PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1372163 06.12.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001372163
Titel Vorrichtung zur Überprüfung der Gültigkeit
Anmelder Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba, Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Sawa, Takao c/o Intellectual Property Divi, Tokyo, JP;
Nakagawa, Katsutoshi c/o Intellectual Prop. Di, Tokyo, JP;
Murakami, Teruo c/o Intellectual Property Divi, Tokyo, JP;
Kobayashi, Tadahiko c/o Intellectual Prop. Div., Tokyo, JP;
Takahashi, Hisashi c/o Intellectual Property Di, Tokyo, JP;
Obama, Masao c/o Intellectual Property Divi, Tokyo, JP
Vertreter KRAMER - BARSKE - SCHMIDTCHEN, 81245 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 60131105
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 31.01.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 030207716
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 17.12.2003
EP date of grant 24.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 06.12.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse H01F 1/44(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse G08B 13/24(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   H01F 1/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   H01F 41/16(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   G06K 19/12(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   G06K 7/08(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a detecting device and method for the printing member for validity determination.

Forgery preventive measures for notes such as money, securities, and cards having the value equal to cash have been taken. Particularly, an art for printing a certain kind of information on a paper sheet with magnetized ink and magnetically detecting the information is easy in recording and erasing information and used widely. Further, recently, for example, as disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,533,759 (Jeffers, July 9, 1996 ), an objective document is printed using magnetic ink including a magnetic pigment having a Curie temperature lower than 130°C and the printed part is magnetized in an optional magnetic pattern. The magnetized part is heated at least up to 130°C using a heat lamp. The validity of the document is determined depending on whether the magnetic pattern is destroyed by heat in the temperature region beyond the Curie point or not. However, in U.S. Patent No. 5,533,759 mentioned above the particle diameter of the magnetic pigment included in the magnetic ink is not disclosed. When the particle diameter of the magnetic pigment is larger than a predetermined value, the magnetic pigment cannot respond sufficiently to the high resolution like printing by an ink jet printer. Further, when the particle diameter of the magnetic pigment is larger than a predetermined value and the magnetic pigment is printed on a paper sheet, particularly the magnetic information recorded on the surface is gradually torn off due to friction with the magnetic detection head during reading and it is anxious that the SN ratio may be reduced during reading of the information.

On the other hand, as input-output devices such as scanners, printers, and copying machines, personal computers, and image processing software have been highly advanced recently, even devices on sale can commit highly precise forge. In order to respond to this situation, various forgery preventive arts are applied to securities and individual authentication ID cards. Particularly, from the viewpoint of that information is invisible to a human, arts using a magnetic material are widely used. For example, in securities, an art for printing a predetermined area with magnetic ink with magnetic powder mixed and determining the validity by detecting the existence of magnetism or the magnetic pattern itself is known. Further, in IC cards, it is known to magnetically record information on a magnetic stripe, reproduce it, and authenticate an individual.

As mentioned above, generally, output detection by magnetism can respond to determination of the validity by high-speed reading comparatively easily, so that it has been used in various fields. However, the conventional method determines the validity depending on judgment of whether there is magnetic information in a predetermined position or not, so that using a material of Fe3O4 or others which can be obtained comparatively easily, forging arts using the latest printing art are generated frequently.

In the aforementioned magnetic forgery preventive art, a recording and reproducing apparatus can be prepared comparatively simply and can read recorded information easily, so that an art having weak resisting force to forgery and a high security property is required.

European Patent Publication No. 0 291 306 discloses a magnetic card reader for reading data from a magnetic card having a second magnetic layer superimposed on a first magnetic layer. A magnetic field generating means first erases data on the first magnetic layer and then a reading means reads data from the second magnetic layer.

U.S Patent No. 4,081,132 discloses a security document having a magnetizable information layer disposed on a carrier and a magnetizable verification layer deposited on the information layer. The information layer is formed by a magnetic tape material comprising magnetic particles. The verification layer comprises a metal or alloy and exhibits a Curie temperature that is below the Curie temperature of the information layer.

An object of the present invention is to provide a detecting device and method for determining the validity of a printed member that is highly reliable, has a quick determining speed and is effective for forgery prevention.

This object is achieved by the device of claim 1 and the method of claim 5. Additional embodiments of the invention are provided in the sub-claims.

  • Fig. 1 is a graph showing the relationship between the Zn substitution ratio X of NiZn ferrite series magnetic powder used in the present invention with the Curie temperature;
  • Fig. 2 is a schematic view showing an example of a manufacturing apparatus used in a preferred manufacturing method for the present magnetic powders;
  • Fig. 3 is a schematic plan view of an individual authentication card that is an example of a printed-paper;
  • Fig. 4 is a graph showing the relationship between the temperature and the magnetization intensity as a magnetic property of the first magnetic ink and a magnetic property of the second magnetic ink;
  • Fig. 5 is a schematic view showing a detecting device of the present invention
  • Fig. 6 is a graph showing a detected record at normal temperature;
  • Fig. 7 is a graph showing a detected record at a temperature between the Curie temperature of the first magnetic ink and the Curie temperature of the second magnetic ink;
  • Fig. 8 is a plan view showing another example of a printed-paper for validity determination;
  • Fig. 9 is a graph showing the waveform of a detected signal obtained by a sensor; and
  • Fig. 10 is a graph showing the waveform of a detected signal obtained by a sensor.

Preferred magnetic powders for validity determining ink are practically composed of a magnetic oxide powder having a Curie temperature between -50°C and 150°C and a mean crystal particle diameter of 10µm or less.

Further, an example of a manufacturing method for the aforementioned magnetic powder includes a step of mixing and dissolving a magnetic oxide and a glass forming material, a step of cooling the obtained mixture rapidly and making the amorphous magnetic oxide, a step of heat-treating the cooled mixture thereafter and crystallizing the magnetic oxide, and a step of removing the glass forming material from the mixture and obtaining magnetic oxide powder with a mean powder particle diameter of 10 µm or less.

Furthermore, a preferred ink for validity determination contain the aforementioned magnetic powder, that is, magnetic oxide powder having a Curie temperature between -50°C and 150°C and a mean powder particle diameter of 10µm or less.

When the particle diameter of magnetic powder for validity determination is 10µm or less, it is easily mixed in the fibers of the print base, for example, paper during printing and the amount of magnetic powder existing on the paper surface is reduced. By doing this, the omission of magnetic powder due to magnetic detection is greatly reduced and the durability is greatly improved. The mean powder particle diameter of magnetic powder is preferably 5 nm to 5µm and most preferably 5 nm to 1µm.

Further, when the particle diameter is decreased, the color depth due to a pigment becomes light, so that the color can be adjusted by a combination of various pigments. Further, the dispersibility of pigments is satisfactory, so that magnetic powder in ink can be dispersed uniformly and the detection output becomes larger.

As a magnetic material, from the viewpoint of durability, an oxide is used. As a constitution of an oxide, the crystal structures such as the perovskite type, garnet type, hexagonal type, and spinel type may be cited.

The mean powder particle diameter can be easily obtained by setting the maximum length of each particle as a particle diameter and averaging those of 20 or more particles obtained from the TEM observation. Or, when a calibration curve of the value and specific surface area can be obtained, the mean particle diameter can be obtained from the specific surface area.

Further, according to the present invention, the Curie temperature of the magnetic powder can be used for validity determination and at least two kinds of magnetic powder having a Curie temperature within the range from, -50 to 150°C are used. The reason is that when magnetic powder having a Curie temperature within the range from -50 to 150°C is used, by changing the temperature comparatively easily, the magnetic detection output is greatly changed and best reversibility of detection output is obtained. By doing this, reliable validity determination can be executed simply.

Furthermore, within this temperature range, the magnetic permeability at just the Curie temperature is very high and the detection sensitivity is extremely satisfactory. On the other hand, when the Curie temperature is higher than 150°C, the surface temperature is easily varied and a place where the output is changed and a place where no output is changed may be generated due to it, so that accurate binary coding becomes difficult. On the other hand, when the Curie temperature is lower than -50°C, the magnetic permeability of magnetic powder is reduced, so that the output itself is reduced and the variation in the neighborhood of the Curie temperature is made smaller.

The setting of Curie temperature can be realized in the same component system under control of the composition. A different composition system having a different Curie temperature can be mixed.

The setting of coercive force can also be realized in the same component system under control of the composition, though a different composition system having a different coercive force can be mixed.

Magnetic oxide powder is preferable to be ferrite series magnetic powder having coercive force of 20,000 A/m or less.

It is also possible to use a combination of another magnetic powder different in the Curie temperature and still another magnetic powder different in the coercive force.

It is also possible to prepare various types of ink for validity determination including another magnetic powder and still another magnetic powder and print using them respectively.

As mentioned above, by use of a combination of several kinds of magnetic powder, printed papers having a higher security property can be provided.

As magnetic oxide powder, soft magnetic ferrite such as NiZn ferrite, MnZn ferrite, and CuZn ferrite is desirable. Further, it is desirable to replace a part of Ni ferrite and Mn ferrite with Zn so as to control the Curie temperature. Particularly, since the coercive force of magnetic powder including Ni oxide is low and the detection sensitivity is increased, it is desirable.

In Fig. 1, as an example, the relationship between the Zn substitution ratio X of NiZn ferrite (Ni1-xZnxFe2O4) series magnetic powder preferably used in the present invention with the Curie temperature is shown.

As shown in the drawing, it is found that even if the same NiZn ferrite is used, the Curie temperature greatly varies with the component constitution. Adjusting the component constitution of an element having a Curie temperature and coercive force within the desired ranges can use the magnetic powder preferably used in the present invention.

At the time of detention of magnetic output, by heating with a heater lamp or cooling by means of spraying cooling gas such as dry ice, the detection output can be obtained at every desired temperature.

Changing the composition can control the Curie temperature of magnetic powder, for example, by partially replacing Ni or Mn of Ni ferrite or Mn ferrite that is a basic component with Zn or Cd, preferably Zn.

The manufacturing method for magnetic powder for validity determining ink preferably has a step of mixing and dissolving a magnetic oxide and a glass forming material, then cooling the mixture rapidly and making the magnetic oxide among the mixture amorphous, a step of heat-treating the amorphous magnetic oxide and crystallizing the amorphous magnetic oxide among the mixture, and a step of removing the glass forming material from the crystallized mixture and obtaining magnetic oxide powder with a mean powder particle diameter of 10µm or less.

As a glass forming material, B2O3 or P2O5 can be used.

Fig. 2 is a schematic view showing an example of a preferred manufacturing apparatus used in the manufacturing method for the magnetic powder.

As shown in Fig. 2, the manufacturing apparatus has a platinum crucible 40 having a nozzle 43 at its lower end, a high frequency induction-heating coil 41 arranged around the crucible 40, and a rapid cooler 47 composed of a pair of iron rollers 45 and 46 installed under the nozzle 43.

In an example of the manufacturing method, in the crucible 40, both B2O3 as a glass forming material and a magnetic oxide material such as NiZn ferrite are housed. By heating up to about 1,400°C to 1,500°C by the high frequency induction heating coil 41, the glass forming material and magnetic oxide material are dissolved and mixed. After being dissolved and mixed, in the neighbourhood of a press contact portion 48 on the rollers 45 and 46 of the rapid cooler 47, the dissolved mixture is ejected. The pair of rollers 45 and 46 are pressed in contact with each other and rotated in the directions of the arrows at high speed so that the rotational direction of the press contact portion 48 is synchronized with the ejection direction of the dissolved mixture. The ejected dissolved mixture is rapidly cooled on the rollers 45 and 46, passes the press contact portion, and is formed as a ribbon-shaped or flake-shaped amorphous material. Then, the obtained amorphous material is heat-treated and crystallized to a magnetic oxide.

The material of the cooler 47 used for rapid cooling of the dissolved mixture is preferable to be, for example, Fe or Cu and the material of the pair of rollers is particularly preferable to be an Fe alloy from the viewpoint of durability. The peripheral speed of the rollers, although depending on the feed amount of a molten material, is preferable to be within the range from 0.1 to 30 m/s. The heat-treating condition, although depending on the composition, is, for example, 10 minutes to 10 hours at 650 to 900°C.

Hereafter, the glass-forming component is removed from the heat-treated mixture by cleaning it using a weak acid solution; for example, a dilute acetic acid and magnetic powder can be taken out.

According to this method, magnetic oxide fine particles are well dispersed in the crystallized mixture because the mutual interfaces of magnetic oxide fine particles are isolated by the glassy phase and after cleaning, magnetic oxide fine particles having an equal particle diameter can be obtained easily.

The mean powder particle diameter of magnetic powder can be controlled, for example, by properly changing the composition ratio of a magnetic oxide and a glass forming material, the peripheral speed of the cooler, and the heat-treating temperature after rapid cooling, and the heat-treating time.

A preferred printing member for validity determination is used to detect a magnetic image indicating magnetic characteristics at a temperature higher than the first Curie temperature of the first magnetic powder and lower than the second Curie temperature of the second magnetic powder and has the first magnetic image printed with the first magnetic ink including the first magnetic powder having the first Curie temperature and the second magnetic image printed with the second magnetic ink including the second magnetic powder having the second Curie temperature higher than that of the first magnetic powder.

The first and second magnetic images may be such that for example, when one of them is a magnetic background image, the other is a magnetic data image.

Further, on the first magnetic image, the second magnetic image can be overprinted.

Furthermore, the detecting device for the printing member for validity determination has the aforementioned printing member for validity determination, a heater for heating the printing member for validity determination to a temperature higher than the first Curie temperature and lower than the second Curie temperature, and a means for detecting a magnetic data image of the heated printing member for validity determination.

In this case, the first magnetic powder and second magnetic powder are preferable to be magnetic powder mainly composed of an iron oxide from the viewpoint of the environmental adaptability and detection. As such an iron oxide, for example, NiZn ferrite, CuZn ferrite, MnZn ferrite, and CuZnMg ferrite may be cited. Particularly, MnZn ferrite, CuZn ferrite, and NiZn ferrite can easily control the Curie temperature and the detection sensitivity thereof is high.

Further, as at least one of the first magnetic powder and second magnetic powder, it is preferable to use oxide magnetic powder practically composed of oxide magnetic powder having a Curie temperature between -50°C and 150°C and a mean powder particle diameter of 10µm or less. Such magnetic powder has characteristics that the dispersibility in magnetic ink is satisfactory, and necessary information can be precisely written in a fine position in a predetermined place, and satisfactory durability, high output, and high sensitivity are realized, and the reliability is high.

Particularly, as such an iron oxide, magnetic powder having a mean powder particle diameter of 5 nm to 5µm is preferable to be used and in this magnetic powder, the aforementioned characteristics are more satisfactory.

The mean powder particle diameter is more preferably 5 nm to 1µm.

Furthermore, by changing the amount of magnetic powder in two kinds of ink to be printed, the detection pattern can be changed.

Further, the means for detecting a magnetic data image is composed of the first magnetic detecting section and second magnetic detecting section installed at the preceding stage and later stage of the heater respectively.

Furthermore, in the validity determining device of the present invention, a validity determining section for determining the validity from the first detected magnetic pattern by the first magnetic detection section and the second detected magnetic pattern by the second magnetic detection section is additionally installed in the detecting device.

The present invention will be explained in detail hereunder with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Fig. 3 is a schematic view of an individual authentication card that is an example of a preferred printed-paper.

An individual authentication card 11 has a magnetic background image 12 printed on a card base 10 at random with the first magnetic ink including the first magnetic powder having a low Curie temperature higher than the room temperature, a magnetic data image 13 in a bar code pattern shape printed on the magnetic background image 12 with the second magnetic ink including the second magnetic powder having a Curie temperature higher than that of the first magnetic powder in correspondence with predetermined information, a face photograph 14 of the said person printed with ordinary color ink, and an authentication number not shown in the drawing.

As mentioned above, on the individual authentication card 11, the face photographs of the said person and authentication number are printed and a security art composed of the magnetic background image 12 and the magnetic data image 13 is additionally provided.

Fig. 4 shows a graph indicating the relationship between the temperature and the magnetization intensity as a magnetic property 21 of the first magnetic ink and a magnetic property 22 of the second magnetic ink. Here, Ta indicates a standard room temperature (20 to 30°C), and T1 indicates the Curie temperature of the first magnetic ink, that is, the temperature at which the magnetization is eliminated, and T2 indicates the Curie temperature of the second magnetic ink, and the first magnetic ink and second magnetic ink are designed so that Ta < T1 < T2 is held. The magnetization intensity of the first magnetic ink at the room temperature Ta is preferably higher than the magnetization intensity of the second magnetic ink.

As a combination having such a magnetic property, for example, in Ni1-xZnxFe2O4, there are two kinds of combinations such as x = 0.7 and x = 0.8. By use of it, two Curie temperatures can be set. Further, in Mn1-xZnyFe2O4, even when y = 0.80 and y = 0.90 are set, magnetic powder having a different Curie temperature can be set. Furthermore, a combination of different constituent elements, for example, a combination of NiZn ferrite and MnZn ferrite is also acceptable. When these materials are used as magnetic powder, particularly high effects can be obtained.

Figs. 5 to 7 are drawings for explaining the detecting method for the printing member for validity determination relating to the present invention. Fig. 5 is a schematic view showing a detecting device of the present invention, and Fig. 6 is a graph showing a detected record at the normal temperature Ta, and Fig. 7 is a graph showing a detected record at a temperature To between T1 and T2.

As shown in Fig. 5, a detecting device 31 comprises a conveyor 35 composed of, for example, a belt-shaped member for conveying the same individual authentication card 11 as that shown in Fig. 3, a first sensor 32 composed of a magnetic detecting section, a heater 34 composed of a halogen lamp, and a second sensor 33 composed of a magnetic detecting section. Furthermore, the detecting device 31 has a validity determining section 36 that is connected to the first sensor 32 and the second sensor 33, receives respective detection signals from the first sensor 32 and the second sensor 33, and determines the validity.

The first sensor 32 detects magnetic output at the rough room temperature Ta in the area where the magnetic data image 13 printed with the second magnetic ink in correspondence to predetermined information is overwritten on the magnetic background image 12 printed on the individual authentication card 11 with the first magnetic ink. Thereafter, the area is heated up to a temperature of To between the first Curie temperature and the second Curie temperature by the heater 34 and the magnetic output at that time is detected by the second sensor 33. In this case, the first sensor 32 and the second sensor 33 are arranged at two positions above and below the conveyor 35 respectively so as to increase the SN ratio. As a heater 34, in addition to the halogen lamp, a predetermined heater or a heat roller may be used.

Figs. 6 and 7 show the detected records by the first sensor 32 and the second sensor 33 in the area A-A' shown in Fig. 3 as graphs indicating the relationship between the time and the magnetic output respectively. The output of the first sensor 32, since the detection temperature is the room temperature Ta, detects the magnetic background image 12 printed with the first magnetic ink at random and the shape of the graph, as shown in Fig. 6, is detected as a noise-shape pattern of high output. On the other hand, since the temperature in the detection area is increased to a temperature of To higher than the Curie temperature T1 of the first magnetic ink, the magnetization of the magnetic background image 12 becomes zero, so that the output of the second sensor 33 can detect the bar code pattern of the magnetic data image 13 overwritten in this area at a high SN ratio.

Furthermore, the magnetic output of the first sensor 32 and the magnetic output of the second sensor 33 are input to the validity determining section 36. In this case, at the room temperature Ta, the noise pattern of high output is increased to a temperature of To, so that from the change in the magnetic output that it can be detected as a predetermined bar code pattern, the validity determining section 36 determines whether the individual authentication card 11 is a true card based on a predetermined specification or not and can send a validity determining signal 37 to a system not shown in the drawing.

Preferred magnetic powders for use with the present invention will now be described.

Embodiment 1 and Comparison example 1:

Magnetic powder Ni0.25Zn0.75Fe2O4 having a mean powder particle diameter of 0.1 µm and a Curie temperature of 80°C, resin, and dispersant are mixed so as to form ink. A paper is prepared as a base and a bar code is printed on the paper using the obtained magnetic ink. The coercive force of the used magnetic powder is 7110 A/m.

The obtained printed-paper is applied to a validity-determining device having the same constitution as that shown in Fig. 5. Firstly, a signal of the obtained printed-paper is detected using the first sensor 32 composed of a non-contact reading head at room temperature. Thereafter, the printed paper is heated up to 130°C or more by the heater 34 composed of a heater lamp and immediately after, a signal is detected again using the second sensor 33 composed of a non-contact reading head having the same constitution. As a result, a signal of 22 mVp-p is obtained at room temperature, though in the latter case, no signal is obtained. Even if the operation is repeated 1000 times in a short time, no change is observed in the detected signal.

As Comparison example 1, the same evaluation is made using magnetic ink produced using CrO2 as a magnetic pigment. The obtained output is extremely small and cannot be detected unless it is amplified considerably. When it is evaluated by "3M Viewer after the temperature is raised up to the Curie temperature or more once, although data erasure can be ascertained surely, it is found that writing and erasure confirmation require a lot of time, thereby validity determination at high speed is difficult.

As mentioned above, it is obvious that for the preferred magnetic ink and an article using it, validity determination can be executed easily and quickly.

Embodiment 2 and Comparison example 2:

Magnetic powder Ni0.2Zn0.8Fe2O4 having a mean powder particle diameter of 50 nm, a Curie temperature of 40°C, and coercive force of 9480 A/m and magnetic powder Ni0.25Zn0.75Fe2O4 having a mean powder particle diameter of 70 nm, a Curie temperature of 80°C, and coercive force of 8000 A/m at a rate of 1:7, resin, and dispersant are mixed so as to form ink. Using the obtained magnetic ink, in the same way as with Embodiment 1, a bar code is printed on a paper. The magnetic powder used is a one produced by the glass crystallization method. A signal of the obtained printed-paper is detected in the same way as with Embodiment 1.

As a result, a signal of 32 mVp-p is obtained at room temperature and a signal of 15 mVp-p is obtained at 60°C, though no signal is obtained under the heating condition. Even if the operation is repeated 1000 times in a short time, no change is observed in the detected signal.

As Comparison example 2, the same evaluation is made using magnetic ink produced using CrO2 with a particle diameter of 20µm as a magnetic pigment. In this case, the output is small such as about 0.1 mVp-p and even if the operation is repeated 1000 times, the output is extremely small and cannot be measured.

As mentioned above, high reliability that validity determination can be executed easily for the preferred magnetic ink and an article using it and can sufficiently withstand the repetition can be obtained.

Embodiment 3 and Comparison example 3

Magnetic ink A (Embodiment 3) obtained by mixing Ni0.3Zn0.7Fe2O4 having a mean crystal particle diameter of 80 nm and a Curie temperature of 120°C, resin, and dispersant and magnetic ink B (Comparison example 3) obtained by mixing Ni0.7Zn0.3Fe2O4 having a Curie temperature of 430°C or more, a mean crystal particle diameter of 14µm, and coercive force of 790 A/m and the same resin and dispersant are prepared respectively. Papers are printed using the obtained two kinds of magnetic ink respectively. The magnetic powder of the embodiment is a one produced by the glass crystallization method and the magnetic powder of the comparison example is a one produced by a method for obtaining magnetic powder by preparing and calcining iron oxide, zinc oxide, and nickel oxide so as to obtain a predetermined ratio.

Fig. 8 is a plan view showing another example of a printed-paper for validity determination relating to the present invention viewed from above. As shown in the drawing, the printed-paper has a predetermined pattern 111 printed on a paper 120 using the magnetic ink B having a high Curie temperature and predetermined patterns 112 and 113 printed using the magnetic ink A having a low Curie temperature. A signal of the obtained printed paper is detected by the first sensor 32 at normal temperature, and then the magnetic ink is heated up to about 150°C by the heater 34 composed of a heater lamp, and a signal is detected by the second sensor 33 again.

In Figs. 9 and 10, the waveform of the detected signal obtained by the first sensor 32 and the waveform of the detected signal obtained by the second sensor 33 are shown respectively. In the drawing, numeral 111a indicates a peak of the pattern 111 using the magnetic ink B having a high Curie temperature, and numeral 112a indicates a peak of the pattern 112 using the magnetic ink A having a low Curie temperature, and numeral 113a indicates a peak of the pattern 113 using the magnetic ink A having a low Curie temperature. As shown in the drawings, the peaks 112a and 113a of the magnetic ink A having a low Curie temperature obtained by the first sensor 32 disappear from the waveform of the detected signal obtained by the second sensor 33.

The detected signals obtained in the aforementioned embodiment can be determined as indicated below.

For example, with respect to the detected waveforms shown in Figs. 9 and 10, a high-pass filter removes the DC component and the signal waveform in a pulse shape is taken out. From the taken out signal waveforms, the number of pulses at a fixed voltage or higher is counted for the signals before and after heating. By ascertaining that the respective counts are the intrinsic predetermined numbers of the article for validity determination, that is, the value before heating is 3 and the value after heating is 1, the validity can be determined.

Or, after the high-pass filter removes the DC component and the signal waveform in a pulse shape is taken out, the signal is rectified to a DC signal. This DC signal is integrated and compared with the intrinsic predetermined numbers of the article for validity determination in magnitude. Namely, by ascertaining that the value before heating is larger and the value after heating is smaller, the validity can be determined.

Embodiments 4 and 5:

As a magnetic powder, Ni ferrite is selected, and Zn is selected so as to control the Curie temperature, and B2O3 is combined and used as a glass forming material, and the composition is changed, and a (Ni, Zn) Fe2O4 series is produced by way of trial.

Firstly, the raw materials are sufficiently mixed and the mixture is put into a platinum vessel having a nozzle at its end.

Next, the mixture is heated up to 1450°C by high frequency induction heating, pressured from above the platinum vessel, and put and suddenly cooled on the dual iron rollers with a diameter of 500 cm and a number of revolutions of 500 rpm and an amorphous material with a thickness of about 50 µm is obtained.

The obtained amorphous material is heat-treated in the air at 750°C for one hour and target fine particles of ferrite are crystallized. The glass forming material of the sample is dissolved and removed by a dilute acetic acid and the remaining powder is cleaned with water and dried.

Among magnetic powder with a particle diameter of 50 to 100 nm expressed by Ni1-xZnxFe2O4, three kinds of X = 0.7, 0.75, and 0.8 are mixed at a rate of 1:1:1 so as to form ink. A high-resolution ink jet printer as Embodiment 4 prints a paper using this ink.

Respective kinds of magnetic powder of X = 0.7, 0.75, and 0.8 are formed as ink and individual papers are printed in a stripe shape at different positions by the same method as Embodiment 5.

These samples are detected repeatedly by a contact type magnetic head and the durability is ascertained. It is ascertained that no change is found in the output by detection of 1000 times.

Furthermore, the sample of Comparison example 1 is detected repeatedly by the contact type magnetic head in the same way as with Embodiments 4 and 5, and the durability is ascertained, and it is found that when the detection is repeated 1000 times, the output is reduced to about 2/3 of the initial value. The reason is considered as that since the particle diameter of the magnetic powder is comparatively large, powder existing on the surface without entering between fibers of the paper is omitted due to friction with the head caused by high-speed movement.

The magnetic powder for validity determining ink for use with the present invention is satisfactory in output and durability, applicable to various printing arts, and high in reliability, determining speed, and forgery preventive effect.

By the preferred manufacturing method for magnetic powder for validity determining ink, magnetic powder having a desired small particle diameter which is satisfactory in output and durability, applicable to various printing arts, and high in reliability, determining speed, and forgery preventive effect can be obtained easily.

Furthermore, when the preferred magnetic ink for validity determination is used, a printing member for validity determination which is satisfactory in output and durability, applicable to various printing arts, and high in reliability, determining speed, and forgery preventive effect can be provided easily.

Furthermore, the preferred printing member for validity determination is satisfactory in the output and durability and high in reliability, determining speed, and forgery preventive effect.

Further, by using the detecting device for the printing member for validity determination of the present invention , magnetic information that is high in reliability and forgery preventive effect can be detected easily.

Furthermore, by using the validity-determining device of the present invention, magnetic information that is high in reliability and forgery preventive effect is detected and the validity can be determined quickly.


Anspruch[de]
Vorrichtung (31), umfassend: Mittel (35) zum Transportieren eines bedruckten Elements (11), das ein erstes magnetisches Bild (12; 112, 113), das mit einer ersten magnetischen Tinte gedruckt worden ist, die ein erstes magnetisches Pulver mit einer ersten Curie-Temperatur umfasst, und ein zweites magnetisches Bild (13; 111) aufweist, das mit einer zweiten magnetischen Tinte gedruckt worden ist, die ein zweites magnetisches Pulver mit einer zweiten Curie-Temperatur, die höher ist als die erste Curie-Temperatur des ersten magnetischen Pulvers, umfasst, eine Heizeinrichtung (34) zum Erwärmen des bedruckten Elements (11) auf eine Temperatur, die höher ist als die erste Curie-Temperatur und niedriger ist als die zweite Curie-Temperatur, und Mittel zum Erfassen magnetischer Eigenschaften (32, 33), die einen ersten Magneterfassungsabschnitt (32), der an einer der Heizeinrichtung (34) vorhergehenden Stufe installiert ist, zum Erfassen der magnetischen Eigenschaften des bedruckten Elements (11) umfassen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

die Mittel zum Erfassen magnetischer Eigenschaften (32, 33) ferner einen zweiten Magneterfassungsabschnitt (33) umfassen, der an einer der Heizeinrichtung (34) nachfolgenden Stufe installiert ist, und ,

ein Gültigkeitsbestimmungsabschnitt (36) angepasst ist, die Gültigkeit des bedruckten Elements (11) aus einer ersten magnetischen Eigenschaft des bedruckten Elements (11), die durch den ersten Magneterfassungsabschnitt (32) erfasst wird, und einer zweiten magnetischen Eigenschaft des erwärmten bedruckten Elements (11), die durch den zweiten Magneterfassungsabschnitt (33) erfasst wird, zu bestimmen.
Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, bei der mindestens eines des ersten magnetischen Pulvers und des zweiten magnetischen Pulvers eine Curie-Temperatur zwischen -50°C und 150°C und einen mittleren Pulverteilchendurchmesser von 10 µm oder weniger aufweist. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei der das erste magnetische Pulver und das zweite magnetische Pulver ein Eisenoxid als eine Hauptkomponente aufweisen. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, bei der das erste magnetische Pulver oder das zweite magnetische Pulver mindestens ein Eisenoxid, das aus NiZn-Ferrit, CuZn-Ferrit und MnZn-Ferrit ausgewählt ist, als eine Hauptkomponente aufweist. Verfahren, umfassend

Transportieren eines bedruckten Elements (11), das ein erstes magnetisches Bild (12; 112, 113), das mit einer ersten magnetischen Tinte gedruckt worden ist, die ein erstes magnetisches Pulver mit einer ersten Curie-Temperatur umfasst, und ein zweites magnetisches Bild (13; 111) aufweist, das mit einer zweiten magnetischen Tinte gedruckt worden ist, die ein zweites magnetisches Pulver mit einer zweiten Curie-Temperatur, die höher ist als die erste Curie-Temperatur des ersten magnetischen Pulvers, umfasst,

Erfassen einer ersten magnetischen Eigenschaft des bedruckten Elements (11), und

dann Erwärmen des bedruckten Elements (11) auf eine Temperatur, die höher ist als die erste Curie-Temperatur und niedriger ist als die zweite Curie-Temperatur,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es ferner die Schritte des

Erfassens einer zweiten magnetischen Eigenschaft des bedruckten Elements (11), während das bedruckte Element (11) auf eine Temperatur erwärmt wird, die höher ist als die erste Curie-Temperatur und niedriger ist als die zweite Curie-Temperatur, und des

Bestimmens der Gültigkeit des bedruckten Elements (11) aus den erfassten ersten und zweiten magnetischen Eigenschaften umfasst.
Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, bei dem mindestens eines des ersten magnetischen Pulvers und des zweiten magnetischen Pulvers eine Curie-Temperatur zwischen -50°C und 150°C und einen mittleren Pulverteilchendurchmesser von 10 µm oder weniger aufweist. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, bei dem das erste magnetische Pulver oder das zweite magnetische Pulver mindestens ein Eisenoxid, das aus NiZn-Ferrit, CuZn-Ferrit und MnZn-Ferrit ausgewählt ist, als eine Hauptkomponente aufweist.
Anspruch[en]
A device (31), comprising: means (35) for conveying a printed member (11), which has a first magnetic image (12; 112, 113) printed with a first magnetic ink including a first magnetic powder having a first Curie temperature and a second magnetic image (13; 111) printed with a second magnetic ink including a second magnetic powder having a second Curie temperature higher than the first Curie temperature of the first magnetic powder; a heater (34) for heating the printed member (11) to a temperature higher than the first Curie temperature and lower than the second Curie temperature; and magnetic characteristic detecting means (32, 33), which includes a first magnetic detecting section (32) installed at a preceding stage of the heater (34), for detecting the magnetic characteristics of the printed member (11); characterized in that: the magnetic characteristic detecting means (32, 33) further includes a second magnetic detecting section (33) installed at a later stage of the heater (34); and a validity determining section (36) is adapted to determine the validity of the printed member (11) from a first magnetic property of the printed member (11) detected by the first magnetic detecting section (32) and a second magnetic property of the heated printed member (11) detected by the second magnetic detecting section (33). A device according to Claim 1, wherein at least one of the first magnetic powder and the second magnetic powder has a Curie temperature between -50°C and 150°C and a mean powder particle diameter of 10 µm or less. A device according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein the first magnetic powder and the second magnetic powder have an iron oxide as a main component. A device according to one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the first magnetic powder or the second magnetic powder has at least one iron oxide selected from NiZn ferrite, CuZn ferrite, and MnZn ferrite as a main component. A method, comprising: conveying a printed member (11), which has a first magnetic image (12; 112, 113) printed with a first magnetic ink including a first magnetic powder having a first Curie temperature and a second magnetic image (13; 111) printed with a second magnetic ink including a second magnetic powder having a second Curie temperature higher than the first Curie temperature of the first magnetic powder; detecting a first magnetic property of the printed member (11); and then heating the printed member (11) to a temperature higher than the first Curie temperature and lower than the second Curie temperature; characterized by further comprising the steps of: detecting a second magnetic property of the printed member (11) while the printed member (11) is heated to a temperature higher than the first Curie temperature and lower than the second Curie temperature; and determining the validity of the printed member (11) from the detected first and second magnetic properties. The method according to claim 5, wherein at least one of the first magnetic powder and the second magnetic powder has a Curie temperature between -50°C and 150°C and a mean powder particle diameter of 10 µm or less. The method according to claim 5 or 6, wherein the first magnetic powder or the second magnetic powder has at least one iron oxide selected from NiZn ferrite, CuZn ferrite, and MnZn ferrite as a main component.
Anspruch[fr]
Appareil (31) comprenant: des moyens (35) pour convoyer un élément imprimé (11), qui présente une première image magnétique (12 ; 112, 113) imprimée avec une première encre magnétique qui inclut une première poudre magnétique ayant une première température de Curie et une seconde image magnétique (13 ; 111) imprimée avec une seconde encre magnétique qui inclut une seconde poudre magnétique ayant une seconde température de Curie supérieure à la première température de Curie de la première poudre magnétique ; un dispositif chauffant (34) pour chauffer l'élément imprimé (11) à une température supérieure à la première température de Curie et inférieure à la seconde température de Curie ; et des moyens de détection de caractéristiques magnétiques (32, 33) qui incluent une première section de détection magnétique (32) installée à un étage précédent du dispositif chauffant (34), pour détecter les caractéristiques magnétiques de l'élément imprimé (11) ; caractérisé en ce que : les moyens de détection de caractéristiques magnétiques (32, 33) incluent en outre une seconde section de détection magnétique (33) installée à un étage ultérieur du dispositif chauffant (34) ; et une section de détermination de validité (36) est adaptée à déterminer la validité de l'élément imprimé (11) à partir d'une première propriété magnétique de l'élément imprimé (11) détectée par la première section de détection magnétique (32) et d'une seconde propriété magnétique de l'élément imprimé chauffé (11) détectée par la seconde section de détection magnétique (33). Appareil selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'une au moins parmi la première poudre magnétique et la seconde poudre magnétique présente une température de Curie entre - 50°C et 150°C, et un diamètre moyen de particules de poudre de 10 µm ou moins. Appareil selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la première poudre magnétique et la seconde poudre magnétique comprennent de l'oxyde de fer à titre de composant principal. Appareil selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la première poudre magnétique ou la seconde poudre magnétique comprend au moins un oxyde de fer choisi parmi ferrite de NiZn, ferrite de CuZn, et ferrite de MnZn à titre de composant principal. Procédé, comprenant les étapes consistant à : convoyer un élément imprimé (11), qui présente une première image magnétique (12 ; 112, 113) imprimée avec une première encre magnétique qui inclut une première poudre magnétique ayant une première température de Curie et une seconde image magnétique (13 ; 111) imprimée avec une seconde encre magnétique qui inclut une seconde poudre magnétique ayant une seconde température de Curie supérieure à la première température de Curie de la première poudre magnétique ; détecter une première propriété magnétique de l'élément imprimé (11) ; et chauffer ensuite l'élément imprimé (11) à une température supérieure à la première température de Curie et inférieure à la seconde température de Curie; caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre les étapes consistant à: détecter une seconde propriété magnétique de l'élément imprimé (11) alors que l'élément imprimé (11) est chauffé à une température supérieure à la première température de Curie et inférieure à la seconde température de Curie ; et déterminer la validité de l'élément imprimé (11) à partir de la première et de la seconde propriété magnétique détectées. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'une au moins parmi la première poudre magnétique et la seconde poudre magnétique possède une température de Curie entre - 50°C et 150°C et un diamètre moyen de particules de poudre de 10 µm ou moins. Procédé selon la revendication 5 ou 6, dans lequel la première poudre magnétique ou la seconde poudre magnétique comprend au moins un oxyde de fer choisi parmi ferrite de NiZn, ferrite de CuZn, et ferrite de MnZn à titre de composant principal.






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