PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1307960 12.07.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001307960
Titel FREQUENZSYNTHESIZER
Anmelder Skyworks Solutions, Inc., Irvine, Calif., US
Erfinder RILEY, Thomas A.D., Osgoode, Ontario K0A 2W0, CA
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60128696
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 30.07.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 019562388
WO-Anmeldetag 30.07.2001
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/CA01/01093
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2002011278
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 07.02.2002
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 07.05.2003
EP date of grant 30.05.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 12.07.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse H03B 21/02(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to frequency synthesizers and more specifically, to frequency synthesizers which produce an output frequency higher than the input frequency.

Background of the Invention

In digital communications systems, it is often necessary to provide a clock signal with a frequency different from that of the available reference signal. This necessity may require independent crystal oscillators if both frequency sources need to be spectrally pure. However, independent crystal oscillators increase the cost of the equipment and can cause problems if the crystal oscillators drift differently with age and temperature.

One approach to solving the above problem of different required frequencies is to synthesize a signal with a high frequency from a reference signal having a reference frequency.

Using well known phase locked loop (PLL) techniques, this high frequency is generated and is then divided into a lower desired frequency. Typically, the reference frequency is multiplied by an integer factor N to produce the high frequency and then divided by another integer factor M to obtain the desired frequency. This method works well if the desired frequency is a convenient ratio of the reference frequency such as 1/2, 3/2, or 5/6. However, if the desired frequency is not a convenient ratio of the reference frequency, this method can prove cumbersome. For example, if the desired frequency is 12 MHz and the reference frequency is 19.68 MHz, the reference frequency must be multiplied by N=25 and the resulting frequency must be divided by M=41. The very high frequency generated in this example would result in higher power consumption for integrated circuits.

An alternative approach is to divide the reference frequency and then multiply the divided frequency to obtain the desired frequency. However, this method has a significant drawback in that phase noise is multiplied along with the divided frequency.

US Patent 3,976,945 provides yet another alternative. This patent discloses performing a non integer division of the input signal to obtain an output signal with the desired frequency. However, in this case the output frequency must necessarily be less than the input frequency. If the desired frequency were higher than the input frequency, this method would not be applicable.

The document US 5 889 436 describes a phase-locked loop (PLL) frequency synthesizer wich incorporates a fractional pulse swallowing circuit. The PLL uses a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) formed of a ring oscillator. The outputs of the stages of the ring oscillator are applied to input terminals of a multiplexer. The multiplexer is controlled at certain times to output a different tapped signal from the ring oscillator to effectively adjust the phase of a signal output from the multiplexer. By so controlling the multiplexer, fractional pulses are subtracted or added at intervals to either increase or decrease the average frequency of the signal output from the multiplexer. The output of the pulse swallower, and not the VCO, provides the feedback signal for the phase detector (figures 8,10,12).

Accordingly, there is a need for a method and an apparatus which can provide a desired output frequency higher than the input frequency without the power consumption and phase noise of the above methods.

Summary of the Invention

The present invention provides a method and apparatus which provides a signal with an output frequency higher than an input frequency. A phase generator generates multiple phase signals from the input signal with each phase signal having the same frequency as the input signal but being out of phase with the input signal by multiples of a set time interval. These phase signals are transmitted to a multiplexer. The multiplexer output is determined by a select word generated by an accumulator from a stored value. The accumulator is clocked by the multiplexer output and the accumulator adds a control word with a set value to the stored value in the accumulator. This addition is accomplished at every cycle of the multiplexer output. By judiciously choosing control word and the time interval between phases, frequencies higher that the input frequency can be generated at the multiplexer output.

In a first embodiment, the present invention provides a frequency synthesizer for producing an output signal with an output frequency higher than an input frequency, the synthesizer comprising:

  • a multiphase reference generator generating a plurality of phase signals having a reference frequency;
  • a multiplexer coupled to receive the plurality of phase signals, the multiplexer having a multiplexer output signal based on at least one of the plurality of phase signals; and
  • a phase selector coupled to receive the multiplexer output signal, the phase selector having a selector output which selects the multiplexer output signal;

    wherein
  • each phase signal is out of phase with the other phase signal by a multiple of a predetermined time interval,
  • the selector output is received by the multiplexer means and
the multiplexer output is the output signal.

In a second embodiment, the present invention provides a frequency synthesizer comprising:

  • a phase generator coupled to receive an input signal having a reference frequency and generating a plurality of phase signals having a frequency substantially equal to a reference frequency, each phase signal being out of phase with the input signal by a multiple of a predetermined time interval,
  • a multiplexer means coupled to receive the plurality of phase signals and producing a multiplexer output,
  • a phase selector clocked by the multiplexer output and producing a selector output transmitted to the multiplexer means and
  • a predetermined control word transmitted to the phase selector, the control word being added by the phase selector to a stored value on every cycle of the multiplexer output

    wherein
  • the multiplexer output is selected by the selector output and is based on at least one of the plurality of phase signals and
  • each successive multiplexer output leads its predecessor by a multiple of the predetermined time interval.

In a third embodiment, the present invention provides a method of synthesizing an output signal with an output frequency higher than a reference frequency from a plurality of phase signals having the reference frequency with each phase signal being out of phase with adjacent phase signals by a multiple of a predetermined time interval, the method comprising:

  1. a) generating a select word from a stored value,
  2. b) selecting a selected phase signal from the plurality of phase signals based on at least a portion of the select word,
  3. c) generating an output signal from said selected phase signal,
  4. d) repeating steps a) to c) for every cycle of the output signal.

Description of the Figures

A better understanding of the invention may be obtained by reading the detailed description of the invention below, in conjunction with the following drawings, in which:

  • Figure 1 is a block diagram of a frequency synthesizer in accordance with the present invention;
  • Figure 2 is a block diagram of a first embodiment of the invention.
  • Figure 3 is a block diagram of a specific implementation of the embodiment illustrated in Fig 2.
  • Figure 4 is a timing diagram for the sixteen phase signals used in the embodiment in Figure 3;
  • Figure 5 is a block diagram of a second embodiment of the invention.

Description of the Preferred Embodiment

Referring to Figure 1, there is shown a block diagram of a frequency synthesizer5. A multiphase reference generator 10 generates multiple phases 30 of a signal.with a reference frequency. These multiple phase signals 30 are sent to a multiplexer 40. The output 50 of the multiplexer 40 serves as both the output signal and as the clock of a phase selector 60. The phase selector 60 receives a control word 70 at port IN. A portion of the selector output 80 of the phase selector 60 is used as a SELECT signal for the multiplexer 40. The SELECT signal is used to select which one of the multiple phase signals 30 is used as the output 50 of the multiplexer 40.

Referring to Figures 2 and 3, a specific embodiment of the invention is illustrated. In this embodiment, the multi-phase reference generator is comprised of a reference signal 90 being sent to a phase generator 100. The phase generator 100 generates multiple phase signals 30 from the reference signal 90 and the multiple phase signals 30 are sent to the multiplexer 40. The input signal 90 has a reference frequency of 19.86 MHz and the phase generator 100 generates 16 phase signals 30A-30P. (see Figure 3) These phase signals are sent to a 16:1 multiplexer, (MUX) 40A. The 16:1 MUX 40A selects one of the its sixteen phase signals 30A-30P based on the input to select port 42. The numbers in the block 40A refer to the select values required at the select port 42 to select the phase signal. Thus, to select OUT11 (phase signal 30F), a binary value of 101 (decimal value 5) must be inputted to the select port 42. The MUX 40A output 50 is used to clock a 20 bit accumulator 60A which serves as the phase selector 60. The accumulator 60A is fed a control word 70 which the accumulator 60A adds to a stored value on every cycle of the MUX output 50.

The input to the select port 42 is a portion of the selector output 80. In this case the 4 most significant bits (MSB) of the selector output 80 serves as the select word 110 sent to select port 42.

The selector output 80 is the binary value of the stored value in the accumulator 60A, a binary digital accumulator. Thus, if the selector output 80 has a decimal value of 9001 and the control word 70 has a decimal value of 10, on the next cycle of the MUX output 50 the selector output 80 becomes 9001+10=9011 (decimal value) as the control word is added to the stored value, thereby changing the selector output 80. In other words, the accumulator adds a control word X to a stored value Y0 to produce a new stored value Y1 on each cycle of the selected phase signal (any one of 30A-30P). So, for every cycle of the selected phase signal, a new stored value Y1 is determined by Y 1 = X + Y 0

where Y0 is the previous stored value. When the accumulator 60A overflows, it produces a stored value Y 1 = X + Y 0 - K

where K is the maximum value which the accumulator can store. If the control word X is negative, then the new stored value becomes Y 1 = X + Y 0 + K This is how most currently known binary digital accumulators handle overflow. It should be noted that, by varying the control word X, the frequency of the output signal 50 can be varied. Thus, the value of the control word X effectively controls the frequency of the output signal 50.

Regarding the phase generator 100, the phase signals 30A-30P it produces all have the same frequency as the input or reference signal 90. However, each phase signal 30A-30P is out of phase with the reference signal 90 by a time value which is a multiple of a set time interval. For this example, the set time interval is 1 16 x 19.86 M H z = 3.176 n s . Thus, OUT1 in Figure 2 would be 3.176ns later than the reference signal, OUT2 would be 3.176ns x 2 later than the reference signal and 3.176ns later than OUT1. To best illustrate this, Figure 4 shows the timing diagrams of the phase signal OUT1-OUT16 along with the reference signal REF. It should be noted that in Figure 4, each division in the time axis (horizontal axis) represents 3.176 ns.

From the above, the required set time interval between phase signals for a given number of phase signals and reference frequency can be generalized to be: Set Time Interval = 1 ( number of phase signals ) x réference frequency

The phase generator 100 can be a multiple stage Johnson counter - in this case it would be an 8 stage Johnson counter. The phase generator 100 can also be a delay lock loop (DLL) circuit. Alternatively, the multiple phase signals can be generated by a ring oscillator.

To assure trouble free operation and to obtain higher output frequencies, the phase selector 60 (as embodied by the accumulator 60A) should select progressively earlier phase signals rather than progressively later phase signals. This means that each successive phase signal should lead its predecessor phase signal by a multiple of the set time interval. This provides a shorter cycle time for the MUX output 50 than the input or reference signal, thereby obtaining a higher frequency.

To best illustrate the workings of the synthesizer, the following example is provided:

The output frequency of the synthesizer is given by f out = f ref 1 - x 2 n

where fout is the output frequency, fref is the frequency of the 16 phase reference, X is the control word controlling the accumulator and n is the number of bits in the accumulator. For a 20 bit accumulator with a 24 MHz selected output frequency and a 19.68 MHz reference frequency, the correct value of X is, from Equation 6, 188744. For example, if the initial state of the accumulator, Y, is 0, then the subsequent states resulting from subsequent cycles of the selected output will be, using Equation 1, 188744, 377488, 566232, 754976 and 943720. On the next selected output cycle, the accumulator will overflow giving, from Equation 2, 11322464-220=83888 (decimal).

The four MSBs of these accumulator states form the numbers 0 for the initial state then, 2, 5, 8, 11, 14. After the overflow, the four MSBs form the number 1. This output sequence should in turn select OUT16, as the initial phase, then OUT14, OUT11, OUT8, OUT5, OUT2, and after the overflow, OUT15. These results are summarized in Table 1 below: Table 1 Previous Accumulator State (Y0 in decimal) Current Accumulator State (Y1 in decimal) 4 MSBs of Current Accumulator State (Y1) in binary 4 MSBs of Current Accumulator State (Y1) in decimal Phase Chosen - 0 0000 0 OUT16 0 188744 0010 2 OUT14 188744 377488 0101 5 OUT11 377488 566232 1000 8 OUT8 566232 754976 1011 11 OUT5 754976 943720 1110 14 OUT2 943720 83888 0001 1 OUT15

Although the long term accuracy of the synthesizer is limited only by the accuracy of the reference and the number of bits in the accumulator, the synthesizer will have a periodic jitter whose amplitude will be at least one-half the time interval between phase signals. Increasing the number of phase signals will reduce this time interval. The error is slightly more than one-half the time interval between phases because the interval between phases will not be exactly the same once imperfections in the delay elements are taken into account. These delay elements form the multiphase reference for producing the different phase signals and can be a Johnson counter, frequency divider, or a ring oscillator.

It should be noted that the parameters of the embodiments described above can be extended. Specifically, the number of phase signals is not constrained to 16. If the number of phase signals to choose from can be extended to a number which is a higher power of 2 (i.e. 32, 64, etc.), then the accumulator need not be changed. It is apparent that the multiplexer would have to be capable of handling the number of phase signals available. Also, instead of only using the 4 MSBs of the selector output 80, more bits would have to be included in the select word.

However, while the above contemplates using a number of phase signals which is an even power of 2, the design can be further extended to phase signals which are not an even power of 2. As an example, if the number of phase signals was 20, two possible routes can be taken to implement the invention. Specifically, the accumulator can be designed to overflow at a multiple of 20 where the multiple is a "round" binary number such as 2, 4, 8 etc. The 5 MSBs can then be used to select one of the 20 phase signals. The 5 MSBs could be constrained to be in the range from 0 to 19 by suitable logic gating.

It should also be noted that the phase generator and the phase selector need not be completely separate. Figure 5 illustrates an embodiment which uses 64 phase signals but does not require that all 64 phase signals be generated. The 64 phase signals are derived from only 16 phase signals.

In the embodiment of Figure 5, the multiplexer comprises a 16 x 2 multiplexer 40B and a blender/interpolator circuit 40C. The 16 x 2 multiplexer 40B selects two of the 16 phase signals based on a portion of the select word 110. The blender/interpolator circuit 40C is a 4 phase to 1 phase interpolator circuit which can generate specific delays between its inputs. The phase generator 100 and the accumulator 60A remain the same as shown in Figures 2 and 3. However, instead of only using the 4 MSBs of the selector output 80 as the select word 110,6 MSBs are used. The added 2 MSBs are used to control the blender/interpolator circuit 40C.

In Figure 5, rather than selecting a single phase signal, two adjacent phase signals are selected by the four MSBs (bits 19 to 16) of the selector output 60A. These two selected phase signals are then blended or interpolated to produce a phase signal (the MUX output) with some fixed delay plus an additional variable delay that is a portion of the delay between the two selected phase signals. The variable delay is controlled by the two LSBs (bits 15 and 14) of the six MSBs (bits 19 to 14) of the accumulator output 80.

It is important to have the control of the blending circuit 40B provide the same result as if the six bit select sort were directly controlling a 64 phase reference. To provide this result, with the four bit select word values of 0 to 15 (of bits 19-16) selecting phases OUT1 to OUT16 respectively, the 2 bit select word values of 0 to 3 (of bits 15-14) should respectively select increasing variable delays.

A person understanding the above-described invention may now conceive of alternative designs, using the principles described herein. All such designs which fall within the scope of the claims appended hereto are considered to be part of the present invention.


Anspruch[de]
Frequenzsynthesizer zum Erzeugen eines Ausgangssignals (50) auf Basis eines Eingangssignals (40) mit einer Eingangsfrequenz, wobei das Ausgangssignal (50) eine Ausgangsfrequenz hat, die höher ist als die Eingangsfrequenz, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Synthesizer umfasst: einen Multiphasenreferenzgenerator (10) mit einem Phasengenerator (100) zum Erzeugen einer Vielzahl von Phasensignalen (30) aus dem Eingangssignal, wobei jedes Phasensignal eine zur Eingangsfrequenz im Wesentlichen gleiche Frequenz hat und jedes Phasensignal um ein Vielfaches eines vorgegebenen Zeitintervalls außer Phase zu den anderen Phasensignalen ist; einen Multiplexer (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) zum Empfangen der Vielzahl von Phasensignalen (30), Auswählen von mindestens einem aus der Vielzahl der Phasensignale (30) und Erzeugen eines Multiplexer-Ausgangssignals (50) auf Basis des mindestens einen aus der Vielzahl der Phasensignalen (30); und einen vom Multiplexer-Ausgangssignal (50) getakteten Phasenselektor (60, 60A), wobei der Phasenselektor (60, 60A) ein Phasenauswahl-Ausgangssignal (80) auf Basis eines vorgegebenen Steuerworts (70) erzeugt, und das vorgegebene Steuerwort (70) bei jedem Takt des Multiplexer-Ausgangs (50) vom Phasenselektor (60) zu einem gespeicherten Wert hinzuaddiert wird; wobei das Phasenselektor-Ausgangssignal (80) mit dem Multiplexer (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) wirkverbunden ist, und das Multiplexer-Ausgangssignal (50) das Frequenzsynthesizer-Ausgangssignal ist. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 1, weiter umfassend ein Mittel zum Auswählen eines Teils des mit dem Multiplexer (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) wirkverbundenen Phasenselektor-Ausgangssignals (80). Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 2, wobei das eine aus der Vielzahl von Phasensignalen (30) durch das Phasenselektor-Ausgangssignal (80) beim Auftreten einer steigenden Flanke des Multiplexerausgangs als das Multiplexer-Ausgangssignal (50) ausgewählt wird. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 2, wobei das eine aus der Vielzahl von Phasensignalen (30) durch das Phasenselektor-Ausgangssignal (80) beim Auftreten einer fallenden Flanke des Multiplexerausgangs als das Multiplexer-Ausgangssignal (50) ausgewählt wird. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 3 oder 4, wobei jedes vom Phasenselektor-Ausgangssignal (80) ausgewählte nachfolgende Phasensignal einem vorangehenden Phasensignal um ein Vielfaches des vorherbestimmten Zeitintervalls vorangeht. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Phasengenerator (100) aus einer Gruppe ausgewählt ist, die einen Ringoszillator, eine Johnson-ZählerSchaltung und eine zeitverzögerungsverriegelte Schleifenschaltung, also eine sogenannte Delay Locked Loop, umfasst. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 1, wobei das vorgegebene Steuerwort (70) ein vorgegebenes binäres Wort ist. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Phasenselektor (60) ein binärer digitalen Akkumulator (60A) mit einem Takteingang, einem Akkumulatoreingang und einem Akkumulatorausgang ist, wobei das vorgegebene Steuerwort (70) mit dem Akkumulatoreingang, das Multiplexer-Ausgangssignal (50) mit dem Takteingang, und der Akkumulatorausgang mit dem Phasenselektor-Ausgangssignal (80) wirkverbunden ist. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 8, wobei der binäre digitale Akkumulator (60A) bei jedem Takt des Multiplexer-Ausgangssignals (50) das vorgegebene binäre Wort zu einem binär gespeicherten Wert hinzuaddiert, und wobei der binär gespeicherte Wert der Akkumulatorausgang ist. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Phasenselektor-Ausgangssignal (80) als ein Auswahlwort (110) an die Mittel zum Auswählen des Teils der Vielzahl der Phasensignale (30) übermittelt wird. Frequenzsynthesizer nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 2 und 5 bis 9, wobei der Multiplexer (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) Mittel (40B) zum Auswählen von mindestens zwei aus der Vielzahl von Phasensignalen und Mittel (40C) zum Mischen/Interpolieren der mindestens zwei aus der Vielzahl der Phasensignale in das Multiplexer-Ausgangssignal (50) enthält. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 11, wobei das Phasenselektor-Ausgangssignal (80) als Auswahlwort (110) an den Multiplexer übermittelt wird. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 12, wobei die mindestens zwei ausgewählten Phasensignale auf Basis eines Teils eines Auswahlworts (110) ausgewählt werden. Frequenzsynthesizer nach Anspruch 13, wobei das Multiplexer-Ausgangssignal (50) eine variable Verzögerung enthält, welche durch eine Verzögerung zwischen den ausgewählten Phasensignalen und einem ersten Teil des Auswahlwortes bestimmt wird. Frequenzsynthesizer zum Erzeugen eines Ausgangssignals (50) auf Basis eines Eingangssignals (90), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Frequenzsynthesizer umfasst: einen Phasengenerator (100) zum Empfangen des Eingangssignals (90) mit einer Referenzfrequenz und Erzeugen einer Vielzahl von Phasensignalen (30) mit einer Frequenz, die im Wesentlichen der Referenzfrequenz gleicht, wobei jedes Phasensignal um ein Vielfaches eines vorgegebenen Zeitintervalls außer Phase mit dem Eingangssignal (90) ist; einen Multiplexer (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) zum Empfangen der Vielzahl von Phasensignalen (30) und Auswählen eines aus der Vielzahl von Phasensignalen (30) als ein Multiplexer-Ausgangssignal (50); einen binären digitalen Akkumulator (60A) mit einem Takteingang, einem Akkumulatoreingang und einem Akkumulatorausgang, wobei das Multiplexer-Ausgangssignal (50) mit dem Takteingang wirkverbunden ist; und einem Speichermittel (70) zum Speichern eines vorgegebenen Steuerworts, das Speichermittel (70) ist mit dem Akkumulatoreingang wirkverbunden, wobei

das vorherbestimmte Steuerwort durch den binären digital Akkumulator (60A) bei jedem Takt des Multiplexerausgangs (50) zu einem gespeicherten Wert hinzuaddiert wird,

der Multiplexerausgang (50) durch einen Selektorausgang (110) ausgewählt wird und auf mindestens einem der Vielzahl von Phasensignalen basiert, und

jeder nachfolgende Multiplexerausgang seinem Vorgänger um ein Vielfaches des vorherbestimmten Zeitintervalls vorausgeht.
Verfahren zum Synthetisieren eines Ausgangssignals (50) auf Basis eines Eingangsignals (90) mit einer Eingangsfrequenz, das Ausgangsignal (50) hat eine Ausgangsfrequenz, die höher als die Eingangsfrequenz ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren die Schritte umfasst: (a) Erzeugen einer Vielzahl von Phasensignalen (30) aus dem Eingangssignal (90), (b) Auswählen eines aus der Vielzahl von Phasensignalen (30) als ausgewähltes Phasensignal; (c) Erzeugen des Ausgangssignals (50) aus dem ausgewählten Phasensignal; (d) Addieren eines vorgegebenen Steuerworts (70) zu einem gespeicherten Wert zur Erzeugung eines Auswahlsignals auf Basis des ausgewählten Phasensignals; (e) Auswählen eines aus der Vielzahl von Phasensignalen (30) als das ausgewählte Phasensignal auf Basis von mindestens einem Teil des Auswahlsignals (110); (f) Wiederholen der Schritte (c) bis (e) für jeden Takt des Ausgangssignals. Verfahren nach Anspruch 16, wobei jedes nachfolgende Ausgangssignal seinem Vorgänger um ein Vielfaches des vorgegebenen Zeitintervalls vorangeht. Verfahren nach Anspruch 17, wobei Schritt (b) das Auswählen (40B) von mindestens zwei Phasensignalen aus der Vielzahl von Phasensignalen auf Basis von mindestens einem Teil des Auswahlworts (110) enthält, und wobei Schritt (c) das Mischen (40C) der mindestens zwei ausgewählten Phasensignale zur Erzeugung des Ausgangssignals enthält.
Anspruch[en]
A frequency synthesizer for producing an output signal (50) based on an input signal (90) having an input frequency, the output signal (50) having an output frequency higher than the input frequency, characterized in that the synthesizer comprises: a multiphase reference generator (10) having a phase generator (100) for generating a plurality of phase signals (30) from the input signal, each phase signal having a frequency substantially equal to the input frequency, and each phase signal being out of phase with the other phase signals by a multiple of a predetermined time interval; a multiplexer (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) for receiving the plurality of phase signals (30), selecting at least one of the plurality of phase signals (30) and generating a multiplexer output signal (50) based on the at least one of the plurality of phase signals (30); and a phase selector (60, 60A) clocked by the multiplexer output signal (50), the phase selector (60, 60A) generating a phase selector output signal (80) based on a predetermined control word (70), the predetermined control word (70) being added by the phase selector (60) to a stored value on every cycle of the multiplexer output signal (50); wherein the phase selector output signal (80) is operatively coupled to the multiplexer (40, 40A, 40B, 40C), and the multiplexer output signal (50) is the frequency synthesizer output signal. The frequency synthesizer as in claim 1, further comprising a means for selecting a portion of the phase selector output signal (80) operatively coupled to the multiplexer (40, 40A, 40B, 40C). The frequency synthesizer as in claim 2, wherein the one of the plurality of phase signals (30) is selected as the multiplexer output signal (50) by the phase selector output signal (80) on the occurrence of a rising edge of the multiplexer output. The frequency synthesizer as in claim 2, wherein the one of the plurality of phase signals (30) is selected as the multiplexer output signal (50) by the phase selector output signal (80) on the occurrence of a falling edge of the multiplexer output. The frequency synthesizer as in claim 3 or 4, wherein each successive phase signal selected by the phase selector output signal (80) leads a preceding phase signal by a multiple of the predetermined time interval. The frequency synthesizer as in claim 2, wherein the phase generator (100) is chosen from the group comprising: a ring oscillator, a Johnson counter circuit, and a delay locked loop circuit. The frequency synthesizer as in claim 1, wherein the predetermined control word (70) is a predetermined binary word. The frequency synthesizer as in claim 2, wherein the phase selector (60) is a binary digital accumulator (60A) having a clock input, an accumulator input, and an accumulator output, wherein the predetermined control word (70) is operatively coupled to the accumulator input, wherein the multiplexer output signal (50) is operatively coupled to the clock input, and wherein the accumulator output is operatively coupled to the phase selector output signal (80). The frequency synthesizer as in claim 8, wherein the binary digital accumulator (60A) adds the predetermined binary word to a binary stored value on each cycle of the multiplexer output signal (50), and wherein the binary stored value is the accumulator output. The frequency synthesizer as in claim 9, wherein the phase selector output signal (80) is transmitted to the means for selecting the portion of the plurality of phase signals (30) as a select word (110). The frequency synthesizer as in any one of claims 1-2 and 5-9, wherein the multiplexer (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) includes means (40B) for selecting at least two of the plurality of phase signals, and means (40C) for blending/interpolating the at least two of the plurality of phase signals into the multiplexer output signal (50). The frequency synthesizer as in claim 11, wherein the phase selector output signal (80) is transmitted to the multiplexer as a select word (110). The frequency synthesizer as in claim 12, wherein the at least two selected phase signals are selected based on a portion of a select word (110). The frequency synthesizer as in claim 13, wherein the multiplexer output signal (50) includes a variable delay determined by a delay between the selected phase signals and a first portion of the select word. A frequency synthesizer for producing an output signal (50) based on an input signal (90), characterized in that the frequency synthesizer comprises: a phase generator (100) for receiving the input signal (90) having a reference frequency and generating a plurality of phase signals (30) having a frequency substantially equal to the reference frequency, each phase signal being out of phase with the input signal (90) by a multiple of a predetermined time interval; a multiplexer (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) for receiving the plurality of phase signals (30), and selecting one of the plurality of phase signals (30) as a multiplexer output signal (50); a binary digital accumulator (60A) having a clock input, an accumulator input and an accumulator output, the multiplexer output signal (50) being operatively coupled to the clock input; and a storage means (70) for storing a predetermined control word, the storage means (70) being operatively connected to the accumulator input, wherein

the predetermined control word is added by the binary digital accumulator (60A) to a stored value on every cycle of the multiplexer output (50),

the multiplexer output (50) is selected by a selector output (110) and is based on at least one of the plurality of phase signals, and

each successive multiplexer output leads its predecessor by a multiple of the predetermined time interval.
A method of synthesizing an output signal (50) based on an input signal (90) having an input frequency, the output signal (50) having an output frequency higher than the input frequency, characterizied in that the method comprises the steps of: (a) generating a plurality of phase signals (30) from the input signal (90); (b) selecting one of the plurality of phase signals (30) as a selected phase signal; (c) generating the output signal (50) from the selected phase signal; (d) adding a predetermined control word (70) to a stored value to generate a select signal based on the selected phase signal; (e) selecting one of the plurality of phase signals (30) as the selected phase signal based on at least a portion of the select signal (110); (f) repeating steps (c) to (e) for every cycle of the output signal. The method as claimed in claim 16, wherein each successive output signal leads its predecessor by a multiple of the predetermined time interval. The method as in claim 17 wherein step (b) includes selecting (40B) at least two phase signals from the plurality of phase signals based on at least a portion of the select word (110), and wherein step (c) includes blending (40C) the at least two selected phase signals to generate the output signal.
Anspruch[fr]
Synthétiseur de fréquences pour produire un signal de sortie (50) en se basant sur un signal d'entrée (90) ayant une fréquence d'entrée, le signal de sortie (50) ayant une fréquence de sortie plus élevée que la fréquence d'entrée, caractérisé en ce que le synthétiseur comprend : un générateur de référence multiphase (10) ayant un générateur de phase (100) pour générer une pluralité de signaux de phase (30) à partir du signal d'entrée, chaque signal de phase ayant une fréquence sensiblement égale à la fréquence d'entrée, et chaque signal de phase étant déphasé des autres signaux de phase d'un multiple d'un intervalle de temps prédéterminé ; un multiplexeur (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) pour recevoir la pluralité de signaux de phase (30), sélectionner au moins un signal de la pluralité des signaux de phase (30) et générer un signal de sortie de multiplexeur (50) en se basant sur l'au moins un signal de la pluralité de signaux de phase (30) ; et un sélecteur de phase (60, 60A) rythmé par le signal de sortie du multiplexeur (50), le sélecteur de phase (60, 60A) générant un signal de sortie du sélecteur de phase (80) en se basant sur un mot de contrôle prédéterminé (70), le mot de contrôle prédéterminé (70) étant ajouté par le sélecteur de phase (60) à une valeur stockée sur chaque cycle du signal de sortie du multiplexeur (50) ; dans lequel le signal de sortie du sélecteur de phase (80) est couplé de manière opérationnelle au multiplexeur (40, 40A, 40B, 40C), et le signal de sortie du multiplexeur (50) est le signal de sortie du synthétiseur de fréquences. Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un moyen pour sélectionner une partie du signal de sortie du sélecteur de phase (80) couplé de manière opérationnelle au multiplexeur (40, 40A, 40B, 40C). Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le signal de la pluralité de signaux de phase (30) est sélectionné comme signal de sortie de multiplexeur (50) par le signal de sortie du sélecteur de phase (80) à l'occurrence d'un front montant de la sortie du multiplexeur. Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le signal de la pluralité de signaux de phase (30) est sélectionné comme signal de sortie de multiplexeur (50) par le signal de sortie du sélecteur de phase (80) à l'occurrence d'un front descendant de la sortie du multiplexeur. Synthétiseur de fréquences selon les revendications 3 ou 4, dans lequel chaque signal de phase successif sélectionné par le signal de sortie du sélecteur de phase (80) devance un signal de phase précédent d'un multiple de l'intervalle de temps prédéterminé Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le générateur de phase (100) est choisi dans le groupe comprenant: un oscillateur en anneau, un circuit de comptage Johnson et un circuit de boucle de verrouillage à retard. Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le mot de contrôle prédéterminé (70) est un mot binaire prédéterminé. Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le sélecteur de phase (60) est un accumulateur numérique binaire (60A) ayant une entrée d'horloge, une entrée d'accumulateur et une sortie d'accumulateur, dans lequel le mot de contrôle prédéterminé (70) est couplé de manière opérationnelle à l'entrée de l'accumulateur, dans lequel le signal de sortie du multiplexeur (50) est couplé de manière opérationnelle à l'entrée d'horloge, et dans lequel la sortie de l'accumulateur est couplée de manière opérationnelle au signal de sortie de sélecteur de phase (80). Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'accumulateur numérique binaire (60A) ajoute le mot binaire prédéterminé à une valeur stockée binaire sur chaque cycle du signal de sortie du multiplexeur (50), et dans lequel la valeur stockée binaire est la sortie de l'accumulateur. Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le signal de sortie du sélecteur de phase (80) est transmis au moyen pour sélectionner la partie de la pluralité de signaux de phase (30) comme mot de sélection (110). Synthétiseur de fréquences selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 2 et 5 à 9, dans lequel le multiplexeur (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) comprend un moyen (40B) pour sélectionner au moins deux signaux de la pluralité des signaux de phase, et un moyen (40C) pour mélanger/interpoler les au moins deux signaux de la pluralité de signaux de phase en le signal de sortie du multiplexeur (50). Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 11, dans lequel le signal de sortie du sélecteur de phase (80) est transmis au multiplexeur comme mot de sélection (110). Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 12, dans lequel les au moins deux signaux de phase sélectionnés sont sélectionnés en se basant sur une partie d'un mot de sélection (110). Synthétiseur de fréquences selon la revendication 13, dans lequel le signal de sortie du multiplexeur (50) comprend un retard variable déterminé par un retard entre les signaux de phase sélectionnés et une première partie du mot de sélection. Synthétiseur de fréquences pour produire un signal de sortie (50) basé sur un signal d'entrée (90), caractérisé en ce que le synthétiseur de fréquences comprend: un générateur de phase (100) pour recevoir le signal d'entrée (90) ayant une fréquence de référence et générant une pluralité de signaux de phase (30) ayant une fréquence sensiblement égale à la fréquence de référence, chaque signal de phase étant déphasé du signal d'entrée (90) d'un multiple d'un intervalle de temps prédéterminé ; un multiplexeur (40, 40A, 40B, 40C) pour recevoir la pluralité de signaux de phase (30), et sélectionner un signal de la pluralité des signaux de phase (30) comme signal de sortie du multiplexeur (50) ; un accumulateur numérique binaire (60A) ayant une entrée d'horloge, une entrée d'accumulateur et une sortie d'accumulateur, le signal de sortie du multiplexeur (50) étant couplé de manière opérationnelle à l'entrée d'horloge ; et un moyen de stockage (70) pour stocker un mot de contrôle prédéterminé, le moyen de stockage (70) étant connecté de manière opérationnelle à l'entrée de l'accumulateur, dans lequel le mot de contrôle prédéterminé est ajouté par l'accumulateur numérique binaire (60A) à une valeur stockée sur chaque cycle de la sortie du multiplexeur (50), la sortie du multiplexeur (50) est sélectionnée par une sortie de sélecteur (110) et est basée sur au moins un signal de la pluralité des signaux de phase, et chaque sortie successive de multiplexeur devance la précédente d'un multiple de l'intervalle de temps prédéterminé. Procédé de synthèse d'un signal de sortie (50) basé sur un signal d'entrée (90) ayant une fréquence d'entrée, le signal de sortie (50) ayant une fréquence de sortie plus élevée que la fréquence d'entrée, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend les étapes consistant à : (a) générer une pluralité de signaux de phase (30) à partir du signal d'entrée (90) ; (b) sélectionner un signal de la pluralité de signaux de phase (30) comme signal de phase sélectionné ; (c) générer le signal de sortie (50) à partir du signal de phase sélectionné ; (d) ajouter un mot de contrôle prédéterminé (70) à une valeur stockée pour générer un signal de sélection basé sur le signal de phase sélectionné ; (e) sélectionner un signal de la pluralité de signaux de phase (30) comme signal de phase sélectionné basé sur au moins une partie du signal sélectionné (110) ; (f) répéter les étapes (c) à (e) pour chaque cycle du signal de sortie. Procédé selon la revendication 16, dans lequel chaque signal de sortie successif devance son prédécesseur d'un multiple de l'intervalle de temps prédéterminé. Procédé selon la revendication 17, dans lequel l'étape (b) comprend de sélectionner (40B) au moins deux signaux de phase de la pluralité de signaux de phase en se basant sur au moins une partie du mot de sélection (110), et dans lequel l'étape (c) comprend de mélanger (40C) les au moins deux signaux de phase sélectionnés pour générer le signal de sortie.






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