PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1164665 27.12.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001164665
Titel Gefilterter elektrischer Verbinder mit Ferritkernspule
Anmelder Amphenol-Tuchel Electronics GmbH, 74080 Heilbronn, DE
Erfinder Pavlovic,Slobodan, Canton, Michigan 48187, US;
Drescher, Gerhard, St. Clair Shores, Michigan 48018, US
DE-Aktenzeichen 60131324
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, IT
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 30.05.2001
EP-Aktenzeichen 011131810
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 19.12.2001
EP date of grant 14.11.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 27.12.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse H01R 13/719(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to electrical connectors and, more particularly, to filtered electrical connectors providing EMI protection.

2. Prior Art

U.S. Patent 5,489,220 discloses a filter connector with a ferrite barrel for two electrical contacts. Similarly, U.S. Patent No. 5,241,910 and corresponding European Patent Application No. EP 0 512 682 disclose a connector including a ferrite bead having two holes in spaced relation with an electric terminal disposed in each hole for making electrical contact with an associated one of the protruding pins of a pin type electric squib. This connector may be an angled connector. Moreover, U.S. Patent 5,213,522 discloses a filtered connector with a multipiece ferrite block. A problem with these types of ferrite blocks or beads is that they must be made of electrically non-conductive ferrite oxide to prevent short-circuiting of the contacts and, therefore, cannot filter lower frequencies (about 1-150 MHz) without increasing length of the ferrite block and thereby increasing the size of the connector. For a filtered connector intended to be used in a small space, such as an air bag connector, increasing the size of the connector is not desired. If an electrically conductive ferrite oxide material needed to be used for lower frequency attenuation, such as about 1-150 MHz, electrical insulators would need to be added between the contacts and the ferrite block.

DE 43 10 369 discloses an angled air bag connector including an RF coil for EMI filtering. A connector of this type is illustrated in Figs. 8 and 9 of the drawings. The connector 100 is an angled connector including a main portion 101 comprising conductor terminals 102, 103 for connecting respective input conductors or lead wires 104, 105, and a contact portion 106 comprising connector terminals 107, 108 for receiving contact pins of a mating connector of the air bag assembly (not shown). The RF coil 109 is connected in a series circuit with one of the input conductors or lead wires 104 to one of the connector terminals 108. The RF coil 109 may be wrapped around a cylindrical ferrite body 110. The RF coil 109 is disposed in a transverse direction with respect to the connector terminals 107, 108 and conductor terminals 102, 103 adjacent to the 90° bend of the angled connector. In this way, the main portion 101 of the connector extends beyond the contact portion 106 forming a coil portion 111 so that the connector may be considered as being generally T-shaped. Thus, the RF coil, and the ferrite body, if any, increase the size of the connector in longitudinal direction.

Coils have demanding packaging space requirements and are a limiting factor in further miniaturization of filtered interconnections. Coil performance is targeting a limited frequency range, and improved performance at higher frequency ranges is desired.

Moreover, prior art air bag connectors comprise two locking latches on opposite sides of the connector so as to lock the connector to the socket provided on the igniter of the air bag module. Having the locking latches provided on the sides of the connector inhibits close side-by-side packaging of two or more connectors. Document WO-A-9 908 062 discloses a device according to the preamble of claim 1.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

According to the present invention, there is provided an EMI filter connector device comprising a first contact element, a tubular ferrite bead surrounding said first contact element, and a coil wound around said ferrite bead. Preferably, the coil has a first coil terminal and a second coil terminal, and said connector device further comprises a first conductor connecting portion, wherein one of said first and second coil terminals is connected to said first contact element, and wherein the other of said first and second coil terminals is connected to said first conductor connecting portion.

Preferably, the connector comprises a second contact element and a second conductor connecting portion wherein said second contact element is connected to said second conductor connecting portion. In a preferred embodiment said first and second contact elements are female contacts.

It is preferred that the connector of the present invention comprises a housing having a main portion and a contact portion, said contact portion being adapted to be inserted into an associated socket and extending at about 90° with respect to said main portion so as to provide an angled connector wherein said contact elements, said ferrite bead, and said coil are disposed in said contact portion of said housing.

The new EMI filtering connector of the present invention provides connector miniaturization with improved performance over an extended frequency range as compared to coil only.

The design of the present invention compiles EMI protection of two formerly separated filtering devices (coil and ferrite beads) in one optimal packaging. It consists of a coil wound around a cylindrical tubular ferrite bead and welded at one end to the terminal receptacle fed through the ferrite bead. The signal is routed through the coil and then through the ferrite bead providing added filtering effect. The design provides further performance improvement and significant reduction of the packaging size. The filtering system of the present invention comprising one coil and ferrite bead EMI protective device has a superior performance and efficiency in the 100 to 300 MHz range and at least 20dB attenuation over a frequency range from 1 MHz to 1.5 GHz with appropriate selection of the ferrite material. Performance can be tailored by adding more filtering devices per circuit (combinations of coil and ferrite bead filtering units and ferrite bead filtering units). The use of the filtering system may well be expanded to a frequency of 3.0 GHz and beyond.

This design provides minimum packaging size for required electrical and mechanical performance. The filter consisting of a coil and a ferrite bead is packaged in the contact portion (or nozzle area) of the connector, eliminating the necessity of packaging space in the connector housing.

The present invention provides good filtering performance of the coil within optimized packaging, and in addition thereto, due to the unique double signal routing, the coil performance is supplemented by the ferrite bead performance. The ferrite bead is used as the coil core or bobbin to enhance magnetic permeability. By adding this new function as a coil core or bobbin to the ferrite bead, the present invention uses both filters (coil and ferrite bead) in series to maximize performance to the ultimate level within optimal packaging. The present invention further provides flexibility of tailoring or calibrating the filtering performance by changing the number of coil windings and/or the material and/or shape of the ferrite bead.

The present invention offers ultimate filtering performance base on unique signal routing provided in this coil filtered terminal package solution. The present invention improves the role of the ferrite core and adds it as an additional inductive filter in series with the coil.

Providing only one locking hook or locking leg improves side-to-side packaging performance for serviceable connectors and provides more reliable locking. The housing (nozzle) is premolded and the filter and terminal/wire assembly is preassembled. Low pressure over-molding is used to enclose the components in the housing. Side-to-side packaging is an important point e. g. for dual stage air bag systems.

The present invention provides a miniaturized connector that is about three times smaller than the current DC air bag connectors with side-to-side packaging.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The foregoing aspects and other features of the present invention are explained in the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1
is an exploded view of the EMI protective system included in an electrical connector of the present invention;
Fig. 2
is perspective view of the EMI protective system shown in Fig. 1 in an assembled condition;
Fig. 3
is a circuit diagram of the electric scheme including the electrical connector of the present invention and an associated igniter or squib;
Fig. 4
is a partially cut perspective view of an embodiment of an electrical connector according to the present invention;
Fig. 5
is a perspective view of another embodiment of an electrical connector according to the present invention with the cover of the housing removed;
Fig. 6
is a perspective view of the electrical connector of Fig. 5 including the cover of the housing;
Fig. 7
is a perspective view of a side-by-side arrangement of two electrical connectors in accordance with the present invention;
Fig. 8
is a schematic top plan view of a prior art connector;
Fig. 9
is a schematic side view of the prior art connector shown in Fig. 8;
Fig. 10
is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the EMI protective system of the present invention;
Fig. 11
is a perspective view of a terminal of the EMI protective system of Fig. 10 before singulation;
Fig. 12
is one embodiment of a ferrite bead which may be used in the EMI protective system of the present invention;
Fig. 13
is another embodiment of a ferrite bead which may be used in the EMI protective system of the present invention; and
Fig. 14
is yet another embodiment of a ferrite bead which may be used in the EMI protective system of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to Fig. 1, there is shown an exploded view of the EMI protective system included in an electrical incorporating features of the present invention. Although the present invention will be described with reference to the embodiments shown in the drawings, it should be understood that the present invention can be embodied in many alternate forms of embodiments. In addition, any suitable size, shape or type of elements or materials could be used.

The EMI protective system may be used in a connector connecting electrical conductors with an air bag gas generator. However, the connector could be used to connect conductors with other devices. Referring also to Fig. 2, the EMI protective system generally comprises a ferrite bead or hood 1 and a coil 2 wound around the ferrite bead 1.

Preferably, the ferrite bead 1 is comprised of metal powder which is pressed into a mold and sintered into shape. Alternative manufacturing such as extrusion could also be used.

The ferrite bead 1 has a generally tubular cylindrical shape and forms a sleeve for accommodating a female contact element 3 which is commonly comprised in the electrical connector. In a preferred embodiment, the ferrite bead 1 has a tubular shape with an inner diameter of about 1.5 mm and an outer diameter of about 2.5 mm. Other sizes are available for different sizes of the contact element.

At least one and normally two contact pins or male contacts 4 are commonly associated with the igniter or squib (not shown) and project therefrom. For the sake of simplicity, only one such contact pin is shown in Figs. 1 and 2. In the assembled condition, as shown in Fig. 2, the contact pin 4 is inserted into the female contact 3 of the connector. Both the contact pin 4 and the female contact 3 extend into the ferrite bead 1 such that contact between the female and the male contacts is made within the ferrite bead 1. Preferably, there is a friction fit between the female contact 3 and the ferrite bead 1 when the contact 3 is inserted into the ferrite bead 1. The ferrite bead 1 may be made of non-conductive ferrite or, if particular filter properties of conductive ferrite are preferred, it may be made of conductive ferrite.

The coil 2 has two terminals 2a and 2b. In a preferred embodiment, terminal 2a at the end of the coil 2 adjacent to the female contact 3 is used for signal input, i. e. it is connected to a conductor 5 to be connected to the contact pin 4, such as a conductor providing a firing or deployment signal for an associated air bag. The terminal 2b at the opposite end of the coil 2 adjacent to the contact pin 4 is electrically connected to a portion or tab 3a of the female contact 3 by welding, soldering, or other suitable means. Of course, the terminals 2a, 2b of the coil 2 may be connected in the opposite sense, i. e. vice versa to the above configuration.

Fig. 3 is a circuit diagram of the electric scheme including the electrical connector of the present invention and an associated igniter or squib. The circuit diagram shows a series circuit of signal input 6, e. g. from vehicle electronics providing a firing or deployment signal for the associated air bag, to signal output 7, e. g. connected to ground. Signal input 6 and signal output 7 may be considered as two conductors or wires in a lead or cable from vehicle electronics to the air bag connector. The series circuit comprises the coil 2, the ferrite bead 1, and a resistor 8 inside the igniter, with reference numeral 9 denoting the welding point of terminal 2b to the female contact portion 3a, and reference numerals 10 and 11 denoting the contact points of the female contact 3 with contact pin 4, and the contact point of another contact pin (not shown in Figs. 1 and 2) with another contact pin (not shown in Figs. 1 and 2), respectively. The resistor 8 inside the igniter is usually a wire which heated by a deployment signal so as to cause ignition of the igniter or squib.

Fig. 4 shows an embodiment of an electrical connector 12 according to the present invention wherein coil 2 is connected in an opposite sense to that in the embodiments of Figs. 1 and 2. The connector 12 is an angled connector and comprises generally two portions, a conductor portion or main portion 12a and a contact portion or nozzle 12b.

The electrical components of the connector 12 are accommodated in a housing 13. The housing 13 may be made of dielectric plastic and comprises two separate receiving areas 14, and two holes 15 through a bottom face 16 of the housing into the receiving areas 14. The contact portion 12b is adapted to be plugged e. g. into a socket of an igniter for a gas generator (not shown).

The connector 12 preferably comprises two electrical contacts, each comprising a female contact and a connection area for connection to electrical conductors. Preferably, the female contacts are comprised of stamped and formed sheet metal. The female contacts, one of which is shown at 3, each have two spring contact arms for making safe contact with a contact pin.

In this embodiment the connector 12 has a 90° bend for a right angle connector. However, the connector 12 could be straight for an in-line connector.

The socket of the igniter (not shown) has two male pin contacts (only one of which is shown at 4 in Figs. 1, 2, and 4) at a fixed spacing relative to each other that are received in the two female contacts through the holes 15 in the housing 13. Thus, the connector is able to electrically connect the contact pins to the conductors.

As may be seen in Fig. 5, a preferred alternative embodiment of the contact element 3 may comprise two tabs 3a, 3b wherein one (3a) of said tabs is used for contacting a coil terminal if a coil is used with this contact element, and the other tab 3b being used for connection with a conductor if no coil is used with this contact element. In this way, only one type of contact element is required for both filtered and unfiltered contacts.

Figs. 5 and 6 illustrate another important feature of the present invention. Fig. 5 shows another embodiment of an electrical connector 12 according to the present invention with a cover of the housing 13 removed, while Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the electrical connector of Fig. 5 including a cover 17. The cover 17 may be over-molded and also provides strain relief for the conductors. In an alternate embodiment the cover 17 need not be over-molded.

The main portion 12a of the connector 12 has a rear end 18 where the conductors are fed into the connector and a front end 19 near the contact portion 12b. By placing the filtering components (ferrite bead 1 and coil 2) in the contact portion 12b of the connector 12 (see above), it is possible to provide a single locking or latching hook 20 at the front end 19 of an angled connector.

A plurality of such connectors can thus be placed in close proximity next to each other in a side-by-side relationship, thereby requiring less space than prior art designs while providing reliable locking of the connector to an associated socket (see Fig. 7).

In Fig. 7, an alternate embodiment of a connector 12 with a different single locking hook 20 in the frontal region of the connector is shown. It is to be understood that instead of a locking hook other locking or latching means could be used in the frontal region of the connector.

According to the present invention, cost and weight and size of the connector can be minimized. The present invention allows two different filter components to be used in the same connector, namely a ferrite bead and a coil for a better or wider range of filtering. The present invention provides a means to reduce the size of the connector while maintaining good filtering by providing a ferrite bead around one contact and by providing a coil would around the ferrite bead wherein said filtering components are disposed in the contact portion or nozzle of the connector. This design also enables the use of a single locking hook in the frontal region of the connector.

Figs. 10 to 14 relate to certain aspects of the invention which may be of particular importance and advantage for the manufacturing of the EMI protective system of the present invention. More particularly, Fig. 10 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the EMI protective system of the present invention, similar to the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 to 4 and described in connection therewith. In particular, sizes and materials used for the individual components may be identical to those described above. Therefore, the same reference numerals are used to designate similar components.

The EMI protective system shown in Fig. 10 comprises a ferrite bead or hood 1 and a coil 2 wound around the ferrite bead 1. The ferrite bead 1 has a generally tubular cylindrical shape and forms a sleeve for accommodating a female contact element 3 which is commonly comprised in the electrical connector.

The coil 2 has two terminals 2a and 2b. In the embodiment of Fig. 10, the coil 2 is connected in an opposite sense to that in the embodiments of Figs. 1 and 2, or identical to the embodiment of Fig. 4. In the embodiment of Fig. 10, terminal 2b at the distal end of the coil 2 is used for signal input and is connected to a conductor 5, and terminal 2b at the opposite or proximate end of the coil 2 is electrically connected to a portion or tab 3a of the female contact 3, preferably by welding.

The conductor 5 is shown to comprise a sheath or insulation 5a and an electrically conducting core 5b which is connected to the terminal 2b of the coil. In the embodiment of Fig. 10, a separate contact portion 3b is provided to which the core 5b of the conductor 5 is connected, preferably by welding. While the separate contact portion 3b is not necessary for proper functioning of the EMI protective system, provision of such a contact portion 3b facilitates manufacturing of the system. For example, the core 5b of the conductor and the terminal 2b of the coil 2 could both be individually welded to the contact portion 3b thus avoiding the need to directly connect the terminal 2b of the coil 2 to the core 5b of the conductor which may be difficult or cumbersome. In this case, the contact portion 3b serves as a bridge between the core 5b of the conductor and the terminal 2b of the coil 2. Alternatively, if the core 5b of the conductor and the terminal 2b of the coil 2 are directly coupled, such as by welding, either one or both of the core 5b and the terminal 2b could be attached or welded to the contact portion 3b so as to fix the relative position of connector 5 and terminal 2b which facilitates assembly of the EMI protective system e. g. in an electrical connector.

As has been explained above with reference to Fig. 3, the signal is routed first through the coil 2, then back to the tab 3a of the female contact 3 and then through the ferrite bead 1.

In Fig. 11, the female contact 3 of the EMI protective system of Fig. 10 is shown before singulation. This means that the female contact 3 may be manufactured e. g. by stamping and bending of a single piece of sheet metal, such that it includes the main body of the female contact as well as the tab 3a and the contact portion 3b. At a later stage, e. g. after the terminals 2a and 2b are connected to the tab 3a and the contact portion 3b, respectively, a singulation area 3c between the tab 3a and the contact portion 3b may be severed so as to electrically and mechanically separate the contact portion 3b from the female contact 3. The singulation area 3c is preferably a narrow web between the tab 3a and the contact portion 3b.

As can be seen in Fig. 11, the main body of female contact 3 is of a generally barrel-type or tubular configuration so as to be able to receive a contact pin such as contact pin 4. Preferably, the main body of the female contact extends at a right angle to the tab 3a and the contact portion 3b. The main body may comprise some kind of means to engage the contact pin. Such means could be flexible tongues or webs extending into the interior of the main body, or a friction fit, press fit, or interference fit of the main body and the contact pin. Alternatively, the main body of the female contact 3 could be generally cylindrical, and the contact pin could comprise flexible tongues or the like.

Figs. 12 to 14 show embodiments of a ferrite bead which may be used in the EMI protective system of the present invention, serving as a bobbin for the coil. As mentioned above, the ferrite bead 1 is comprised of metal powder which is pressed into a mold and sintered into shape. Alternative manufacturing such as extrusion could also be used. The shape of the ferrite bead 1 can be varied to accommodate various sizes of coils or various shapes of housings into which the EMI protective system of the present invention may be incorporated, e. g. in electrical connectors.

The ferrite bead of Fig. 12 is of a regular cylindrical tubular shape having constant inner and outer diameters throughout the axial length of the ferrite bead. The ferrite bead shown in Fig. 13 has the general shape of a dumbbell. In other words, at both axial ends of the ferrite bead, there is a cylindrical portion having a larger outer diameter that the central cylindrical portion. The inner diameter of the ferrite bead is preferably constant throughout the axial length of the ferrite bead. The ferrite bead of Fig. 14 has generally two portions of different outer diameter with the inner diameter of the ferrite bead being preferably constant throughout the axial length of the ferrite bead. The coil may be wound on the ferrite bead over the entire axial length of the ferrite bead (in particular in case of the ferrite bead shown in Fig. 12), or it may be wound only on those portions of the ferrite bead having the smaller outer diameter (in particular in case of the ferrite beads shown in Figs. 13 and 14).

It should be understood that the foregoing description is only illustrative of the invention. Various alternatives and modifications can be devised by those skilled in the art without departing from the invention. For example, the location of the female contacts and the contact pins could be reversed such that the contact pins are comprised in the connector whereas the female contacts are disposed in an associated socket. In general terms, the EMI protective system of the present invention may be applicable to any feedthrough leads or conductors. Further, for example, based on specific filtering requirements, different combination of filtering units can be used as follows: one coil and ferrite bead EMI protective device per circuit; two coil and ferrite bead EMI protective devices per circuit; one coil and ferrite bead EMI protective device and one ferrite bead EMI protective device per circuit; each with different combinations of ferrite materials and geometries. Accordingly, the present invention is intended to embrace all such alternatives, modifications and variances which fall within the scope of the appended claims.


Anspruch[de]
Eine EMI-Filterverbindereinrichtung (EMI = elektromagnetische Interferenz), die Folgendes aufweist: ein erstes Kontaktelement (3), eine rohrförmige Ferrit-Hülse (1), die das erste Kontaktelement (3) umgibt; gekennzeichnet durch

eine Spule (2), die um die Ferrit-Hülse (1) gewickelt ist.
Eine Einrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Spule (2) einen ersten Spulenanschluss (2a) und einen zweiten Spulenanschluss (2b) besitzt; und

wobei die EMI-Filtereinrichtung ferner einen ersten Leiterverbindungsteil aufweist,

wobei der erste oder der zweite Spulenanschluss (2a, 2b) mit dem ersten Kontaktelement (3) verbunden ist, und wobei der andere Spulenanschluss (2a, 2b) mit dem ersten Leiterverbindungsteil verbunden ist.
Einrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, die ferner ein zweites Kontaktelement und einen zweiten Leiterverbindungsteil aufweist, wobei das zweite Kontaktelement mit dem zweiten Leiterverbindungsteil verbunden ist. Einrichtung gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei die ersten und zweiten Kontaktelemente (3) Buchsenkontakte sind. Einrichtung gemäß Anspruch 3, die ferner ein Gehäuse (13) mit einem Hauptteil und einem Kontaktteil aufweist, wobei der Kontaktteil geeignet ist, in eine zugehörige Buchse eingefügt zu werden und sich unter einem Winkel von ungefähr 90° mit Bezug auf den Hauptteil erstreckt, um einen abgewinkelten Verbinder vorzusehen, wobei die Kontaktelemente (3), die Ferrit-Hülse (1) und die Spule (2) in dem Kontaktteil des Gehäuses (13) angeordnet sind. Einrichtung gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei der Kontaktteil zwei separate Aufnahmebereiche (14) zur Aufnahme der Kontaktelemente sowie zwei Löcher (15) durch eine Unterseite des Gehäuses in die Aufnahmebereiche aufweist. Einrichtung gemäß Anspruch 6, die ferner eine Abdeckung (17) aufweist, welche aufgespritzt ist und auch eine Zugentlastung für die Leiter vorsieht, die mit den ersten und zweiten Leiterverbinderteilen verbunden sind. Einrichtung gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei der Hauptteil des Verbinders ein rückwärtiges Ende besitzt, wo Leiter in den Verbinder eingeführt werden, und ein Vorderende nahe dem Kontaktteil besitzt, wobei ein einziges Verriegelungs- oder Rastmittel (20) am Vorderende des Hauptteils vorgesehen ist. Einrichtung gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei die ersten und zweiten Kontaktelemente (3) jeweils zwei Laschen (3a, 3b) aufweisen, wobei eine der Laschen (3a) verwendet wird zum Kontaktieren eines Spulenanschlusses, wenn eine Spule mit diesem Kontaktelement verwendet wird, und wobei die andere Lasche (3b) verwendet wird zur Verbindung mit einem Leiter, wenn keine Spule mit diesem Kontaktelement verwendet wird. Einrichtung gemäß Anspruch 8, wobei das einzige Verriegelungsmittel ein Verriegelungshaken ist. Einrichtung gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Ferrit-Hülse (1) aus Metallpulver aufgebaut ist, das in eine Form gepresst und in Form gesintert wurde. Einrichtung gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Ferrit-Hülse (1) eine regelmäßige zylindrische Rohrform besitzt mit konstanten inneren und äußeren Durchmessern, und zwar über die gesamte axiale Länge der Ferrit-Hülse hinweg. Einrichtung gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Ferrit-Hülse (1) eine Rohrform besitzt mit einem Innendurchmesser von ungefähr 1,5 mm und einem Außendurchmesser von ungefähr 2,5 mm. Einrichtung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, wobei die Ferrit-Hülse (1) an beiden axialen Enden der Ferrit-Hülse zylindrische Teile besitzt, die einen größeren Außendurchmesser besitzen als ein mittlerer zylindrischer Teil. Einrichtung gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, wobei die Ferrit-Hülse (1) allgemein zwei Teile mit unterschiedlichem Außendurchmesser besitzt. Einrichtung gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Innendurchmesser der Ferrit-Hülse (1) über die gesamte axiale Länge der Ferrit-Hülse konstant ist. Einrichtung gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Ferrit-Hülse (1) aus einem leitenden Ferrit besteht.
Anspruch[en]
An EMI filter connector device comprising: a first contact element (3); a tubular ferrite bead (1) surrounding said first contact element (3); characterised in a coil (2) wound around said ferrite bead (1). A device as in Claim 1 wherein said coil (2) has a first coil terminal (2a) and a second coil terminal (2b); and

wherein said EMI filter device further comprises a first conductor connecting portion,

wherein one of said first and second coil terminals (2a, 2b) is connected to said first contact element (3), and wherein the other of said first and second coil terminals (2a, 2b) is connected to said first conductor connecting portion.
A device as in Claim 1 or 2, further comprising a second contact element and a second conductor connecting portion wherein said second contact element is connected to said second conductor connecting portion A device as in Claim 3 wherein said first and second contact elements (3) are female contacts. A device as in Claim 3, further comprising a housing (13) having a main portion and a contact portion, said contact portion being adapted to be inserted into an associated socket and extending at about 90° with respect to said main portion so as to provide an angled connector wherein said contact elements (3), said ferrite bead (1) and said coil (2) are disposed in said contact portion of said housing (13). A device as in Claim 5 wherein said contact portion comprises two separate receiving areas (14) for accommodating said contact elements and two holes (15) through a bottom face of the housing into the receiving areas. A device as in Claim 6 further comprising a cover (17) which is over-molded and also provides strain relief for conductors connected to said first and second conductor connector portions. A device as in Claim 5 wherein said main portion of said connector has a rear end where conductors are fed into the connector and a front end near said contact portion, wherein a single locking or latching means (20) is provided at the front end of main portion A device as in Claim 3 wherein said first and second contact elements (3) each comprise two tabs (3a, 3b) wherein one (3a) of said tabs is used for contacting a coil terminal if a coil is used with this contact element, and the other tab (3b) being used for connection with a conductor if no coil is used with this contact element. A device as in Claim 8 wherein said single locking means is a locking hook. A device as in any of the preceding Claims wherein said ferrite bead (1) is comprised of metal powder which is pressed into a mold and sintered into shape. A device as in any of the preceding Claims wherein said ferrite bead (1) is of a regular cylindrical tubular shape having constant inner and outer diameters throughout the axial length of the ferrite bead A device as in any of the preceding Claims wherein said ferrite bead (1) has a tubular shape with an inner diameter of about 1.5 mm and an outer diameter of about 2.5 mm. A device as in any of Claims 1 to 11 wherein said ferrite bead (1) has, at both axial ends of the ferrite bead, cylindrical portions having a larger outer diameter that a central cylindrical portion. A device as in any of Claims 1 to 11 wherein said ferrite bead (1) has generally two portions of different outer diameter. A device as in any of the preceding Claims wherein the inner diameter of the ferrite bead (1) is constant throughout the axial length of the ferrite bead. A device as in any of the preceding Claims wherein said ferrite bead (1) is made of conductive ferrite.
Anspruch[fr]
Dispositif connecteur à filtre d'impulsions électromagnétiques (EMI), comprenant : un premier élément de contact (3) ; un manchon tubulaire de ferrite (1) entourant le premier élément de contact (3), caractérisé par un enroulement (2) enroulé autour du manchon de ferrite (1). Dispositif selon la revendication 1,

dans lequel l'enroulement (2) comporte une première borne d'enroulement (2a) et une seconde borne d'enroulement (2b),

dans lequel le dispositif de filtre (EMI) comprend en outre une première partie de connexion de conducteurs, et

dans lequel au moins une des première et seconde bornes (2a, 2b) d'enroulement est connectée au premier élément de contact (3) et l'autre des première et seconde bornes (2a, 2b) d'enroulement est connectée à la première partie de connexion de conducteur.
Dispositif selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre un second élément de contact et une seconde partie de connexion de conducteur dans lequel le second élément de contact est connecté à la seconde partie de connexion de conducteur. Dispositif selon la revendication 3, dans lequel les premier et second éléments de contact (3) sont des contacts femelles. Dispositif selon la revendication 3, comprenant en outre un boîtier (13) ayant une partie principale et une partie de contact, la partie principale étant adaptée à être insérée dans une douille associée et s'étendant à environ 90° par rapport à la partie principale de façon à fournir un connecteur courbé dans lequel les éléments de contact (3), le manchon de ferrite (1) et l'enroulement (2) sont disposés dans la partie de contact du boîtier (13). Dispositif selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la partie de contact comprend deux zones de réception séparées (14) pour recevoir les éléments de contact et deux trous (15) à travers une face inférieure du boîtier dans les zones de réception. Dispositif selon la revendication 6, comprenant en outre un couvercle (17) qui est.surmoulé et permet également une libération des contraintes pour les conducteurs connectés aux première et seconde parties de connexion de conducteur. Dispositif selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la partie principale du connecteur a une extrémité arrière dans laquelle des conducteurs sont fournis dans le connecteur et une extrémité avant proche de la partie de contact, dans lequel un unique moyen de verrouillage ou de blocage (20) est prévu au niveau de l'extrémité avant de la partie principale. Dispositif selon la revendication 3, dans lequel les premier et second éléments de contact (3) comprennent chacun deux languettes (3a, 3b), l'une (3a) des languettes étant utilisée pour contacter une borne d'enroulement si un enroulement est utilisé avec cet élément de contact et l'autre languette (3b) étant utilisée pour connexion avec un conducteur si aucun enroulement n'est utilisé avec cet élément de contact. Dispositif selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le moyen unique de blocage est un crochet de blocage. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le manchon de ferrite (1) est en poudre métallique pressée dans un moule et frittée pour lui conférer sa forme. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le manchon de ferrite (1) a une forme tubulaire cylindrique régulière ayant des diamètres interne et externe constants sur la longueur axiale du manchon de ferrite. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le manchon de ferrite (1) a une forme tubulaire, un diamètre interne d'environ 1,5 mm, et un diamètre externe d'environ 2,5 mm. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, dans lequel le manchon de ferrite (1) comporte, aux extrémités axiales du manchon de ferrite, des parties cylindriques ayant un diamètre externe plus grand qu'une partie cylindrique centrale. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11, dans lequel le manchon de ferrite (1) comporte de façon générale deux parties de diamètres externes différents. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le diamètre interne du manchon de ferrite (1) est constant sur la longueur axiale du manchon de ferrite. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le manchon de ferrite (1) est en une ferrite conductrice.






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