PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1272726 13.12.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001272726
Titel METHODE UND VORRICHTUNG ZUM ANTREIBEN UND LAGERN EINER ABDECKUNG
Anmelder Wayne-Dalton Corp., Pensacola, Fla., US
Erfinder MULLET, Willis Jay, Gulf Breeze, FL 32561, US;
KYLE, Donald Bruce, Pace, FL 32571, US
Vertreter Puschmann & Borchert, 82041 Oberhaching
DE-Aktenzeichen 60036966
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 14.04.2000
EP-Aktenzeichen 009215955
WO-Anmeldetag 14.04.2000
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/US00/08729
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2001079647
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 25.10.2001
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 08.01.2003
EP date of grant 31.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 13.12.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse E06B 9/70(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to a driving and storing mechanism for flexible curtain material that covers openings in a structure which provide protection for the opening from high wind velocity pressure (i. e., hurricanes and tornadoes) and impacts from windborne debris. Instead of a flexible curtain any type of covering including a garage door or other structure made of slats may be used employing the principles of the instant invention. The mechanism of the invention includes a system where a substantially constant tension is maintained on the curtain material as it is unwrapped from its storage roller to close an opening in a structure and as it is wrapped in returning it to the fully stored condition.

It is desired to keep approximately the same amount of tension on the certain as it is lowered from the completely stored position into the completely dispensed position. Further, it is desired to keep approximately the same amount of tension on the curtain between the storage roller and the driving roller. Constant tension on the curtain between the storage and driving rollers results in the curtain's smooth storage in a small area. Further, and importantly, constant tension between the storage and driving rollers enables use of a smaller and lower powered electric motor. Employing a variable reference point for the spring of the instant invention enables the maintenance of approximately constant tension in the flexible curtain as it traverses between the open and closed positions and between the closed and open positions. By closed it is means that the curtain covers the opening in the building and by open it is meant that the curtain does not cover the opening in the building. In the closed position the curtain is fully deployed or dispensed from the storage roller and in its open position the curtain is fully stored or wound on the storage roller. Without a variable reference, the driving motor must use more energy as the curtain progresses from the open position toward a closed position. During rewind of the curtain from the closed position to the open position, constant tension between the driving roller enables smooth winding of the flexible curtain of the storage roller.

United States Patent No. 5,355,927 to McKeon discloses a mechanism for controlling the opening an closing of a door comprising a speed reduction means for reducing a rotational speed. A high speed shaft is connected to the speed reduction means and is connectable to a means for rotating the input shaft, and a low speed output shaft is connected to the speed reduction means. A governor is mounted on the input shaft for limiting the rotational speed thereof, to also regulate the rotational speed of the output shaft. A brake is provided for preventing rotation of the output shaft, and a self-closing mechanism is operatively connected to the door. The self-closing mechanism is adapted for storing energy when the door is opened to an open position, and a connection means operatively connects the output shaft to the self-closing mechanism. A releasing means is provided for releasing the brake to permit rotation of the output shaft under the urging of the self-closing mechanism whereby the self-closing mechanism releases the energy stored therein so as to close the door to a closed position when the brake is released by the releasing means.

In detail this known mechanism comprises a spring connected at one end to a shaft which is fixed to the frame. A first elongated member and a second elongated member rotate in the same direction. A further spring is pretensioned:several turns with respect to the first elongated member through use of pawl/ratchet and then the pretensioning is maintained by a sprocket gear, chain, and regulating mechanism (motor etc.). A large powerful motor capable of significant torque must be used because of the spring, which is also connected at the other end to a roller/tube and which is tensioned more and more as the door is opened. The further spring stays in constant tension with respect to the roller because of a chain interconnection between a gear affixed to the roller and a gear affixed to the shaft and further because of the interconnection between the door and cog wheels. As understood, the shaft is a rotating reference for the further spring.

United States Patent No. 958,605 to Doring discloses a fixed sleeve "c' and a nut "1" having lugs or projections "k". Nut '1" moves leftwardly and rightwardly as it is driven by threaded shaft "g". A curtain is affixed to a roller "a" and the roller is affixed to a toothed gear/huo "b". Gear/hub "b" is rotatable with respect to the fixed sleeve "c". Gear "b" drives gears "d" and "e" which drive gear "f" in the same direction as gear "b". Gear "f" is affixed to shaft "g" which is threaded. Rotation of the roller "a" causes the threaded shaft "g" to rotate through nut "l" causing nut "l" to move leftwardly storing energy in the spring as the curtain Ls pulled downwardly. The spring is fixed at one end, however, and a variable reference is not employed. Energy stored in the spring is released when the curtain is released from a restraint and it is this energy which returns the curtain to its stored position.

United States Patent No. 2,842,198 to Prieto discloses a split ring torsion regulator which limits expansion and, hence, tension in a spring. The split ring is adjustable but a variable reference is not employed.

United States Patent No. 667,302 to Edwards discloses an apparatus by which the tension of the spring in a roller may be changed or adjusted without the removal of the roller from its brackets or mountings. More specifically, a spring is connected to a roller and to a rotatable part or a spring is connected to a barrel and a rotatable spindle. The rotatable part or the rotatable spindle is adjustable as desired. However, the adjustment is permanent and does not provide a variable reference point for the spring in either instance.

United States Patent No. 1,828,623 to G. M. Sacerdote discloses a pulley driven shaft and a spring connected to its shaft and to a roller. When the screen is unwound from the roller the belts will be wound around the pulleys and vice versa. As the screen and belts are thus wound, the diameter of the roller and pulleys vary and the tension upon the screen is such to keep the curtain taut, varying between two limits which are not far apart.

United States Patent No. 3,955,611 to Coles et al. discloses an awning construction particularly adapted for mounting on a mobile home. The awning includes an awning shade having one end fixed to an outside wall of the mobile home, and the other end of the awning shade is attached to an awning roller, which roller is pivotedly connected to the same outside wall. The awning roller includes an elongated torque rod which is nonrotatably connected to a pair of support arms. The support arms are pivotedly connected to the outside wall. A tube is rotatably mounted on the torque rod and is secured to the other end of the awning shade. A torsion spring connects the torque rod with the tube to rotate the tube relative to the torque rod and holds the tube up against the wall of the mobile home in its normal condition. A lock 126 releasably locks the tube relative to the torque rod to allow the tube to stay selectively in an extended position away from the side wall. See Fig. 6.

United States Patent No. 4,013,113 to Frei discloses a shutter which includes a curtain formed of elongated bars hinged to one another at longitudinal edges and guided at their ends in laterally spaced guide grooves extending along opposite sides of an opening to be controlled by the shutter. A rotatable member is mounted in an upper receiving zone, such as a lintel above the opening, and the rolling bar curtain is trained about this member for direction reversal during raising and lowering. The laterally spaced guide grooves extend along the peripheral portion of this rotary member and are then branched to form branch guide grooves extending downwardly from the rotatable element into a recess formed in the lintel or the like. Guide elements, such as pins or rollers on the ends of each bar, cooperated with the branch guide means to conjointly guide the bars to form at least one vertical pile of bars superposed in horizontal orientation in the recess, responsive to raising of the curtain. The rotatable element may be circular or may be polygonal and if polygonal, has sides each conforming to the width of a bar of the curtain. This invention is demonstrative of the complexities of guiding and managing a curtain that is somewhat flexible and made from rigid sections.

United States Patent No. 4,478,268 to Palmer discloses a door for closing a vehicular traffic passageway. The door is a curtain fabricated from a hard flexible material. The curtain runs in opposing channels, is mounted on a counterbalanced wind-up drum and under impact changes weight and moves out of the channels and is wound up to open the vehicular passageway.

United States Patent No. 4,601,320 to Taylor discloses a pressure differential compensating door which includes a curtain for closing a doorway having a first upper end, a second lower end and side edges and a counterbalanced curtain winding mechanism having the first end of the curtain attached thereto for raising and lowering the curtain.

None of the related art, however, solves the problem of maintaining approximately constant tension between the storage roller and the drive roller throughout the travel of the curtain from a fully stored position to a fully deployed position and back. Further, none of the related art solves the problem of maintaining approximately constant tension between the drive roller and the storage roller so as to enable use of a relatively low power motor. Present designs require the use of a large motor so as to overcome the resistance of a spring connected at one end to a storage roller and at the other end to a fixed structure (ground). Present designs require a large motor because the resistance of the spring increases linearly as the curtain extends toward its fully deployed position.

The instant invention is an apparatus for maintaining approximately constant tension of a curtain between a drive roller and a storage roller. The constant tension is achieved by pre-tensioning the curtain between the drive roller and the storage roller and then maintaining approximately the same amount of tension by rotating the reference to which one end of a spring is attached. The rotating reference is a shaft which is affixed to and rotates with a.shaft gear. The other end of the spring is affixed to a cylindrical tube member, i. e., the storage roller, upon which the flexible curtain is stored. A motor driven gear drives a gear affixed to the drive roller. The gear affixed to the drive roller in turn drives idler gears which in turn drive the shaft gear.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for maintaining approximately constant tension on a flexible curtain between a storage roller and a drive roller. Cogs or toothed projections on the driving roller engage apertures in the flexible curtain enabling the curtain to be driven between open and closed positions.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for storing and driving a flexible curtain which requires a low power motor. A low power motor may be used when the tension between the driving roller and the storage roller is approximately constant between initial (curtain fully stored) and final (curtain fully dispensed) conditions.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a method for opening and closing a flexible curtain under approximately constant tension between a storage roller and a driving roller.

Description of the Drawings

Fig. 1
is a front elevational view of the driving and storing mechanism of the present invention illustrating the curtain material covering an opening (shown in phantom) in a building structure;
Fig. 1A
is a vertical cross-section of the mechanism shown in Fig. 1 and specifically illustrated as being along the lines 1A-1A of Fig. 2;
Fig. 2
is a fragmentary cross-sectional view taken generally along the lines 2-2 of Fig. 1A;
Fig. 3
is a rear view of the driving and storing mechanism illustrated in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4
is a view similar to Fig. 1 but omits the openings in the building structure as seen in phantom in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4A
is a diagrammatic view taken generally along the lines 4A-4A of Fig. 4 illustrating the arrangement;
Fig. 4B
is a view taken generally in the same direction as Fig. 4A but showing only the tube member (storage roller) which is used to store the flexible curtain material and the curtain engagement member (drive roller) which is used to engage and drive the curtain material in its up and down movements;
Fig. 4C
is an enlarged portion of Fig. 4A;
Fig. 4D
is an enlarged partial cross-sectional view taken generally along the lines 4D-4D of Fig. 4A and showing the cylindrical tube member (storage roller) upon which the flexible curtain material is wrapped in stored condition;
Fig. 4E
illustrates an inverted belt drive 97 operating between a pulley affixed to the drive shaft and a pulley affixed to a shaft within the storage roller;
Fig. 4F
is an enlarged portion of Fig. 4B illustrating the interengagement of cogs/pins of the drive roller with apertures in the flexible curtain;
Fig. 5
is an isometric view of a variation in the means for driving the storing mechanism illustrated in the previous figures;
Fig. 6
is an elevational view of the electric motor and its connections and as illustrated in Fig. 5; and
Fig. 7
is a fragmentary isometric view from another angle illustrating the parts also shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6.

A better understanding of the drawings will be had when reference is made to the Description of the Invention and the claims which follow hereinbelow.

Referring to Fig. 4D, a cylindrical tube member 40 (sometimes referred to as a storage roller 40) has an outer cylindrical surface 41 for the reception of a length of curtain material 22 in a rolled up configuration. The storage roller 40 is mounted in the frame structure of a window opening. See, Fig. 1A as well. This frame structure includes 2 x 6 inch wooden members 29 and as shown in Fig. 1A, siding 31 covering the exterior of the building and plasterboard or other internal wall structure 32. Vertical bearing members 35 and 36 are provided in the building structure 28 and serve to position and mount the storage roller 40 and other structures to be described hereinafter. One end of the storage roller 40 at 42 is mounted for rotation in the bearing structure 35 and the other end is mounted for rotation in the bearing member 36. This is accomplished by a first shaft 44 best seen in the enlarged view of Fig. 4D which has first 45 and second 46 end portions with the first end portion 45 extending coaxially into the tube member 40 and with the second end portion 46 of the first shaft 44 extending exteriorly of the tube member. This second end portion 46 is seen as extending into the vertical bearing member 36 in Fig. 1A.

Still referring to Fig. 4D, a first gear 50 is connected to the second end portion 46 of the first shaft 44 for rotation in unison therewith. A torsion spring 52 as seen in Fig. 4D surrounds the first end portion 45 of the first shaft 44. First end 53 of spring 52 is connected to the first end portion 45 of the first shaft 44. Second end portion 54 of spring 52 is connected to sleeve 51 which is affixed to storage roller 40 by pins 56 secured to the storage roller 40 and sleeve 51. With this construction, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that a cylindrical tube or storage member 40 and the shaft 44 may be rotationally positioned in a plurality of positions with respect to each other which are dependent on the spring constant and the desired tension between the storage members and the driving roller 70. This will be referred to hereinafter as pre-tensioning the storage roller 40 relative to the driving roller.

Referring to Figs. 4, 4A and 4C, a first idler gear 58 is mounted for rotation about a first idler shaft 59 and it is in meshing engagement with the first gear 50. The first idler shaft 59 is mounted in the vertical bearing member 36. A second idler gear 62 is mounted for rotation about a second idler shaft 63 and gear 62 is in meshing engagement with the first idler gear 58.

The idler shafts are mounted in vertical bearing member 36. A curtain drive gear 66 is mounted for rotation about a second shaft 67 and it is in meshing engagement with the second idler gear 62. The second shaft 67 is likewise mounted and supported by vertical bearing member 36. See Fig. 1A.

A curtain engagement member, 70, sometimes referred to herein as a roller drive 70, is also mounted on the second shaft 67 for rotation therewith and in unison with the curtain drive gear 66. The curtain engagement member 70 is provided with pins 72 at each of its two end portions which are rotatively or circumferentially spaced from each other and are adapted to fit into openings 74 in the flexible curtain material so that when the drive roller 70 is driven rotatively, it drives the curtain material either up or down depending upon the direction of rotation.

Referring to Figs. 1, 3, and 4, drive motor 76 is mounted in the mechanism and has a drive shaft 77 which in turn is rotatively connected to a drive gear 78 which meshes with the curtain drive gear 66. Rotation of the drive motor in one direction therefore causes the curtain material to be unrolled from the tube member to cover an opening 25 as illustrated in Fig. 1 and in the opposite direction causes the curtain material 22 to fold up onto storage roller 40 to uncover the opening.

Guides 79 on opposite sides of the structure (see Fig. 1) are adapted to receive the outer edges of the flexible curtain material to keep it in position as it moves from its lowermost to its uppermost position. A latch 81 (Fig. 2) is adapted to secure the curtain in its lowermost position.

Figs. 5, 6 and 7 are simply different showings of how the drive and storing mechanism can be motorized to be driven between its uppermost and lowermost positions. In these figures where the structure is essentially the same as in Figs. 1-4, reference numerals 100 units higher have been designated to illustrate the parts. Drive roller 170 is driven by drive gear 166 which, in turn, is driven by the worm gear drive 86. Drive gear 166 drives idler gear 162 which drives idler gear 158. Idler gear 158 drives gear 150 which drives the shaft (not seen).

The mechanism of Figs. 5-7 primarily is an alternative to the drive motor 76 shown in the previous drawing and its drive shaft 77 as well as gear 78. In this showing there has been illustrated a worm gear drive indicated generally by the reference numeral 86 and this worm gear drive includes a worm gear housing 88 and a worm gear reduction housing 90. See Fig. 5. The associated gears (not shown) within these housings are driven from motor 93. The motor is reversible which enables the mechanism to drive the curtain in either an up direction or a down direction. The drive mechanism in Figs. 5-7 illustrates variations in drive mechanisms which can be used to couple the drive roller 170 to the storage roller 140.

Fig. 4E illustrates an inverted belt drive 97 operating between pulley 95 affixed to shaft 67 and pulley 96 affixed to shaft 44. Referring to Fig. 4C, rotation of the drive shaft 67 in a clockwise direction results in rotation of shaft 44 in a counterclockwise direction. Similarly, rotation of the drive shaft 67 in a counterclockwise direction results in rotation of shaft 44 in a clockwise direction. Inverted belt drive maintains this relationship because it is inverted. A motor may still be used to operate a gear affixed to shaft 67 but use of the belt would eliminate the need for the idler gears and the gear 50. The belt would have to be reasonably tight so as to prevent slippage during pretensioning. As with the gearing arrangement set forth in Fig. 4A, it is necessary that the curtain apertures 74 engage at least two of the cogs 72 to insure tensioning of the curtain and positive driving of the curtain. Fig. 4F is an enlarged portion of Fig. 4B illustrating the inter-engagement of cogs/pins 72 of the drive roller with apertures 74 in the flexible curtain. Fig. 4A illustrates the storage roller 40 placed rightwardly or rearwardly from the drive roller 70. This insures that the curtain 22 will sufficiently wrap around roller 70 and constantly engage at least two cogs/pins 72.

Referring now particularly to the detailed drawing of Fig. 4D, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that pre-tensioning of the mechanism is accomplished by rotating the cylindrical tube member 40 relative to the shaft 44. The curtain 22 is affixed to the storage roller 40 by mushroom headed pins 56. The storage roller is rotated clockwise as viewed in Figs. 4A or 4C. Roller 40 rotates clockwise and creates tension in spring 52 as shaft 44 does not turn since the gear train 78, 66, 62, 58 and 50 are locked up through resistance of the gears, the driver roller 70 and the inertia of the drive motor. Sleeve 51 rotates with roller 40 as the curtain is pulled by hand downwardly such that the openings 74 of the curtain material 22 fit over the pins 72 in the drive roller 70. The relative movement between the storage roller 40 and the shaft 44 creates tension in the torsion spring 52 to a predetermined level and the tension is then maintained by placing the openings 74 over the pins 72.

Referring to Fig. 4B, the curtain 22 extends from the back side of storage roller 40 and engages cogs/pins 72 so as to secure the curtain 22 over the cogs/pins 72. Cogs/pins 72 are on both sides of the drive roller 70. Apertures 74 are formed in the curtain 72 where the curtain is folded over onto itself. See Fig. 4D. Reference numeral 23 represents the folded portion and stitching 24 secures the folded portion to the main portion of the curtain.

The curtain 22 is positioned by the rotation of the drive roller 70. Usually, the curtain 22 is a three ply curtain having a reinforced polyester sheet laminated between two polymeric plys. As such, the curtain is usually of lightweight construction.

Referring to Fig. 4C, as the curtain drive gear 66 is rotated counterclockwise to bring curtain 22 downwardly, idler gear 62 is rotated clockwise, idler gear 58 is rotated counterclockwise and the first gear 50 connected to shaft 44 is rotated clockwise. As indicated in Fig. 4C, all of the gears are the same size such that one rotation of curtain drive gear 66 results in one rotation of first gear 50 in the opposite direction. Any size gears may be used and the relative positioning of the gears may change. It is necessary, however, to maintain the ratio of the drive gear 66 to the first gear 50 in approximately a 1:1 ratio so as to ensure approximately uniform tensioning between the drive roller 70 and the storage roller 40. The size of the motor drive gear may change without affecting the 1:1 ratio.

From the initial condition of the curtain material 22 being fully stored on the storage roller 40, and hence the diameter of the stored curtain being larger than the diameter of the drive roller 70, one counterclockwise rotation of drive gear 66 results in one clockwise rotation of first gear 50 and shaft 44 but roller 40 rotates in the clockwise direction (referring to Fig. 4C) less than one rotation thus changing slightly the pre-tension in the curtain between the storage roller 40 and the drive roller 70. Those skilled in the art will readily recognize that the diameter of the storage roller 40, the diameter of the stored curtain material, the spring constant of spring 52, the size of the gears 50 and 66, the size of drive roller 70 and its cogs/pins 72, and the weight of the curtain material 22 will all influence the slight change in pre-tension.

As the shaft 44 and cylindrical tube member 40 are rotated to either bring the curtain material down to cover the opening 25 or to move it in the reverse direction in storing the curtain material on the storage roller 40, this predetermined tension maintains the curtain material taut between the cogs/pins 72 on the drive roller 70 and the storage roller 40. As a result, the flexible curtain material is maintained in a neat and orderly wrapped up condition without folds or wrinkles. The tension that is provided between the storage roller 40 and shaft 44 remains essentially constant in unwinding and winding up the curtain material. As discussed earlier, the diameter of the curtain material 22 on the storage roller slightly influences the tension between the storage roller 40 and the drive roller 70.

Although this invention has been specifically described for use in connection with a flexible material, those skilled in the art will readily recognize that the principles can be applied to other covering such as garage doors or slatted door coverings.

Those skilled in the art will recognize that the invention has been set forth by way of example only and that changes may be made to the invention without departing from the scope of the appended claims.

Reference Numeral List

22
curtain material
23
folded portion
24
stitching
25
opening
28
building structure
29
2 x 6 inch wooden members
31
siding
32
internal wall structure
35
vertical bearing member
36
vertical bearing member
40
cylindrical tube member
41
outer cylindrical surface
42
storage roller
44
first shaft
45
first end portion
46
second end portion
50
first gear, gear train
51
sleeve
52
torsion spring
53
first end of spring
58
first idler gear,
59
first idler shaft
62
second idler gear, gear train
63
second idler shaft
66
curtain drive gear, gear train
67
second shaft
70
curtain engagement member, drive roller
72
pins, cogs/pins, curtain
74
openings/curtain apertures
76
drive motor
77
drive shaft
78
drive gear, gear train
79
guides
81
latch
86
worm gear drive
88
worm gear housing
90
worm gear reduction housing
93
motor
95
pulley
96
pulley
97
belt drive, inverted belt drive
100
parts of the drive and storing mechanism
140
storage roller
150
gear
158
idler gear
162
idler gear
166
drive gear
170
drive roller


Anspruch[de]
Lager- und Antriebsmechanismus in Kombination mit einer Abdeckung (22), umfassend eine drehbare Lagerungsrolle (42) zum Lagern und Abwickeln der Abdeckung (22), eine drehbare Antriebswelle (77), eine Feder (52), die zwischen der drehbaren Lagerungsrolle (42) und der drehbaren Antriebswelle (77) wirkt, einen Antriebsmechanismus (76), wobei der Antriebsmechanismus (76) die drehbare Antriebswelle (77) antreibt, wobei die drehbare Antriebswelle (77) bei Ab- oder Aufrollen der Abdeckung (22) in derselben Richtung gedreht wird wie die drehbare Lagerungsrolle (42), eine Antriebsrolle (70), die die drehbare Antriebswelle (77), die drehbare Lagerungsrolle (42) und die Abdeckung (22) antreibt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich die Antriebsrolle (70) in entgegengesetzter Richtung zur drehbaren Antriebswelle (77) und der drehbaren Lagerungsrolle (44) dreht, so dass eine im Wesentlichen konstante Spannung an der Abdeckung (22) beibehalten wird, wenn diese von ihrer Lagerungsrolle (42) abgewickelt wird, um eine Öffnung (25) in einem Aufbau abzudecken, und wenn diese bei der Rückführung in den vollkommen aufgerollten Zustand wieder aufgewickelt wird. Lager- und Antriebsmechanismus nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Antriebsrolle (70) ein Antriebsrad (78) aufweist, und bei dem die drehbare Antriebswelle (77) ein Wellenrad (50) aufweist, und der Mechanismus des weiteren Zwischenräder (58, 62, 66) umfasst, die mit dem Wellenrad (40) und dem Antriebszahnrad (78) verbunden sind. Lager- und Antriebsmechanismus in Verbindung mit einem flexiblen Rollo (22), der folgendes umfasst: eine drehbare Lagerungsrolle (42) zum Lagern und Abrollen des flexiblen Rollos (22), eine drehbare Antriebswelle (77), eine Antriebsrolle (70), eine Feder (52), die zwischen der drehbaren Lagerungsrolle (42) und der drehbaren Antriebswelle (77) wirkt, ein gekreuzter Riemen (97), der zwischen der drehbaren Antriebswelle und der Antriebsrolle verläuft, wobei die drehbare Antriebswelle (77) beim Abwickeln oder Aufrollen des Rollos (22) in dieselbe Richtung wie die drehbare Lagerwelle (42) gedreht wird, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich die drehbare Antriebswelle (77) und die drehbare Lagerwelle (42) in eine Richtung entgegengesetzt zur Drehrichtung der Antriebsrolle (70) drehen, so dass eine im Wesentlichen konstante Spannung am Rollo (22) beibehalten wird, wenn dieses von seiner Lagerungsrolle (42) abgewickelt wird, um eine Öffnung in einem Aufbau zu verschließen, und wenn dieses beim Zurückführen in den vollkommen aufgerollten Zustand wieder aufgewickelt wird. Lager- und Antriebsmechanismus in Verbindung mit einem Rollo (22), umfassend eine Lagerungsrolle (42) und eine Antriebswelle (44), wobei die Antriebswelle (44) einen ersten und einen zweiten Endabschnitt (45, 46) umfasst, eine Feder (52) mit einem ersten Ende, welches am ersten Ende (45) der Antriebswelle (44) befestigt ist, und einem zweiten Ende (46), das an der Rolle (42) befestigt ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Antriebswelle (44) an einem ersten Zahnrad (50) befestigt ist, eine Antriebsrolle (70) an einem Antriebsrad (66) befestigt ist und das Rollo (22) antreibt, und dass das Antriebsrad (66) das erste Zahnrad (50) antreibt und der Antriebswelle (44) und der Feder (52) eine Torsion verleiht, wobei sich die Antriebsrolle (70) in eine Richtung entgegengesetzt zur Antriebswelle (44) und der Lagerrolle (42) dreht, so dass beim Abwickeln des Rollos (22) von der Lagerrolle (42) zum Verschließen einer Öffnung (25) in einem Aufbau und beim Aufwickeln des Rollos (22) zur Rückführung in den vollkommen aufgerollten Zustand eine im Wesentlichen konstante Spannung am Rollo (22) beibehalten wird. Lager- und Antriebsmechanismus nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Lagerrolle (42) bezüglich der Antriebswelle (44) drehbar ist und wobei das Rollo (22) ein flexibles Rollo (22) ist, das zwischen der Lagerungsrolle (42) und der Antriebsrolle (70) mit diesen verbunden verläuft, wobei die Antriebsrolle (70) einen Zahn (72) aufweist und das Rollo (22) Öffnungen (74) für den Eingriff der Zähne (72) darin aufweist, wobei die Lagerungsrolle (42) bezüglich der Antriebswelle (44) gedreht wird und dabei die Lagerungsrolle (42) relativ zur Welle (44) vorspannt und Spannung im Rollo (22) zwischen der Lagerungsrolle (42) und der Antriebsrolle (44) erzeugt. Lager- und Antriebsmechanismus in Kombination mit einer Abdeckung (22), umfassend eine drehbare Lagerungsrolle (42) zum Lagern der Abdeckung (22), eine drehbare Welle (44), eine Feder (52), die zwischen der drehbaren Welle (44) und der drehbaren Lagerungsrolle (42) eingefügt ist, eine drehbare Antriebsrolle (70), an der Antriebszähne (72) vorgesehen sind, wobei in der Abdeckung (22) Öffnungen (74) vorgesehen sind und die Abdeckung (22) auf der drehbaren Lagerungsrolle (42) aufgewickelt bleibt, bis sie von dieser ausgefahren wird, indem die Abdeckung (22) abgewickelt wird und die Öffnungen (74) der Abdeckung (22) mit den Zähnen (72) der Antriebsrolle (70) in Eingriff gebracht werden, wodurch die Antriebsrolle (70) bezüglich der drehbaren Welle (44) vorgespannt wird, wobei die drehbare Welle (44) und die drehbare Lagerungsrolle (42) von der Antriebsrolle (70) angetrieben werden, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die drehbare Welle (44) und die drehbare Lagerungsrolle (42) in entgegengesetzter Drehrichtung zur Antriebsrolle (70) angetrieben werden, wodurch die Vorspannung zwischen der Antriebsrolle (70) und der drehbaren Welle (44) beibehalten wird, so dass eine im Wesentlichen konstante Spannung am Rollo (22) beibehalten wird, wenn dieses von seiner Lagerrolle (42) abgewickelt wird, um eine Öffnung (74) in einem Aufbau zu verschließen, und wenn dieses aufgewickelt wird, um es wieder in den vollkommen aufgerollten Zustand zu bringen. Antriebs- und Lagermechanismus in Kombination mit einem flexiblen Rollomaterial (22), das eine Öffnung (74) in einem Aufbau abdeckt, umfassend ein zylindrisches Rohrelement (40) mit einer äußeren zylindrischen Oberfläche zur Aufnahme einer Länge von Rollomaterial (22) in aufgerollter Konfiguration, wobei das Rollomaterial (22) seitlich Öffnungen aufweist, eine erste Welle (44) mit einem ersten und einem zweiten Endabschnitt (45, 46), wobei der erste Endabschnitt (45) koaxial in das Rohrelement (40) hinein verläuft, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der zweite Endabschnitt (46) der ersten Welle (44) außerhalb des Rohrelements (40) verläuft, ein erstes Zahnrad (50), das mit dem zweiten Endabschnitt (46) der ersten Welle (44) zur Drehung in Verbindung mit dieser verbunden ist, eine Torsionsfeder (52), die den ersten Endabschnitt (45) der ersten Welle (44) umgibt und an einem Endabschnitt mit der ersten Welle (44) und an einem anderen Endabschnitt mit dem Rohrelement (40) verbunden ist, ein erstes Zwischenrad (58), das zur Drehung um eine erste Leerlaufwelle (59) gelagert ist und im Eingriff mit dem ersten Zahnrad (50) steht, ein zweites Zwischenrad (62), das zur Drehung um eine zweite Leerlaufwelle (63) gelagert ist und mit dem ersten Zwischenrad (59) in Eingriff steht, ein Rolloantriebsrad (66), wobei das Rolloantriebsrad (66) zur Drehung um eine zweite Welle (67) herum gelagert ist und in Eingriff mit dem zweiten Zwischenrad (67) steht; ein Rolloangriffselement (70), das an der zweiten Welle (67) zur Drehung mit dieser und mit dem Rolloantriebsrad (66) gelagert ist; wobei sich das Rolloangriffselement (70) in eine Richtung entgegengesetzt zur Drehung der ersten Welle (44) und des zylindrischen Rohrelements (40) dreht, wobei das Rolloangriffselement (70) Stifte (72) zum Eingriff in seitlich im Rollomaterial (22) vorgesehenen Öffnungen (74) aufweist, einen Antriebsmotor (76) mit einer Antriebswelle (77), welche wiederum mit einem Antriebsmotor (76) verbunden ist, der mit dem Rolloantriebsrad (78) in Eingriff geht, wobei eine Drehung des Antriebsmotors (76) in die eine Richtung ein Abwickeln des Rollomaterials (22) von dem Rohrelement (40) bewirkt, um eine Öffnung (25) abzudecken, und in entgegengesetzte Richtung ein Aufwickeln des Rollomaterials (22) auf das Rohrelement (40) bewirkt, um die Öffnung (25) wieder aufzumachen, so dass eine im Wesentlichen konstante Spannung am Rollomaterial (22) beibehalten wird, während es von seiner Lagerungsrolle (42) abgewickelt wird, um eine Öffnung (25) in einem Aufbau zu verschließen, und während es aufgewickelt wird, um es wieder in den vollständig aufgerollten Zustand zu bringen. Antriebs- und Lagermechanismus in Kombination mit einem flexiblen Rollomaterial (22), das eine Öffnung (25) in einem Aufbau abdeckt, umfassend ein zylindrisches Teil (40) mit einer zylindrischen Oberfläche zur Aufnahme einer Länge eines Rollomaterials (22) und das für eine Drehbewegung ausgelegt ist, eine Antriebswelle (44), ein Federelement (52) mit einem ersten und einem zweiten Endabschnitt, wobei der erste Endabschnitt des Federelements (52) mit der Antriebswelle (44) verbunden ist, und der zweite Endabschnitt des Federelements (52) mit dem zylindrischen Teil (40) verbunden ist, wobei das Federelement (52) eine relative Drehbewegung zwischen dem zylindrischen Teil (40) und der Antriebswelle (44) ermöglicht, ein Antriebselement (70), das zur Drehbewegung ausgelegt ist und mit einer Vielzahl von Rolloangriffselementen (72) an sich versehen ist, wobei über die Länge des Rollomaterials (22) hinweg Antriebsoberflächen (74) vorgesehen sind, die mit den Rolloangriffselementen (72) in Eingriff gebracht werden können, um das Rollomaterial (23) bei Drehung des Antriebselements (70) in eine bezüglich der Öffnung (25) offene bzw. geschlossene Stellung und umgekehrt zu bewegen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich das Antriebselement (70) in entgegengesetzter Drehrichtung zur Antriebswelle (44) und zum zylindrischen Element (40) dreht, so dass eine im Wesentlichen konstante Spannung am Rollomaterial (22) gehalten wird, während dieses von seiner Lagerrolle (42) abgewickelt wird, um eine Öffnung (25) in einem Aufbau zu verschließen, und während es aufgewickelt wird, um es wieder in seinen vollständig aufgerollten Zustand zu bringen. Verfahren zum Betrieb eines Mechanismus zum Lagern und Antreiben einer Abdeckung (22), wobei der Mechanismus folgendes aufweist: eine drehbare Lagerungsrolle (42), eine drehbare Antriebsrolle (70), eine erste Welle (59), eine Feder (52), die zwischen der Lagerungsrolle (42) und der Welle (59) eingesetzt ist, wobei die Antriebsrolle (70) die Welle (59) antreibt, umfassend die Schritte des Abwickelns der Abdeckung (22) von der Lagerungsrolle (42), des Vorspannens der Lagerungsrolle (42) bezüglich der Welle (59), des in Eingriffbringens der Abdeckung mit der Antriebsrolle (70), das Drehens der Antriebsrolle (70) zum Ab- oder Aufwickeln der Abdeckung (22), gekennzeichnet durch folgende weitere Schritte: Drehen der Welle (59) in entgegengesetzter Richtung zur Antriebsrolle (70), so dass beim Abwickeln des Rollos (22) von der Lagerungsrolle (42) zum Verschließen einer Öffnung (25) in einem Aufbau und beim Aufwickeln des Rollos (22) zum Zurückführen dieses in den vollkommen aufgerollten Zustand eine im Wesentlichen konstante Spannung am Rollo (22) beibehalten wird. Verfahren zum Betrieb eines Mechanismus zum Lagern und Antreiben eines flexiblen Rollos (22), wobei der Mechanismus folgendes aufweist: eine drehbare Lagerungsrolle (42), eine erste drehbare Welle (44), eine Feder (52), die zwischen der Lagerungsrolle (42) und der ersten drehbaren Welle eingefügt ist, eine drehbare Antriebsrolle (70), wobei die Antriebsrolle (70) die Welle (44) und die Lagerungsrolle (42) antreibt, folgende Schritte umfassend: Abwickeln des flexiblen Rollos (22) von der Lagerungsrolle (42) in einer ersten Drehrichtung, so dass das flexible Rollo (22) von der hinteren Seite der Lagerungsrolle (42) abgewickelt wird; Vorspannen der Lagerungsrolle (42) bezüglich der Welle (44); in Eingriff bringen des flexiblen Rollos (22) mit der Antriebsrolle (70); Antreiben der drehbaren Welle (44) mit der Antriebsrolle (70); gekennzeichnet durch folgende weitere Schritte: Drehen der Antriebswelle (70) in entgegengesetzter Richtung zur ersten Drehrichtung der Lagerrolle (42), die das flexible Rollo (22) von der drehbaren Lagerungsrolle (42) abwickelt; und, Drehen der Antriebsrolle (70) in die erste Drehrichtung und Drehen der Lagerungsrolle (42) in die entgegengesetzte Drehrichtung, wobei das flexible Rollo (22) auf die drehbare Lagerungsrolle (42) aufgewickelt wird, so dass eine im Wesentlichen konstante Spannung am Rollo (22) beibehalten wird, während dieses von seiner Lagerungsrolle (42) abgewickelt wird, um eine Öffnung (25) in einem Aufbau zu verschließen, und aufgewickelt wird, um es wieder in den vollkommen aufgerollten Zustand zu versetzen. Verfahren zum Lagern und Antreiben eines flexiblen Rollos nach Anspruch 10, gekennzeichnet durch folgenden Schritt: in Eingriff bringen von Öffnungen (74) im Rollo (22) mit Zähnen (72) an der Antriebsrolle (70).
Anspruch[en]
A storage and driving mechanism in combination with a covering (22) comprising a rotatable storage roller (42) for storing and dispensing said covering (22), a rotatable drive shaft (77), a spring (52) operating between said rotatable storage roller (42) and said rotatable drive shaft (77), a drive mechanism (76), said drive mechanism (76) driving said rotatable drive shaft (77), said rotatable drive shaft (77) being rotated in the same direction as said rotatable storage roller (42) as said covering (22) is dispensed or stored, a drive roller (70) which drives said rotatable drive shaft (77), said rotatable storage roller (42) and said covering (22), characterized in that said drive roller (70) rotating in a direction opposite of said rotatable drive shaft (77) and said rotatable storage roller (44), such that a substantially constant tension is maintained on the covering (22) as it is unwrapped from its storage roller (42) to close an opening (25) in a structure and as it is wrapped in returning it to the fully stored condition. A storage and driving mechanism as claimed in claim 1 characterized in that said drive roller (70) includes a drive gear (78) and wherein said rotatable drive shaft (77) includes a shaft gear (50), and further comprising intermediate gears (58, 62, 66) interconnected to said shaft gear (50) and said drive gear (78). A storage and driving mechanism in combination with a flexible curtain (22) comprising a rotatable storage roller (42) for storing and dispensing said flexible curtain (22), a rotatable drive shaft (77), a drive roller (70), a spring (52) operating between said rotatable storage roller (42) and said rotatable drive shaft (77), an inverted belt (97) operating between said rotatable drive shaft and said drive roller, said rotatable drive shaft (77) being rotated in the same direction as said rotatable storage roller (42) as said curtain (22) is dispensed or stored, characterized in that said rotatable drive shaft (77) and said rotatable storage roller (42) rotating in a direction opposite to the direction of rotation of said drive roller (70), such that a substantially constant tension is maintained on the curtain (22) as it is unwrapped from its storage roller (42) to close an opening in a structure and as it is wrapped in returning it to the fully stored condition. A storage and driving mechanism in combination with a curtain (22) comprising a storage roller (42) and a drive shaft (44), said drive shaft (44) having first and second end portions (45, 46), a spring (52) having a first end affixed to said first end (45) of said drive shaft (44) and having a second end (46) affixed to said roller (42), characterized in that said drive shaft (44) affixed to a first gear (50), a drive roller (70) affixed to a drive gear (66) and driving said curtain (22), and, said drive gear (66) driving said first gear (50) and imparting torsion to said drive shaft (44) and said spring (52), said drive roller (70) rotating in a direction opposite of said drive shaft (44) and said storage roller (42) such that a substantially constant tension is maintained on the curtain (22) as it is unwrapped from its storage roller (42) to close an opening (25) in a structure and as it is wrapped in returning it to the fully stored condition. A storage and driving mechanism as claimed in claim 4 characterized in that said storage roller (42) is rotatable relative to said drive shaft (44) and wherein said curtain (22) is a flexible curtain (22) interconnected between said storage roller (42) and said drive roller (70), said drive roller (70) includes a cog (72) and said curtain (22) includes apertures (74) for inter-engaging said cogs (72), said storage roller (42) being rotated relative to said drive shaft (44) pre-tensioning said storage roller (42) relative to said shaft (44) and creating tension in said curtain (22) between said storage roller (42) and said drive roller (44). A storage and driving mechanism in combination with a covering (22) comprising a rotatable storage roller (42) for storing said covering (22), a rotatable shaft (44), a spring (52) interconnected between said rotatable shaft (44) and said rotatable storage roller (42), a rotatable drive roller (70) which includes driving cogs (72) thereon, said covering (22) having apertures (74) therein and residing wound on said rotatable storage roller (42) until being extended therefrom by unwinding said covering (22) and interengaging said apertures (74) of said covering (22) with said cogs (72) of said drive roller (70) pre-tensioning said drive roller (70) with respect to said rotatable shaft (44), said rotatable shaft (44) and said rotatable storage roller (42) being driven by said drive roller (70), characterized, in that said rotatable shaft (44) and said rotatable storage roller (42) being driven in the opposite rotational direction of said drive roller (70) maintaining said pre-tension between said drive roller (70) and said rotatable shaft (44), such that a substantially constant tension is maintained on the curtain (22) as it is unwrapped from its storage roller (42) to close an opening (74) in a structure and as it is wrapped in returning it to the fully stored condition. A driving and storing mechanism in combination with flexible curtain material (22) that covers an opening (74) in a structure comprising a cylindrical tube member (40) having an outer cylindrical surface for the reception of a length of curtain material (22) in a rolled up configura-tion, said curtain material (22) includes openings in the sides thereof, a first shaft (44) having first and second end portions (45, 46) with said end portion (45) extending coaxially into said tube member (40), characterized in that said second end portion (46) of said first shaft (44) extending exteriorly of said tube member (40), a first gear (50) connected to said second end portion (46) of said first shaft (44) for rotation in unison therewith, a torsion spring (52) surrounding said first end portion (45) of said first shaft (44) and connected at one end portion to said first shaft (44) and at another end portion to said tube member (40), a first idler gear (58) mounted for rotation about a first idler shaft (59) and in meshing engagement with said first gear (50), a second idler gear (62) mounted for rotation about a second idler shaft (63) and in meshing engagement with said first idler gear (59), a curtain drive gear (66), said curtain drive gear (66) mounted for rotation about a second shaft (67) and in meshing engagement:with said second idler gear (67); a curtain engagement member (70) mounted or said second shaft (67) for rotation therewith and with said curtain drive gear (66), said curtain engagement member (70) rotating in the opposite direction of rotation of said first shaft (44) and said cylindrical tube member (40), said curtain engagement member (70) having pins (72) for engagement with said openings (74) in said sides of said curtain material (22), a drive motor (76) having a drive shaft (77) which in turn is connected to a drive motor (76) which meshes with said curtain drive gear (78), rotation of said drive motor (76) in one direction causes said curtain material (22) to be unrolled from said tube member (40) to cover an opening (25) and in the opposite direction causes said curtain material (22) to be rolled up onto said tube member (40) to uncover said opening (25), such that a substantially constant tension is maintained on the curtain material (22) as it is unwrapped from its storage roller (42) to close an opening (25) in a structure and as it is wrapped in returning it to the fully stored condition. A driving and storing mechanism in combination with flexible curtain material (22) that covers an (25) opening in a structure compromising a cylindrical member (40) having a cylindrical surface for the reception of a length of curtain material (22) and adapted for rotational movement, a drive shaft (44), a spring member (52) having first and second end portions, said first end portion of said spring member (52) connected to said drive shaft (44) and said second end portion of said spring member (52) connected to said cylindrical member (40), said spring member (52) permitting relative rotational movement between said cylindrical member (40) and said drive shaft (44), a drive member (70) adapted for rotational movement and having a plurality of curtain engaging members (72) thereon, said length of said curtain material (22) having drive surfaces (74) engageable with said curtain engaging members (72) to move said curtain material (23) between open and closed position relative to said opening (25) upon rotation of said drive member (70),

characterized in that said drive member (70) rotating in the opposite direction of rotation of said drive shaft (44) and said cylindrical member (40), such that a substantially constant tension is maintained on the curtain material (22) as it is unwrapped from its storage roller (42) to close an opening (25) in a structure and as it is wrapped in returning it to the fully stored condition.
A method of operating a mechanism for storing and driving a covering (22), the mechanism having a rotatable storage roller (42), a rotatable drive roller (70), a first shaft (59), a spring (52) interconnected between said storage roller (42) and said shaft (59), said drive roller (70) driving said shaft (59), comprising the steps of unwinding said covering (22) from said storage roller (42), pre-tensioning said storage roller (42) with respect to said shaft (59), placing said covering into engagement with said driver roller (70), rotating said drive roller (70) dispensing or rewinding said covering (22), characterized by the following further steps: rotating said shaft (59) in a direction opposite to said drive roller (70), such that a substantially constant tension is maintained on the curtain (22) as it is unwrapped from its storage roller (42) to close an opening (25) in a structure and as it is wrapped in returning at to the fully stored condition. A method of operating a mechanism for storing and driving a flexible curtain (22), the mechanism having a rotatable storage roller (42), a first rotatable shaft (44), a spring (52) interconnected between said storage roller (42) and said first rotatable shaft (44), a rotatable drive roller (70, said drive roller (70) driving said shaft (44) and said storage roller (42), ccmprising the steps of: unwinding said flexible curtain (22) from said storage roller (42) in a first rotational direction such that said flexible curtain (22) is dispensed from the rearward side of said storage roller (42); pre-tensioning said storage roller (42) with the respect to said shaft (44); placing said flexible curtain (22) into engagement with said drive roller (70); driving said rotatable shaft (44) with said drive roller (70); characterized by the following further steps: rotating said drive roller (70) in a direction opposite to said first directional rotation of said storage roller (42) dispensing said flexible curtain (22) from said rotatable storage roller (42); and, rotating said drive roller (70) in said first rotational direction and rotating said storage roller (42) in the opposite rotational direction rewinding said flexible curtain (22) on said rotatable storage roller (42), such that a substantially constant tension is maintained on the curtain (22) as it is unwrapped from its storage roller (42) to close an opening (25) in a structure and as it is wrapped in returning it to the fully stored condition. A method of storing and driving a flexible curtain as claimed in claim 10 characterized by further comprising the steps of : inter-engaging apertures (74) in said curtain (22) with cogs (72) on said drive roller (70).
Anspruch[fr]
Mécanisme de rentrée et d'entraînement en combinaison avec un recouvrement (22), comprenant un rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) destiné à rentrer et à extraire ledit recouvrement (22), un arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77), un ressort (52) qui opère entre ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) et ledit arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77), un mécanisme d'entraînement (76), ledit mécanisme d'entraînement (76) entraînant ledit arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77), ledit arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77) étant entraîné en rotation dans le même sens que ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) lorsque ledit recouvrement (22) est extrait ou rentré, un rouleau d'entraînement (70) qui entraîne ledit arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77), ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) et ledit recouvrement (22), caractérisé en ce que ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) tourne dans le sens inverse dudit arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77) et dudit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (44), de sorte qu'une tension sensiblement constante est maintenue sur le recouvrement (22) pendant qu'il se déroule de son rouleau de rentrée (42) pour fermer une ouverture (25) d'une structure et pendant qu'il s'enroule lorsqu'on le ramène à son état entièrement rentré. Mécanisme de rentrée et d'entraînement selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) comprend un engrenage d'entraînement (78) et dans lequel ledit arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77) comprend un engrenage d'arbre (50), et le mécanisme comprenant en outre des engrenages intermédiaires (58, 62, 66) reliés audit engrenage d'arbre (50) et audit engrenage d'entraînement (78). Mécanisme de rentrée et d'entraînement en combinaison avec un rideau souple (22), comprenant un rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) destiné à rentrer et à extraire ledit rideau souple (22), un arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77), un rouleau d'entraînement (70), un ressort (52) qui opère entre ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) et ledit arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77), une courroie de renversement (97) opérant entre ledit arbre d'entraînement rotatif et ledit rouleau d'entraînement, ledit arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77) étant mis en rotation dans le même sens que ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) lorsque ledit rideau (22) est extrait ou rentré, caractérisé en ce que ledit arbre d'entraînement rotatif (77) et ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) tournent dans le sens inverse du sens de rotation dudit rouleau d'entraînement (70), de sorte qu'une tension sensiblement constante est maintenue sur le rideau (22) lorsqu'il se déroule de son rouleau de rentrée (42) pour fermer une ouverture d'une structure et lorsqu'il s'enroule alors qu'on le ramène à sa position entièrement rentrée. Mécanisme de rentrée et d'entraînement en combinaison avec un rideau (22), comprenant un rouleau de rentrée (42) et un arbre d'entraînement (44), ledit arbre d'entraînement (44) comprenant des première et seconde portions d'extrémité (45, 46), un ressort (52) ayant une première extrémité fixée à ladite première extrémité (45) dudit arbre d'entraînement (44) et ayant une seconde extrémité (46) fixée audit rouleau (42),

caractérisé en ce que ledit arbre d'entraînement (44) est fixé à un premier engrenage (50), un rouleau d'entraînement (70) est fixé à un engrenage d'entraînement (66) et entraîne ledit rideau (22), et ledit engrenage d'entraînement (66) entraîne ledit premier engrenage (50) et imprime une torsion audit arbre d'entraînement (44), et audit ressort (52), ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) tournant dans le sens inverse de celui dudit arbre d'entraînement (44) et dudit rouleau de rentrée (42), de sorte qu'une tension sensiblement constante est maintenue sur le rideau (22) lorsqu'il se déroule de son rouleau de rentrée (42) pour fermer une ouverture (25) d'une structure et lorsqu'il s'enroule alors qu'on le ramène à son état entièrement rentré.
Mécanisme de rentrée et d'entraînement selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que ledit rouleau de rentrée (42) peut tourner par rapport audit arbre d'entraînement (44), et dans lequel ledit rideau (22) est un rideau souple (22) interposé entre ledit rouleau de rentrée (42) et ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70), ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) comprend une roue dentée (72) et ledit rideau (22) présente des ouvertures (74) destinées à entrer en prise avec ladite roue dentée (72), ledit rouleau de rentrée (42) étant mis en rotation par rapport audit arbre d'entraînement (44), en imprimant une précontrainte de tension audit rouleau de rentrée (42) par rapport audit arbre (44) et créant une tension dans ledit rideau (22) entre ledit rouleau de rentrée (42) et ledit rouleau d'entraînement (44). Mécanisme de rentrée et d'entraînement en combinaison avec un recouvrement (22), comprenant un rouleau de rentrée (42) destiné à rentrer ledit recouvrement (22), un arbre rotatif (44), un ressort (52) interposé entre ledit arbre rotatif (44) et ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42), et un rouleau d'entraînement rotatif (70) qui porte une roue dentée d'entraînement (72), ledit recouvrement (22) ayant des ouvertures (74) et étant enroulé sur ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) jusqu'à ce qu'il soit mis en extension à partir de ce rouleau par le déroulement dudit recouvrement (22) et mettant lesdites ouvertures (74) dudit recouvrement (22) en prise avec lesdites roues dentées (72) dudit rouleau d'entraînement (70), en imprimant une précontrainte de tension audit rouleau d'entraînement (70) par rapport audit arbre rotatif (44), ledit arbre rotatif (44) et ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) étant entraînés par ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70), caractérisé en ce que ledit arbre rotatif (44) et ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) étant entraînés dans le sens de rotation inverse de celui dudit rouleau d'entraînement (70) en maintenant ladite précontrainte de tension entre ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) et ledit arbre rotatif (44), de sorte qu'une tension sensiblement constante est maintenue sur le rideau (22) lorsqu'il se déroule du rouleau de rentrée (42) pour fermer une ouverture (74) d'une structure et lorsqu'il s'enroule alors qu'on le ramène à son état entièrement rentré. Mécanisme d'entraînement et de rentrée en combinaison avec une matière de rideau souple (22) qui couvre une ouverture (74) d'une structure, comprenant un élément tubulaire cylindrique (40) ayant une surface cylindrique extérieure destinée à recevoir une longueur de la matière de rideau (22) dans une configuration enroulée, ladite matière de rideau (22) comprend des ouvertures dans ses côtés, un premier arbre (44) ayant des première et seconde portions d'extrémité (45, 46), ladite première portion d'extrémité (45) s'engageant coaxialement dans ledit élément tubulaire (40), caractérisé en ce que ladite deuxième portion d'extrémité (46) dudit premier arbre (44) s'étend à l'extérieur dudit élément tubulaire (40), un premier engrenage (50) relié à ladite deuxième portion d'extrémité (46) dudit premier arbre (44) pour tourner à l'unisson avec cette extrémité, un ressort de torsion (52) entourant ladite première portion d'extrémité (45) dudit premier arbre (44) et relié audit premier arbre (44) au niveau d'une portion d'extrémité et audit élément tubulaire (40) au niveau d'une autre portion d'extrémité, un premier engrenage fou (58) monté pour tourner autour d'un premier arbre fou (59) et engrenant avec ledit premier engrenage (50), un second engrenage fou (62) monté pour tourner autour d'un second arbre fou (63) et engrenant avec ledit premier engrenage fou (59), un engrenage d'entraînement de rideau (66), ledit engrenage d'entraînement de rideau (66) étant monté pour tourner autour d'un second arbre (67) et en engrenant avec ledit second engrenage fou (67) ; un élément d'attaque du rideau (70) monté sur ledit second arbre (67) pour tourner avec celui-ci et avec ledit engrenage d'entraînement de rideau (66), ledit élément d'attaque du rideau (70) tournant dans le sens de rotation inverse de celui dudit premier arbre (44) et dudit élément tubulaire cylindrique (40), ledit élément d'attaque du rideau (70) ayant des chevilles (72) destinés à entrer en prise avec lesdites ouvertures (74) desdits côtés de ladite matière de rideau (22), un moteur d'entraînement (76) ayant un arbre d'entraînement (77) qui, à son tour, est relié à un moteur d'entraînement (76) qui engrène avec ledit engrenage d'entraînement de rideau (78), la rotation dudit moteur d'entraînement (76) dans un sens amène ladite matière de rideau (22) à être déroulée dudit élément tubulaire (40) pour couvrir une ouverture (25) et dans le sens inverse, amène ladite matière de rideau (22) à être enroulée sur ledit élément tubulaire (40) pour découvrir ladite ouverture (25), de sorte qu'une tension sensiblement constante est maintenue sur la matière de rideau (22) lorsqu'elle se déroule de son rouleau de rentrée (42) pour fermer une ouverture (25) d'une structure et lorsqu'elle s'enroule lorsqu'on la ramène à sa position entièrement rentrée. Mécanisme d'entraînement et de rentrée en combinaison avec une matière de rideau souple (22) qui couvre une ouverture (25) d'une structure, comprenant un élément cylindrique (40) ayant une surface cylindrique pour recevoir une longueur d'une matière de rideau (22) et adaptée pour décrire un mouvement de rotation, un arbre d'entraînement (44), un élément élastique (52) ayant des première et seconde portions d'extrémité, ladite première portion d'extrémité dudit élément élastique (52) étant reliée audit arbre d'entraînement (44) et ladite seconde portion d'extrémité dudit élément élastique (52) étant reliée audit élément cylindrique (40), ledit élément élastique (52) permettant un mouvement de rotation relative entre ledit élément cylindrique (40) et ledit arbre d'entraînement (44), un élément d'entraînement (70) adapté pour décrire un mouvement de rotation et portant sur lui une pluralité d'éléments (72) d'attaque du rideau, ladite longueur de matière de rideau (22) ayant des surfaces d'entraînement (74) pouvant être mises en prise avec lesdits éléments (72) de prise du rideau pour déplacer ladite matière de rideau (23) entre une position ouverte et une position fermée par rapport à ladite ouverture (25) en réponse à la rotation dudit élément d'entraînement (70), caractérisé en ce que ledit élément d'entraînement (70) tourne dans le sens inverse de la rotation dudit arbre d'entraînement (44), et dudit élément cylindrique (40), de sorte qu'une tension sensiblement constante est maintenue sur la matière de rideau (22) lorsqu'elle se déroule dudit rouleau de rentrée (42) pour fermer une ouverture (25) d'une structure et lorsqu'elle s'enroule lorsqu'on la ramène à l'état entièrement fermé. Procédé de manoeuvre d'un mécanisme destiné à rentrer et à entraîner un recouvrement (22), le mécanisme possédant un rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42), un rouleau d'entraînement rotatif (70), un premier arbre (59), un ressort (52) interposé entre ledit rouleau de rentrée (42) et ledit arbre (59), ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) entraînant ledit arbre (59), comprenant les étapes consistant à dérouler ledit recouvrement (22) dudit rouleau de rentrée (42), soumettre ledit rouleau de rentrée (42) à une précontrainte de tension par rapport audit arbre (59) ; mettre ledit recouvrement (22) en prise avec ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) ; faire tourner ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) en extrayant ou en ré-enroulant ledit recouvrement (22), caractérisé par les autres étapes suivantes : faire tourner ledit arbre (59) dans un sens inverse de celui du rouleau d'entraînement (70) de telle manière qu'une tension sensiblement constante soit maintenue sur le rideau (22) lorsqu'il se déroule dudit rouleau de rentrée (42) pour fermer une ouverture (25) d'une structure, et lorsqu'il s'enroule alors qu'on le ramène à son état entièrement rentré. Procédé de manoeuvre d'un mécanisme destiné à rentrer et à entraîner un rideau souple (22), le mécanisme possédant un rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42), un premier arbre rotatif (44), un ressort (52) interposé entre ledit rouleau de rentrée (42) et ledit premier arbre rotatif (44), un rouleau d'entraînement rotatif (70), ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) entraînant ledit arbre (44) et ledit rouleau de rentrée (42), comprenant les étapes consistant à : dérouler ledit rideau souple (22) dudit rouleau de rentrée (42) dans un premier sens de rotation de telle manière que ledit rideau souple (22) soit extrait du côté arrière dudit rouleau de rentrée (42) ; soumettre le dit rouleau de rentrée (42) à une précontrainte de tension par rapport audit arbre (44) ; mettre ledit rideau souple (22) en prise avec ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) ; entraîner ledit arbre rotatif (44) avec ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) ; caractérisé par les autres étapes suivantes : faire tourner ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) dans un sens inverse de la première rotation directionnelle dudit rouleau de rentrée (42), en tirant ledit rideau souple (22) dudit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) ; et faire tourner ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70) dans ledit premier sens de rotation et faire tourner ledit rouleau de rentrée (42) dans le sens de rotation inverse, en ré-enroulant ledit rideau souple (22) sur ledit rouleau de rentrée rotatif (42) de telle manière qu'une tension sensiblement constante soit maintenue sur le rideau (22) lorsqu'il se déroule dudit rouleau de rentrée (42) pour fermer une ouverture (25) d'une structure, et lorsqu'il s'enroule alors qu'on le ramène à son état entièrement rentré. Procédé pour rentrer et entraîner un rideau souple selon la revendication 10, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre les étapes consistant à : mettre des ouvertures (74) dudit rideau (22) en prise avec les roues dentées (72) prévues sur ledit rouleau d'entraînement (70).






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