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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1707555 27.12.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001707555
Titel Verfahren zur Herstellung von Adapalene
Anmelder LUNDBECK PHARMACEUTICALS ITALY S.p.A., Padova, IT
Erfinder Castaldi, Graziano, 28072 briona (no), IT;
Allegrini, Pietro, 20097 San Donato Milanese (MI), IT;
Razzetti, Gabriele, 20099 Sesto S. Giovanni (MI), IT;
Ercoli, Mauro, 20146 Milano, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 602006000226
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 10.03.2006
EP-Aktenzeichen 060049194
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 04.10.2006
EP date of grant 14.11.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 27.12.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse C07C 62/34(2006.01)A, F, I, 20060905, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of adapalene and intermediates useful in the synthesis thereof.

TECHNOLOGICAL BACKGROUND

Adapalene, namely 6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2-naphthoic acid, having the following chemical formula: is disclosed in US 4,717,720 and used in dermatology, in particular for the treatment of acne vulgaris and psoriasis.

According to US 4,717,720 the synthesis is carried out by a coupling reaction between a magnesium, lithium or zinc derivative of a compound of formula (A) and a compound of formula (B), wherein X and Y are Cl, Br, F or I; R is hydrogen or alkyl; and Ad is 1-adamantyl in an anhydrous solvent, in the presence of a metal transition or a complex thereof as a catalyst.

A number of alternative synthetic approaches have been suggested in order to reduce the preparation costs. Surprisingly, particularly advantageous proved the alternative synthesis of the invention, which makes use of easily-available, low-cost 6-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid alkyl esters as intermediates, and provides good yields.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

The object of the invention is a process for the preparation of a compound of formula (I), or a salt thereof wherein R is H, C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl;

comprising the reaction between a compound of formula (II) wherein

R1 and R2 are independently hydrogen, C1-C8 alkyl, aryl, aryl-C1-C8 alkyl, or R1 and R2, taken together, form a -(CH2)m-V-(CH2)n- group, in which V is NR3 or C(R3)2 wherein R3 is hydrogen, C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl;

and m and n, which can be the same or different, are 1 or 2;

with a compound of formula (III) in which

R4 and R5 are independently C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl;

in the presence of a Ni (II) salt, an organic ligand and a basic agent,

to obtain a compound of formula (I) wherein R is C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-Cg alkyl and, if desired, its conversion to a compound of formula (I) wherein R is hydrogen or to a salt thereof.

A salt of a compound of formula (I) is typically a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, for example an alkali metal salt, preferably the sodium salt.

A group or alkyl residue can be straight or branched. A C1-C8 alkyl group or residue is preferably C1-C4 alkyl, for example methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl or tert-butyl, more preferably methyl or ethyl.

An aryl group is for example phenyl or naphthyl.

An aryl-C1-C8 alkyl group is preferably a benzyl or phenethyl group.

A Ni (II) salt is for example nickel (II) chloride, bromide, iodide, acetate, acetylacetonate, carbonate or hydroxide, preferably nickel chloride.

An organic ligand is typically a phosphine, such as tricyclohexylphosphine, triphenylphosphine, tris-(3-hydroxypropyl)phosphine, tributylphosphine, dppb (1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane), dppp (1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane), dppe (1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane) or dppf (diphenylphosphinoferrocene), preferably tricyclohexylphosphine or tris-(3-hydroxypropyl)phosphine.

A basic agent can be an organic base, such as a straight or branched tertiary amine, in particular diisopropyl-ethylamine or triethylamine, or an inorganic base, such as potassium or sodium carbonate, cesium carbonate, sodium acetate, sodium hydroxide, potassium or sodium phosphate, potassium hydrogen phosphate; preferably potassium or sodium carbonate and potassium or sodium phosphate, in particular potassium carbonate or phosphate.

The reaction can be carried out in the presence of an organic solvent, typically an aromatic hydrocarbon, such as toluene, xylene; an ether, such as tetrahydrofuran, methyltetrahydrofuran, dioxane; an ester, such as ethyl acetate or butyl acetate; or a mixture of two or more, typically 2 or 3, of said solvents or a mixture of one or more, typically 1, 2 or 3, thereof with water. The reaction is preferably carried out in a tetrahydrofuran / water mixture.

The stoichiometric ratio between the compounds of formula (II) and (III) can approximately range from 2 to 0.5 moles/mole; preferably from 2 to 1 moles/mole, more preferably from 1.3 to 1 moles/mole.

The stoichiometric ratio of compound (III) to basic agent approximately ranges from 1 to 5 moles/mole, preferably from 1.5 to 2.5 moles/mole.

The stoichiometric ratio of nickel salt to compound of formula (III) can approximately range from 0.5 to 0.01 moles/mole, preferably from 0.08 to 0.02 moles/mole.

The ratio of organic ligand to nickel salt can approx. range from 10 to 2 moles/mole, preferably from 6 to 3 moles/mole.

The reaction can be carried out at a temperature approx. ranging from 0°C to the reflux temperature of the reaction mixture, preferably from 30°C to the reflux temperature, more preferably at the reflux temperature of the mixture.

The conversion of a compound (I) in which R is C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl to another compound (I) in which R is hydrogen or a salt thereof can be carried out with known methods, for example as disclosed in US 4,717,720 .

A compound of formula (II), as defined above, in which R1 and R2 are hydrogen, can also exist in equilibrium with a polymeric dehydration form, typically trimeric (boroxine).

A compound of formula (II) can be obtained according to known methods. For example, a compound (II), wherein R1 and R2 are hydrogen or alkyl, can be obtained by reacting 3-(1-adamantyl)-4-methoxy-1-bromobenzene with n-BuLi and then with a tri-alkyl-borate; or by transforming 3-(1-adamantyl)-4-methoxy-1-bromobenzene into the corresponding Grignard reagent by reaction with magnesium and subsequent addition of tri-alkyl-borate; and, if desired, by hydrolizing the alkyl ester. The resulting acid can be then optionally converted to a corresponding ester (II) as defined above.

A compound (III) can be obtained according to known methods, starting from a 6-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid ester, for example as taught by Green, T. "Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis", Ed. Wiley, III ed. page 197 .

3-(1-Adamantyl)-4-methoxy-1-bromobenzene and 6-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid are commercially available products.

The following examples illustrate the invention.

Example 1: Synthesis of 6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2-naphthoic acid methyl ester [adapalene methyl ester]

A round-bottom flask is loaded with nickel (II) chloride (0.158 g; 1.2 mmol) and THF (20 ml), and tris(hydroxypropyl)phosphine (1.53 g; 7.3 mmol) is added to the mixture, which is refluxed for an hour, then cooled to a temperature of 50°C and added in succession with methyl 6-tosylnaphthalene-2-carboxylate (8.7 g; 24.4 mmol), potassium phosphate (10.38 g; 48.8 mmol), 4-methoxy-3-adamantyl-phenylboronic acid (7 g; 24.4 mmol), water (0.88 g; 48.8 mmol) and THF (50 ml). The mixture is heated under reflux for 24 hours, then cooled to a temperature ranging from 50 to 55°C and added with water, adjusting pH to a value below 7 with acetic acid. After cooling to a temperature of 15°C, the resulting product is filtered, thereby obtaining crystalline adapalene methyl ester (8.5 g; 20.08 mmol) in 82% yield.

1H NMR: (300 MHz, DMSO), &dgr; 8.6 (s, 1H), &dgr; 8.3-7.8 (m, 6H), &dgr; 7.7-7.5 (m, 2H), &dgr; 7.1 (d, 1H), &dgr; 3.9 (s, 3H), &dgr; 3.85 (s, 3H), &dgr; 2 (m, 9H), &dgr; 1.7 (m, 6H).

Example 2: Synthesis of 6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2-naphthoic acid sodium salt [adapalene sodium salt]

A round-bottom flask is loaded with adapalene methyl ester (7 g; 16.41 mmol), THF (42 ml), water (7 ml) and a 50% w/w sodium hydroxide aqueous solution (1.44 g; 18.05 mmol). The mixture is refluxed for 6 hours, then added with water (133 ml) and THF is distilled off to a residual content of approx. 5% w/w, heated to a temperature of about 80°C until complete dissolution of the solid, then cooled to 15°C. The crystallized product is filtered and dried under vacuum in a static dryer at a temperature of 50°C, thereby obtaining adapalene sodium salt (6.7 g; 15.42 mmol) in 94% yield.

Example 3: Synthesis of 6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2-naphthoic acid [adapalene]

A round-bottom flask is loaded with adapalene sodium salt (6.7 g; 15.42 mmol), THF (40 ml) and water (7 ml) and the mixture is refluxed until complete dissolution of the solid. The resulting solution is dropped into a 3% w/w acetic acid aqueous solution, keeping the temperature above 60-70°C, to precipitate adapalene acid (6.3 g; 15.27 mmol), which is filtered and dried under vacuum at a temperature of 50-60°C. The yield is 95%.

Example 4: Synthesis of adapalene methyl ester

A round-bottom flask is loaded with nickel (II) chloride (0.158 g; 1.2 mmol) and THF (20 ml), and tris(hydroxypropyl)phosphine (1.53 g; 7.3 mmol) is added. The mixture is refluxed for an hour, then cooled to a temperature of 50°C and added in succession with methyl 6-tosyl-naphthalene-2-carboxylate (8.7 g; 24.4 mmol), potassium phosphate (10.38 g; 48.8 mmol), 4-methoxy-3-adamantyl-phenylboronic acid (9.1 g; 31.8 mmol), water (10.53 g; 585.3 mmol) and THF (50 ml). The mixture is refluxed for 24 hours, then cooled to a temperature ranging from 50 to 55°C, added with water, and adjusted to pH lower than 7 with acetic acid. After cooling to 15°C, the resulting product is filtered, thereby obtaining adapalene methyl ester (9 g; 21.2 mmol) in 86% yield.

Example 5: Synthesis of adapalene methyl ester

A round-bottom flask is loaded with nickel (II) chloride (0.158 g; 1.2 mmol) and THF (15 ml), and tris(hydroxypropyl)phosphine (1.53 g; 7.3 mmol) is added. The mixture is refluxed for an hour, then cooled to a temperature of 50°C and added in succession with methyl 6-tosyl-naphthalene-2-carboxylate (8.7 g; 24.4 mmol), potassium carbonate (6.75 g; 48.8 mmol), 4-methoxy-3-adamantyl-phenylboronic acid (9.1 g; 31.8 mmol), water (8.11 g; 450.5 mmol) and THF (30 ml). The mixture is refluxed for 24 hours, then cooled to a temperature ranging from 50 to 55°C, added with water, and adjusted to pH lower than 7 with acetic acid. After cooling to 15°C, the resulting product is filtered, thereby obtaining adapalene methyl ester (9.37 g; 21.96 mmol) in 90% yield.

Example 6: Synthesis of adapalene methyl ester

A round-bottom flask is loaded with methyl 6-tosyl-naphthalene-2-carboxylate (8.7 g; 24.4 mmol), THF (70 ml), potassium phosphate (10.38 g; 48.8 mmol), 4-methoxy-3-adamantyl-phenylboronic acid (7 g; 24.4 mmol), nickel chloride complexed with tri(cyclohexyl)phosphine (0.83 g; 1.2 mmol) and tri(cyclohexyl)phosphine (1.37 g; 4.88 mmol). The mixture is refluxed for 24 hours, then cooled to a temperature ranging from 50 to 55°C and added with water, then cooled to 15°C. The resulting product is filtered, thereby obtaining adapalene methyl ester (8.1 g; 19.0 mmol) in 78% yield.


Anspruch[de]
Ein Verfahren für die Herstellung einer Verbindung der Formel (I) oder eines Salzes davon worin R gleich H, (C1-C8)-Alkyl, Aryl oder Aryl-(C1-C8)-Alkyl ist;

umfassend die Reaktion zwischen einer Verbindung der Formel (II) worin

R1 und R2 unabhängig voneinander Wasserstoff, (C1-C8)-Alkyl, Aryl, Aryl-(C1-C8)-Alkyl sind oder R1 und R2 zusammen eine Gruppe -(CH2)m-V-(CH2)n- bilden, in welcher V gleich NR3 oder C(R3)2 ist, worin R3 gleich Wasserstoff, (C1-C8)-Alkyl, Aryl oder Aryl-(C1-C8)-Alkyl ist;

und m und n, welche gleich oder verschieden sein können, 1 oder 2 sind;

mit einer Verbindung der Formel (III) in welcher R4 und R5 unabhängig (C1-C8)-Alkyl, Aryl oder Aryl-(C1-C8)-Alkyl sind;

in der Gegenwart eines Ni(II)-Salzes, eines organischen Liganden und eines basischen Mittels,

um eine Verbindung der Formel (I) zu erhalten, worin R gleich (C1-C8)-Alkyl, Aryl oder Aryl-(C1-C8)-Alkyl ist und, falls gewünscht, dessen Umwandlung in eine Verbindung der Formel (I), worin R gleich Wasserstoff ist oder zu einem Salz davon.
Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, worin das Ni(II)-Salz gleich Nickel(II)-Chlorid, -Bromid, -Iodid, -Acetat, -Acetylacetonat, -Carbonat oder -Hydroxid ist. Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, worin der organische Ligand ein Phosphin ist. Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, worin das Phosphin ausgewählt ist aus Tricyclohexylphosphin, Triphenylphosphin, Tris-(3-hydroxypropyl)phosphin, Tributylphosphin, (1,4-Bis(diphenylphosphino)butan), (1,4-Bis(diphenylphosphino)propan), (1,4-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ethan) und (Diphenyl)phosphinoferrocen). Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, worin das Phosphin ausgewählt ist aus Tricyclohexylphosphin und Tris-(3-hydroxypropyl)phosphin. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, worin das basische Mittel eine organische oder anorganische Base ist. Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, worin die organische Base ausgewählt ist aus einem geradkettigen oder verzweigten tertiären Amin und die anorganische Base ausgewählt ist aus Kalium- oder Natriumcarbonat, Cäsiumcarbonat, Natriumacetat, Natriumhydroxid, Kalium- oder Natriumphosphat und Kaliumhydrogenphosphat. Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, worin die anorganische Base ausgewählt ist aus Kalium- oder Natriumcarbonat und Kalium- oder Natriumphosphat. Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, worin die Reaktion in der Gegenwart eines organischen Lösemittels oder einer Mischung von zwei oder mehreren organischen Lösemitteln oder einer Mischung von einem oder mehreren organischen Lösemitteln mit Wasser durchgeführt wird. Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, worin das stöchiometrische Verhältnis einer Verbindung der Formel (II) zu einer Verbindung der Formel (III) ungefähr von 2 bis 0,5 Mol/Mol beträgt. Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, worin das stöchiometrische Verhältnis einer Verbindung der Formel (III) zu dem basischen Mittel ungefähr von 1 bis 5 Mol/Mol beträgt. Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, worin das stöchiometrische Verhältnis eines Nickelsalzes zu einer Verbindung der Formel (III) ungefähr von 0,5 bis 0,01 Mol/Mol beträgt. Ein Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, worin das Verhältnis des organischen Liganden zu dem Nickelsalz von 10 bis 2 Mol/Mol beträgt. Verwendung einer Verbindung der Formel (II) worin

R1 und R2 unabhängig voneinander gleich Wasserstoff, (C1-C8)-Alkyl, Aryl, Aryl-(C1-C6)-Alkyl sind oder R1 und R2 zusammen eine Gruppe -(CH2)m-V-(CH2)n- bilden, in welcher V gleich NR3 oder C(R3)2 ist, worin R3 Wasserstoff, (C1-C8)-Alkyl, Aryl oder Aryl-(C1-C8)-Alkyl ist; und m und n, welche gleich oder verschieden sein können, 1 oder 2 sind;

für die Herstellung einer Verbindung der Formel (I) oder eines Salzes davon worin

R gleich H, (C1-C8)-Alkyl, Aryl oder Aryl-(C1-C8)-Alkyl ist.
Verwendung einer Verbindung der Formel (III) in welcher

R4 und R5 unabhängig (C1-C8)-Alkyl, Aryl oder Aryl-(C1-C8)-Alkyl sind; für die Herstellung einer Verbindung der Formel (I) oder eines Salzes davon worin R gleich H, (C1-C8)-Alkyl, Aryl oder Aryl-(C1-C8)-Alkyl ist.
Anspruch[en]
A process for the preparation of a compound of formula (I), or a salt thereof wherein R is H, C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl;

comprising the reaction between a compound of formula (II) wherein

R1 and R2 are independently hydrogen, C1-C8 alkyl, aryl, aryl-C1-C8 alkyl, or R1 and R2, taken together, form a -(CH2)m-V-(CH2)n- group, in which V is NR3 or C(R3)2 wherein R3 is hydrogen, C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl;

and m and n, which can be the same or different, are 1 or 2;

with a compound of formula (III) in which

R4 and R5 are independently C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl;

in the presence of a Ni (II) salt, an organic ligand and a basic agent,

to obtain a compound of formula (I) wherein R is C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl and, if desired, its conversion to a compound of formula (I) wherein R is hydrogen or to a salt thereof.
A process according to claim 1, wherein the Ni (II) salt is nickel (II) chloride, bromide, iodide, acetate, acetylacetonate, carbonate or hydroxide. A process according to claim 1, wherein the organic ligand is a phosphine. A process according to claim 3, wherein the phosphine is selected from tricyclohexylphosphine, triphenylphosphine, tris-(3-hydroxypropyl)phosphine, tributylphosphine, (1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)butane), (1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane), (1,4-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane) and (diphenylphosphinoferrocene). A process according to claim 4, wherein the phosphine is selected from tricyclohexylphosphine and tris-(3-hydroxypropyl)phosphine. A process according to claim 1, wherein the basic agent is an organic or inorganic base. A process according to claim 6, wherein the organic base is selected from a straight or branched tertiary amine and the inorganic base is selected from potassium or sodium carbonate, cesium carbonate, sodium acetate, sodium hydroxide, potassium or sodium phosphate and potassium hydrogen phosphate. A process according to claim 7, wherein the inorganic base is selected from potassium or sodium carbonate and potassium or sodium phosphate. A process according to claim 1, wherein the reaction is carried out in the presence of an organic solvent or a mixture of two or more organic solvents or a mixture of one or more organic solvents with water. A process according to claim 1, wherein the stoichiometric ratio of a compound of formula (II) to a compound of formula (III) approximately ranges from 2 to 0.5 moles/mole. A process according to claim 1, wherein the stoichiometric ratio of a compound of formula (III) to the basic agent approximately ranges from 1 to 5 moles/mole. A process according to claim 1, wherein the stoichiometric ratio of a nickel salt to a compound of formula (III) approximately ranges from 0.5 to 0.01 moles/mole. A process according to claim 1, wherein the ratio of the organic ligand to the nickel salt ranges from 10 to 2 moles/mole. Use of a compound of formula (II) wherein

R1 and R2 are independently hydrogen, C1-C8 alkyl, aryl, aryl-C1-C8 alkyl, or R1 and R2, taken together, form a -(CH2)m-V-(CH2)n- group, in which V is NR3 or C(R3)2 wherein R3 is hydrogen, C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl; and m and n, which can be the same or different, are 1 or 2; for the preparation of a compound of formula (I), or a salt thereof, wherein R is H, C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl.

Use of a compound of formula (III) in which

R4 and R5 are independently C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl; for the preparation of a compound of formula (I), or a salt thereof, wherein R is H, C1-C8 alkyl, aryl or aryl-C1-C8 alkyl.
Anspruch[fr]
Procédé de préparation d'un composé de formule (I), ou d'un sel de celui-ci dans laquelle R est H, un groupe alkyle en C1-C8, aryle ou arylalkyle en C1-C8;

comprenant la réaction d'un composé de formule (II) dans laquelle

R1 et R2 sont indépendamment un atome d'hydrogène, un groupe alkyle en C1-C8, aryle, arylalkyle en C1-C8, ou R1 et R2, ensemble, forment un groupe -(CH2)m-V-(CH2)n-, où V est NR3 ou C(R3)2, où R3 est un atome d'hydrogène, un groupe alkyle en C1-C8, aryle ou arylalkyle en C1-C8;

et m et n, qui peuvent être identiques ou différents, valent 1 ou 2 ;

avec un composé de formule (III) dans laquelle R4 et R5 sont indépendamment un groupe alkyle en C1-C8, aryle ou arylalkyle en C1-C8 ;

en présence d'un sel de Ni (II), d'un ligand organique et d'un agent basique, pour obtenir un composé de formule (I) dans laquelle R est un groupe alkyle en C1-C8, aryle ou arylalkyle en C1-C8 et, si souhaité, sa conversion en un composé de formule (I) dans laquelle R est un atome d'hydrogène ou en un sel de celui-ci.
Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le sel de Ni (II) est le chlorure, le bromure, l'iodure, l'acétate, l'acétylacétonate, le carbonate ou l'hydroxyde de nickel (II). Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ligand organique est une phosphine. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la phosphine est choisie parmi la tricyclohexylphosphine, la triphénylphosphine, la tris-(3-hydroxypropyl)-phosphine, la tributylphosphine, le (1,4-bis(diphénylphosphino)butane), le (1,4-bis(diphénylphosphino)propane), le (1,4-bis(diphénylphosphino)éthane) et le (diphénylphosphinoferrocène). Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la phosphine est choisie parmi la tricyclohexylphosphine et la tris-(3-hydroxypropyl)phosphine. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'agent basique est une base organique ou inorganique. Procédé selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la base organique est choisie parmi une amine tertiaire linéaire ou ramifiée et la base inorganique est choisie parmi le carbonate de potassium ou de sodium, le carbonate de césium, l'acétate de sodium, l'hydroxyde de sodium, le phosphate de potassium ou de sodium et l'hydrogénophosphate de potassium. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la base inorganique est choisie parmi le carbonate de potassium ou de sodium et le phosphate de potassium ou de sodium. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la réaction est réalisée en présence d'un solvant organique ou d'un mélange de deux solvants organiques ou plus ou d'un mélange d'un ou plusieurs solvants organiques avec de l'eau. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le rapport stoechiométrique d'un composé de formule (II) à un composé de formule (III) est approximativement compris dans la plage allant de 2 à 0,5 moles/mole. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le rapport stoechiométrique d'un composé de formule (III) à l'agent basique est approximativement compris dans la plage allant de 1 à 5 moles/mole. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le rapport stoechiométrique d'un sel de nickel à un composé de formule (III) est approximativement compris dans la plage allant de 0,5 à 0,01 moles/mole. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le rapport du ligand organique au sel de nickel est compris dans la plage allant de 10 à 2 moles/mole. Utilisation d'un composé de formule (II) dans laquelle

R1 et R2 sont indépendamment un atome d'hydrogène, un groupe alkyle en C1-C8, aryle, arylalkyle en C1-C8, ou R1 et R2, ensemble, forment un groupe -(CH2)m-V-(CH2)n-, où V est NR3 ou C(R3)2, où R3 est un atome d'hydrogène, un groupe alkyle en C1-C8, aryle ou arylalkyle en C1-C8; et m et n, qui peuvent être identiques ou différents, valent 1 ou 2 ; pour la préparation d'un composé de formule (I) ou d'un sel de celui-ci dans laquelle R est H, un groupe alkyle en C1-C8, aryle ou arylalkyle en C1-C8.
Utilisation d'un composé de formule (III) dans laquelle R4 et R5 sont indépendamment un groupe alkyle en C1-C8, aryle ou arylalkyle en C1-C8; pour la préparation d'un composé de formule (I) ou d'un sel de celui-ci dans laquelle R est H, un groupe alkyle en C1-C8, aryle ou arylalkyle en C1-C8.






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