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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1849356 13.12.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001849356
Titel Zusammenklappbare Fischreuse
Anmelder Ventura Ribeiro de Matos, Antonio, Espinho, PT
Erfinder Ventura Ribeiro de Matos, Antonio, 4416-801 Espinho, PT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 31.01.2007
EP-Aktenzeichen 073980047
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 31.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 13.12.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse A01K 69/10(2006.01)A, F, I, 20071002, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
Scope of the invention

The present invention concerns fishing devices, more particularly fish-traps mainly intended to catch crustaceans.

Prior art

Old traps, named "covos" (wicker fish pots of the bow-net type), basically presented the configuration of a pyramid and were made of interlaced osier. More recent traps employ a rigid or semi-rigid net and display other configurations. All these traps have a big disadvantage, which consists in the space they take during transport in the boats or while in storage.

This disadvantage was generically resolved with foldable traps, as in the case of patent US 3786593 . This patent refers to a trap having a frame with a box-like configuration, this frame being surrounded by a net. The said frame has a centre post and normally radially extending arms which are hinged to swing parallel to one another thereby folding the trap. A latching device is provided to hold the frame open or unfolded and resilient members apply tension to end walls of the trap which serve to keep the end walls taut and properly shaped to provide lead-ins to entrance openings formed therein.

However, the trap which is the objective of patent US 3786593 , although solving one of the problems of fish-traps, introduces some complexity in the construction thereof, which results in higher production costs.

These are the inconveniences that the trap which is the objective of this invention is intended to resolve. In fact, the trap designed is very easily built and applied and the production thereof has a very low cost.

Summary of the invention

The fundamental objective of the present invention is to design a foldable trap, thus allowing storage in a small space while on the boats or in the warehouse, but being simultaneously very easily built, because it makes use of very simple concepts. Basically, the trap of the present invention presents the characteristics set forth in claim 1.

Brief description of the drawings

For ease of understanding of the following description, drawings are attached hereto, wherein:

  • Figure 1 depicts a perspective view of the objective of the invention in a built-up position;
  • Figure 2 also depicts a perspective view of the objective of the invention, but in a closed position;
  • Figure 3 further depicts a partial perspective view, part of the side nets having been removed.

Detailed description of a preferred embodiment

As it may be observed in the figures, the trap generically depicted under reference 1 basically consists of an upper body 2 and a lower body 3, which are connected by cables 4 in order to form a rectangular parallelepiped. The fish entrance openings 5 are configured between the said bodies 2 and 3, one at each top chosen for the entrance and capture, e.g. the smallest faces of the parallelepiped. The entrance openings 5 are formed by the full openings of the selected faces, e.g. the top faces of with the smallest dimensions, and are circumscribed by frames 6 and 7 and the respective nets connected thereto, which are arranged in accordance with planes inclined in the outside-inside direction, and by the internal openings formed by the space between the inner tops of the said frames 6 and 7.

The said frames 6 and 7 of the entrance openings 5 are, on one of the sides 8, fixed in an articulated manner to one of the base tops of the upper body 2 and to the upper part of the lower body 3 and, on opposite sides 9, suspended by cables 10 and 11 fixed to a bar 12 provided for in the upper body 2.

The said cables 10 and 11 which suspend frames 6 and 7 from the entrance openings 5 may be regulated in height to tighten or loosen the internal opening of the entrance openings.

The nets of openings 5 may be trimmed with a plain or fringed mesh, the mesh size being defined in accordance with to the species to be fished and the law in force.

The upper body 2 is provided with buoys 13 near the corners of the faces having the smallest dimensions, which are responsible for the floating thereof. The said buoys 13, due to the buoyancy they provide, together with the weight of the remaining elements, ensure the unfolding of the trap into a built-up configuration as soon as it is placed in the water.

A safety opening 14 is mounted between the said buoys 13 of the tops of the said upper body, which is released whenever the trap is lost or abandoned, so that the fish may get out.

The safety opening 14 opens after a predetermined period of time. The opening is performed through decay of the fixing means thereof to the outer wall of opening 14, so that the captured fish may get out. Preferably, the fixing means, such as thin aluminium or iron wire or textile thread, will only have a given wear-out life while in the water, e.g. a given number of days, which ensures that the trap will open after that predetermined period of time, whenever it is considered as lost or abandoned.

The lower portion of the lower body 3 consists of a bottom 16 that is articulated on one side of the said metallic body and fixed in removable manner on the opposite side. In this way, it can be opened, so that the fish will be collected.

To make it possible to fish at different depths, the lower body 3 is provided with ballast 15 in its tops. These are containers placed like the buoys 13 and filled with ballast, the weight of which shall be in accordance with the desired depth.

The fish-trap is further equipped with an exit area 17 for fish of small dimension, thus complying with the laws on this matter, such area being provided with an opening that may be adjusted.


Anspruch[en]
1. Box-like fish-trap (1) comprising a frame involved by a net and which is foldable, characterised in that is consists of: - A metallic upper body (2) which floats; - A metallic lower body (3); - Flexible cables (4) to fix the upper body (2) to the lower body (3) ; - Flexible side nets which connect the lower body (3) to the upper body (2); - Frames (6 and 7) which hold a nets of two fish entrance openings (5) and are arranged so as to let the fish come in but make it difficult for it to get out; and - One bottom (16) formed by a frame and net fixed in an articulated manner to one of the tops of the lower body and closed at the opposite top, which will make it possible to collect the captured fish. 2. Fish-trap (1) according to the preceding claim, characterised in that the said entrance openings (5) are configured from the full openings of the faces chosen for the entrance and capture, are circumscribed by frames (6 and 7) and the respective nets connected thereto, which are arranged in accordance with planes inclined in the outside-inside direction, and by the internal openings formed by the space between the frame inner tops. 3. Fish-trap (1) according to the preceding claim, characterised in that the said frames (6 and 7) of the entrance openings (5) are, on one of the sides (8), fixed in an articulated manner to one of the base tops of the upper body (2) and to the upper part of the lower body (3) and, on the opposite sides (9), suspended by cables (10 and 11) fixed to a bar (12) provided for in the upper body (2) . 4. Fish-trap (1) according to the preceding claim 3, characterised in that the said cables (10 and 11) which suspend the frames (6 and 7) from the entrance openings (5) may be regulated in height to tighten or loosen the internal opening of the entrance openings (5). 5. Fish-trap (1) according to claim 1,

characterised in that the upper body (2) comprises buoys (13) at their tops which, due to the buoyancy they provide, together with the weight of the remaining elements, ensure the unfolding of the trap into a built-up configuration as soon as it is placed in the water.
6. Fish-trap (1) according to the preceding claim 1, characterised in that a safety opening (14) is provided between the buoys (13) of the tops of the said upper body (2), which is released so that the fish may get out whenever the trap is considered as lost or abandoned. 7. Fish-trap (1) according to the preceding claim 6, characterised in that the safety opening (14) opens after a predetermined period of time, through decay of the fixing means thereof, so that the captured fish may get out. 8. Fish-trap (1) according to claim 1,

characterised in that the lower body (3) may be provided with ballast (15) in its tops.
10. Fish-trap (1) according to claim 1,

characterised in that the nets of the openings may be trimmed with a plain or fringed mesh, the mesh size being defined in accordance with to the species to be fished and the law in force.
11. Fish-trap (1) according to claim 1,

characterised in that it is further equipped with an exit area (17) for fish of small dimension.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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