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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1394302 02.08.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001394302
Titel Verbesserungen an Schussfadengreifern für Webmaschinen und an Webmaschinen mit Führungsmitteln dafür
Anmelder Promatech S.p.A., Colzate, Bergamo, IT
Erfinder Arrigoni, Massimo, 24125 Bergamo, IT;
Alghisi, Francesco, 24060 Castelli Calepio - Bergamo, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60220788
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 30.08.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 024255424
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 03.03.2004
EP date of grant 20.06.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 02.08.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse D03D 47/27(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to improvements in weft carrying grippers for shuttle-free (or continuous weft-feed) weaving looms and in weaving looms having means for guiding such grippers in their movement through the shed.

It is known that in this type of looms the weft is fed by pairs of grippers, one of which being a carrying gripper and the other being a drawing gripper, exchanging the weft in the centre of the shed, and that said pairs of grippers are moved back and forth by flexible straps driven by suitable toothed wheels of the loom. There are various systems for guiding the grippers and the straps along the shed. One the most recent solutions provides metal grippers carried by straps made of carbon fibre and/or suitably rigid plastic materials (for example polyester), and a rectilinear track for the gripper-bearing straps, having a metal base and the surface coated with a ceramic layer, onto which the straps slide. The straps are guided by two double rows of hook guides or by two groove guides placed outside the two ends of the shed, while no guides are provided within the shed, where straps and grippers are not guided directly, but exclusively as a result of the high inertia-induced strap tension and of the guiding action applied thereto outside said shed.

Usually, in the above-described solution, pointed carbon-fibre straps are used, which may be coated with polyester. The carrying gripper and the drawing gripper, both of chrome-plated steel, are attached to the end of the respective strap, at the area corresponding to their own tips. When this solution is adopted, although the straps separate the chrome-plated steel grippers from the ceramic surface of the track, during the acceleration and deceleration movement of the straps a vertical flexure of the strap/gripper assemblies occurs, negatively resulting in the grippers ends colliding with the ceramic layer of the track.

Furthermore, another undesirable drawback occurs, which may lead to even more serious consequences, i.e. the wear of the lower warp yarns, induced by the carbon fibre straps controlling the grippers. Indeed, when the grippers move within the shed, while the upper warp threads lay against the smooth chrome-plated steel back of the grippers, without seriously wearing out, the lower warp yarns lay against the rough surface of the strap, consequently wearing out during the reciprocal movements that occur while the loom is in use. This wear corrupts the lower warp yarns and may rapidly lead to fraying and tearing thereof. The problem, however, only occurs near the grippers - which force their way in the shed between the upper and lower warp yarnswhile it does not occur at all (or only at a minor level) downstream of said grippers, where only the strap may move by floating within the shed without overstressing the lower warp yarns, the strap not being subject - due to its extreme thinness - to the pressure that, from the upper warp yarns, presses the strap itself against the lower warp yarns near the grippers, which, on the contrary, have a relevant thickness, as known.

The present invention aims at avoiding these serious problems and provides a couple of carrying weft grippers according to claim 1 and a weaving loom having said pair of grippers and means for guiding their movement through the shed according to claim 4.

In the carrying gripper of said pair of grippers, said shoe is very close to the tip of the gripper, to which it is radiussed through a short tapered area.

In the drawing gripper of said pair of grippers, said shoe is placed at the area of the gripper body preceding the tip portion of the gripper and is radiussed thereto through a short tapered area.

The invention will hereafter be described more in detail, with reference to the appended drawings, which show a practical embodiment thereof, wherein:

  • Fig. 1 is a side view of the carrying gripper of the pair of grippers according to the invention;
  • Fig. 2 is a bottom view of the carrying gripper in Fig. 1, whereof
  • Fig. 3 is a transversal section along line III-III of Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 4 is a side view of the drawing gripper of the pair of grippers according to the invention, whereof
  • Fig. 5 is a bottom view; and
  • Fig. 6 is a transversal section along line VI-VI of Fig. 4;
  • Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the end of the strap for the carrying gripper of Figs. 1 to 3 and the way in which it is to be applied thereto;
  • Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the end of the strap for the drawing gripper of Figs. 4 to 6 and the way in which it is to be applied thereto; and
  • Figs. 9 and 10 are front transversal sections of the tracks provided on the loom in order to form, together with pairs of guides external to the shed and with the grippers of Figs. 1 to 3 and 4 to 6 respectively, the guiding means according to the invention.

With reference to the appended drawings, both the carrying gripper 1 (Figs. 1 to 3) and the drawing gripper 2 (Figs. 4 to 6) according to the invention, both of which are made of metal, are designed so as to have a metal shoe - 3 and 4 respectivelyintegrated into said grippers and projecting from the bottom thereof respectively near the tip 5 of the former and the tip portion 6 of the latter. The shoe 3 is smoothly radiussed to the tip 5 of gripper 1 and so is the shoe 4 to tip portion 6 of gripper 2.

As shown in the drawings, both the shoe 3 of the gripper 1 and the shoe 4 of the gripper 2 have a large central recess - respectively 7 and 8 - provided to host (see Figs. 7 and 8) the differently profiled narrower ends - 12 and 13 respectively - of the driving straps 10 and 11, which are otherwise identical to each other and quite larger than grippers 1 and 2. Straps 10 and 11 (equally thick) are furthermore quite thinner than recesses 7 and 8 of the shoes 3 and 4 of grippers 1 and 2.

The drawings also show that the shoe 3 is very near the tip 5 of the carrying gripper 1, to which said shoe is radiussed through a short tapered area 14, while the shoe 4 is placed inside the drawing gripper 2 near the area of the gripper body preceding tip portion 6 thereof and is radiussed thereto through a short tapered area 15.

Figs. 9 and 10 are front views of parts 16 and 17, external to the shed, of a metal track coated with ceramic integrated in the sley 18 of the loom, on which grippers 1 and 2 move, driven by straps 10 and 11. In a known way, these straps, which are free within the shed, are guided outside the shed by double rows of opposed hooked guides 19 and 20.

According to the invention, the parts 16 and 17 of the track external to the shed have a large longitudinal central groove, 21 and 22 respectively, provided to host shoes 3 and 4 of grippers 1 and 2, in order to create an improved system to guide a pair of weft carrying grippers in their movement. In this system, the straps, which are quite larger than the grippers except near said grippers, as already explained, are very thin, and anyway quite thinner than recesses 7 and 8 of the shoes 3 and 4 of grippers 1 and 2. Inside the shed, the sley is coated with a soft cloth also along the path followed by grippers and straps.

In use, grippers and straps travel on the metal track with the straps being guided -outside the shed - by the double rows of hooked guides 19 and 20, and the shoes 3 and 4 of the grippers being hosted - also outside the shed- in grooves 21 and 22 of parts 16 and 17 of said track. Usually (and preferably), shoes 3 and 4 travel freely inside grooves 21 and 22, as illustrated in Figs. 9 and 10, but they might also be accurately guided by the track. Anyhow, when grippers 1 and 2 enter the shed, nothing guides said grippers and the respective straps any longer, so they may advance freely between the two laps of warp yarns. The upper ones thereof press against the grippers, which are quite thick, but not against the straps, which are very thin. The lower warp yarns are pressed by the grippers and support the limited weight of the straps.

With the solution according to the invention, the relative movements between grippers and straps on the one hand and warp yarns on the other do not cause serious wear of the yarns, because - when the gripper passes - the upper warp yarns come into contact with the smooth metal of the top of the gripper and the lower ones come into contact with the smooth metal of the lower shoe provided by the invention (instead of the strap end, which is in an inner position relative to the shoe and is narrower than the gripper). When the straps pass, the warp yarns pressure against said straps is very low, given the extreme thinness of the straps, and no relevant wear occurs either in this case.

The solution according to the invention furthermore prevents, during the acceleration and deceleration of the straps, avoiding undesired vertical flexures of the strap/gripper assemblies, and therefore any potential negative collisions between the grippers and the ceramic layer of the track. In fact, metal shoes 3 and 4, integrated into grippers 1 and 2, can press directly onto parts 16 and 17 of the track, with which they can come into contact, eliminating all chances of collision during the various movements of said straps.

It is understood that other embodiments of the invention, different from the one described in detail above, may exist that fall completely within the scope of the present invention as claimed.


Anspruch[de]
Paar von Schussfadentraggreifern mit einem Traggreifer und einem Zuggreifer in Webmaschinen von der Art, bei der die Greifer aus Metall gefertigt sind und die in ihrem montierten Zustand in ihrer Hin-und-Her-Bewegung durch das Fach von gegenüber den Greifern sehr viel größeren Streifen, die Kohlenstofffaser- und/oder Polyesterstreifen sind, ausschließlich außerhalb des Fachs geführt sind, angetrieben werden, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass jeder der Greifer (1, 2) mit einem metallischen Schuh (3, 4), der in dem Greifer integriert ist und aus dessen Boden nahe seiner Spitze, an die der Schuh angesetzt ist, vorragt, und dadurch, dass der Schuh (3, 4) mit einer großen zentralen Ausnehmung zum Aufnehmen eines schmaleren Endes (12, 13) des Antriebstreifens (10, 11) versehen ist, wobei die Ausnehmung in dem Schuh in dem montierten Zustand des Greifers schmaler als der Rest des Streifens ist und der Streifen dünner ist als die Schuhausnehmung. Paar von Greifern nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Schuh (3) in dem Traggreifer sehr nahe zu der Spitze (5) ist, an der er über einen kurzen, sich verjüngenden Bereich (14) angesetzt ist. Paar von Greifern nach Anspruch 1, wobei bei der Schuh (4) in dem Zuggreifer an dem Bereich des Greiferkörpers angeordnet ist, der dem Spitzenabschnitt der Greifer vorangeht und an diesen über einen kurzen, sich verjüngenden Bereich (15) angesetzt ist. Webmaschine mit einem Paar von Schussfadengreifern (1, 2), die mit einem Schuh, der von dem Boden vorragt und mit den Antriebsstreifen (10, 11) nach Anspruch 1 ausgerüstet ist, weiter mit Mitteln zum Führen der Bewegung durch das Fach der Webmaschine des Paares von Schussfadengreifern (1, 2), mit einer metallischen Bah, die mit einer Keramik beschichtet ist, auf der die Streifen bewegt werden können, und mit zwei Doppelreihen von Haken (19, 20) oder ein Paar von gekerbten Führungen, die außerhalb des Fachs angeordnet sind, durch die die Streifen geführt werden, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass wenigstens Teile der Spur mit einer großen zentralen Längskerbe (21, 22), die zum Aufnehmen des Schuhs (3, 4) der Greifer (1, 2) vorgesehen ist, außerhalb des Fachs platziert sind. Webmaschine nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Schuh (3, 4) der Greifer (1, 2) sich frei innerhalb der Kerbe (21, 22) der Teile (16, 17) der Spur außerhalb des Fachs bewegt. Webmaschine nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Schuh (3, 4) der Greifer in der Kerbe (21, 22) der Spur geführt wird.
Anspruch[en]
Pair of weft carrying grippers comprising a carrying gripper and a drawing gripper for weaving looms, of the type wherein the grippers are made of metal and that in their mounted condition are driven in their back-and-forth movement through the shed by the straps, which are carbon-fibre and/or polyester straps quite larger than the grippers, guided exclusively outside a shed, characterised in that each of said grippers (1, 2) is provided with a metal shoe (3, 4) integrated in said gripper and projecting from the bottom thereof near the tip, to which it is radiussed, and in that said shoe (3, 4) is provided with a large central recess (7, 8) provided to host a narrower end (12, 13) of said driving strap (10, 11), wherein in the mounted condition of the gripper said shoe recess is narrower than the rest of the strap and the strap being thinner than the shoe recess (7, 8). Pair of grippers as in claim 1), wherein, in the carrying gripper, said shoe (3) is very near the tip (5), to which it is radiussed through a short tapered area (14). Pair of grippers as in claim 1), wherein in the drawing gripper said shoe (4) is placed at the area of the gripper body preceding the tip portion of the gripper and is radiussed thereto through a short tapered area (15). Weaving loom having a pair of weft-carrying grippers (1, 2) equipped with a shoe projecting from the bottom thereof and driving straps (10,11) as in claim 1, further comprising means for guiding the movement through the loom shed of the pair of weft-carrying grippers (1, 2) comprising a metal track covered in ceramic, upon which said straps are movable, and two double rows of hooks (19, 20) or a pair of grooved guides placed outside the shed, by which said straps are guided, characterized in that at least parts (16, 17) placed outside the shed of said track have a large central longitudinal groove (21, 22), provided to host said shoe (3, 4) of said grippers (1, 2). Weaving loom as in claim 4); wherein the shoe (3, 4) of said grippers (1, 2) moves freely within said groove (21, 22) of the parts (16, 17) outside the shed of said track. Weaving loom as in claim 4), wherein the shoe (3, 4) of said grippers is guided in said groove (21, 22) of said track.
Anspruch[fr]
Paire de pinces porteuses de trame comprenant une pince porteuse et une pince tireuse pour métiers à tisser, du type dans lequel les pinces sont faites de métal et dans leur condition montée sont entraînées en va-et-vient à travers la foule par les courroies, qui sont des courroies en fibre de carbone et/ou polyester beaucoup plus grandes que les pinces, guidées exclusivement à l'extérieur d'une foule, caractérisée en ce que chacune desdites pinces (1, 2) est pourvue d'un sabot de métal (3, 4) intégré dans ladite pince et en saillie depuis son dessous près de l'extrémité, par rapport à laquelle il est arrondi, et en ce que ledit sabot (3, 4) est doté d'un grand évidement central (7, 8) servant à loger une extrémité plus étroite (12, 13) de ladite courroie d'entraînement (10, 11), ledit évidement de sabot, dans la condition montée de la pince, étant plus étroit que le reste de la courroie et la courroie étant plus mince que l'évidement de sabot (7, 8). Paire de pinces selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle, dans la pince porteuse, ledit sabot (3) est très proche de l'extrémité (5), par rapport à laquelle il est arrondi par l'intermédiaire d'une courte zone effilée (14). Paire de pinces selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle, dans la pince tireuse, ledit sabot (4) est placé au niveau de la zone du corps de pince précédant la portion d'extrémité de la pince et est arrondi par rapport à celle-ci par l'intermédiaire d'une courte zone effilée (15). Métier à tisser comportant une paire de pinces porteuses de trame (1, 2) équipées d'un sabot en saillie depuis leur dessous et des courroies d'entraînement (10, 11) selon la revendication 1, comprenant, en outre, un moyen pour guider le mouvement à travers la foule du métier de la paire de pinces porteuses de trame (1, 2) comprenant une piste de métal recouverte de céramique, sur laquelle lesdites courroies se déplacent, et deux doubles rangées de crochets (19, 20) ou une paire de guides rainurés placés à l'extérieur de la foule, par lesquels lesdites courroies sont guidées, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins des parties (16, 17) de ladite piste, placées à l'extérieur de la foule, comportent une grande rainure longitudinale centrale (21, 22), servant à loger ledit sabot (3, 4) desdites pinces (1, 2). Métier à tisser selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le sabot (3, 4) desdites pinces (1, 2) se déplace librement au sein de ladite rainure (21, 22) des parties (16, 17) de ladite piste à l'extérieur de la foule. Métier à tisser selon la revendication 4, dans lequel le sabot (3, 4) desdites pinces est guidé dans ladite rainure (21, 22) de ladite piste.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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