PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1341063 31.05.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001341063
Titel Elektronisches Uhrwerk mit Datumsanzeigefunktion
Anmelder Seiko Epson Corp., Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Kitahara, Joji, Suwa-shi, Nagano-ken 392-8502, JP;
Matsuzaki, Jun, Suwa-shi, Nagano-ken 392-8502, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60313235
Vertragsstaaten CH, DE, FR, GB, LI
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 19.02.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 032510000
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 03.09.2003
EP date of grant 18.04.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 31.05.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse G04C 17/00(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a timepiece having a date display function.

A common date display mechanism used in wristwatches and other types of timepieces has a ring-shaped display panel called a date wheel. The numbers 1 to 31 are evenly spaced around the circumference of the date wheel, and the date wheel is rotationally driven linked to the gear train for rotationally driving the hour hand for displaying the hour. For example, when the hour hand is turned the equivalent of 24 hours by the gear train, the date wheel turns a distance equal to one day (that is, a 360/31 degree angle of rotation), and a number corresponding to the date is displayed in the date window provided in the dial of the wristwatch.

A problem with this simple date display mechanism is that at the end of the month in months shorter than 31 days in the solar calendar (that is the short months of February, April, June, September, and November), a non-existent date that is not actually on the calendar is still displayed. Japanese Patent Laid-Open Publication (kokai) H5-142362 teaches a mechanical timepiece with a so-called perpetual calendar function achieved using a combination of gears. Between the gear train and date wheel this mechanical timepiece has multiple gears combined to drive the date wheel according to the date in each month of a four-year period including a leap year so that non-existent dates are not displayed. A problem with this mechanical timepiece is that numerous gears are required, resulting in a complicated mechanism and high production costs.

To solve this problem attention has recently been focused on electronic timepieces having a date display mechanism consisting of an integrated circuit (IC) device as a controller, a storage device for storing calendar information denoting the year, month, and date, an actuator controlled by the IC device, and a date wheel rotationally driven by the actuator. The IC device has an evaluation function for determining if the date indicated by the calendar information is a non-existent date. By displaying the date based on the result passed by this evaluation function, non-existent dates are not left displayed in the date window, and the correct calendar date is thus displayed.

A problem with such electronic timepieces is that the user must adjust the calendar information to the actual date if the date displayed in the date window becomes different from the actual date as a result of replacing the battery. More specifically, when the battery of an electronic timepiece powered by a primary battery is replaced at a jeweler or watch dealer, the jeweler, for example, adjusts the calendar information. With an electronic timepiece powered by a secondary battery, the user adjusts the calendar information after charging the battery. It is assumed below that primarily the user adjusts the calendar information.

A problem with this electronic timepiece is that if the date displayed in the date window is offset much from the actual date, the actuator must rotationally drive the date wheel a corresponding distance to adjust the date, and this consumes much power. If much power is consumed to adjust the date in an electronic timepiece powered by a secondary battery in particular, the resulting voltage drop could cause the electronic timepiece itself to stop.

A further problem is that it takes awhile to finish adjusting the date if the actuator must rotationally drive the date wheel very far.

A yet further problem with this electronic timepiece of the prior art is that adjusting the calendar information stored in the IC is difficult and complex for the user. For example, in order to adjust the calendar information in this prior art electronic timepiece, the user must first manipulate the crown or other operation device to set the date displayed in the date window to a specific reference date (such as January 1 of a leap year), then apply a calendar information initialization command to the IC in order to set the stored calendar information to the displayed date (that is, reset it to a reference position). The user then sets the current date as the displayed date.

In a conventional electronic timepiece displaying only the date (day), the year and month are generally displayed by the movement of the hands, such as the hour hand and minute hand.

When the displayed date and the actual date are offset in a conventional electronic timepiece as described above, the user must perform an adjustment sequence such as described above, and this operation is extremely complicated. Furthermore, adjusting the calendar information is particularly difficult if the user forgets this adjustment procedure.

US 3,477,222 discloses a calendar system for a timepiece comprising a drive means for driving an actuator, a date wheel driven by the actuator, and a month wheel driven by the date wheel. The system also includes projections on the wheels and corresponding electrical contacts, arranged so that when the date and month wheels indicate a non-existent date the actuator is operated to correct the date.

The present invention is therefore directed to solving these problems, and in particular, the main object of this invention is to provide an electronic timepiece with a date display function whereby the user can more easily adjust the date and power consumption when the user adjusts the date is reduced.

To achieve this object, according to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided an electronic timepiece with a date display function, as set forth in claim 1, comprising: an actuator driven by a drive unit; a day display means that is driven by the actuator and is arranged to display a calendar day; a month display means arranged to display a calendar month and driven dependently on the day display means; a year display means arranged to display a calendar year and driven dependently on the day display means; a date detecting means arranged to detect the displayed calendar day, month and year; and a control means arranged to determine whether the detected date is a non-existent date on the calendar, and to control the drive unit to drive the actuator to drive the day display means until an existing date is displayed if the displayed date is a non-existent date; characterised by the fact that the electronic timepiece further comprises an operator that is manipulatable by a user and is arranged to drive the day display means mechanically.

The date displayed by the date display means of this electronic timepiece with date display function according to the present invention can be easily adjusted by the user manipulating the operation device. After the user adjusts the date, the date detecting means detects the date displayed by the date display means, and the control means determines if the detected date is a valid date that exists on the calendar. If the detected date is a non-existent date, the control means controls the drive means to display an existing date, thereby achieving a perpetual calendar function.

Correcting the calendar information, including setting the date to a specified reference date, as is required with a prior art electronic timepiece is therefore unnecessary with the present invention, and a perpetual calendar function can be achieved with the user simply adjusting the date displayed by the date display means. In other words, the present invention makes it easier and faster to adjust the date.

The need for an actuator to drive the date display means when the user adjusts the date is also eliminated in the present invention, and power consumption is therefore reduced. It is also not necessary to provide counters for storing calendar information related to the year, month, and day in an IC device. The design of the IC circuitry is thus simplified and the circuit scale of the IC can thereby be reduced. The device can thus be downsized and manufacturing costs can be reduced.

Preferably, the electronic timepiece also has a month counter circuit for counting calendar months according to the detected day and outputting the counter value, and a year counter circuit for counting calendar years according to the counter value from the month counter circuit, and outputting the counter value. The control means determines from the detected day and both the counter value from the month counter circuit and year counter circuit if the day displayed by the day display means is a non-existent date on the calendar. The IC device used in the present invention thus only has counter circuits for counting the month and year, and IC circuit design is therefore simpler than prior art IC devices having counters for counting the day, month, and year.

According to a further aspect of the present invention, as set forth in claim 2, there is provided an electronic timepiece with a date display function, comprising: an actuator driven by a drive unit; a day display means that is driven by the actuator and is arranged to display a calendar day; a year-month display means driven dependently on the day display means and arranged to display a number of years since a previous leap year and a calendar month; a date detecting means arranged to detect the calendar day, the number of years since a previous leap year and the calendar month; and a control means arranged to determine whether the detected date is a non-existent date on the calendar, and to control the drive unit to drive the actuator to drive the day display means until an existing date is displayed if the displayed date is a non-existent date; characterised by the fact that the electronic timepiece further comprises an operator that is manipulatable by a user and is arranged to drive the day display means mechanically.

Furthermore, instead of storing calendar information as in a conventional electronic timepiece, the control means can get the day displayed by the day display means and the month indicated by the month indicating means from the date detecting means. The user therefore does not need to correct the calendar information stored in the IC device as in a conventional electronic timepiece, and can therefore quite easily and quickly adjust the date without using a complicated process.

Furthermore, if the day displayed by the day display means differs from the current actual date, the user can change the day displayed by the day display means by manipulating the operation device. Driving the day display means by means of an actuator is therefore unnecessary, and power consumption can be significantly reduced compared with the prior art.

The year denoted by the year indicating means could be an absolute year value such as the year on the Gregorian calendar, or a relative year value such as the number of years since the last leap year. With this configuration the day hand and time hands (hour, minute, and second hands) are not also used to indicate the month as in a prior art timepiece. Because a month display means and year display means are provided separately to the day display means, the user can read the date easily without performing any special operation, and can also easily adjust the date.

In any of the electronic timepiece with a date display function described above the day display means preferably alternatively has a first digit display wheel and a second digit display wheel. The first digit display wheel is a flat member having positioned on a surface thereof the numerals or symbols denoting the numerals 0 to 9 for displaying the one's digit of a calendar day as driven. This first digit display wheel is driven by the actuator driven by the drive means and is also disposed to enable being driven by operation of the operation device. The second digit display wheel is likewise a flat member having positioned on a surface thereof the numerals or symbols denoting the numerals 0 to 3 for displaying the ten's digit of the calendar day according to first digit display wheel drive.

The electronic timepiece with a date display function of this invention could be a wristwatch, pocket-watch, or other type of portable watch, or a wall clock, mantel clock, or other type of stationary clock.

This electronic timepiece could also be a clock that receives a radio signal indicating a standard time and electronically adjusts the time accordingly.

Embodiments of the present invention will now be described by way of further example only and with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:-

  • Fig. 1 shows the typical appearance of a wristwatch according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a plan view showing part of the date display mechanism;
  • Fig. 3 shows the mechanical configuration of the date display mechanism;
  • Fig. 4 shows the parts of the date display mechanism that are driven the vibration of the piezoelectric actuator;
  • Fig. 5 shows the parts of the date display mechanism that turn in conjunction with rotation of the crown;
  • Fig. 6 is a schematic drawing showing the electrical configuration and mechanical configuration of the wristwatch;
  • Fig. 7 is a schematic drawing of the mechanical configuration of the date detection unit;
  • Fig. 8 is a table showing the correlation between the displayed day and the open/closed states of normally-closed contacts disposed in the day detection unit to detect the day;
  • Fig. 9 is a table showing the correlation between the displayed month and the open/closed states of normally-closed contacts disposed in the month detection unit to detect the month;
  • Fig. 10 is a table showing the correlation between the displayed year and the open/closed states of normally-closed contacts disposed in the year detection unit to detect the year;
  • Fig. 11 is a block diagram showing the mechanical configuration of the control unit;
  • Fig. 12 is a flow chart of a month-end correction process run by the month-end correction unit;
  • Fig. 13 shows the configuration of a year-month wheel according to a second embodiment of the invention;
  • Fig. 14 shows a one digits day wheel and a ten digits date wheel in another variation of the present invention; and
  • Fig. 15 is a flow chart of a month-end correction process according to a seventh embodiment of the invention.

Preferred embodiments of the present invention are described below with reference to the accompanying figures. The present invention is described applied to a wristwatch by way of example. The date in each of the following embodiments is based on the solar calendar.

Fig. 1 shows the typical appearance of a wristwatch according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention. As shown in Fig. 1 this wristwatch 1 has a watch body 1a, and a band 1b attached to the watch body 1a. The watch body 1a has a case 200, and a round dial 202 disposed in the case 200. Three display hands, that is, second hand 61, minute (long) hand 62, and hour (short) hand 63, are disposed above the dial 202. Symbols denoting the time are located at equal intervals around the circumference of the dial 202, and the current time is displayed by the numerals or symbols (these symbols would include letters) pointed to by the display hands.

A substantially rectangular day window 204, month window 206, and year window 208 are opened through the dial 202. A single number from 1 to 31 denoting the calendar day is displayed in day window 204. Letters denoting the calendar month from JAN (January) to DEC (December) are displayed in month window 206. In this embodiment a number from Arabic numeral 0 to Roman numeral III denoting the number of years from the last leap year is displayed in the year window 208. More specifically, if the current calendar year is a leap year, "0" is displayed in year window 208, but if the current year is the year after the leap year, for example, then "I" is displayed in the year window 208. By thus displaying a number indicating the number of years since the last leap year in year window 208, the user can determine the current calendar year.

Fig. 2 is a plan view showing part of the date display mechanism assembled inside the case 200 below the dial 202. As shown in Fig. 2 the date display mechanism has a ring-shaped day wheel 75, a round month wheel 103, and a round year wheel 105.

The numbers "1" to "31" are located at even intervals around the day wheel 75, and letters denoting the twelve calendar months are located at even intervals around the month wheel 103. The Arabic numeral 0 and Roman numerals I to III are located at even intervals around the year wheel 105. The day wheel 75, month wheel 103, and year wheel 105 are mutually linked so as to turn in conjunction with each other.

Fig. 3 shows the mechanical configuration of the date display mechanism. As shown in the figure the date display mechanism has a piezoelectric actuator 71 for rotationally driving day wheel 75. This piezoelectric actuator 71 has a piezoelectric vibrator and is controlled by the drive circuit described below.

Fig. 4 shows the parts of the date display mechanism shown in Fig. 3 that are linked to the vibrations of the piezoelectric actuator 71. As shown in Fig. 4, a circular rotor 72 is rotatably disposed so that it can rotate in contact with one end of the piezoelectric actuator 71. The rotor 72 turns clockwise when the outside edge of the rotor 72 is struck by the vibration of piezoelectric actuator 71, and rotation of the rotor 72 is transferred to the day wheel 75 through a day-driving-intermediate wheel 73, a controlled wheel 101, and a day-driving wheel 74.

More specifically, a circular rotor pinion 72A that turns in conjunction with rotor 72 rotation is disposed coaxially to on the top surface of rotor 72, and this rotor pinion 72A meshes with day-driving-intermediate wheel 73, which is a disc-shaped gear. Feed claw 73A is disposed rising above the top surface of day-driving-intermediate wheel 73. When the day-driving-intermediate wheel 73 turns counterclockwise linked to the clockwise rotation of rotor pinion 72A, feed claw 73A engages teeth disposed to the circumference of controlled wheel 101, and controlled wheel 101 thus turns clockwise.

The controlled wheel 101 meshes with disc-shaped day-driving pinion 74A disposed to the top of day-driving wheel 74. Day-driving wheel 74, which is the bottom of day-driving pinion 74a and is disposed concentrically to day-driving pinion 74a, engages teeth disposed to the inside circumference side of day wheel 75. When controlled wheel 101 turns clockwise in this configuration, day-driving pinion 74a and day-driving wheel 74 turn counterclockwise, and day wheel 75 turns counterclockwise.

A circular controlled wheel pinion 101A is disposed on the top of controlled wheel 101 so that it turns coaxially to the controlled wheel 101. A disc-shaped month intermediate wheel 102 (gear) is also disposed adjacent to the controlled wheel pinion 101A on top of controlled wheel 101. A month-driving tooth 101At is formed on the outside of controlled wheel pinion 101A. When controlled wheel pinion 101A turns clockwise in conjunction with rotation of controlled wheel 101, month-driving tooth 101At engages teeth on month intermediate wheel 102, and month intermediate wheel 102 turns counterclockwise.

The month intermediate wheel 102 meshes with disc-shaped month wheel pinion 103A, which is a gear. The disc-shaped month wheel 103 is rotatably disposed coaxially to on the bottom of month wheel pinion 103A. With this configuration when month intermediate wheel 102 turns counterclockwise linked to rotation of controlled wheel pinion 101A, month wheel pinion 103A and month wheel 103 turn clockwise.

It should be noted that the number of teeth on controlled wheel 101, month intermediate wheel 102, and month wheel pinion 103A is set so that each time controlled wheel 101 turns day wheel 75 360 degrees (that is, each time day wheel 75 turns the distance of 31 days), month wheel 103 turns 360/12 degrees (that is, the month advances one month).

As also shown in the figure a disc-shaped month wheel 103B is disposed between month wheel 103 and month wheel pinion 103A so that it turns coaxially to month wheel 103, and a disc-shaped year intermediate wheel 104 (a gear) is disposed adjacent to month wheel 103B. A year-driving tooth 103Bt is formed on the outside surface of month wheel 103B. When month wheel 103B turns clockwise in conjunction with rotation of month wheel 103, year-driving tooth 103Bt engages the teeth on year intermediate wheel 104 and year intermediate wheel 104 thus turns counterclockwise.

The year intermediate wheel 104 meshes with the disc-shaped year wheel 105A (a gear). The disc-shaped year wheel 105 is rotatably disposed to on the bottom of year wheel 105A coaxially to the year wheel 105A.

When the year intermediate wheel 104 turns counterclockwise linked to rotation of month wheel 103 in this configuration, year wheel 105 turns clockwise together with year wheel 105A.

It should be noted that the number of teeth on month wheel 103B, year intermediate wheel 104, and year wheel 105A is set so that each time month wheel 103 turns 360 degrees (that is, the month advances twelve months), the year wheel 105 turns 360/4 degrees (that is, the year advances one year).

As also shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, a crown 80 is rotatably disposed at the side of case 200 of wristwatch 1. This crown 80 is an operation device manipulated by the user. When the user turns crown 80, the rotation is transferred from the stem to rotationally drive day wheel 75, month wheel 103, and year wheel 105. Fig. 5 shows the parts of the date display mechanism shown in Fig. 3 that turn linked to rotation of crown 80.

As shown in Fig. 5 a rod-like stem 85 projects to the left side of the crown 80 as seen in the figure, and a clutch wheel 110 is disposed at the left distal end of the stem 85. A disc-shaped first date-adjusting transfer wheel 110A (a gear) is disposed to the right end side of the clutch wheel 110. This first date-adjusting transfer wheel 110A is coaxial to the long axis of stem 85 and turns in conjunction with stem 85. A second date-adjusting transfer wheel 111 (a gear) is disposed above stem 85 rotatable in the same plane as the drawing at a position separated to the right side in the drawing from first date-adjusting transfer wheel 110A.

The crown 80 can be pulled out in multiple steps to the right side in the figure. When the crown 80 is pulled out by the user to a first step, first date-adjusting transfer wheel 110A meshes with second date-adjusting transfer wheel 111. This second date-adjusting transfer wheel 111 is disposed to mesh with intermediate adjustment wheel 112 (a gear); intermediate adjustment wheel 112 meshes with date-adjusting wheel 113 (a gear); and date-adjusting wheel 113 meshes with controlled wheel 101.

With this configuration, rotation of crown 80 is transferred by intervening first date-adjusting transfer wheel 110A and second date-adjusting transfer wheel 111 to date-adjusting wheel 113, and controlled wheel 101 is thereby rotationally driven. Turning controlled wheel 101 by turning crown 80 causes month wheel 103 and year wheel 105 to also turn. By turning the crown 80 forward and back, the user can thus turn the day, month, and year displayed in the day window 204, month window 206, and year window 208, respectively, forward and back. If the crown 80 of this wristwatch 1 is pulled to a second step and turned, the hour hand 63 and minute hand 62 turn as the crown 80 is turned.

Fig. 6 is a schematic drawing showing the electrical configuration and mechanical configuration of wristwatch 1. As shown in Fig. 6 the wristwatch 1 has eight major components, control unit A, power generating unit B, power supply C, hands driving unit D, movement E, calendar mechanism drive unit F, date display mechanism G, and displayed date detection unit H. Control unit A controls each part of the wristwatch 1.

Power generating unit B generates AC power and has a rotary pendulum 45. The rotary pendulum 45 is disposed so that it swings in conjunction with movement of the user's wrist, for example, and the swinging (kinetic energy) of the rotary pendulum 45 is transferred through acceleration wheel 46 to power generator 40. This power generator 40 has a power generation stator 42, a power generation rotor 43 disposed rotatably inside the power generation stator 42, and a power generation coil 44 electrically connected to the power generation stator 42. When power generation rotor 43 is turned by the swinging (kinetic energy) of rotary pendulum 45, AC voltage is induced by the rotation in power generation coil 44. In other words, electrical power is generated by the swinging of rotary pendulum 45 as the user moves when wearing the wristwatch 1.

Power supply C rectifies and stores the AC voltage from power generating unit B, boosts the stored power, and supplies it to the other parts of the wristwatch 1. More specifically, power supply C has a diode 47 that operates as a rectifier circuit, a high capacity condenser 48, and a voltage adjusting circuit 49. The voltage adjusting circuit 49 steps the voltage up or down in multiple stages using three capacitors 49a, 49b, and 49c to adjust the voltage supplied to the hands driving unit D according to a control signal from the control unit A. The output voltage of the voltage adjusting circuit 49 is also supplied by a monitor signal to the control unit A, enabling the control unit A to monitor the output voltage. The power generating unit B takes Vdd (high voltage side) as the reference potential (GND), and produces Vss (low voltage side) as the supply voltage.

The hands driving unit D is controlled by control unit A and supplies different drive pulses to the movement E. More specifically, hands driving unit D has a bridge circuit composed of series connected p-channel MOS 33a and n-channel MOS 32a, and p-channel MOS 33b and n-channel MOS 32b; rotation detection resistors 35a and 35b parallel connected to p-channel MOS 33a and p-channel MOS 33b; and p-channel MOS 34a and 34b for sampling for providing a chopper pulse to resistors 35a and 35b. It is therefore possible to supply drive pulses such as drive pulses of different polarity to the movement E by applying control pulses of different polarity and pulse width from control unit A to the gates of MOS 32a, 32b, 33a, 33b, 34a, and 34b at specific timing.

The movement E has a stepping motor 10. The stepping motor 10 rotationally drives second hand 61, and as second hand 61 turns minute hand 62 and hour hand 63 are rotationally driven. More specifically, stepping motor 10 has a drive coil 11 that produces magnetic force from the drive pulse supplied from hands driving unit D, a stator 12 that is excited by the drive coil 11, and a rotor 13 that turns due to the magnetic field excited inside stator 12. The rotor 13 (PM type) of this stepping motor 10 is a rotating permanent magnet consisting of a 2-pole, disc-shaped permanent magnet. The stator 12 has a magnetic saturation part 17 so that different magnetic poles are produced at each phase (pole) 15 and 16 of the rotor 13 by the magnetic force produced by drive coil 11. An internal notch 18 is formed at an appropriate position at the inside circumference of stator 12 to restrict the direction of rotor 13 rotation, producing cogging torque so that rotor 13 stops at an appropriate position.

Rotation of rotor 13 of stepping motor 10 is transferred to the hands through an intervening gear train 50 including fifth wheel 51 meshed with the rotor 13 pinion, fourth wheel 52, third wheel 53, second wheel 54, day wheel 55, center wheel 56, and 24-hour wheel 57. The second hand 61 is connected to the shaft of fourth wheel 52, minute hand 62 is connected to second wheel 54, and hour hand 63 is connected to center wheel 56. The time is displayed by the hands linked to rotation of rotor 13. In addition, 24-hour wheel 57 meshes with center wheel 56 and turns one revolution in 24 hours. When cam 57A disposed to 24-hour wheel 57 points the hour hand 63 to 0:00 (12:00 a.m.), switch shaft 81 and switch pin 82 forming a normally-closed contact Sw separate and open to the off position. The control unit A can thus detect that the current time is 12:00 a.m.

The calendar mechanism drive unit F is also controlled by control unit A and drives date display mechanism G. More specifically, when control unit A detects that the current time is 12:00 a.m., it outputs an advance-day signal to the calendar mechanism drive unit F to rotationally drive day wheel 75 a one-day increment. When the calendar mechanism drive unit F receives the day-advance signal from control unit A, it applies AC voltage to the piezoelectric element of piezoelectric actuator 71, causing the piezoelectric actuator 71 to vibrate. As described above, vibration of the piezoelectric actuator 71 rotationally drives the day wheel 75 of date display mechanism G the distance equivalent to one day.

The date display detection unit H has a day detector H1 for detecting the day displayed in day window 204, a month detector H2 for detecting the month displayed in month window 206, and a year detector H3 for detecting the year displayed in year window 208. The day detector H1, month detector H2, and year detector H3 each have a configuration comparable to the normally-closed contact of the 24-hour wheel 57. That is, as shown in Fig. 7, day detector H1 has two control cams H1a1, H1a2 disposed to the bottom of controlled wheel 101, two control switch shafts H1b1, H1b2, and two control switch pins H1c1, H1c2. Control switch shaft H1b1 and control switch pin H1c1 form normally-closed contact Sd1. If either "29" or "30" on the top of day wheel 75 is displayed in day window 204, control cam H1a1 opens normally-closed contact Sd1.

Control switch shaft H1b2 and control switch pin H1c2 form normally-closed contact Sd2. If either "29" or "31" on the top of day wheel 75 is displayed in day window 204, control cam H1a2 opens normally-closed contact Sd2.

The control unit A can therefore detect whether 29, 30, 31, or a number from 1 to 28 is displayed in the day window 204 from the combination of the open and closed states of normally-closed contacts Sd1 and Sd2 in Fig. 8.

As also shown in Fig. 7, month detector H2 has two month wheel cams H2a1, H2a2 on the bottom of month wheel 103, two month wheel switch shafts H2b1, H2b2, and two month wheel switch pins H2c1, H2c2. Month wheel switch shaft H2b1 and month wheel switch pin H2c1 form normally-closed contact Sm1. If the letters corresponding to February on the surface of month wheel 103 are displayed in the month window 206, month wheel cam H2a1 opens normally-closed contact Sm1. Month wheel switch shaft H2b2 and month wheel switch pin H2c2 form normally-closed contact Sm2. If the letters for any of the short months other than February, that is, April, June, September, and November, on the surface of month wheel 103 are displayed in month window 206, month wheel cam H2a2 opens normally-closed contact Sm2.

The control unit A can, therefore, detect whether February, a long month, or a short month other than February is displayed in the month window 206 from the combination of the open and closed states of normally-closed contacts Sd1 and Sd2 in Fig. 9.

The year detector H3 has a year wheel cam H3a disposed to the bottom of year wheel 105, a year wheel switch shaft H3b, and a year wheel switch pin H3c. The year wheel switch shaft H3b and year wheel switch pin H3c form a normally-closed contact Sy. As shown in Fig. 10, if the Arabic numeral 0 on the surface of year wheel 105 is displayed in year window 208, that is, if it is a leap year, normally-closed contact Sy is opened by year wheel cam H3a. The control unit A can thus detect if a 0 denoting a leap year is displayed in the year window 208.

Fig. 11 is a function block diagram of control unit A. As shown in the figure control unit A has an input controller A1 and a month-end correction unit A2. The input controller A1 is electrically connected to the switch shaft 81 and switch pin 82 of movement E, and outputs a 0:00 detection signal to month-end correction unit A2 when the normally-closed contact Sw formed by switch shaft 81 and switch pin 82 is open (off).

When month-end correction unit A2 receives the 0:00 detection signal, it outputs an advance-day signal to calendar mechanism drive unit F (see Fig. 6). The month-end correction unit A2 is also electrically connected to the normally-closed contacts Sd1, Sd2 of day detector H1, normally-closed contacts Sm1, Sm2 of month detector H2, and normally-closed contact Sy of year detector H3, and can determine from the combination of open and closed states of the normally-closed contacts whether the day displayed in day window 204 is a non-existent date.

If month-end correction unit A2 determines that the day shown in day window 204 is a non-existent date, it outputs an advance-day signal to calendar mechanism drive unit F to drive the piezoelectric actuator 71 so that a valid date is displayed in day window 204.

Thus comprised, if the month-end correction unit A2 of control unit A detects from the open/closed states of the normally-closed contacts Sd1, Sd2 in displayed date detection unit H that the day shown in the day window 204 is the 29th or 30th as a result of calendar mechanism drive unit F rotationally driving day wheel 75, it can determine whether or not the day displayed in day window 204 is a non-existent date. If the month-end correction unit A2 thus detects that a non-existent date is displayed, it runs a month-end correction process to output an advance-day signal to calendar mechanism drive unit F so that the actual date is shown in the day window 204.

Fig. 12 is a flow chart of an exemplary month-end correction process run by the month-end correction unit A2. As shown in Fig. 12, if the displayed date is February 29, month-end correction unit A2 first determines if the date is valid or not by determining if the current year is a leap year. More specifically, month-end correction unit A2 determines if the day displayed in day window 204 is "29" by detecting if both normally-closed contacts Sd1, Sd2 are open (step Sa1). If step Sa1 returns yes, month-end correction unit A2 determines whether the displayed month is February (i.e., "FEB" is displayed in month window 206) by detecting if normally-closed contact Sm1 is open and normally-closed contact Sm2 is closed (step Sa2). If FEB is displayed (step Sa2 returns yes), month-end correction unit A2 determines if the current year is a leap year by determining if normally-closed contact Sy is open. If step Sa3 returns yes, then February 29 is a valid date and month-end correction unit A2 ends the month-end correction process.

If step Sa3 returns no, however, February 29 is an invalid (non-existent) date and the actual date is March 1.

In order to display "MAR 1" month-end correction unit A2 outputs an advance-day signal to the calendar mechanism drive unit F to advance day wheel 75 three days (step Sa4), and the month-end correction process ends.

If step Sa2 returns no, the displayed date is the 29th of some month other than February and is therefore valid, and the month-end correction unit A2 thus ends the month-end correction process.

If the displayed date is "30", month-end correction unit A2 determines if the displayed date is "February 30."

More specifically, if step Sa1 returns no, month-end correction unit A2 detects if normally-closed contact Sd1 is open and normally-closed contact Sd2 is closed to determine if "30" is shown as the day in day window 204 (step Sa5). If step Sa5 returns yes, month-end correction unit A2 determines if FEB is shown as the month in month window 206 in the same way as in step Sa2 (step Sa6). If the result is yes, the displayed date is February 30 and is thus invalid (a non-existent date).

Therefore, in order to display "MAR 1" month-end correction unit A2 outputs an advance-day signal to the calendar mechanism drive unit F to advance day wheel 75 two days (step Sa7), and the month-end correction process ends.

However, if step Sa6 returns no, the displayed date is the 30th of some month other than February and is, therefore, valid, and the month-end correction unit A2 thus ends the month-end correction process.

If step Sa5 returns no, the month-end correction unit A2 performs the following steps so that the 31st of a short month (e.g., April 31) is not displayed.

The month-end correction unit A2 determines if "31 " is shown as the day in day window 204 by detecting if normally-closed contact Sd1 is closed and normally-closed contact Sd2 is open (step Sa8). If the result is yes, month-end correction unit A2 detects if a short month other than February (that is, April, June, September, or November) is displayed in month window 206 by detecting if normally-closed contact Sm1 is closed and normally-closed contact Sm2 is open (step Sa9). If the result is yes, the 31st of a short month is displayed, the date is invalid (non-existent), and the actual date is the first of the next month. Month-end correction unit A2, therefore, outputs an advance-day signal to the calendar mechanism drive unit F to advance day wheel 75 one day (step Sa10), and the month-end correction process ends.

If step Sa8 returns no, the day displayed in the day window 204 is from "1" to "28" and is therefore valid (exists) in every month, and the month-end correction unit A2 therefore ends the month-end correction process.

If step Sa9 returns no, the displayed date is the 31st of a long month (January, March, May, July, August, October, or December), is therefore valid (exists), and month-end correction unit A2 thus ends the month-end correction process.

The month-end correction unit A2 of a wristwatch 1 according to this embodiment of the invention thus determines if the displayed date exists from the calendar information displayed in day window 204, month window 206, and year window 208. If the month-end correction unit A2 determines that the displayed date does not exist (is invalid), it controls the calendar mechanism drive unit F to display a valid date.

Therefore, if for some reason the date displayed on the wristwatch 1 does not match the actual date and the user turns the crown 80 to reset the displayed date to the current date, the date will thereafter be automatically displayed correctly according to the calendar without an invalid date being left displayed. In other words, a perpetual calendar mechanism is achieved.

When the user corrects the calendar information stored in the IC device of a conventional electronic timepiece, a piezoelectric actuator rotationally drives the date wheel to display a date corresponding to the corrected calendar information. If the date is greatly adjusted, the date wheel must be driven to turn far, and much power is consumed by the piezoelectric actuator 71. If the piezoelectric actuator 71 rotationally drives the day wheel 75 in conjunction with adjusting the date, a voltage drop that causes the electronic timepiece to stop could occur.

With a wristwatch 1 according to the present invention, however, the user can adjust the date displayed in the respective windows to the current actual date by simply turning the crown 80. It is therefore unnecessary to drive the piezoelectric actuator 71 in order to adjust the date, and power consumption by the piezoelectric actuator 71 can be significantly reduced.

A further problem with an electronic timepiece according to the prior art is that if the date displayed in the date window is offset much from the actual date, the piezoelectric actuator must rotationally drive the date wheel a corresponding distance to adjust the date, and it takes awhile until the actual date is displayed.

A wristwatch 1 according to the present invention, however, does not need to drive the piezoelectric actuator 71 to adjust the date, and these problems thus do not occur.

Conventional portable electronic timepieces generally display only the day and do not display the month or year. This is because in order to maintain the portability of the electronic timepiece a high capacity (that is, physically large) battery cannot be used. More specifically, if the year and month are also displayed even more power is consumed by the piezoelectric actuator to adjust the month and year when setting the date. A high capacity battery must, therefore, be used but such a high capacity battery cannot be installed because of the size restrictions of the electronic timepiece (wristwatch).

As described above, however, wristwatch 1 according to the present invention does not need to drive the piezoelectric actuator 71 in order to set the date. Power is, therefore, not consumed by a piezoelectric actuator in order to set the date even if the day, month, and year are all displayed, and a high capacity battery is therefore not needed.

Furthermore, in order to adjust the calendar information in an electronic timepiece according to the prior art the user first manipulates the crown or other operation device to set the date displayed in the date window to a specific reference date (such as January 1 of a leap year), then applies a calendar information initialization command to the IC in order to set the stored calendar information to the displayed date (that is, reset it to a reference position). The user then sets the current date as the displayed date.

A sequence of steps is thus required, and this operation is complicated for the user.

With a wristwatch 1 according to the present invention, however, the user simply turns the crown 80 to set the date displayed in each of the windows to the current date. It is not necessary to first reset the date to some reference position, and adjusting the date is therefore easier and faster.

A counter for storing calendar information relating to the year, month, and day in an IC device is also not needed with a timepiece according to the present invention. The IC design is, therefore, simplified and the circuit scale of the IC device can be further reduced. The device can therefore be made smaller and manufacturing costs can be reduced.

Furthermore, the present invention provides a month window 206 and year window 208 in addition to day window 204 to display the date rather than also displaying the month with a day hand and time hands (hour, minute, and second hands) as in a prior art timepiece. The user can, therefore, read the date easily without performing any special operation, and can also easily adjust the date.

A perpetual calendar function is generally considered achieved if the last day of each month is correctly adjusted even though the last day of February is not correctly displayed in leap years (that is, the date is not correctly displayed as February 29).

The present invention can, therefore, also be achieved if the parts relating to displaying the year, that is, year wheel 105 and parts for driving the year wheel 105, are omitted. In this case the month-end correction unit A2 does not need to detect leap years.

* Alternative embodiments

It will be obvious to one skilled in the art that the preferred embodiment described above can be varied in many ways without departing from the scope of this invention. Some of these variations are described below.

* Variation 1

The invention is described in the preceding embodiment as a wristwatch, but the invention shall not be so limited and could be a pocketwatch or other type of portable timepiece.

The invention shall also not be limited to portable timepieces, and could be applied to a wall clock, mantel clock, or other type of stationary timepiece.

Whether portable or stationary, the present invention can also be applied to timepieces that electronically adjust the time by receiving a radio signal indicating a standard time (such as JJY signal transmissions).

* Variation 2

A wristwatch 1 that displays the calendar month and year in separate windows is described above. The invention shall not be so limited, however, and the year wheel 105 and month wheel 103 could be combined into a single disc-shaped year-month wheel so that the month and year are displayed in the same window.

More specifically, as shown in Fig. 13, the year wheel 105 and month wheel 103 can be replaced with a year-month wheel 1053 having the twelve months for a four year period disposed at equal intervals around the circumference. This configuration simplifies the configuration of the timepiece and enables reducing the size of the watch.

The day wheel 75 is also described above having the numbers "1" to "31". As shown in Fig. 14, the day could alternatively be displayed using a first digit day wheel 75A for displaying the numbers 0 to 9 in the first digit of the day, and a second digit day wheel 75B for displaying the numbers 1 to 3 corresponding to the second digit of the day.

Furthermore, the above embodiment displays the year by indicating the number of years passed since the previous leap year, but the absolute year value of the Gregorian calendar, for example, could obviously be alternatively displayed.

* Variation 3

Normally-closed contacts are used in the above embodiment to detect the date values displayed in day window 204, month window 206, and year window 208, but the invention shall not be so limited. For example, the value displayed by the day wheel 75, month wheel 103, and year wheel 105 could be detected using non-contact sensors such as optical sensors or magnetic sensors.

* Variation 4

A piezoelectric actuator 71 is used as the actuator for rotationally driving the day wheel 75 in the above embodiment, but an ultrasonic motor, electromagnetic motor, or other type of actuator could be used. Furthermore, a configuration using only one piezoelectric actuator 71 to rotationally drive day wheel 75 is described in the above embodiment, but the invention shall not be so limited. A separate piezoelectric actuator could be provided for month wheel 103 and year wheel 105, for example, so that the day wheel 75, month wheel 103, and year wheel 105 are independently driven. In this case the day wheel 75 or month wheel 103 is preferably rotationally driven according to the direction of crown 80 rotation. For example, if the crown 80 turns one way the day wheel 75 turns, and if the crown 80 turns the other way the month wheel 103 turns.

* Variation 5

A rotary pendulum 45 is provided in power generating unit B in the preceding embodiment to generate power from the swinging (kinetic energy) of the rotary pendulum 45. The power generating unit B could be alternatively designed, however, to generate power using natural energy such as by solar power generation or thermoelectric generation.

The above embodiment is also designed to supply power from an internal power generator to the other parts of wristwatch 1, but could be configured with a primary battery instead of a power generator.

* Variation 6

The above embodiment also described by way of example a configuration in which the date is displayed by showing letters, numbers, or symbols on a flat day wheel 75, month wheel 103, and year wheel 105 through respective windows. Alternatively, the invention could be configured to display the date with hands instead of such disc-shaped members. In this case letters or symbols representing the date are also provided on the dial 202 in addition to symbols for indicating the time.

Furthermore, the date is displayed with the day, month, and year in the above embodiment, but it is also possible to display only the day and not display the month and year.

* Variation 7

In the first embodiment month-end correction unit A2 runs a month-end correction process for detecting whether "29", "30" or "31" is shown in the day window 204 as a result of calendar mechanism drive unit F rotationally driving day wheel 75 according to an advance-day signal.

An alternative month-end correction process could be used as shown in Fig. 15, however. In this process month-end correction unit A2 detects whether "28" to "30" is displayed in the day window 204 to detect the date of the next day, and then controls calendar mechanism drive unit F to rotationally drive day wheel 75 to display tomorrow's date.

More specifically, when month-end correction unit A2 detects the 0:00 detection signal, it detects the open/closed state of normally-closed contacts Sd1, Sd2 in day detector H1 to determine the day displayed in day window 204. Depending on the detected day it knows the date of the next day, and then outputs an advance-day signal to calendar mechanism drive unit F to display the next date.

* Variation 8

A configuration for detecting the date values displayed in day window 204, month window 206, and year window 208 is described by way of example in the above embodiment. Alternatively, the control unit A could have counters for separately counting the month and year. In this case displayed date detection unit H detects only the date shown in day window 204. This design simplifies the configuration of the day detector H1.

The present invention thus provides an electronic timepiece with a date display function that enables the user to adjust the date easily while reducing power consumption in conjunction with date adjustments by the user.

Although the present invention has been described in connection with the preferred embodiments thereof with reference to the accompanying drawings, it is to be noted that various changes and modifications will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Such changes and modifications are to be understood as included within the scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims, unless they depart therefrom.


Anspruch[de]
Elektronisches Uhrwerk (1) mit einer Datumsanzeigefunktion, umfassend: ein Stellglied (71), das von einer Antriebseinheit (F) angetrieben wird; ein Tagesanzeigemittel (75), das von dem Stellglied (71) angetrieben wird und dazu ausgebildet ist, einen Kalendertag anzuzeigen; ein Monatsanzeigemittel (103), das zur Anzeige eines Kalendermonats ausgebildet ist und abhängig von dem Tagesanzeigemittel (75) angetrieben wird; ein Jahresanzeigemittel (105), das zur Anzeige eines Kalenderjahres ausgebildet ist und abhängig von dem Tagesanzeigemittel (75) angetrieben wird; ein Datumserfassungsmittel (H), das zum Erfassen des angezeigten Kalendertages, -monats und -jahres ausgebildet ist; und ein Steuermittel (A), das zur Bestimmung ausgebildet ist, ob das erfasste Datum ein nicht existierendes Datum im Kalender ist, sowie zur Steuerung der Antriebseinheit (F) zum Antreiben des Stellgliedes (71) zum Antreiben des Tagesanzeigemittels (75) bis ein existierendes Datum angezeigt wird, wenn das angezeigte Datum ein nicht existierendes Datum ist; gekennzeichnet durch die Tatsache, dass das elektronische Uhrwerk des Weiteren umfasst: ein Bedienungselement (80), das von einem Benutzer manipulierbar und dazu ausgebildet ist, das Tagesanzeigemittel (75) mechanisch anzutreiben. Elektronisches Uhrwerk (1) mit einer Datumsanzeigefunktion, umfassend: ein Stellglied (71), das von einer Antriebseinheit (F) angetrieben wird; ein Tagesanzeigemittel (75), das von dem Stellglied (71) angetrieben wird und dazu ausgebildet ist, einen Kalendertag anzuzeigen; ein Jahres-Monatsanzeigemittel, das abhängig von dem Tagesanzeigemittel (75) angetrieben wird und zur Anzeige einer Anzahl von Jahren seit einem vorangehenden Schaltjahr und eines Kalendermonats ausgebildet ist; ein Datumserfassungsmittel (H), das zum Erfassen des Kalendertages, Anzahl von Jahren seit einem vorangehenden Schaltjahr und des Kalendermonats ausgebildet ist; und ein Steuermittel (A), das zur Bestimmung ausgebildet ist, ob das erfasste Datum ein nicht existierendes Datum im Kalender ist, sowie zur Steuerung der Antriebseinheit (F) zum Antreiben des Stellgliedes (71) zum Antreiben des Tagesanzeigemittels (75) bis ein existierendes Datum angezeigt wird, wenn das angezeigte Datum ein nicht existierendes Datum ist; gekennzeichnet durch die Tatsache, dass das elektronische Uhrwerk des Weiteren umfasst: ein Bedienungselement (80), das von einem Benutzer manipulierbar und dazu ausgebildet ist, das Tagesanzeigemittel (75) mechanisch anzutreiben. Elektronisches Uhrwerk (1) mit einer Datumsanzeigefunktion nach Anspruch 1, des Weiteren umfassend: eine Monatszählschaltung, die zum Zählen von Kalendermonaten entsprechend dem erfassten Kalendertag und zur Ausgabe des Zählwertes ausgebildet ist; und eine Jahreszählschaltung, die zum Zählen von Kalenderjahren entsprechend dem Zählwert von der Monatszählschaltung und zur Ausgabe eines Zählwertes ausgebildet ist; wobei das Steuermittel (A) dazu ausgebildet ist, aus dem erfassten Kalendertag und sowohl dem Zählwert von der Monatszählschaltung als auch dem Zählwert der Jahreszählschaltung zu erfassen, ob der Kalendertag, der von dem Tagesanzeigemittel (75) angezeigt wird, ein nicht existierendes Datum im Kalender ist. Elektronisches Uhrwerk (1) mit einer Datumsanzeigefunktion nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei das Tagesanzeigemittel (75) umfasst: ein Rad für die Anzeige der ersten Stelle (75A), das ein flaches Element ist, auf dessen Oberfläche Zahlen oder Symbole angeordnet sind, die die Zahlen 0 bis 9 darstellen, und so ausgebildet ist, dass es von dem Stellglied (71) angetrieben wird, das von der Antriebseinheit (F) oder durch die Betätigung des Bedienungselements (80) angetrieben wird, und dazu ausgebildet ist, die Einheit der ersten Stelle eines Kalendertages entsprechend dem Antrieb anzuzeigen; und ein Rad für die Anzeige der zweiten Stelle (75B), das ein flaches Element ist, auf dessen Oberfläche Zahlen oder Symbole angeordnet sind, die die Zahlen 0 bis 3 darstellen, und so ausgebildet ist, die Einheit der Zehnerstelle des Kalendertages entsprechend dem Antrieb des Rades für die Anzeige der ersten Stelle anzuzeigen.
Anspruch[en]
An electronic timepiece (1) with a date display function, comprising: an actuator (71) driven by a drive unit (F); a day display means (75) that is driven by the actuator (71) and is arranged to display a calendar day; a month display means (103) arranged to display a calendar month and driven dependently on the day display means (75); a year display means (105) arranged to display a calendar year and driven dependently on the day display means (75); a date detecting means (H) arranged to detect the displayed calendar day, month and year; and a control means (A) arranged to determine whether the detected date is a non-existent date on the calendar, and to control the drive unit (F) to drive the actuator (71) to drive the day display means (75) until an existing date is displayed if the displayed date is a non-existent date; characterised by the fact that the electronic timepiece further comprises an operator (80) that is manipulatable by a user and is arranged to drive the day display means (75) mechanically. An electronic timepiece (1) with a date display function, comprising: an actuator (71) driven by a drive unit (F); a day display means (75) that is driven by the actuator (71) and is arranged to display a calendar day; a year-month display means driven dependently on the day display means (75) and arranged to display a number of years since a previous leap year and a calendar month; a date detecting means (H) arranged to detect the calendar day, the number of years since a previous leap year and the calendar month; and a control means (A) arranged to determine whether the detected date is a non-existent date on the calendar, and to control the drive unit (F) to drive the actuator (71) to drive the day display means (75) until an existing date is displayed if the displayed date is a non-existent date; characterised by the fact that the electronic timepiece further comprises an operator (80) that is manipulatable by a user and is arranged to drive the day display means (75) mechanically. An electronic timepiece (1) with a date display function as defined in claim 1, further comprising: a month counter circuit arranged to count calendar months according to the detected calendar day and to output the counter value; and a year counter circuit arranged to count calendar years according to the counter value from the month counter circuit, and to output a counter value; wherein the control means (A) is arranged to determine from the detected calendar day and both the counters value from the month counter circuit and the counter value from the year counter circuit whether the calendar day displayed by the day display means (75) is a non-existent date on the calendar. An electronic timepiece (1) with a date display function as defined in any of claims I to 3, wherein the day display means (75) comprises: a first digit display wheel (75A) that is a flat member having positioned on a surface thereof numerals or symbols denoting numerals 0 to 9, arranged to be driven either by the actuator (71) driven by the drive unit (F) or by operation of the operator (80), and arranged to display the unit of the first digit of a calendar day as driven; and a second digit display wheel (75B) that is a flat member having positioned on a surface thereof numerals or symbols denoting numerals 0 to 3, arranged to display the unit of the ten digits of the calendar day according to the first digit display wheel drive.
Anspruch[fr]
Pièce d'horlogerie électronique (1) avec fonction d'affichage de la date, comprenant : un actionneur (71) entraîné par une unité motrice (F) ; un moyen d'affichage du jour (75) qui est entraîné par l'actionneur (71) et est conçu pour afficher un jour calendaire ; un moyen d'affichage du mois (103) conçu pour afficher un mois calendaire et entraîné de manière dépendante sur le moyen d'affichage du jour (75) ; un moyen d'affichage de l'année (105) conçu pour afficher une année calendaire et entraîné de manière dépendante sur le moyen d'affichage du jour (75); un moyen de détection de date (H) conçu pour détecter le jour, le mois et l'année calendaires affichés ; un moyen de contrôle (A) conçu pour déterminer si la date détectée est une date non existante sur le calendrier et pour contrôler l'unité motrice (F) pour entraîner l'actionneur (71) afin qu'il entraîne le moyen d'affichage du jour (75) jusqu'à ce qu'une date existante s'affiche si la date affichée est une date non existante ; caractérisée par le fait que la pièce d'horlogerie électronique comprend en outre : un élément opératoire (80) pouvant être manipulé par un utilisateur et conçu pour entraîner le moyen d'affichage du jour (75) mécaniquement. Pièce d'horlogerie électronique (1) avec fonction d'affichage de la date, comprenant : un actionneur (71) entraîné par une unité motrice (F) ; un moyen d'affichage du jour (75) qui est entraîné par l'actionneur (71) et est conçu pour afficher un jour calendaire ; un moyen d'affichage de l'année-du mois entraîné de manière dépendante sur le moyen d'affichage du jour (75) et conçu pour afficher un certain nombre d'années depuis une année bissextile précédente et un mois calendaire; un moyen de détection de date (H) conçu pour détecter le jour calendaire, le nombre d'années depuis une année bissextile précédente et le mois calendaire; et un moyen de contrôle (A) conçu pour déterminer si la date détectée est une date non existante sur le calendrier et pour contrôler l'unité motrice (F) pour entraîner l'actionneur (71) afin qu'il entraîne le moyen d'affichage du jour (75) jusqu'à ce qu'une date existante s'affiche si la date affichée est une date non existante ; caractérisée par le fait que la pièce d'horlogerie électronique comprend en outre : un élément opératoire (80) pouvant être manipulé par un utilisateur et conçu pour entraîner le moyen d'affichage du jour (75) mécaniquement. Pièce d'horlogerie électronique (1) avec fonction d'affichage de la date selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre : un circuit compteur de mois conçu pour compter les mois calendaires en fonction du jour calendaire détecté et pour émettre la valeur de compteur ; et un circuit compteur d'années conçu pour compter les années calendaires en fonction de la valeur de compteur du circuit compteur de mois et pour émettre une valeur de compteur ; dans laquelle le moyen de contrôle (A) est conçu pour déterminer à partir du jour calendaire détecté et à la fois de la valeur de compteur du circuit compteur de mois et de la valeur de compteur du circuit compteur d'années si le jour calendaire affiché par le moyen d'affichage du jour (75) est une date non existante sur le calendrier. Pièce d'horlogerie électronique (1) avec fonction d'affichage de la date selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle le moyen d'affichage de jour (75) comprend : une première roue d'affichage numérique (75A) qui est un. élément plat sur la surface de laquelle sont positionnés des nombres ou symboles indiquant des nombres de 0 à 9, conçue pour être entraînée soit par l'actionneur (71) entraîné par l'unité motrice (F), soit par actionnement de l'élément opératoire (80) et conçue pour afficher l'unité du premier chiffre d'un jour calendaire lorsqu'elle est entraînée ; et une deuxième roue d'affichage numérique (75B) qui est un élément plat sur la surface de laquelle sont positionnés des nombres ou symboles indiquant des nombres de 0 à 3, conçue pour afficher l'unité des dix chiffres du jour calendaire en fonction de l'entraînement de la première roue d'affichage numérique.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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