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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1602775 18.10.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001602775
Titel Bügelvorrichtung mit Führungsvorrichtung von Werkstücken
Anmelder Primus CE, s.r.o., Pribor, CZ
Erfinder Odersky, Michal, 742 21 Koprivnice, CZ;
Glac, Antonin, 737 01 Horni Zukov, CZ
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 602004008750
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 04.06.2004
EP-Aktenzeichen 040131971
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 07.12.2005
EP date of grant 05.09.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 18.10.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse D06F 69/02(2006.01)A, F, I, 20070807, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse D06F 89/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20070807, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]
Technical field of the invention

The invention concerns an ironing machine with an apparatus for guiding of a workpiece to the folding table of the ironing machine.

State of the art

From EP 1 413 667 A1 , an ironing machine is known that is equipped with so-called balancer, which is a specially modified balance beam consisting of two cylinders by means of which the ironed workpiece, e.g. a sheet, folded up on the folding table. To ensure that the workpiece is placed down on the folding table in the desired way, it was necessary to place a guiding device between the place where the ironed workpiece leaves the ironing cylinder and the folding table to guide the workpiece just above the folding table where the mentioned balancer works. The workpiece is folded up by the so-called "zig-zag" system and the balancing beam cylinders ensure ironing of the edges of workpiece folds.

Fig. 1 shows in a schematic way the ironing machine fitted with the guiding device according to the state of the art, which is then shown in more detail on Fig. 2. It is visible that it consists of a supporting plate, against which the main guiding belt is lead, and this plate and the guiding belt guide the workpiece. The end of the plate is still too high above the folding table and therefore the guiding device includes another cylinder, against which a smaller roller rotates. The workpiece passes between these rollers and then it is laid on the folding table. However, in practice the parameters for ironing cannot sometimes be set up optimally and the workpiece has too high residual moisture content or it is too dry. Due to friction, it is also charged with electrostatic charge, which causes displacement of the workpiece's edges from the desired direction and it is also unpleasant for the operator who receives electric shocks. The undesired displacement of the front workpiece edge occurs immediately after the roller outlet when the workpiece starts to wind up on these rollers, which may spoil the ironing, and the machine must be stopped. If the workpiece is fitted with laces (strings) or bows, these also have a greater tendency to wind up on the rollers. To neutralize the static discharge, special electrodes are used, but their function is not always optimal, because they are mounted close to other constructional parts which partially eliminate their functioning. Apart from that, the device is mounted on a part of the machine that is difficult to access, just as the access to an incorrectly ironed workpiece is also difficult.

The current guiding device is also not very convenient in that the workpiece passes between the main belt and the bottom supporting plate. When a thicker workpiece is ironed and leaves the ironing machine insufficiently dried, then the plate does not deflect upon the resistance of the workpiece and the workpiece gets stuck.

In US 3,079,143 there is a belt conveyor disclosed with a device for folding workpiece directly on the belt conveyor.

The aim of the invention is to present an apparatus for guiding of the workpiece for the ironing machine which would enable faultless leading of the workpiece to the folding table, preventing faulty workpiece displacement and facilitating better function of the electrode eliminating electrostatic discharge.

Summary of the invention

The above shortcomings are eliminated to a great extent by the ironing machine of claim 1.

In an advantageous embodiment the bottom fixed tube is fixed to the frame of the belt conveyor and arranged between the loop of the belts, and the tensioning elements of the belt conveyor are mounted between the frame and the bearing box of the upper driving roller.

In another advantageous embodiment the frame and the axis of the upper driving roller are arranged in a sliding manner on journals respectively in a bearing placed in the bearing box.

In another advantageous embodiment in the lengthwise centre of the conveyor a technological opening covered with technological plate is arranged.

Further it is advantageous when the belts are equipped with steel threads.

For better ironing there an electrode for air ionization can be installed on the ribs and an optical diffuse sensor to control folding, mounted on the belt conveyor above the fixed tube can be installed.

Description of the drawings

The apparatus will be further described with the help of drawings, while Fig. 1 represents the ironing machine with an apparatus for guiding of the workpiece to the folding table of the ironing machine according to the state of the art; Fig. 2 shows this apparatus in detail; Fig. 3 shows the apparatus according to the invention from the side view; Fig. 4 shows the front view of the apparatus from Fig. 3; and Fig. 5 shows the ironing machine with the apparatus for guiding of the workpiece to the ironing machine according to the invention.

Description of illustrative embodiments

Fig. 1 and 2 show the ironing machine 100 with an apparatus 110 for guiding of a workpiece to the folding table of the ironing machine according to the state of the art, which is described above. Fig. 3 shows the side view of the ironing machine with an apparatus according to the invention. It is obvious that it comprises a belt conveyor 50, whose belts 62 fit closely to main belt 5 guided by upper rollers 49 and 17. Main belt 5 and belts 62 in position along each other move in the same direction. The belt conveyor 50 comprises an upper driving roller 63 and a frame or a tensioning structure 60 ended with a fixed bottom tube 69 at the bottom. Between the upper driving roller 63 and the tensioning structure 60, spring-loaded tensioning elements 65 are mounted. It is visible on Fig. 4 that there are several belts 62 (8 in this case), and between them, there are flat separating ribs 61 mounted on the bottom fixed tube 69. These ribs 61 are arranged in such a way that they stick out above belt 62 from the bottom of the bottom fixed tube 69 upwards, approx. to the half-length of belt conveyor 50. These ribs guide individual belts 62 as well as workpiece 6 from tube 69 towards folding table 27, preventing the workpiece from winding back to belts 62 of belt conveyor 50. Optionally, electrode 68 may be mounted on ribs 61 for air ionization on outlet B from belt conveyor and for neutralization of electrostatic charge of the workpiece. Above tube 69, sensor 66 is mounted on belt conveyor 50, which is a part of the evaluation system of the machine function.

It is visible on Fig 4 that there is a free space approx. at a width of one belt in the centre of the belt conveyor. Technological plate 67 is mounted there. In this place, there is no belt and its function is performed by technological plate 67. It is also obvious that while the right edge of the belt conveyer is fixed to the frame of the machine, the left edge is floating on journals 72. Driving roller 63 is also mounted free in horizontal direction on bearing 73 through bearing box 64. This helps eliminate production inaccuracy of width of frame 60 of the belt conveyer or the width of the ironing cylinder; with the belt width of 3.2 m, there may be size variations. At he same time, this installation absorbs heat dilatation of frame of belt conveyor 50 and cylinder 63.

Fig. 5 shows the ironing machine with mounted apparatus according to the invention.

During operation, the ironed workpiece 6 is separated from ironing cylinder 3. If it sticks on it, it is detached by means of detaching metal sheet 25 and runs below guiding plate 51 to the space between the main belt 5 and belts 62 of belt conveyor 50 and between belts 5 and 62 it is guided to outlet B from belt conveyer 50. If the end of the workpiece tends to wind up back to belts 62 of belt conveyor 50, it is detached from belt conveyor 50 owing to the presence of ribs 61 and it is passed down to the folding table 27.

If a thicker workpiece is ironed, then by the resistance that the workpiece creates between the belts and due to the inherent flexibility of belts 62, enhanced by spring-loaded tensioning system of ironing belt 5, the gap between belts 5 and 62 gradually expands and the workpiece passes through.

Belts 62 are fitted with steel threads, which significantly eliminate electrostatic charge. Apart from this, optional electrode 68 may be fitted to rigs 61. Apart from the belt conveyer, there are no cylinders or other structural elements in the proximity of the electrode, therefore ionization is not eliminated by them and is more efficient.

It is also advantageous to use optical diffuse sensor 66. A characteristic property of optical sensor 66 is that the sensor is at the same time an emitter and a receiver of a light beam and the workpiece itself is the reflection surface for this beam. If the sensor receives a beam reflected by the workpiece, it means that the workpiece cuts the extended axis of the sensor. This information is evaluated by the machine control unit and it is basic information to control the folding process of workpiece 6.

An advantage of this solution is also the fact that the ironing machine, which is equipped with an apparatus for the guiding of the workpiece to the folding table according to the older type may be easily modified. It suffices to dismantle the bottom plate and unwinding set of rollers mounted below the outlet from the plate and replace it with the apparatus according to the invention. The current machine may thus easily be modernized in a modular way.


Anspruch[de]
Bügelvorrichtung mit Führungsvorrichtung von Werkstücken zum Faltentisch der Bügelmaschine bestehend aus einem Hauptband (5), der mit den Oberzylinder (17,47) geführt ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß diese weiter aus einem Förderer (50) besteht, auf dem die Bänder (62) zwischen dem oberen Treibzylinder (63) und dem unteren festen Rohr (69) geführt sind, wobei die Bänder (62) des Förderers (50) zum Hauptband (5) anliegen und das zum Führen von dem Werkstück zwischen dem Hauptband (5) und dem Förderer (50), wobei auf dem unteren festen Rohr (69) im Abstand voneinander zwischen den Bändern (62) die Rippen (61) angeordnet sind, und das auf der unteren Seite des Förderers (50), angefangen von unten des Rohres (69) bis ins Drittel bis zur Hälfte der Fördererslänge, wobei die Rippen (61) über die Bänder (62) herausragen und damit dem Werkstück (6) verhindern, sich zu den Bändern (62) zurückaufzuwickeln. Bügelvorrichtung nach dem Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß das untere feste Rohr (69) auf dem Rahmen (60) des Förderers (50) befestigt ist und zwischen der Schlinge von Bändern (62) angeordnet ist und die Spannelemente (65) des Förderers (50) zwischen dem Rahmen (60) und dem Lagergehäuse (64) des oberen Treibzylinders (63) angeordnet sind. Bügelvorrichtung nach den Ansprüchen 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Rahmen (60) und auch die Achse des oberen Treibzylinders (63) verschiebbar auf den Zäpfen respektive im Lager (73) im Lagergehäuse (64) angeordnet sind. Bügelvorrichtung nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß längst des Förderers (50) in seiner Mitte eine technologische Öffnung, die mit einer technologischen Platte (67) bedeckt ist, angeordnet ist. Bügelvorrichtung nach dem Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Bänder (62) mit Stahlfasern versehen sind. Bügelvorrichtung nach den Ansprüchen 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß auf den Rippen (61) eine Luftionisierungselektrode angeordnet ist. Bügelvorrichtung nach dem Anspruch 1 oder 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß über dem unteren festen Rohr (69) auf dem Förderer (50) ein optischer Diffusionssensor (66) zur Faltungssteuerung angeordnet ist.
Anspruch[en]
An ironing machine with an apparatus for guiding of a workpiece (6) to the folding table of the ironing machine comprising a main belt (5) guided by upper rollers (17, 49) characterized in that it comprises further a belt conveyor (50) on which belts (62) are driven between an upper driving roller (63) and a bottom fixed tube (69) the belts (62) of the belt conveyor (50) fitting closely to the main belt (5) for guiding the workpiece (6) between the main belt (5) and the belt conveyor (50), wherein on the bottom fixed tube (69) ribs (61) are mounted in a distance next to each other between the belts (62), the ribs (61) being on the bottom part of the belt conveyor (50), starting below the bottom fixed tube (69) up to one third or half of the length of the belt conveyor (50) and sticking out above the belts (62) from the bottom of the bottom fixed tube (69) thereby preventing the workpiece (6) from winding back to the belts (62). An ironing machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom fixed tube (69) is fixed to the frame (60) of the belt conveyor (50) and arranged between the loop of the belts (62), and the tensioning elements (65) of the belt conveyor (50) are mounted between the frame (60) and the bearing box (64) of the upper driving roller (63). An ironing machine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the frame (60) and the axis of the upper driving roller (63) are arranged in a sliding manner on journals (72) respectively, in a bearing (73) placed in the bearing box (64). An ironing machine according to claims 1 to 3, characterized in that in the lengthwise centre of the conveyor (50), a technological opening covered with technological plate (67) is arranged. An ironing machine according to claim 1, characterised in that the belts (62) are equipped with steel threads. An ironing machine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that there is an electrode (68) for air ionization installed on the ribs (61). An ironing machine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that there is an optical diffuse sensor (66) to control folding, mounted on the belt conveyor (50) above the fixed tube (69).
Anspruch[fr]
Machine à repasser avec dispositif de guidage des pièces d'ouvrage vers la table ge pliage de la machine à repasser comportant la bande principale (5) commandée par les cylindres supérieurs (17,49) caractérisée en ce qu'elle comporte par ailleurs un convoyer (50) sur lequel sont guidées les bandes (62) entre le cylindre de commande supérieur (63) et le tube rigide inférieur (69) les bandes (62) du convoyer (50) étant adjacentes à la bande principale (5) destinée au guidage des pièces d'ouvrage (6) entre la bande principale (5) et le convoyer (50) sur le tube rigide inférieur (69) les nervures (61) étant disposés avec un écartement entre les bandes (62) sur la face inférieure du convoyer (50) les nervures (61) saillissant au-dessus de la bande (62) et empêchant ainsi la pièce d'ouvrage (6) de s'enrouler en arrière en direction de la bande (62). La machine à repasser selon la revendication 1 caractérisée en ce que le tube rigide inférieur (69) est fixé sur le châssis (60) du convoyer et disposé entre la boucle des bandes (62) et les éléments de tension (65) du convoyer (50) étant disposés entre le châssis (60) et le coussinet (64) du cylindre de commande supérieur (63). La machine à repasser selon la revendication 1 ou 2 caractérisée en ce que le châssis (60) et l'axe du cylindre de commande supérieur (63) sont disposés de manière coulissante sur les tourillons (72), plus précisément dans le roulement (73) logé dans le coussinet (64). La machine à repasser selon les revendications 1 à 3 caractérisée en ce qu'au milieu du convoyer (50) est disposé sur sa longueur un orifice technologique couvert par une plaque technologique (67). La machine à repasser selon la revendication 1 caractérisée en ce que les bandes (62) sont pourvues des fibres en acier. La machine à repasser selon la revendication 1 ou 2 caractérisée en ce que sur les nervures (61) est disposée une électrode (68) de ionisation de l'air. La machine à repasser selon la revendication 1 ou 2 caractérisée en ce qu'au-dessus du tube rigide inférieur (69) est disposé sur le conveyor (50) un capteur optique de diffusion (66) pour la commande du pliage.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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