PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1573727 10.01.2008
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001573727
Titel DOPPELSCHICHTIGES OPTISCHES AUFZEICHNUNGSMEDIUM UND DER GEBRAUCH EINES SOLCHEN MEDIUMS
Anmelder Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V., Eindhoven, NL
Erfinder MARTENS, Hubert C., NL-5656 AA Eindhoven, NL;
TIEKE, Benno, NL-5656 AA Eindhoven, NL
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 60317827
Vertragsstaaten AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HU, IE, IT, LI, LU, MC, NL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 26.11.2003
EP-Aktenzeichen 037739059
WO-Anmeldetag 26.11.2003
PCT-Aktenzeichen PCT/IB03/05446
WO-Veröffentlichungsnummer 2004055799
WO-Veröffentlichungsdatum 01.07.2004
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 14.09.2005
EP date of grant 28.11.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 10.01.2008
IPC-Hauptklasse G11B 7/24(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]

The invention relates to a dual-stack optical data storage medium for recording using a focused radiation beam having a wavelength &lgr; of about 655 nm and entering through an entrance face of the medium during recording, comprising:

  • at least one substrate with present on a side thereof:
  • a first recording stack L0, comprising a recordable type L0 recording layer, said first recording stack L0 having an optical reflection value RL0 and an optical absorption value AL0 at the wavelength &lgr;, and the recordable type L0 recording layer has a complex refractive index ñL0&lgr; = nL0&lgr; - i*kL0&lgr; at the wavelength &lgr; and has a thickness dL0,
  • a second recording stack L1 comprising a recordable type L1 recording layer, said second recording stack L1 having an optical reflection value RL1 and an optical absorption value AL1 at the wavelength &lgr;, and the recordable type L1 recording layer has a complex refractive index ñL1&lgr; = nL1&lgr;- i*kL1&lgr; at the wavelength &lgr; and has a thickness dL1, said second recording stack being present closer to the entrance face than the first recording stack,
  • a transparent spacer layer sandwiched between the recording stacks, said transparent spacer layer having a thickness substantially larger than the depth of focus of the focused radiation beam.

An embodiment of an optical recording medium as described in the opening paragraph is known from Japanese Patent Application JP-11066622 .

Regarding the market for optical recording, it is clear that the most important and successful format so far is a write-once format, Compact Disk Recordable (CD-R). Although the take-over in importance by Compact Disk ReWritable (CD-RW) has been predicted since a long time, the actual market size of CD-R media is still at least an order of magnitude larger than for CD-RW. Furthermore the most important parameter for drives is the maximum write speed for R-media, not for RW. Of course, a possible shift of the market to CD-RW is still possible, e.g. because of Mount Rainier standardization for CD-RW. However, the R-format has been proven very attractive due to its 100% compatibility with read only compact disk (CD).

Recently the Digital Versatile Disk (DVD) has gained market share as a medium with a much higher data storage capacity than the CD. Presently, this format is available in a read only (ROM) and a rewritable (RW) version. Next to the DVD ReWritable (DVD+RW) standard a new recordable (R), i.e. write once, DVD+R standard was developed. The new DVD+R standard gets increasing attention as an important support for DVD+RW. A possible scenario is that the end customers have become so familiar with an optical write-once format that they might accept it more easily than a re-writable format. Recently a new format has been introduced called Blu-ray Disc (BD) with even a higher storage capacity. For this format also R and RW versions will be introduced.

An issue for both the R and RW formats is the limited capacity and therefore recording time because only single-stacked media are present. Note that for DVD-Video, which is a ROM disk, dual layer media already have a considerable market share. A dual-layer, i.e. dual-stack, DVD+RW disk is probably feasible. However, it has become clear that a fully compatible disk, i.e. within the reflection and modulation specification of the dual-layer DVD-ROM, is very difficult to achieve and requires at least a major breakthrough for the properties of the amorphous/crystalline phase-change materials, which are used as recording layers in e.g. DVD+RW media. Without a full compatibility, the success of a dual-layer DVD+RW in the market is questionable.

In order to obtain e.g. a dual-stack DVD+R medium which is compatible with the dual-layer (=stack) DVD-ROM standard, the effective reflectivity of both the upper L1 layer and the lower L0 layer should be at least 18%. More generally it can be said that any new generation dual stack medium requires a minimum effective optical reflection level Rmin in order to meet a specification, e.g. for a dual stack BD the expected value of Rmin is 0.04 and for a dual stack BD compatible with a single stack BD Rmin = 0.12. Effective optical reflection means that the reflection is measured as the portion of effective light coming back from the medium when e.g. both stacks L0 and L1 are present and focusing on L0 and L1 respectively. The conditions, which must be imposed on the optical reflection, absorption and transmission values of the stacks in order to meet such a specification are by far not trivial. In JP-11066622 nothing is mentioned about requirements with respect to optical reflection, absorption and transmission values of the stacks. It should be noted that in this document the normally used convention of notation of L0 and L1, in which notation L0 is the "closest" stack, i.e. closest to the radiation beam entrance face, has been changed: L0 now is the deepest stack, as seen from the radiation beam entrance face, and L1 is the stack closer to the radiation beam entrance face.

In European Patent Application EP 1143431 A2 an optical recording medium of the type as described in the opening paragraph is disclosed with AL0 = 12 % and RL0 = 20%.

The document WO 02/099796 A1 used for the two-part limitation of appended claim 1 describes a dual stack rewriteable DVD.

It is an object of the invention to provide an optical data storage medium of the type mentioned in the opening paragraph which has an effective optical reflection level of both the L0 stack and the L1 of more than a specified value Rmin.

This object has been achieved in accordance with the invention by an optical storage medium, which is characterized in that AL1 ≤ 1 - Rmin - √(Rmin/RL0) in which formula Rmin = 0.18 and in that the following formulas are fulfilled: k L 0 &lgr; &lgr; * ln 1 / R min + R min / 4 &pgr; * d L 0 and

kL1&lgr;≤ {&lgr;*ln[1/(Rmin + √(Rmin))]}/(4&pgr;* dL1). For a given optical data storage medium, the effective reflection of both recording stacks of a dual-stack disc, should always lie above a specified minimum reflection Rmin. This implies that the effective reflection of L1 should meet the following criterion: T L 1 eff = R L 1 R min For L0, the effective reflection should be T L 0 eff = R L 0 * T L 1 2 R min Thus, we obtain a requirement for the transmission of L1 of T L 1 R min / R L 0 Equations (1) and (3) show that the optical properties of the total dual-stack medium are mainly defined by the optical properties of L1. The combination of equations (1) and (3) directly defines a requirement for the allowable absorption of L1: A L 1 1 - R min - R min / R L 0 The maximum AL1 that is ever allowable is obtained for maximum reflection of L0, i.e. when RL0 = 1. In this case, also the highest possible effective reflection from L0 is obtained. Thus we can define a maximum for the absorption in L1 that is still allowed as follows: A L 1 max = 1 - R min - R min The choice RL0 = 1 implies that it is impossible to write data into L0 since no absorption of optical radiation occurs. This extreme situation would e.g. be applicable to a dual-stack recordable-ROM disc or recordable L1, ROM L0 disc.

In an embodiment AL1 ≤ AL0. In order to be able to record information via optical means in L0, the L0 stack should have a finite optical absorption at the wavelength of the radiation beam, e.g. a laser. Since only part of the light of the recording laser is transmitted through L1, L0 should preferably be made more sensitive, i.e. have a higher absorption than L1, in order to keep the required write-power within acceptable limits. For a recordable dual-layer disc it seems natural to impose the following two conditions: (i) same effective reflection of both layers (same signal amplitudes which is preferred from drive point-of-view) and (ii) same effective absorption in both layers (same write-powers needed irrespective of layer). These two boundary conditions give rise to a preferred absorption in L1 that is given by: A 1 pref = 1 - 3 R min / 4 - 1 / 4 - 1 / 4 1 - R min 2 + 8 R min 1 / 2 Then, the preferred absorption in L0 (assuming TL0 = 0) is given by A 0 pref = 1 - R min / 1 / 4 - R min / 4 + 1 / 4 1 - R min 2 + 8 R min 1 / 2 2 The next step is to recognize that the absorption in L0 and L1 is mainly determined by the thickness of the recording layer dL in L0 and L1 respectively and the absorption coefficient kL&lgr; of the recording layer material in L0 and L1 respectively (kL&lgr; is the imaginary part of the complex refractive index nL&lgr;). To estimate the absorption within the recording stack the effect of a possible dual-layer stack design is omitted, which implies the following simplifications: (i) interference effects within the recording layer are neglected, (ii) possible absorption in additional layers that may be present is neglected, (iii) recording layer is embedded in between two semi-infinite media having complex refractive index n0 and n2, see Fig.5. Typically the upper surrounding medium will be transparent (substrate for L1 and spacer for L0) while the lower medium will be either transparent (spacer for L1) or highly reflecting (mirror for L0). Then, the absorption of optical power within this layer depends exponentially on both dL and kL and is calculated to be: A = 1 - exp - 4 &pgr;d L k L &lgr; . 1 + n L - n 2 n L + n 2 [ 1 - n 0 - n L n 0 + n L 2 ] &lgr; is the wavelength of the laser. The term (1+|(nL-n2)/(nL+n2)|) in the exponent is a measure for the effective thickness increase due to the portion of light that is reflected back at the second interface of the recording layer, see Fig. 5. The multiplication-factor (1 - |(nL-n0)/(nL+n0)|2) accounts for the light that is reflected at the first interface.

Typically, the L1 stack will be tuned for both finite reflection and transmission. Then, the most dominant contribution to the stack's absorption will be the absorption for a single-pass of light. The L0 stack will be tuned for high reflection, and the stack's absorption will be close that for a double-pass of light.

Preferably 1.5AL1≤ AL0 ≤ 2.5AL1. From Fig.4 it can be seen that for equal write-power in L0 and L1, the absorption in L0 should typically be approximately twice that of L1. For the range of most interest, i.e. finite absorption to achieve high T in L1 and high R in L0, the double pass will yield approximately twice as much absorption. Thus, in order to have the absorption of both layers in the required range, the following is valid for both layers: 0.5 * A L 0 max Al 1 max = 1 - R min - R min 1 - exp - 4 &pgr;k L d L / &lgr; From Fig.6 it can be seen that this approximation is best for the L1 type stacks, where of course interference effects play a less important role.

One effect that is not taken into account in the above calculations is the presence of the guide grooves in the medium, which are normally present for tracking purposes in each recording stack adjacent the recording layer. Due to these grooves, the radiation beam is diffracted and only a part (or none) of the diffracted light is captured by the reflection/transmission measurement setup. Thus the diffraction appears like a kind of absorption. The diffraction is used to generate tracking signals like push-pull and track-cross and preferably these signals are of equal magnitude on both stacks to minimize adjustments to the servo-systems when switching between the stacks. This in turn means that for both layers a similar amount of light is lost in the reflection/transmission measurement. It means that the indicated ranges of absorption and k/d range are really the upper-limit that is allowed since the range is derived assuming no diffraction losses at all.

For the recordable type L1 recording layer having a complex refractive index ñL1&lgr; = nL1&lgr; - i*kL1&lgr; at the wavelength &lgr; and having a thickness dL1, the following formula is fulfilled:

  • kL1&lgr; ≤ {&lgr;*ln[1/(Rmin + √(Rmin))]}/(4&pgr;* dL1) in which formula kL1&lgr; is the absorption coefficient of the L1 recording layer.

For the recordable type L0 recording layer having a complex refractive index ñL0&lgr;= nL0&lgr;- i*kL0&lgr; at the wavelength &lgr; and having a thickness dL0, the following formula is fulfilled:

  • kL0&lgr;≤ {&lgr;*1n[1/(Rmin + √(Rmin))]}/(4&pgr;* dL0) in which formula KL0&lgr; is the absorption coefficient of the L0 recording layer.

It is noted that the above analysis is more accurate for low k-values (k<1); for k>1 the presented formula becomes inaccurate although it still can serve as a rough estimate. Further it should be noted that the definition of the thickness dL0 and dL1 of the recording layers requires some further explanation. It may e.g. be that the recording layer thickness in a guide groove is different from the thickness in between guide grooves due to leveling effects during the application of the recording layer by e.g. spincoating. Hence the thickness of the recording layer is defined as being the thickness where the focused radiation beam spot is present during recording and read out.

To obtain a recordable dual-stack optical data storage medium that meets the specifications of the dual-layer (stack) DVD-ROM disc, it is required that &lgr; is about 655 nm, Rmin= 0.18 and that KL0&lgr; and KL1&lgr; fulfil the the requirements of equations Eq(9) and Eq(10).

It is a further object of the invention to provide a method of manufacturing a dual-stack optical data storage medium for recording using a focused radiation beam having a wavelength &lgr; and entering through an entrance face of the medium during recording, the stacks of the medium having an effective optical reflection level of more than a specified value Rmin, the medium comprising

at least one substrate, the method comprising the steps of depositing on the at least one substrate:

  • a first recording stack L0, comprising a recordable type L0 recording layer, said first recording stack L0 having an optical reflection value RL0 and an optical absorption value AL0 at the wavelength &lgr;,
  • a second recording stack named L1 comprising a recordable type L1 recording layer, said second recording stack L1 having an optical reflection value RL1 and an optical absorption value AL1 at the wavelength &lgr;, said second recording stack being present closer to the entrance face than the first recording stack,
  • a transparent spacer layer sandwiched between the recording stacks, said transparent spacer layer having a thickness substantially larger than the depth of focus of the focused radiation beam, the which medium has an effective optical reflection level of both the L0 stack and the L1 of more than a specified value Rmin.

This object has been achieved in accordance with the invention by a method as described in the previous paragraph which is characterized in that AL1 ≤1 - Rmin - √(Rmin/RL0) in which formula Rmin is the minimum required effective optical reflection value for each recording stack.

To obtain a recordable dual-stack optical data storage medium that meets the (expected) specifications of the dual-stack Blu-ray Disc (BD), it is required that &lgr; is about 405 nm, Rmin= 0.04 and that kL0&lgr; and kL1&lgr; fulfil the the requirements of equations Eq(9) and Eq(10).

For a dual-stack Blu-ray Disc which is compatible with the single layer reflection specification, it is required that &lgr; is about 405 nm, Rmin= 0.12 and that kL0&lgr; and kL1&lgr; fulfil the requirements of equations Eq(9) and Eq(10). Preferably 0.7*dL0 < dL1 < 1.3*dL0 for the media described the last three paragraphs.

It should be noted that the invention is not limited to a single sided dual stack medium but that by varying substrate thicknesses e.g. two single sided dual stack media according to the invention may be bonded together forming a dual sided dual stack medium, which fulfils thickness requirements.

The invention will be elucidated in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which

Fig. 1 shows a schematic layout of a dual-stack optical data storage medium according to the invention. The effective reflection of both stacks is indicated.

Fig. 2 shows the maximally allowable absorption in L1 as a function of the imposed minimum effective reflectivity of both layers of the dual-stack disc.,

Fig. 3 shows the preferred absorption in L0 and L1 compared to maximally allowable absorption in L1 as a function of the effective reflectivity of L0 and L1.

Fig. 4 shows the ratio between optical absorption in L0 and L1 as a function of effective reflection.

Fig. 5 shows a schematic layout of the absorption of an optical radiation beam by an absorbing recording layer, neglecting interference effects within the recording layer.

Fig. 6 shows a comparison between calculated absorption and approximation of Eq (9) for L1 type of stack (left) and L0 type of stack (right). Solid line: exact calculation; dashed line: approximation.

Fig. 7 shows the maximum value of allowed k versus L1-recording layer thickness for various values of effective reflection in case of a laser wavelength within the DVD specification.

Fig. 8 shows the range of allowed k-values as a function of L1-recording layer thickness for a dual-stack medium that meets the DVD specifications (laser wavelength 655 nm, Rmin = 18 %).

Fig. 9 shows the maximally allowed k-value in the case of a DVD-compatible (for R=18%) and a BD-compatible (for R=4%) dual-layer disc.

In Fig.1 a dual-stack optical data storage medium 10 for recording using a focused radiation beam, e.g. a laser beam 9, having a wavelength &lgr;, is shown. The laser beam enters through an entrance face 8 of the medium 10 during recording. The medium 10 comprises substrates 1 and 7 with present on a side thereof a first recording stack 2 named L0, having an optical reflection value RL0 and an optical absorption value AL0 at the wavelength &lgr; and a second recording stack 5 named L1 having an optical reflection value RL1 and an optical absorption value AL1 at the wavelength &lgr;,

  • a transparent spacer layer 4 is sandwiched between the recording stacks 2 and 5, said transparent spacer layer 4 having a thickness of 50 µm which is substantially larger than the depth of focus of the focused laser beam 9. The absorption value fulfils the following equation:
AL1 ≤ 1 - Rmin - √(Rmin/RL0) in which formula Rmin is the minimum required effective optical reflection value for each recording stack.

The first recording stack 2, comprises a recordable type L0 recording layer 3, e.g. an azo dye or any other suitable dye. A guide groove is present in the first substrate 1 or in the spacer layer 4, a first highly reflective layer is present between the L0 recording layer 3 and the substrate 1. A second substrate 7 is present with on a side thereof a second recording stack 5 comprising a recordable type L1 recording layer 6, e.g. an azo dye or any other suitable dye. The second L1 recording stack 5 is present at a position closer to the entrance face 8 than the L0 recording stack 2. A second guide groove is present in the second substrate 7 or in the spacer layer 4. The first substrate 1 with L0 is attached to the substrate with L1 by means of the transparent spacer layer 4, which may act as bonding layer. Specific suitable L0/L1 stacks designs are described below.

Embodiment 1 DVD recordable dual stack R min = 0.18, &lgr; = 655 nm, (layers in this order):

  • Substrate 1 made of PC having a thickness of 0.60 mm
  • Reflective layer of 100 nm Ag (n = 0.16-5.34i), Au, Cu or Al, or alloys thereof, may be used as well,
  • L0 recording layer 3 of an azo dye, with thickness of 80 nm, the refractive index of the dye at a radiation beam wavelength of 655 nm is 2.24 - 0.02i.
  • First semitransparent reflective layer made of Ag having a thickness of 10 nm, Au, Cu or Al, or alloys may be used as well,
  • Spacer layer 4 made of a transparent UV curable resin having having a thickness of 50 µm,
  • Second semitransparent reflective layer made of Ag having a thickness of 10 nm, Au, Cu or Al, or alloys may be used as well,
  • L1 recording layer 6 of an azo dye, with thickness of 80 nm, the refractive index of the dye at a radiation beam wavelength of 655 nm is 2.24 - 0.02i.
  • Substrate 7 made of PC having a thickness of 0.58 mm
This stack design has the following reflection, absorption and transmission values:
  • AL0 = 0.4
  • AL1 = 0.2
  • RL0 = 0.6
  • RL1 = 0.2
  • TL1 = 0.6
  • TL0 = 0
The formula AL1 ≤ 1 - Rmin - √(Rmin/RL0) = 1- 0.18 - √(0.18/0.6) = 0.27 has been fulfilled. Furthermore KL0&lgr;* dL0 = 1.6 nm ≤ {&lgr;*1n[1/(Rmin + √(Rmin))]}/(4&pgr;) = 26.4 nm and kL1&lgr;* dL1= 1.6 nm ≤ {&lgr;*ln[1/(Rmin + √(Rmin))]}/(4&pgr;) = 26.4 nm.

The first semitransparent reflective layer may also be a SiO2 layer with a thickness of e.g. 20 nm; other dielectrics may be used as well. In a different embodiment the first semitransparent reflective layer may be absent. Furthermore, additional dielectric layers may be present between the recording layer and the reflective and/or semitransparent reflective layers. The second semitransparent may also be a dielectric (e.g. Si02) or semiconducting (e.g. Si) layer. Furthermore, additional dielectric layers may be present between the recording layer and the second semitransparent reflective layer and/or between second semitransparent reflective layer and the spacer layer and/or between the recording layer and the substrate 7.

The following example does not form part of the claimed invention but represents background art that is useful for understanding the invention.

Example: BD recordable dual stack R min = 0.12, &lgr; = 405 nm (layers in this order):

  • Substrate 1 made of PC having a thickness of 1.1 mm
  • Reflective layer of 100 nm Ag (n = 0.17-2i), Au, Cu or Al, may be used as well,
  • L0 recording layer 3 of an organic dye, with thickness of 50 nm, the refractive index of the dye at a radiation beam wavelength of 405 nm is 2.4 - 0.04i.
  • First transparent dielectric layer made of Si02 having a thickness of 20 nm, other dielectrics (Si3N4, ZnS-SiO2, Al2O3, A1N) may be used as well,
  • Spacer layer 4 made of a transparent UV curable resin having a thickness of 25 µm,
  • L1 recording layer 6 of an organic dye, with thickness of 50 nm, the refractive index of the dye at a radiation beam wavelength of 405 nm is 2.4 - 0.04i.
  • Second transparent dielectric layer made of SiO2 having a thickness of 20 nm, other dielectrics (Si3N4, ZnS-Si02, Al2O3, AlN) may be used as well.
  • Substrate 7, in this embodiment also called cover layer, made of a transparent UV curable resin, having a thickness of 0.075 mm.
This stack design has the following reflection, absorption and transmission values:
  • AL0 = 0.6
  • AL1 =0.2
  • RL0 = 0.4
  • RL1 = 0.2
  • TL1 = 0.6
  • TL0 = 0
The formula AL1 ≤ 1 - Rmin - √(Rmin/RL0) = 1- 0.12 - √(0.12/0.4) = 0.33 has been fulfilled. Furthermore KL0&lgr;* dL0 = 2 nm ≤ {&lgr;*1n[1/(Rmin + √(Rmin))]}/(4&pgr;) = 24 nm and kL1&lgr;* dL1 = 2 nm ≤ {&lgr;*ln[1/(Rmin + √(Rmin))]}/(4&pgr;) = 24 nm

In Fig.2 a graph is drawn representing the maximum allowable absorption in L1 AL1max as a function of a minimum effective reflection Rmin of both recording stacks L0 and L1. Note that the maximum achievable value of Rmin is about 0.38. This value represents the case in which the L1 stack does not have absorbance anymore and hence recording is not possible, while also the L0 stack has no absorption and maximum reflection (RL0 =1).

In Fig. 3 the preferred absorption in L0 and L1 are compared to the maximally allowable absorption in L1 as a function of the effective reflectivity of L0 and L1. This preferred absorption graphs are representations of equations (6) and (7).

In Fig. 4 the ratio between AL0 and A L1 is shown as a function of the effective reflectivity of L0 and L1. It can be seen that preferably this ratio is in the range 1.5 - 2.5 more preferably in the range 1.5 - 2.0.

In Fig. 5 a schematic layout of a recording layer 3, 6 in a dual stack optical data storage medium 10 is shown (see Fig. 1). The path of an optical radiation beam is show. The absorption in L0 and L1 is mainly determined by the thickness of the recording layer dL and the absorption coefficient kL&lgr; of the recording layer material (kL&lgr; is the imaginary part of the complex refractive index nL&lgr;). To estimate the absorption within the recording stack the detailed effect of a possible dual-layer stack design is omitted, which implies the following simplifications: (i) interference effects within the recording layer are neglected, (ii) possible absorption in additional layers that may be present is neglected, (iii) recording layer is embedded in between two semi-infinite media having complex refractive index n0 and n2. Typically, the upper surrounding medium will be transparent (substrate for L1 and spacer for L0) while the lower medium will be either transparent (spacer for L1) or highly reflecting (mirror for L0). Then, the absorption of the optical radiation beam within this layer depends exponentially on both dL and kL, represented by equation (8).

In Fig.6 modeling results are presented of the absorption as a function of the recording layer thickness. The solid line indicates the exact calculation while the dashed line is the approximation of equation (9). Notice that the approximation is best for the L1 stack and reasonable for the L0 stack.

In Fig. 7 the maximum allowed k value for the recording layer of L1 is shown as a function of the recording layer thickness dL1 for various values of the Rmin.

In Fig. 8 the special case where Rmin =0.18 is drawn separately where it the area with allowed k-values has been hatched.

In Fig. 9 the same is done and the graph for BD has been added as a comparison.

It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments illustrate rather than limit the invention, and that those skilled in the art will be able to design many alternative embodiments without departing from the scope of the appended claims. In the claims, any reference signs placed between parentheses shall not be construed as limiting the claim. The word "comprising" does not exclude the presence of elements or steps other than those listed in a claim. The word "a" or "an" preceding an element does not exclude the presence of a plurality of such elements. The mere fact that certain measures are recited in mutually different dependent claims does not indicate that a combination of these measures cannot be used to advantage.

According to the invention a dual-stack optical data storage medium for recording using a focused radiation beam having a wavelength &lgr; is described. The beam enters through an entrance face of the medium during recording. The medium comprises at least one substrate with present on a side thereof a first recording stack named L0, comprising a recordable type L0 recording layer, said first recording stack L0 having an optical reflection value RL0 and an optical absorption value AL0 at the wavelength &lgr;, and a second recording stack named L1 comprising a recordable type L1 recording layer, said second recording stack L1 having an optical reflection value RL1 and an optical absorption value AL1 at the wavelength &lgr;, and a transparent spacer layer sandwiched between the recording stacks. By fulfilling the formula AL1 ≤ 1 - Rmin - √(Rmin/RL0) in which formula Rmin is the minimum required effective optical reflection value for each recording stack full compatibility is achieved with a read only (ROM) version of the medium.


Anspruch[de]
Optisches Datenspeichermedium (10) mit zwei Schichtenfolgen (Dual-Stack-Datenspeichermedium) zum Aufzeichnen unter Verwendung eines fokussierten Strahlenbündels (9), das eine Wellenlänge &lgr; von etwa 655 nm hat und während des Aufzeichnens durch eine Eintrittsfläche (8) des Mediums (10) eintritt, umfassend: - mindestens ein Substrat (1, 7), wobei auf einer Seite hiervon Folgendes vorhanden ist: - eine erste Aufzeichnungsschichtenfolge (2) L0, die eine Aufzeichnungsschicht (3) des beschreibbaren Typs umfasst, wobei die erste Aufzeichnungsschichtenfolge L0 bei der Wellenlänge &lgr; einen Wert RL0 der optischen Reflexion und einen Wert AL0 der optischen Absorption hat und die Aufzeichnungsschicht (3) des beschreibbaren Typs bei der Wellenlänge &lgr; einen komplexen Brechungsindex ñL0&lgr; = nL0&lgr; - 1*kL0&lgr; und eine Dicke dL0 hat, - eine zweite Aufzeichnungsschichtenfolge (5) L1, die eine Aufzeichnungsschicht (6) des beschreibbaren Typs umfasst, wobei die zweite Aufzeichnungsschichtenfolge L1 bei der Wellenlänge &lgr; einen Wert RL1 der optischen Reflexion und einen Wert AL1 der optischen Absorption hat und die Aufzeichnungsschicht (6) des beschreibbaren Typs bei der Wellenlänge &lgr; einen komplexen Brechungsindex ñL1&lgr; = nL1&lgr; - i*kL1&lgr; und eine Dicke dL1 hat, wobei die zweite Aufzeichnungsschichtenfolge näher an der Eintrittsfläche liegt als die erste Aufzeichnungsschichtenfolge, - eine transparente Trennschicht (4), die sandwichartig zwischen den Aufzeichnungsschichtenfolgen (2, 5) angeordnet ist, wobei die transparente Trennschicht (4) eine Dicke hat, die wesentlich größer ist als die Brennpunkttiefe des fokussierten Strahlenbündels (9), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass k L 1 1 - R min - R min / R L 0 ist, wobei in der Formel Rmin = 0,18 ist, und dass die folgenden Formeln erfüllt sind: k L 0 &lgr; &lgr; * ln 1 / R min + R min / 4 &pgr; * d L 0 und k L 1 &lgr; &lgr; * ln 1 / R min + R min / 4 &pgr; * d L 1 . Optisches Dual-Stack-Datenspeichermedium (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei AL1 ≤ AL0 ist. Optisches Dual-Stack-Datenspeichermedium (10) nach Anspruch 2, wobei 1,5AL1 ≤ AL0 ≤ 2,5AL1 ist.
Anspruch[en]
A dual-stack optical data storage medium (10) for recording using a focused radiation beam (9) having a wavelength &lgr;, of about 655 nm and entering through an entrance face (8) of the medium (10) during recording, comprising: - at least one substrate (1, 7) with present on a side thereof: - a first recording stack (2) L0, comprising a recordable type recording layer (3), said first recording stack L0 having an optical reflection value RL0 and an optical absorption value AL0 at the wavelength &lgr;, and the recordable type recording layer (3) has a complex refractive index ñL0&lgr; = nL0&lgr; - i*kL0&lgr; at the wavelength &lgr; and has a thickness dL0, - a second recording stack (5) L1 comprising a recordable type recording layer (6), said second recording stack L1 having an optical reflection value RL1 and an optical absorption value AL1 at the wavelength &lgr;, and the recordable type recording layer (6) has a complex refractive index ñL1&lgr; = nL1&lgr;- i*kL1&lgr; at the wavelength &lgr; and has a thickness dL1, said second recording stack being present closer to the entrance face than the first recording stack, - a transparent spacer layer (4) sandwiched between the recording stacks (2, 5), said transparent spacer layer (4) having a thickness substantially larger than the depth of focus of the focused radiation beam (9), characterized in that AL1 ≤ 1 - Rmin - √(Rmin/RL0) in which formula Rmin = 0.18 and in that the following formulas are fulfilled: k L 0 &lgr; &lgr; * ln 1 / R min + R min / 4 &pgr; * d L 0 and k L 1 &lgr; &lgr; * ln 1 / R min + ( R min ) / 4 &pgr; * d L 1 . A dual-stack optical data storage medium (10) according to claim 1, wherein AL1 ≤ AL0. A dual-stack optical data storage medium (10) according to claim 2, wherein 1.5AL1≤ AL0≤2.5AL1.
Anspruch[fr]
Support de stockage optique de données à double empilement (10) pour enregistrement en utilisant un faisceau de rayonnement focalisé (9) qui a une longueur d'onde &lgr; d'environ 655 nm et pénètre par une face d'entrée (8) du support (10) pendant l'enregistrement, comprenant : - au moins un substrat (1, 7) sur un côté duquel sont présents : - un premier empilement d'enregistrement (2) L0, qui comprend une couche d'enregistrement de type enregistrable (3), ledit premier empilement d'enregistrement L0 ayant une valeur de réflexion optique RL0 et une valeur d'absorption optique AL0 à la longueur d'onde &lgr;, et la couche d'enregistrement de type enregistrable (3) a un indice de réfraction complexe ñL0&lgr; = nL0&lgr; - i*kL0&lgr; à la longueur d'onde &lgr; et a une épaisseur dL0; - un deuxième empilement d'enregistrement (5) L1, qui comprend une couche d'enregistrement L1 de type enregistrable (6), ledit deuxième empilement d'enregistrement L1 ayant une valeur de réflexion optique RL1 et une valeur d'absorption optique AL1 à la longueur d'onde &lgr;, et la couche d'enregistrement de type enregistrable (6) a un indice de réfraction complexe ñL1&lgr; = nL1&lgr; - 1*kL1&lgr; à la longueur d'onde &lgr; et a une épaisseur dL1, ledit deuxième empilement d'enregistrement étant présent plus près de la face d'entrée que le premier empilement d'enregistrement; - une couche d'espacement transparente (4) prise en sandwich entre les empilements d'enregistrement (2, 5), ladite couche d'espacement transparente (4) ayant une épaisseur essentiellement plus grande que la profondeur de foyer du faisceau de rayonnement focalisé (9), caractérisé en ce que AL1 ≤ 1 - Rmin - √(Rmin / RL0), formule dans laquelle Rmin = 0,18, et en ce que les formules suivantes sont satisfaites : k L 0 &lgr; &lgr; * ln 1 / R min + R min / 4 &pgr; * d L 0 et k L 1 &lgr; &lgr; * ln 1 / R min + R min / 4 &pgr; * d L 1 Support d'enregistrement optique de données à double empilement (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel AL1 ≤ AL0. Support d'enregistrement optique de données à double empilement (10) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel 1,5 AL1 ≤ AL0 ≤ 2,5 AL1.






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