PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1294003 10.01.2008
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001294003
Titel Kontaktanordnung für einen Vakuumschalter und Vakuumschalter mit einer solchen Kontaktanordnung
Anmelder Kabushiki Kaisha Meidensha, Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Nishijima, Akira, Tokyo 141-0032, JP;
Takebuchi, Hidemitsu, Tokyo 141-0032, JP;
Matsui, Yoshihiko, Tokyo 141-0032, JP
Vertreter Manitz, Finsterwald & Partner GbR, 80336 München
DE-Aktenzeichen 60223766
Vertragsstaaten DE, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 11.09.2002
EP-Aktenzeichen 020204442
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 19.03.2003
EP date of grant 28.11.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 10.01.2008
IPC-Hauptklasse H01H 33/66(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION: Field of the invention

The present invention relates to a contact arrangement for a vacuum interrupter (or called, a vacuum switch) according to the preamble of claim 1 as for instance known from DE 3 724 813 A .

Description of the related art

In order to improve a breaking capacity (or interruption performance) of such a kind of vacuum interrupter as described above, it is necessary to receive arc with a whole surface of each contact without a concentration of the arc developed in a gap between both of contacts during a power interruption on a single portion of each contact electrode.

A longitudinal magnetic field application system (viz., a technique of providing coil electrodes to apply a magnetic field in an axial direction parallel to an axis of the arc generated between a pair of contact electrodes during an interruption) has been adopted in such a vacuum interrupter as described above.

The generated arc is enclosed by the magnetic field when the longitudinal magnetic field is applied across the contact electrodes . A loss from an arc column of charge particles becomes reduced, the arc becomes stable, a temperature rise in the contact electrodes is suppressed, and the breaking capacity is improved.

A Japanese Patent Application Second (Examined) Publication No. Heisei 3-59531 published on September 10, 1991 (which corresponds to a United States Patent No. 4,620,074 issued on October 28, 1986 ) exemplifies a previously proposed vacuum switch in which the longitudinal magnetic field application system has been adopted. In the above-described Japanese Patent Application Second Publication, a hollow cylindrical contact carrier for supporting a contact plate having a cup depth is provided for each of a pair of cup-type contact electrode, the contact electrodes are arranged coaxially opposite to each other, and each contact carrier has a plurality of slots (or called, a plurality of slits) inclined in the same sense with respect to a longitudinal axis of each contact electrode. Then, a cup depth, the number of slots, and an azimuth angle of each of the slots are prescribed.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION:

However, if the previously proposed vacuum switch disclosed in the above-described Japanese Patent Application Second Publication, the arcs developed between the contact electrodes become unstable due to an insufficient magnetic flux density between the contact electrodes and, in worst case, the contact electrodes cannot interrupt the power. In addition, if the azimuth angle of each of the slits formed on the contact carrier is considerably widened, a mechanical strength of each contact electrode itself becomes insufficient. Then, if each contact electrode is deformed due to an operational force of opening (disconnecting) or closing (connecting) each contact electrode so that a voltage withstanding characteristic and a power interruption characteristic might be worsened.

It is, hence, an object of the present invention to provide a contact arrangement for a vacuum interrupter and vacuum interrupter using the contact arrangement in which the longitudinal magnetic field application system is adopted and which are favorable in the voltage withstanding characteristic and power interruption characteristic even if the diameter of each contact electrode and the separation distance therebetween are widened.

This object is achieved with a contact arrangement for a vacuum interrupter having the features of claim 1 or a vacuum interrupter having the features of claim 7.

Subclaims are directed to preferable embodiments.

This summary of the invention does not necessarily describe all necessary features so that the invention may also be a sub-combination of these described features.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:

Fig. 1 is a side view of a contact arrangement used for one of a pair of contact electrodes of a vacuum interrupter in a preferred embodiment according to the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the contact arrangement used for the one of the pair of contact electrodes of the vacuum interrupter shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is an explanatory view of azimuth angles on slits formed on the one of the pair of contact electrodes of the vacuum interrupter shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a partially cross sectional side view of the pair of contact electrodes when one of the pair of contact electrodes is opposed against the other of the pair of contact electrodes of the vacuum interrupter shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the pair of contact electrodes using the contact arrangement and which are mutually opposed against each other as shown in Fig. 4.

Fig. 6 is a rough configuration view of the vacuum interrupter in which the contact arrangement shown in Fig. 1 is used

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS:

Reference will hereinafter be made to the drawings in order to facilitate a better understanding of the present invention.

Fig. 1 shows a side view of one of a pair of contacts (a contact arrangement) to be used as a pair of contact electrodes of a vacuum interrupter according to the present invention. Fig. 2 shows a top view of the corresponding contact electrode shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 shows azimuth angles &bgr; and &ggr; in the case of one of the pair of contact electrodes shown in Fig. 2. Figs. 4 and 5 show the pair of contact electrodes mutually opposed against each other. A contact plate 2 is brazed to one end surface 1a of a hollow cylindrical contact carrier 1. A contact end plate 3 to which a lead rod (or called electrode rod) is to be connected is brazed to the other end surface 1b of contact carrier 1. In this embodiment, a ring-shaped fitting portion 3b is formed on a surface 3a of contact end plate 3. This ring-shaped fitting 3b is fitted and brazed to an inside of hollow cylindrical contact carrier 1. On end of a cylindrical reinforcement body 4 is fitted into and brazed to an inside surface of hollow cylindrical contact carrier 1. Contact plate 2 attached onto end surface 1a of contact carrier 1 is contacted against and brazed into the end surface of reinforcement body 4. In details, cylindrical reinforcement body 4 serves to reinforce contact plate 2 and contact carrier 1 so as to prevent these elements from being deformed. It is noted that each first and second slits 5 and 6 is extended from an outer surface of contact carrier 1 to an inner surface of contact carrier 1. It is also noted that each contact electrode is called a cup-shaped contact since hollow cylindrical contact carrier 1 and contact end plate 3 are combined to form, so-called, a cup.

A diameter D of contact carrier 1 is selected to a value in a range of 60 mm ≤ D ≤ 200 mm according to an interrupt current and voltage. This value range is based on a result of an interrupt current test. A length (cup depth) L of contact carrier 1 is set in a range of 0.2 D mm ≤ L ≤ D mm. This value is determined according to a tilt angle &agr; and azimuth angle &bgr; as will be described later. In addition, a wall thickness W of contact carrier 1 is set to a value in a range of 6 mm ≤ W ≤ 12 mm. This is a range determined with a mechanical strength of contact carrier or so on taken into consideration.

Wall thickness W of contact carrier 1 is uniform over a whole length (refer to Fig. 1). However, in a meaning of the reinforcement, a variation in a thickness value of a range of 6 mm ≤ W ≤ 12 mm may be set.

First slit 5 and second slit 6, each of which being tilted through an inclination angle (tilt angle) &agr; with respect to an axial line (axial direction) of contact carrier 1, are formed over a whole peripheral surface of contact carrier 1. In other words, each first slit 5 is opened on one end surface 1a of contact carrier 1. In Fig. 1, reference numeral 5a denotes an opening portion. Each second slit 6 is formed from other end surface 1b of contact carrier 1 to a predetermined point of midway (a middle point) through the axial direction of contact carrier 1. Each second slit 6 is opened on the other end surface 1b of contact carrier 1. In Fig. 1, reference numeral 6a denotes an opening portion. Azimuth angle &bgr; which is an opening angle with respect to a center 0 of contact carrier 1 of each arc-shaped slit 5, 6 is made constant. A portion of contact carrier 1 sandwiched between these slits 5 and 6 provide a coil portion. In other words, these coil portions are formed, viz., a first coil portion 7a is formed between mutually adjacent first slits 5, a second coil portion 7b is formed between first slit 5 and second slit 6, a third coil portion 7c is formed between mutually adjacent second slits 6. A total number of first and second slits is set in a range as 0.1 D/mm ≤ S ≤ 0.2 D/mm. Hence, the number of first and second slits 5 and 6 is half S. Tilt angle &agr; of each of first and second slits 5 and 6 is set to a value in a range of 60° ≤ &agr; ≤ 80°. This range is determined with a mechanical strength of contact carrier 1 and reduction in resistance taken into consideration. That is to say, in order to secure the mechanical strength and to reduce the resistance, a distance x (refer to Fig. 1) in a vertical direction between mutually adjacent slits 5, between first and second slits 5 and 6, and mutually adjacent slits 6 may approximately 7 to 18 mm. Then, tilt angle &agr; is set to a value in a range of 60° ≥ &agr; ≥ 80° according to diameter D of contact carrier 1 and the number of slits S.

Azimuth angle &bgr; of each slit 5 and 6 is set to a value in a range of (540/s)° ≤ &bgr; ≤ (1440/s)°. A reason of setting a lower limit value as (540/S)° is that a length of each coil portion is set to 1. 5 turn. If azimuth angle &bgr; is below this lower limit value, a magnetic flux of each coil portion becomes insufficient. A reason that an upper limit value of the above-described range is set to (1440/S)° is that a length of each coil portion is 4 turn. If the azimuth angle &bgr; is wider than the upper limit value described above, the resistance becomes excessively large and inconvenience due to an excessive heat thereon occurs. In addition, the mechanical strength of contact carrier 1 becomes lowered.

Each of first slit 5 is arranged in a mutually equal interval of distance to an adjacent one of first slits 5. Each of second slits 6 is also arranged in the mutually equal interval of distance to an adjacent one of second slits 6. A predetermined interval of angular distance &ggr; (also called azimuth angle and refer to Fig. 3) is provided in a circumferential direction of contact carrier 1 between each of first slits 5 and adjacent one of second slits 6. This azimuth angle &ggr; is set to a value in a range of (120/S)° ≤ &ggr; ≤(600/S)°. This range is determined in terms of the mechanical strength in contact carrier 1.

Since each slit 5 and 6 is shortened and the predetermined interval of distance (azimuth angle) &ggr; is formed between each of the first slits 5 and opposing one of second slits 6, a no-hollow column portion 1c (refer to Fig. 1) is formed between each of the first slits 5 and opposing one of the second slits. This column portion 1c serves to maintain the strength in the axial direction of contact carrier 1. In order words, although the strength in the axial direction of contact carrier 1 becomes low due to the provision of the slits in the circumferential direction, the provision of the column portion 1c between each of first slits 5 and second slits 6 serves to maintain the strength in the axial direction of contact carrier 1.

It is noted that a predetermined short range of each of first and second slits 5 and 6 in the axial direction of contact carrier 1 is slightly overlapped on each other. Each of end portions of second slits 6 may slightly (or shallowly) be exposed to a space of contact carrier 1 between mutually adjacent two of first slits 5 (as typically shown in Fig. 1 or Fig. 4). Straight line formed (third) slits 8 are formed on contact plate 2 as shown in Fig. 2. The number of straight line formed slits 8 is the same as that of first slits 5. An extended line passing through each of straight line formed slits 8 is deviated from center O of contact plate 2 so that straight line formed slits 8 are formed spirally as viewed from Fig. 2.

Contact plate 2 is attached onto contact carrier 1 in such a manner that ends 8a of straight line formed slits 8 located at the circumferential surface side of contact plate 2 are mated with corresponding opening portions 5a of first slits 5. That is to say, contact plate 2 is formed so that each slit 8 is connected with a corresponding one of first slits 5.

it is also noted that, in the above-described embodiment, contact end plate 3 is joined to the other end side of contact carrier 1. However, a portion corresponding to contact end plate 3 may integrally be formed in a cup shape. In this case, second slits 6 are formed with a position corresponding to an inner bottom surface of contact carrier as a reference position. It is noted that a depth (cup depth) of a cup shaped integrated article corresponds to a length L of contact carrier 1.

Fig. 6 shows a rough configuration of a vacuum interrupter constructed using the contact arrangement described above.

Two vacuum interrupter contacts 11 and 12 shown in Figs. 1 through 3 are opposed in the same axle with a predetermined gap (inter-contact distance) G provided as shown in Figs. 4 and 5 and are inserted within a vacuum vessel 13 so as to construct a vacuum interrupter 10. Inter-contact distance G is set in a range over 15 mm ≤ G s 100 mm determined empirically according to a voltage class to be applied across vacuum interrupter 10. Vacuum vessel 13 is constructed as follows: That is to say, both ends of an insulating envelope 14 made of a ceramic or glass are enclosed with end plates 15 and 16 each made of a metal, and an inside of insulating envelope 14 is evacuated in a high vacuum state. One contact 11 is fixed as a stationary electrode rod 17 fixed through one end plate 15 of vacuum vessel 13. The other contact 12 is fixed as a movable electrode to a tip of a movable electrode rod 19 movably disposed on a bellows 18. A shield plate 20 is disposed around contacts 11 and 12. In vacuum interrupter 10 described above, arc is developed between both of contacts 11 and 12 which are electrodes, during an interruption of the current. On the other hand, an arc current i is caused to flow from contact plate 2 into first coil portion 7a between each first slit 5 of contact carrier 1 and flow into second coil portion 7b between each first slit 5 and adjacent one of second slits 6, and into a third coil portion 7c between each second slit 6. The current flow through each coil portion 7a, 7b, and 7c causes a longitudinal magnetic field B to be developed. Since routes of arc currents are many and are long, a double magnetic field is developed as compared with a case wherein only first slits 5 are formed. Thus, the arcs can be stabilized. A favorable breaking performance can be obtained. It is noted that the current is not a flow denoted by a solid line in Fig. 1 but a flow on a bypass flow as denoted by a dot line shown in Fig. 1.

Next, vacuum interrupter 10 using the contact arrangement described above will be described below.

Vacuum interrupter 10 was manufactured with a dimension of each part of contacts 11 and 12 prescribed below. Outer diameter D of contact carrier 1 = 80 m. Length of contact carrier 1 = 27 mm. Number of slits S = 12 (one side 6). Tilt angle &agr; of each slit 5 and 6 = 70°. Azimuth angle &ggr; between each slit 5 and 6 = 30°. A wall thickness W of contact carrier 1 = 8.5 mm.

The magnetic flux density developed at a center portion of the vacuum interrupter when a pair of contacts 11 and 12 are mutually opposed with each other at a distance (inter-contact distance G) on the same axle of contacts 11 and 12 is 3.8 µT/A.

According to the embodiment of this vacuum interrupter, a rated interrupt current of 31.5 KA and a rated voltage of 72 kV were achieved.

Furthermore, as another preferred embodiment of the vacuum interrupter using the contact electrode according to the present invention, the vacuum interrupter having the following dimension was produced. Outer diameter D of contact carrier 1 = 90 mm. Length L of contact carrier 1 = 37 mm. Number of slits S = 12 (the number of slits of each contact is halved, i.e., 6). Azimuth angle &ggr; of each slit &agr; = 75°. Azimuth angle &bgr; of each slit = 13°. Wall thickness W of contact carrier 1 = 8.5 mm.

According to the embodiment of this vacuum interrupter according to the present invention, the magnetic flux density developed at a center portion of the vacuum interrupter is 30 µT/A. According to this vacuum interrupter, the breakage performance of rated voltage 72 kV - rated interrupt current of 40 KA was achieved.


Anspruch[de]
Kontaktanordnung für eine Vakuumunterbrechungseinrichtung, umfassend: einen hohlen zylinderförmigen Kontaktträger (1), an dessen einer Endfläche (1a) eine Kontaktplatte (2) befestigt ist; mehrere erste Schlitze (5), die an dem Kontaktträger (1) von der einen Endfläche (1a) des Kontaktträgers (1) aus ausgebildet sind; und mehrere zweite Schlitze (6), die an dem Kontaktträger (1) ausgebildet sind, wobei jeder der ersten (5) und zweiten (6) Schlitze in Bezug auf die axiale Richtung des Kontaktträgers (1) geneigt ist, einen Windungsabschnitt (7a, 7b, 7c), der an einem Abschnitt des hohlen zylinderförmigen Kontaktträgers (1) zwischen jedem der ersten (5) und zweiten (6) Schlitze und einem benachbarten der ersten (5) und zweiten (6) Schlitze ausgebildet ist, und ein längs laufendes Magnetfeld, das entlang der axialen Richtung des Kontaktträgers (1) durch einen Strom ausgebildet wird, der an dem Windungsabschnitt (7a, 7b, 7c) fließt, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass - jeder der ersten Schlitze (5) von der einen Endfläche (1a) des Kontaktträgers (1) zu einer jeweiligen ersten vorbestimmten Stelle einer Umfangslinie des Kontaktträgers (1) ausgebildet ist, wobei die Umfangslinie in der Mitte (1c) über eine axiale Richtung des Kontaktträgers (1) positioniert ist; und - jeder der zweiten Schlitze (6) von einer jeweiligen zweiten vorbestimmten Stelle der Umfangslinie, die in der Mitte über die axiale Richtung des Kontaktträgers (1) positioniert ist, zu der anderen Endfläche (1b) des Kontaktträgers (1) ausgebildet ist, wodurch, wenn angenommen wird, dass die Tiefe des Kontaktträgers (1) von der einen Endfläche (1a) des Kontaktträgers (1) zu der anderen Endfläche (1b) hiervon Eins ist, die Tiefe von der einen Endfläche (1a) des Kontaktträgers (1) zu den ersten vorbestimmten Stellen der Umfangslinie, die in der Mitte über die axiale Richtung des Kontaktträgers (1) positioniert ist, ungefähr gleich der Tiefe von den zweiten vorbestimmten Stellen der Umfangslinie, die in der Mitte über die axiale Richtung des Kontaktträgers (1) positioniert ist, zu der anderen Endfläche (1b) des Kontaktträgers (1) ist und ungefähr einhalb ist; und - der Windungsabschnitt umfasst: einen ersten Windungsabschnitt (7a), der an einem Abschnitt des Kontaktträgers (1) zwischen jedem der ersten Schlitze (5) und einem benachbarten der ersten Schlitze (5) ausgebildet ist; einen zweiten Windungsabschnitt (7b), der an einem Abschnitt des Kontaktträgers (1) zwischen jedem der ersten Schlitze (5) und einem benachbarten der zweiten Schlitze (6) ausgebildet ist; und einen dritten Windungsabschnitt (7c), der an einem Abschnitt des Kontaktträgers (1) zwischen jedem der zweiten Schlitze (6) und einem benachbarten der zweiten Schlitze (6) ausgebildet ist. Kontaktanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich jeder der zweiten Schlitze (6) an der anderen Endfläche (1b) des Kontaktträgers (1) erstreckt. Kontaktanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich mehrere geradlinige dritte Schlitze (8), die jeweils mit einem entsprechenden der ersten Schlitze (5) an der einen Endfläche (1a) des Kontaktträgers (1) verbunden sind, spiralförmig an einer Fläche der Kontaktplatte (2) erstrecken. Kontaktanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei, wenn ein Außendurchmesser D der Kontaktplatte (2) 60 mm ≤ D ≤ 200 mm beträgt, eine Länge L der Kontaktplatte (2) auf einen Wert in einem Bereich von 0,2 D mm ≤ L ≤ D mm gesetzt wird, die Anzahl der ersten (5) und zweiten (6) Schlitze S auf einem Wert in einem Bereich von 0,1 D/mm ≤ S ≤ 0,2 D/mm gesetzt wird, ein Neigungswinkel &agr; jedes der ersten (5) und zweiten (6) Schlitze in Bezug auf die axiale Richtung des Kontaktträgers (1) auf einen Wert in einem Bereich von 60° ≤ &agr; ≤ 80° gesetzt wird, ein Azimutwinkel &bgr; jedes der ersten (5) und zweiten (6) Schlitze auf einen Wert in einem Bereich von (540/S)° ≤ &bgr;≤ (1440/S)° gesetzt wird, und ein Azimutwinkel &ggr; zwischen jedem der ersten Schlitze (5) und einem benachbarten der zweiten Schlitze (6) auf einen Wert in einem Bereich von (120/S)° ≤ &ggr; ≤ (600/S)° gesetzt wird. Kontaktanordnung nach Anspruch 4, wobei eine Wanddicke W des Kontaktträgers (1) in einem Bereich von 6 mm ≤ W ≤ 12 mm gesetzt wird. Kontaktanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich die ersten (5) und zweiten (6) Schlitze zwischen einer Außenfläche des Trägers (1) und einer Innenfläche hiervon erstrecken, und entlang der Innenfläche des Kontaktträgers (1) ein hohler zylinderförmiger Verstärkungskörper (4) angebracht ist. Vakuumunterbrechungseinrichtung mit einem Paar von Kontaktelektroden (11, 12), die durch jeweilige Elektrodenstäbe (17, 19) auf der gleichen Achse in einer evakuierten Hülle auf eine Weise angeordnet sind, um sich zu verbinden oder zu trennen, wobei mindestens eine Kontaktelektrode (11, 12) als die Kontaktanordnung nach einem der vorangehenden Ansprüche ausgebildet ist. Vakuumunterbrechungseinrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei eine Distanz G zwischen jeder des Paars von Kontaktelektroden (11, 12) auf einen Wert in einem Bereich von 15 mm ≤ G ≤ 100 mm gesetzt wird, wenn das Paar von Elektroden (11, 12) getrennt ist.
Anspruch[en]
A contact arrangement for a vacuum interrupter, comprising: a hollow cylindrical contact carrier (1) on one end surface (1a) of which a contact plate (2) is attached; a plurality of first slits (5) formed on the contact carrier (1) from the one end surface (1a) of the contact carrier (1); and a plurality of second slits (6) formed on the contact carrier (1), each of the first (5) and second (6) slits being tilted with respect to the axial direction of the contact carrier(1), a coil portion (7a, 7b, 7c) being formed on a portion of the hollow cylindrical contact carrier (1) between each of the first (5) and second (6) slits and an adjacent one of the first (5) and second (6) slits, and a longitudinal magnetic field being formed along the axial direction of the contact carrier (1) by a current flowing on the coil portion (7a, 7b, 7c), characterized in that - each of the first slits (5) is formed from the one end surface (1a) of the contact carrier (1) to a respective first predetermined point of a circumferential line of the contact carrier (1), the circumferential line being positioned midway (1c) through an axial direction of the contact carrier (1); and - each of the second slits (6) is formed from a respective second predetermined point of said circumferential line positioned midway through the axial direction of the contact carrier (1) to the other end surface (1b) of the contact carrier (1), whereby, when the depth of the contact carrier (1) from the one end surface (1a) of the contact carrier (1) to the other end surface (1b) thereof is assumed to be one, the depth from the one end surface (1a) of the contact carrier (1) to the first predetermined points of the circumferential line positioned midway through the axial direction of the contact carrier (1) is approximately equal to the depth from the second predetermined points of said circumferential line positioned midway through the axial direction of the contact carrier (1) to the other end surface (1b) of the contact carrier (1) and is approximately equal to one-half; and - the coil portion comprises: a first coil portion (7a) formed on a portion of the contact carrier (1) between each of the first slits (5) and an adjacent one of the first slits (5); a second coil portion (7b) formed on a portion of the contact carrier (1) between each of the first slits (5) and an adjacent one of the second slits (6); and a third coil portion (7c) formed on a portion of the contact carrier (1) between each of the second slits (6) and an adjacent one of the second slits (6). A contact arrangement as claimed in claim 1, wherein each of the second slits (6) is extended on the other end surface (1b) of the contact carrier (1). A contact arrangement as claimed in claim 1, wherein a plurality of straight line third slits (8), each connected to a corresponding one of the first slits (5) at the one end surface (1a) of the contact carrier (1), are extended spirally on a surface of the contact plate (2). A contact arrangement as claimed in claim 1, wherein, when an outer diameter D of the contact plate (2) is 60 mm ≤ D≤ 200 mm, a length L of the contact plate (2) is set to a value in a range of 0.2 D mm≤ L≤ D mm, the number of the first (5) and second (6) slits S is set to a value in a range of 0.1 D/mm ≤ S ≤ 0.2 D/mm, a tilt angle &agr; of each of the first (5) and second (6) slits with respect to the axial direction of the contact carrier (1) is set to a value in a range of 60≤ &agr; ≤ 80°, an azimuth angle &bgr; of each of the first (5) and second (6) slits is set to a value in a range of (540/S)° ≤ &bgr; ≤ (1440/S)°, and an azimuth angle &ggr; between each of the first slits (5) and adjacent one of the second slits (6) is set to a value in a range of (120/8)° ≤ &ggr; ≤ (600/S)°. A contact arrangement as claimed in claim 4, wherein a wall thickness W of the contact carrier (1) is set in a range of 6 mm ≤ W ≤ 12 mm. A contact arrangement as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first (5) and second (6) slits are extended between an outside surface of the carrier (1) and an inner surface thereof and a hollow cylindrical reinforcement body (4) is mounted along the inner surface of the contact carrier (1). A vacuum interrupter having a pair of contact electrodes (11, 12) arranged on the same axis in an evacuated envelope in a manner to connect or disconnect with each other by respective electrode rods (17, 19), wherein at least one contact electrode (11, 12) is formed as the contact arrangement according to one of the preceding claims. A vacuum interrupter as claimed in claim 7, wherein a distance G between each of the pair of contact electrodes (11, 12) when the pair of electrodes (11, 12) are disconnected is set to a value in a range of 15 mm ≤ G ≤ 100 mm.
Anspruch[fr]
Agencement de contact pour un interrupteur sous vide, comprenant : un porte-contact cylindrique creux (1) sur une surface terminale (1a) duquel est attachée une plaque de contact (2) ; une pluralité de premières fentes (5) formées sur le porte-contact (1) depuis ladite surface terminale (1a) du porte-contact (1) ; et une pluralité de secondes fentes (6) formées sur le porte-contact (1), chacune des premières (5) et des secondes (6) fentes étant inclinée par rapport à la direction axiale du porte-contact (1), une portion en spirale (7a, 7b, 7c) étant formée sur une portion du porte-contact cylindrique creux (1) entre chacune des premières (5) et secondes (6) fentes et une fente adjacente des premières (5) et secondes (6) fentes, et un champ magnétique longitudinal étant formé le long de la direction axiale du porte-contact (1) par un courant s'écoulant sur la portion en spirale (7a, 7b, 7c), caractérisé en ce que : - chacune des premières fentes (5) est formée depuis ladite surface terminale (1a) du porte-contact (1) jusqu'à un premier point prédéterminé respectif d'une ligne circonférentielle du porte-contact (1), la ligne circonférentielle étant positionnée à mi-chemin (1c) à travers une direction axiale du porte-contact (1) ; et - chacune des secondes fentes (6) est formée depuis un second point prédéterminé respectif de ladite ligne circonférentielle positionnée à mi-chemin à travers la direction axiale du porte-contact (1) jusqu'à l'autre surface terminale (1b) du porte-contact (1), grâce à quoi, quand la profondeur du porte-contact (1) depuis la première surface terminale (1a) du porte-contact (1) jusqu'à l'autre surface terminale (1b) de celui-ci est supposée égale à un, la profondeur depuis la première surface terminale (1a) du porte-contact (1) jusqu'au premier point prédéterminé de la ligne circonférentielle positionnée à mi-chemin à travers la direction axiale du porte-contact (1) est approximativement égale à la profondeur depuis les seconds points prédéterminés de ladite ligne circonférentielle positionnée à mi-chemin à travers la direction axiale du porte-contact (1) jusqu'à l'autre surface terminale (1b) du porte-contact (1) et est approximativement égale à la moitié ; et - la portion en spirale comprend: une première portion en spirale (7a) formée sur une portion du porte-contact (1) entre chacune des premières fentes (5) et une fente adjacente parmi les premières fentes (5) ; une seconde portion en spirale (7b) formée sur une portion du porte-contact (1) entre chacune des premières fentes (5) et une fente adjacente parmi les secondes fentes (6) ; et une troisième portion en spirale (7c) formée sur une portion du porte-contact (1) entre chacune des secondes fentes (6) et une fente adjacente parmi les secondes fentes (6). Agencement de contact selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chacune des secondes fentes (6) est étendue sur l'autre surface terminale (1b) du porte-contact (1). Agencement de contact selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une pluralité de troisièmes fentes en ligne droite (8), connectées chacune à une fente correspondante des premières fentes (5) à la première surface terminale (1a) du porte-contact (1), s'étendent en spirale sur une surface de la plaque de contact (2). Agencement de contact selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, quand un diamètre extérieur D de la plaque de contact (2) est tel que 60 mm ≤ D ≤ 200 mm, une longueur L de la plaque de contact (2) est fixée à une valeur dans une plage 0,2 D mm ≤ L ≤ D mm, le nombre des premières (5) et des secondes (6) fentes S est fixé à une valeur dans une plage de 0,1 D/mm ≤ S ≤ 0,2 D/mm, un angle d'inclinaison &agr; de chacune des premières (5) et des secondes (6) fentes par rapport à la direction axiale du porte-contact (1) est fixé à une valeur dans une plage de 60° ≤ &agr; ≤ 80°, un angle azimutal &bgr; de chacune des premières (5) et des secondes (6) fentes est fixé à une valeur dans une plage de (540/S)° ≤ &bgr; ≤ (1440/S)°, et un angle azimutal &ggr; entre chacune des premières fentes (5) et une fente adjacente parmi les secondes fentes (6) est fixé à une valeur dans une plage de (120/S)° ≤ &ggr; ≤ (600/S)°. Agencement de contact selon la revendication 4, dans lequel une épaisseur de paroi W du porte-contact (1) est fixée dans une plage de 6 mm ≤ W ≤ 12 mm. Agencement de contact selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les premières (5) et les secondes (6) fentes s'étendent entre une surface extérieure du porte-contact (1) et une surface intérieure de celui-ci, et un corps de renforcement cylindrique creux (4) est monté le long de la surface intérieure du porte-contact (1). Interrupteur sous vide ayant une paire d'électrodes de contact (11, 12) agencées sur le même axe dans une enveloppe évacuée, de manière à venir se connecter ou se déconnecter l'une et l'autre par des tiges d'électrodes respectives (17, 19), dans lequel au moins une électrode de contact (11, 12) est formée comme un agencement de contact selon l'une des revendications précédentes. Interrupteur sous vide selon la revendication 7, dans lequel une distance G entre chacune des électrodes de la paire d'électrodes de contact (11, 12), quand la paire d'électrodes (11, 12) sont déconnectées, est fixée à une valeur dans une plage de 15 mm ≤ G ≤ 100 mm.






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