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Dokumentenidentifikation EP1854601 27.12.2007
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001854601
Titel Zuführeinheit für Paneele aus Holz oder dergleichen und Verfahren
Anmelder Biesse S.p.A., Pesaro, IT
Erfinder Bernardi, Paolo, 47841 Cattolica, IT
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LI, LT, LU, LV, MC, NL, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 16.02.2007
EP-Aktenzeichen 071026017
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 14.11.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 27.12.2007
IPC-Hauptklasse B27C 9/00(2006.01)A, F, I, 20071016, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse B23Q 7/10(2006.01)A, L, I, 20071016, B, H, EP   B27B 31/00(2006.01)A, L, I, 20071016, B, H, EP   B27B 31/08(2006.01)A, L, I, 20071016, B, H, EP   B65G 59/02(2006.01)A, L, I, 20071016, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates to a unit for feeding panels of wood or the like.

In the wood panel machining sector, it is known to provide a feeding unit comprising a lower loading surface for a panel to be fed to an operating unit adapted to machine the panels and an upper unloading surface for receiving the panel machined by the operating unit itself.

The two loading and unloading surfaces are substantially horizontal and parallel to each other and are fixed to a rectilinearly reciprocating mobile support frame in a vertical direction to move the loading surface between a lowered position and a raised position for feeding the panel to be machined to the operating unit and to move the unloading surface between a raised position and a lowered position for receiving the machined panel from the operating unit.

Since the panels to be machined are loaded one at a time onto the loading surface from a stack of panels arranged by the side of the feeding unit, the known feeding units of the above-described type are relatively cumbersome, require relatively large installation spaces and relatively high installation costs, and introduce relatively long dead times.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a unit for feeding panels of wood or the like which is free from the above-described drawbacks and which is simple and cost-effective to implement.

According to the present invention, there is provided a unit for feeding panels of wood or the like as claimed in claims from 1 to 11.

The present invention further relates to a method for feeding panels of wood or the like.

According to the present invention, there is provided a method for feeding panels of wood or the like as claimed in claims from 12 to 22.

A preferred non-limiting embodiment of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

  • figure 1 is a diagrammatic side view, with parts removed for clarity, of a preferred embodiment of the feeding unit of the present invention and of an operating unit associated thereto;
  • figure 2 is a diagrammatic side view, with parts removed for clarity, of the feeding unit of figure 1; and
  • figure 3 is a diagrammatic side view, with parts removed for clarity, of a detail of figure 2.

With reference to figure 1, numeral 1 indicates as a whole a feeding unit for feeding panels 2 of wood or the like to be machined to an operating unit 3 of known type and to receive the machined panels 2 from unit 3 itself.

Unit 3 is connected to unit 1 at an inlet station 4 having a resting surface P1 for panels 2, and comprises an elongated base 5, which extends in a certain direction 6, and is limited on top, in the case in point, by a supporting panel (not shown), which is commonly called a "sacrificial board", is fastened to base 5, is substantially coplanar with surface P1, and is made of air permeable material so as to allow the locking of panel 2 onto surface P1 itself.

Unit 3 further comprises a gantry 7 comprising, in turn, a vertical pillar (not shown), which is coupled in known manner to base 5 to perform rectilinear movements in direction 6, along base 5 itself and under the bias of an actuating device (known and not shown), and carries a horizontal crossmember 8 connected thereto and extending over base 5 in a direction 9 transversal to direction 6 and perpendicular to the sheet plane in figure 1.

Gantry 7 supports an operating head 10, which is coupled in a known manner to crossmember 8 to perform, along crossmember 8 itself, rectilinear movements in direction 9, and normally comprises at least one spindle of a known type and not shown, which is mounted on operating head 10 itself to be moved in a direction 11 vertical and orthogonal to directions 6 and 9, and is mobile over base 5 to allow a corresponding tool (not shown) fitted on the spindle (not shown) itself to obtain from each panel 2 a plurality of panels (not shown) of smaller dimensions than those of panel 2 itself.

As shown in figure 2, unit 1 comprises four vertical pillars 12 (only two of which are shown in figure 2), each of which extends in direction 11 and is aligned to the two adjacent pillars 12 in directions 6 and 9.

Pillars 12 support a lower supporting plate 13, which extends between pillars 12, defines a lower loading surface P2 substantially horizontal and orthogonal to direction 11, is adapted to support a stack 14 of panels 2 reciprocally overlapping in direction 11, and is slidingly coupled to pillars 12 to perform rectilinear movements in direction 11 itself, with respect to pillars 12 themselves and under the bias of an actuating device 15.

Plate 13 presents a substantially rectangular shape, and supports four scrolls 16 at its vertexes, each of which is coupled, by means of a screw/nut-screw coupling, to a corresponding screw 17 of device 15, a motor of which (of known type and not shown) puts screws 17 into rotation by means of a chain drive 18 of a known type to give rectilinear movements in direction 11 to scrolls 16 and thus to plate 13.

Unit 1 further comprises an upper supporting plate 19, which extends between two pillars 12, defines an upper unloading surface P3 substantially parallel to surface P2, and is slidingly coupled to pillars 12 to perform rectilinear movements in direction 11 with respect to pillars 12 and according to modalities which will be illustrated in greater detail below.

Plate 19 is normally maintained in a lowered position (figure 2), in which surface P3 is substantially coplanar with surface P1, by means of four supporting blocks 20 mounted on pillars 12 to support the bottom of plate 19 itself.

Plate 19 is mobile from its lowered position to a first raised position (figure 3), in which the distance between plate 19 and surface P1 of inlet station 4 of operating unit 3 approximates by excess the total height of panels 2 which must be fed from time to time onto surface P1 itself, and is adapted to be locked in its first raised position by means of a stop assembly 21.

With reference to figure 3, assembly 21 comprises a plurality of stop devices 22 (four stop devices 22 in the case in point), each of which is associated to a corresponding pillar 12, and comprises a rocker arm 23 hinged to plate 19 to oscillate, with respect to plate 19 and under the bias of an actuator cylinder 24, about a fulcrum axis 25 substantially parallel to direction 9.

Cylinder 24 presents an outlet rod 26, which is hinged to a first arm 27 of rocker arm 23, and is mobile between a retracted position (figure 3), in which rod 26 moves a second arm 28 of rocker arm 23 to a fastening position of a supporting block 29 fixed to corresponding pillar 12, and an extracted position (not shown), in which rod 26 moves arm 28 to a release position from block 29 itself.

Plate 19 is further mobile in a second raised position arranged over the first raised position, and is adapted to be locked in its second raised position by means of four devices 22, each of which cooperates with a supporting block 30 fastened to corresponding pillar 12 over a corresponding block 29.

Plate 19 is finally provided with a transfer assembly 31, which feeds panels 2 of stack 14 in direction 6, and cooperates with a gripping and conveying assembly of known type associated to crossmember 8 of operating unit 3 to complete the transfer of panels 2 themselves onto surface P1.

Assembly 31 comprises at least one actuator cylinder 32, which is fixed to plate 19 parallelly to direction 6, and presents a telescopic outlet rod 33 on which there is mounted a bar 34, which extends in direction 6, and supports a plurality of transfer devices 35 distributed along bar 34 itself.

Each device 35 comprises a crank 36, which is hinged to bar 34 to oscillate in a known manner, with respect to bar 34 itself, about an axis 37 of fulcrum substantially parallel to direction 9 between a raised rest position and a lowered operative position, is provided with a supporting wheel 38 adapted to be arranged in contact with upper panel 2 of stack 14, and is further provided with a pushing element 39 adapted to engage the rear edge of panels 2 to be transferred onto surface P1.

The operation of unit 1 will now be described assuming the feeding, the machining and the unloading of a single panel 2 from the moment in which:

  • lower plate 13 is arranged in a lowered position (figure 2);
  • one stack 14 of panels 2 is loaded on lower loading surface P2;
  • upper plate 19 is arranged in its lowered position (figure 2);
  • outlet rod 33 of actuator cylinder 32 is arranged in a retracted position (not shown);
  • transfer devices 35 are arranged in their raised rest positions;
  • outlet rods 26 of actuator cylinders 24 are arranged in their extracted positions; and
  • stop devices 22 are arranged in their release positions.

Lower plate 13 is raised by means of actuating device 15 and from its lowered position to firstly move upper panel 2 from stack 14 into contact with a plurality of supporting pads 40 protruding downwards from upper plate 19 to thus raise plate 19 itself from its lowered position to its first raised position.

At this point, outlet rods 26 of actuator cylinders 24 are moved into their retracted positions and stop devices 22 are moved into their fastening positions so as to lock plate 19 in its first raised position; plate 13 is lowered again by means of actuating device 15 and stopped in a raised position (not shown), in which panel 2 to be transferred onto surface P1 is substantially coplanar with surface P1 itself.

The transfer of panel 2 considered on surface P1 is performed by firstly moving transfer devices 35 into their lowered operative positions so as to rest wheels 38 on panel 2 and thus moving outlet rod 33 of actuator cylinder 32 into its extracted position to allow one of pushing elements 39 to engage the rear edge of panel 2 and to advance panel 2 itself in direction 6 and on surface P1.

According to a variant (not shown), transfer devices 35 are normally arranged in their lowered operative positions. When plate 13 is raised, some transfer devices 35 are engaged by upper panel 2 of stack 14 and are thus moved into their raised rest positions, while the remaining transfer devices 35 remain in their lowered operative positions to feed panel 2 in direction 6.

During the machining of the considered panel 2 by operating unit 3, plate 13 is firstly raised in direction 11 from its raised position so as to move the new upper panel 2 of stack 14 into contact with pads 40 and to allow the release of plate 19 from supporting blocks 19 and is thus lowered again to move plate 19 itself into its lowered position.

After ending the machining, machined panel 2 is unloaded in a known manner onto surface P3 and the above-described operative sequence is repeated to feed panels 2 to be machined from surface P2 onto surface P1 and to unload newly machined panels 2 from surface P1 to surface P3.

When all panels 2 from stack 14 have been machined by operating unit 3 and unloaded by feeding unit 1, plate 19 is moved by means of plate 13 to its second raised position to allow a feeding carriage of a known type and not shown to be arranged between plates 13 and 19 to load a new stack 14 of panels 2 onto lower surface P2.

From the above, it is understood that the second raised position of plate 19 depends on the maximum height of stack 14 of panels 2 which must be loaded onto lower surface P2.

According to a variant (not shown), feeding unit 1 further comprises a cavity which is obtained underneath pillars 12, opens outwards at the ground, and is adapted to accommodate therein stacks 14 of panels 2 presenting heights higher than the length of pillars 12 themselves. In this case, once stack 14 is loaded on surface P2, plate 13 is lowered into the cavity so as to lower upper panel 2 of stack 14 to a position substantially coplanar with surface P1 and to start feeding of panels 2 to operating unit 3.

As plate 19 may be locked into two fixed raised positions in direction 11 and plate 13 is mobile with respect to plate 19 with a law of motion at least partially different from the law of motion of plate 19 itself, it must be said that:

  • the lowered position of plate 13 is variable in direction 11 and its height from the ground gradually increases as panels 2 from stacks 14 arranged from time to time on surface P1 are fed to operating unit 3; and
  • the length of the outward and return strokes of plate 13 between its lowered position and its raised position gradually decrease as panels 2 of stack 14 are fed to operating unit 3 introducing relatively short dead times.

According to a variant (not shown), plate 19 is mobile between its raised positions and its lowered position under the bias of a lifting device entirely independent from plate 13 and device 15 and according to a law of motion entirely independent from the law of motion of plate 13 itself.

Feeding unit 1 thus presents relatively small dimensions and considerably reduces the interventions of personnel responsible of controlling units 1 and 3.


Anspruch[en]
A feeding unit for feeding panels (2) of wood or the like, the feeding unit comprising a lower loading surface (P2) for at least one panel (2) to be machined; an upper unloading surface (P3) over the lower loading surface (P2) to receive at least one panel (2) newly machined by the operating unit (3); and actuator means (15) for moving the lower loading surface (P2) in a substantially vertical direction (11) and according to a first law of motion between a lowered position and a raised position for feeding at least one panel (2) to be machined to the operating unit (3) and for moving the upper unloading surface (P3) in said direction (11) and according to a second law of motion between a lowered position for receiving at least one panel (2) newly machined from the operating unit (3) and a raised position; and being characterised in that said first and second law of motion are different to each other during at least part of the movement of the lower loading surface (P2) between its lowered and raised positions. A feeding unit according to claim 1, wherein the lower loading surface (P2) is adapted to support a stack (14) of panels (2). A feeding unit according to claim 2, wherein the raised position of the upper unloading surface (P3) is a fixed position in said direction (11) at least until the depletion of the panels (2) of the stacks (14) arranged from time to time on the lower loading surface (P2). A feeding unit according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the upper unloading surface (P3) is mobile at least from its lowered position to its raised position under the bias of the lower loading surface (P2). A feeding unit according to claim 4 and further comprising first stop means (21) for stopping the upper unloading surface (P3) in its raised position. A feeding unit according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the upper unloading surface (P3) is mobile between its raised and lowered positions under the bias of the lower loading surface (P2). A feeding unit according to claim 6 and further comprising first stop means (21) for stopping the upper unloading surface (P3) in its raised position and second stop means (20) for stopping the upper unloading surface (P3) in its lowered position. A feeding unit according to any of the claims from 1 to 3, wherein said actuator means (15) comprise first actuator means (15) for moving the lower loading surface (P2) in the direction (11) between its lowered and raised positions and second actuator means independent from the first actuator means (15) for moving the upper unloading surface (P3) in the direction (11) between its lowered and raised positions. A feeding unit according to claim 2 or 3, wherein the upper unloading surface (P3) is mobile in the direction (11) to a further raised position arranged over said raised position to allow the feeding of a new stack (14) of panels (2) on the lower loading surface (P2) once the panels (2) of the stacks (14) arranged from time to time on the lower loading surface (P2) are depleted. A feeding unit according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the lowered position of the lower loading surface (P2) is a variable position in the direction (11). A feeding unit according to any of the preceding claims and further comprising transfer means (31) to transfer the panels (2) from the lower loading surface (P2) to the operating unit (3); the transfer means (31) being carried by the upper unloading surface (P3) to move in the direction (11) according to said second law of motion. A method for feeding panels (2) of wood or the like, the method comprising the steps of: loading at least one panel (2) to be machined over a lower loading surface (P2); transferring the panel (2) to be machined from the lower loading surface (P2) to an operating unit (3); transferring at least one machined panel (2) from the operating unit (3) to an upper unloading surface (P3) overlapping the lower loading surface (P2); moving the lower loading surface (P2) in a substantially vertical direction (11) between a lowered position and a raised position for feeding at least one panel (2) to be machined to the operating unit (3); moving the upper unloading surface (P3) in the direction (11) between a lowered position for receiving at least one machined panel (2) from the operating unit (3) and a raised position; and being characterised in that it further comprises the step of: moving the loading and unloading surfaces (P2, P3) between the corresponding lowered and raised positions with corresponding laws of motion, which are reciprocally different, at least during part of the movement of the lower loading surface (P2) between its lowered and raised positions. A method according to claim 12 and further comprising the step of: loading at least one stack of panels (2) to be machined over the lower loading surface (P2). A method according to claim 12 or 13 and further comprising the step of: moving the upper unloading surface (P3) again in the same raised position at least until the depletion of the panels (2) of the stacks (14) arranged from time to time on the lower loading surface (P2). A method according to one of the claims from 12 to 14 and further comprising the steps of: raising the lower loading surface (P2) in the direction (11) from its lowered position so as to engage the upper loading surface (P3); and further raising the lower loading surface (P2) so as to move the upper unloading surface (P3) from its lowered position to its raised position. A method according to claim 15 and further comprising the steps of: stopping the upper unloading surface (P3) in its raised position; and lowering the lower loading surface (P2) to its raised position. A method according to claim 16 and further comprising the steps of: raising the lower loading surface (P2) in the direction (11) from its raised position so as to engage the upper loading surface (P3); release the upper unloading surface (P3) from its raised position; and lowering the lower loading surface (P2) so as to move the upper unloading surface (P3) from its raised position to its lowered position. A method according to claim 17, and further comprising the steps of: stopping the upper unloading surface (P3) in its lowered position; and lowering the lower loading surface (P2) to its lowered position. A method according to one of the claims from 12 to 14 and further comprising the steps of: moving the lower loading surface (P2) in the direction (11) between its lowered and raised positions by means of a first actuating device (15); and moving the upper unloading surface (P3) in the direction (11) between its lowered and raised positions by means of a second actuating device (15) independent from the first actuating device (15). A method according to claim 13 or 14 and further comprising the steps of: moving the upper unloading surface (P3) in a further raised position arranged over its raised position; and feeding a new stack (14) of panels (2) on the lower loading surface (P2) once the stacks (14) arranged from time to time on the lower loading surface (P2) itself are depleted while maintaining the upper unloading surface (P3) in said further raised position. A method according to one of the claims 13, 14 or 20 and further comprising the step of: gradually increasing the height from the ground of the lowered position of the lower loading surface (P2) as the panels (2) of the stacks (14) arranged from time to time on the lower loading surface (P2) are fed to the operating unit (3). A method according to one of the claims from 12 to 21 and further comprising the steps of: transferring the panels (2) from the lower loading surface (P2) to the operating unit (3) by means of a transfer device (31); and moving the transfer device (31) in the direction (11) according to the same law of motion as the upper unloading surface (P3).






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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