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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1783256 21.06.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001783256
Titel Ringelapparat für eine Rundstrickmaschine
Anmelder Pai Lung Machinery Mill Co., Ltd., Jui-Fang Town, Taipei, TW
Erfinder Wei, Chih-Liang, Jui-Fang Town, Taipei Hsien, TW
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 04.11.2005
EP-Aktenzeichen 051103786
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 09.05.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 21.06.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse D04B 15/61(2006.01)A, F, I, 20070410, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a striping apparatus of a knitting machine, particularly to a striping apparatus of a circular knitting machine.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

There are striping apparatus technologies of circular knitting machines well known to people, such as US Patent No.6655176 "Striping Apparatus For Circular Knitting Machines" and US Patent No.5070709 "Striping System For Circular Knitting Machine", which respectively disclose striping apparatuses feeding different yam into the knitting needle of a knitting machine. Besides, US Patent No.5218845 "Circular Knitting Machine Striper Control System" discloses a controller for a striping apparatus.

As shown in from Fig.1A to Fig.1D, the striper structure of the abovementioned US Patent No.5218845 comprises: yam-changing plates 10; movable blades 11; and drive elements (not shown in the drawings), used to drive the yam-changing plates 10 and the movable blades 11. In normal state, the yam-changing plate 10 is at a non-enable normal position, and the movable blade 11 also withdraws back to the main body 12, and a hook 110 clips the yam to position at the front edge 120 of the main body 12. As shown in Fig.1B, when the machine begins to feed yarns, the drive element pushes the yam-changing plate 10, and then, the front end of the yam-changing plate 10 extends outward. Simultaneously, the rear end 101 of the yam-changing plate 10 touches a first pin 111 of the movable blade 11 to drive the movable blade 11 toward the left side of the Fig.1C until the yam-changing plate 10 reaches an external yarn-feed position, and then, the hook 110 of the movable blade 11 releases a yarn Y, as shown in Fig.1C. Naturally, before the hook 110 releases the yarn Y, the yarn-changing plate 10 has transferred the yam Y to the yarn-feed position, and a knitting needle 13 hooks the yam Y to perform knitting operation.

Lastly, when yam is intended to change, the yam-changing plate 10, which has reached the external yarn-feed position beforehand, will be pulled by the drive element back to the normal position, as shown in Fig.1A. During the process that the yarn-changing plate 10 moves to the right side of Fig.1D, a nose 102 of the yarn-changing plate 10 will touch a second pin 112 of the movable blade 11 and actuate the movable blade 11 to move rightward and back to the normal position, and then, the hook 110 of the movable blade 11 will cut off the yarn Y and clip the tail of the yam Y at the front edge 120 of the main body 12.

In general, such a striping apparatus can provide multiple different colors of yams; for example, the four-color striping apparatus has four sets of parallel-arranged yarn-changing plates 10 and movable blades 11 to change four kinds of yarns respectively, and it is the same for the six-color striping apparatus; the more the number of yarns, the greater the width of the striping apparatus. In the striping apparatus disclosed in the abovementioned US Patent No.5218845 , as the movable blade 11 is driven by the yam-changing plate 10, the time that the yam-changing plate 10 touches the second pin 112 of the movable blade 11 is later than the time that the drive element begins pushing the yam-changing plate 10 toward the normal position. Such a design that both the yam-changing plate 10 and the movable blade 11 are driven by an identical drive element will bring about the delay of the time that the movable plate 11 cuts off the yam Y In such a design that both the yam-changing plate 10 and the movable blade 11 are driven by an identical drive element, when an old yam and a new yam, e.g. a yam 1 and a yam 6, are spaced farther, the time difference between two actions increases because of the larger spacing therebetween, and the time of releasing the yam Y is too late so that the yam will be torn off when the tail of the yam is still clipped by the movable blade 11 and a yamlet Y1 will still remain clipped, as shown in Fig.1B; then, the yamlet Y1 will be released and tangled with fabric; therefore, fabric quality is degraded.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The primary objective of the present invention is to provide a striping apparatus of a circular knitting machine in order to avoid the appearance of yarnlets and improve fabric quality.

According to one scheme of the present invention, different cams are separately used to drive the yarn-changing plate and the movable blade, and even though a new yam and an old yam are farther spaced, the timings of the cams can be adjusted to rapidly withdraw the old yam and cut it off and to release the tail of the new yam from the movable blade before it is torn off. Thereby, the present invention can prevent a yam from being torn off lest yamlets appear, so that fabric quality can be improved.

The technical contents and preferred embodiments of the present invention are to be described below in detail in cooperation with the drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

  • Fig.1A to Fig.1D are schematic views showing the structure of a conventional striping apparatus and the operation of the yam-changing plate and the movable blade.
  • Fig.2 is a schematic view showing a preferred embodiment of the striping apparatus of the present invention.
  • Fig.3 is a schematic view showing a preferred embodiment of the drive unit of the present invention.
  • Fig.4A is a schematic view showing the first portion of the yarn-feed unit at the normal position.
  • Fig.4B is a schematic view showing the second portion of the yam-feed unit at the normal holding position.
  • Fig.5A, Fig.5C, Fig.5E and Fig.5G are schematic views showing the sequential operational steps of the yarn-changing plate of the striping apparatus of the present invention.
  • Fig.5B, Fig.5D, Fig.5F and Fig.5H are schematic views showing the sequential operational steps of the movable blade of the striping apparatus of the present invention.
  • Fig.6 is a schematic view showing the relative positions of old yam, new yam and the yarn-entering point of the knitting needle when yam is changed.
  • Fig.7 is a schematic view showing a preferred embodiment of the forward cam of the second cam set of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Refer to Fig.2. According to one preferred embodiment, the striping apparatus of a circular knitting machine of the present invention comprises: a controller 20, a yam-feed unit and a drive unit. The controller 20 is driven by a selector 30, which rotates around the knitting portion of the circular knitting machine. The selector 30 is a kind of electronic device functioning like cams and having multiple movable elements 31, which are normally non-enable. Under the control of a control circuit or a central computer, the movable elements 31 can move to a triggering position. When the selector 30 passes the nearby of the controller 20, the movable elements 30 at the triggering position will actuate corresponding triggers 21 of the controller 20 to move to an enable position.

The controller 20 further comprises: triggers 21, first safety levers 22 and second safety levers 23. One end of the first safety lever 22 and one end of the second safety lever 23 are installed to a sideboard 24 with a first pivotal shaft 221. The trigger 21 has a first end 210 and a second end 211; the first end 210 of the trigger 21 has a protrudent return nose 212; the portion between the first end 210 and the second end 211 has a second pivotal shaft 213, and the triggers 21 are installed to the sideboard 24 with the second pivotal shaft 213; and the second end 211 of the triggers 21 also has a protrudent second nose 214. Refer to Fig.4A and Fig.4B. When in normal state, the trigger 21, the first safety lever 22, and the second safety lever 23 are all at a lock position; the second end 211 of the trigger 21 presses against the first safety lever 22 and the second safety lever 23. When the first end 210 of the trigger 21 is moved by an external force, it will rotate around the second pivotal shaft 213 to the enable position, and the second end 211 of the trigger 21 will slide into a notch 220 at the top side of the first lever 22 and a notch 230 at the top side of the second lever 23, which enables the first lever 22 and the second lever 23 swing around the first pivotal shaft 221 upward to an unlock position. The entire controller 20 comprises multiple units, and each unit is formed of one trigger 21, one first safety lever 22, and one second safety lever 23; those units are parallel arranged into the entire controller 20. When in normal state, the relationship between the trigger 21 and the first safety lever 22 of the same unit is shown in Fig.4A, and the relationship between the trigger 21 and the second safety lever 22 of the same unit is shown in Fig. 4B.

The yam-feed unit is fixedly installed in the perimeter of the circular knitting machine and comprises two portions. The first portion further comprises: yarn-changing plates 40, first connecting rods 41, and second connecting rods 42. The first portion functions to feed a yam Y to a yam-entering position. The second port further comprises: movable blades 50 and a driving link 51. The second port functions to clip the tail of the yam Y when standby and to cut off an old yam, so that the old yam can be released from fabric and the operation can restore standby state. The abovementioned controller 20 is fixedly installed above the yam-feed unit, and the preferred embodiments of them are described below.

The yam-changing plates 40, first connecting rods 41, and second connecting rods 42 of the first portion interconnect head to tail to form a kind of three-bar linkage. Multiple different colors of yarns Y separately pass different yam-guiding rings 25 and then pass the through-holes 401 at the front ends of the yam-changing plates 40. When in normal state, the first connecting rod 41 is like a seesaw, and the tail end of the first connecting rod 41 is coupled to the head end of the second connecting end 42; the upper side of the central portion of the first connecting rod 41 has a protuberance 412; the protuberance 412 contacts the bottom side of the first safety lever 22 normally; the upper side of the head end of the first connecting rod 41 has an upward forward-stroke protuberance 410, and the bottom side of the head end of the first connecting rod 41 has a downward backward-stroke protuberance 411. The tail end of the second connecting rod 42 is coupled to the tail end of the yam-changing plate 40. The second connecting rod 42 functions to transfer the pulling force of the first connecting rod 41 to the yam-changing plate 40 and transform the pulling motion of the first connecting rod 41 into a motion of another direction in order to actuate the yam-changing plate 40 to reciprocate between a normal position (shown in Fig.4A) and an external position (shown in Fig.5C). The first portion further comprises: a first elastic element 43 and a second elastic element 44; one end of the first elastic element 43 is fixed to the sideboard 24, and the other end supports the first connecting rod 41 from the bottom side of the head end of the first connecting rod 41. As shown in Fig.5A, when the trigger 21 shifts to the enable position, the upward pressing force of the first elastic element 43 will push the head end of the first connecting rod 42 upward, and the first safety lever 22 will also move to the unlock position simultaneously, so that the forward-stroke protuberance 410 of the first connecting rod 41 rises above the sideboard 24 to a standby position. The second elastic element 44 supports the yarn-changing plate 40 from the bottom side of the yam-changing plate 40 in order to complement the first elastic element 43 and provide elastic force for the yam-changing plate 40.

The tail end of the movable blade 50 is coupled to the tail end of the driving link 51. The upper side of the central portion of the driving link 51 has a protuberance 512, which contacts the bottom side of the second safety lever 23 normally. Both sides of the head end of the driving link 51 separately have an upward forward-stroke protuberance 510 and a downward backward-stroke protuberance 511 in order to actuate the movable blade 50 to reciprocate between a normal holding position (shown in Fig.4B) and an external release position (shown in Fig.5D). The second portion further comprises a third elastic element 52; one end of the third elastic element 52 is fixed to the sideboard 24, and the other side supports the driving link 51 from the bottom side near the head end of the driving link 51. When the trigger 21 shifts to the enable position (shown in Fig.5B), the upward pushing force of the third elastic element 52 will push the head end of the driving link 51 upward, and the second safety lever 23 will also be moved to the unlock position simultaneously, so that the forward-stroke protuberance 510 of the driving link 51 rises above the sideboard 24 to the standby position ready for being pushed out.

The drive unit further comprises: a first cam set 60, a second cam set 70, and return cams 80, and as shown in Fig.3, all of them together with the selector 30 are installed to a mount board 90 and rotate around the knitting portion of the circular knitting machine synchronically. The first, second cam sets 60, 70 respectively have forward cams 61, 71 and backward cams 62, 72. The forward cam 61 of the first cam set 60 is responsible for pushing the yam-changing plate 40 to the external position; the forward cam 71 of the second cam set 70 is responsible for pushing the movable blade 50 to the external release position; the backward cam 62 of the first cam set 60 is responsible for pulling the yam-changing plate 40 back to the normal non-enable position; the backward cam 72 of the second cam set 70 is responsible for pulling the movable blade 50 for clipping/cutting yarns back to the normal holding position. When in the holding position, a hook 502 at the front end of the movable blade 50 will clip the tail of the yam Y to position it at between the hook 502 and the sideboard 24.

The practical operation is to be described below in cooperation with from Fig.5A to Fig.5H.

Firstly, as shown in Fig.5A, the control circuit or the central computer controls a movable element 31 of the selector 30 to move to a triggering position. When the selector 30 passes the nearby of the controller 20, the movable element 31, which has reached the triggering position, will trigger the second nose 214 of the corresponding trigger 21. The second noses 214 of the triggers 21 are respectively at different heights; therefore, different movable elements 31 of the selector 30 can be used to trigger different second noses 214 of the corresponding triggers 21 separately, so that the corresponding triggers 21 move to the enable positions, and then, the first safety levers 22 move to the unlock positions, so that the forward-stroke protuberance 410 of the first connecting rod 41 rises above the sideboard 24 to the standby position ready for being pushed out. Simultaneously, as shown in Fig.5B, the forward-stroke protuberance 510 also rises above the sideboard 24 to the standby position ready for being pushed out.

Next, as shown in Fig.5C, the drive unit moves to the yarn-feed unit, and a first inclined plane 610 of the forward cam 61 of the first cam set 60 touches the forward-stroke protuberance 410 of the first connecting rod 41 to actuate the first connecting rod 41 and the second connecting rod 42 to push the yam-changing plate 40 to the external position. Further, as shown in Fig.5D, a first inclined plane 710 of the forward cam 71 of the second cam set 70 touches the forward-stroke protuberance 510 of the driving link 51 to actuate the movable blade 50 to the external release position.

As shown in Fig.5E, the return cam 80 moves to the controller 20 again, and the front inclined plane 801 of the return cam 80 gradually closes to the return nose 212 of the trigger 21, and the rear plane 802 of the return cam 80 pushes the trigger 21 to the normal lock position to actuate the backward-stroke protuberance 411 of the first connecting rod 41 to emerge from below the sideboard 24. Simultaneously, as shown in Fig.5F, the backward-stroke protuberance 511 of the driving link 51 also emerges from below the sideboard 24.

Lastly, as shown in Fig.5G, the drive unit moves to the yarn-feed unit again, and the first inclined plane 620 of the backward cam 62 of the first cam set 60 touches the backward-stroke protuberance 411 of the first connecting rod 41 to actuate the first connecting rod 41 and the second connecting rod 42 to pull the yarn-changing plate 40 back to the normal non-enable position. Further, as shown in Fig.5H, the first inclined plane 720 of the backward cam 72 of the second cam set 70 also touches the backward-stroke protuberance 511 of the driving link 51 to actuate the driving link 51 to pull the movable blade 50 back to the normal holding position; at this time, the hook 502 at the front end of the movable blade 50 for clipping/cutting yarns will not only clip the tail of the yam Y to position it at between the hook 502 and the sideboard 24 but also will cut off the yam Y

The time difference between the action of the backward cam 62 of the first cam set 60 and the action of the backward cam 72 of the second cam set 70, i.e. the time difference between that the first inclined plane 620 touches the backward-stroke protuberance 411 and that the first inclined plane 720 touches the backward-stroke protuberance 511, can be adjusted according to demand. A practical method is installing the backward cams 62, 72 separately at cam seats 63, 64; such a design can make an old yam be quickly withdrawn and cut off when striping (changing a yam) and make the tail of a new yam be released from the movable blade 50 before the new yam is torn off lest the yam be torn off and yamlets appear; thereby, fabric quality can be improved.

A preferred embodiment of the forward cam 71 of the second cam set 70 show in Fig.3 is a two-stage cam, which further comprises: a static cam 73 and a movable cam 74, wherein the first inclined plane 710 is positioned at the front end of the static cam 73, and the movable cam 74 further has a second inclined plane 730. The static cam 73 and the movable cam 74 are separately positioned at different heights. The movable cam 74 is fixed to the forward cam 71 with a screw 741, and after the screw 741 is loosened, the relative position of the movable cam 74 and the static cam 73 can be adjusted. The abovementioned forward-stroke protuberances of the multiple driving links of the yarn-feed unit are also divided into two kinds of forward-stroke protuberances 510, 510a, and the forward-stroke protuberance 510 can be pushed by the first inclined plane 710 of the static cam 73, and the forward-stroke protuberance 510a can be pushed by the second inclined plane 730 of the movable cam 74.

Refer to Fig.6, wherein the present invention is exemplified by a six-color striping apparatus. Suppose that the old yam is the yam 6 and the new yam is the yam 1 herein; when the knitting needle moves to the yarn-entering point shown in Fig.6, the movable cam 74 can be moved forward to advance the timing that the second inclined plane 730 touches the backward protuberance 511 from time t1 to time t2 shown in Fig.7 lest the old yam be released by the movable blade 50 too late and the old yam be torn off.


Anspruch[en]
A striping apparatus of a circular knitting machine, comprising: a controller (20), a yam-feed unit, and a drive unit, wherein said controller (20) is driven by a selector (30) that rotates around the knitting portion of said circular knitting machine, and characterized in: that said yam-feed unit has two portions; the first portion further comprises: a yam-changing plate (40), a first connecting rod (41) and a second connecting rod (42), and is used to feed a yam Y to a yam-entering position; the second portion further comprises: a movable blade (50) and a driving link (51), and is used to clip the tail end of the yam Y in standby state and to cut off an old yam when changing a yam in order to release said old yam from fabric and restore said standby state; and that said drive unit and said selector (30) rotate around the knitting portion of said circular knitting machine; said drive unit further comprises: a first cam set (60), a second cam set (70); said yam-changing plate (40) and said movable blade (50) are separately actuated by said first cam set (60) and said second cam set (70); said first cam set (60) and said second cam set (70) further respectively comprise forward cams (61, 71) and backward cams (62, 72); said forward cam (61) of said first cam set (60) is responsible for pushing said yam-changing plate (40) to an external position; said forward cam (71) of said second cam set (70) is responsible for pushing said movable blade (50) to an external release position; said backward cam (62) of said first cam set (60) is responsible for pulling said yarn-changing plate (40) back to a normal position; said backward cam (72) of said second cam set (70) is responsible for pulling said movable blade (50) back to a normal holding position. The striping apparatus of a circular knitting machine according to claim 1, wherein both sides of the head end of said first connecting rod (41) respectively have an upward forward-stroke protuberance (410) and a downward backward-stroke protuberance (411); said forward-stroke protuberance (410) is actuated by said forward cam (61) of said first cam set (60), and said backward-stroke protuberance (411) is actuated by said backward cam (62) of said first cam set (60); the tail end of said second connecting rod (42) is coupled to the tail end of said yam-changing plate (40) in order to actuate said yam-changing plate (40) to reciprocate between said normal position and said external position. The striping apparatus of a circular knitting machine according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the tail end of said movable blade (50) of said second portion is coupled to the tail end of said driving link (51); both sides of the head end of said driving link (51) respectively have an upward forward-stroke protuberance (510) and a downward backward-stroke protuberance (511); said forward-stroke protuberance (510) is actuated by said forward cam (71) of said second cam set (70), and said backward-stroke protuberance (511) is actuated by said backward cam (72) of said second cam set (70); thereby, said movable blade (50) is actuated to reciprocate between said normal holding position and said external release position. The striping apparatus of a circular knitting machine according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein said forward cam (71) of said second cam set (70) further comprises: a static cam (73) and a movable cam (74); a first inclined plane (710) is positioned at the front end of said static cam (73), and said movable cam (74) further has a second inclined plane (730); said static cam (73) and said movable cam (74) are separately positioned at different heights; said forward-stroke protuberances (510) of multiple said driving links (51) of said yam-feed unit have two kinds of forward-stroke protuberances (510, 510a) at different heights; the higher one of said forward-stroke protuberances (510, 510a) is pushed by said first inclined plane (710) of said static cam (73), and the lower one of said forward-stroke protuberances (510, 510a) is pushed by said second inclined plane (730) of said movable cam (74). The striping apparatus of a circular knitting machine according to claim 4, wherein said movable cam (74) is fixed to said forward cam (71) with a screw (741), and after said screw (741) is released, the relative position of said movable cam (74) and said static cam (73) can be adjusted.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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