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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1850439 13.12.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001850439
Titel Netzleitungsübertragungsverfahren
Anmelder ABB Technology AG, Zürich, CH
Erfinder Spiess, Hermann, 5245 Habsburg, CH
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 27.04.2006
EP-Aktenzeichen 064051857
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 31.10.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 13.12.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse H02H 7/26(2006.01)A, F, I, 20071002, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse H02J 13/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20071002, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a power line communication method for electric power transmission networks. Specifically, the invention relates to a power line communication method for electric power transmission networks comprising several substations interconnected by power transmission lines.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Power Line Communication (PLC) over high or medium voltage power lines can be used to transmit specific (tele-)protection commands over channels of small bandwidth, for example a bandwidth of 2kHz located at the low end of the frequency band available for power line communication services. Typically, older PLC equipment is provided with a limited bandwidth of 2kHz for transmitting command signals, used for coding (tele-)protection commands, as well as a guard frequency. Modern PLC equipment, on the other hand, offers typically a bandwidth of 4kHz; with the guard frequency being preferably located in the upper half of this available frequency band. The guard frequency can be shifted within the upper half; however, moving the guard frequency to the lower half would require hardware filters to be changed, what is to be avoided. In existing networks, frequencies adjacent to the formerly used 2kHz band are often occupied by other services. Consequently, in this case the modern PLC equipment cannot be used as if the network were designed from scratch. Nevertheless, even in new designs of PLC networks having no historical restraints and having a bandwidth of 40-500kHz reserved for protection applications, it is generally advantageous not to waste bandwidth but to use 4kHz PLC equipment and save the remaining bandwidth for other purposes.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

It is therefore an objective of the present invention to provide a power line communication method and a power line communication system, which make it possible to make efficient use of frequency bands for dedicated teleprotection applications plus service voice channel, if needed. Particularly, it is an objective of the present invention to provide a power line communication method and a power line communication system, which make it possible to reduce the number of different frequency bands, required in electric power transmission networks.

This objective is achieved by a power line communication method according to claim 1, and a power line communication system according to claim 10. Further preferred embodiments are evident from the dependent claims.

According to the present invention, the above-mentioned objects are achieved in that, in an electric power transmission network comprising several substations interconnected by power transmission lines, a communication device of a substation communicates over a power transmission line to a communication device of a neighboring substation by using command signals in a frequency band and a guard signal located in a first half of the frequency band. The communication devices use a repeating sequence of different schemes of command signals for successive lines wherein each of the schemes comprises only command signals with frequencies located in a second half of the frequency band. For example, different schemes "a" and "b" are repeated as sequence "ab" after two successive lines. By using a repeating sequence of different schemes of command signals for successive lines and by using in each of the schemes only command signals with frequencies located in one half of the reserved frequency band, it is possible to reduce the number of different frequency bands required in electric power transmission networks for transmitting command signals used for coding (tele-) protection commands. Specifically, the proposed power line communication method and system may provide a viable alternative to 2kHz PLC equipment, i.e. the older 2kHz PLC equipment can be replaced by a more modern broadband 4kHz PLC systems.

In a first embodiment, the different schemes in the repeating sequence comprise command signals with frequencies located in the same half of the frequency band, and the guard signals associated with the different schemes in the repeating sequence have frequencies that differ by a defined frequency offset. Keeping the command signal frequencies in the same half of the frequency band makes it possible to conserve bandwidth. Furthermore, by separating the guard signal frequencies by a frequency offset of at least 480Hz, for example, interference can be avoided and the guard signal can be filtered reasonably. Preferably, in this first embodiment, different sets of command signals with different frequencies are used for the different schemes of command signals.

In a second embodiment, the different schemes in the repeating sequence comprise command signals with frequencies located in alternating halves of the frequency band, and the guard signals associated with the different schemes in the repeating sequence have alternating frequencies located in the respective half of the frequency band without frequencies of command signals. Preferably, in this second embodiment, the guard signals have frequency values in between frequency values used for command signals.

In a further embodiment, for substations connected to more than two power transmission lines, an additional alternative frequency band is used for communicating command and guard signals to one of the neighboring substations.

In a power line communication system for electric power transmission networks comprising several substations interconnected by power transmission lines, the system comprises communication devices configured to communicate over one of the lines to a communication device of a neighboring substation, by using command signals in a frequency band and a guard signal located in a first half of the frequency band, the communication devices being further configured to use different schemes of command signals for successive lines, each of the schemes comprising only command signals with frequencies located in a second half of the frequency band.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present invention will be explained in more detail, by way of example, with reference to the drawings in which:

  • Fig. 1 shows a segment of an electric power transmission network comprising several substations interconnected by power transmission lines,
  • Fig. 2 shows an example of two different schemes of command signals with frequencies located in one common half of a reserved frequency band,
  • Fig. 3 shows another example of different schemes, each scheme having command signals with frequencies located in a different half of the reserved frequency band.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Fig. 1 shows a block diagram illustrating schematically a segment of an electric power transmission or distribution network 10 comprising several substations SS1, SS2, SS3, SS4, and SS5, interconnected by power transmission lines L1, L12, L14, L2, L23, L3, L4, L45, L5, and L6, e.g. high voltage power lines operating at 70 kV or above. As is illustrated in Figure 1, the substations SS1, SS2, SS3, SS4, SS5 each comprise a communication device 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. The communication devices 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 comprise a PLC modem for communicating over the power lines and a teleprotection module. For example, the PLC modem is an ETL540 or another member of ABB's ETL500 family of software programmable Power Line Carrier systems for the transmission of speech, data, and protection signals over high-voltage lines. For example, the teleprotection module is an NSD550 plug-in card by ABB for the ETL540 or for another member of the ETL500 family. The NSD550 plug-in card is configured to transmit up to four (teleprotection-) commands with two different modes of operation, i.e. either two permissive and two direct trip commands, or three permissive and one direct trip commands.

As is indicated in Figure 1, different schemes a, b, c of line protection commands are transmitted over the power transmission lines L1, L12, L14, L2, L23, L3, L4, L45, L5, L6 between the respective delimiting substations SS1, SS2, SS3, SS4, SS5. The reference numerals a, b, c refer to schemes of command signals as depicted in Figures 2 and 3, for example. The command signal schemes a, b, c indicate which command signals (type and frequency) are to be employed. As is shown in Figure 1, the communication devices 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 are configured to use different schemes of command signals a, b, c for successive lines; specifically, the communication devices 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 are configured to use a repeating sequence ("ab") of different command signal schemes a, b for successive lines. For example along the lines L1, L14, L45, L6, the command signals schemes a, b are repeated on every second line.

Figures 2 and 3 show examples of different command signal schemes a1, b1, a2, and b2. The arrows A, B, C, D represent symbolically the command signals (single tones or alternate coded tones) for commands A to D of the NSD550 plug-in card. For ease of reference, only single-tone signals (one frequency per command signal) are depicted in Figures 2 and 3; nevertheless, other command signal types, e.g. dual-tone or the like, are possible also. Arrow G represents the guard signal, for example, the pilot signal of the PLC modem, e.g. the pilot signal of the ETL500 Power Line Carrier systems, or the dedicated guard signal provided by the teleprotection module. The command signal schemes a and b (or a1, b1, a2, b2, respectively) share the same PLC frequency band F, e.g. 100k-104kHz; command signal scheme c uses a different frequency band. It should be noted that only the transmission (Tx) band is shown; the reception (Rx) band, for communicating in the opposite direction, being distinct from and either adjacent or non-adjacent to the frequency band F.

Figure 2 shows an example of two different command signal schemes a1, b1 for two commands. To implement these schemes, in Figure 1, the communication devices 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 are configured to use the command signal schemes a1, b1 for schemes a or b, respectively. Consequently, on power lines L14, L2, L4, L45, L6 associated with command signal scheme a (i.e. a1) commands A and D (or in another embodiment A and C) are used; whereas on power lines L1, L23, L45 associated with command signal scheme b (i.e. b1) commands B and C (or in another embodiment B and D) are used. As is illustrated in Figure 2, the guard frequency G associated with the command signal scheme a1 differs from the guard frequency G associated with the command signal scheme b1 by a frequency offset F0. Preferably, to avoid interferences, the guard frequencies G associated with command signal schemes a1 and b1 are offset by e.g. 480Hz. Furthermore, on power lines L12, L3, L5 associated with command signal scheme c, a different PLC frequency band should be used to prevent interference. Although unnecessary, for more conservative planning, a repeating sequence may comprise three or more different schemes, resulting in a particular scheme (a) being repeated on less than every second successive line, but still offering bandwidth savings in the grid, compared to conventional planning.

Figure 3 shows an example of two different command signal schemes a2, b2 for four commands. Again, the command signal schemes a2 and b2 share the same PLC frequency band F, e.g. 100kHz-104kHz; whereas a different frequency band is used for command signal scheme c. To implement these schemes, in Figure 1, the communication devices 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 are configured to use the command signal schemes a2, b2 for schemes a or b, respectively. Consequently, on power lines L14, L2, L4, L45, L6 associated with command signal scheme a (i.e. a2), commands A, B, C, D are located in the lower half F1, and the guard signal G is located in the upper half F2 of the frequency band F. On the other hand, on power lines L12, L3, L5 associated with command signal scheme b (i.e. b2), commands A, B, C, D are located in the upper half F2 of the frequency band F, and the guard signal G associated with command signal scheme b2 being located in the lower half F1 of the frequency band F. For the purpose of converting scheme a2 into b2 and vice versa, preferably, the frequency band F is inverted or flipped from normal (erect) to inverted position, as indicated symbolically in Figure 3 by the flipped triangle of command signal scheme b2. In the ETL500 Single-Sideband Power Line Carrier systems, for example, a special feature provides for such mirroring of normal and inverted positions. Thus, on power lines L14, L2, L4, L45, L6 associated with command signal scheme a (i.e. a2), the frequency band F is set to normal position; whereas on power lines L12, L3, L5 associated with command signal scheme b (i.e. b2), the frequency band F is set to inverted position. As indicated in Figure 3, the frequencies of the guard signals G are selected to be located between frequency values used for the command signals A, B, C, D. Essentially, in order to avoid interference, the frequencies of the guard signals G are set in the middle of two command signals A, B, C, D having neighboring frequency values. Again, and although unnecessary, for a more conservative planning, one additional line is skipped before frequencies are repeated, still offering bandwidth savings compared to conventional planning.


Anspruch[en]
A power line communication method for electric power transmission networks (10) comprising several substations (SS1, SS2, SS3, SS4, SS5) interconnected by power transmission lines (L1, L12, L14, L2, L23, L3, L4, L45, L5, L6), the method comprising: by a communication device (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) of a substation (SS1, SS2, SS3, SS4, SS5), communicating over a power transmission line (L1, L12, L14, L2, L23, L3, L4, L45, L5, L6) to a communication device of a neighboring substation (SS1, SS2, SS3, SS4, SS5) by using command signals (A, B, C, D) in a frequency band (F) and a guard signal (G) located in a first half (F1, F2) of the frequency band (F), wherein a repeating sequence of different schemes (a, b; a1, b1; a2, b2) of command signals for successive lines is used, each of the schemes comprising only command signals (A, B, C, D) with frequencies located in a second half (F2, F1) of the frequency band (F). The method of claim 1, wherein the different schemes (a1, b1) in the repeating sequence comprise command signals (A, B, C, D) with frequencies located in the same half (F1) of the frequency band (F), and wherein the guard signals (G) associated with the different schemes (a1, b1) in the repeating sequence have frequencies that differ by a defined frequency offset (F0). The method of claim 2, wherein the defined frequency offset (F0) is sufficient to prevent mutual interference of the guard signals (G) on successive lines using the different schemes (a1, b1) in the repeating sequence. The method of one of claims 1 to 3, wherein different subsets of command signals (A, B, C, D) with different frequencies are used for the different schemes (a1, b1) of command signals (A, B, C, D). The method of claim 1, wherein the different schemes (a2, b2) in the repeating sequence comprise command signals (A, B, C, D) with frequencies located in alternating halves (F1, F2) of the frequency band (F), and wherein the guard signals (G) associated with the different schemes (a2, b2) in the repeating sequence have alternating frequencies located in the half of the frequency band (F2, F1) without frequencies of command signals (A, B, C, D). The method of claim 5, wherein a first scheme (a2) of the different schemes is generated by inverting the frequency band (F) including a second scheme (b2). The method of claim 5, wherein the guard signals (G) have frequency values in between frequency values used for command signals (A, B, C, D). The method of one of claims 1 to 7, wherein for substations (SS1, SS2, SS3, SS5) connected to more than two power transmission lines (L1, L12, L14, L2, L23, L3, L4, L45, L5, L6), an additional alternative frequency band is used for communicating command and guard signals (A, B, C, D, G) to one of the neighboring substations. The method of one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the command signals (A, B, C, D) are used for coding protection commands. A power line communication system for electric power transmission networks (10) comprising several substations (SS1, SS2, SS3, SS4, SS5) interconnected by power transmission lines (L1, L12, L14, L2, L23, L3, L4, L45, L5, L6), the system comprising: in the substations (SS1, SS2, SS3, SS4, SS5), communication devices (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) configured to communicate over a power transmission line (L1, L12, L14, L2, L23, L3, L4, L45, L5, L6) to a communication device (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) of a neighboring substation (SS1, SS2, SS3, SS4, SS5) by using command signals (A, B, C, D) in a frequency band (F) and a guard signal (G) located in a first half (F1, F2) of the frequency band (F), characterized in that the communication devices (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) are configured to use a repeating sequence of different schemes (a, b, a1, b1, a2, b2) of command signals for successive lines, each of the schemes comprising only command signals (A, B, C, D) with frequencies located in a second half(F2, F1) of the frequency band (F).






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A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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