seite der Anzeigeleiste (11) alphanumerische Anzeigen und/oder verschiedene Farben darstellt.
Anspruch[en]
A pet door (10) for the entry and exit of small pets, which comprises a frame (12), which can be fixed to an opening (13) made in a door or a wall, said frame (12) being equipped at the top with hinged means of constraint and a swing flap (22) hinged through said hinged means to said frame (12), said flap further comprising a strip (11) having a tab indicating the direction of the last transit made by the animal by being projected towards said direction, and whereby said indicator strip (11) is pivotally hinged to the bottom edge of the flap (22), characterised in that said flap is equipped with shock absorber means applied to the hinges connecting the swing flap (22) to the frame (12), to control its angular opening during the transit of the pet. A pet door (10) according to claim 1, characterised in that the shock absorber means consist of elastic loading means that are applied to the hinges that connect the flap (22) to the frame (12). A pet door (10) according to any of the preceding claims, characterised in that the flap (22) is equipped with pins (24), designed to act with the hinged means of constraint of the frame (12), at least one portion (20) of these pins (24) having an elliptical cross-section. A pet door (10) according to anyone of the claims 2 and 3, characterised in that the elastic loading means consist of leaf springs (25) integral with a further blade (26) fixed to the frame (12). A pet door (10) according to anyone of the preceding claims characterised in that each opposite side of the indicator strip (11) presents alphanumeric indications and/or different colours.
Anspruch[fr]
Chatière (10) pour l'entrée et la sortie de petits animaux de compagnie, comportant un cadre (12) qui peut être fixé à une ouverture (13) pratiquée dans une porte ou un mur, ledit cadre (12) étant équipé dans sa partie haute de moyens de contrainte articulés et d'un volet pivotant (22) articulé sur ledit cadre (12) par le biais desdits moyens articulés, ledit volet comportant en outre une languette (11) ayant un onglet indiquant le sens du dernier passage effectué par l'animal, en faisant saillie dans le sens correspondant, et dans lequel ladite languette indicatrice (11) est articulée de manière pivotante sur le bord inférieur du volet (22), caractérisée en ce que ledit volet est équipé de moyens amortisseurs appliqués aux charnières reliant le volet pivotant (22) au cadre (12), de façon à contrôler son ouverture angulaire pendant le passage de l'animal de compagnie. Chatière (10) selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que les moyens amortisseurs se composent de moyens de contrainte élastiques qui sont appliqués aux charnières reliant le volet (22) au cadre (12). Chatière (10) selon l'une des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que le volet (22) est équipé de goupilles (24) destinées à coopérer avec les moyens de contrainte articulés du cadre (12), au moins une portion (20) de ces goupilles (24) étant de section transversale elliptique. Chatière (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 et 3, caractérisée en ce que les moyens de contrainte élastiques se composent de ressorts à lames (25) intégrés à une autre lame (26) fixée au cadre (12). Chatière (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que chaque côté opposé de la languette indicatrice (11) présente des indications alphanumériques et/ou des couleurs différentes.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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