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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1788365 05.07.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001788365
Titel KRAFTAUFNEHMER FÜR AUFZÜGE UND ÄHNLICHES
Anmelder Dinacell Electronica S.L., Madrid, ES
Erfinder GONZALEZ GALLEGOS, Rafael, E-28529 Rivas Vaciamadrid, ES
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 18.11.2004
EP-Aktenzeichen 047982426
WO-Anmeldetag 18.11.2004
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/ES2004/000515
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2006042875
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 27.04.2006
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 23.05.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 05.07.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse G01G 19/18(2006.01)A, F, I, 20070424, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse G01G 3/14(2006.01)A, L, I, 20070424, B, H, EP   G01L 5/10(2006.01)A, L, I, 20070424, B, H, EP   B66B 1/34(2006.01)A, L, I, 20070424, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]
Object of the Invention

The present invention relates to a load cell for elevators and the like providing new essential features and notable advantages with respect to the known and used means for the same purposes in the current state of the art.

More specifically, the invention proposes the development of a cell of the type used in operations for evaluating the magnitude of a load according to the deformation experienced due to the effect of the stress to which it is subjected and the transmission of this stress to the strain gages incorporated in predetermined positions of the cell body. The load cell proposed by the invention has been designed for its use in elevators or the like, and responds to a design pattern that has been especially devised for its use with planar suspension elements, configured in the form of a belt or the like, with a predetermined width.

The field of application of the invention is comprised within the industrial sector dedicated to the manufacture and/or installation of systems for weighing, detecting and/or evaluating loads in devices and apparatuses subjected to variable or fixed loads.

Background and Summary of the Invention

The tact that the safe operation of an elevator, hoist or the like is inexorably associated to a limitation of the weight carried by the car is generally known by everyone. One of the systems usually used for measuring the load in an elevator is based on the use of load cells, basically consisting of elements designed to be installed in predetermined locations of the support and bearing elements of those systems in which it is necessary to measure the magnitude of a load. A well known specific example in practice consists of the case in which the elevators and the hoists, used to carry persons or materials, in which the load cells are in charge of transmitting a signal derived from the stress, to which the latter are subjected, to the control devices, such that the control devices determine if the load that must be borne and/or carried is within the pre-established limits of course, the aforementioned practical example is only a specific application case and in no case does it intend to limit the application field, but to simply serve as an illustration with a view to facilitating the comprehension of the description which will be made below.

According to the known designs, load cells incorporate strain gages in predetermined positions which experience deformations derived from the result of the stress to which the cell is subjected, which is translated into an electric signal the magnitude of which depends, in each type of cell, of the stress affecting them. As stated previously, this electric signal, which is conveniently used and managed by the associated control means, serves to determine the magnitude of the stress and therefore know if it is within the established limits for the development of the operation with absolute normality and safety. The mentioned strain gages are usually and normally housed inside the cavities made for that purpose in the cell body in previously calculated positions according to the stress distribution provided for the cell, such that a correct and accurate operation of the assembly can be assured as much as possible.

When this type of load cells is applied to elevators or hoists, the positioning thereof is related to the support ropes or elements of the car the weight of which is to be controlled, such that the load variations experienced by such support elements can be directly acknowledged by the load cells. To that end, load cells are known in the current state of the art which are configured by way of a solid metallic body, with predetermined elastic features, a rectangular prismatic configuration, in one of the larger faces of which a hollowing has been carried out for locating and housing the strain gage in charge of transforming the elastic deformation experienced as a result of the load into an electric signal which is supplied to the measuring and control means, and the cell of which further has three elements by way of pivots or lugs projected orthogonally to said larger face, joined to the body in predetermined longitudinal positions, of which the central lug is not aligned with respect to the two end pivots or lugs, and between which the support rope in which it is assembled is passed, alternating the position in the successive lugs, to that end the latter arc configured with ring-shaped groves for a safe housing of said support rope. In this way, it is assured that the variation in the stress of the rope as a result of the variations of the load it supports, are directly transmitted to the cell body through the mentioned pivots or lugs and finally to the strain gage for generating the equally variable corresponding electric signal.

The type of load cell described above has a simple conception and allows a handling and assembly that are safe, simple and quick to carry out, being especially indicated for those cases in which the load is suspended by means of ropes. However, there is currently a tendency in several installations to the use of support elements which are not made in the form of ropes, but on the other hand are made in the form of planar belts with a predetermined width and thickness, made based on a flexible material the inside of which incorporates a metal core formed by several metallic filiform elements distributed through the width of the belt in positions separated from one another. The structural and dimensional features of these belts prevent the use of load cells of the type described previously because the latter are not only impossible to introduce in the ring-shaped recesses or grooves of the pivots or lugs of tha load cell, but are normally even wider than the length of the lugs themselves, therefore the coupling of the planar belt to the latter is not a stable and long-lasting application, and thus the use of this type of load cell is not possible in an application with a planar belt for supporting the load.

Considering the current need in the state of the art, the main aim of the present invention is to design and construct a modified, improved load cell that is especially indicated for its use with planar support elements, of the type of a belt or the like, by which effective and long-lasting solutions are provided for the problem set forth. This aim has been fully reached by means of the load cell that will be the object of the following description, the main features of which are gathered in the characterizing part of the following claim 1.

The cell proposed by the invention essentially consists of two separate, independent elements but constructed in a mutually attachable form, consisting of a real cell body and an outer casing, of which said cell body consists, in a manner similar to known cells, of a rectangular prismatic body which at one of its larger faces has a hollowing for housing a suitable strain gage for the detection of the deformation experienced by the cell due to the effect of the load and the generation of a proportional electric signal which is sent to the measuring and control means through a suitable cable, and from the larger face of which three orthogonally extended rods also project, located in predetermined positions along the length of the cell body and with a misalignment of the central rod with respect to the ends, with the peculiarity that said rods are not provided with any ring-shaped recess as occurs in those used currently, and they are further sized suitably for a correct coupling to the support belt, whereas the casing is generally prismatic, internally hollow and open at one of the larger sides for its coupling to the cell body, and provided in both smaller opposite sides with openings for the passage of the support belt to which the assembly is coupled. In the wall opposite to the open larger side, the formation at the inner face of respective projecting thickenings forming stops with respect to the side edge of the belt passing through its inside is foreseen, whereas in relation to both larger faces of the prism it has a recess extended to the entire height and intended to receive, house and safely retain the sides of the cell body.

Brief Description of the Drawings

These and other features and advantages of the invention will be more clearly shown in the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment, given only by way of an illustrative and non-limiting example, with reference to the attached drawings, in which:

  • Figures 1a and 1b show respectively front elevational and side elevational views of the cell body constructed according to the invention;
  • Figures 2a to 2e show side elevational, front elevational, rear elevational, upper plan and lower plan views of the outer casing;
  • Figure 3 shows a cross-section made by line III-III of Figure 2a;
  • Figure 4 shows a perspective view of the assembly of both elements forming the load cell of the invention, and
  • Figure 5 finally shows a representation of the assembly of the load cell of the invention in its operative state.

Description of a Preferred Embodiment

As indicated in the foregoing, the detailed description of the preferred embodiment of the invention will be carried out below with the aid of the attached drawings, through which the same reference numbers will be used to designate same or similar parts. As has been stated, the cell of the invention is formed by a cell body 1 and a casing 2, of which the cell body is made, like the cells of the current state of the art, from a solid metallic prismatic body, in one of the larger faces of which a portion 3 has been recessed for housing the corresponding strain gage which can be connected by means of a cable 4 with the external measuring and control means of the load according to the magnitude of the electric signal generated by said strain gage as a result of the deformation experienced by the body 1 when it is subjected to variable loads. According to the invention, the body 1 has been provided with three rods 5 having a smooth surface and not being provided with any recess or grove, joined thereto in predetermined positions, made of a metallic material, with pre-established dimensions and as is usual, they are distributed along the body 1 in longitudinally unaligned positions as can be seen in Figure 1a.

If the representations of Figure 2 (sub-figures 2a to 2e) are considered, the representation of a plurality of views related to the casing provided by the invention for its coupling to the cell body 1 when the assembly is in its operative condition can be seen. As is observed, the casing 2 is generally prismatic, internally hollow, open at one of the smaller side faces, closed at the opposite face and provided in both bases with openings 6a, 6b in correspondingly opposite positions. At the inner face of the closed smaller side wall, the formation of two projecting portions 7 extended transversely to almost the entire width of said face has been foreseen, whereas in the inside of both larger side faces, the formation of a recessed area 8 extended to the total height of said faces, next to the front edge thereof has been foreseen. These recessed areas 8 can be seen with more detail in the view shown in Figure 3, corresponding to a section taken by line TTT-TTT of Figure 2a, the dimensions of which coincide with the sides of the cell body 1, said areas 8 being intended to receive, house and retain said body in the condition of mutually coupled body and casing.

Figure 4 shows an exploded view of the assembly of the load cell of the invention, in which both elements of the body 1 and the casing 2 in a condition prior to their coupling can be seen, and which shows the belt 9 for supporting the load coupled to the rods 5 of said cell body. As has been stated, the figure shows the adaptation ability of the sizing of the rods to the width magnitude shown by the mentioned belt 9. The condition of complete coupling and therefore of assembled cell is shown in Figure 5, in which said body 1 is introduced inside casing 2 and housed in the recessed side areas 8 which have been made in the inner wall of both larger side walls of the casing 2. As will be understood, in these conditions, the projecting portions 7 form a stop for the inner side edge of the belt 9, preventing a longer longitudinal contact with the corresponding wall to avoid large stresses which may tend to the separation between the body 1 and the casing 2.

It is not considered necessary to extend the content of this description in order for a person skilled in the art to understand its scope and the advantages derived from the invention, as well as to develop and put the object thereof into practice.

Nevertheless, it must be understood that the invention has been described according to a preferred embodiment thereof, therefore it can be modified without this entailing any alteration of the essence of said invention, said modifications especially being able to affect the shape, size and/or materials for manufacturing the assembly or its parts.


Anspruch[en]
A load cell for elevators and the like, of the type adapting to the load support elements, particularly intended to transform the deformation variations experienced as a result of the variations of the applied load into electric signals with a suitable magnitude for their supply to the external measuring and control means, the cell being of the type including a metallic, elastic solid body, in which the formation of a hollowing for the incorporation of a strain gage is foreseen, and which consists of three elements in the form of pivots or lugs integral with the body, projected orthogonally in relation thereto and arranged in longitudinally unaligned positions, through which the support means to which the cell is coupled passes, passing in a successively alternating manner with respect to the mentioned pivots or lugs, the load cell being designed for its use in load devices supported by planar elements by way of belts or the like, characterized in that: in addition to the mentioned cell body (1), the load cell comprises a second element consisting of a closing casing (2) designed for its coupling with said body; the pivots or lugs for the adaptation to the support belt consist of rods (5) having a smooth surface and not being provided with grooves or any other recess, being sized such that they extend to the total width of the belt (9) to which they are adapted; the casing (2) is generally prismatic, open at one of the smaller side faces of access, provided with openings (6a, 6b) in both the lower and upper faces, sized to allow the passage of the support belt (9), and the mentioned casing being provided in the inner faces of both larger side walls, in the areas close to the open face of access, with a recessed area (8) at each side, sized according to the cell body (1) which it receives, houses and retains during the operative assembly condition of the cell. A load cell according to claim 1, characterized by the formation of projecting bosses (7) arranged transversely at the inner face of the smaller side wall opposite to the one of access and forming limiting stops for the inner side edge of the support belt (9) in the condition of mutually coupled casing (2) and body (1).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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