PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1338199 12.07.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001338199
Titel Herbizide Zusammensetzungen
Anmelder BASF AG, 67063 Ludwigshafen, DE
Erfinder Fenderson, John Melvin, Kiowa, Kansas 67070, US;
O'Neal, William Ben, Buffalo Grove, III. 60089, US;
Quaghebeur, Theo, 7030 Saint-Symphorien, BE;
Schumm, Karl-Christof, 13.044-230 Campinas 5P, BR;
Van Loocke, Walter, 8377 Meerkerke, BE
DE-Aktenzeichen 69434982
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, DE, ES, FR, GR, IT, LI, NL, PT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 15.02.1994
EP-Aktenzeichen 030125645
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 27.08.2003
EP date of grant 30.05.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 12.07.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse A01N 43/10(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention concerns a method of controlling undesired plant growth employing co-application of dimethenamid and at least one other herbicide, from the group of the amino acid synthesis inhibitors in a herbicidally effective aggregate amount, wherein the other herbicide is a sulfonylurea herbicide selected from rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, beneulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorxmuron-ethyl, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron and halosulfuron, herbicidal compositions comprising dimethenamid and at least one other herbicide from the group of the sulfonylureas, and an agriculturally acceptable carrier, wherein the other herbicides ie selected from the group comprising rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, bensulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorimuron-ethyl, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron and halosulfuron, and the use of such compositions in controlling undesired plant growth.

Dimethenamid (FRONTIER®) whose chemical name is 2-chloro-N-(2,4-dimethyl-3-thienyl)-N-(2-methoxy-1-methylethyl)-acetamide, processes for its production, herbicidal compositions containing it and its use as a herbicide are described in US Patent 4,666,502 the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference. Dimethenamid consists of 4 stereoisomers due to two chiral elements and can thus also exist in the form of the individual isomers as diastereomeric mixtures (1S, aRS (known as S-dimethenamid) and 1R, aRS (known as R-dimethenamid)) and as a racemic mixture (1RS, aRS). References herein to dimethenamid refer to its various forms unless otherwise stated. Of the diastereomeric mixtures S-dimethenamid is preferred.

The European Patent application EP-A-380447 discloses synergistic mixtures containing dimethenamid and methazole.

The International Patent application WO-A-9210098 discloses compositions comprising certain azolopyrimidine sulfonamide herbicides, antidotes and co-herbicides, and their use for controlling weeds. Dimethenamid is comprised among the co-herbicides.

The European patent application EP-A-531271, published on 10.03.1993 and claiming the priority date of 22.08.1991, discloses compositions comprising certain pyrazolosulfonylureas, antidotes and co-herbicides and their simultaneous or sequential application to a plant locus. Dimethenamid is comprised among the co-herbicides.

The term herbicides, as used herein, refers to compounds which combat or control undesired plant growth. This class of compounds may be divided into sub-classes according to the primary type or mode of action the herbicide has on the plant. For example according to G.F. Warren of Purdue University, Indiana, USA, herbicides can be classified as auxin transport inhibitors, growth regulator herbicides, photosynthesis inhibitors, pigment inhibitors, growth inhibitors, amino acid synthesis inhibitors, lipid biosynthesis inhibitors, cell wall biosynthesis inhibitors, rapid cell membrane disruptors as well as "miscellaneous" herbicides which do not come under one of the preceding categories

It has now surprisingly been found that co-application of dimethenamid and at least one other herbicide from the group of the amino acid synthesis inhibitors in a herbicidally effective aggregate amount, wherein the other herbicide is a sulfonylurea herbicide selected from rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, beneulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorxmuron-ethyl, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron and halosulfuron, results in better and in some cases longer-lasting control of undesired plant growth. This synergistic effect exhibits itself in a high degree of control at co-application rates which are significantly lower than the rate of each individual compound required to obtain the same degree of control. Furthermore, at any given co-application rate the degree of control is higher than the additive effect obtained for the individual components at the same rate. In some cases both speed of activity and level of control are enhanced and/or weeds can be controlled which are not controlled by either component at economical rates.

This synergistic effect allows for satisfactory control at reduced application rates for each component and even at levels which if applied for a particular component alone would give insufficient control. Additionally, longer residual control may be achieved. This provides for significant economic and environmental advantages in the use of dimethenamid and the herbicide(s) used in combination therewith.

Co-application can be achieved using tank mixes of preformulated individual active ingredients, simultaneous or sequential (preferably 1-2 days) application of such formulations or application of preformulated fixed pre-mix combinations of the individual active ingredients.

Herbicides which are used in combination with dimethenamid in accordance with the invention are

  • 6. amino acid synthesis inhibitors from the group of the sulfonylureas, selected from rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, bensulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorimuron-ethyl, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron (CGA-152005), halosulfuron and metsulfuron-methyl.

The present invention therefore concerns a method of combatting or controlling undesired plant growth or otherwise regulating plant growth which comprises co-applying to a locus where such combatting or control is desired an herbicidally or plant growth regulating effective aggregate amount of dimethenamid and at least one other herbicide from the group of the amino acid synthesis inhibitors in a herbicidally effective aggregate amount, wherein the other herbicide is a sulfonylurea herbicide selected from rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, beneulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorxmuron-ethyl, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron and halosulfuron.

Application rates for co-application will of course vary depending upon climatic conditions, season, soil ecology, weeds to be combatted and the like, however, successful results can be obtained e.g. with rates of dimethenamid of 0.1 to 3.0 kg/ha, preferably 0.1 to 2.0 kg/ha, especially 0.25 to 1.5 kg/ha e.g. 0.9 to 1.5 kg/ha in co-application with rates for partner herbicides which correspond to or are significantly lower than recommended for use thereof individually.

The suitability of specific co-applications for pre- or post-emergent uses and selectively will of course depend on the partners chosen.

The activity of dimethenamid is described in the above mentioned patents and that of the herbicidal partners is described in the literature or on commercially available forms thereof (cf also CROP PROTECTION CHEMICALS REFERENCE, 9th edition (1993) Chemical & Pharmaceutical Press, NY, NY; The Pesticide Manual, 9th edition (1991), British Crop Protection Council, London; Ag Chem New Product Review, Ag Chem Information Services, Indianapolis, Indiana; Farm Chemicals Handbook, 1993 edition, Meister Publishing Company, Willoughby, Ohio and the like).

The invention also provides herbicidal or plant growth regulating compositions comprising an herbicidally effective aggregate amount of dimethenamid and at least one other herbicide from the group of the sulfonylureas, and an agriculturally acceptable carrier, wherein the other herbicides ie selected from the group comprising rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, bensulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorimuron-ethyl, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron and halosulfuron.

Such compositions contain the active substances in association with agriculturally acceptable diluents. They may be employed in either solid or liquid forms e.g. in the form of a wettable powder or an emulsifiable concentrate, incorporating conventional diluents. Such compositions may be produced in conventional manner, e.g. by mixing the active ingredient with a diluent and optionally other formulating ingredients such as surfactants and oils.

The term diluents as used herein means any liquid or solid agriculturally acceptable material which may be added to the active constituent to provide a more easily or improved applicable form, or to achieve a usable or desirable strength of activity.

Examples of diluents are talc, kaolin, diatomaceous earth, xylene, non-phytotoxic oils, or water.

Particular formulations, to be applied in spraying forms such as water dispersible concentrates or wettable powders, may contain surfactants such as wetting and dispersing agents, e.g. the condensation product of formaldehyde with naphthalene sulphonate, an alkylarylsulphonate, a lignin sulphonate, a fatty alkyl sulphate, an ethoxylated alkylphenol or an ethoxylated fatty alcohol.

In general, the formulations include from 0.01 to 90% by weight of active agent(s) and from 0 to 20% by weight of agriculturally acceptable surfactant, the active agent consisting of dimethenamid and at least one other hHerbicide from the group of the sulfonylureas, and an agriculturally acceptable carrier, wherein the other herbicides ie selected from the group comprising rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, bensulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorimuron-ethyl, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron and halosulfuron. Concentrate forms of compositions generally contain between about 2 and 90%, preferably between about 5 and 80% by weight of active agent. Application forms of formulation may for example contain from 0.01 to 20% by weight of active agent.

When employing concurrent, immediately sequential or tank mix applications the herbicide partner(s) can be employed in commercially available form if appropriate and at rates equivalent to or preferably below those recommended by the manufacturer or in the references cited above. Dimethenamid can also be applied in commercially available form (e.g. as FRONTIER® herbicide) or as formulated e.g. as described in the above-mentioned USP 4,666,502.

On co-application according to the present invention other compounds having biological activity, e.g. compounds having insecticidal or fungicidal activity, may also be included.

The preferred mode of application is tank mix prepared e.g. by adding dimethenamid to a tank containing the other herbicide partner and an appropriate surfactant or vice versa depending on the type of herbicide partner chosen. It is advisable to consult labels of mixing partners and to conduct compatibility tests prior to mixing.

Depending on the choice of co-application partners both pre- and post- emergence activity on a large range of broadleaf and grassy weeds may be achieved. Examples of such weeds are Agropyron repens quackgrass Brachiaria platyphylla broadleaf signalgrass Bromus spp e.g. downybrome Cenchrus spp. e.g. southern sandbur, sandbur, field sandbur Dactyloctenium aegyptium crowfootgrass Digitaria spp e.g. crabgrass, smooth crabgrass, large crabgrass Echinochloa crus-galli barnyardgrass Eleusine indica goosegrass Eriochloa spp. e.g. southwestern cupgrass, prairie cupgrass, woolly cupgrass Leptochloa filiformis red spangletop Oryza sativa red rice Panicum spp e.g. witchgrass and fall-, browntop- and texas-panicum, wild proso millet Poa annua annual bluegrass Setaria spp e.g. giant foxtail, foxtail millet, yellow foxtail, bristly foxtail, green foxtail Sorghum almum sorghum almum Sorghum bicolor shattercane Sorghum halepense seedling johnson grass Urochloa panicoides liverseedgrass Acanthospermum hispidum bristly starbur Amaranthus spp e.g. pigweed, tumble pigweed; smooth pigweed, redroot pigweed, prostrate pigweed, waterhemp, spiny amaranth Ambrosia artemisiifolia common ragweed Bidens pilosa hairy beggarticks Capsella bursa-pastoris shepherdspurse Chenopodium album common lambsquarters Cleome monophylla spindlepod Commelina spp e.g, dayflower Crotalaria sphaerocarpa Datura stranionium jimsonweed Desmodium tortuosum Florida beggarweed Euphorbia nutans Nodding spurge Euphorbia maculata spotted surge Galinsoga parviflora Smallflower galinsoga Ipomea spp. e.g. ivyleaf-, tall-, pitted morningglory Lamium purpureum purple deadnettle Matricaria chamomilla wild chamomile Mollugo verticillata carpetweed Papaver rhoeas corn poppy Polygonum spp. e.g. smartweed, annual smatweed, wild buckwheat, prostrate knotweed Portulaca oleracea common purslane Richardia scabra Florida pusley Schkuhria pinnata dwarf marigold Sida. spinosa prickly sida Solanum spp. e.g. black nightshade, E. black nightshade, hairy nightshade, silverleaf nightshade Stellaria media common chickweed Tagetes minuta wild marigold (khaki weed) Cyperus esculentis yellow nutsedge Cyperus iria rice flatsedge

In addition the following weeds may also be controlled when employing appropriate mixing partners. Abutilon theophrasti velvetleaf Hibiscus trionum Venice mallow Avena fatua wild oats Sinapis alba white mustard Xanthium strumarium common cocklebur Cassia obtusifolia sicklepod Apera spica-venti windgrass Campsis radicans trumpet creeper Rottboellia exaltata itchgrass Cynodon dactylon bermudagrass Lespedeza spp. e.g. lespedezas Trifolium spp. e.g. clovers Hippuris vulgaris marestail Asclepias spp. e.g. milkweeds Salvia sup. e.g. lanceleaf sage Salsola iberica russian thistle Convolvulus arvensis field bindweed Cirsium arvense Canada thistle Proboscidea louisianica devilsclaw Senecio spp. e.g. common groundsel Chorispora tennela blue mustard Alopecurus myosuroides blackgrass Sisymbrium altissimum tumble mustard Caperionia palustris texasweed

Crop selectivity will also usually depend upon choice of partners. Dimethenamid exhibits excellent selectivity in corn (maize), soybean and several other crops.

Partners for co-application with dimethenamid are from the type sulfonylureas, selected from rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, bensulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron (CGA-152005), halosulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, and chlorimuron-ethyl.

The co-application of the combination of dimethenamid and sulfonylurea(s) according to present invention is especially suitable in crops of monocotyledons, such as cereals, maize sucar cane and rice. For example, application in sugar cane being infested with monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous weeds is particularly advantageous, as the harmful effects against the crop plants are not enhanced, but the weeds are controlled very effectively. Both pre- and postemergence applications to the undesired weeds is possible with this combination. However, the preferred time point of application to sugar cane is after emergence of the sugar cane seedlings, or transplantation of ratoon cane.

In this use the application rates for co-application of dimethenamid and the sulfonylurea will of course vary depending upon climatic conditions, season, soil ecology, weeds to be combatted and the like, however, successfull results can be obtained, e.g. in co-application with rates of the sulfonylurea which are significantly lower than the recommended use thereof alone; e.g. 1 to 150 g/ha, preferably 10 to 100 g/ha.

From this group the preferred combination for control of weeds in sugar cane is one wherein the sulfonylurea is chlorimuron. The mixture ratio will be determinable according to the specific soil, crop and climate condition of use. As an example the co-application rates will be in the range of 0.9 to 3.0 kg/ha of dimethenamid and 10 to 100 g/ha of chlorimuron. For the combatting of cyperus ssp. in sugar cane crop they may be for example 2.0 to 3.0 kg/ha of dimethenamid and 50 to 90 g/ha of chlorimuron. The ratio of active ingredient in the composition by weight of chlorimuron and dimethenamid is between 1:3000 and 1:20, preferably 1:30 to 1:60, e.g. 1:34 or 1:38 or 1:45.

For the co-application in a preferred 3-way mix comprising dimethenamid and the sulfonylurea, the third component is preferably selected from the group of urea herbicides. In a typical 3-way mix the urea component will be present in a ratio of 2 : 1 to 1 : 4, relative to the dimethenamid contents, with an excess of dimethenamid being preferred, i.e. a preferred ratio of 1 : 1 to 1 : 3, e.g. 1 : 2. The preferred urea herbicide in this type of a 3-way mix is diuron.

It will be appreciated that mixtures of dimethenamid with more than one herbicide e.g. 3-way mixes are also included within the purview of the invention.

Specific mixing partners can be selected from the following: nicosulfuron (e.g. as ACCENT®) rimsulfuron (e.g. as TITUS®) and primisulfuron (e.g. as BEACON®) (Compound Group III).

Further examples of specific mixing partners include chlorimuron (e.g. as CLASSIC® or in a 3-way mix together with diuron as FRONT®) (Compound Group VII).

According to the desired weed spectrum, time of application and the like other specific herbicides from the group of the amino acid synthesis inhibitors in a herbicidally effective aggregate amount, wherein the other herbicide is a sulfonylurea herbicide selected from rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, beneulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorxmuron-ethyl, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron and halosulfuron, are also particular examples of suitable mixing partners.

EXAMPLE 1

Active ingredients are weighed and dissolved in a stock solution consisting of acetone:deionized water, 1:1, and 0.5% adjuvant mixture consisting of surfactants SPAN® 20:TWEEN® 20:TWEEN® 85, 1:1:1. Dilutions from this stock solution are performed to allow for preparation of spray solutions consisting of single doses of individual or combined active ingredients. Each dose is appleid simultaneously via a linear track sprayer set to deliver 600 liters/ha spray volume to both the foliage of the selected weed seedling species, postemergence application, and the surface of soil that had been previously sown with seeds, preemergence application. The seedlings used are cultured to develop plants at the two- to early three-leaf stage. The stage of development of each seedling at application time is recorded. After application, the treated plants are transferred to the greenhouse and held until termination of the experiment within four weeks. Symptoms of injury are recorded two and ten days after postemergence application and fourteen days after preemergence application. Visual percentage ratings of crop injury and weed control are taken ten and twenty-eight days after postemergence application and fourteen and twenty-eight days after preemergence application.

Co-application of dimethenamid with other specific active ingredients such as outlined above produces improved herbicidal effects compared with application of each active ingredient alone.

EXAMPLE 2

A field trial is carried out employing FRONTIER® 7.5 EC and ACCENT® 75 WDG in control of large crabgrass in corn. Application is as tankmix combination at early postemergence of the weeds (3 and 4 leaf stages). Application rates of a.i. are 1.5 and 0.75 kg/ha for dimethenamid and 37.2 and 19.2 g/ha for nicosulfuron. Combined application of 0.75 kg/ha of dimethenamid and 19.2 g/ha of nicosulfuron gave 85% control with negligible corn damage compared with 35% for nicosulfuron applied alone at 19.2 g/ha and 72% for dimethenamid at a higher rate of 1.25 g/ha. Combined application at the higher rate of dimethenamid with 37.2 g/ha of nicosulfuron gave an even more dramatic effect with 95% control compared with 72% for dimethenamid and only 45% for nicosulfuron each alone.

EXAMPLE 3 (comparative examples, not forming part of the invention)

Small field units in a maize field, infested with echinochloa crus galli and solanum nigrum are sprayed with a tank-mix suspension of dimethenamid and sulcotrione. The stage of the weeds is "full tillering" for echinochloa crus galli and "8-leaves stage" for solanum nigrum. The lot size is 8 meters in length and 3 meters in broadth. The application rates are 1.1 kg/ha of dimethenamid and 0.15 kg/ha of sulcotrione. Seven days after treatment the efficacy is evaluated, both as control of the weeds and as tolerance of the crop plants.

In this test the control of echinochloa was between 93 and 98%, and the control of solanum was between 91 and 93% in three repetitions, while the damage of the maize plants was always below 10%.

EXAMPLE 4 (comparative examples, not forming part of the invention)

Small field units in a maize field, infested with echinochloa crus galli, solanum nigrum and chenopodium album are sprayed with a tank-mix suspension of dimethenamid, sulcotrione and atrazine. The stage of the weeds is "full tillering" for echinochloa and "6-8 leaves stage" for solanum and chenopodium. The lot size is 8 meters in length and 3 meters in broadth. The application rates are 1.08 kg/ha of dimethenamid, 150 or 210 g/ha of sulcotrione and 750 g/ha of atrazine. 14 days after treatment the efficacy is evaluated. The results (in percentage control) were as follows: Compound a.i./ha Echinochloa control expected additive effect synergistic effect Atrazine 1500 23 - Dimethenamid/Atrazine 1080/750 30 - Sulcotrione/Atrazine 150/750 26 - Sulcotrione/Atrazine 210/750 33 - Dimethenamid/SulcotrionelAtrazine 1080/150/750 95 56 + 39 Dimethenamid/Sulcotrione/Atrazine 1080/210/750 97 59 + 42 Solanum/ Chenopodium Atrazine 1500 16 - Dimethenamid/Atrazine 1080/750 36 - Sulcotrione/Atrazine 150/750 23 - Sulcotrione/Atrazine 210/750 53 - Dimethenamid/Sulcotrione/Atrazine 1080/150/750 97 53 +44 Dimethenamid/Sulcotrione/Atrazine 1080/210/750 100 89 + 11

The synergic effect is clearly visible at the lower rates of sulcotrione, resulting in a nearly doubled degree of control, compared to the expected additive efficacies. For the higher rates of sulcotrione, (> 300 g/ha) only the additive effect remains visible since the total control is 100%.

EXAMPLE 5

A field trial is carried out on plots (2 x 20 m) planted with sugar cane and infested with cyperus rotundus in the first or second growing stage and sprayed with a backpack sprayer in different concentrations in a tank mix. The amount of liquid spray broth is 400 1/ha. The application rates are 2.7 kg/ha of dimethenamid with 60 g/ha of chlorimuron or with 1.6 kg/ha of a fixed ratio mixture of chlorimuron and diuron (1 : 19) which is commercially available as FRONT®. Visual evaluation is done 30 or 60 days after treatment (DAT) in percentage of control. The expected additive effect value is calculated according to the method of Colby: Compound a.i./ha conditions Cyperus Control (OAT) expected additive effect synergistic effect light to medium soil Dimethenamid 2.7 kg 19 (60 DAT) - Chlorimuron/Diuron 1.6kg 45 (60 DAT) - Dimethenamid/Chlorimuron /Diuron 2.7 + 1.6 kg 76(60 DAT) 55 + 21 heavy soil Dimethenamid 2.7 kg 10 (60 DAT) - Chlorimuron/Diuron 1.6 kg 37 (60 DAT) - Dimethenamid/Chlorimuron /Diuron 2.7 + 1.6 kg 74 (60 DAT) 43 + 31 light to medium soil Dimethenamid 2.25 kg 23 (30 DAT) - Chlorimuron/Diuron 1.2 kg 48 (30 DAT) - Dimethenamid/Chlorimuron /Diuron 2.25 + 1.2 kg 80 (30 DAT) 60 + 20 light to medium soil Dimethenamid 2.7 kg 27 (30 DAT) - Chlorimuron/Diuron 1.2 kg 48 (30 DAT) - Dimethenamid/Chlorimuron /Diuron 2.7 + 1.2 kg 88 (30 DAT) 62 + 26 light to medium soil Dimethenamid 2.7 kg 27 (30 DAT) - Chlorimuron 0.06 kg 58 (30 DAT) - Dimethenamid/Chlorimuron 2.7 + 0.06 kg 93. (30 DAT) 69 + 24

The achieved results indicate that synergistic effects are obtained with the 2-way mix (dimethenamid/chlorimuron), as well as with the 3-way mix (dimethenamid/chlorimuron/diuron).


Anspruch[de]
Verfahren zur Bekämpfung von unerwünschtem Pflanzenwuchs, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß man auf dem Ort dieses unerwünschten PflanzenwuchSeS Dimethenamid sowie mindestens ein weiteres Herbizid aus der Gruppe der Aminosäuresynthesehemmer gemeinsam in einer herbizid wirksamen Gesamtmenge ausbringt, wobei es sich bei dem weiteren Herbizid um ein Sulfonylharnstoffherbizid aus der Gruppe Rimsulfuron, Metsulfuron, Metsulfuron-methyl, Nicosulfuron, Triasulfuron, Primisulfuron, Bensulfuron, Chlorimuron, Chlorimuron-ethyl, Chlorsulfuron, Sulfometuron, Thifensulfuron, Tribenuron, Ethametsulfuron, Clopyrasulfuron, Pyrazasulfuron, Prosulfuron und Halosulfuron handelt. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Dimethenamidmenge 0,1 bis 3,0 kg/ha, vorzugsweise 0,25 bis 1,5 kg/ha, beträgt. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Sulfonylharnstoff 1 bis 150 g/ha, vorzugsweise 10 bis 100 g/ha, beträgt. Herbizide Zusammensetzung, umfassend eine herbizid wirksame Gesamtmenge an Dimethenamid und mindestens einem weiteren Herbizid aus der Gruppe der Sulfonylharnstoffe sowie einen landwirtschaftlich annehmbaren Träger, wobei es sich bei dem weiteren Herbizid um ein Sulfonylharnstoffherbizid aus der Gruppe Rimsulfuron, Metsulfuron, Metsulfuron-methyl, Nicosulfuron, Triasulfuron, Primisulfuron, Bensulfuron, Chlorimuron, Chlorimuron-ethyl, Chlorsulfuron, Sulfometuron, Thifensulfuron, Tribenuron, Ethametsulfuron, Clopyrasulfuron, Pyrazasulfuron, Prosulfuron und Halosulfuron handelt. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß sie Dimethenamid sowie mindestens ein weiteres Herbizid in einer Menge enthält, daß es zu einer synergistischen Herbizidwirkung kommt. Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 4, umfassend Dimethenamid und Chlorimuron als Wirkbestandteile Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 4, umfassend Dimethenamid, Chlorimuron und Diuron als Wirkbestandteile.
Anspruch[en]
A method of controlling undesired plant growth which comprises co-application to the locus of said undesired plants growth dimethenamid and at least one other herbicide from the group of the amino acid synthesis inhibitors in a herbicidally effective aggregate amount, wherein the other herbicide is a sulfonylurea herbicide selected from rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, bensulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorimuron-ethyl, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron and halosulfuron. A method according to claim 1 wherein the amount of dimethenamid is from 0.1 to 3.0 kg/ha, preferably 0.25 to 1.5 kg/ha. A method according to claim 1, wherein the amount of the sulfonylurea is from 1 to 150 g/ha, preferably 10 to 100 g/ha. A herbicidal composition comprising a herbicidally effective aggregate amount of dimethenamid and at least one other herbicide from the group of the sulfonylureas, and an agriculturally acceptable carrier, wherein the other herbicide is selected from the group comprising rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-methyl, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, bensulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorimuron-ethyl, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, ethametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron and halosulfuron. A composition according to claim 4, characterized in that it contains dimethenamid and at least one other herbicide in a quantity producing a synergistic herbicidal effect. A composition according to claim 4 comprising dimethenamid and chlorimuron as active components. A composition according to claim 4 comprising dimethenamid, chlorimuron and diuron as active components.
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé de contrôle de la croissance de plantes non désirées, qui comprend à l'emplacement de ladite croissance de plantes non désirées, l'application commune de diméthénamide et d'au moins un autre herbicide du groupe des inhibiteurs de synthèse d'acide aminé, en une quantité en agrégat efficace du point de vue herbicide, l'autre herbicide étant un herbicide à base de sulfonylurée choisi parmi du rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-méthyle, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, bensulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorimuron-éthyle, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, éthametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron et halosulfuron. Procédé suivant la revendication 1, dans lequel la quantité de diméthénamide est de 0,1 à 3,0 kg/ha, de préférence de 0,25 à 1,5 kg/ha. Procédé suivant la revendication 1, dans lequel la quantité de sulfonylurée est de 1 à 150 g/ha, de préférence de 10 à 100 g/ha. Composition herbicide comprenant une quantité en agrégat efficace du point de vue herbicide de diméthénamide et d'au moins un autre herbicide du groupe des sulfonylurées, et un support acceptable en agriculture, dans laquelle l'autre herbicide est choisi parmi le groupe comprenant du rimsulfuron, metsulfuron, metsulfuron-méthyle, nicosulfuron, triasulfuron, primisulfuron, bensulfuron, chlorimuron, chlorimuron-éthyle, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, thifensulfuron, tribenuron, éthametsulfuron, clopyrasulfuron, pyrazasulfuron, prosulfuron et halosulfuron. Composition suivant la revendication 4, caractérisée en ce qu'elle contient du diméthénamide et au moins un autre herbicide en une quantité produisant un effet herbicide synergique. Composition suivant la revendication 4, comprenant du diméthénamide et du chlorimuron comme composants actifs. Composition suivant la revendication 4, comprenant du diméthénamide, du chlorimuron et du diuron, comme composants actifs.






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