PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1406107 10.01.2008
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001406107
Titel Verfahren und Vorrichtung zum Halten eines Spiegels und Spiegelaustauschverfahren
Anmelder Canon K.K., Tokio/Tokyo, JP
Erfinder Miyachi, Takeshi, Ohta-ku, Tokyo, JP;
Miyake, Akira, Ohta-ku, Tokyo, JP
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60317748
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, NL
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 10.09.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 030206130
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 07.04.2004
EP date of grant 28.11.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 10.01.2008
IPC-Hauptklasse G02B 7/182(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP
IPC-Nebenklasse G03F 7/20(2006.01)A, L, I, 20051017, B, H, EP   

Beschreibung[en]

The present invention relates generally to optically systems and exposure apparatuses, and more particularly a mechanism and to a method for retaining a mirror used in an exposure apparatus. The present invention is suitable, for example, for an illumination optical system and projection exposure apparatus using an extreme ultraviolet ("EUV") region having a wavelength of 200 nm to 10 nm or an X-ray region.

Reduction projection exposures using ultraviolet have been conventionally employed to manufacture such a fine semiconductor device as a semiconductor memory and a logic circuit in photolithography technology. The critical dimension to be transferred by the reduction projection exposure is proportionate to a wavelength of light used for transfer, and inversely proportionate to the numerical aperture ("NA") of a projection optical system. In order to transfer a finer circuit pattern, a shorter wavelength of used ultraviolet ("UV") light has been promoted from an ultra-high pressure mercury lamp i-line with a wavelength of about 365 nm to KrF excimer laser with a wavelength of about 248 nm and ArF excimer laser with a wavelength of about 193 nm.

However, the lithography using the UV light has the limit to satisfy rapidly promoting fine processing of a semiconductor device, and a reduction projection exposure apparatus using EUV light with a wavelength of about 10 to 15 nm much shorter than that of the ultraviolet has been developed to efficiently transfer a very fine circuit pattern of 0.1 µm or less.

The EUV light source uses, for example, a laser plasma light source. The laser plasma light source irradiates a highly intensified pulse laser beam to a target in a vacuum chamber, and generates high-temperature plasma, emitting EUV light with a wavelength of about 13 nm. The target uses a metallic thin film, inert gas, droplet, etc., and is supplied to the vacuum chamber by such means as a gas jet. In order to raise an average intensity of the emitted EUV light, the pulse laser preferably has a higher repetitive frequency, and is usually driven by the repetitive frequency of several kHz.

Absorption in an object of EUV light region is so large that a refraction optical system that uses a lens may lower throughput, while it is usually used for visual light and UV light. Therefore, exposure apparatuses that use EUV light usually include a catoptric optical system. For example, isotropically emitted EUV light from the laser plasma is then condensed by a first condenser mirror in an illumination optical system, and emitted to the next mirror to illuminate a mask.

The laser plasma light source generates not only the EUV light, but also flying particles called debris, which causes contamination, damages and lowered reflectance of an optical element. While some methods have been disclosed, for example, in document JP-A-2000-349009 , which prevent debris from reaching an optical element from the target, there has not been proposed a method for effectively preventing debris from reaching the first stage mirror, particularly close to the target, in the illumination optical system. As a result, the debris adheres to a surface on the first mirror and lowers its reflectance over exposure time. The first mirror should thus be replaced regularly when the reflectance lowers down to a certain level. A method for facilitating an exchange and maintenance of the mirror has been proposed, for example, in documents JP-A-5-100096 and JP-A-7-174896 (corresponding to document US-A-5,448,612 and US-A-5,572,563 ).

A description will be given of a conventional mirror replacement method proposed in document JP-A-5-100096 , with reference to FIGS. 9 and 10. Here, FIG. 9 is a schematic partial section of a vacuum chamber that accommodates an illumination system of an exposure apparatus. FIG. 10 is a flowchart for explaining a conventional mirror replacement method. A first mirror 4 is retained by a mirror holder 2 fixed in a vacuum chamber 1 that accommodates an illumination system of an exposure apparatus. The vacuum chamber 1 has an openable door 6. A water cooling tube 8 is connected to the mirror holder 2 and cools it. The water cooling tube 8 is connected to the door 6, and receives cooling water from the outside of the door 6.

In exchanging the mirror 4, the vacuum chamber 1 is returned to the atmospheric pressure (step 1002), the door 6 is opened (step 1004), and the water cooling tube 8 is dismounted from the door 6 (step 1006). Then, a hand is inserted from the door 6, and the mirror 4 is dismounted from the mirror holder 2 (step 1008), a new mirror 4 is mounted onto the mirror holder 2 and its reflective surface is optically and mechanically positioned (step 1010). Then, the water cooling tube 8 is attached to the door 6 (step 1012), and the door 6 is shut (step 1014), followed by the step of drawing a vacuum (step 1016). Thus, the conventional exchange of the mirror 4 requires a large maintenance space in the exposure apparatus and a long maintenance time, disadvantageously lowering exposure throughput and contaminating mirrors, such as an illumination optical system, and the chamber 1 due to a long opening time of the vacuum chamber 1.

Document JP-A-7-174896 discloses a mirror retaining method that uses part of a mirror for a partition of the vacuum chamber. This method may shorten an exchange time, because when the mirror is attached to the vacuum chamber, the mirror itself is simultaneously positioned. However, actually, the vacuum chamber is likely to deform and the mirror also undesirably deforms along with a deformation of a wall surface of the vacuum chamber after the mirror is positioned by attaching it to the chamber. A mechanism for retaining and positioning a mirror in a vacuum chamber having a wall with an opening, comprising the features summarized in the preamble of claim 1 is known from document DE-A-40 07 622 . This document does not explicitly disclose that the chamber having the wall is a vacuum chamber. However, the chamber disclosed in this document can be assumed to be evacuated.

In the known mechanism, the coupling means for elastically connecting the mirror to the lid comprises an elastic ring extending along the edge of the mirror and located directly between the mirror and the lid. The coupling means furthermore comprises an O-ring for holding the mirror to the lid. The mount of the known mechanism is a ring like structure having a supporting surface against which a reflecting surface of the mirror is pressed by the elastic forces exerted by the elastic ring.

Due to the design of the known mechanism, the mirror might be deformed when it is pressed against the supporting surface of the mount so that the positioning accuracy of the mirror is impaired. Moreover, when the mirror is to be exchanged, foreign particles on the supporting surface might further impair the positioning accuracy.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a mechanism for retaining and positioning a mirror which facilitates an exchange of the mirror and achieves a high positioning accuracy of the mirror in the vacuum chamber. Furthermore, it is an object of the present invention to provide a method for retaining and positioning a mirror, a method for exchanging a mirror, and an illumination apparatus, an exposure apparatus and a device fabrication method comprising and using, respectively, the improved mechanism.

According to the invention, the first-mentioned object is achieved by the mechanism defined in claim 1. The further object is achieved by the subject-matters of claims 6 to 8, 10 and 11.

Advantageous further developments of the invention are defined in the dependent claims.

The devices manufactured by the device fabrication method of the present invention cover devices as intermediate and final products. Such devices include semiconductor chips like an LSI and VLSI, CCDs, LCDs, magnetic sensors, thin film magnetic heads, and the like.

The objects and features of the present invention will become readily apparent from the following description of the preferred embodiments with reference to accompanying drawings.

  • FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional view showing a mechanism for retaining and exchanging a mirror of a first embodiment according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the mechanism shown in FIG. 1.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic sectional view showing a mechanism for retaining and exchanging a mirror of a second embodiment according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the mechanism shown in FIG. 3.
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic plane view of an exposure apparatus according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a flowchart showing an inventive method for exchanging a mirror.
  • FIG. 7 is a flowchart for explaining how to fabricate devices (such as semiconductor chips such as ICs and LSIs, LCDs, CCDs, and the like).
  • FIG. 8 is a flowchart for Step 4 that is a wafer process shown in FIG. 7.
  • FIG. 9 is a schematic sectional view for explaining a conventional mirror retaining mechanism.
  • FIG. 10 is a flowchart showing a conventional method for exchanging a mirror shown in FIG. 9.

A description will now be given of an exemplary exposure apparatus 100 of one embodiment according to the present invention, with reference to accompanying drawings. In each figure, the same reference numeral denotes the same element. FIG. 5 is a schematic plane view of the exposure apparatus 100. The exposure apparatus 100 is an exposure apparatus that uses EUV light (e.g., with a wavelength of 13.4 nm) as exposure light for step-and-scan exposure.

Referring to FIG. 5, the exposure apparatus includes a vacuum chamber 110, an illumination optical system 120, a catoptric reticle or mask 150, an alignment optical system 160, a projection optical system 170, a reticle stage 154, a wafer stage 184, an EUV light source 200, and accommodates the illumination optical system 120, 184 and the elements and systems therebetween the wafer stage in the vacuum chamber 110.

The EUV light source 200 uses, for example, a laser plasma light source. The laser plasma light source irradiates a highly intensified pulse laser beam from pulsed laser 204 through a condenser lens 205 to a target 203 supplied by a target supply unit 202 accommodated in the vacuum chamber 110, thus generating high-temperature plasma 206 for use as EUV light with a wavelength of about 13 nm emitted from this. The target 203 uses a metallic thin film, inert gas, droplet, etc., and is supplied to the vacuum chamber 110 by the target supply unit 202 such as a gas jet. In order to raise an average intensity of the emitted EUV light, the pulsed laser 204 preferably has a higher repetitive frequency, and is usually driven by the repetitive frequency of several kHz. Alternatively, a discharge plasma light source is used, which discharges gas around an electrode arranged in the vacuum chamber 110, applies pulsed voltage at the electrode to create discharge, and generates high-temperature plasma 206, from which the EUV light is emitted, for example, with a wavelength of about 13 nm.

The illumination optical system 120 propagates the EUV light, and illuminates the mask (reticle) 150. The illumination optical system 120 includes first to third mirrors 122, 126 and 128, an optical integrator124, and an aperture 127. The first mirror 122 collects approximately isotropically emitted EUV light. A multilayer film is made of alternately layered, two types of materials having different optical constants, such as molybdenum (Mo) and silicone (Si). For example, a Mo layer has a thickness of about 2 nm, and a Si layer has a thickness of about 5 nm. The number of layers is about 20 pairs. An addition of two thicknesses of two types of materials is referred to as a film period. In the above example, the film period is 2 nm + 5 nm = 7 nm. The multilayer film that includes layered 20 pairs exhibits reflectance close to 70 % in the EUV area, each pair having a film thickness of about 7 nm. A method for retaining and exchanging this mirror is applied to an exchange of this mirror. The optical integrator 124 serves to evenly illuminate the reticle 150 with a predetermined NA. The aperture 127 is provided at a position conjugate with the reticle 150 in the illumination optical system 120, and limits an area to illuminate the reticle 150 to an arc shape.

A retention and exchange mechanism of the mirror 122 includes, as shown in FIGs. 1 and 2, a flange 114 provided on a wall 112 of the vacuum chamber 110 so that the flange 114 may open and close, a cooling mechanism 130 for the mirror 122, elastic columns (elastic members) 140, fixing shafts 142, and a kinematic mount 146. Here, FIGs. 1 and 2 are schematic sectional and perspective views for explaining the retention and exchange mechanism for the mirror 122.

The flange 114 serves as a lid provided on the wall 112 of vacuum chamber 110, and is sealed by an O-ring 118 when it is closed. The O-ring 118 may maintain the atmosphere in the vacuum chamber 110 airtight. A metal ring or conflate would be used for higher vacuum.

The cooling mechanism 130 includes a cooling plate 132, a pair of water cooling tubes 134, a pair of water cooling tubes 136, and a seal 138. The cooling plate 132 is adhered to the mirror 122, and cools the mirror 122 using heat conduction. Coolant, e.g., cooling water is supplied to the cooling plate 132 by the water cooling tubes 134 and 136. The water cooling tubes 134 and 136 are connected to a channel 115 in the flange 114. Cold water is supplied from one of the water cooling tubes 134 and 136, and drained from the other through the cooling plate 132. For instance, cold water is supplied from the upper water cooling tubes 134 and 136, and drained from the lower water cooling tubes 134 and 136. Each water cooling tube 134 is formed as a flexible tube compatible with high vacuum to be flexible to movements to some extent. A channel for coolant formed in the cooling plate 132 may use any shape known in the art, and a detailed description will be omitted.

The cooling plate 132 and water cooling tubes 134 are provided between the mirror 122 and flange 114, and may be introduced into and taken out of the vacuum chamber 110 with the mirror 122 when the flange 114 opens and closes. It is convenient that the mirror 122 is made replaceable without dismounting the water cooling tubes 134.

The flange 114 is connected to three elastic columns 140 through projections 116. Each elastic column 140 elastically supports the mirror 122 via one of the fixing shafts 142. Each elastic column 140 is made of a coil spring in the instant embodiment, which supports weights of the mirror 122 and cooling plate 132 and forces them toward a light source direction. Alternatively, the elastic column 140 may use a spring, other than a coil spring, which applies a compression force in the light source direction, and a vacuum-compatible direct acting cylinder. Although the instant embodiment couples the elastic columns 140 to the mirror 122 via the cooling plate 132 connected to the mirror 122, the elastic columns 140 may be directly coupled to the mirror 122 as in another embodiment which will be described later with reference to FIGs. 3 and 4. Since the elastic columns 140 couple the flange 114 to the mirror 122, the mirror 122 is taken out of the vacuum chamber 110 when the flange 114 opens and introduced into the vacuum chamber 110 when the flange 114 closes. Advantageously, one action serves as plural functions, and shortens an exchange time. In addition, the elastic columns 140 enable the mirror 122 to be softly positioned.

Three fixing shafts 142 each having a hemispheric tip 144 are fixed onto the cooling plate 132 through three connection parts 143. The three fixing shafts 142 have the same shape and are arranged at an interval of 120° around the cooling plate 132. Irrespective of this same shape, tip shapes of members 146a to 146c that are engaged with them are different, as distinguished in FIG. 2. The fixing shafts 142 are positioned relative to the mirror 122 so as to provide joints that maintain distances from the spherical tips 144 to the mirror 122 surface and relative arrangement among them. While these joints that maintain distances and arrangement require a special jig, these joints reproduce positions without specific optical adjustments in exchanging a mirror, and improve workability.

The kinematic mount 146 includes the three cylindrical members (mount members) 146a to 146c having different shaped tips. Referring to FIG. 2, the member 146a has a cone groove tip, the member 146b has a sectionally V-shaped tip, and the member 146c has a flat shaped tip. The members 146a to 146c restrain the fixing shafts 142 so that the member 146a restrains three axes, the member 146b restrains two axes, and the member 146c restrains one axis. Thus, the members 146a to 146c restrain the fixing shafts 142 having hemispherical tips 144 with respect to six axes, and positions the fixing shafts 142. When the fixing shafts 142 are brought into contact with the kinematic mount 146, the mirror 122 is fixed more easily and quickly than fixed by other fixing means, such as a bolt.

If necessary, known debris removing means may be provided between the high-temperature plasma 206 and the mirror 122. A laser plasma method may be used that uses a metal target, such Cu, formed into a tape that uses a metal target, such as Cu, formed into a tape shape, and feeds the tape by a reel to use a new surface. The light source 200 may use a discharge method, such as Z pinch method, a plasma focus, a capillary discharge, and hollow cathode triggered Z pinch.

FIGs. 3 and 4 show a variation of FIGs. 1 and 2. Here, FIGs. 3 and 4 are schematic sectional and perspective views for explaining another retention and exchange mechanism of the mirror 122. According to the retention and exchange mechanism of the instant embodiment, the connection parts 143 are replaced with connection parts 148 connected to the mirror 122. Fixing shafts 147 correspond to fixing shafts 142, and tips 149 correspond to the tips 144. This configuration may relatively easily maintain distances and arrangement from the hemispherical tips 149 of the three shafts 147 to the mirror 122 surface, and improve precision by dispensing with the cooling plate 132. Although FIGS. 3 and 4 show the cooling plate 132, the cooling plate 132 may be omitted when a heat problem is solved. Thus, the inventive effects of facilitating an exchange and retention of the mirror 122 may be maintained even when the connection parts 148 are coupled to the mirror 122.

The projection optical system 170 includes a projection system first mirror 172, a projection system second mirror 174, a projection system third mirror 176, and a projection system fourth mirror 178, and images a pattern on a wafer surface. While the use efficiency of the EUV light improves as the number of mirrors reduces, a correction to aberration becomes difficult. The number of mirrors necessary to correct aberration is from about four to about six. The mirrors have a convex or concave spherical or aspheric reflective surface. NA is about 0.1 to about 0.2. The mirrors are formed by polishing and grinding a plate made of a material having high rigidity and hardness and a small coefficient of thermal expansion, such as low-expansion glass and silicon carbide, and creating a predetermined reflective shape, and forming a multilayer, such as molybdenum / silicon, on its reflective surface.

The reticle stage 154 and the wafer stage 184 each include a mechanism for scanning synchronously at a speed ratio in proportion to a reduction ratio. Here, "X" is a scan direction in the reticle 150 surface or the wafer 180 surface, "Y" is a direction perpendicular to "X", and "Z" is a direction perpendicular to the reticle 150 surface or the wafer 180 surface.

The reticle 150 forms a desired pattern and is held on a reticle chuck 152 on the reticle stage 154. The reticle stage 154 has a mechanism for moving in the direction X, and a fine adjustment mechanism in the directions X, Y, Z, and rotational directions around each axis for positioning the reticle 150. A position and orientation of the reticle stage 154 are measured by a laser interferometer, and controlled based on the measurement results.

The wafer 180 is held onto the wafer stage 184 by the wafer chuck 182. Similar to the reticle stage 154, the wafer stage 184 has a mechanism for moving in the direction X, and a fine adjustment mechanism in the directions X, Y, Z, and rotational directions around each axis for positioning the wafer 180. The position and orientation of the wafer stage 184 are measured by a laser interferometer, and controlled based on the measurement results.

The alignment detection optical system 160 measures a positional relationship between the position of the reticle 150 and the optical axis of the projection optical system 170, and a positional relationship between the position of the wafer 180 and the optical axis of the projection optical system 170, and sets positions and angles of the reticle stage 154 and the wafer stage 184 so that a projected image of the reticle 150 may be positioned in place on the wafer 180. A focus detection optical system 165 measures a focus position in the direction Z on the wafer 180 surface, and control over a position and angle of the wafer stage 184 may always maintain the wafer 180 surface at an imaging position of the projection optical system 170 during exposure.

Once a scan exposure finishes on the wafer 180, the wafer stage 184 moves stepwise in the directions X and Y to the next start position for scan exposure, and the reticle stage 154 and the wafer stage 184 synchronously scan in the direction X at a speed ratio in proportion to the reduction ratio of the projection optical system.

While the reduced, projected image of the reticle 150 is thus formed on the wafer 180, synchronously scanning between them is repeated (step-and-scan manner). As a result, a transferred pattern on the reticle 150 is transferred onto the whole area of the wafer 180.

In order to prevent gas from absorbing the EUV light, and to prevent those molecules including carbon which remain in the space that accommodates an optical element onto which the EUV light is irradiated, the space that propagates the EUV light and accommodates the optical element should be maintained at a certain reduced pressure. In other words, the light source, optical elements of illumination optical system 120 and projection optical system 170, reticle 150 and wafer 180 are accommodated in the vacuum chamber 110, which is exhausted to meet predetermined degree of vacuum.

A description will now be given of an inventive mirror exchange method. Here, FIG. 6 is a flowchart for explaining the inventive mirror exchange method. First, the vacuum chamber 110 is opened to the atmospheric pressure (step 502), and the mirror 122 is taken out of the chamber 110 simultaneous with opening of the flange 114 (step 504). Then, the mirror 122 is exchanged (step 506). Next follows closing of the flange 114 simultaneous with introduction of the mirror 122 into the vacuum chamber 110 and positioning using the above positioning mechanism (144 and 146 etc.) (step 508). The last step draws a vacuum in the vacuum chamber 110 (step 510). According to this method, the steps 504 and 508 serve as two or more actions, and enable an exchange of the mirror 122 to end in a shorter time than the conventional arrangement that performs these actions separately. While FIGs. 1 and 2 show a perpendicular structure, the present invention may achieve similar effects even in a horizontal arrangement.

Referring now to FIGs. 7 and 8, a description will be given of an embodiment of a device fabricating method using the above exposure apparatus. FIG. 7 is a flowchart for explaining a fabrication of devices (i.e., semiconductor chips such as IC and LSI, LCDs, CCDs, etc.). Here, a description will be given of a fabrication of a semiconductor chip as an example. Step 1 (circuit design) designs a semiconductor device circuit. Step 2 (mask fabrication) forms a mask having a designed circuit pattern. Step 3 (wafer preparation) manufactures a wafer using materials such as silicon. Step 4 (wafer process), which is referred to as a pretreatment, forms actual circuitry on the wafer through photolithography using the mask and wafer. Step 5 (assembly), which is also referred to as a posttreatment, forms into a semiconductor chip the wafer formed in Step 4 and includes an assembly step (e.g., dicing, bonding), a packaging step (chip sealing), and the like. Step 6 (inspection) performs various tests for the semiconductor device made in Step 5, such as a validity test and a durability test. Through these steps, a semiconductor device is finished and shipped (Step 7).

FIG. 8 is a detailed flowchart of the wafer process in Step 4 in FIG. 7. Step 11 (oxidation) oxidizes the wafer's surface. Step 12 (CVD) forms an insulating film on the wafer's surface. Step 13 (electrode formation) forms electrodes on the wafer by vapor disposition and the like. Step 14 (ion implantation) implants ion into the wafer. Step 15 (resist process) applies a photosensitive material onto the wafer. Step 16 (exposure) uses the exposure apparatus to expose a circuit pattern on the mask onto the wafer. Step 17 (development) develops the exposed wafer. Step 18 (etching) etches parts other than a developed resist image. Step 19 (resist stripping) removes disused resist after etching. These steps are repeated, and multilayer circuit patterns are formed on the wafer. The device fabrication method of this embodiment neither spends a long time in exchange nor exposes the inside the vacuum chamber 110 to the atmospheric pressure for a long time. Therefore, the device fabrication method of this embodiment may manufacture, with desired throughput, a higher quality device than the conventional method.

Further, the present invention is not limited to these preferred embodiments, and various variations and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention. For example, the first mirror 122 is not limited to one mirror system, but is applicable to plural mirrors for increase a concentration ratio of exposure light. The present invention may exhibit similar effects with similar structure for the plural mirrors.

As discussed, an exposure apparatus that uses a plasma light source according to the instant embodiment facilitates a quick exchange of a first mirror in a small space, and prevents a deformation of the mirror in positioning of the mirror by providing three pairs of cooperating fixing shafts and mount members with V-shaped, flat and cone tips of the kinematic mount on a illumination system frame and avoiding excessive constraints of the mirror. Stable positioning of the first mirror to the same position in the illumination optical system may be quickened in a small space by maintaining the relationship of the mirror surface and three tips of the three fixing shafts. Improved workability shortens an exchange time of the mirror, and improves throughput as a whole.

Each water cooling tube for supplying coolant between the flange and the cooling plate is formed as a flexible tube. This configuration may reduce the restraint force applied by a tube to the mirror, save laborious piping in the vacuum chamber, and improves workability. This also remarkably shortens maintenance time, improves throughput as a whole, and miniaturizes the exposure apparatus due to the small maintenance space. A configuration that arranges three fixing shafts from the cooling plate directly onto the mirror would also provide similar effects and enable more precise positioning.

The present invention may provide a mirror retainer, a mirror retaining method, and a mirror exchange method, which may facilitate an exchange of a mirror in an illumination optical system, maintain initial positioning accuracy, and shorten an exchange time.


Anspruch[de]
Mechanismus zum Halten und Positionieren eines Spiegels (122) in einer Vakuumkammer (110), die eine Wand (112) mit einer Öffnung aufweist, wobei der Mechanismus Folgendes aufweist: einen Deckel (114) an der Vakuumkammer (110) zum Öffnen und Schließen der Öffnung, eine Verbindungseinrichtung (140), die den Spiegel elastisch (122) mit dem Deckel (114) verbindet, und eine Halterung (146), die in der Vakuumkammer (110) vorgesehen ist, wobei die Verbindungseinrichtung (140) Kräfte in Richtung der Halterung (146) ausübt,

wobei der Mechanismus dadurch gekennzeichnet ist,

dass drei Fixierwellen (142, 147) vorgesehen sind, mit denen der Spiegel (122) verbunden ist,

dass die Verbindungseinrichtung drei elastische Bauteile (140) aufweist, die an ihren einen Enden an dem Deckel (114) und an ihren anderen Enden an einer jeweiligen Fixierwelle (142, 147) befestigt sind, und

dass die Halterung (146) drei Halterungselemente (146a, 146b, 146c) aufweist,

wobei jede der Fixierwellen (142, 147) mit einem der Halterungselemente (146a, 146b, 146c) durch die von den elastischen Bauteilen (140) ausgeübten Kräfte in Kontakt gehalten wird, und

wobei entweder die drei Fixierwellen (142, 147) oder die drei Halterungselemente (146a, 146b, 146c) eine kugelförmige Spitze (149) haben, und die anderen von den drei Fixierwellen (142, 147) und den drei Halterungselementen (146a, 146b, 146c) eine Nutspitze oder eine ebene Spitze haben, die mit einer der kugelförmigen Spitzen (149) derart in Kontakt sind, dass die Fixierwellen (142, 147) und dadurch der Spiegel (122) bezüglich sechs Achsen beschränkt sind.
Mechanismus nach Anspruch 1, der ferner eine Kühlplatte (132) aufweist, die mit dem Spiegel (122) zum Kühlen des Spiegels (122) verbunden ist, und die zwischen dem Deckel (114) und dem Spiegel (122) angeordnet ist. Mechanismus nach Anspruch 2, der ferner einen Kühlschlauch (134) aufweist, der sich zwischen dem Deckel (114) und dem Spiegel (122) befindet, um ein Kühlmittel über den Deckel (114) zu der Kühlplatte (132) zu liefern. Mechanismus nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die drei Fixierwellen (142) mit der Kühlplatte (132) verbunden sind und über die Kühlplatte (132) mit dem Spiegel (122) verbunden sind. Mechanismus nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei die anderen der drei Fixierwellen (142, 147) und der drei Halterungselemente (146a, 146b, 146c) eine V-förmige Nutspitze, eine Kegelnutspitze und eine ebene Spitze aufweisen. Verfahren zum Halten und Positionieren eines Spiegels (122) in einer Vakuumkammer (110), die eine Wand (112) mit einer Öffnung aufweist, unter Verwendung des Mechanismus nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte aufweist: Verbinden des Spiegels (122) mit den drei Fixierwellen (142, 147), und Positionieren des Spiegels (122) indem die drei Fixierwellen (142, 147) mit den drei Halterungselementen (146a, 146b, 146c) in Kontakt gehalten werden. Verfahren zum Auswechseln eines Spiegels (122), der in einer Vakuumkammer (110) untergebracht ist, die eine Wand (112) mit einer Öffnung aufweist, unter Verwendung des Mechanismus nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte aufweist: Öffnen der Vakuumkammer (110) für atmosphärischen Druck; Nehmen des Spiegels (122) aus der Vakuumkammer (110) zeitgleich mit einem Öffnen des Deckels (114) der Vakuumkammer (110); Auswechseln des Spiegels (122); Einbringen des Spiegels (122) in die Vakuumkammer (110) und Positionieren des Spiegels (122) unter Verwendung der Halterungselemente (146a, 146b, 146c) zeitgleich mit einem Schließen des Deckels (114) der Vakuumkammer (110); und Saugen eines Vakuums in der Vakuumkammer (110). Beleuchtungsgerät zum Beleuchten einer ein Muster ausbildenden Maske, mit: einer Lichtquelle (200) zum Erzeugen von Licht von einem Plasma, und dem Mechanismus nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei der Spiegel (122) nahe eines Emissionspunkts der Lichtquelle (200) zum Ausrichten des Lichts vorgesehen ist. Beleuchtungsgerät nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Licht EUV-Licht oder Röntgenstrahlung ist. Belichtungsgerät (100), mit: dem Beleuchtungsgerät nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, und einem optischen Projektionssystem (170) zum Projizieren des Musters auf ein zu belichtendes Objekt. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Bauteils, das die folgenden Schritte aufweist: Belichtung eines zu belichtenden Objekts unter Verwendung des Belichtungsgeräts (100) nach Anspruch 10; und Ausführen eines vorbestimmten Vorgangs für das belichtete Objekt.
Anspruch[en]
A mechanism for retaining and positioning a mirror (122) in a vacuum chamber (110) having a wall (112) with an opening, the mechanism comprising

a lid (114) on the vacuum chamber (110) for opening and closing the opening,

coupling means (140) elastically connecting said mirror (122) to said lid (114), and

a mount (146) provided in the vacuum chamber (110),

wherein said coupling means (140) exerts forces towards said mount (146),

wherein the mechanism is characterized

in that three fixing shafts (142, 147) are provided to which said mirror (122) is connected,

in that said coupling means comprises three elastic members (140) fixed at their one ends to said lid (114) and at their other ends to a respective one of said fixing shafts (142, 147), and

in that said mount (146) comprises three mount members (146a, 146b, 146c),

wherein each of said fixing shafts (142, 147) is held in contact with one of said mount members (146a, 146b, 146c) by the forces exerted by said elastic members (140), and

wherein either said three fixing shafts (142, 147) or said three mount members (146a, 146b, 146c) have a spherical tip (149) and the others of said three fixing shafts (142, 147) and said three mount members (146a, 146b, 146c) have a groove tip or a flat tip in contact with one of said spherical tips (149) such that said fixing shafts (142, 147) and thereby said mirror (122) are restrained with respect to six axes.
The mechanism according to claim 1, further comprising a cooling plate (132) connected to said mirror (122) for cooling said mirror (122) and being located between said lid (114) and said mirror (122). The mechanism according to claim 2, further comprising a cooling tube (134), located between said lid (114) and said mirror (122) for providing coolant to said cooling plate (132) via said lid (114). The mechanism according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that said three fixing shafts (142) are connected to said cooling plate (132) and are connected to said mirror (122) via said cooling plate (132). The mechanism according to one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the others of said three fixing shafts (142, 147) and said three mount members (146a, 146b, 146c) have a V-shaped groove tip, a cone groove tip, and a flat tip. A method for retaining and positioning a mirror (122) in a vacuum chamber (110) having a wall (112) with an opening, using the mechanism according to one of claims 1 to 5, the method comprising the steps of

connecting said mirror (122) to said three fixing shafts (142, 147), and

positioning said mirror (122) by keeping said three fixing shafts (142, 147) in contact with said three mount members (146a, 146b, 146c).
A method for exchanging a mirror (122) accommodated in a vacuum chamber (110) having a wall (112) with an opening, using the mechanism according to one of claims 1 to 5, said method comprising the steps of

opening the vacuum chamber (110) to atmospheric pressure;

taking said mirror (122) out of the vacuum chamber (110) simultaneously with opening said lid (114) of the vacuum chamber (110);

exchanging said mirror (122);

introducing said mirror (122) into the vacuum chamber (110) and positioning the mirror (122) using said mount members (146a, 146b, 146c) simultaneously with closing said lid (114) of the vacuum chamber (110); and

drawing a vacuum in the vacuum chamber (110).
An illumination apparatus for illuminating a mask that forms a pattern, comprising

a light source (200) for generating light from a plasma, and

the mechanism according to one of claims 1 to 5,

wherein said mirror (122) is provided near an emission point of said light source (200) for condensing the light.
An illumination apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the light is the EUV light or x-ray. An exposure apparatus (100), comprising

the illumination apparatus according to claim 8 or 9, and

a projection optical system (170) for projecting the pattern onto an object to be exposed.
A device fabrication method comprising the steps of

exposing an object to be exposed, using the exposure apparatus (100) according to claim 10; and

performing a predetermined process for the object exposed.
Anspruch[fr]
Mécanisme pour retenir et positionner un miroir (122) dans une chambre sous vide (110) comportant une cloison (112) ayant une ouverture, mécanisme comprenant: un couvercle (114) sur la chambre sous vide (110) pour ouvrir et fermer l'ouverture, un moyen d'accouplement (140) reliant élastiquement ledit miroir (122) audit couvercle (114), et une monture (146) prévue dans la chambre sous vide (110), dans lequel ledit moyen d'accouplement (140) exerce des forces vers ladite monture (146),

dans lequel le mécanisme est caractérisé

en ce que trois arbres de fixation (142, 147) sont prévus, auxquels est raccordé ledit miroir (122),

en ce que ledit moyen d'accouplement comprend trois éléments élastiques (140) fixés à leurs premières extrémités audit couvercle (114) et à leurs autres extrémités à l'un respectif desdits arbres de fixation (142, 147), et

en ce que ladite monture (146) comprend trois éléments de monture (146a, 146b, 146c),

dans lequel chacun desdits arbres de fixation (142, 147) est maintenu en contact avec l'un desdits éléments de monture (146a, 146b, 146c) par les forces exercées par lesdits éléments élastiques (140), et

dans lequel lesdits trois arbres de fixation (142, 147) ou lesdits trois éléments de monture (146a, 146b, 146c) ont une pointe sphérique (149) et les autres desdits trois arbres de fixation (142, 147) et desdits trois éléments de monture (146a, 146b, 146c) ont une pointe rainurée ou une pointe plane en contact avec l'une desdites pointes sphériques (149) de sorte que lesdits arbres de fixation (142, 147) et ainsi ledit miroir (122) sont retenus par rapport à six axes.
Mécanisme selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une plaque de refroidissement (132) raccordée audit miroir (122) pour refroidir ledit miroir (122) et située entre ledit couvercle (114) et ledit miroir (122). Mécanisme selon la revendication 2, comprenant en outre un tube de refroidissement (134), situé entre ledit couvercle (114) et ledit miroir (122) pour alimenter ladite plaque de refroidissement (132) en fluide de refroidissement par l'intermédiaire dudit couvercle (114). Mécanisme selon la revendication 2 ou 3, caractérisé en ce que lesdits trois arbres de fixation (142) sont raccordés à ladite plaque de refroidissement (132) et sont raccordés audit miroir (122) par l'intermédiaire de ladite plaque de refroidissement (132). Mécanisme selon l'une des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel les autres desdits trois arbres de fixation (142, 147) et desdits trois éléments de monture (146a, 146b, 146c) ont une pointe rainurée en forme de V, une pointe rainurée conique et une pointe plate. Procédé pour retenir et positionner un miroir (122) dans une chambre sous vide (110) comportant une cloison (112) ayant une ouverture, en utilisant le mécanisme selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à : raccorder ledit miroir (122) auxdits trois arbres de fixation (142, 147), et positionner ledit miroir (122) en maintenant lesdits trois arbres de fixation (142, 147) en contact avec lesdits trois éléments de monture (146a, 146b, 146c). Procédé d'échange d'un miroir (122) logé dans une chambre sous vide (110) comportant une cloison (112) ayant une ouverture, en utilisant le mécanisme selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, ledit procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à : ouvrir la chambre sous vide (110) à la pression atmosphérique ; sortir ledit miroir (122) de la chambre sous vide (110) simultanément à l'ouverture dudit couvercle (114) de la chambre sous vide (110) ; échanger ledit miroir (122) ; introduire ledit miroir (122) dans la chambre sous vide (110) et positionner le miroir (122) en utilisant lesdits éléments de monture (146a, 146b, 146c) simultanément à la fermeture dudit couvercle (114) de la chambre sous vide (110) ; et entraîner un vide dans la chambre sous vide (110). Dispositif d'éclairage pour éclairer un masque qui forme un motif, comprenant : une source de lumière (200) pour générer de la lumière à partir d'un plasma, et le mécanisme selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel ledit miroir (122) est disposé près d'un point d'émission de ladite source de lumière (200) pour condenser la lumière. Dispositif d'éclairage selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la lumière est la lumière EUV (UV extrême) ou des rayons X. Dispositif d'exposition (100), comprenant : le dispositif d'éclairage selon la revendication 8 ou 9, et un système optique de projection (170) pour projeter le motif sur un objet devant être exposé. Procédé de fabrication de dispositif comprenant les étapes consistant à : exposer un objet devant être exposé, en utilisant le dispositif d'exposition (100) selon la revendication 10 ; et exécuter un procédé prédéterminé pour l'objet exposé.






IPC
A Täglicher Lebensbedarf
B Arbeitsverfahren; Transportieren
C Chemie; Hüttenwesen
D Textilien; Papier
E Bauwesen; Erdbohren; Bergbau
F Maschinenbau; Beleuchtung; Heizung; Waffen; Sprengen
G Physik
H Elektrotechnik

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