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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1844651 29.11.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001844651
Titel Einsperrstruktur zum Einsperren der Bienenkönigin eines Bienenvolkes in einem Bienenstock
Anmelder Mozzato, Bruno, Campodoro, IT
Erfinder MOZZATO, Bruno, 35010 Campodoro PD, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 10.04.2007
EP-Aktenzeichen 074252057
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 29.11.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse A01K 49/00(2006.01)A, F, I, 20070918, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

This invention refers to a confining structure to confine the queen bee of a colony of bees of a beehive, which is particularly, yet not exclusively, useful in the professional bee-keeping branch for performing pesticide treatments against the parasite known as varroa.

It is known that this parasite is among a beehive's worst enemies. It affects in fact the entire beehive, generally weakening the colony of bees and inducing its total destruction in the course of a few years. In particular, this parasite is able of affecting the brood just before the operculation of the honeycomb cells containing the brood. This capacity renders any periodical bee-keeper's action for a pesticide treatment problematic. The pesticide treatment in fact exerts its effect on the parasites of a colony of bees, but not on the parasites of the brood, because of the operculation of the cells. The larvae evolving from this brood are consequently also affected by the pest, and, in turn, affect the treated beehive. In order to obviate these consequences, it would be appropriate to carry out such treatments in the absence of a brooding queen bee. In order to satisfy this condition, the queen bee must necessarily be confined to prevent her from laying the brood for the length of time strictly required for initiating and performing the pesticide treating operation. For the purpose of confining the queen bee, the review "Apitalia" No. 2-3/2002 describes a confining structure. The latter essentially comprises a containing body, a reception chamber provided in said containing body to receive said queen bee, at least one introducing opening provided on said containing body and communicating with said chamber to introduce said queen bee into said chamber, occluding means capable of being coupled/uncoupled to/from said containing body to occlude said opening, and a plurality of feeding slots provided on said containing body and communicating with said chamber in order to allow said queen bee to be fed on the part of said colony of bees. The containing body is in particular constituted of a cylindrical element. The chamber is in turn formed by a compartment space delimited by the mantle of this element. The introduction openings are again formed by two holes provided at the extremities of this element. The occluding means are formed by simple plugs to be inserted/extracted to/from the holes. The plurality of slots is formed by a series of thinned openings uniformly distributed over said mantle. The use of this structure is essentially as follows. The bee-keeper extracts at least one plug so as to free the respective hole, manually introduces the queen bee through this hole into the compartment space, and occludes the free hole again by using the relative plug. The bee-keeper then sets said structure on the top of the beehive nest, on the upper cross beams of the nesting frame.

The main drawback encountered in this type of structure consists in that its arrangement is excessively peripheral with respect to the beehive nest. This arrangement strongly limits the relations between the queen bee and its colony of bees. Because of this, the colony of bees tends to abandon feeding the queen bee.

A second drawback consists in that said structure allows feeding the queen bee on the part of the colony of bees only from the outside of the containing body. In other words, the bees cannot penetrate into the queen bee's reception chamber through the slots. This drawback limits the relations between the queen bee and its colony of bees. Even in this case, the colony of bees tends to abandon feeding the queen bee.

A third drawback consists in that said structure is handcrafted and thus unsuitable for professional bee-keeping use. The bee-keeper faces in fact numerous difficulties in manipulating the elements of said structure, especially when operating in the open space. In fact these elements are of small size and will not stay connected to each other when the structure is in a disassembled condition.

The aim of the present invention is to create a confining structure to confine the queen bee of a colony of bees into a beehive able of solving the drawbacks and problems found in the structures of a known type.

Within the above described aim, an important object of this invention is to set up a structure able of providing an ideal arrangement of the queen bee with respect to its colony of bees for a confining period of time of adequate length in order to obtain a complete absence of brood able to cover the brood's flitting from the cocoons.

A further object of this invention is to set up a structure wherein the feeding of the queen bee on the part of the colony of bees can occur normally even during the length of time in which the queen bee is in a confined condition.

Not the last object of the invention is to set up a structure suitable for a professional bee-keeping use and at an economical cost.

This aim, these and other objects which will exposed in the following in greater detail, are achieved by a confining structure to confine the queen bee of a colony of bees in accordance with the attached claims.

According to first features, the confining structure, according to this invention, comprises a confining body, a reception chamber provided in said confining body to receive the queen bee, at least one introduction opening provided on said containing body and communicating with said chamber to introduce the queen bee into said chamber, occluding means able of being coupled/uncoupled to/from said containing body to occlude said opening, and a plurality of feeding slots provided on said containing body and communicating with said chamber so as to allow said queen bee to be fed on the part of said colony of bees, and suspending means associated with said containing body so as to suspend said containing body within said beehive nest in order to maintain the proximity of said queen bee to said colony of bees during the confining period of said queen bee.

In this way, the structure achieves the intended aim of creating an ideal arrangement of the queen bee with respect to its colony of bees for a period of confinement of adequate length.

According to other features of the invention, the feeding slots are of a size such as to allow the bees belonging to said colony to transit to and from said reception chamber. The structure thus achieves its object of allowing the feeding of the queen bee on the part of the colony of bees to occur normally even during the confining period.

Moreover and according to further features, the structure of the invention proves to be suitable for professional bee-keeping use, as its elements are of an adequate size for its manipulation and remain connected even in a disassembled condition of the structure, as well as being of low cost because of the constructive modes and devices employed.

Further features and advantages of the invention will become better apparent from the description of an embodiment illustrated for indicative purposes yet non limitative in the enclosed drawings, wherein:

  • Fig. 1 represents a frontal view of the structure according to the invention, in a position suspended on a portion of an upper beam of the nesting frame of a beehive;
  • Fig. 2 represents a lateral raised side view of the structure of Fig. 1 during the operation of suspending it to the beam;
  • Fig. 3 represents a first detailed view of the occluding means of the structure in the preceding figures;
  • Fig. 4 represents a second detailed view of said occluding means.

With particular reference to the mentioned figures, the confining structure to confine the queen bee of a colony of bees of a beehive (not shown), indicated as a whole by the reference number 5, comprises above all a containing body 6. Said containing body 6 has an essentially box-like form. In detail, it comprises a rear wall 7, peripheral walls 8, 9, 10 and 11 rigidly connected to each other and to said rear wall 7, a front wall 12 flexibly connected to the lower wall 11 of said peripheral walls 8, 9, 10 and 11 and first engaging elements 13 to engage said front wall 12 with the upper wall 9 of said peripheral walls 8, 9, 10, 11 opposite said lower wall 11. The first engaging elements 13 in turn comprise pairs of projections 14 set side by side and projecting from the zone of said front wall 12 facing the rim of said upper wall 9. Said structure 5 also comprises a reception chamber 15 provided in said confining body 6 for receiving said queen bee. In particular, said reception chamber 15 comprises a space delimited by said rear wall 7, front wall 12 and peripheral walls 8, 9, 10 and 11. Moreover, said structure 5 comprises an introduction opening 16 provided on said containing body 6 and communicating with said chamber 15 to introduce said queen bee into said chamber 15. In particular, said introduction opening 16 comprises an elongated hole provided in the lower zone of said front wall 12. In addition, said structure 5 comprises occluding means, designated as a whole by the reference number 18, which can be coupled/uncoupled to/from said containing body 6 to occlude said opening 16. In detail, said occluding means 18 comprise a door 19 flexibly connected to said front wall 12 so as to assume a first position wherein it closes said introduction opening 16, and a second position wherein it frees said opening 16 and coupling elements, designated as a whole by the reference number 20, to couple said door 19, in said first and said second position, to said front wall 12, as seen especially in Figure 4. These coupling elements 20 comprise an appendix 21 which extends from the rim of said door 19 and a first and a second pair of projections 22 set side by side and extending from one and the other side of said appendix 21 next to the extremity 23 of said appendix 21, so as to engage in the slots 24 found to the right and to the left, respectively, of said opening 16 when said door 19 assumes said first and said second position. Moreover, this structure 5 comprises a plurality of feeding slots 25 provided on said containing body 6 and communicating with said housing chamber 15 to allow said queen bee to be fed on the part of the colony of bees. In detail, said plurality of slots 25 comprises vertical rows of elongated openings provided on the rear wall 7 and the front wall 12. Said openings are preferably of a size such as to allow the bees belonging to said colony to transit to and from said housing chamber 15. Finally, said structure 5 comprises suspending means 26 associated with said containing body 6 to suspend said structure 5 within the nest of said beehive, so as to maintain the proximity of said queen bee to said colony of bees during the period of confinement of said queen bee. In detail, said suspending means 26 comprise a pair of coupling arms 27 to couple said containing body 6 to the rim (not shown) of a nesting frame (not shown) of said beehive (not shown), and second engaging elements, indicated as a whole by the reference number 28, to engage said arms 27 with said upper wall 9. In even more detail, the coupling arms 27 are engaged in an upper beam 29 of said frame. Said arms 27 also comprise first portions 30 rigidly connected to the upper rim of said rear wall 7, second portions 31 rigidly connected to said first portions 30 and third portions 32 flexibly connected to said second portions 31. Said second engaging elements 28 in turn comprise pairs of projections 33 set side by side and provided next to the terminal ends of said arms 27. With this configuration, said containing body 6 lies in a vertical condition within the zone delimited by said frame.

With further reference to the mentioned figures, the ways of producing the structure 5 and the operation of fastening the same structure 5 to the upper beam 29 of the rim of a nesting frame of a beehive occur as follows.

The ways of producing the structure 5 are preferably based on injection moulding of plastic material while holding the coupling arms 27 extended and the front wall 12 in a condition rotated by 180° with respect to its position approached to the peripheral walls 8, 9, 10 and 11.

The fastening operation occurs as follows, assuming the coupling arms to be in an extended condition, the front wall 12 in a preliminarily approached condition and the door 21 in the mentioned second position. First of all, the bee keeper extracts from the beehive nest the nesting frame on which he wishes to fasten the structure 5. He then grasps the latter with one hand and approaches the coupling arms 27 to the upper beam 29 of the rim of the chosen nesting frame. Using the free hand, he then bends the third portions 32 of the coupling arms 27 until they assume the configuration illustrated by a continuous line in Fig. 2, and engages the engaging elements 28 in the rim of the upper wall 9. He then captures the queen bee of the colony of bees of the beehive in question and introduces her through the opening 16 into the chamber 15. He then shifts the door 21 from the second to the first position. To end up, the bee-keeper lays down the frame along with the structure 5 inside the beehive nest. Once the confining period of the queen bee is over, the bee-keeper can free her as follows. He acts with a chisel tool on the occluding means 18, so as to separate the latter from the front wall 12.

It has in practice been verified that the structure thus described solves the drawbacks and problems found in the confining structures of the known art. In particular, as has been found, the structure allows achieving an ideal arrangement of the queen bee with respect to its colony of bees for a confining period of adequate length. The feeding of the queen bee on the part of the colony of bees also occurs in a normal way, even in the course of the queen bee's confinement, because the bees can enter and exit into/from the chamber through the slots. Moreover, the structure is suitable for professional bee-keeping because its elements are of a size sufficient for their handling on the part of the bee-keeper and remain connected to the structure even when the latter is in a disassembled condition, and the same is of low cost thanks to the constructive ways and devices employed. In addition, the space available in the chamber is suitable to allow the queen bee a comfortable and extended stay over the confining period, because the arrangement of the containing body within the rim of the nesting frame allows realizing a containing body of adequate size.

The structure according to the invention is susceptible of variations, all of which fall within the scope of the invention.

In a practical embodiment, the materials employed, the shapes, the dimensions and the executive details may differ from those described herein but be technically equivalent to the same, without thereby abandoning the scope of the invention.


Anspruch[en]
Confining structure to confine the queen bee of a colony of bees of a beehive comprising a containing body, a reception chamber provided in said containing body to receive said queen bee, at least one introduction opening provided on said containing body and communicating with said chamber to introduce said queen bee into said chamber, occluding means capable of being coupled /uncoupled to/from said box-like body to occlude said opening, and a plurality of feeding slots provided on said containing body and communicating with said chamber to allow said queen bee to be fed on the part of said colony of bees, characterized in that it comprises suspending means associated with said confining body to suspend said confining body within the nest of said beehive so as to maintain the proximity of said queen bee to said colony of bees during the confining period of said queen bee. Structure, according to claim 1, characterized in that said containing body has an essentially box-like form. Structure, according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that said containing body comprises a rear wall, peripheral walls rigidly connected to each other and to said rear wall, a front wall flexibly connected to a lower wall of said peripheral walls, and first engaging elements to engage said front wall in an upper wall of said peripheral walls opposite to said lower wall. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said first engaging elements comprise pairs of projections set side by side and projecting from the zone of said front wall facing the rim of said lower wall. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said reception chamber comprises a space delimited by said rear, front and peripheral walls. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said introduction opening comprises an elongated hole provided in the lower zone of said front wall. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said occluding means comprise a door flexibly connected to said front wall, so as to assume a first position wherein it closes said introduction opening and a second position wherein it frees said opening, and coupling elements to couple said door in said first and second position to said front wall. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said coupling elements comprise an appendix extending from the rim of said door and a first and a second pair of projections set side by side and extending from one side to the other of said appendix, so as to engage in slots found to the right and left of said opening when said door assumes said first and said second position, respectively. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said plurality of slots comprises vertical rows of elongated openings provided on said front and rear walls. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said openings are of a size such as allow said bees belonging to said colony to transit to and from said reception chamber. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said suspending means comprise a pair of coupling arms to couple said containing body to the rim of a nesting frame of said beehive, and second engaging elements to engage said arms in said upper wall. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said coupling arms are engaged in an upper beam of said frame. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said coupling arms comprise first portions rigidly connected to the upper rim of said rear wall, second portions rigidly connected to said first portions, and third portions flexibly connected to said second portions. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said second engaging elements comprise pairs of projections set side by side and provided near the terminal ends of said arms. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that said containing body lies in a vertical position within the zone delimited by said frame. Structure, according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact of being producible by injection moulding of a plastic material, with the arms extended and the front wall in a condition rotated 180° with respect to its position when approached to said peripheral walls.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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