PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1422076 25.10.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001422076
Titel Flüssigkeitsbehälter
Anmelder Kotobuki & Co. Ltd., Kyoto, JP
Erfinder Noguchi, Yoshio c/o Kotobuki & Co., Kawagoe-shi Saitama-ken, JP;
Kageyama, Hidehei c/o Kotobuki & Co., Kawagoe-shi Saitama-ken, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60316240
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 18.11.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 032572745
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 26.05.2004
EP date of grant 12.09.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 25.10.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse B43K 5/18(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse B43K 8/06(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a liquid container having a liquid reservoir for temporarily storing liquid.

Conventional liquid containers of this kind involve a problem that the expansion of air due to the pressure difference between the external atmosphere and the inside among other factors causes the stored liquid to drop from the liquid supply outlet, and there are known many different liquid containers each provided with a liquid reservoir to avoid this problem (as disclosed in, for instance, the Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 5-2989 and the International Publication No. WO97/12765 ).

The liquid reservoir has a reservoir tank consisting of grooves formed like combs, and the reservoir tank is arranged outside the guiding portion in the direction of its outer diameter separated from the guiding portion, the guiding portion connecting a main tank and the supply outlet. The rear end of the liquid reservoir has a liquid flow port communicating with the main tank, while the fore end of the liquid reservoir has an air flow port communicating with the outside.

In the liquid container described above, the liquid having overflowed the main tank as a result of a rise in internal air pressure passes the liquid flow port, settles in the reservoir tank consisting of comb-like grooves and, when the air pressure returns to its previous level, returns from the reservoir tank into the main tank via the liquid flow port. However, the whole quantity of the liquid having overflowed the main tank cannot return to the main tank, and there always remains in the reservoir tank the part of the liquid that does not return to the main tank, resulting in a problem that the part of the liquid that remains in the reservoir tank cannot be used.

In view of the foregoing and other drawbacks, disadvantages and problems of the conventional methods and structures, a first object of the present invention is to provide a liquid container which can temporarily store liquid having overflowed as a result of a variation in air pressure and thereby prevent liquid leaks and, at the same time, allows the use of the whole quantity of the liquid that has temporarily stored.

EP-A-0256615 , US-A-4556336 and US-A-3442597 all disclose liquid containers with a body with a main tank, associated supply outlet and guiding portion to guide liquid from the main tank to the supply outlet.

In order to achieve the object stated above, according to the invention there is provided a liquid container comprising: a body having a main tank in which liquid is stored; a supply outlet positioned at the tip of the body for supplying the liquid; a guiding portion connecting the main tank and the supply outlet to guide the liquid from the main tank to the supply outlet; a liquid reservoir having an air flow port communicating with the outside, a liquid flow port communicating with one of the main tank and the guiding portion, and a reservoir tank for accumulating the liquid overflowing the main tank, wherein:

  • said reservoir tank stores the liquid on a side farther away from the supply outlet than said liquid flow port, and characterised in that the reservoir tank of said liquid reservoir is arranged outside in the radial direction of the main tank.

When the pressure in the main tank rises, the liquid having overflowed the main tank moves from the liquid flow port of the liquid reservoir to the reservoir tank and is stored therein. As this causes the liquid having overflowed the main tank to be shunted into the reservoir tank, the liquid is prevented from flowing out to the supply outlet, and its dropping from the supply outlet can be avoided.

When the pressure in the main tank returns to its previous level, the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank is caused by the pressure of the external atmosphere let in through the air flow port to return from the reservoir tank to the main tank via the liquid flow port. When the supply outlet is directed downward to use the liquid container, the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank is moved toward the liquid flow port by gravity and the pressure of the external atmosphere let in through the air flow port, and is supplied to the supply outlet via the guiding portion. As the reservoir tank stores the liquid on the side farther away from the supply outlet than the liquid flow port, the whole quantity of the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank is directed by gravity toward the liquid flow port. Thus it is made possible to fully use the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank.

In an example, not according to the invention, the reservoir tank may be arranged outside in the radial direction of the guiding portion, and the air flow port may be arranged on the side farther away from the supply outlet than the liquid flow port, and this configuration makes it possible to store the liquid on the side farther away from the supply outlet than the liquid flow port.

The liquid flow port of the liquid reservoir can be arranged on a side of the supply outlet before the connecting point between the main tank and the guiding portion, and this enables the air-tightness within the main tank to be secured by the liquid in the main tank. This configuration serves to prevent air from infiltrating into the main tank and the liquid from dropping from the supply outlet.

Preferably, the main tank should communicate with the external atmosphere only via the air flow port, the reservoir tank and the liquid flow port of the liquid reservoir. This configuration enables the liquid in the reservoir tank, pulled by gravity and placed under the pressure of the external atmosphere all the time, to be supplied to the supply outlet before that in the main tank is supplied to the supply outlet because, when there is liquid in the reservoir tank, the main tank is in a sealed state, isolated from the exterior. flow port to the air flow port. This configuration enables, in a state in which liquid is stored in the reservoir tank, the main tank to be securely kept in a sealed state. The passage can be provided in a shape of spiral or in a shape of proceeding in the axial direction while reciprocating in circumferential directions. It enables the reservoir tank to secure a sufficient capacity.

In an example not according to the invention the liquid flow port can be arranged near the tip of the guiding portion. Further in the guiding portion, a liquid flow path, extending from the main tank to the liquid flow port, for letting a surplus quantity of liquid from the main tank flow can be formed.

Also, it is preferable for the air flow port to communicate with the exterior via an air passage and through an opening provided adjacent to the supply outlet. The air passage can be arranged further outside the reservoir tank in the radial direction.

Further, the body may have an outer cylinder and an inner cylinder concentrically arranged within the outer cylinder, and a groove formed on the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder may constitute the reservoir tank. This makes it possible to store the liquid on the side farther away from the supply outlet than the liquid flow port. Preferably the body further has an intermediate cylinder concentrically arranged between the outer cylinder and the inner cylinder, and a gap formed between the outer circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder constitutes an air passage connecting the air flow port and the exterior, thereby enabling an air passage to be secured. Alternatively, a groove formed on the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder not crossing the groove to be constituted the reservoir tank may constitute an air passage connecting the air flow port and the exterior, and the air passage can be secured in this way. Further, the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder and the groove on the inner cylinder can constitute the reservoir tank, and a linear groove formed on the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder can constitute an air passage connecting the air flow port and the exterior.

Alternatively, the body can have an inner cylinder, an intermediate cylinder on the outer circumferential side of the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder on the outer circumferential side of the intermediate cylinder, the inner circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder and the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder constitute the reservoir tank, and the gap formed between the outer circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder constitute an air passage connecting the air flow port and the exterior. This configuration makes it possible to store the liquid on the side farther away from the supply outlet than the liquid flow port, to secure a sufficient capacity of the reservoir tank and to secure an air passage.

Also, at least part of the internal space of the inner cylinder or the internal space of the outer cylinder may constitute the main tank, or the main tank may be composed of a cartridge detachably connected to part of the body.

Further, components containing the inner cylinder and positioned within the outer cylinder may be inserted from the rear end of the outer cylinder and fitted therewithin.

It is also possible to provide a second reservoir tank facing the guiding portion. The second reservoir tank facing the guiding portion can prevent liquid from dropping from the supply outlet even more securely by storing liquid having overflowed the main tank. The second reservoir tank can be formed in a shape permitting accommodation of liquid or of a liquid holding member capable of absorbing liquid. Or the second reservoir tank may communicate with the external atmosphere by a second air passage.

The present disclosure relates to the subject matter contained in the Japanese Patent Applications Nos. 2002-337975 filed on November 21, 2001 and 2003-365048 filed on October 24, 2002 .

The foregoing and other purposes, aspects and advantages will be better understood from the following detailed description of preferred embodiments of the invention with reference to the drawings, in which:

  • FIG. 1 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a first preferred embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 2 shows a longitudinal partially sectional view of the first preferred embodiment;
  • FIG. 3A shows the bottom and FIG. 3B, a rear view of an inner plug;
  • FIG. 4A shows the bottom and FIG. 4B, a section of a front portion of the inner cylinder;
  • FIG. 5 shows a section of a front portion of an outer cylinder;
  • FIG. 6A shows a view from the tip, and FIG. 6B, a section of an outer cap;
  • FIG. 7A shows a view from the tip, and FIG. 7B, a section of an inner cap;
  • FIG. 8 shows a longitudinal partially sectional view of a modified version of the first preferred embodiment;
  • FIG. 9 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a second preferred embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 10 shows a longitudinal partially sectional view of the second preferred embodiment;
  • FIG. 11 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a third preferred embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 12 shows a longitudinal partially sectional view in which only a part of the third preferred embodiment;
  • FIG. 13 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a fourth preferred embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 14A shows a plan, and FIG. 14B, a rear view of a nib base;
  • FIG. 15A shows the bottom and FIG. 15B, a rear view of an inner plug;
  • FIG. 16 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a fifth preferred embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 17A shows a plan, FIG. 17B, a rear view and FIG. 17C, a section of the inner plug in the fifth preferred embodiment;
  • FIG. 18 shows a modified version of the liquid container of the fifth preferred embodiment of the invention;
  • FIG. 19A shows a plan, FIG. 19B, a rear view, and, FIG. 19C, a section of the inner plug of a modified version of the fifth preferred embodiment;
  • FIG. 20 shows a section of a modified version of the first preferred embodiment;
  • FIG. 21 shows the bottom of the inner plug of the modified version of the first preferred embodiment;
  • FIG. 22 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a sixth example not according to the invention in a state of being removed a cap;
  • FIG. 23 shows a longitudinal section of the liquid container according to the sixth example not according to the invention, in a state of being fitted with a cap;
  • FIG. 24A shows a plan, FIG. 24B, a longitudinal section, and FIG. 24C, an end view along line 24C-24C in FIG. 24B of an intermediate cylinder of the liquid container;
  • FIG. 25A shows a plan, FIG. 25B, a longitudinal section of FIG. 25A and FIG. 25C, the bottom of the inner cylinder;
  • FIG. 26A shows an end view including the intermediate cylinder and a junction core along line 26A-26A, FIG. 26B, a similar end view along line 26B-26B, and FIG. 26C, a similar end view along line 26B-26B in FIG. 25C;
  • FIG. 27A through FIG. 27C, show another example of liquid flow groove, which are respective equivalents of FIG. 26A through FIG. 26C;
  • FIG. 28A through FIG. 28C, show yet another example of liquid flow groove, which are respective equivalents of FIG. 26A through FIG. 26C;
  • FIG. 29A through FIG. 29C, show still another example of liquid flow groove, which are respective equivalents of FIG. 26A through FIG. 26C;
  • FIG. 30A through FIG. 30C, show another example of inner cylinder constituting another reservoir tank, which are respective equivalents of FIG. 25A through FIG. 25C;
  • FIG. 31A through FIG. 31C, show yet another example of inner cylinder constituting reservoir tank, which are respective equivalents of FIG. 25A through FIG. 25C;
  • FIG. 32A through FIG. 32C, show still another example of inner cylinder constituting reservoir tank, which are respective equivalents of FIG. 25A through FIG. 25C;
  • FIG. 33 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a seventh example not according to the invention, in a state of being removed a cap;
  • FIG. 34A shows a plan, FIG. 34B, a view in the direction of arrow 34B in FIG. 34A, and FIG. 34C, a section along line 34C-34C in FIG. 34B of a plug to be used in the seventh example not according to the invention;
  • FIG. 35 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to an eighth example not according to the invention, in a state of being removed a cap;
  • FIG. 36A through FIG. 36C, show an inner cylinder to be used in the eighth example not according to the invention, which are respective equivalents of FIG. 25A through FIG. 25C;
  • FIG. 37 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a ninth example not according to invention, in a state of being removed a cap;
  • FIG. 38 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a tenth example not according to the invention, in a state of being removed a cap;
  • FIG. 39 shows an overall view of a cartridge to be used in the tenth example not according to the invention;
  • FIG. 40 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container, which is an eleventh example not according to the invention, in a state of being removed a cap;
  • FIG. 41 shows a longitudinal section of a cartridge to be used in the eleventh example not according to the invention;
  • FIG. 42 shows a part of an inner cylinder, which is an example of modification of the eighth example not according to the invention;
  • FIG. 43 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a twelfth example not according to the invention, in a state of being removed a cap; and
  • FIG. 44 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a thirteenth example not according to the invention, in a state of being removed a cap.

Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

(First preferred embodiment)

FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 respectively show a longitudinal view with fully sectioned and partially sectioned of a liquid container, which is a first preferred embodiment of the present invention.

This liquid container 10 is provided with a body 12, and the body 12 comprises an outer cylinder 14 and an inner cylinder 16 concentrically inserted into the outer cylinder 14. A part of an internal space of the inner cylinder 16 constitutes a main tank 18, and the main tank 18 accommodates liquid for writing, picture drawing, cosmetic or medicinal use.

From a tip opening 14a provided at the tip of the outer cylinder 14 projects a pen nib 20, which is the liquid supply outlet for supplying liquid to a prescribed position when the vessel is used. The pen nib to serve as the liquid supply outlet for the invention is not limited to one of the form illustrated therein, but can be any other desired pen nib, such as a fountain pen nib, a ballpoint pen point or a felt pen tip.

The base of the pen nib 20 is fixed to an inner plug 22, and the inner plug 22, with its front flange 22a being held between the inner stepped face of the outer cylinder 14 and the front end face of the inner cylinder 16, is fixed to the body 12. It is desirable for the outer diameter of the front flange 22a to be smaller than that of the front end face of the inner cylinder 16, so that this configuration secures passableness between an air passage 16d, to be described afterwards, of the inner cylinder 16 and a space ahead of the inner plug 22. A junction core 24 penetrates the center hole 22b of the inner plug 22, and the rear end of the junction core 24 projects into the main tank 18 while the front end of the junction core 24 is in contact with the pen nib 20. These center hole 22b of the inner plug 22 and junction core 24 constitute a guiding portion for guiding the liquid from the main tank 18 to the pen nib 20. Incidentally, it is also possible to compose the pen nib 20 and the junction core 24 as an integral component.

At the rear end portion of the inner plug 22 is formed a slit 22c, which has some length from the rear end of the inner plug 22 toward its tip and a depth extending in the radial direction from the outer circumferential face not so far as to reach the center hole 22b. The sectional area of that slit 22c is adequate for allowing liquid to shift by capillarity and may be, for instance, approximately not less than 0.1 mm in depth and 0.01 mm to 0.5 mm in width, or the depth and the width being reversed (see FIGS. 3). The depth of the slit 22c can as well be sufficient to reach the center hole 22b as shown in FIG. 11, or a liquid flow port 16a described below may be connected to the junction core 24 via the slit 22c. In that case, the liquid flow port 16a and the junction core 24 should preferably be connected to each other where they face the main tank 18.

Communicating with the slit 22c, the liquid flow port 16a is bored in the circumferential face of the inner cylinder 16 (see FIGS. 4A & B). Continuing from this liquid flow port 16a, one overflowing liquid flow path 16b is formed on the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 16 on the rear side, reverse to the pen nib 20. This overflowing liquid flow path 16b, constituting a reservoir tank 28 together with the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 14, comprises grooves formed on the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 16. In order to secure a sufficient total length of the grooves, namely a sufficient capacity of the reservoir tank, the overflowing liquid flow path 16b is laid in a shape of progressing in the axial direction while extending back and forth in the circumferential direction of the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 16. The overflowing liquid flow path 16b may as well be laid spirally instead of being laid in the illustrated shape.

This reservoir tank 28 is arranged on an outer circumferential side of the main tank 18 being separated by the inner cylinder 16. The rear end of the overflowing liquid flow path 16b constitutes an air flow port 16c. Further, following the air flow port 16c, one linear air flow path 16d is formed on the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 16. This air flow path 16d, constituting an air passage together with the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 14, is formed on the part of the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 16 where the overflowing liquid flow path 16b is not formed, and is a fine groove linearly extending in the axial direction. This air flow path 16d communicates with voids formed between a plurality of ribs 14c formed on the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 14 and with voids formed between a plurality of ribs 14d formed on the inner circumferential face of the very tip of the outer cylinder 14, and further communicates with the exterior through these voids and via the tip opening 14a (see FIG. 5). The liquid flow port 16a, reservoir tank 28 and air flow port 16c constitute a liquid reservoir. Incidentally, either of the ribs 14c and 14d can be omitted.

A cap 30 is detachably fitted to the tip of the outer cylinder 14. The cap 30 is provided with an outer cap 32 (see FIGS. 6 A & B) and an inner cap 34 (see FIGS. 7 A & B) concentrically and slidably inserted into the outer cap 32. A flange 34a is provided at the tip of the inner cap 34, and the flange 34a comes into contact with an annular convex 32a formed on the inner circumferential face of the outer cap 32 to prevent the inner cap 34 from coming off the outer cap 32. The annular convex 32a need not be formed all around but may be a partial rib. On the inner circumferential face of the outer cap 32 are formed ribs 32c that can be snapped onto the outer cylinder 14.

At the top of the outer cap 32 is formed arcuate air flow ports 32b, and at the top of the inner cap 34 is formed arcuate projections 34b that can be inserted into the arcuate air flow ports 32b. Between the top of the outer cap 32 and the top of the inner cap 34, a spring 36 is interposed, which forces the two tops to move away from each other.

When the cap 30 is fitted to the tip of the outer cylinder 14, a snap-on part 14e formed at the tip of the outer cylinder 14 is snapped onto the ribs 32c of the outer cap 32, and the outer cylinder 14, being in contact with the inner cap 34, presses the inner cap 34 out toward the top of the outer cap 32. This causes the inner cap 34 to shift toward the top of the outer cap 32 against the spring force of the spring 36, and the projections 34b of the inner cap 34 are inserted into the air flow ports 32b of the outer cap 32. Therefore, the cap 30 looks as if it had no hole and is not adversely affected in aesthetic appearance. On the other hand, when the cap 30 is removed from the outer cylinder 14, the spring force of the spring 36 causes the projection 34b of the inner cap 34 to come out of the air flow port 32b of the outer cap 32, and the air flow port 32b becomes able to let air flow through. This enables the air flow ports 32b to secure an air tract even if somebody swallows the cap 30 by mistake.

Next will be described the operations of the liquid container 10. In the liquid container 10 configured as described above, if the pressure within the main tank 18 rises to a higher level than the external atmospheric pressure, liquid having overflowed the main tank 18 will pass the slit 22c of the inner plug 22 to flow into the overflowing liquid flow path 16b from the liquid flow port 16a. As this causes the overflowing liquid to be shunted into the reservoir tank 28, no liquid will flow to the pen nib 20, thereby making it possible to prevent the liquid from dropping from the pen nib 20.

When the pressure in the main tank 18 or the external atmospheric pressure returns to the previous level, the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank 28 passes the liquid flow port 16a from the reservoir tank 28 and returns to the main tank 18 via the slit 22c of the inner plug 22.

When the pen nib 20 is turned downward to use the LIQUID CONTAINER 10, the liquid in the main tank 18 is fed to the pen nib 20 at the tip through the junction core 24 as liquid consumption by the pen nib 20 proceeds. Then, the atmospheric pressure is let into the main tank 18 through the air flow port 16c, and the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank 28 is directed toward the liquid flow port 16a and fed to the main tank 18 through the slit 22c. As a result, the whole quantity of liquid having overflowed into the reservoir tank 28 is consumed. The main tank 18 is so configured as to communicate with the exterior via the overflowing liquid flow path 16b constituting the reservoir tank 28 and via the air flow path 16d. As the reservoir tank 28 is configured of a single overflowing liquid flow path 16b and the main tank 18 is above the slit 22c, the interior of the main tank 18 is in a sealed state, isolated from the exterior. In order to use the liquid in the main tank 18 in this state, it is necessary to supply air into the main tank 18, and this results in simultaneous feeding of the liquid having stored in the overflowing liquid flow path 16b, namely the reservoir tank 28, into the main tank 18. In this way, the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank 28 wholly returns to the main tank 18 to be used for the intended purpose of the liquid container.

FIG. 8 shows a modified version of the first preferred embodiment of the invention. While a snap-on part, onto which the cap 30 removed from the tip of the outer cylinder 14 is to be snapped, is formed at the rear end of the body 12, namely the rear end of the inner cylinder 16, in the non-modified version, this modified version differs from the original in that it has no such snap-on part, but it is the same as the original in all other respects. Therefore, no further description of this version will be made.

FIG. 20 shows another modified version of the first preferred embodiment. An inner plug 23 of this version, with its front flange 23a being held between the inner stepped face of the outer cylinder 14 and the front end face of the inner cylinder 16, is fixed to the body 12. The outer diameter of the front flange 23a is somewhat smaller than that of the inner cylinder 16, and this configuration serves to secure passableness between the air flow path 16d of the inner cylinder 16 and the space ahead of the inner plug 23. The junction core 24 penetrates the central hole 23b of the inner plug 23, and the rear end of the junction core 24 protrudes into the main tank 18 while the tip of the junction core 24 is in contact with the pen nib 20. The central hole 23b of this inner plug 23 and the junction core 24 constitute a guiding portion for guiding the liquid from the main tank 18 to the pen nib 20.

At the rear end portion of the inner plug 23 is formed a slit 23c, which has some length from the rear end of the inner plug 23 toward its tip and a depth extending in the radial direction from the outer circumferential face not so far as to reach the center hole 23b. The sectional area of that slit 23c is adequate for allowing liquid to shift by capillarity and may be, for instance, approximately not less than 0.1 mm in depth and 0.01 mm to 0.5 mm in width, or the depth and the width being reversed. The depth of the slit 23c can as well be sufficient to reach the center hole 23b as shown in FIG. 11, or a liquid flow port 16a may be connected to the junction core 24 via the slit 23c. In that case, the liquid flow port 16a and the junction core 24 should preferably be connected to each other where they face the main tank 18.

Communicating with the slit 23c of the inner plug 23, an annular groove 23d is formed on the outer circumferential face of the inner plug 23, and this annular groove 23d communicates with the liquid flow port 16a of the inner cylinder 16. The presence of this annular groove 23d prevents the slit 23c of the inner plug 23 and the liquid flow port 16a of the inner cylinder 16 from communicating directly with each other, but allows them to communicate via the annular groove 23d. Therefore, there is no need for alignment between the slit 23c of the inner plug 23 and the liquid flow port 16a of the inner cylinder 16 in the circumferential direction. In other words, the inner plug 23 can be fitted to the body 12 without requiring any special positioning.

(Second preferred embodiment)

FIG. 9 and FIG. 10 respectively show a longitudinal view with fully sectioned and partially sectioned of a liquid container, which is a second preferred embodiment of the invention.

This liquid container 40 is provided with a body 42, which comprises an outer cylinder 44, an intermediate cylinder 45 concentrically inserted into the outer cylinder 44, and an inner cylinder 46 concentrically inserted into the intermediate cylinder 45. The intermediate cylinder 45 has a reduced diameter portion 45a on its tip end side, the reduced diameter portion 45a being in pressed contact with ribs 44c and 44d within the tip part of the outer cylinder 44, and a gap is formed between the outer circumferential face of an expanded diameter portion 45c farther backward than the reduced diameter portion 45a of the intermediate cylinder 45 and the correspondingly facing inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 44. The inner space of the inner cylinder 46 constitutes a main tank 48, and the main tank 48 accommodates liquid for writing, picture drawing, cosmetic or medicinal use.

From a tip opening 44a provided in the tip part of the outer cylinder 44 protrudes the tip 50a of a pen nib 50, which is the liquid supply outlet for supplying liquid to a prescribed position when the vessel is used.

The pen nib 50 has an extending portion 50b extending backward from the tip 50a, serving as the liquid supply outlet for supplying liquid to a prescribed position when the vessel is used, and the extending portion 50b penetrates the center hole 45b of the reduced diameter portion 45a extending toward the tip of the intermediate cylinder 45. Between the base of the reduced diameter portion 45a of the intermediate cylinder 45 and the tip face of the inner cylinder 46 is held a front flange 52a of an inner plug 52, which is fixed to the body 42. The extending portion 50b also penetrates a center hole 52b of the inner plug 52, and the rear end of the extending portion 50b protrudes into the main tank 48. The center hole 45b of the reduced diameter portion 45a of the intermediate cylinder 45, the center hole 52b of the inner plug 52 and the extending portion 50b of the pen nib 50 constitute a guiding portion for guiding the liquid from the main tank 48 to the tip 50a of the pen nib 50. Incidentally, although the tip 50a of the pen nib 50 and the extending portion 50b are integrally formed here, it is also possible to configure them as separate components.

At the rear end portion of the inner plug 52 is formed a slit 52c, which has some length from the rear end of the inner plug 52 toward its tip and a depth extending in the radial direction from the outer circumferential face not so far as to reach the center hole 52b. The sectional area of that slit 52c is adequate for allowing liquid to shift by capillarity and may be, for instance, approximately not less than 0.1 mm in depth and 0.01 mm to 0.5 mm in width, or the depth and the width being reversed. The depth of the slit 52c can as well be sufficient to reach the center hole 52b as shown in FIG. 11, or a liquid flow port 46a may be connected to the extending portion 50b via the slit 52c. In that case, the liquid flow port 46a and the extending portion 50b should preferably be connected to each other where they face the main tank 48.

The liquid flow port 46a is bored in the circumferential face of the inner cylinder 46 so as to communicate with the slit 52c. Continuing from this liquid flow port 46a is formed one overflowing liquid flow path 46b on the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 46 on the back, i.e. reverse side to the pen nib 20. This overflowing liquid flow path 46b, constituting a reservoir tank 58 together with the inner circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder 45, is a groove formed on the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 46. In order to secure a sufficient total length of the groove, namely a sufficient capacity of the reservoir tank 58, the overflowing liquid flow path 46b is laid in a spiral shape. The groove can as well be laid in any other desired shape than the illustrated spiral shape.

This reservoir tank 58 is arranged on an outer circumferential side of the main tank 48 being separated by the inner cylinder 46. The rear end of the overflowing liquid flow path 46b constitutes an air flow port 46c. The air flow port 46c is formed between a stepped face formed in the rear part of the inner cylinder 46 and the rear end face of the intermediate cylinder 45, communicates with a gap formed between the outer circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder 45 and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 44, and further communicates with a void formed between a plurality of ribs 44c formed on the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 44 and between the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 44 and the reduced diameter portion 45a of the intermediate cylinder 45 and with another void formed between a plurality of ribs 44d and between the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 44 and the reduced diameter portion 45a of the intermediate cylinder 45, resulting in communication with the exterior via this void, through the tip opening 44a. The liquid flow port 46a, the reservoir tank 58 and the air flow port 46c constitute the liquid reservoir.

The liquid container 40 configured as described above according to the second preferred embodiment of the invention, provides the same effects and advantages as the liquid container 10 according to the first preferred embodiment. In this second preferred embodiment, the main tank 48 communicates with the external atmosphere through the gap between the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 44 and the outer circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder 45, and via the air flow port 46c, the overflowing liquid flow path 46b, the liquid flow port 46a and the slit 52c. In this embodiment, also, when the pressure in the main tank 48 rises, the liquid having overflowed the main tank 48 is shunted into the reservoir tank 58 and, when the liquid container is to be used, the liquid in the reservoir tank 58 returns to the main tank 48 and can be used in its full quantity.

(Third preferred embodiment)

Now, FIG. 11 and FIG. 12 respectively show a longitudinal view with fully sectioned and partially sectioned of a liquid container, which is a third preferred embodiment of the present invention. In these drawings, the same constituent members as in the foregoing preferred embodiments will be denoted by respectively the same reference signs, and their detailed description will be dispensed with.

This liquid container 60 is provided with a body 62, which comprises the outer cylinder 44, an intermediate cylinder 65 concentrically inserted into the outer cylinder 44, and an inner cylinder 66 concentrically inserted into the intermediate cylinder 65.

The intermediate cylinder 65 has a reduced diameter portion 65a on its tip end side, the reduced diameter portion 65a being in pressed contact with the ribs 44c and 44d within the tip part of the outer cylinder 44, and a gap is formed between the outer circumferential face of an expanded diameter portion 65c farther backward than the reduced diameter portion 65a of the intermediate cylinder 65 and the correspondingly facing inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 44. The inner space of the inner cylinder 66 constitutes a main tank 68, and the main tank 68 accommodates liquid for writing, picture drawing, cosmetic or medicinal use.

Between the base of the reduced diameter portion 65a of the intermediate cylinder 65 and the tip face of the inner cylinder 66 is held a front flange 53a of an inner plug 53, which is fixed to the body 62. The extending portion 50b also penetrates a center hole 53b of the inner plug 53, and the rear end of the extending portion 50b protrudes into the main tank 68. The center hole 65b of the reduced diameter portion 65a of the intermediate cylinder 65, the center hole 53b of the inner plug 53 and the extending portion 50b of the pen nib 50 constitute a guiding portion for guiding the liquid from the main tank 68 to the tip 50a of the pen nib 50. At the rear end portion of the inner plug 53 is formed a slit 53c, which has some length from the rear end of the inner plug 53 toward its tip and a depth reaching the center hole 53b. The depth may as well be smaller than that and not reach the center hole 53b. The sectional area of that slit 53c is adequate for allowing liquid to shift by capillarity and may be, for instance, approximately not less than 0.1 mm in depth and 0.01 mm to 0.5 mm in width, or the depth and the width being reversed.

A liquid flow port 66a is bored in the circumferential face of the inner cylinder 66 so as to communicate with the slit 53c of the inner plug 53. Continuing from this liquid flow port 66a is formed a gap between the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 66 and the inner circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder 65, and this gap constitutes a reservoir tank 78. Between the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 66 and the inner circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder 65 should preferably be formed ribs 66d and 65d as appropriate to prevent liquid from sticking to the wall within the reservoir tank 78. As many ribs as desired can be arranged.

At the read end of the reservoir tank 78 is formed an air flow port 66c. The air flow port 66c should preferably be about 0.01 mm to 0.5 mm either in height or in width or in both. The air flow port 66c is formed between a stepped face formed in the rear part of the inner cylinder 66 and the rear end face of the intermediate cylinder 65, communicates with a gap formed between the outer circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder 65 and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 44, further communicates with a void formed between the plurality of ribs 44c formed on the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 44 and between the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 44 and the reduced diameter portion 65a of the intermediate cylinder 65 and with another void formed between the plurality of ribs 44d and between the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 44 and the reduced diameter portion 65a of the intermediate cylinder 65, resulting in communication with the exterior via this void, through the tip opening 44a. The liquid flow port 66a, the reservoir tank 78 and the air flow port 66c constitute the liquid reservoir.

The liquid container 60 configured as described above according to the third preferred embodiment of the invention, provides the same effects and advantages as the liquid containers 10 and 40 according to the earlier described preferred embodiments.

(Fourth preferred embodiment)

Now, FIG. 13 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a fourth preferred embodiment of the invention. In this drawing, the same constituent members as in the foregoing preferred embodiments will be denoted by respectively the same reference signs, and their detailed description will be dispensed with.

This liquid container 80 is provided with the body 12, which comprises the outer cylinder 14, and an inner cylinder 16 concentrically inserted into the outer cylinder 14. A part of the inner space of the inner cylinder 16 constitutes the main tank 18, and the main tank 18 accommodates liquid for writing, picture drawing, cosmetic or medicinal use.

The base of the pen nib 20 is fixed to an inner plug 92, and the inner plug 92, with its front flange 92a being held between the inner stepped face of the outer cylinder 14 and the front end face of the inner cylinder 16, is fixed to the body 12. It is desirable for the outer diameter of the front flange 92a to be smaller than that of the front end face of the inner cylinder 16, so that this configuration secures passableness between the air passage 16d of the inner cylinder 16 and a space ahead of the inner plug 92. While the inner plug is a single component in the first preferred embodiment, in this embodiment there are the inner plug 92 and a nib base 93, the rear end of the latter being inserted into the tip part of the inner plug 92. A center hole 92b of the inner plug 92 and a center hole 93a of the nib base 93 are aligned linearly, and the junction core 24 penetrates the center hole 92b and the center hole 93a aligned on a straight line. These center hole 92b of the inner plug 92, center hole 93a of the nib base 93 and junction core 24 constitute a guiding portion for guiding the liquid from the main tank 18 to the pen nib 20.

At the rear end portion of the inner plug 92 is formed a slit 92c (see FIGS. 15), which has some length from the rear end of the inner plug 92 toward its tip and a depth extending in the radial direction from the outer circumferential face not so far as to reach the center hole 92b. The sectional area of that slit 92c is adequate for allowing liquid to shift by capillarity and may be, for instance, approximately not less than 0.1 mm in depth and 0.01 mm to 0.5 mm in width, or the depth and the width being reversed. The depth of the slit 92c can as well be sufficient to reach the center hole 92b as shown in FIG. 11, or the liquid flow port 16a may be connected to the junction core 24 via the slit 92c. In that case, the liquid flow port 16a and the junction core 24 should preferably be connected to each other where they face the main tank 18.

Inside the nib base 93 is provided a liquid holding member 95 consisting of a material capable of absorbing liquid, such as padding or sponge. This liquid holding member 95, facing the guiding portion, is in contact with the outer circumference of the junction core 24, and serves as a second reservoir tank for storing the liquid overflowing the junction core 24, apart from the reservoir tank 28.

A fine groove is formed on the outer surface of the nib base 93, and this groove constitutes an air passage 93b (see FIG. 14). This groove can be about 0.01 mm to 0.5 mm either in width or in height or in both. This air passage 93b passes a gap between the rear end face of the nib base 93 and the inner plug 92 and communicates with the liquid holding member 95. The air passage 93b passes a gap between a stepped face 93d of the nib base 93 and the front end face of the inner plug 92, and further through a gap between the outer circumferential face of the nib base 93 and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 14, and further through the void formed between the plurality of ribs 14c formed on the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 14, another void formed between the plurality of ribs 14d and the tip opening 14a, communicates with the exterior. As in the first preferred embodiment, the air flow path 16d also communicates with the void formed between the plurality of ribs 14c formed on the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 14 and with the other void formed between the plurality of ribs 14d formed on the inner circumferential face of the very tip of the outer cylinder 14, and communicates with the exterior via these voids, and the tip opening 14a.

In this preferred embodiment, as in the first preferred embodiment, when the pressure in the main tank 18 rises, the liquid having overflowed the main tank 18 is shifted from the liquid flow port 16a to the overflowing liquid flow path 16b passing the slit 92c of the inner plug 92, and shunted into the reservoir tank 28; at the same time, in the guiding portion as well, the liquid holding member 95 absorbs the liquid to prevent from dropping from the pen nib 20 even more securely.

(Fifth preferred embodiment)

Now, FIG. 16 shows a longitudinal section of a fifth preferred embodiment of the present invention. In this drawing, the same constituent members as in the foregoing preferred embodiments will be denoted by respectively the same reference signs, and their detailed description will be dispensed with.

A liquid container 100 of this preferred embodiment, is provided with a nib base 113 in place of the nib base 93 in the fourth preferred embodiment, and the rear end of the nib base 113 is inserted into the tip of the inner plug 92. The center hole 92b of the inner plug 92 and a center hole 113a of the nib base 113 are aligned linearly, and the junction core 24 penetrates the center hole 92b and the center hole 113a aligned on a straight line. These center hole 92b of the inner plug 92, center hole 113a of the nib base 113 and junction core 24 constitute a guiding portion for guiding the liquid from the main tank 18 to the pen nib 20.

A plurality of radially extending ribs 113c are formed within the nib base 113, and a space between adjoining ribs 113c constitutes a second reservoir tank 118 for storing liquid (see FIGS. 17).

A fine groove is formed on the outer surface of the nib base 113, and this groove constitutes an air passage 113b (see FIG. 17). This groove can be about 0.01 mm to 0.5 mm either in width or in height or in both. This air passage 113b passes a gap between the rear end face of the nib base 113 and the inner plug 92 and communicates with the second reservoir tank 118. The air passage 113b passes the gap between the stepped face 113d of the nib base 113 and the front end face of the inner plug 92, and further through the gap between the outer circumferential face of the nib base 113 and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 14, and further through the void formed between the plurality of ribs 14c formed on the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 14, the other void formed between the plurality of ribs 14d and the tip opening 14a, communicates with the exterior.

In this preferred embodiment, as in the fourth preferred embodiment, when the pressure in the main tank 18 rises, the liquid having overflowed the main tank 18 is shifted from the liquid flow port 16a to the overflowing liquid flow path 16b past the slit 92c of the inner plug 92, and shunted into the reservoir tank 28; at the same time, in the guiding portion as well, the second reservoir tank 118 can store the liquid to enable dropping from the pen nib 20 to be prevented even more securely.

FIG. 18 shows a modified version of the liquid container of the fifth preferred embodiment of the invention. In this drawing, the same constituent members as in the foregoing preferred embodiments will be denoted by respectively the same reference signs, and their detailed description will be dispensed with.

In this embodiment, only the shape of ribs 123c of a nib base 123 differs from the nib base 113 of the original fifth preferred embodiment, but in all other respects the nib base 113 of the fifth preferred embodiment is the same as the nib base 123. While the section of the ribs 113c in the fifth preferred embodiment is fragmentally shaped and that of the second reservoir tank 118 formed by adjoining ribs 113c is sector-shaped, the ribs 123c of this modifier version have a sector-shaped section, resulting in a fragmentally shaped section of a second reservoir tank formed by spaces between the adjoining ribs 123c. This version, in which the second reservoir tank 128 operates similarly to the second reservoir tank 118, provides the same effects and advantages as the original fifth preferred embodiment.

(Sixth example not according to the invention)

FIG. 22 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a sixth example not according to the invention.

This liquid container 210 is provided with a body 212, which comprises an outer cylinder 214, an intermediate cylinder 215, an inner cylinder 216 and a tail plug 217. The intermediate cylinder 215 and the inner cylinder 216, together with a junction core 224 and a pen nib 220 described afterwards, are all inserted concentrically into an outer cylinder 214 from its rear end and fitted, and the rear end of the outer cylinder 214 is closed by the tail plug 217. A part of the internal space of the rear part of the inner cylinder 216 constitutes a main tank 218, and the main tank 218 accommodates liquid for writing, picture drawing, cosmetic or medicinal use.

From a tip opening 214a provided in the tip part of the outer cylinder 214 protrudes a pen nib 220, which is the liquid supply outlet for supplying liquid to a prescribed position when the vessel is used. The pen nib to serve as the liquid supply outlet for the invention is not limited to one of the form illustrated therein, but can be any other desired pen nib, such as a fountain pen nib, a ballpoint pen point or a felt pen tip.

The base of the pen nib 220 is fixed to the intermediate cylinder 215, which is, held and fixed between the internal stepped face of the outer cylinder 214 and the external stepped face of the central part of the inner cylinder 216 within the outer cylinder 214. As shown in FIGS. 24, on the outer face of the intermediate cylinder 215 is formed one air groove 215a extending in the axial direction, and the air groove 215a extends to the vicinity of the tip opening 214a of the outer cylinder 214. An air passage 222 is defined between the air groove 215a and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 214. An air flow port 215b is formed at the rear end of the air groove 215a, and penetrates the circumferential wall of the intermediate cylinder 215. Furthermore, the intermediate cylinder 215 are formed ribs 215c and 215d on the front and the rear thereof, each extending in the circumferential direction and expanding in the direction of the outer diameter. The rib 215c is for fixing the intermediate cylinder 215 within the outer cylinder 214, while the rib 215d extends annularly to fix the intermediate cylinder 215 within the outer cylinder 214 and secure air-tightness between the intermediate cylinder 215, and the outer cylinder 214. A rib 215e is formed within the inner circumferential face of the tip of the intermediate cylinder 215, and expands in the direction of the inner diameter to fix the pen nib 220, and the rear end part of the rib 215e further step-likely projects in the direction of the inner diameter, to prevent the pen nib 220 from sinking into the body 212.

As stated above, a part of an internal space 216a in the rear part of the inner cylinder 216 and the tail stopper 217 constitute the main tank 218, and a center hole 216b of the front part of the inner cylinder 216 communicating with the internal space 216a, together with the junction core 224, constitute a guiding portion. Thus, as the junction core 224 penetrates the center hole 216b, and the rear end of the junction core 224 protrudes into the main tank 218 and the tip of the junction core 224 is in contact with the pen nib 220, the center hole 216b of the inner cylinder 216 and the junction core 224 constitute the guiding portion for guiding the liquid from the main tank 218 to the pen nib 220. Incidentally, it is also possible to configure the pen nib 220 and the junction core 224 as an integrated component. In the center hole 216b is formed a single liquid flow groove (liquid flow path) 216c extending in the axial direction.

In the inner cylinder 216, as shown in FIGS. 25, there is formed a liquid flow port 216d penetrating the circumferential wall of the cylinder in its fore part, and this liquid flow port 216d communicates with the liquid flow groove 216c. Further, communicating with this liquid flow port 216d, a groove 216e spirally extends on the outer circumferential face of the fore part of the inner cylinder 216, and the groove 216e, together with the inner circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder 215, constitutes a spiral reservoir tank 228. The spirally extending groove 216e extends backwards, and a liquid and air groove (or air flow port) 216f, formed at the rear end of the groove 216e, is connected to an annular groove 216i, which communicates with the air flow port 215b of the intermediate cylinder 215. Thus, the reservoir tank 228 is configured of a single spiral passage, and this configuration serves to secure a sufficient capacity and prevents the liquid from becoming mixed with air. The reservoir tank 228 is isolated from the guiding portion by the front circumferential wall of the inner cylinder 216, and communicates only by way of the liquid flow port 216d. Relative positioning of the inner cylinder 216 and the intermediate cylinder 215 in the circumferential direction can be dispensed with, and the assembling facilitated, by connecting the liquid and air groove (or air flow port) 216f and the air flow port 215b by way of the annular groove 216i.

Furthermore, a plurality of ribs 216h protruding toward the junction core 224 are formed in the boundary part between the internal space 216a of the inner cylinder 216 and the center hole 216b to protect the rear end part of the junction core 224, however these ribs 216h can be omitted.

These liquid flow port 216d, reservoir tank 228 and air flow port 215b constitute the liquid reservoir.

A cap 230 is detachably fitted to the tip of the outer cylinder 214. The cap 230 is provided with an outer cap 232, an inner cap 234 concentrically and slidably inserted into the outer cap 232 and made slidable, and a spring 236 interposed between the inside of the top of the outer cap 232 and the top of the inner cap 234 to press them in the direction of forcing them away from each other. At the tip of the inner cap 234 is provided a flange 234a, which is in contact with an annular convex 232a formed on the inner circumferential face of the outer cap 232 to prevent the inner cap 234 from coming off the outer cap 232. The annular convex 232a may either be provided all around the circumference or may consist of ribs formed in the circumferential direction separated from each other. On the inner circumferential face of the outer cap 232 are formed ribs 232c that can be snapped onto the outer cylinder 214. When the cap 230 is fitted to the tip of the outer cylinder 214, the ribs 232c of the outer cap 232 snap onto the outer cylinder 214, and the inner cap 234 is in close contact with the vicinity of the outer cylinder 214 to secure air-tightness.

Within the main tank 218, a stirring bar 238 is movably disposed if the main tank 218 is filled with a liquid which needs stirring.

Next will be described the operations of the liquid container 210. In the liquid container 210 configured as described above, when the pressure in the main tank 218 rises relative to the external atmospheric pressure, the liquid having overflowed the main tank 218 passes the liquid flow groove 216c of the inner cylinder 216, and shifts from the liquid flow port 216d to the reservoir tank 228. In the reservoir tank 228, as the liquid flow port 216d is located in the front and the air flow port 215b is located in the back, the overflowing liquid flows from front to back (upward from below). The reservoir tank 228 is a single passage consisting of the groove 216e, and the liquid flows along that passage. The air which has been present in the reservoir tank 228 passes the liquid and air groove (or air flow port) 216f and the air flow port 215b, then passes the air passage 222, and further passes a gap (opening) formed between the inner circumferential face of the tip part of the outer cylinder 214 and the pen nib 220 to be discharged outside. Arrows in FIG. 22 represent these flows of liquid and air.

Since the overflowing liquid is shunted into the reservoir tank 228 as described above, no quantity of this liquid flows to the pen nib 220, and dropping from the pen nib 220 can be thereby prevented.

When the pressure in the main tank 218 or the external atmospheric pressure returns to its previous level, at least part of the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank 228 passes the liquid flow port 216d from the reservoir tank 228, and further passes the liquid flow groove 216c of the inner cylinder 216 to return to the main tank 218.

Next, when the pen nib 220 is turned downward to use the liquid container 210, the liquid in the main tank 218 is fed to the pen nib 220 at the tip through the junction core 224 as liquid consumption by the pen nib 220 proceeds. When any quantity of liquid is stored in the liquid reservoir, i.e. the reservoir tank 228, the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank 228, partly under the additional influence of gravity, is directed toward the liquid flow port 216d, and passes the liquid flow groove 216c to be fed either into the main tank 218 or to the pen nib 220 from the junction core 224.

Eventually, the full quantity of liquid having overflowed the reservoir tank 228 is consumed. The configuration is such that the main tank 218 communicates with the exterior via the liquid flow groove 216c and the liquid reservoir, and the reservoir tank 228 is configured of a single passage. In this state, in order to feed air into the main tank 218 to use the liquid in the main tank 218, the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank 228 has to return to the liquid flow port 216d. In this way, the full quantity of the liquid having stored in the reservoir tank 228 returns to the main tank 218 to become available for use.

The invention further has the following characteristics.

  • As the liquid flow groove 216c is adjacent to the peripheral surface of the junction core 224 and this liquid flow groove 216c is connected to the liquid flow port 216d, the overflowing liquid can flow from the main tank 218 to the reservoir tank 228 even under low pressure. Various modified shapes of this liquid flow groove 216c are conceivable in addition to what is shown in FIGS. 26. Some examples of modification are shown in FIGS. 27 through FIG. 29. While the example shown in FIGS. 26 has a wide groove in one circumferential part of the center hole 216b into which the junction core 224 is to be inserted and this groove constitutes the liquid flow groove 216c, in the example of FIG. 27 a groove is formed all around the center hole 216b into which the junction core 224 is to be inserted and this groove constitutes the liquid flow groove 216c. In the example of FIGS. 28, the sectional shape of the center hole 216b into which the junction core 224 is to be inserted is not round but rectangular, and gaps that are formed when the junction core 224 having the circular section is inserted into the center hole 216b constitute the liquid flow groove 216c. In the example of FIGS. 29, a deep groove is formed in one circumferential part of the center hole 216b into which the junction core 224 is to be inserted and this groove constitutes the liquid flow groove 216c. These examples are not the only available alternatives, but the liquid flow groove 216c can have any desired configuration. Such a liquid flow groove 216c enables the liquid having overflowed the main tank 218 to readily flow along the liquid flow groove 216c to shift to the liquid reservoir.
  • While the usual configuration of the reservoir tank of a conventional liquid reservoir is a pleated mechanism in a comb-like shape to utilize capillarity, the conventional pleated mechanism requires enhanced capillarity to increase the force to hold the liquid, and this is achieved by narrowing the spacing between the comb teeth especially in the part closer to the main tank and widening it toward the front, which requires precision machining with a tolerance of 0.15 mm to 1 mm. Unlike that, the reservoir tank 228 according to the invention requires no such construction, the spacing between adjacent grooves 216e can be around 1 mm, which means remarkable molding ease and can ensure improved moldability.
  • When this liquid container 210 is held upright for use, the gravity of the liquid in the main tank 218 is transmitted from the junction core 224 to the pen nib 220, the gravity of the liquid contained in the junction core 224 wholly acts on the pen nib 220. As a result, if the volume of the liquid of the main tank is the same, a shorter junction core 224 would be more advantageous because it helps reduce the quantity of liquid applying on the pen nib 220. As the reservoir tank 228 according to the invention does not use capillarity, the width of the groove 216e can be increased, and the volume of the spatial part of the reservoir tank 228 can be increased, the overall length of the reservoir tank 228 can be made shorter than a conventional reservoir tank having the same capacity, and the length from the main tank 218 to the pen nib 220, i.e. the length of the junction core 224 can be reduced compared with the conventional configuration.
  • While the function of the conventional pleated mechanism is maintained by increasing its wettability by treating the pleats themselves with acid, the reservoir tank 228 according to the invention is intended for storing, rather than holding, liquid and accordingly requires no acid treatment.
  • As the conventional pleated mechanism is molded with a split pattern, the split line of the die remains on the surface of the mechanism. Furthermore, whereas a fine groove for liquid is formed at the rear end to let in liquid from the main tank, during assembly, application of high pressure in fitting could cause clogging of that fine groove, making its adjustment extremely difficult, the reservoir tank 228 without such a fine groove for liquid readily permits pressly fitting into the outer cylinder. Furthermore, where the inner cylinder 216, which is an integral unit, defines the main tank 218 and also forms the groove 216e constituting the reservoir tank 228 as in this preferred embodiment, the sealing of the main tank 218 can be kept tight enough.

The configuration of the reservoir tank 228 is not limited to a single spiral passage formed of the spiral groove 216e shown in FIGS. 25, but it can as well use a shape in which, as shown in FIGS. 30, the groove 216e proceeds one way in the axial direction while reciprocating in the circumferential direction in the outer circumferential face. Alternatively, as shown in FIGS. 31, it is also possible to use a shape in which many annular grooves 216e are formed and the liquid and air groove (or air flow port) 216f which extends linearly connecting those annular grooves 216e is further formed. In the reservoir tank 228 in this case, as there is a single liquid and air groove 216f constituting a one-way passage, similar operations can be achieved without letting any liquid-air exchange to occur. It is further possible to configure a single spiral passage formed of a spiral groove 216e as shown in FIGS. 32.

(Seventh example not according to the invention)

FIG. 33 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a seventh example not according to the invention. This embodiment differs from the sixth example not according to the invention in that the rear end part of the junction core 224 extends farther toward the main tank 218 than in the sixth example not according to the invention, and a plug 240 is fitted to that extended rear end part. The plug 240, as shown in FIGS. 34, has a flange 240a, a plurality of (four) pillars 240b extending backward from the flange 240a, a bottom 240c to which the rear end of each of the pillars 240b is connected, and openings 240d formed between adjoining pillars 240b.

This plug 240 prevents the junction core 224 from coming into direct contact at the rear end with the liquid in the main tank 218, but the liquid in the main tank 218 flows to the guiding portion via the openings 240d formed in the flanks of the plug 240. In this way, the gravity of the liquid in the main tank 218 is prevented from directing acting on the junction core 224, and the liquid is prevented even more securely from undesirably flowing to the pen nib 220 via the junction core 224.

(Eighth example not according to the invention)

FIG. 35 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to an eighth example not according to the invention. This embodiment differs from the sixth example not according to the invention in that while the air passage 222 is formed between the outer circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder 215 and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 214 in the sixth example not according to the invention, in this eighth preferred embodiment the air passage 222 is formed between the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 216 and the inner circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder 215. For this reason, in the inner cylinder 216, as shown in FIGS. 36, an air groove 216g is formed, which extends in the axial direction to a different position in the circumferential direction from that of the groove 216e and communicates with the air flow port 216f, and the air groove 216g and the inner circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder 215 constitute the air passage 222. The groove 216e proceeds in the axial direction while reciprocating in the outer circumferential face in the circumferential direction without crossing the air groove 216g. The air groove 216g constituting the air passage 222 and the groove 216e constituting the reservoir tank 228 do not communicate directly with each other but only via the air flow port 216f.

This preferred embodiment, can provide operations similar to those of the sixth example not according to the invention. When surplus overflowing liquid is stored in the reservoir tank 228, air in the reservoir tank 228 is discharged via the air passage 222.

Although the air groove 216g in this example extends to a different position in the circumferential direction from the groove 216e, it is also possible, as a modification of this example, to form the air groove 216g in the circumferential face of a spiral wall, formed between each groove 216e and the adjoining groove 216e in order to configure the groove 216e spirally (see FIG. 42). The air groove 216g will then spirally extent in parallel to, but will not cross, the groove 216e. In this way, the shape of the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder 216 need not be differentiated in shape, which means an advantage in molding as well.

(Ninth example not according to the invention)

FIG. 37 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a ninth example not according to the invention. This example differs from the sixth example in the configuration of the body 212. Instead of composing the main tank 218 of the inner cylinder 216, part of an internal space 214b in the rear part of the outer cylinder 214, together with the tail stopper 217, constitutes the main tank. Further, the inner cylinder 216 extends from the tip part of the outer cylinder 214 to midway in the back-and-forth directions, and the rear end part of the inner cylinder 216 is in tight contact with the outer cylinder 214 to maintain the air-tightness of the main tank 218. This ninth example, can provide operations similar to those of other preferred embodiments and examples.

(Tenth example not according to the invention)

FIG. 38 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a tenth example not according to the invention. In this example, the configuration of the body 212 differs from that in the sixth example. Instead of composing the main tank 218 of the inner cylinder 216, the main tank 218 is configured in a cartridge type, comprising a cartridge 244 detachable from the inner cylinder 216 and the outer cylinder 214. The inner cylinder 216 extends from the tip part of the outer cylinder 214 to midway in the back-and-forth directions, and the rear end part of the inner cylinder 216 is in tight contact with the outer cylinder 214.

Though the cartridge 244 can be configured in any desired manner, the cartridge 244 in this example, as shown in FIG. 37, comprises a cartridge body 246 and a tip plug 248, and an internal space 246a of the cartridge body 246 constitutes the main tank 218. On the rear outer circumferential face of the cartridge body 246 is formed a male thread 246b to engage with a female thread 214c formed in the rear end of the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 214, and the cartridge body 246 is screwed into the outer cylinder 214. The tip of the tip plug 248 is inserted into an annular groove 216j formed in the read end of the inner cylinder 216. When the cartridge 244 is still unused, a stirring ball 250 blocks the opening in the tip plug 248 to serve as a seal cap. Once the cartridge 244 is connected to the inner cylinder 216, the stirring ball 250 detaches itself from the inner circumferential face of the tip plug 248, and is inserted into the main tank 218 to perform the role of stirring the liquid in the main tank 218. This tenth example can provide operations similar to those of other preferred embodiments and examples.

(Eleventh example not according to the invention)

FIG. 40 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to an eleventh example not according to the invention. This example also has a cartridge type configuration. A cartridge 252, as shown in FIG. 41, comprises a cartridge body 254 and a tip plug 256, and an internal space 254a of the cartridge body 254 constitutes the main tank 218.

Furthermore, the outer cylinder 214 is composed of a front outer cylinder 214A and a rear outer cylinder 214B to be screwed onto each other, and the cartridge 252 can be connected to an inner cylinder 216 in a state in which the rear outer cylinder 214B is detached from the front outer cylinder 214A, and the tip of the tip plug 256 is inserted into the annular groove 216j formed in the rear end of the inner cylinder 216. Into the internal space 254a of the cartridge body 254 is inserted a stirring ball 258. When the cartridge 252 is still unused, the stirring ball 258 blocks the opening in the tip plug 256 to serve as a seal cap. Once the cartridge 252 is connected to the inner cylinder 216, the stirring ball 258 detaches itself from the inner circumferential face of the tip plug 256, and is inserted into the main tank 218 to perform the role of stirring the liquid in the main tank 218.

This eleventh example can provide operations similar to those of other preferred embodiments and examples.

(Twelfth example not according to the invention)

FIG. 43 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a twelfth example not according to the invention. This example is a modification of the eighth example. The air passage 222 in the eighth example is arranged in substantially the same position in the radial direction of the groove 216e, instead of outside the radial direction. In this twelfth example the same configuration is used. Furthermore, the intermediate cylinder 215 is shortened, and the air passage 222 is composed of the air groove 216g in the inner cylinder 216, the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 214, the air groove 215a of the intermediate cylinder 215, and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 214. Additionally, in order to establish communication between the air groove 216g and the air groove 215a, an annular groove 215f is formed in the rear end part of the air groove 215a of the intermediate cylinder 215, and the positioning between the inner cylinder 216 and the intermediate cylinder 215 in the circumferential direction is made dispensable by establishing communication between the air groove 216g and the air groove 215a via the annular groove 215f. This example can provide the same operation as the eighth example.

(Thirteenth example not according to the invention)

FIG. 44 shows a longitudinal section of a liquid container according to a thirteenth example not according to the invention. This example, like the twelfth example, is a modification of the eighth example. In this thirteenth example, the intermediate cylinder 215 is completely omitted, and the air passage 222 is configured of the air groove 216g in the inner cylinder 216 and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder 214. In this case, the base of the pen nib 220 can be fixed directly to the outer cylinder 214, not to the intermediate cylinder 215. This example can provide the same operation as the eighth example and, moreover, permits a reduction in the number of components.

While the invention has been described in terms of several preferred embodiments, those skilled in the art will recognize that the invention can be practised with modification within the scope of the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10): mit einem Gehäuse (12) mit einem Haupttank (18), in dem Flüssigkeit gespeichert ist; mit einer Zuführöffnung (20), die an der Spitze des Körpers zum Zuführen der Flüssigkeit positioniert ist; mit einem Führungsbereich, der mit dem Haupttank und der Zuführöffnung verbunden ist, um die Flüssigkeit vom Haupttank zur Zuführöffnung zu leiten; mit einem Flüssigkeitsbehälter mit einer Luftstromöffnung (16c), die mit der Außenseite verbunden ist, einer Flüssigkeitsausströmöffnung (16a), die entweder mit dem Haupttank oder dem Führungsbereich verbunden ist, und einem Sammelbehälter (28) zum Sammeln der Flüssigkeit, die aus dem Haupttank überläuft, wobei: - der Sammelbehälter (28) die Flüssigkeit auf einer Seite sammelt, die weiter von der Zuführöffnung entfernt ist als die Flüssigkeitsausströmöffnung, und dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass der Sammelbehälter des Flüssigkeitsbehälters außerhalb in radialer Richtung des Haupttanks (48) angeordnet ist. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Flüssigkeitsausströmöffnung (16a) des Flüssigkeitsbehälters auf einer Seite der Zuführöffnung (20) vor einem Verbindungspunkt zwischen dem Haupttank (18) und dem Führungsbereich angeordnet ist. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 2, wobei der Haupttank (18) mit der Außenatmosphäre nur über die Luftstromöffnung (16c), dem Sammelbehälter (28) und der Flüssigkeitsausströmöffnung (16a) des Flüssigkeitsbehälters verbunden ist. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der Sammelbehälter (28) aus einer einzelnen Leitung, die sich von der Flüssigkeitsausströmöffnung (16a) zur Luftstromöffnung (16c) erstreckt, erstellt ist. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei die Leitung in Spiralform angeordnet ist. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei die Leitung mit einer Form, die in die axiale Richtung weiterführt, während sie in der Umfangsrichtung hin und her verläuft, versehen ist. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Luftstromöffnung (16c) mit der Außenseite über eine Luftleitung und durch eine Öffnung, die angrenzend zur Zuführöffnung (20) angeordnet ist, verbunden ist. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß Anspruch 7, wobei die Luftleitung weiter außerhalb des Sammelbehälters (28) in radialer Richtung angeordnet ist. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei der Körper (12) einen Außenzylinder und einen Innenzylinder, der konzentrisch innerhalb des Außenzylinders angeordnet ist, aufweist, und eine Nut, die auf der äußeren Umfangsfläche des Innenzylinders ausgebildet ist, den Sammelbehälter (28) bildet. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß Anspruch 9, wobei der Körper (12) ferner einen Zwischenzylinder, der konzentrisch zwischen dem Außenzylinder und dem Innenzylinder angeordnet ist, aufweist, und eine Aussparung, die zwischen der äußeren Umfangsfläche des Zwischenzylinders und der inneren Umfangsfläche des Außenzylinders ausgebildet ist, eine Luftleitung bildet, die die Luftstromöffnung (16c) und eine Außenseite verbindet. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß Anspruch 9, wobei eine auf der äußeren Umfangsfläche des Innenzylinders ausgebildete Nut die Nut nicht kreuzt, die den Sammelbehälter (28) bildet, und die eine Luftleitung bildet, die die Luftstromöffnung (16c) und eine Außenseite verbindet. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß Anspruch 11, wobei die innere Umfangsfläche des Außenzylinders und die Nuten auf dem Innenzylinder den Sammelbehälter (28) bilden, und eine lineare Nut, die auf der äußeren Umfangsfläche des Innenzylinders ausgebildet ist, eine Luftleitung bildet, die die Luftstromöffnung (16c) und die Außenseite verbindet. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei der Körper (12) einen Innenzylinder, einen Zwischenzylinder auf einer äußeren Umfangsseite des Innenzylinders und einen Außenzylinder auf einer äußeren Umfangsseite des Zwischenzylinders aufweist, wobei eine innere Umfangsfläche des Zwischenzylinders und eine äußere Umfangsfläche des Innenzylinders den Sammelbehälter (28) bilden, und eine Aussparung, die zwischen einer äußeren Umfangsfläche des Zwischenzylinders und einer inneren Umfangsfläche des Außenzylinders ausgebildet ist, die Luftleitung bildet, die die Luftstromöffnung (16c) und eine Außenseite verbindet. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 13, wobei mindestens ein Teil eines Innenraums des Innenzylinders den Haupttank (18) bildet. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 13, wobei mindestens ein Teil eines Innenraumes des Außenzylinders den Haupttank (18) bildet. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 13, wobei der Haupttank (18) aus einer Kartusche gebildet ist, die lösbar mit einem Teil des Körpers (12) verbunden ist. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 16, wobei die Komponenten, die den Innenzylinder enthalten und innerhalb des Außenzylinders positioniert sind, vom hinteren Ende des Außenzylinders eingesetzt und darin eingebaut sind. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei ein zweiter Sammelbehälter angeordnet ist, der dem Führungsbereich gegenüberliegt. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß Anspruch 18, wobei der zweite Sammelbehälter in einer Form ausgebildet ist, die die Aufnahme von Flüssigkeit oder eines Flüssigkeitsaufnahmeelementes zulässt, das zum Aufnehmen der Flüssigkeit geeignet ist. Flüssigkeitsbehälter (10) gemäß Anspruch 18, wobei der zweite Sammelbehälter mit der Außenatmosphäre durch eine zweite Luftleitung verbunden ist.
Anspruch[en]
A liquid container (10) comprising: a body (12) having a main tank (18) in which liquid is stored; a supply outlet (20) positioned at the tip of the body for supplying the liquid; a guiding portion connecting the main tank and the supply outlet to guide the liquid from the main tank to the supply outlet; a liquid reservoir having an air flow port (16c) communicating with the outside, a liquid flow port (16a) communicating with one of the main tank and the guiding portion, and a reservoir tank (28) for accumulating the liquid overflowing the main tank, wherein: said reservoir tank (28) stores the liquid on a side farther away from the supply outlet than said liquid flow port, and characterised in that the reservoir tank of said liquid reservoir is arranged outside in the radial direction of the main tank (48). The liquid container (10) according to Claim 1, wherein the liquid flow port (16a) of said liquid reservoir is arranged on a side of the supply outlet (20) before a connecting point between the main tank (18) and the guiding portion. The liquid container (10) according to any of Claims 1 through 2, wherein said main tank (18) communicates with the external atmosphere only via the air flow port (16c), the reservoir tank (28) and the liquid flow port (16a) of said liquid reservoir. The liquid container (10) according to any of Claims 1 through 3, wherein said reservoir tank (28) is configured of a single passage extending from the liquid flow port (16a) to the air flow port (16c). The liquid container (10) according to Claim 4, wherein said passage is provided in a shape of spiral. The liquid container (10) according to Claims 4, wherein said passage is provided in a shape of proceeding in the axial direction while reciprocating in circumferential directions. The liquid container (10) according to any of Claims 1 through 6, wherein the air flow port (16c) communicates with the exterior via an air passage and through an opening provided adjacent to the supply outlet (20). The liquid container (10) according to Claim 7, wherein the air passage is arranged farther outside said reservoir tank (28) in the radial direction. The liquid container (10) according to any of Claims 1 through 8, wherein the body (12) has an outer cylinder and an inner cylinder concentrically arranged within the outer cylinder, and a groove formed on the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder constitutes said reservoir tank (28). The liquid container (10) according to Claim 9, wherein the body (12) further has an intermediate cylinder concentrically arranged between the outer cylinder and the inner cylinder, and a gap formed between the outer circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder and the inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder constitutes an air passage connecting said air flow port (16c) and an exterior. The liquid container (10) according to Claim 9, wherein a groove formed on the outer circumferential face of said inner cylinder not crossing the groove constituting the reservoir tank (28) constitutes an air passage connecting said air flow port (16c) and an exterior. The liquid container (10) according to Claim 11, wherein the inner circumferential face of said outer cylinder and the grooves on said inner cylinder constitute said reservoir tank (28), and a linear groove formed on the outer circumferential face of the inner cylinder constitute an air passage connecting said air flow port (16c) and the exterior. The liquid container (10) according to any of Claims 1 through 8, wherein said body (12) has an inner cylinder, an intermediate cylinder on an outer circumferential side of the inner cylinder and an outer cylinder on an outer circumferential side of the intermediate cylinder, an inner circumferential face of said intermediate cylinder and an outer circumferential face of said inner cylinder constitutes said reservoir tank (28), and a gap formed between an outer circumferential face of the intermediate cylinder and an inner circumferential face of the outer cylinder constitutes the air passage connecting the air flow port (16c) and an exterior. The liquid container (10) according to any of Claims 9 through 13, wherein at least part of an internal space of the inner cylinder constitutes said main tank (18). The liquid container (10) according to any of Claims 9 through 13, wherein at least part of an internal space of the outer cylinder constitutes said main tank (18). The liquid container (10) according to any of Claims 9 through 13, wherein said main tank (18) is composed of a cartridge detachably connected to part of the body (12). The liquid container (10) according to any of Claims 9. through 16, wherein components containing the inner cylinder and positioned within the outer cylinder are inserted from the rear end of the outer cylinder and fitted within. The liquid container (10) according to Claim 1, wherein a second reservoir tank is provided facing said guiding portion. The liquid container (10) according to Claim 18, wherein said second reservoir tank is formed in a shape permitting accommodation of liquid or of a liquid holding member capable of absorbing liquid. The liquid container (10) according to claim 18, wherein said second reservoir tank communicates with the external atmosphere by a second air passage.
Anspruch[fr]
Conteneur de liquide (10) comprenant : un corps (12) ayant une cuve principale (18) dans laquelle est stockée du liquide, une sortie d'alimentation (20) positionnée au bout du corps pour acheminer le liquide ; une partie de guidage connectant la cuve principale et la sortie d'alimentation pour guider le liquide de ladite cuve principale vers la sortie d'alimentation ; un réservoir de liquide ayant un orifice d'écoulement d'air (16c) communiquant avec l'extérieur, un orifice d'écoulement de liquide (16a) communiquant avec l'un des éléments parmi la cuve principale et la partie de guidage, et une cuve de réservoir (28) pour accumuler le liquide débordant de ladite cuve principale, dans lequel : ladite cuve de réservoir (28) stocke le liquide d'un côté plus éloigné de la sortie d'alimentation que ledit orifice d'écoulement de liquide, et caractérisé en ce que la cuve de réservoir dudit réservoir de liquide est agencée à l'extérieur dans la direction radiale de ladite cuve principale (48). Conteneur de liquide (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'orifice d'écoulement de liquide (16a) dudit réservoir de liquide est agencé sur un côté de la sortie d'alimentation (20) avant un point de connexion entre la cuve principale (18) et la partie de guidage. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 2, dans lequel ladite cuve principale (18) communique avec l'atmosphère extérieure uniquement par le biais de l'orifice d'écoulement d'air (16c), la cuve de réservoir (28) et l'orifice d'écoulement de liquide (16a) dudit réservoir de liquide. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel ladite cuve de réservoir (28) est formée d'un seul passage s'étendant de l'orifice d'écoulement de liquide (16a) vers l'orifice d'écoulement d'air (16c). Conteneur de liquide (10) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit passage est prévu en forme de spirale. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit passage a une forme d'avancement dans la direction axiale mais de va-et-vient dans les directions circonférentielles. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel l'orifice d'écoulement d'air (16c) communique avec l'extérieur par le biais d'un passage d'air et au travers d'une ouverture prévue de manière adjacente à la sortie d'alimentation (20). Conteneur de liquide (10) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le passage d'air est agencé davantage à l'extérieur de ladite cuve de réservoir (28) dans la direction radiale. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel le corps (12) présente un cylindre extérieur et un cylindre intérieur concentriquement agencé à l'intérieur du cylindre extérieur, et une rainure formée sur la face circonférentielle extérieure du cylindre intérieur constitue ladite cuve de réservoir (28). Conteneur de liquide (10) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le corps (12) présente en outre un cylindre intermédiaire concentriquement agencé entre le cylindre extérieur et le cylindre intérieur, et un espace formé entre la face circonférentielle extérieure du cylindre intermédiaire et la face circonférentielle intérieure du cylindre extérieur constitue un passage d'air reliant ledit orifice d'écoulement d'air (16c) et un extérieur. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel une rainure formée sur la face circonférentielle extérieure dudit cylindre intérieur ne traversant pas la rainure constituant la cuve de réservoir (28) constitue un passage d'air reliant ledit orifice d'écoulement d'air (16c) et un extérieur. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la face circonférentielle intérieure dudit cylindre extérieur et les rainures sur ledit cylindre intérieur constituent ladite cuve de réservoir (28), et une rainure linéaire formée sur la face circonférentielle extérieure du cylindre intérieur constitue un passage d'air reliant ledit orifice d'écoulement d'air (16c) et l'extérieur. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel ledit corps (12) présente un cylindre intérieur, un cylindre intermédiaire sur un côté circonférentiel extérieur du cylindre intérieur et un cylindre extérieur sur un côté circonférentiel extérieur du cylindre intermédiaire, une face circonférentielle intérieure dudit cylindre intermédiaire et une face circonférentielle extérieure dudit cylindre intérieur constituent ladite cuve de réservoir (28), et un espace formé entre une face circonférentielle extérieure du cylindre intermédiaire et une face circonférentielle intérieure du cylindre extérieur constitue le passage d'air reliant l'orifice d'écoulement d'air (16c) et un extérieur. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 13, dans lequel au moins une partie de l'espace interne du cylindre intérieur constitue ladite cuve principale (18). Conteneur de liquide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 13, dans lequel au moins une partie de l'espace interne du cylindre extérieur constitue ladite cuve principale (18). Conteneur de liquide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 13, dans lequel ladite cuve principale (18) est composée d'une cartouche reliée de façon détachable à une partie du corps (12). Conteneur de liquide (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 16, dans lequel des composants contenant le cylindre intérieur et positionnés à l'intérieur du cylindre extérieur sont introduits par l'extrémité arrière du cylindre extérieur et installés à l'intérieur. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une deuxième cuve de réservoir est prévue en face de ladite partie de guidage. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon la revendication 18, dans lequel ladite deuxième cuve de réservoir est formée selon une forme qui permet le logement de liquide ou d'un élément retenant le liquide capable d'absorber du liquide. Conteneur de liquide (10) selon la revendication 18, dans lequel ladite deuxième cuve de réservoir communique avec l'atmosphère externe par un deuxième passage d'air.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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