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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1825942 11.10.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001825942
Titel Ausgleichsvorrichtung zur Verformungskorrektur nach Schruppen
Anmelder C.B. Ferrari S.p.A., Mornago, Varese, IT
Erfinder Bianchi, Renato, 21020 Mornago VA, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 23.02.2006
EP-Aktenzeichen 064251127
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 29.08.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 11.10.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse B23B 23/00(2006.01)A, F, I, 20070731, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

All parts produced by casting, molding or forging process present residual internal stress.

When these workpieces are submitted to chip removal machining, they are subjected to a section reduction, and the internal stress they release generates hardly predictable deformations (especially for long and thin parts). If we want to achieve high precision finishing, we must introduce corrective actions. During machining process the workpiece is rigidly clamped by two fixtures mounted on supports (two dividing heads or one dividing head and one tailstock for milling machines, two mandrels or one mandrel and 10 one tailstock for lathes) (Fig.1).

After the roughing operation the part is removed from the machine, and the secondary task is to readjust the part in its new relaxed configuration.

After that the workpiece is re-clamped on the machine using the new references, and the finishing operation is performed.

If the stock left by the roughing operation is sufficient to include the deformation of the workpiece, the finishing will cancel every trace of the induced deformation

The main disadvantages of the currently used technique are:

  • ✔ the part needs to be removed from the machine after the roughing operation;
  • ✔ mounting surfaces must be remachined to comply to the new references;
  • ✔ part re-clamping and zero re-setting before the finish machining are needed;

All these operations need time and availability of a second machine specifically equipped for the secondary part extremity machining.

The innovation consists of a special device fixed to the secondary support. Keeping the workpiece clamped on the main support, the device on the secondary support (Fig.2) allows it to achieve the natural position removing three constraints in a specific sequence, without losing the zero position (Fig.3):

  1. 1- the first one is the rotation around the supports axis T (torsional relaxation)
  2. 2- the others are two perpendicular translations laid on a plain normal to the supports axis R1, R2 (radial relaxation)

The device is normally locked. The constraints are removed by hydraulic actuators drived manually from the machine control panel or automatically by NC program.

The relaxation procedure must be executed with the following sequence:

  1. a. remove T rotational constraint,
  2. b. workpiece torsional relaxation (Fig.4),
  3. c. restore T rotational constraint,
  4. d. orient the equipment so that the radial translation R 1 is horizontal (Fig.5),
  5. e. remove the radial R1 translation constraint,
  6. f. workpiece radial relaxation in direction 1 (horizontal). The relaxation must be performed in horizontal position so that the part's weight doesn't influence the natural position (Fig.6),
  7. g. restore R1 translational constraint,
  8. h. rotate the equipment (and the workpiece) by 90° so that the radial translation R2 is horizontal (Fig.7),
  9. i. remove the radial R2 translation constraint,
  10. j. workpiece radial relaxation in direction 2 (horizontal). The relaxation must be performed in horizontal position so that the part's weight doesn't influence the natural position (Fig.8),
  11. k. restore R2 translational constraint.

The main advantages introduced by the equipment are:

  1. 1. the part do not need to be removed from the machine for relaxation after the roughing operation without losing zero set-point,
  2. 2. additional machining on the mounting points of the workpiece is not needed,
  3. 3. finish machining is performed immediately after the relaxation cycle.

The whole machining cycle (roughing, part relaxation and finish machining) is performed in one process and can be programmed and automatically executed on NC machines


Anspruch[en]
The device for the correction of deformations introduced by chip removal operations on workpieces mounted on two supports is placed between the workpiece and the secondary support (Fig.2). The equipment according to claim 1 achieves the relaxation of the workpiece through the release of three degrees of freedom: one rotation around the support axis (torsional relaxation) and two perpendicular translations laid on a plain normal to the supports axis (radial relaxation) (Fig.3). The relaxation procedure is to be used with the equipment according to claim 2 with the following sequence: a. remove T rotational constraint, b. workpiece torsional relaxation (Fig.4), c. restore T rotational constraint, d. orient the equipment so that the radial translation R1 is horizontal (Fig.5), e. remove the radial R1 translation constraint, f. workpiece radial relaxation in direction 1 (horizontal). The relaxation must be performed in horizontal position so that the part's weight doesn't influence the natural position (Fig.6), g. restore R1 translational constraint, h. rotate the equipment (and the workpiece) by 90° so that the radial translation R2 is horizontal (Fig.7), i. remove the radial R2 translation constraint, j. workpiece radial relaxation in claim 2 (horizontal). The relaxation must be performed in horizontal position so that the part's weight doesn't influence the natural position (Fig.8), k. restore R2 translational constraint.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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