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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1109734 27.12.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001109734
Titel VORRICHTUNG BEI EINEM AUFZUG ZUM FESTLEGGEN DES STARTDREHMOMENTS DES MOTORS EINES AUFZUGSANTRIEBS
Anmelder Kone Corp., Helsinki, FI
Erfinder MUSTALAHTI, Jorma, FIN-05620 Hyvinkää, FI;
AULANKO, Esko, FIN-04230 Kerava, FI;
HAKALA, Harri, FIN-05801 Hyvinkää, FI
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 69937566
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, CH, CY, DE, DK, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, SE
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 02.09.1999
EP-Aktenzeichen 999416696
WO-Anmeldetag 02.09.1999
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/FI99/00714
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2000014004
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 16.03.2000
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 27.06.2001
EP date of grant 14.11.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 27.12.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse B66B 1/30(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse B66B 1/28(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to an arrangement for setting the starting torque of an elevator machinery.

In an elevator arrangement consisting of an elevator car, a counterweight and an elevator machinery driving these, there are large variations in the imbalance moment. Generally, every time when the car stops at a landing, its load changes, causing a change in the imbalance moment of the elevator arrangement, so the starting torque of the motor of the elevator machinery must always be set in accordance with the prevailing load.

At present, the required starting torque is determined using e.g. a load weighing device in the car. In this case, a load sensor is placed between the car and the car frame to weigh the load. This structure is difficult to apply in new elevators having a so-called frameless car structure with an integrated car and car frame. In addition, long transmission lines are needed between the car and the control system and they are exposed to various disturbances. Likewise, this design does not take the weight of the ropes and the friction on the guide rails into account.

Another alternative is to use a brake balance system. In this case, the brake torque of the elevator is measured and the starting torque is set to the same magnitude. After this, the brake is released when the motor generates a torque that brings the brake torque to zero. Although this solution works well, it is expensive because of the friction at the hinges and the non-ideality of the brake shoe.

A third alternative is to use a weighing device suspended at the end of a rope. In this case, the force acting on the point of suspension is measured. A drawback is that, in the case of 1:1 suspension, the rope end moves. This drawback is not present in 1:2 suspension, but the friction of the guides gives rise to errors.

From US-A 4,995,478 the use of the signals of load detection means for the elevator load is already known to be considered in generating a starting torque for the elevator motor.

The object of the present invention is to eliminate the drawbacks described above. A specific object of the present invention is to disclose a new type of elevator arrangement for setting the starting torque of the motor of the an elevator machinery, an arrangement which accurately measures actual forces and which can be implemented in a simple way with few components and short transmission lines.

As for the features characteristic of the invention, reference is made to the claims.

In the elevator arrangement of the invention for setting the starting torque of the motor of an elevator machinery, the elevator machinery is fixed to a guide rail in an elevator shaft. According to the invention, the elevator arrangement comprises at least one load sensor connected to the elevator machinery via a non-switched connection and designed to determine the imbalance moment that the prevailing car load produces in the elevator machinery.

Thus, in the elevator arrangement of the invention, no car load measurements need to be made in the car itself to determine the required starting torque of the motor, but instead the measurements can be performed using appropriate load sensors, which are placed on immobile points in the framework structures of the elevator machinery and in parts of the elevator arrangement fixedly connected to them.

Thus, one or more load sensors may be installed e.g. in places like the following: elevator machinery, guide rail fixture of the elevator machinery, bearing carrier of the elevator machinery and the guide rail in the elevator shaft to which the elevator machinery is fixed.

The elevator arrangement of the invention has significant advantages as compared with prior art. It makes it possible to measure the actual forces acting on the machinery, which are not transmitted via ropes or the like and are not liable to errors e.g. due to friction. Moreover, the sensors can be mounted near the machinery and therefore also near the control equipment, so the transmission lines will be short.

In the following, the invention will be described in detail with reference to the attached drawings, wherein

Fig. 1 presents an elevator arrangement according to the invention,

Fig. 2 presents a second elevator arrangement according to the invention,

Fig. 3 presents a third elevator arrangement according to the invention and

Fig. 4 presents a fourth elevator arrangement according to the invention.

Fig. 1 presents an elevator arrangement according to the invention in which an elevator machinery 1 is fixed to a guide rail 2 in an elevator shaft by means of rail fixtures 8 holding the machinery by its upper and lower parts. Load sensors 5 according to the invention are placed in conjunction with the rail fixtures 8. When the car load changes, the magnitude and possibly also the direction of the force acting on the wire ropes 9 is/are changed as well. In Fig. 1, the centre of the elevator machinery functions as a 1st bearing, which carries the vertical forces Fy and 2. The points of attachment of the load sensors 5 also function as bearing carriers, receiving the forces Fn resulting from the torque. Thus, the load acting via the wire ropes produces a torsion on the machinery, and this torsion, i.e. imbalance moment, is measured by means of the load sensors 5.

Fig. 2 presents a second embodiment of the invention, in which the elevator machinery 1 is also fixed by two points to a guide rail 2. In this embodiment, the load sensors 6 are mounted on the elevator machinery, close to its points of attachment to the guide rail 2. The sensors 6 are mounted on suitable supporting arms or legs. 10 which carry the entire elevator machinery on the guide rail 2. Thus, in a manner corresponding to Fig. 1, the imbalance moment can be measured and used to set the starting torque of the motor as appropriate.

Fig. 3 presents a third embodiment of the invention, in which the elevator machinery 1 is substantially fixedly attached to a guide rail 2 only by its upper part 11. In its lower part 12, the machinery is connected to the guide rail 2 by means of a fulcrum pin 13, allowing a turning motion in a vertical plane. Fig. 4 shows this mounting arrangement in side view.

The embodiment in Fig. 3 has two load sensors 3 mounted between the elevator machinery 1 and the guide rail 2, which is where a path of forces and tensions is located. When an imbalance moment, generated by the imbalance of the car and counterweight and acting via the ropes passing via the elevator machinery, is applied to the elevator machinery 1, the rigid attachment of the elevator machinery at its upper end 11 and the fulcrum pin attachment at the lower end 12 keep the elevator machinery rigidly in place. However, the fulcrum pin mounting at the lower end allows the elevator machinery to turn about the fulcrum pin 13, which means that, in a plane perpendicular to the fulcrum pin 13, the elevator machinery is rigidly held fast on the guide rail 2 only by its upper end 11. Thus, the imbalance moment acting on the ropes is transmitted from the elevator machinery to the guide rail 2 only via the upper end 11 of the elevator machinery. As the sensors 3 are placed on the guide rail near the point of attachment of the upper end 11 of the elevator machinery, the imbalance moment causes the greatest torsion of the guide rail 2 exactly in the area of the sensors 3, thus allowing the imbalance moment to be determined from them and the starting torque to be adjusted to a suitable level for the motor.

Fig. 4 presents a fourth embodiment, which corresponds to the one in Fig. 3, with a fulcrum pin 13 at the lower end 12 of the elevator machinery 1 as in Fig. 3. However, at the upper end 11 of the elevator machinery, the load sensor 4 is placed on a bearing 7 carrying the elevator machinery, i.e. on a support block supporting the elevator machinery on the guide rail 2.

In the foregoing, the invention has been described by way of example with reference to the attached drawings while different embodiments of the invention are possible within the scope of the inventive idea defined by the claims.


Anspruch[de]
Aufzugsanordnung zum Einstellen des Startdrehmoments eines Motors einer Aufzugsmaschine (1), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Aufzugsanordnung eine Führungsschiene (2) für die Montage zum Betrieb in einem Aufzugsschacht umfasst, eine Aufzugsmaschine (1), die an der Führungsschiene montiert ist, und wenigstens einen Lastsensor (3, 4, 5, 6), um das aus der dem Ungleichgewicht resultierende Moment zu bestimmen, welches durch die Kabinenlast auf die Aufzugsmaschine (1) ausgeübt wird, welcher Sensor (3, 4, 5, 6) mit der Aufzugsmaschine (1) über eine feste Verbindung verbunden und an der Aufzugsführungsschienenbefestigung (8) der Aufzugsmaschine (1) in dem Aufzugsschacht angeordnet ist. Aufzugsanordnung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Lastsensor (3) zwischen der Aufzugsmaschine (1) und der Führungsschiene (2) angeordnet ist. Aufzugsanordnung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Lastsensor (4) an einem Lager (7) angeordnet ist, welches die Aufzugsmaschine trägt. Aufzugsanordnung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Lastsensor (5) an einer Schienenbefestigung (8) der Aufzugsmaschine angeordnet ist. Aufzugsanordnung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Lastsensor (6) an der Aufzugsmaschine angeordnet ist. Aufzugsanordnung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Aufzugsanordnung zwei Lastsensoren enthält.
Anspruch[en]
Elevator arrangement for setting the starting torque of a motor of an elevator machinery (1),

characterised in that the elevator arrangement comprises a guide rail (2) for mounting in use in an elevator shaft, an elevator machinery (1) mounted on said guide rail and at least one load sensor (3, 4, 5, 6) for determining imbalance moment produced by the car load on the elevator machinery (1), said sensor (3, 4, 5, 6) being connected to the elevator machinery (1) by a fixed connection and being placed on an elevator guide rail fixture (8) of the elevator machinery (1) in the elevator shaft.
Elevator arrangement as defined in claim 1,

characterised in that the load sensor (3) is placed between the elevator machinery (1) and the guide rail (2).
Elevator arrangement as defined in claim 1,

characterised in that the load sensor (4) is placed at a bearing (7) supporting the elevator machinery.
Elevator arrangement as defined in claim 1,

characterised in that the load sensor (5) is placed on a rail fixture (8) of the elevator machinery.
Elevator arrangement as defined in claim 1,

characterised in that the load sensor (6) is placed on the elevator machinery.
Elevator arrangement as defined in claim 1,

characterised in that the elevator arrangement comprises two load sensors.
Anspruch[fr]
Ensemble d'ascenseur permettant de régler le couple de départ du moteur d'une machinerie d'ascenseur (1),

caractérisé par le fait que l'ensemble d'ascenseur comporte un rail-guide (2) destiné à être monté en utilisation dans une cage d'ascenseur, une machinerie d'ascenseur (1) montée sur ledit rail-guide et au moins un capteur de charge (3, 4, 5, 6) permettant de déterminer le moment de déséquilibre produit par la charge de la cabine sur la machinerie de l'ascenseur (1), ledit capteur (3,4; 5, 6) étant relié à la machinerie d'ascenseur (1) par une connexion fixe et étant placé sur un élément de fixation du rail-guide d'ascenseur (8) de la machinerie d'ascenseur (1) dans la cage d'ascenseur.
Ensemble d'ascenseur selon la revendication 1,

caractérisé par le fait que le capteur de charge (3) est placé entre la machinerie d'ascenseur (1) et le rail-guide (2).
Ensemble d'ascenseur selon la revendication 1,

caractérisé par le fait que le capteur de charge (4) est placé sur un palier (7) maintenant la machinerie d'ascenseur.
Ensemble d'ascenseur selon la revendication 1,

caractérisé par le fait que le capteur de charge (5) est placé sur une fixation de rail (8) de la machinerie d'ascenseur.
Ensemble d'ascenseur selon la revendication 1,

caractérisé par le fait que le capteur de charge (6) est placé sur la machinerie d'ascenseur.
Ensemble d'ascenseur selon la revendication 1,

caractérisé par le fait que l'ensemble d'ascenseur comporte deux capteurs de charge.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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