OBJECT OF THE INVENTION
As stated in the title of this specification, the present
invention relates to a discharge device for cisterns or tanks equipped with a discharge
valve aimed at providing an optimum discharge of water through its overflow pipe
in the event of overflows caused by malfunctions in the operation of the cock used
to fill the cistern.
The overflow pipe has the purpose of evacuating the overflow
of water via its upper opening or edge towards the drain or lavatory.
An overflow is normally produced when the cistern filling
device breaks and fails to cut off the intake of water correctly.
It is therefore evident that the role of the overflow is
very important in order to prevent flooding.
PRIOR ART OF THE INVENTION
The regulations governing the performance of overflows
require a certain evacuation flow for the cistern for the cistern greater than the
To achieve this, overflow pipes are used with very large
diameters which impair the design and functionality of the discharge, or pipes with
a widened upper mouth in order to improve the inlet of water, also at the expense
of disturbing the design of the discharge device.
DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
With the aim of achieving the objectives and avoiding the
drawbacks mentioned above, the invention proposes a device adaptable preferably
to a cistern discharge for lavatories which is characterised in that it includes
a hollow body by way of an inverted vessel or a bell located in the upper part of
the overflow, precisely in correspondence with its opening through which the water
exits from the cistern towards the drain or lavatory when a certain level of water
is exceeded, this being an anomaly which occurs when the filling device is not working
correctly, thereby avoiding the exit of water over the top of the cistern.
This hollow body defines an enclosed chamber which is linked
solely with the interior of the overflow and, of course, with the drain or interior
of the lavatory.
Created between the side wall of the hollow body and an
upper portion of the overflow is a narrow annular space through which the water
passes to the overflow when an anomaly occurs in the filling of the cistern, in
such a way that at the moment in which the level of the water reaches that annular
zone, a hydraulic closure takes place, closing off the inner space of the hollow
body which will only be linked with the interior of the overflow, as referred to
The free edge of the hollow body could be located at the
same plane or level as the upper opening of the said overflow.
The incorporation of this hollow body, and its connection
to the overflow generating an annular space, provides a more powerful suction effect
which notably increases and improves the evacuation of water providing a better
drainage flow through the overflow.
Moreover, when the annular space is small, the possibility
has optionally been provided of making at least one radial hole in the side wall
of the hollow body in correspondence with the annular space.
With this device that is described, the suction produced
by the overflow pipe could be optimised, in such a way that even by reducing the
diameter of that pipe it will be guaranteed that sufficient quantity of water will
be able to be evacuated in order to obtain the desired evacuation flow.
If we bear in mind the molecular cohesion of the liquids,
then we successfully prevent the intake of water towards the interior of the overflow
pipe owing to the hydraulic closure mentioned above, with which we manage to get
the said overflow pipe to suck a constant zone of liquid and with very little or
negligible amount of air, ensuring an outlet flow through the lower part of the
overflow that is greater even than that for pipes of larger diameter.
Below, in order to facilitate a better understanding of
this specification and forming an integral part thereof, some figures are attached
in which, on an illustrative rather than limiting basis, the most characteristic
details of the invention have been represented.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED FORM OF EMBODIMENT
Figure 1.- Shows a view in sectioned elevation of an application of the device
to a cistern discharge for lavatories, forming the inventive object.
Figure 2.- Shows a schematic view of the device.
Considering the numbering adopted in the figures, the lavatory
cistern discharge device in principle comprises a unit with a conventional structure
1 which includes among its elements an overflow 2, whose upper opening or edge 3
leads to a closed chamber 4 defined by a hollow body by way of a bell 5, where a
portion of its wall is arranged externally around an upper portion of said overflow
2, thereby generating a narrow annular space 6 which may or may not be coaxial.
The possibility also exists of the annular space 6 having
a minimum height, or even no height, in other words, the upper opening 3 of the
overflow 2 and the free edge 7 of the hollow body 5 are arranged at the same height.
There is also the possibility that the hollow body 5 can
consist of an independent element, either associated with the overflow 2 or other
part of the discharge device, or it is an element attached to the actual overflow
forming an integral part thereof.
Another possibility is for the hollow body 5 to have a
height adjustment so that the height of the annular space 6 can be varied, along
with the internal volume 4 defined by the hollow body 5. In this way, the degree
of suction of the water when it exits through the overflow can be varied in order
to vary the exit of water through it.
In any case, when the coaxial space 6 is insufficient,
at least one auxiliary radial hole 8 has been provided in the side wall of the actual
bell 5 at a level below the maximum height which the water could reach, in order
to comply with the minimum evacuation requirements for the incoming flow. Moreover,
said hole 8 would act in parallel with the coaxial space 6 feeding water to the
opening 3 of the overflow 2.