This invention refers to a sewing machine, preferably of
the industrial type, designed to mechanically sew two pieces of fabric using different
types of stitch and adjusting the layout of the stitches.
It is, therefore, a sewing machine with the special feature
of being able to sew two pieces of fabric by at least two different types of stitch
placed at the distances desired thanks to fast setting of the appliance.
As is known sewing machines, which mechanically sew together
two or more pieces of fabric, are usually designed, at the industrial level, according
to various structural techniques based on the different procedures they are designed
Well-known, for example, are units with one needle or multiple
needles meant to sew garments such as, for example, jeans or casual pants in general,
work garments, shirts or other garments.
In their most common form these versions are provided with
an upper head where the needle is located, a system that feeds the pieces of fabric
to be sewn and a base, positioned below the upper head, that includes means that
contribute, together with the needle, to create the stitch.
Rotary motion in the upper head, driven by a shaft connected
to the drive motor, is converted, by a cam, into reciprocating motion and then transferred
to the needle support. The upper head also carries, in a position adjacent to the
needle, a presser foot that functions to keep the pieces of fabric to be sewn pressed
down towards the lower base.
The fabric feed system usually includes specific means
that act on the fabrics to be sewn, moving them in one direction.
The base, positioned below the upper head, includes at
least one crochet that is used, together with the needle, to complete the stitches.
Naturally all the previously described components that
have the ability to perform rotary and traverse motions perform these motions in
a synchronized manner.
The type of stitch to be made is of particular importance
when designing and manufacturing sewing machines.
Obviously every different type of stitch requires different
components and requires these to make different motions, consequently requiring
use of different sewing machines for different stitches.
For example the known technique for making a knotted stitch
requires a machine with a special constantly rotating crochet and with synchrony
that calls for traverse motion of the needle that corresponds to two 360° rotations
by the crochet.
Making a chain stitch, on the other hand, requires a machine
with a crochet with a shape that is different from that for the knotted stitch,
with reciprocating rotary and/or traverse motions and with synchrony that calls
for needle traverse motion corresponding to the crochet motion.
In addition the need to impart reciprocating motion to
the crochet forces the manufacturer to create machines with a structure that is
substantially different from those designed to sew with knotted stitches.
Another difference between the two types of machine is
the fact that while the machine for sewing with knotted stitches has a spool with
the thread inserted inside the crochet the machine for sewing with the chain stitch
requires different mechanisms that may even be positioned outside the machine.
These important and substantial differences between the
two different types of machine are due to the great diversity of shape and formation
between the knotted stitch and the chain stitch.
According to known technique, therefore, two different
sewing machines must necessarily correspond to these two different types of stitch.
This involves a considerable cost for the customer or for
companies in the textile industry who are required to offer increasingly flexible
and versatile services given, primarily, the fast variations in fashion.
The aim of the present invention is to overcome all the
above-mentioned problems and others as well thanks to creation of a single machine
that is able to sew either alternatively or in combination knotted stitches and/or
double chain stitches.
These aims and advantages are all achieved, according to
the invention, by a base for a sewing machine with a head that includes at least
one presser foot and at least one sewing needle, which base is characterized by
the fact that it includes at least one first crochet powered by drive components
and at least one transmission system including at least one second crochet; said
transmission system is designed to provide rotation to said second crochet through
drive means connected to components included in the base; said transmission system
is made mobile with respect to this base by drive and adjustment means.
The machine, including the base so designed, advantageously
permits sewing two different types of stitches using a single structure where different
elements can work depending on the type of stitch desired.
The object of this invention therefore makes it no longer
necessary to purchase two different machines with the considerable economic savings
this entails. In addition it is possible, thanks to the sewing machine in question,
to determine the relevant layout of the sewing stitches by means of a fast and simple
setting system: in fact the distance between needle and needle can be adjusted according
to the needs of the machine operator by performing the desired caliber change.
Other characteristics and details of the invention can
be better understood from the following description which is given as a non-limiting
example, as well as from the accompanying drawings wherein:
- fig. 1
- is an axonometric view from above of the sewing machine, including the base,
that is the object of this invention;
- fig. 2
- is an axonometric view from above of the sewing machine, including the base,
with the transmission system traversed and moved away from the body of the machine,
showing a protective casing for the space created between transmission system and
- fig. 3
- is an axonometric view from above of the sewing machine, with the base, with
the transmission system traversed and moved away from the body of the machine but
without the casing in figure 2;
- fig. 4
- is an axonometric view from above of the machine in figure 2 with the transmission
system in an exploded drawing;
- fig. 5
- shows figure 4 in an axonometric view from the opposite side with the transmission
system exploded and the base without its cover casing;
- fig. 6
- is an axonometric view of the transmission system;
- figures 7, 8
- are axonometric side views of the base, object of the invention, including two
reciprocating motion crochets respectively with claw drive means and with roller
- fig. 9
- shows an axonometric side view of the base including two rotary motion crochets;
- fig. 10
- is an axonometric view of the base including a rotary motion crochet and a reciprocating
- fig. 11
- is an axonometric side view of the base in figure 2 showing a close-up of the
With reference to the attached figures No. 1 indicates
the base of a sewing machine which also includes one head 2 with presser foot 12
and relevant upper sewing components such as, for example, thread-pulling means.
In particular base 1 permits the machine to perform two
different types of stitch without important replacements of its component elements.
In fact it is possible both to make knotted stitches and chain stitches both in
combination and/or alternatively.
To achieve this result base 1 includes first crochet 5
and second crochet 6 with continuous rotary motion for the knotted stitches and
two crochets, 7 and 27, with reciprocating motion to make the chain stitches.
The first crochet 5 is visible in the right position of
figures 5 and 9 and is connected by pin 9 to known type of means 22 which permit
it to move.
Likewise as in figure 7 crochets 7 and 27 are also coupled
by support 23 to pin 8 designed to move, in reciprocating motion, crochets 7 and
27, receiving its drive in its turn from known types of means. Support 23 and, consequently,
crochets 7 and 27 can be longitudinally traversed thanks to spring system 24 visible
in figure 9.
Second crochet 6 with continuous rotary motion placed at
the left in figure 9 permits creation of knotted stitches in combination with chain
stitches made by one or more of crochets 7 and 27 or in combination with other knotted
stitches sewn by first crochet 5.
Said second crochet 6 receives motion from first pin 10
coupled to gear transmission system 3 and connected by two guides 14 to base 1 and
being able to traverse in a right angle direction to the direction of sewing.
In particular, as shown in figure 4, said first pin 10
is connected to a first gear 11 which is coupled to a second gear 13. This second
gear 13 is coupled to grooved connection shaft 15 which is made to rotate by grooved
Said grooved connection shaft 15 and said grooved coupling
16 are advantageously coupled together in a telescoping manner in order to ensure
uninterrupted motion independent from the position of connection shaft 15, permitting
the unit to traverse in a longitudinal direction.
Second rotary crochet 6, thanks to the predefined configuration
of gear transmission system 3, can be totally operational no matter what position
it is in: transmission system 3, in fact, has compartment 31 designed to hold circular
element 17 which, suitably connected to base 1 of the machine, permits adjustment
of the distance between this same transmission system 3 and said base 1.
It is also possible to insert a hexagonal wrench in profiled
hole 18 located on circular element 17 which can be easily accessed by the machine
operator as shown in figure 3.
Gear transmission system 3 moves longitudinally the desired
dimension thanks to the action of the hexagonal wrench or other means. It also moves,
as a consequence, rotary crochet 6 which can move to one of four openings 21 positioned
on needle plate 20 and suitable for making fabric presser foot 12 cooperate with
relevant crochets 6, 7 and 27 placed below needle plate 20.
Needle plate 20 can also be easily replaced with a similar
plate with a number of openings 21 and distances between openings 21 different from
those illustrated in figures 1, 2, and 3 irrespective of the types of crochets that
must work. In this way it is possible to make, with easy settings of the positions
of crochets 5, 6, 7 and 27, different types of stitches at different distances between
Likewise circular element 17 can determine two or more
positions of transmission system 3. In the case described here circular element
17 determines four different positions of system 3.
Thanks to such a base 1 it is possible to obtain, near
opening 25, a knotted stitch or a chain stitch, also by removing the first rotary
crochet 5 while near one of the openings 21 we can obtain another knotted or chain
stitch. In this way we can achieve four different stitch types/layouts meaning one
with one or more chain stitches, one with one or more knotted stitches, another
with a knotted stitch and one or more chain stitches and, finally, one with one
or more chain stitches and a knotted stitch in positions that are inverted compared
to the previous one.
The drive mechanism for gear transmission system 3 also
calls for pneumatic piston 30 controlled by the operator using a push-button or
other means. When said piston 30 is activated transmission system 3 moves clearly
away from base 1 so that the operator can, when he desires, change one or more spools
of crochets 5 or 6. This pneumatic piston is opposed by elastic or spring means
28 that bring transmission system 3 back towards base 1 in order to return, when
desired by the operator, to the working configuration.
This operation only takes place with the needle bar positioned
at top dead center and with the machine stopped, offering total safety for the operator.
In addition base 1 also includes means 19 that facilitate
forward feed of the fabrics to sew. In fact a base can be made both with feed rollers,
as in figure 1, and with claw systems as in figure 7.
In addition base 1 is tubular in shape or has an irregular
polygonal cross section that comes near to being a circular profile in order to
make it easy to sew garments with similar shapes such as pants or whatever.
Casing 26 is advantageously present to permit changing
the spool inside first rotary crochet 5 and second rotary crochet 6.
In addition gear system 3 is covered by casing 29 coupled
to base 1 in this way casing 29 covers the opening formed between system 3 and base
1 when system 3 moves away from base 1, guaranteeing maximum safety for the operator.
A technician in the sector can also foresee several modifications
or variations which are to be held to be included within the realm of protection
of this application for an invention patent.