PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1219740 05.07.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001219740
Titel STRICKVERFAHREN ZUR ENTSORGUNG VON FADENRESTEN
Anmelder Shima Seiki Mfg. Ltd., Wakayama, JP
Erfinder OKAMOTO, Kazuyoshi, Gose-shi, Nara 639-2238, JP;
OKAWA, Hideyuki, Wakayama-shi, Wakayama 640-8483, JP
Vertreter Säger & Partner Patent- und Rechtsanwälte GbR, 80538 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 60034958
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 28.08.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 009550849
WO-Anmeldetag 28.08.2000
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/JP00/05815
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2001016416
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 08.03.2001
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 03.07.2002
EP date of grant 23.05.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 05.07.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse D04B 7/22(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a knitting method for disposing an unused yarn end edge produced in the yarn-in operation in which a knitting yarn is newly introduced in knitting a knitted fabric by using a flat knitting machine and/or in the yarn-out operation in which the knitting yarn used in knitting is withdrawn from the knitting.

When the yarn-in operation wherein a knitting yarn is newly introduced in knitting is performed by using a flat knitting machine, an unused yarn end on the yarn-in side is produced between an end of the newly introduced knitting yarn in the knitting and the first loop of the knitted fabric body formed by that knitting yarn. Similarly, when the yarn-out operation wherein the knitting yarn used in the knitting is withdrawn from the knitting is performed, an unused yarn end on the yarn-out side is produced between an end of the knitting yarn withdrawn from the knitting and the final loop formed by that knitting yarn. After the completion of knitting, those unused yarn ends are disposed by cutting them at their portions close to the knitted fabric and also linking them into the knitted fabric with crochet needles. This disposing way of linking the unused yarn ends into the knitted fabric with crochet needles takes a lot of trouble and also has difficulties with fine stitches.

It is the objective of the present invention to eliminate the need of linking the unused yarn ends into the knitted fabric with the crochet needles mentioned above.

EP0854219 describes a knitting method to lock the leading end of a knitting yarn in the fabric, using a flatbed knitter with at least two needle beds, involving forming a catch loop on a needle (d,f) (the references in parenthesis in this paragraph referring to the figures of EP0854219) of the trailing bed (H) in one slide movement direction. In the opposite slide movement direction, a catch loop is formed on the needles (c,g) following the occupied needles (d,f). With the slide moving in the first direction, the initial catch loops on the needles (d,f) are knitted into stitches and a catch loop formed on the next needle (e). In the reversed slide movement, a catch loop is formed on needles (B,J) at the leading bed (V) and, in the first slide movement direction, the stitches (d,f) at the trailing bed are transferred to the facing needles (D,F) at the leading bed.

US 5,758,518 provides a knitting method for disposing an unused yam end produced in yarn-in and/or yarn-out of a knitting yarn used in knitting a knitted fabric by using a flat knitting machine having at least a pair of front and back needle beds, either or both of which are movable in a longitudinal direction thereof, the knitting method comprising (a) the step that two or more unused-yarn-end disposal loops are formed from the knitting yarn introduced in and/or drawn out in knitting by using an empty needle around an end side of a knitted fabric body; and (b) the step that the unused-yarn-end disposal loops thus formed are moved and laid over loops of the knitted fabric body. The present invention is characterised in that the unused-yarn-end disposal loops are moved and laid in order, one each, to and over loops of different courses of the knitted fabric body located at an end side thereof in knitting the next course of the knitted fabric body. According to the constitution of the present invention mentioned above, an unused yarn end portion of the knitting yarn introduced in and/or drawn out in knitting is formed in the form of unused-yam-end disposal loops, which are then moved and laid in order, one each, to and over loops of different courses of the knitted fabric body located at an end side thereof, while the knitted fabric body is knitted. As a result of this, the unused yarn end is allowed to extend in the lengthwise direction of the knitted fabric in the state of being interwoven into the knitted fabric at the end side of the knitted fabric.

In the knitting method, the unused yarn end to be disposed is the unused yarn end on the yarn-in side produced in the yarn-in and the unused-yarn-end disposal loops formed from the unused yarn end are laid over the loops of the knitted fabric body in order of from a finally formed unused-yarn-end disposal loop to a firstly formed unused-yarn-end disposal loop, which is one of the characteristic features of the present invention. Alternatively, the unused yarn end to be disposed may be the unused yarn end on the yarn-out side produced in the yarn-out and the unused-yarn-end disposal loops formed from the unused yarn end may be laid over the loops of the knitted fabric body in order of from a firstly formed unused-yarn-end disposal loop to a finally formed unused-yarn-end disposal loop, which is also one of the characteristic features of the present invention. According to the constitution of the present invention mentioned above, the unused-yarn-end disposal loops are laid over the loops of the knitted fabric body in order of from the loop at a side far from the end of the unused yarn end to the loop at the near side. This can allow the unused yarn end to be held by the loops of the knitted fabric body in the state of extending substantially straight.

The knitted fabric having the unused yarn end to be disposed may be a tubular knitted fabric whose front knitted fabric and back knitted fabric are continuously joined at both ends thereof, which is one of the characteristic features of the present invention. According to this constitution of the present invention, the unused-yarn-end disposal loops laid over the loops of the knitted fabric body are advantageously hidden in the inside of the tubular knitted fabric.

Further, after the knitting yarn introduced in and/or drawn out is subjected to a knotting knitting to fixedly knot a basal end portion of the unused yarn end to the knitted fabric body, the unused-yarn-end disposal loops are moved to and laid over the loops of the knitted fabric body in order, which is one of the characteristic features of the present invention. According to this constitution of the present invention, the basal end of the unused yarn end is fixed to the knitted fabric body by the knotting knitting, so that even when the knitted fabric is stretched, the unused yarn end is restrained from being loosened and pulled out from the loops of the knitted fabric body.

FIG. 1 shows a tubular knitted fabric knitted by the knitting method for disposing unused yarn end of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a knitting course diagram illustrating the first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 3 is a knitting course diagram illustrating the first embodiment; FIG. 4 is a knitting course diagram illustrating the first embodiment; FIG. 5 is a looping diagram of the knitted fabric knitted by the method of the first embodiment; FIG. 6 is a knitting course diagram illustrating the second embodiment; FIG. 7 is a knitting course diagram illustrating the second embodiment; and FIG. 8 is a looping diagram of the knitted fabric knitted by the method of the second embodiment.

Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the knitting course diagrams referred to in the following description, the numerals at the left side indicate the serial number of the courses, the capital alphabetical letters indicate the needles of the front bed, and the small alphabetical letters indicate the needles of the back bed. The vertical arrows at the right side indicate the direction for the loops to be transferred, and the horizontal arrows indicate the direction for the carriage to travel.

FIG. 1 shows a tubular knitted fabric 1 treated by the knitting method for disposing unused yarn end of the present invention, with its unused yarn ends as yet uncut. The tubular knitted fabric 1 is formed by a front knitted fabric 3 and a back knitted fabric 5 being continuously joined at both ends thereof. In the tubular knitted fabric 1, a ribbed hem 7 comprising a front ribbed hem 7a formed in the front knitted fabric 3 and a back ribbed hem 7b formed in the back knitted fabric 5 and a plain weave fabric 9 comprising a front plain weave portion 9a formed in the front knitted fabric 3 and a back plain weave portion 9b formed in the back knitted fabric 5 are formed. The plain weave fabric 9 has lower half portions 3a and 5a and upper half portions 3b and 5b, which are knitted with different yarns. In the following embodiments, reference is given to a method for disposing an unused yarn end 11 on the yarn-in side which is produced in the yarn-in operation wherein the knitting yarn used in knitting the lower half portions 3a and 5a is introduced in the knitting and an unused yarn end 13 on the yarn-out side which is produced in the yarn-out operation.

(First Embodiment)

In the first embodiment, the disposal of the unused yarn end 11 on the yarn-in side is described with reference to FIGS. 1-5. FIGS. 2-4 are knitting course diagram illustrating the first embodiment. FIG. 5 is a loopping diagram thereof. As will be understood from the following description, a two-bed flat knitting machine comprising only a pair of front and back needle beds is used in such a manner that odd needles are used for knitting the front knitted fabric and even needles are used for knitting the back knitted fabric, while reserving empty needles on the opposed needle bed, so that a interlock stitch fabric, such as a rib stitch fabric, can be knitted by using both of the front and back needle beds in the course of knitting the knitted fabric into a tubular shape. In the case where a multistage flat knitting machine including upper beds which are disposed over a pair of lower beds and on which transfer components, such as transfer jacks and transfer needles, are arranged with a corresponding needle pitch to those on the lower beds, is used, the tubular knitted fabric can be knitted without any empty needles being situated between the knitting needles for use in forming the loops.

The course 0 of FIG. 2 shows the state that a waste course knitting taken place prior to regular knitting is completed. After the completion of the knitting of the waste course, a desired knitted fabric (hereinafter it is referred to as the knitted fabric body) is knitted and then the waste course is separated and removed from the knitted fabric body (FIG. 1 shows the state that the waste course was separated and removed). The knitting of the waste course taken place prior to knitting the knitted fabric body can allow a pull-down tensile force to be exerted on the knitted fabric body from the first knitting course of the knitted fabric body. A knitting yarn 15 that is newly introduced from the course 1 into the knitting is held at its yarn end by a yarn end holding device 17 disposed at a lateral side of a knitting area and is extended through a yarn carrier (not shown) that moves in reciprocation along a needle gap between the both front and back needle beds. When the knitting is initiated, the knitting yarn 15 held at its yarn end is led to the knitting area by the yarn carrier and a portion of the knitting yarn extending between the yarn end and the carrier is captured by a hook of the needle and drawn in by it to do the knitting. The needles C-M of the front bed and the needles d-n of the back needle bed are used for knitting the knitted fabric body. The needles A and B located outside of those needles are used for the knitting process for disposing an unused yarn end as described later. In the course 0, the loop on the needle d of the back bed is transferred to the needle D of the front bed in advance, for preparation of the next knitting.

In the course 1 of FIG. 2, the yarn carrier is shifted rightward and the yarn is fed to the needle B of the front bed situated next to the needle C on which the loop at the end side of the knitted fabric body is formed. At this time, no loop in the preceding course is formed on the needle B, so that the knitting yarn fed to the needle B comes into the state of being held in the hook of the needle B. For convenience of explanation, this knitting process wherein the knitting yarn is fed to the empty needle holding no loop, so as to be held in the hook of the needle is referred to as "the empty needle knitting process" in the embodiment, and the knitting yarn held in the needle by such an empty needle knitting process is referred to as "the empty needle knitting loop". The empty needle knitting loop 21 is held in the needle B of the front bed by the knitting of the course 1. Prior to going on to the knitting of the course 2, the yarn carrier is reversed in traveling direction and is shifted to the left side of the needle b to which the yarn is fed in the course 3. In the knitting of the course 2, the yarn carrier is shifted rightward and the yarn is fed to the needle b to form thereon the empty needle knitting loop 23 in the same manner as in the needle B. In the knitting of the course 3, the yarn carrier is reversed and the yarn is carried leftward and fed to the needle A of the front bed to form the empty needle knitting loop 25 therein. The knitting processes of the courses 1 to 3 form the first half of the knitting process for disposing the unused yarn end, and the empty needle knitting loops 21, 23 and 25 formed in these knitting processes are each called "the unused-yarn-end disposal loop". The first half of this knitting process may proceed, prior to forming the unused-yarn-end disposal loop, as in this embodiment. Alternatively, it may proceed after the initiation of the knitting of the knitted fabric body by taking the step that the yarn is fed to the needle used for knitting the knitted fabric body, prior to forming the unused-yarn-end disposal loop, and then the needle is moved up to the knitting yarn extending between the endmost side of the knitted fabric body and the yarn end to capture it into the hook of the needle. The remaining second half of the knitting process proceeds in parallel with the knitting of the courses of the knitted fabric body after the initiation of the knitting of the knitted fabric body

Prior to the knitting of the course 4, the yarn carrier is reversed and shifted rightward. Thereafter, in the knitting of the course 4, the yarn is carried leftward and fed to the needles D and C of the front bed, to form the loops 27 and 29 thereon. In the knitting of the course 5, the yarn is carried rightward and fed to the needle d of the back bed, to form the loop 31 thereon. In the knitting of the course 6, the loop 27 on the needle C to which the yarn is fed in the knitting of the course 4 is transferred to the needle c of the back bed. In the knitting of the course 7, the yarn is carried leftward and fed to the needle c of the back bed, to form the loop 33 thereon. In the course 8, the loop 33 is transferred to the needle C of the front bed. Then, in the knitting of the courses 9 and 10, the needle D of the back bed holding the loop 31 formed in the knitting of the course 4 is advanced or retracted without feeding the yarn thereto, so as to shake off the held loop 31 from the needle D. In the knitting of the course 11, the loop 31 on the needle D of the front bed is transferred to the needle d of the back bed. The knitting processes of the courses 4-10 form the knotting knitting for the unused yarn end extending out from the knitted fabric to be knotted at a basal end thereof so as to be tied on the knitted fabric body, so as to prevent the unused yarn end from being drawn into the knitted fabric body even when force acts on the knitted fabric. It should be noted that the knotting knitting is not indispensable. The knotting knitting may selectively be made in accordance with knitting conditions, such as quality and thickness of the knitting yarn used and size of the loops formed, and the number of loops formed to dispose the unused yarn end.

Then, the knitting of the knitted fabric body is started from the course 12 of FIG. 3. In the knitting of the course 12, prior to casting on a back knitted fabric of the knitted fabric body, the loops on the needles d, h and 1 of the back bed are transferred to the needles D, H and L of the front bed. Then, in the knitting of the course 13, the yarn is fed to the needles D, H and L of the front bed and the needles f, j and n of the back bed alternately, to form the loops 35a, 35b, 35c, 35d, 35e and 35f thereon. In the knitting of the course 14, the yarn is fed to the needles n, j and f of the back bed to form the loops 37a, 37b and 37c thereon. In the knitting of the course 15, the yarn is fed to the needles D, H and L of the front bed to form the loops 39a, 39b and 39c thereon, so as to prevent loosening of the stitches, and the back knitted fabric 1 is cast on. In the knitting of the course 16, the loops 39a, 39b and 39c of the back knitted fabric 5 held on the needles D, H and L of the front bed are transferred to the corresponding needles d, h and 1 of the back bed and, prior to casting on the front knitted fabric 3, the loops of a waste knitting portion held on the needles E, I and M of the front bed are transferred to the back bed. Then, in the knitting of the course 17, the yarn is fed to the needles C, G and K of the front bed and the needles e, i and m of the back bed alternately, to form the loops 41a, 41b, 41c, 41d, 41e and 41f thereon. In the knitting of the course 18, the yarn is fed to the needles C, G and K of the front bed to form the loops 43a, 43b and 43c thereon. In the knitting of the course 19, the yarn is fed to the needles m, i and e of the back bed to form the loops 45a, 45b and 45c thereon, so as to prevent loosening of the stitches of the front knitted fabric 3. Then, in the knitting of the course 20, the loops 45a, 45b and 45c of the front knitted fabric held on the needles e, i and m of the back bed are transferred to the needles E, I and M of the front bed, so that all loops of the front knitted fabric 3 are transferred to the front bed. In the knitting of the course 21, the yarn is fed to the needles D, F, H, J, L and N of the back bed to knit the back knitted fabric 5.

Then, in the knitting of the course 22 at which the second half of the knitting process for disposing the unused yarn end is initiated, the unused-yarn-end disposal loop 25 formed in the needle A of the front bed by the empty needle knitting process in the knitting of the course 3 is transferred to the needle c of the back bed. In the knitting of the course 23 of FIG. 4, the unused-yarn-end disposal loop 25 is further transferred to the needle C of the front bed and laid over the loop 43a of the front knitted fabric 3 held on the needle C. Then, in the knitting of the course 24, the yarn is fed to the needles M, K, I, G, E and C of the front bed to knit the front knitted fabric 3. In the knitting of the course 25, the loops of the back knitted fabric 5 held on the needles d, h and 1 of the back bed are transferred to the needles D, H and L of the front bed, for preparation of knitting the back knitted fabric 5 in the form of a 1×1 rib stitch structure. Then, in the knitting of the course 26, the yarn is fed to the needles D, H and L of the front bed and the needles f, j and n of the back bed to knit the back knitted fabric 5 in the form of the 1×1 rib stitch structure. In the knitting of the course 27, the unused-yarn-end disposal loop 23 formed in the course 2 and held on the needle b of the back bed is transferred to the needle C of the front bed and laid over the loop 47 of the front knitted fabric 3. In the knitting of the course 28, the loops of the back knitted fabric 5 held on the needles D, H and L of the front bed are transferred back to the needles d, h and 1 of the back bed and also the loops of the front knitted fabric 3 held on the needles E, I and M of the front bed are transferred to the needles e, i and m of the back bed, for preparation of knitting the front knitted fabric 3 in the form of the 1×1 rib stitch structure. In the knitting of the course 29, the yarn is fed to the needles e, i and m of the back bed and the needles C, G and K of the front bed alternately, to knit the front knitted fabric 3 in the form of the rib stitch structure. In the knitting of the course 30, the loops of the front knitted fabric 3 transferred to the back bed and the loops of the back knitted fabric 5 formed as the back stitches are transferred to the front bed. In the knitting of the course 31, the yarn is fed to the needles D, H and L of the front bed and the needles f, j and n of the back bed alternately, to knit the back knitted fabric 5 in the form of the rib stitch structure. In the knitting of the course 32, the unused-yarn-end disposal loop 21 held on the needle B formed in the knitting of the course 1 is transferred to the needle c of the back bed. In the course 33, the unused-yarn-end disposal loop 21 is further transferred to the needle C of the front bed and laid over the loop 49 of the front knitted fabric 3. The knitting processes of the courses 22, 23, 27, 32 and 33 form the second half of the knitting process for disposing the unused yarn end. The knitting process wherein the unused-yarn-end disposal loops 21, 23 and 25 formed prior to knitting the knitted fabric body in the first half of the knitting process for disposing the unused yarn end are laid over the loops of the knitted fabric body in order of from the finally formed loop 25 to the firstly formed loop 21 proceeds in parallel with the knitting of the knitted fabric body. Subsequently, the knitting processes illustrated in the courses 28 to 31 are repeated to form the rib stitch 7 of the tubular knitted fabric 1 shown in FIG. 1.

The looping diagram of the knitted fabric knitted by the knitting method described above is shown in FIG. 5. FIG. 5 shows only the loops formed by the knitting the courses starting from the course 1 of FIG. 2, with the loops formed by knitting the waste course omitted. The dashed line X-X indicates a boundary between the front knitted fabric 3 and the back knitted fabric 5. The front knitted fabric 3 is on the right hand of the line X-X, and the back knitted fabric 5 is on the left hand of the same. As shown in FIG. 5, with its unused yarn end disposed by the knitting method as mentioned above, the knitted fabric comes into the state in which the unused-yarn-end disposal loops 21, 23 and 25 formed in the unused yarn end in the first half of the knitting of the courses 1 to 3 are held by the loops of the knitted fabric body.

When the knitting by the flat knitting machine is completed, the unused yarn end 11 at which no loop is formed in a cast-on portion of the knitted fabric body 1 is in the state of extending out from the knitted fabric, as shown in FIG. 1. In this state of the knitted fabric, the unused yarn end 11 is cut at its portion close to the knitted fabric. The unused yarn end 11 thus treated is held in the form of the unused-yarn-end disposal loops 21, 23 and 25 by the loops of the knitted fabric body. Thus, the unused yarn end 11 comes into the state of being accommodated in the knitted fabric as if it is linked into the knitted fabric. Consequently, the need of linking the unused yarn end into the knitted fabric separately can be eliminated. Further, in the embodiment mentioned above, following the knitting process for disposing the unused yarn end, the knotting knitting is performed, prior to knitting the knitted fabric body. Accordingly, closing the loop 27 by pulling the unused yarn end in a drawing direction prior to cutting it can make it hard for the unused yarn end 11 to be drawn into the knitted fabric body.

(Second Embodiment)

Next, the disposal of the unused yarn end 13 on the knit-up side is described with reference to FIGS. 6-8. FIGS. 6-7 are knitting course diagrams illustrating the second embodiment and FIG. 8 is a looping diagram of the same. The second embodiment provides the knitting method for disposing the unused yarn end 13 which is produced in the yarn-out operation performed in the course of the plain weave portion 7 of the tubular knitted fabric 1 being knitted by repeating the knitting of the courses 1 to 2 of FIG. 6. In the courses 3 to 5 of FIG. 6 in which the knitting for disposing the unused yarn end is performed, the same knitting as in the knitting of the courses 1 to 3 of the first embodiment is performed by using the knitting yarn subjected to the yarn-out operation, so as to form the unused-yarn-end disposal loops 51, 53 and 55. After the completion of the knitting of the course 5, the knitting yarn 57 used in the knitting of the lower half of the tubular knitted fabric 1 is moved out of the knitting area. Then, in the knitting of the course 6, the front knitted fabric 3 is knitted by using the different knitting yarn 59 used in the next knitting of the upper half of the tubular knitted fabric 1. In the knitting of the course 7, the back knitted fabric 5 is knitted by using the same knitting yarn. Then, in the knitting of the course 8, the unused-yarn-end disposal loop 51 formed in the knitting of the course 3 is transferred to the needle c of the back bed. In the knitting of the course 9, it is transferred to the needle C of the front bed and laid over the loop 61 of the knitted fabric body. Then, in the knitting of the course 10, the front knitted fabric 3 is knitted, and in the knitting of the course 11, the back knitted fabric 5. In the knitting of the course 12 of FIG. 7, the unused-yarn-end disposal loop 53 formed in the knitting of the course 4 is transferred to the needle C of the front bed and laid over the loop 63 of the knitted fabric body. In the knitting of the course 13, the front knitted fabric 3 is knitted, and in the knitting of the course 14, the back knitted fabric 5 is knitted. In the knitting of the course 15, the unused-yarn-end disposal loop 55 formed in the knitting of the course 5 is transferred to the needle c of the back bed. In the knitting of the course 17, it is transferred to the needle C of the front bed and laid over the loop 65 of the knitted fabric body

In the second embodiment, the unused-yarn-end disposal loops 51, 53 and 55 are laid over the loops of the knitted fabric body in order of from the firstly formed loop 51 to the finally formed loop 55. Although the second embodiment is different in this aspect from the first embodiment in which the unused-yarn-end disposal loops are laid over the loops of the knitted fabric body in order of from the finally formed loop to the firstly formed loop, it is common to the first embodiment in that the unused-yarn-end disposal loops are laid over the loops of the knitted fabric body in order of from the loop at a side far from the end of the unused yarn end to the loop at the near side. In the knitted fabric knitted in the second embodiment, since the unused-yarn-end disposal loops 51, 53 and 55 are held by the loops 61, 63 and 65 of the knitted fabric body, the unused yarn end can be disposed by simply cutting the unused yarn end at its portion close to the knitted fabric, as is the case with the yarn-in operation. Although the knotting knitting is not involved in the second embodiment, it may be added, if required. In that case, the knotting knitting should be performed after completion of the knitting of the course 2.

While in the both embodiments illustrated above, the unused-yarn-end disposal loops are laid over the loops of the same wale of the knitted fabric body at the endmost side of the knitted fabric body so that the unused yarn end can be knitted into the knitted fabric without particular distinction, the unused-yarn-end disposal loops may be laid over the loops of the other wale of the knitted fabric body. While three unused-yarn-end disposal loops are formed in the embodiments, the number of unused-yarn-end disposal loops formed is not limited to three. While the loop of the knitted fabric body is laid over the unused-yarn-end disposal loop at each time one course of the knitted fabric body is formed, it may be laid over the unused-yarn-end disposal loop at each time two or more courses of the knitted fabric body are formed. Further, the unused-yarn-end disposal loop may be laid over the loop of the back knitted fabric. Also, while in the embodiments described above, the knitted fabric body is knitted in the form of the tubular knitted fabric, it may be knitted in any other form, without being limited thereto. The embodiments described above are just taken as an example of the embodied forms of the present invention. The method of the present invention is not limited to those disclosed in the embodiments and modifications may be made in the invention, without departing from the scope of the invention.

As mentioned above, in the knitted fabric as was treated by the knitting method for disposing the unused yarn end of the present invention, the unused yarn end of the knitting yarn as was subjected to the yarn-in operation and/or the yarn-out operation is brought into the state in which a portion of the unused yarn end that is formed into the form of the unused yarn-end disposal loops is held in the knitted fabric by the loops of the knitted fabric body. This can allow the unused yarn end to be disposed by simply cutting it at its portion close to the knitted fabric, without the troublesome work including the linking. In the case where the knitted fabric having the unused yarn end to be disposed is the tubular knitted fabric whose front knitted fabric and back knitted fabric are continuously joined at both ends thereof, the unused-yarn-end disposal loops are advantageously hidden in the inside of knitted fabric areas between the front knitted fabric and the back knitted fabric. Further, when the unused-yarn-end disposal loops are moved to and laid over the loops of the knitted fabric body in order after the knotting knitting is performed, the basal end of the unused yarn end is fixed to the knitted fabric body by the knotting, so that even when the knitted fabric is stretched, the unused yarn end is restrained from being pulled out from the loops of the knitted fabric body.


Anspruch[de]
Strickverfahren zur Entsorgung eines unbenutzten Fadenendes (11, 13), das beim Fadeneinzug und/oder Fadenauszug eines Strickgarns (15, 57) entsteht, welches beim Stricken einer Strickware (1) unter Verwendung einer Flachstrickmaschine benutzt wird, die mindestens ein Paar aus einem vorderen und einem hinteren Nadelbett aufweist, von denen eines oder beide in ihrer Längsrichtung beweglich sind, wobei das Strickverfahren Folgendes umfasst: (a) den Schritt, dass zwei oder mehr Entsorgungsmaschen aus unbenutztem Fadenende (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) aus dem Strickgarn (15, 57) gebildet werden, das beim Stricken unter Verwendung einer leeren Nadel (A, B, a, b, c) rund um eine Endseite eines Strickwarenkörpers eingeführt und/oder herausgezogen wird; und (b) den Schritt, dass die so gebildeten Entsorgungsmaschen aus unbenutztem Fadenende (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) über Maschen (47, 49, 61, 63, 65) des Strickwarenkörpers bewegt und gelegt werden, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Entsorgungsmaschen aus unbenutztem Fadenende (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) beim Stricken der nächsten Reihe des Strickwarenkörpers zu Maschen (47, 49, 61, 63, 65) verschiedener Reihen des Strickwarenkörpers, die sich an einer Endseite desselben befinden, bewegt werden und der Reihe nach jeweils eine über diese gelegt werden. Strickverfahren zur Entsorgung eines unbenutzten Fadenendes (11, 13) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das zu entsorgende unbenutzte Fadenende (11, 13) das unbenutzte Fadenende (11) auf der Fadeneinzugsseite ist, das beim Fadeneinzug entsteht, und wobei der Schritt (b) der Reihe nach von einer zuletzt gebildeten Entsorgungsmasche aus unbenutztem Fadenende (25) zu einer zuerst gebildeten Entsorgungsmasche aus unbenutztem Fadenende (21) fortschreitet. Strickverfahren zur Entsorgung eines unbenutzten Fadenendes (11, 13) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das zu entsorgende unbenutzte Fadenende (11, 13) das unbenutzte Fadenende (13) auf der Fadenauszugsseite ist, das beim Fadenauszug entsteht, und wobei der Schritt (b) der Reihe nach von einer zuerst gebildeten Entsorgungsmasche aus unbenutztem Fadenende (51) zu einer zuletzt gebildeten Entsorgungsmasche aus unbenutztem Fadenende (55) fortschreitet. Strickverfahren zur Entsorgung eines unbenutzten Fadenendes (11, 13) nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Strickware mit dem zu entsorgenden unbenutzten Fadenende (11, 13) eine schlauchförmige Strickware (1) ist, deren vorderes Gestrick (3) und hinteres Gestrick (5) an ihren beiden Enden ununterbrochen miteinander verbunden werden. Strickverfahren zur Entsorgung eines unbenutzten Fadenendes (11, 13) nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei, nachdem das eingeführte und/oder herausgezogene Strickgarn (15, 57) einem Knotenstricken unterzogen wird, um einen Basisendabschnitt des unbenutzten Fadenendes (11, 13) fest an den Strickwarenkörper zu knoten, die Entsorgungsmaschen aus unbenutztem Fadenende (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) der Reihe nach zu den Maschen (47, 49, 61, 63, 65) des Strickwarenkörpers bewegt und über diese gelegt werden.
Anspruch[en]
A knitting method for disposing an unused yam end (11, 13) produced in yarn-in and/or yarn-out of a knitting yam (15, 57) used in knitting a knitted fabric (1) by using a flat knitting machine having at least a pair of front and back needle beds, either or both of which are movable in a longitudinal direction thereof, the knitting method comprising: (a) the step that two or more unused-yarn-end disposal loops (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) are formed from the knitting yam (15, 57) introduced in and/or drawn out in knitting by using an empty needle (A, B, a, b, c) around an end side of a knitted fabric body; and (b) the step that the unused-yarn-end disposal loops (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) thus formed are moved and laid over loops (47, 49, 61, 63, 65) of the knitted fabric body, characterised in that the unused-yam-end disposal loops (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) are moved and laid in order, one each, to and over loops (47, 49, 61, 63, 65) of different courses of the knitted fabric body located at an end side thereof in knitting the next course of the knitted fabric body. The knitting method for disposing an unused yam end (11, 13) according to Claim 1, wherein the unused yam end (11, 13) to be disposed is the unused yarn end (11) on the yarn-in side produced in the yarn-in and wherein the step (b) proceeds in order of from a finally formed unused-yarn-end disposal loop (25) to a firstly formed unused-yarn-end disposal loop (21). The knitting method for disposing an unused yam end (11, 13) according to Claim 1, wherein the unused yam end (11, 13) to be disposed is the unused yam end (13) on the yarn-out side produced in the yarn-out and wherein the step (b) proceeds in order of from a firstly formed unused-yarn-end disposal loop (51) to a finally formed unused-yam-end disposal loop (55). The knitting method for disposing an unused yam end (11, 13) according to any one of Claims 1 to 3, wherein the knitted fabric having the unused yam end (11, 13) to be disposed is a tubular knitted fabric (1) whose front knitted fabric (3) and back knitted fabric (5) are continuously joined at both ends thereof. The knitting method for disposing an unused yam end (11, 13) according to any one of Claims 1 to 3, wherein after the knitting yam (15, 57) introduced in and/or drawn out is subjected to a knotting knitting to fixedly knot a basal end portion of the unused yarn end (11, 13) to the knitted fabric body, the unused-yarn-end disposal loops (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) are moved to and laid over the loops (47, 49, 61, 63, 65) of the knitted fabric body in order.
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé de tricotage pour mettre au rebut une extrémité de fil inutilisé (11, 13) produit dans l'entrée/ou dans la sortie du fil de tricot (15, 57) utilisé dans le tricotage d'un tissu tricoté (1) au moyen d'un métier à tricoter rectiligne possédant au moins deux fontures avant et arrière, dont l'une ou l'autre, ou chacune des deux, est mobile dans sa direction longitudinale, le procédé de tricotage comprenant : (a) l'étape consistant en ce qu'au moins deux boucles de mise au rebut d'extrémité de fil inutilisé (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) sont formées à partir du fil de tricot (15, 57) introduit et/ou extrait, par tricotage à l'aide d'une aiguille vide (A, B, a, b, c), en contournant un côté d'extrémité d'un corps de tissu tricoté ; et (b) l'étape consistant en ce que les boucles de mise au rebut d'extrémité de fil inutilisé (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) ainsi formées sont amenées à des boucles (47, 49, 61, 63, 65) du corps de tissu tricoté et posées par dessus ces boucles, caractérisé en ce que les boucles de mise au rebut d'extrémité fil inutilisé (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) sont amenées, à raison d'une pour chacune, dans l'ordre, à des boucles (47, 49, 61, 63, 65) de différentes rangées du corps de tissu tricoté situées à un côté d'extrémité de ce corps, et posées par dessus ces boucles, dans le tricotage de la rangée suivante du corps de tissu tricoté. Procédé de tricotage pour mettre au rebut une extrémité de fil inutilisé (11, 13) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'extrémité de fil inutilisé (11, 13) à mettre au rebut est l'extrémité de fil inutilisé (11) situé sur le côté d'entrée du fil, produit dans l'entrée du fil, et dans lequel l'étape (b) se déroule dans l'ordre allant d'une boucle (25) de mise au rebut d'extrémité de fil inutilisé formée en dernier lieu à une boucle de mise au rebut d'extrémité de fil inutilisé (21) formée en premier lieu. Procédé de tricotage pour mettre au rebut une extrémité de fil inutilisé (11, 13) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'extrémité de fil inutilisé (11, 13) à mettre au rebut est l'extrémité de fil inutilisé (13) situé sur le côté de sortie de fil, produit dans la sortie de fil, et dans lequel l'étape (b) se déroule dans l'ordre allant d'une boucle de mise au rebut d'extrémité de fil inutilisé formée en premier lieu (51) à une boucle de mise au rebut d'extrémité de fil inutilisé (55) formée en dernier lieu. Procédé de tricotage pour mettre au rebut une extrémité de fil inutilisé (11, 13) selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel le tissu tricoté comportant l'extrémité de fil inutilisé (11, 13) à mettre au rebut est un tissu tricoté tubulaire (1) dont le tissu tricoté avant (3) et le tissu tricoté arrière (5) sont réunis à leurs deux extrémités de façon continue. Procédé de tricotage pour mettre au rebut une extrémité de fil inutilisé (11, 13) selon une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel, après que le fil de tricot (15, 57) introduit et/ou extrait a été soumis à un tricotage à nouage pour nouer de façon bloquée une portion d'extrémité de base de l'extrémité de fil inutilisé (11, 13) au corps de tissu tricoté, les boucles de mise au rebut d'extrémité de fil inutilisé (21, 23, 25, 51, 53, 55) sont amenées aux boucles (47, 49, 61, 63, 65) du corps de tissu tricoté, et posées par dessus ces boucles, dans l'ordre.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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