PatentDe  


Dokumentenidentifikation EP1591267 17.01.2008
EP-Veröffentlichungsnummer 0001591267
Titel Bilderzeugende Materialien
Anmelder Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P., Houston, Tex., US
Erfinder Kasperchik, Vladek, Corvallis, OR 97330, US;
Gore, Makarand, Corvallis, OR 97330, US
Vertreter derzeit kein Vertreter bestellt
DE-Aktenzeichen 602005003608
Vertragsstaaten DE, FR, GB
Sprache des Dokument EN
EP-Anmeldetag 22.04.2005
EP-Aktenzeichen 052525334
EP-Offenlegungsdatum 02.11.2005
EP date of grant 05.12.2007
Veröffentlichungstag im Patentblatt 17.01.2008
IPC-Hauptklasse B41M 5/40(2006.01)A, F, I, 20051017, B, H, EP

Beschreibung[en]
BACKGROUND

Materials that produce color change upon stimulation with energy such as light or heat may have possible applications in imaging. For example, such materials may be found in thermal printing papers and instant imaging films. Generally, the materials and compositions known so far may require a multifilm structure and further processing to produce an image (e.g., instant imaging films). And in the case of facsimile and thermal head media, high energy input of greater than 1 J/cm2 is needed to achieve good images.

The compositions in multifilm media may require control of diffusion of color-forming chemistry and further processing, and are in separate phases and layers. Most thermal and facsimile paper coatings consist of coatings prepared by preparing fine dispersions of more than two components. The components mix and react upon application of energy, resulting in a colored material. To obtain the necessary mixing, the particles need to contact across three or more phases or layers and merge into a new phase.

Because of these multiple phases and layers, high energy is required to perform this process. For example, a relatively powerful carbon dioxide laser with an energy density of 3 J/cm2 at times of much greater than 100 µs may be needed to produce a mark. In some instances, this high energy application may cause damage to the imaging substrate.

WO-A-2004/067289 , cited under Article 54(3) EPC, describes systems and methods for labelling optical disk recording media and other substrates using leuco dyes in an electromagnetic radiation sensitive composition. WO-A-2005/044579 , cited under Article 54(3) EPC, describes a method for preparing an imaging material and a coating including an antenna uniformly distributed and dissolved in both a matrix and a leuco dye phase of the coating. WO-A-03/032299 describes a system for individually labelling a recording medium by inducing visible color change with a laser in laser sensitive materials.

In many situations, it may be desirable to produce a visible mark more efficiently using either a less intense, less powerful, and/or shorter energy application. Therefore, there is a need for fast marking coatings, possibly composed of fewer than three phases and in single layer. Single layer color-forming materials, initiated and addressable by radiation, particularly with energy density of less than about 0.5 J/cm2 delivered in less than 100 µs is hereto unknown.

SUMMARY

Disclosed herein are imaging materials. The materials disclosed herein include an antenna, a color former and an activator, all dispersed in a matrix. The color former and the activator are present in the imaging material in two separate phases. The antenna readily absorbs energy which may be applied imagewise to the imaging materials. The antenna is selected from the group consisting of salts of 1,1'-dipropyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindadicarbocyanine, salts of 1,1'-dibutyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindadicarbocyanine, and salts of 3,7-bis(diethylamino)-phenothiazin-5-ium.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

For a detailed description of embodiments of the invention, reference will now be made to the accompanying drawing showing an imaging medium according to embodiments of the present invention.

NOTATION AND NOMENCLATURE

Certain terms are used throughout the following description and claims to refer to particular system components. As one skilled in the art will appreciate, companies may refer to components by different names. This document does not intend to distinguish between components that differ in name but not function. In the following discussion and in the claims, the terms "including" and "comprising" are used in an open-ended fashion, and thus should be interpreted to mean "including, but not limited to.... ". The term "leuco dye" is a color forming substance which is colorless or one color in a non-activated state and produces or changes color in an activated state. As used herein, the term "activator" is a substance which reacts with a dye and causing the dye to alter its chemical structure and change or acquire color. By way of example only, activators may be phenolic or other proton donating species which can effect this change. The term "antenna" means any radiation absorbing compound the antenna readily absorbs a desired specific wavelength of the marking radiation.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The following discussion is directed to various embodiments of the invention. The embodiments disclosed should not be interpreted, or otherwise used, as limiting the scope of the disclosure, including the claims. In addition, one skilled in the art will understand that the following description has broad application, and the discussion of any embodiment is meant only to be exemplary of that embodiment, and not intended to intimate that the scope of the disclosure, including the claims, is limited to that embodiment.

Embodiments of the invention include coatings that result in clear marks and excellent image quality when marked with a 650 nm laser operating at 25-45mw. The materials used to produce color change upon stimulation by energy may include a color-former such as a fluoran leuco dye and an activator such as sulphonylphenol dispersed in a matrix such as radiation-cured acrylate oligomers and monomers and applied to a substrate. In particular embodiments, either the leuco dye or the activator may be substantially insoluble in the matrix at ambient conditions. An efficient radiation energy absorber that functions to absorb energy and deliver it to the reactants is also present In this coating. Energy may then be applied by way of, for example, a laser. Upon application of the energy, either the activator, the color-former, or both may become heated and mix which causes the color-former to become activated and a mark to be produced.

Referring now to the embodiments illustrated in the drawing, there is shown imaging medium 100, energy 110, substrate 120, imaging composition 130, and suspended particles 140. Imaging medium 100 may comprise a substrate 120. Substrate 120 may be substrate upon which it is desirable to make a mark, such as, by way of example only, paper (e.g., labels, tickets, receipts, or stationary), overhead transparencies, or the labeling surface of a medium such as a CD-R/RW/ROM or DVD±R/RW/ROM.

Imaging composition 130 may comprise a matrix, an activator, a radiation absorbing compound such as a dye, and a color forming dye. The activator and the color forming dye, when mixed, may change color. Either of the activator and the color forming dye may be soluble in the matrix. The other component (activator or color forming dye) may be substantially insoluble in the matrix and may be suspended in the matrix as uniformly distributed particles 140. The imaging composition 130 may be applied to the substrate via any acceptable method, such as, by way of example only, rolling, spraying, or screen printing.

Energy 110 may be directed imagewise to imaging medium 100. The form of energy may vary depending upon the equipment available, ambient conditions, and desired result. Examples of energy which may be used may include red laser radiation at a wavelength of about 650+/-10nm at 22 °C. The wavelength of LASER emission may shift +/-30nm depending upon temperature. The dyes and compositions are selected such that absorption of films and shift in absorbance is compatible with the LASER frequency shift. The antenna may absorb the energy and heat the imaging composition 130. The heat may cause suspended particles 140 to reach a temperature sufficient to cause the interdiffusion of the color forming species initially present in the particles (e.g., glass transition temperatures (Tg) or melting temperatures (Tm) of particles 140 and matrix). The activator and dye may then react to form a color.

Examples 1 and 2 illustrate embodiments of the present invention. Several modifications may be made that are within the scope of the present invention. The following compounds Dye 724, (Formula 1) (&lgr;max=642nm in MeOH), Dye 683, (Formula 2) (&lgr;max=642nm in MeOH), or Oxazine 1 (3,7-bis(diethylamino)phenothiazin-5-ium perchlorate)(Formula 3) (&lgr;max=645nm in EtOH) are suitable antennae.

Other embodiments may include oxazine variations, such as phenothiazine dye basic blue 9 (Formula 4) (&lgr;max=661nm in H2O), and celestine blue (Formula 5) (&lgr;max =642nm in H2O).

A number of additional classes of dyes can be used to tailor the solubility, stability and absorbance properties. Other examples include phenanthrodiisoquinoline dyes (Formula 6) (&lgr;max=655nm in CH2Cl2/CF3COOH).

Yet another example is the use of squarilium dyes, such as (Formula 7) (&lgr;max=654nm in cholorform) and (Formula 8) (&lgr;max=664nm in methanol). In general squarilium dyes with the 2-oxo-cyclobuten-4-olate ring with aromatic groups can be chosen to match the absorption and solubility.

Metal complex dyes can be used, for example, in combination with cyanine dyes such as compounds of Formulas 1, 2, and 3 to afford photostability. An example of a metal complex dye is (Formula 9) (&lgr;max=624 nm in acetone).

Anthraquinone dyes such as acid green 25 (Formula 10) (&lgr;max=642nm in H2O), may also be suitable for use as absorbers in some embodiments.

In other examples, triphenylmethane dyes, with polar groups such as Alphazurine A (acid blue 7) (Formula 11) (&lgr;max=637nm in H2O) may be used as absorbers.

It is anticipated that the antenna may have a blue or blue-green coloration. Thus, it may be desirable in some instances to use leuco dyes which form a color other than blue or blue-green to achieve visible contrast.

Additional examples of antennae can be found in " Infrared Absorbing Dyes", Matsuoka, Masaru, ed., Plenum Press (1990) (ISBN 0-306-43478-4 ) and " Near-Infrared Dyes for High Technology Applications", Daehne, S.; Resch-Genger, U.; Wolfbeis, O., Ed., Kluwer Academic Publishers (ISBN 0-7923-5101-0 ).

The activator (e.g., bisphenol-A) and color-forming dye 90 (e.g., (2'-anilino-3'-methyl-6'-(dibutylamino)fluoran)) may act in tandem to produce a mark. The activator and dye may be any two substances which when reacted together produce a color change. When reacted, the activator may initiate a color change in the dye or develop the dye. One of the activator and the dye may be soluble in the matrix (e.g., lacquer 30) at ambient conditions. The other may be substantially insoluble in the lacquer at ambient conditions. By "substantially insoluble," it is meant that the solubility of the other in the lacquer at ambient conditions is so low, that no or very little color change may occur due to reaction of the dye and the activator at ambient conditions. Although, in the embodiments described above, the activator may be dissolved in the lacquer and the dye remains suspended as a solid in the matrix at ambient conditions, it is also acceptable that the color former may be dissolved in the matrix and the activator may remain as a suspended solid at ambient conditions. Activators may include, without limitation, proton donors and phenolic compounds such as bisphenol-A, bisphenol-S, p-hydroxy benzyl benzoate, phenol, 4,4'-sulfonylbis[2-(2-propenyl)] (Formula 12). and poly-phenols. Color formers may include, without limitation, leuco dyes such as fluoran leuco dyes and phthalide color formers as described in " The Chemistry and Applications of Leuco Dyes", Muthyala, Ramiah, ed., Plenum Press (1997) (ISBN 0-306-45459-9 ). Nonexclusive examples of acceptable fluoran leuco dyes comprise the structure shown in Formula (13) where A and R are aryl or alkyl groups.

The leuco dye may also be present as a separate phase in the form of a low-melting eutectic. The eutectic may comprise an alloy of fluoran dye and a melting aid.

Melting aids may include crystalline organic solids with melting temperatures in the range of about 50°C to about 150°C, and alternatively melting temperature in the range of about 70°C to about 120°C. Suitable accelerators may include aromatic hydrocarbons (or their derivatives) that provide good solvent characteristics for leuco dye and antennas. The melting aid may assist in reducing the melting temperature of the leuco dye and stabilize the leuco dye alloy in the amorphous state (or slow down the recrystallization of the leuco dye alloy into individual components). Suitable melting aids for use in the current invention may include, but are not limited to, m-terphenyl, p-benzyl biphenyl, &bgr;-naphtol benzylether, and 1,2[bis(3,4]dimethylphenyl)ethane.

Embodiments may include almost any known leuco dye, including, but not limited to, fluorans, phthalides, amino-triarylmethanes, aminoxanthenes, aminothioxanthenes, amino-9, 10-dihydro-acridines, aminophenoxazines, aminophenothiazines, aminodihydro-phenazines, aminodiphenylmethanes, aminohydrocinnamic acids (cyanoethanes, leuco methines) and corresponding esters, 2(p-hydroxyphenyl)-4, 5-diphenylimidazoles, indanones, leuco indamines, hydrozines, leuco indigoid dyes, amino-2, 3-dihydroanthraquinones, tetrahalo-p, p'-biphenols, 2(p-hydroxyphenyl)-4, 5-diphenylimidazoles, phenethylanilines, and mixtures thereof. In other embodiments, the leuco dye may comprise a fluoran, phthalide, aminotriarylmethane, or mixture thereof. Several non-limiting examples of suitable fluoran based leuco dyes may include 3-diethylamino-6-methyl-7-anilinofluorane, 3-(N-ethyl-p-toluidino)-6-methyl-7-anilinofluorane, 3-(N-ethyl-N-isoamylamino)-6-methyl-7-anilinofluorane, 3-diethylamino-6-methyl-7-(o,p-dimethylanilino)fluorane, 3-pyrrolidino-6-methyl-7-anilinofluorane, 3-piperidino-6-methyl-7-anilinofluorane, 3-(N-cyclohexyl-N-methylamino)-6-methyl-7-anilinofluorane, 3-diethylamino-7-(m-trifluoromethylanilino) fluorane, 3-dibutylamino-6-methyl-7-anilinofluorane, 3-diethylamino-6-chloro-7-anilinofluorane, 3-dibutylamino-7-(o-chloroanilino)fluorane, 3-diethylamino-7-(o-chloroanilino)fluorane 3-di-n-pentylamino-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran, 3-di-n-butylamino-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran, 3-(n-ethyl-n-isopentylamino)-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran, 3-pyrrolidino-6-methyl-7-anilinofluoran, 1(3H)-isobenzofluranone, 4,5,6,7-tetrachloro-3, 3-bis [2-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethenyl], and mixtures thereof. Aminotriarylmethane leuco dyes may also be used in the present invention such as tris (N,N-dimethylaminophenyl) methane ; tris(N,N-diethylaminophenyl) methane; tris(4-diethylaminolphenyl) methane; tris(N,N-di-n-propylaminophenyl) methane; tris(N,N-din-butylaminophenyl) methane; bis(4-diethylaminophenyl)-(4-diethylamino-2-methyl-phenyl) methane; bis(4-diethylamino-2-methylphenyl)-(4-diethylamino-phenyl) methane; tris(4-diethylamino-2-methylphenyl) methane; bis (4-diethylamino-2-methylphenyl) (3,4-diemethoxyphenyl) methane; aminotriarylmethane leuco dyes having different alkyl substituents bonded to the amino moieties wherein each alkyl group is independently selected from C1-C4 alkyl; and aminotriaryl methane leuco dyes with any of the preceding named structures that are further substituted with one or more alkyl groups on the aryl rings wherein the latter alkyl groups are independently selected from C1-C3 alkyl.

Lacquer 30 may be any suitable matrix for dissolving and/or dispersing the activator, antenna, and color former (or color former/melting aid alloy). Acceptable lacquers may include, by way of example only, UV curable matrices such as acrylate derivatives, oligomers and monomers, with a photo package. A photo package may include a light absorbing species which initiates reactions for curing of a lacquer, such as, by way of example, benzophenone derivatives. Other examples of photoinitiators for free radical polymerization monomers and pre-polymers include but are not limited to: thioxanethone derivatives, anthraquinone derivatives, acetophenones and benzoine ether types. It may be desirable to choose a matrix which is cured by a form of radiation other than the type of radiation which causes a color change. Matrices based on cationic polymerization resins may require photo-initiators based on aromatic diazonium salts, aromatic halonium salts, aromatic sulfonium salts and metallocene compounds. An example of an acceptable lacquer or matrix may include Nor-Cote CLCDG-1250A or Nor-Cote CDG000 (mixtures of UV curable acrylate monomers and oligomers) which contains a photoinitiator (hydroxy ketone) and organic solvent acrylates (e.g., methyl methacrylate, hexyl methacrylate, betaphenoxy ethyl acrylate, and hexamethylene acrylate). Other acceptable lacquers or matrices may include acrylated polyester oligomers such as CN292, CN293, CN294, SR351 (trimethylolpropane tri acrylate), SR395 (isodecyl acrylate), and SR256 (2(2-ethoxyethoxy) ethyl acrylate) available from Sartomer Co.

EXAMPLES Example 1

9.05 g of m-terphenyl was melted in a heated crucible. 90.45g of (2'-anilino-3'-methyl-6'-(dibutylamino)fluoran) (Formula 14) was added to the melted m-terphenyl. The mixture was heated to 180°C and mixed until complete dissolution. 0.5g of (1,1'-dibutyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindadicarbocyanine perchlorate) (available from Organica Feinchemie GmbH Wollen) was dissolved in the melt. The resulting mixture was quickly cooled and ground into a fine powder of average particle size 2-7 µm to form the sensitized eutectic.

9g of finely ground Bisphenol S (phenol, 4,4'-sulfonylbis) and 0.25g of Dye 783 were added into 47.3g of CLCDG-1250A UV-curable lacquer and left mixing overnight. 6.6g of zinc stearate powder and 2g of Darocur® 4265 photoinitiator (available from Ciba Specialty Chemicals, 540 White Plains Rd., PO Box 2005, Tarrytown, NY 10591) where then added. Finally, 31.7g of the sensitized eutectic powder described in the preceding paragraph was added to form a UV-curable thermochromic paste. To ensure mixing uniformity, the paste was run through a three roll mill three times.

The resulting paste was screen printed onto a substrate at a thickness of approximately 5-7 µm to form an imaging medium. The coating was then UV cured by a mercury lamp and then directly marked by a 20mW red (650nm) laser with energy applications of duration of about 30 µsec to about 100 µsec. Marks of approximately 7 µm x 45 µm were produced.

Example 2

9.05 g of m-terphenyl was melted in a heated crucible. 90.45g of (2'-anilino-3'-methyl-6'-(dibutylamino)fluoran) was added to the melted m-terphenyl. The mixture was heated to 180 °C and mixed until complete dissolution. 0.5g of (1,1'-dipropyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindadicarbocyanine iodide) (available from Organica Feinchemie GmbH Wollen) was dissolved in the melt. The resulting sensitized eutectic mixture was quickly cooled and ground into a fine powder of average particle size 2-7 µm.

9.09g of m-terphenyl was melted in a heated crucible. 0.91g of 1,1'-dipropyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindadicarbocyanine iodide was added to the melt and mixed until completely dissolved. The antenna alloy mixture was cooled down and ground into a fine powder.

9g of finely ground Bisphenol S and 3.4g of the antenna alloy were added into 47.3g of CLCDG-1250A UV-curable lacquer and left mixing overnight. 6.6g of zinc stearate powder and 2g of Darocur® 4265 photoinitiator were added into the mixture. Finally, 31,7g of the sensitized eutectic were combined with the resulting lacquer mix to form a UV-curable thermochromic paste. To ensure mixing uniformity, the paste was run through a three roll mill three times.

The resulting paste was screen printed onto a substrate at a thickness of approximately 5-7 µm to form an imaging medium. The coating was then UV cured by a mercury lamp and then directly marked by a 20mW red (650nm) laser with energy applications of duration of about 30 µsec to about 100 µsec. Marks of approximately 7 µm x 45 µm were produced.

The above discussion is meant to be illustrative of the principles and various embodiments of the present invention. Numerous variations and modifications will become apparent to those skilled in the art once the above disclosure is fully appreciated. It is intended that the following claims be interpreted to embrace all such variations and modifications.


Anspruch[de]
Bilderzeugungsverbindung (130), die folgende Merkmale aufweist: eine Matrix; eine Antenne, die in der Matrix aufgelöst ist; einen Farbbildner; und einen Aktivator; wobei die Antenne abgestimmt ist, um eine Strahlung mit einer Wellenlänge von 620 nm bis 680 nm zu absorbieren;

wobei einer des Aktivators und des Farbbildners in der Matrix oder einem Matrixvorläufer bei Umgebungsbedingungen löslich ist;

wobei der lösliche des Aktivators und des Farbbildners in der Matrix aufgelöst ist; und

wobei der andere (140) des Aktivators und des Farbbildners im Wesentlichen einheitlich in der Matrix dispergiert ist,

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Antenne aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist, die aus Salzen von 1,1'-Dipropyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindadicarbocyanin, Salzen von 1,1'-Dibutyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindadicarbocyanin und Salzen von 3,7-bis(Diethylamino)-phenothiazin-5-ium besteht.
Die Bilderzeugungsverbindung (130) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der der Farbbildner ein Leukofarbstoff ist. Die Bilderzeugungsverbindung (130) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der der Farbbildner mit einer Schmelzhilfe legiert ist. Die Bilderzeugungsverbindung (130) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der die Schmelzhilfe aus der Gruppe ausgewählt ist, die aus m-Terphenyl, p-Benzyl, Biphenyl, &bgr;-Naphtolbenzylether und 1,2[bis(3,4)-Dimethylphenyl]ethan besteht. Ein Bildaufzeichnungsmedium (100), wobei das Medium folgende Merkmale aufweist: ein Substrat (120); und die Bilderzeugungsverbindung (130) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4.
Anspruch[en]
An imaging compound (130) comprising: a matrix; an antenna dissolved in the matrix; a color former; and an activator; wherein the antenna is tuned to absorb radiation with a wavelength of 620 nm to 680 nm

wherein one of the activator and the color former is soluble in the matrix or matrix precursor at ambient conditions;

wherein the soluble of the activator and the color former is dissolved in the matrix; and

wherein the other (140) of the activator and the color former is substantially uniformly dispersed in the matrix,

characterized in that the antenna is selected from the group consisting of salts of 1,1'-dipropyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindadicarbocyanine, salts of 1,1'-dibutyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindadicarbocyanine, and salts of 3,7-bis(diethylamino)-phenothiazin-5-ium
The imaging compound (130) of any of the foregoing claims wherein the color former is a leuco dye. The imaging compound (130) of any of the foregoing claims wherein the color former is alloyed with a melting aid. The imaging compound (130) of any of the foregoing claims wherein the melting aid is selected from the group consisting of m-terphenyl, p-benzyl, biphenyl, &bgr;-naphtol benzyl ether, and 1,2[bis(3,4)dimethylphenyl]ethane. An image recording medium (100), the medium comprising: a substrate (120); and the imaging compound (130) of any one of claims 1 to 4.
Anspruch[fr]
Composé pour la formation d'image (130) comprenant : une matrice; une antenne dissoute dans la matrice; un chromogène; et un activateur; dans lequel l'antenne est réglée de façon à absorber un rayonnement d'une longueur d'onde allant de 620 nm à 680 nm ;

dans lequel un élément parmi l'activateur et le chromogène est soluble dans la matrice ou le précurseur de matrice dans des conditions ambiantes ;

dans lequel l'élément soluble parmi l'activateur et le chromogène est dissous dans la matrice ; et

dans lequel l'autre élément (140) parmi l'activateur et le chromogène est sensiblement uniformément dispersé dans la matrice,

caractérisé en ce que l'antenne est choisie dans le groupe consistant en des sels de 1,1'-dipropyl-3,3,3',3'-tétraméthylindadicarbocyanine, des sels de 1,1'-dibutyl-3,3,3',3'-tétraméthylindadicarbocyanine et des sels de 3,7-bis(diéthylamino)-phénothiazin-5-ium.
Composé pour la formation d'image (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le chromogène est un colorant leuco. Composé pour la formation d'image (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le chromogène est allié avec un adjuvant favorisant la fusion. Composé pour la formation d'image (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'adjuvant favorisant la fusion est choisi dans le groupe consistant en l'éther de m-terphényle, p-benzyle, biphényle, éther de &bgr;-naphtol benzyle et le 1,2[bis(3,4)diméthylphényl]éthane. Support d'enregistrement d'image (100), le support comprenant : un substrat (120) ; et le composé pour la formation d'image (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4.






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